The Ethiopian ‘Spike Lee’ – By LAURE WYBIE (THE JERUSALEM POST )

July 2nd, 2009 Print Print Email Email

Thirty years – officially – after the first Ethiopian Jews set foot on Israeli soil, the first Israeli film about the Ethiopian community of the Holy Land is being released in theaters on Thursday. (more…)

Thirty years – officially – after the first Ethiopian Jews set foot on Israeli soil, the first Israeli film about the Ethiopian community of the Holy Land is being released in theaters on Thursday.

Filmmaker Shmuel Beru, who made aliya from Ethiopia at the age of eight, hopes to show Israeli audiences the richness of his community with Zrubavel, his first full-length feature film.

Even after three decades, all that most Israelis know about this population of more than 110,000 is what they read in newspaper reports: problems of integration, juvenile delinquency, domestic violence – or, more rarely, one successful Ethiopian immigrant who becomes a doctor, a pilot or a famous singer or actor. But what do we really know about the Ethiopian Jews of Israel – their values, their traditions, their language, their music, their food, their dreams, their problems and how they deal with them, their feelings?

These are the questions that Beru, 33, who started as an actor, wanted to answer by getting behind the camera.

In Tel-Aviv’s Kerem Hateimanim neighborhood, a two-minute walk from Rehov Zrubavel, where he lives, Beru agreed to talk to The Jerusalem Post about this original project.

The idea came to him two years ago, he says. “I thought that in my community, there were a lot of stories to tell that others are not exposed to. So I decided to make a movie to relate them, thinking that if I don’t do it, nobody will do it for me.”

BERU PRESENTS a picture, sometimes happy, sometimes sad, of a group of residents in an entirely Ethiopian neighborhood. All the generations are represented, from the patriarch of the Zrubavel family – a colonel in Ethiopia, now a street sweeper in Israel – to his eight-year-old, Israeli-born grandson Yitzhak – alias “Spike Lee” – whose dream is to make movies.

Through the eyes of the latter, Beru – who arrived from Ethiopia via Sudan one year before Operation Moses in 1984 – tells the story of Yitzhak’s aunt, Almaz, the “most beautiful girl in the neighborhood.” A talented singer, Almaz wants to marry a distant cousin, despite her father’s injunction to respect the traditional rule of not marrying a relative within seven generations. Meanwhile, Almaz’s brother Gili, pushed by his father, tries despite racism to enter a selective school to become an IAF pilot, as Yitzhak’s parents fight over whether their son will enter a yeshiva or become a soccer player.

“My goal was to show that behind color and culture, there are human beings,” says Beru. “I wanted to create an opportunity to see us [Israeli Ethiopians] in a different way than people are used to, to go further than what the news released about us, to make people realize that we are not different from others.

“‘It doesn’t matter where you come from, you are just a person’ – this is the main point of my movie, and it is not only true for Ethiopians. Zrubavel tries to talk about integration in general, and its message can be applied to every other community.”

Although he had never directed before, Beru was undeterred.

“My theory is, if you want to do it, just do it. I need a script? So I wrote a script. I need actors? So I found actors. I need money? Okay, I don’t have money. I need to raise it. I presented my project to a few producers. I got only negative answers. So I invest my own money to direct a pilot. And I win the support of the Israel Film Fund and the Gesher Foundation. And I started.”

DESPITE LIVING in Israel for 25 years, Beru says he still feels “different.”

“I still feel I am not judged just as a person, but regarding my origins, my color,” he explains. “People like to divide other people into groups. I don’t know why, maybe it’s easier for them to say, ‘You, you are from outside, you are a foreigner, you just came to visit.’ And this is what is exposed in the movie. This neighborhood [in the film] is like a ghetto, not connected to the other groups of society, to the rest of the world, and it affects its residents.”

One of the issues Beru addresses in the movie is the gap between the older and younger generations in the community.

“For the youth, it’s hard because they feel half-half – on the one hand, they want to be like Israelis, and on the other, they want to be like Ethiopians. And it is difficult for them to find a good balance, to mix. Especially when they have to face the reaction of their parents, themselves in a struggle to deal with a new culture and lifestyle very different from their old one,” he says.

Beru also shows “a typical Israeli family” trying to contribute to their country.

“The father is very Zionist. [He] wants his son, Gili, to defend his country, even though he already lost another son in the army. He wants him to be a pilot and to be recognized as a part of society,” he says.

Beru admits that the character of Yitzhak, the young filmmaker, could be a reflection of himself, although he hadn’t planned it that way.

“Yitzhak is just a naïve little boy who wants to do a movie, very simple, with his handmade camera,” he explains, adding, “In this business, everyone wants to be Spike Lee and wants to be a voice for their own community.”

