The Way forward for Ethiopia and Eritrea – By Dawit Wolde Giorgis

June 29th, 2009 Print Print Email Email

I read Neamin Zeleke’s piece on Ethio Media and other websites about his reflection and opinions on the future of Ethiopian and Eritrean relationship. I would like to compliment his very wise observation on this very important issue of our times. I believe that not relating with the Eritrean government is a misguided position. Let me explain why based on my own personal experience.

After a rigorous three-year military training in the Haile Selassie I Military Academy I spent my entire military career in Eritrea. I was there as an infantry training and operation officer in the 2nd infantry division for six years. Even after I left Eritrea to attend university, I went back to Eritrea every summer to proudly serve in the army.

I was in Eritrea during and after the federation. During the last day of the federation I was there in Asmara on security mission watching the Eritrean Assembly when they were voting. It was unanimous vote. The Eritrean elites were the first to express their joy. There was in fact a competition within the Eritrean elites to send telegrams and messages to Emperor Haile Selassie expressing their joy and congratulating him.

There were some disgruntled elements that felt excluded from the new dispensation and therefore expressed dissatisfaction for personal reasons — the loss of power and influence. I was there celebrating with the Eritreans the long awaited unity of Eritrea with the mother land. It was an unforgettable moment. There was spontaneous and almost universal rejoicing by the entire Eritrean population. Undoubtedly, the response was genuine. I have gone across the length and breadth of Eritrea and experienced the outpouring of joy over the decision to unite with Ethiopia. Throughout Eritrea, and I have been to every big and small village, there was a sense of exuberance for the few years after the union. Whatever happened after that is completely inconsistent with what the people felt at the time. It suggests that there was a serious mishandling of the federal arrangement and the union that followed. If it had been handled with caution and without haste, things might have been different today.

I was there with my troops at the door step of the police headquarters when the first dissent had its first causality, General Tedla Ekubit, the Eritrean police commander. I was there during the most critical times in the development of the Eritrean rebel forces. I was there as troop commander when the first conflict started between the government troops and the rebel forces (then they were just bandits) because they did not have any political agenda. They were just a band of people headed by Idris Awate, a notorious shifta imprisoned by the British and then escaped to continue banditry act. He was again pardoned and was living peacefully when the newly established ELF recruited him and he went back to do what he had been doing all his life. I was there when he was captured and killed.

I was also there when in September 1956 (Eth. Cal.) our troops suffered their first causality at a place called Haikota, close to Agordat. The ELF took out peaceful soldiers on leave from a public bus and executed them. Until then Eritrea was peaceful. Even after that until the coming of the Derg and its draconian military and security polices, the EPLF did not control a single village or area in Eritrea except the rugged mountains of Nakfa. The EPLF did not enjoy any meaningful support from the population. Despite the fact that the process of uniting Eritrea with Ethiopia was flawed with technical and strategic errors, the people of Eritrea believed sincerely and sometimes manifested in extreme ways that I have not seen anywhere else in Ethiopia. (Refer to my book Kihdet be Dem Meret).

As a soldier, I have been involved in military operations. We were seven young officers, the first of the kind, in those times to come to Eritrea to train the troops. We used to be called Para Commandos, airborne and special force. (After three years in the military academy, few months airborne and a year in advanced infantry school in USA. That was a lot of military training.) All my six colleagues died in the service of the country. I am the only survivor from this pioneer group. For us the sanctity of the flag, the unity of Ethiopia was paramount. It was not questioned and dying for it was a cause to be celebrated. That is how most of the people I worked with in Eritrea and most of the soldiers I knew much later in life lived and died. They were in hundreds of thousands and all died with a smile on their face: because the cause was the flag and the unity of Ethiopia.

I came to the USA for my graduate studies and after the overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie I returned to Ethiopia. I was an active part of the revolution which I sincerely supported until a certain time. But throughout the times I worked under the Derg I was very close to Eritrea. I followed the situation very closely until I was finally appointed as its governor (the party’s representative) for three years, 1980 to 1983.

When I was governor for three years, my task was to pacify the rebellion and stop people from supporting the EPLF. And indeed, as many who were there at the time would testify, we succeeded to the extent that the EPLF leadership later admitted to me and my colleagues that it was one of the toughest times in their war against Ethiopia. Suddenly young people stopped joining the rebels and many started deserting from the EPLF and joined their families. It was not a miracle nor was it a complicated task. The wisdom is simply treating the Eritrean community as citizens with certain inalienable rights. When we stopped arresting people at random, established the rule of law and treated people on equal terms, people stayed in the country and once again Asmara became bustling metropolitan and other major cities returned to their former status. What we proved was the eternal truth that the major cause of the rebellion was the oppression of the population by successive governments in Addis Ababa. The EPLF and the ELF grew out of the atrocities committed by the Derg and to a certain extent during the Emperor’s era. It became clear to us that the reason why many joined the rebels was not because they really believed that they were not part of Ethiopia but because they were denied their right to live without fear of being persecuted, arrested and tortured and executed. At some point in the history of the Derg this happened routinely. ( for more detail refer to Red Tears)

During my tenure as governor, I was convinced that the Eritrean situation could be reversed if we could do less of military and more of governance and rule of law. I also suggested that we recognize the EPLF and engage with it. This created an outrage. Even after I left my country I have been condemned by my closest colleagues of suggesting that Ethiopian government recognize the EPLF and engage it in dialogue. My proposal for dialogue put me in trouble with the military establishment. As the records would show, I had serious confrontations with the then military leadership over this. Key Kokeb was not about war. Key Kokeb was about multifaceted approach for the Eritrean issue. HULEGEB ZEMETCHA. It was hijacked by the military and it launched an all out war which ended disgracefully and my showdown with the military ended with me leaving Eritrea and being assigned as the Commissioner of Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC).

