Ethiopia under Zenawi named 2nd poorest country in the world

August 12th, 2010 Print Print Email Email

Jimma Times Report August 12, 2010

According to a new index developed by Oxford University and the UN, Ethiopia under Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is ranked the second poorest country on earth.

The new measurement known as the Multidimensional Poverty Index, or MPI, will replace the Human Poverty Index in the United Nations’ annual Human Development Report. The new report says Ethiopia has the second highest percentage of people who are MPI poor in the world, with only the west African nation of Niger fairing worse. This comes as more international analysts have also begun to question the accuracy of the Meles government’s double-digit economic growth claims and similar disputed government statistics referred by institutions like the IMF.

In 2009, the percentage of Ethiopians who are in chronic need of food aid tripled to nearly 20 percent of the population compared to 1990 when the country was ruled by the pro-Soviet communist government of Mengistu Haile Mariam. Despite the reportedly worsening economic and political situation in a country where the top opposition leader Judge Birtukan Mideksa remains in prison, the Zenawi government continues to receive billions in aid from the US and other western nations.

10 POOREST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD

1.Niger
2.Ethiopia
3.Mali
4.Burkina Faso
5.Burundi
6.Somalia
7.Central African Republic
8.Liberia
9.Guinea
10.Sierra Leone

Multidimensional Poverty Index

OPHI and the UNDP Human Development Report launch the Multidimensional Poverty Index or MPI – an innovative new measure that gives a vivid “multidimensional” picture of people living in poverty. The MPI will be featured in the 20th Anniversary edition of the UNDP Human Development Report and complements income by reflecting a range of deprivations that afflict a person’s life at the same time. The measure assesses the nature and intensity of poverty at the individual level in education, health outcomes, and standard of living. OPHI has just concluded a first ever estimate and analysis of global multidimensional poverty across 104 developing countries, and is releasing these results in advance of the Report’s October publication.

What is the MPI?
The lives of people living in poverty are affected by more than just their income. The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) complements a traditional focus on income to reflect the deprivations that a poor person faces all at once with respect to education, health and living standard. It assesses poverty at the individual level, with poor persons being those who are multiply deprived, and the extent of their poverty being measured by the range of their deprivations.

The MPI can be used to create a vivid picture of people living in poverty, both across countries, regions and the world and within countries by ethnic group, urban/rural location, or other key household characteristics. It is the first international measure of its kind, and offers an essential complement to income poverty measures because it measures deprivations directly. The MPI can be used as an analytical tool to identify the most vulnerable people, show aspects in which they are deprived and help to reveal the interconnections among deprivations. This enables policy makers to target resources and design policies more effectively. Other dimensions of interest, such as work, safety, and empowerment, could be incorporated into the MPI in the future as data become available.

The MPI reports acute poverty for 104 developing countries, which are home to 78% of the world’s people.

What does the MPI measure?
The MPI uses 10 indicators to measure three critical dimensions of poverty at the household level: education, health and living standard in 104 developing countries. These directly measured deprivations in health and educational outcomes as well as key services such as water, sanitation, and electricity reveal not only how many people are poor but also the composition of their poverty. The MPI also reflects the intensity of poverty – the sum of weighted deprivations that each household faces at the same time. A person who is deprived in 70% of the indicators is clearly worse off than someone who is deprived in 40% of the indicators.

Why is the MPI useful?
The MPI is a high resolution lens on poverty – it shows the nature of poverty better than income alone. Knowing not just who is poor but how they are poor is essential for effective human development programs and policies. This straightforward yet rigorous index allows governments and other policymakers to understand the various sources of poverty for a region, population group, or nation and target their human development plans accordingly. The index can also be used to show shifts in the composition of poverty over time so that progress, or the lack of it, can be monitored.

The MPI goes beyond previous international measures of poverty to:

•Show all the deprivations that impact someone’s life at the same time – so it can inform a holistic response.
•Identify the poorest people. Such information is vital to target people living in poverty so they benefit from key interventions.
•Show which deprivations are most common in different regions and among different groups, so that resources can be allocated and policies designed to address their particular needs.
•Reflect the results of effective policy interventions quickly. Because the MPI measures outcomes directly, it will immediately reflect changes such as school enrolment, whereas it can take time for this to affect income.
•Integrate many different aspects of poverty related to the MDGs into a single measure, reflecting interconnections among deprivations and helping to identify poverty traps.
MPI Interactive map

Source: Jimma Times

  1. fish
    | #1

    Congratulation to our bright leader Melese Zenawi. Who bring to us a double digit growth and now he is hallucinating about food aid independence with in 5 years. This guy is out of touch with the reality.

  2. qesto
    | #2

    How is MPI different from HDI(Human Dvelopmen Index) Internationally accepted system of indexing development and poverity levels?
    I think this study is baised.Ofcource Ethiopia is a poor country and being hit by ciclical draught,I believe it can not be 2nd from the last.
    Guys, there are things which we have to be aware of;This study might have been directed towards one or another mission.The indicators are not even shown,just only naratives are misleading.Try to analyse for your selaf and use your own common sense to accept or reject such sources of information.

  3. hailu
    | #3

    it is sad that zenawi has brought such misery to our country
    shame!