Beru’s next film project is a personal account of his own experiences coming to Israel.

“It will talk about my life, about my journey from Ethiopia to Israel via Sudan. I already have a script,” he says. “Now I look for funds to start; it will be huge production.”

  1. Aden1(Ethiopian)
    | #1

    Best Wishes. I think this is the same actor who was interviewed in US/Howard U TV?
    Bravo! Some one needs to tell the story. The bottom line is, no matter how industrious, commited to hard work and education Jews are on top of their past dilemma, European Jews are tricky when it comes to their balance of discrimination. Yes, their is hierarchy of order and discriminated, even while they take their Judaism seriously.
    Stay strong and keep it up. Try to have enough exposure to Ethiopian public every where as well. Eventually, nothing like home and your origin.
    Good Luck

  2. Sami
    | #2

    We Ethiopians are every where in the world these days. Wherever we go we don’t forget our country. I am optimistic that we will have a real democratic and united Ethiopia soon and we all will go back home.

    God bless Ethiopia and Ethiopians all over the world.

  3. Sisay
    | #3

    “despite her father’s injunction to respect the traditional rule of not marrying a relative within seven generations.”

    This is the way it goes in Ethiopia. My fore parents married this way and it continues in our generation, too.

    Good Job. Let the bad and negatives talking bad and negative. Show them who really you are in practice.

    Our beloved Ethiopian Israelis;

    The Israeli govt and well-informed citizens know very well how Ethiopia is important for Israel in the short and mainly long term Israeli Securities/existence. Not only her strategic location but also mainly because of her Fresh Water wealth which is the life line of the Entire Egyptian existence, Ethiopia continuing being the best ally to the west and other interested international communities. This will be revived again and get closer and warmer when Ethiopia gets the Ethiopian people govt that would happen soon after Woyane is cleaned from our nation surface.

    Depending on the season, 86- 95% of the Entire Egyptians fresh water consumption (drinking, washing, Agriculture, Animals, plants, building and so on) is coming from Ethiopia. Beles/Atbara River from Gonder its sources is in the place where the vast majority of the Ethiopian Israelis are from is contributing its share, too..

    Egypt is the biggest/influential Arab nation. Its existence is 100% based on the Nile which is the Ethiopian water/your water. We know the Egyptians are very deeply worry on daily basses and they are secretly making deals with Israel/west because of fear Israel might involve with Ethiopia diverting/using the Nile to hurt Egypt that are secretly supporting and giving a boosting feeling to the Anti Israeli forces. Their fear about the Nile is the only/first/always life time one they have which every Egyptians is living with for generations. It will go nowhere. It will remain even worst than up to now as long as Egypt wants to live. It is much worst and huge than how some Israelis are because of the Arabs hostility against them.

    Israel also wants to live in her ancestry land. There fore Israeli will use the Ethiopian/your water case to make her security guarantee deal with the Arabs. That means Ethiopia/you are serving Israel this way too with the conflict she has with the Arabs. If up to 95% Egypt Nile water is not from Ethiopia, if Ethiopia and Israel have no very old and good relationship and if the bête Israelis are not from Ethiopia, I’m certain, Egypt attitude towards Israel would be 180 degree different which is too hostile and visible.

    So, be proud with yourself. With your origin. Your Language, culture, history and so on. Don’t lose close/warm contact with Ethiopia. You have now to mothers. However Ethiopia has/will continue having unconditional love for you. As I was born and grown up the same place doing the same thing with the Bete Israelis, there was/is no any different between us. There was/is no any form of discrimination at all. We were/are still one and the same.

    Hearing/reading the Bete Israelis were discriminated in Ethiopia is not right. It is a total lie and baseless making the people of Gonder, Gojam and the rest very upset. Remember, there are many thousands/even millions saying are bête Israelis, but living in Ethiopia. They love Ethiopia to death and they will go nowhere. Yet, they are thinking of you a lot. Hearing you are doing good is giving them/Ethiopians good feeling. While hearing something bad is going on against you is giving them bad feelings.

    Teach your children your language, culture, History, Tradition and tell them how they are beautiful as the world know we Ethiopians are the handsome and beautiful people. Don’t doubt a second; Ethiopia will be soon, the best place to live, work and make a living because of hard work. Thanks to the excess amount of fresh/rain water in the Highlands and nice weather/ not hot not cold / throughout the year. Ethiopia will revive again her old glory. We just need good governors and leadership. Everything is there gift from God. No Snow no sand. The land is naturally green and higher than any Africa places as 82% the African highlands is in Ethiopia which is the reason giving us huge Tropical rain falls 4.5-5.5 months a year and nice weather.

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