After I left the Derg at the end of 1985, I became actively involved in the effort to overthrow the regime through the movement we had established, The Free Ethiopian Soldiers Movement. The first attempt was the failed coup of the generals. I and my colleagues did the external arrangement for the coup. During those times I went into the area controlled by the EPLF in Nakfa . We discussed the role of the EPLF and suggested to EPLF leaders to participate in a transitional government in the post Derg period. EPLF agreed that it will unilaterally implement a cease fire and participate in the transitional government to negotiate the future of Eritrea. After this attempt failed, I was again involved in another similar effort. The EPLF’s position was unchanged. The EPLF was willing to participate in a transitional government of Ethiopia. And this was only a few months before TPLF marched into Addis. We were about to try once again, but the TPLF rejected the proposal and the attempt was aborted. Throughout these activities against the Derg, my colleagues and I worked very closely with the EPLF leadership. Despite the fact that I was an ardent supporter of unity, an officer who fought them, a governor who condemned them at every available opportunity, my relationship with the EPLF leadership was cordial and constructive.

Sometimes when we talk about the heroism of our forefathers in defending the motherland, we forget that a significant number of Eritreans sacrificed their lives for the defense of our independence against colonialists. How can we talk about the heroic struggle of our ancestors without acknowledging the key role that Eritreans played? For me it is ridiculous to say, We Ethiopians, in the context of history, without including Eritreans.

When, for example, we write and talk about Ras Alula and the battles he fought and won, we must remember that the bulk of his troops were Eritreans and their sacrifice was enormous. As well documented, almost all our external wars came through the Red Sea. Eritrea had always been the frontline for almost all the wars fought against the invaders. Eritrean patriots and Tigreans were part and parcel of these wars against foreign aggressors. Eritreans have always been at the forefront of the wars fought to preserve the independence of and unity of Ethiopia. During the war of resistance against Italian invasion, thousands of Eritrean patriots fought alongside mehal ager arbegnotch. The head of the military of the Black Lion was an Eritrean Colonel Haileab. Eritrean patriots shaped the foreign and military policies and structures after liberation. The first and second foreign ministers were Eritreans. The first ambassador to the UN was an Eritrean. Eritreans played key roles in organizing and modernizing the Ethiopian Armed Forces. There were more than 20 senior Eritrean generals at some point in the Ethiopian armed forces ranging from chief of staff, ground force commanders, air force commanders and division commanders. General Aman Andom was the most prominent among these senior commanders of Eritrean origin. It must also be remembered that considerable percentages of the soldiers in the Army were Eritreans.

During the war fought between the Ethiopian troops and the EPLF/ELF, there was a special Eritrean commando force which proved to be one of the hardest and in fact most brutal of all the forces of the times. The Eritrean militia, like the most wonderful people of Kohayne, fought to the bitter end until the country was taken over by the EPLF. (Refer Khidet be Dem Meret)

It is hard to understand how this center broke from the whole. Perhaps it was because the Eritreans have been exposed to many kinds of propaganda and external interests. Unlike the rest of Ethiopia which was ruled by successive kings and kingdoms, in the Eritrean coast land and at a later phase in its history, in the highlands, the Turks, the Egyptians, the Italians and the British have played some roles in shaping the minds of people. These experiences have left some imprints which influenced the growth of different kinds of political thoughts and alliances.

Throughout my stay in Eritrea as a soldier, and later as Deputy Foreign Minister and then governor of Eritrea, I have delivered many speeches on the unity of Ethiopia that Eritrea was part of Ethiopia and asking the question if Eritreans are not Ethiopians then who else is? Eritrea is Mehal Ager. It is the center of our civilization and faith, the source of our culture and literature, the place where Ethiopiwinet began. I believed in this and every Eritrean I spoke to at the time believed in this ultimate truth. For me, it was my passion. I grew up taking the unity of Ethiopia and the inviolability of its frontiers as sacred oath not to be broken or questioned. But this oath, this timeless sacred alliance between us and the spirits of our ancestors, hundreds of thousands who died defending this cause, has been brutally ravaged by a bunch of arrogant self-righteous ethno centric individuals who are at the helm of leadership to destroy this unique legacy.

It must also be understood that the cause of Eritrean independence was supported by the student movement for years. I remember I was in New York’s Colombia University in early 1972-74 and I used to participate in student movement meetings. It was fashionable to talk about self determination up to and including secession. Anybody that did not support the cause of the Eritrean struggle was labeled as reactionary. I tried to explain in some meetings why our soldiers are fighting in Eritrea and why it is wrong to condemn them for protecting the unity of Ethiopia. As usual, I was labeled as a reactionary soldier who has been serving the interest of the feudal regime and my concern was dismissed. There is some credence to the claim that the student movement unwittingly allowed itself to be used by forces that had inimical agenda to Ethiopia’s interest.

When I was in the foreign office and later governor, and even when I was the Commissioner for Relief and Rehabilitation, I had meetings with the EPLF in some European countries organized by some NGOs, usually the Red Cross and Scandinavian human rights activists. The main purpose was to negotiate the opening of peace corridor in the conflict areas to provide humanitarian assistance to the civilian population trapped by the conflict. These meetings were not sanctioned by the government because it would be considered treason for anybody to have this kind of communication without the knowledge of the government. The once that were done with government’s knowledge had heavy pre-conditions. It was almost demanding the surrender of the EPLF. It therefore did not go anywhere. Ours was an effort by groups of concerned people who were trying to explore options to this endless war. When I and my colleagues met with the EPLF in very informal settings, they were and have always been very open to options besides full independence. There was no doubt in my mind then that EPLF would have accepted some sort of federation. But the Derg/WPE regime was never prepared to discuss this. I was even more certain about the position of the EPLF after my latter encounters.

After I left Ethiopia the first thing that I and my colleagues did was to establish a movement to overthrow the Derg. In this Eritrea was a key factor. I met the leadership of the EPLF and current President Isaias Afwerki several times in Europe and America and ultimately in Nakfa, through the back door into those parts of Eritrea controlled by the EPLF and meeting the leaders, the very people I have been fighting and condemning for years felt weird to me. That was the time when we were trying to coordinate the external factors with internal preparations for a coup. In an official agreement the EPLF stated that when and if the coup takes place, it will immediately cease fire and be part of the transitional government to discuss the future of Eritrea. True to their words, at the time the coup attempt was taking place, they did a unilateral cease fire and asked us if there is anything that they can do to make the coup successful. They could have taken advantage of the confusion in Eritrea when the commanders were killed and government troops were in disarray, but they did not. They were in constant touch with me and they were very disappointed by the failure of the coup.

A few years later, we tried to make another change from the inside before TPLF went too far. Again, we had discussions with EPLF and TPLF several times. We had completed preparations from the inside and what was needed was for the fighting forces to agree to implement a cease fire and be part of the transitional government. Until April 1991, two months before the TPLF entered Addis and EPLF Asmara, the EPLF supported the idea of making the change from the inside. They agreed after several meetings that they will be willing to stop fighting and participate in the transitional government and discuss the future of Eritrea. As the war continued, it became difficult to get the same kind of agreement from the TPLF. We had several meetings but eventually they sent us a long letter stating that they are heading to Addis Ababa and they asked us to be part of the EPRDF. Of course, we refused. That is when they established their own Free Ethiopian Officers Movement in order to confuse our followers in the military establishment.

The EPLF until the last days believed that the best option was to negotiate with the transitional government that would be established after a successful coup. And they know that the negotiation would not be about independence. I was aware that they were ready for some sort of federal arrangement. I was sure about that.

Besides the misguided policies of successive governments in Ethiopia, and the failure of the military to defend against the breakup of the nation, the overriding factor that eventually led to the independence of Eritrea was the policy of Woyanne. It gave away independence in a silver platter. Now, if from early on the student movement had supported the secession and made it possible for the EPLF to be a strong internationally acknowledged liberation movement, if the Derg in the name of national unity committed atrocities that alienated a big portion of the Eritrean population, and if Woyanne regime eventually gave away the independence without consulting the Ethiopian people, why should the Eritreans be blamed for it? Why should we create animosity with the Eritrean people?

We have to remember that throughout the period of war between the government troops and EPLF and ELF, there had never been a war amongst the people. It never reached a level of civil war like in other parts of Africa. It was a war that went on for several years between the EPLF/ELF forces and government troops but never a war between the people. I am a living witness and can clearly testify that the war had never affected the relationship between the people. While the war was going on in the mountains, Amharas, Oromos, Tigres, and other ethnic groups lived together in peace, intermarried, helped each other, shared whatever they had and lived nothing less than a harmonious life. Over most Ethiopian troops in Eritrea were married to Eritreans. There are hundreds of thousands of their off springs today all over Ethiopia. Internal conflicts in Ethiopia have always been about power and not ethnicity. To my best recollection, the Tigreans in Gondar used to call themselves first Gonderes and vice versa. It is amazing that after years of war in Eritrea, the relationship between the people was never seriously damaged. It never went to a level of civil war. That is the greatness of the Ethiopian people. It demonstrates how deep our culture, our understanding and levels of tolerance have evolved over the centuries. This bonding between the people was broken by Woyanne. The Woaynne incited hate. It started sawing the seeds of ethnicity not only between the people of Eritrea and the rest of Ethiopia but amongst the Ethiopian people, too. This is indeed the saddest moment in Ethiopian history.

Eritrea is now independent. That reality cannot be reversed by force. There are two things that need to be done.

1. The national security and interest of Ethiopia have been and will continue revolving around three man issues. The Nile, the Red Sea (Eritrea) and Somalia (the Ogaden). Since they are very much interrelated, they could be considered as one. I have explained this in my book Kihdet be Dem Meret. There is no need to do that here. In all this, Eritrea plays a vital role. Ethiopia and Eritrea have a common destiny. Whatever happens in Eritrea will affect Ethiopia and vice versa. Whoever wants to hurt Ethiopia uses Eritrea as stepping stone. Arab Chauvinism (expansionism) and Islamic Fundamentalism have always been real threats to Ethiopia, and Eritrea can possibly turn out to be the main conduit. Therefore, any responsible Ethiopian government will have to develop a policy of peaceful co-existence with Eritrea and go even further and ensure that Eritrea remains a stable, peaceful and independent ally of Ethiopia. And this can only be done through diplomacy and not confrontation.

2. Whatever the policies of current governments may be, the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea are one people. We cannot and need not live apart. Our genes, our culture, language and history are identical. There are no people on earth that are closer to Ethiopians than the Eritreans and vice versa. We are destined to live together. Therefore the effort should be not to allow politics to change our historical oneness but to work towards integration. The will and conviction of people is mightier than the sword and we will beat the ethno- centricity and be once again one people. There needs to be a conscious effort by civil society groups to bring the two people together despite the politics in their respective countries.

The national interest of Ethiopia can be packed into three major issues.

1. The inviolability of state frontiers (territorial integrity)
2. The unity of the Ethiopian people
3. Freedom of its people

Our relationship with Eritrea should be based on these three fundamentals. If the Eritrean government respects the above fundamental principles and is willing to agree on policies that promote peace and development in order to create the necessary conditions for the union of the two people, then there would be no reason why Ethiopians of any group should not establish relationship with the government of Eritrea. Likewise, Ethiopians of all groups should recognize the sovereignty of Eritrea and work towards the fulfillment of our common aspirations.

After what I have done and spoken for most of my life, it has been difficult to swallow the reality that Eritrea is now an independent country. But I have to face the reality like many of us and look beyond. The reality of today and tomorrow should be on how we can advance the interests of our people in the context of this new reality. We might or might not agree with the policies of the current government in Eritrea. The relationship of the people outlasts leaders and their polices. We should therefore strengthen the foundations of our historical relationship and be careful not to be the victims of the poisonous propaganda by Woyanne. Meles Zenawi has attempted to define what Ethiopiawinet is and what Eritreayawinet is in his own terms and based on his own interests. The truth is: there is no drawing line. His own identity and that of his trusted advisers are testimonies of this reality and truth. It is only the governments that are two. The people have been one and are one. All responsible Ethiopians and Eritreans should endeavor to up hold this truth and reinforce it by focusing on what binds us together rather than what divides us.

As a neighbor with vested interest in Eritrean affairs, Ethiopians can only take hard positions when the steps being taken by the Eritrean government violates the fundamental principles of our relationship and endangers our peace and security. The current government has emphatically stated that it will not violate these principles and, in fact, it will be willing to work toward the building of a stable Ethiopia. I believed earlier that Eritrea was trying to strengthen its economy and its standing in the region at the expense of Ethiopia. It was my impression that Eritrea wanted a weak Ethiopia that is divided and not capable of posing any threat to Eritrea. This might have been true at some point in its existence. But I believe that Eritrean government realizes now that destabilizing Ethiopia will only bound to hurt it more and will not be in the best interest of the people and the government of Eritrea. Ethiopians are already angry that Eritrea seceded, and for it to go beyond that and try to destabilize Ethiopia will evoke greater anger that could justify conflict. It is wise for Eritrea to adjust to realties and work hard for peaceful co- existence which acknowledges mutual interests. Neither side should try to destabilize the other. Eritrea and Ethiopia can prosper in a peaceful co-existence with each other. Eritrea’s security can be guaranteed through a good relationship with a much stronger Ethiopia. The free movement between the two countries will further strengthen the unity of its people possibly leading to some sort of political union. Eritreans and Ethiopians can’t hide from the truth. No matter what is being written and being told, we are one people with common history, common enemies, common threats and interests.

Today, the issue is Woynne and not Eritrea. For Ethiopians as well as for Eritreans, Woyanne is a threat. Remove Woyanne and Ethiopians and Eritreans can breathe a sigh of relief and begin a new relationship based on mutual respect and working towards unifying the people. Assab is negotiable. Badme is negotiable. As President Isaias stated, “the sky is the limit.” Knowing how the Eritreans are straightforward and consistent in their words and deeds, there is no reason to suspect that his statement is one of a political gimmick.

A friend of mine sent me e mail on the issue:

I did not say that we should not engage — what I said is that our assessment of Eritrea’s intention should not be based on the assumption that the current leadership would like to see “a strong, united and democratic Ethiopia.” Their own history has evolved to the extent that an apparent state of paranoia has set in, and by all indications of their regional engagement in the region, we cannot escape this conclusion. However, it does not; by any means suggest that we should not engage them.

Why do we believe them? We don’t have to. Relationship with the Government of Eritrea for a common cause needs to be built, of course, in the framework of our fundamental interests outlined above. If they cannot translate their words in to deeds, they will be the losers, too. Ethiopians sooner or later will get rid of Woyanne and will come out stronger from this tragic political impasse. I am inclined to believe Eritreans because there is simply no option at this time except peaceful coexistence. The initial problem with the Eritrean elites was recognition. It seems now that most Ethiopians have taken this bitter pill and accepted that Eritrea is an independent state.

Woyanne cooperated in the drive for the independence Eritrea. But it now wants to manipulate Eritrea and make it surrender to its will. Woyanne cannot dupe the Ethiopians by false sense of patriotism over peripheral issues like Badme. Today, the issue is the survival of Ethiopia as we have known it and as it should be. Woyanne is destroying the fabrics of the Ethiopian society by bringing back a Bantustanisation policy from the junk yards of African history, by introducing ethnic politics and dividing people along ethnic lines, slicing our land and giving it away, unleashing poverty the kind that has not been seen in our history, arresting and torturing political opponents, perpetuating a dictatorship by a few Tigrean elite people from Adwa, Axum and Shire, facilitating the spread of fundamentalism and creating hostility with the Muslim world with whom we had a carefully crafted cordial relationship for decades. Woyanne has made Ethiopia technologically one of the most backward countries in the world. Certainly and unequivocally Ethiopia is in grave danger.

The history of Ethiopia has been about winners and leaders. It was so during the times of the monarchies, was so during the time of the Derg, and has been so now. Our genuine historians had to dig a lot to bring the truth out and popularize it. It has not been an easy task. Once again, Woyanne is rewriting history. Great weight must be given to the damage that will be caused on the younger generation if we allow this distortion to continue unabated. At some point, it might have served a purpose, but now that we are talking about the two people living and working together, we have to design a relationship between the people that will facilitate the truth to be told. The two people have been one and need to be one for more than one reason. With truth there will be no losers but winners. Our destinies are inextricably tied to each other. Those of us who have lived long enough know and understand the truth but the new generation is exposed to the history of denial. The truth will only make us stronger in pursuing our common interest. Emotions must subside and give way to pragmatism. We have to work very closely with our Eritrean brothers and sisters to get rid of Woyane and establish a new era of peaceful co existence, common prosperity that will lead to a reunion of our people. And this must start from the streets, the restaurants, the clubs, churches and various forums in Ethiopia, Eritrea, America, USA and Africa.

At one point, I was discussing with the leader of the EPLF, the current President of Eritrea, Isaias Afewerki. I asked him why instead of partitioning Ethiopia, he does not become the President of Ethiopia. He gave me some reason why this would not be possible but assured me “You can be certain Mr. Dawit, that if and when we get our independence, our priority will be to unite the people under some sort of federal arrangement.”

  1. Danu
    | #1

    Hey man,
    Stop your joke. You are a defeated old man. Yes TPLF was so firm on its stand and did not negotiate with individual coup leaders. It was EPLF that negotiated. So what does this shoe my old man?

  2. Kinfu
    | #2

    Dedeb woyane banda!Clearly this shows that woyanes are anti-Ethiopia, anti-unity, ethno-centerics and primitive shiftas who are out to loot our people. You have no perception of history and think only in terms of your daily ‘injera’. You will soon be thrown away to the dust bin of history. Ethiopians will rise like the mighty tide to get rid of woyanes and their evil legacy. Believe it or not this is going to happen very soon. Think of your fate before it is too late. Hope you got the message right.

  3. Ethiopia
    | #3

    Ethiopia,

    My starving son, Dawit Wolde Giorgis, your observation is great. You appear a wise defeated solider who had ambition for power. Now advising us to collaborate with the tyrant regime of Asmara; what a shame.

    By the way, I doubt it if you would had been any different than any of the Ethiopian regimes that came and went, if your coup had been successful.

    Anyhow, Keep up the good work, and keep writing what you know to keep informing us, your other famine stricken siblings.

    Best Regards,

  4. andnet
    | #4

    MR dawit do you think a dictator,corrupt,and killer can help ETHIOPIA if
    you say yes, thank you we have alredy one hwo dictate,steal and kill us.
    What we have to do is stand togather and unit getrid off woyane and bring
    a legitimate democratic ETHIOPIA.If we don’t do this and try to be tool
    of shaebiya it means we will go to the worst.What ever the shaebiyai leader says we ETHIOPIANS don’t trus you can have a look to …
    abugidainfo.com/?p=3123 and you will know them very well I know hwo you
    are but I doubt If you know them very well.

  5. andelenatu
    | #5

    my real concern realy is how relaiable is the ertrian government realy to support the struggle to remove the brutal TPLF ,WOYANE FROM ETHIOPIA.Because i have a reason why i say that since they say they will support the opposition is quite some time may be 3or 4 years if they realy support the opposition where is the sigin to belive that they are realy doing so,am afraid may be it is the other way means weakening the oppsition.

  6. Selaam
    | #6

    Selaam,

    this kind of mature, realistic and thoughtful approach will scare the tribal savages who operate in extereme ignorance, cruelty, irrationality and stagnant herd mentality— whatever their tag leader says reverberate all the way down to its followers who never know how to think, how to reason – etc. I wonder why GOD has wasted his time giving them a brain , Where in reality , what they need was a spinal marrow!. They trive on hate, conflict, division and virulent envy.
    The time has come for these goons to just vanish!

  7. ሕብረት
    | #7

    በመጀመሪያ: አቶ ዳዊት ወ/ጊዮርጊስ ስላቀረቡት ጽሑፍ ከፍ ያለ ምሥጋና ይገባቸዋል:: ለብዙ ዘመን ድምጻቸውን አጥፍተው: አሁን ብቅ ስላሉ ደስታ ተሰምቶኛል:: በሀሳባቸው አንደሚቀጥሉበት ተስፋ አደርጋለሁ::

    ሐገራችን ኢትዮጵያ ሰላምና ልማት ልታገኝ የምትችለው: ዲሞክራሲ በሰፈነበት ሥርዓት: ከጎረቤት ሐገሮች በተለይም ከኤርትራ: ከሶማሊያና ከጅቡቲ ጋር በሙሉ መከባበር መደጋገፍና በሕብረት መኖር ስትችል ነው:: በዚህ መሰረት አፍሪካ ቀንድ ያለው ሕዝብ በታሪኩ በባሕሉና በኢኮኖሚው የተሳሰረ ስለሆነ ከዘረኛነት የተላቀቀ አርቆ የሚያስብ አመራር ቢያገኝ በኮንፌዴሬሽንም ሆነ በፌዴሬሽን ሥልት አንድነትን አንደሚመርጥ ጥርጥር የለውም::

    ባሁኑ ጊዜ ግልጽ የሆነው ጉዳይ አስገንጣዮቹም (ወያኔዎች) ሆኑ ተገንጣዮቹ (ኢ.ፒ.ኤል.ኤፍ) አንዳልተሳካላቸው ተገንዝበውታል:: መገንጠሉ: ለኤርትራና ለኢትዮጵያ ስላምና ልማት ያስገኛል ተብሎ የነበረው በ100,000 ሰው አልቂትና በባስ ድሕነት ተተክቱዋል:: ሲንጋፖር ትሆናለች የተባለቺው ኤርትራ በጭቆናና በድሕነት አረንቁዋ ፍዳዋን አያየች ነው:: አንድ ኤርትራዊ ሲያጫውተኝ ዛሬ ኤርትራ ውስጥ ነጻ የሆነ ረፈረንደም ቢካሔድ ሕዝቡ ከኢትዮጵያ ጋር አንደገና ለመዋሐድ አንደሚመርጥ ምንም ጥርጥር አንደሌለ ነገረኝ::

    ስለዚህ ኤርትራውያንም ሆኑ ኢትዮጵያውያን ሱማሌዎችም ሆኑ የጅቡቲ ሰዎች አሁን ያሉትን ጨቁዋኝ ገዢዎች አሽቀንጥረው በመጣል ለአንድነታቸው ቢታገሉ የበለጠ ይጠቀማሉ:: በአፍሪካ ቀንድ ያለው ሰፊ ሐብት (አርሻው ውሀው ማአድኑና ወደቦቹ) ላለው 100 ሚሊዮን ሕዝብ ይቅርና ለሌላም ተትረፍርፎ ይበቃል::

    አርስ በርስ መናቆሩ የወያኔ ሰለባ ከመሆን ሌላ የሚያስገኘው ጥቅም የለም::

    ለበለጠ ዝርዝር http://www.hafrica.com ይመልከቱ::

  8. seifu
    | #8

    all ethiopian will win except few weyane carde.
    unity
    unity
    unity with our brothers eritrean
    http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/10213

  9. alula
    | #9

    http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/10213
    weyane TPLF will be put to death soon for next 200000 years
    We ethiopian must work with eritrean government to finish weyane virus
    Unity with our eritrean brothers
    Love & Unity killes weyane TPLF.
    Yeap

  10. Bizuayehu
    | #10

    This criminal derg official must first pay back what he stole from Ethiopians. Then he should be put on trial for his crimes during the red terror.

  11. FITHUM
    | #11

    To Hibret : you do not know as or you may you weyane. what ever kind of gevernement we have but not even we think to be whit Ethiopia for one minit. did you forget what mengestu and your master meles seitan did in our life first for 30 year and next now we are allmost 11 year. may you want to confiuze your ppl or you want cheat your self. as you said may becuse of your Ye Dedebit master we late to be like a Singapor but we eritrean are as you and your masters knows we belive in God and we will be morethan Singapor. Hibret Kenahe ende? this is weyanes beheveier to say like that so we are not serprize by your words. We have seen the last 30 years what kind of beheve weyane har and will have . We have seen weyane consficated our money and cars….etc so Aboy sebhat today he have over 100 milion dollar where he got ? is it not Ethiopians and Eritrian concificated money? Leba leba new AYGERMENEM LEMDENEWAL. so shut your SHETATA mouth. We Eritrean do not have hiden ajenda as you know we are not wait aid from any cuntry and person. we work and live stil. but you think like your master to colapes Eritrea becuse of war! We Eritreean we was and we are alive and we will live forever with God. thanks God for that he gave us a strong unit omong ppl and gevernement. and he gave our land Eritrea and fredom and a honest leader KIBUR AND LION OF NAKFA PR. ISAYAS AFEWERKI. LONG LIVE ERITREA AND ETHIOPIA. GOD BLESS ETHIOPIA AND ERITREA.

  12. mateos
    | #12

    Let the truth be told be it from x derg officials or the dead weyanes! the Eritrean people never hated Ethiopians with the exception those who were doing the killing, torturing, looting, lying, deceiting, and manupulating in the name of “Ethiopia”. Well–well–well…sounds familiar! yes indeed, now I’m changing my heart the culprits of all the evil deeds of Ethio-Eritreans people are not the dead weyanes but those who are living under a different name in Addis. The people of Ethio-Eritrea will finally realize that there is no enemity between all of them as long as they have a mutual respect and learn to co-exist ones the evil regine of Meles and his boss Bereket are eradicated from the face of the planet!

  13. amaniel bereket
    | #13

    mr. dawit. i remmember the time when u were “esepa teteri”representative of ethiopian workers representative in eritrea.it was the only peacefull time in eritrea. when u release all the prisoners who wants to live in peace.even ppl of asmara still remmembered u for that.all lot of eplf collaboraters in asmara took advantage ur call and gave themselfs up
    and live in peace. it was a good and the only chance for eritreans to accept ethiopia, but it did not work for the reason that u have mentioned in ur article.. i hope we will hear from u next time.

    any way, it is good to hear form u

  14. Mamo
    | #14

    Mr Dawit if my memory serve me right you stole money from our starving people most of whom were children and now you want the Ethiopian people to work with a monster like Esais for the good of Ethiopia? well i will tell you this,when our country gets its former glory which by the way trashed by you,woyane and your new friend Esais we will bring you for jutice.please do the Ethiopian people a favor shut up leave our beolved Ethiopia alone.

  15. Genanew
    | #15

    It is a history lesson writing and I have to admire Mr. Dawit for that.

    Having said that I don’t agree about the EPLF/Shabia position towards Ethiopia. Shabia has resources, possibilities and many other means to assist the anti woyane forces living in Eritrea in the name of one and united Ethiopia. But, Shabia/EPLF was/still is particularly against those forces fleeing Ethiopia to fight woyane in the name of united Ethiopia. While Shabia is supporting/organizing other groups fighting woynae in the name of Ethnicity each of them belongs to. Among the others OLF, ONLF and TPDF which is a new TPLF(Abraham Yayeh is a leader).

    So, Shabia/EPLF is serving TPLF to stay in power by being an anti Ethiopian forces that are fighting against woyane in the name of united and one Ethiopia.
    We are watching and waiting the shabia new approach towards the united Ethiopian forces such as EPPF giving them some support, freedom, right and so on in Eritrea. This is the only way believing Eritreans with their approach to the United Ethiopian forces and stopping identifying/organizing Ethiopians in the name of Ethnic. We don’t believe talk. We want to see their position in practice with their relationship with the Ethiopian people.

  16. ሰይፈ ገብረኤል
    | #16

    ጋሼ ዳዊት: በውነቱ በጥሩ ሁኔታ ያለውን ሃቅ አስቀምጠሀዋል:: የጊዜ ጉዳይ ነው: ጡት ነካሽ የሆነው ወያኔ ተጠራርጎ ሲጠፋ; ያኔ ብሩህ ተስፋ ይመጣል ብየ እገምታለሁ:: የግንቦት 7 እንቅስቃሴም ይህን እውን ለማድረግ ይመስለኛል ወያኔን የሚታገለው ኑ እንተባበር የሚልው:: ጋሼ ዳዊት እባክህ አትጥፋ ካንተ ብዙ የምንማረው አለን:: ከዚህ በታች ኮት የደግሁዋቸው ጽሁፎችህ ለብ ያለው ልብ ይበል ያሰኛሉ::

    አክባሪህ

    “Woyanne regime eventually gave away the independence without consulting the Ethiopian people, why should the Eritreans be blamed for it? Why should we create animosity with the Eritrean people?”

    “Eritreans and Ethiopians can’t hide from the truth. No matter what is being written and being told, we are one people with common history, common enemies, common threats and interests”.

  17. ahmed
    | #17

    MAY GOD BLESS ETHIOPIA if we join Eritreans,
    Woyannes have no where to hide! We will squeese them from every corner and grab them!
    http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/10213
    http://www.eastafro.com/Amharic/

  18. ገሞራው
    | #18

    @ahmed
    ውድ ዶክተር ኮለነል ዳዊት በቅድምያ የአክብሮት ሰላምታየን እያቀረብኩ ያቀረቡት ሃሳብና የረጅም ግዘ የሰራ ልምድ በቦታው የእርስዎን ያህል እንካን ባይሆን የ ውድ ሃገረን አንድነት ለመከላከል ከብዙ ሰህ ወገኖች ጋር ያልወታነው ጋራ ያላሰስነው መንደር የለም ብል ማጋነን አይሆንም ከአስመራ ዙርያ እስክ ናክፋ እላበረድ መለብሶ ከርክበት መሥሃሊት ማይ አሚዶ ምሥዋ ሌሎችም ብዙ ብዙ ይሀ ሁሉ እኔ እስከ ማውቀው ድረስ ለሃገር አንድነትና ለህዝቦችዋ እኩልነት ያለ ምንም ቅረታ እያንዳንዱ ሰራዊት መስዋዕት የከፈለበት ለመሆኑ የቁም ምስክር ነዎት ቀደም ብሎም ዪሁን በደርግ ሥር አት ሥህተቶች መሰራታችውን ለማንም ቢታወቅም በወቅቱ የ ተወሰደው እርማት በግለሰቦች ውሳነ እንጅ ህብረተሰቡን ያካተተ ባለ መሆኑ ሌላ ከጀርባ ሰራዊቱና ህዝቡ የማያውቀው አጀንዳ እንደ ነበረ እነሆ ዛረ በህዪወት ያለነው ልንገነዘበው በቅተናል ይህና የመሳሰሉ በታሪክ የሚያተያይቁ ሥህተቶች በሁሉም ጎራ ተከናውናል (ELF/EPLF/TPLF) እናም ዛረ የETHIOPIA እና የ ERITIRIA ህዝብ እነዚህን ዛረም የዛረ 18 ዓመት ክበረሃ የገቡበትን የደደቢትና የናክፋን ህግ ተመርኩዘው በህዝባችን ላይ ባለበት እየሂዱበት እንዳሉ እራሳችው በብዙ አጋታሚዎች እያፊዙ ነግረውናል ለህዝባችን ወያነና ሻዕብያ የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ፊቶች ለመሆናችው በሁለቱም ወገን ያለው አሳፋሪ የእለት ተእለት ኑሮ ምስክር ሁኖ ሳለ ለምን ሻዕብያ ለራሱ ብቻ ሃገረና ህዝበ ብሎ የያዘውን የኢርትራውያን መብት (ስንገባ ወደዱን ስንመራቸው ተሉን በመቸረሻም ለመዱን) ላለና የወደፊት እቅዱ ካለፈው ተግባሩ ምን እንደሚመሥል የትናንት ትዝታየ በመሆኑ ሁኔታዎችን በርጋታ ብናብላላና ህዝባችንን በተለያዩ መድረኮች ቢመክርበት መልካም ነው እያልኩ ሃሳባችሁንና አመለካከታችሁን የምትልኩ ወገኖቸ ሆይ በዚህ መድረክ መማማር ብንችል መልካም ልምድ ዪሆነናል

  19. Read Kibra Negast
    | #19

    There is the book from online
    http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/kn/kn000-0.htm
    None of them will be kings according to it.

  20. Melese
    | #20

    Major Dawit. You wrote a verygood one, but I think you are too late. For get those Bandas.As you say I agree with you that the issue is Woyane not Erteria.Woyane is the Enmy of the Ethiopian people. Melese and his colegus has to face ICC .So Major Dawit is the right person, please keep it up. We Ethiopians PLEASE PLEASE Stop bitting each other like Somalians. Did you Somalians 18 years with Government. Is our history seems like this?Everbody insulting each other like Mirchaw, wzro Negesti(Hager Fiker) etc… Why??? why we insulting each other/ourseleves? Shame…Shame.
    …Dait keep it up, good job

  21. Aden1
    | #21

    I hope people’s comments refrain from confusion, that we hate such and such, and therefore, you belong in the same pot.
    ——-
    Amaniel Bereket:
    what is needed is more people like you from every direction to post theirs, families and countries experience.
    ———–
    People who keep accessing exploitation of relief money with out supported evidence, it sounds like you are using it as a tool to add fuel to fire, there by cause hatred.

  22. Aden1
    | #22

    correction: accusing (last comment)

  23. Mola
    | #23

    እንደ ኢርትራው ኢትዮጵያን የሚጠላ ዜጋ የለም በአሁኑ ጊዜ ስለዚህ እባካችሁ መልካም ነገር ከነሱ አትጠብቁ.
    ኢህዴግን ማውረድ ከፈለግን እራሳችንን ችለን እንታገል.
    ኢትዮጵያውያን በራሳቸው የሚተማመኑ ቆራጥ ዜጎች ናቸው/ነን.
    እባካችሁ ኤርትራውያንን እንተዋቸው የራሳቸው ብዙ ችግር አለባቸው እንኩዋን እኛን ሊረዱን

    እግዚአብሔር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ

  24. Bemnet
    | #24

    When I read articles and comments posted in Abugida info. I feel like going through ER #2. Abugida info has become by extension Elias Kiflom’s ER #2. Only those who advocate for Geemboat-7 and Shaabia are allowed to write what ever they would like to say. Others automatically excluded. Censorship much worse than what Abugida he wizo tells us Meles being a dictator, fasicist, butcher what have you! Now that you guys give bravado for a CIA agent who cooperated in dismantling Ethiopia by joining hands with Shaabia in East Berlin, I pitty you as you know little of what you are doing. Good luck luls!

  25. Dawit Weldegiorgis
    | #25

    Hey Mr. Weldegiorgis,

    You tricked us. No body, all these years you were on the othe side of the fence. To me, I would prefer that you always stayed with the Derg, the lesser evil. Now you went to bed with Isayas Afeworki, this is a double betrayal.

    Later,
    Ethiopian

  26. Hafashi
    | #26

    Wodi Wolde Georgis,

    Thanks for the nice article. The Ethiopians have their thinking head always in Eritrea. They can only eat raw meat, drink Tej and dance. We Eritrean people should lead them as always. They ar good for nothing.

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