  4. mateos
    | #4

    What do you expect when aiga jungle constitution economic planning are take all over Ethiopia! What do you expect when Ethiopia and Ethiopians are being led by Abebe/Legesse/Meles/Matza, his boss Mebrahtu Gebrihiwot (aka Bereket Simon), all evil/non evil ngo organizations, finally what do expect when the whole Ethiopia is heading back to the feature. People please do not wonder as to the evil mission of Abebe/Legesse/Melese/Matza amd jos boss toward Ethiopia and Ethiopians; if they are not stopped today the feature of Ethiopia might be another aiga jungle.

  5. Assta B. Gettu
    | #5

    As the spiritual growth of the Ethiopian people is deteriorating, so is the country’s economic development, so is the people’s trust in their government, and so is the leadership of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church on its members.

    After the death of Emperor Haile Selassie, we do not know for sure what the Ethiopian people are? Are they Christians? Are they Muslims? Are they Jews? When most Ethiopians were Christians, they were happy, prosperous, free, healthy, humorous, spiritual, loyal to their country, dependent on their creator, and very productive in their daily works.

    As it has always been the case, in every country where Muslims are in great number, there is always poverty, disease, illiteracy, political unrest, economic stagnation, and lack of progress in modern technology. This is what we can expect from the teachings of Ethiopian Mullahs, Imams, Fukras, and Sheks. Forty-million Ethiopian Muslims are taking Ethiopia back to the Stone Age. Here we have Al Amoudi, a Muslim bilinear, up on the mountain, and down at the bottom, we have millions of Ethiopians, struggling to survive, struggling to raise their children. In this critical economic disaster in Ethiopia, if a Christian woman has five children, only one or two of her five children may survive. On the other hand, if a Muslim woman has ten children, all ten of them will survive because of the aid their mother gets from the Saudi government, and the number of the Ethiopian Muslims will double every day, and the more Muslims we have in our country, the more ignorant, backward, poor, and uneducated we will be.

    Meles Seitanawi (Zenawi), the modern day flamboyant deceiver, promises his people that by 2015, there will be no hunger in Ethiopia; he doesn’t know within five years how many new babies will be born: he thinks the Ethiopian population will stay at 80 million for five years. At least, within five years, the number of forty million Ethiopian Muslims will be more than fifty millions, and the number of the Ethiopian Christians will be, perhaps, about forty-five millions. So, how is he going to feed ninety-five million Ethiopians or more?

  6. Drama
    | #6

    THE ONLY GOOD THING ETHIOPIA HAS AT THIS MOMENT IS THE DOLLARS THAT ARE FLOWING FROM THE DIASPORA TO HELP THEIR FAMILY. IF YOU PULL OUT FOREIGN AID AND THE SUPPLY OF MONEY FROM THE DIASPORA , MELES WILL BE IN A HUGE PROBLEM.

  7. yibka
    | #7

    I am not happy with the comments by Assta B.Gettu. Don’t u think that this is a biased comment? Telling that in a country where Muslims are large in number there is always poverty, disease, illiteracy, political unrest, economic stagnation, and lack of progress in modern technology. I feel this is diverting Ethiopian attention to religious issues. For me this is to provoke Muslim Ethiopian to start to react to it differently so that instead of our major issue we end up our discussion with some thing else.

  8. Kane
    | #8

    One thing is not sitting well with me. No matter how poor Ethiopia could be, whether it be in HDI or MPI or any measure of index for that matter, it can’t, I repeat it can’t be that Ethiopia is any poorer than the nation of Somalia which doesn’t even have a functioning government for the last twenty yrears. Nor can it be any poorer than the former Ethiopian province Eritrea whose authoritarian government is suffocating its population and leading it towards demise.

    Having said that, the argument that Meles repeatedly exaggerating the annual growth of Ethiopia is not lost on me. But, people, try to be logical and objective. You can’t claim or support the claim that Ethiopia is worse of Somalia just because Meles’s and IMF’s erroneous and exaggerated reportin of the annual growth of the country.

    I know the temptation is always there to try to discredit Meles at any opportunity available, but this is much bigger than one dictator. this is about our beloved nation, Ethiopia. And, when something that sounds far fetched is told by anyone or any institution, it doesn’t matter what the source is (whether it comes under the disguise of sympathatic western country or unbaised institution or the outright lie of the dictator), we should all stand up and defend the truth. And the truth is no matter the scale of measurement Ethiopia could not be worse than some of the nations listed avove. And this so called new and iproved index is nothing but a lie. And, to perpetuate this lie is a diservice to our nation and to our people.

  9. sada
    | #9

    we should be number one cuse that is our heritage ranking number one in everything!!

  10. kitcho
    | #10

    I do not really know what the big deal is about. As anyone knows, meles and his family are the richest people of all national leaders stashing away in foreign banks a reported $1. 2 billion dollar, aside from the exporting sale of babies, and the land grant to the various foreigner his selling of land for the asking and all the kick back from foreign aids he is getting plus the private company of the Tigtrins EFROT. Has anyone expected this poisonous group of killer ever to give a damn. Now he is eying how he is going to make money from the situation of Nile. As far as, him and his gangs are concerned, it does not matter what happens to the country or its people as long as they leave in lavish. Beside, his child is attending Oxford University all paid, thank to the people of Ethiopia.

  11. Anonymous
    | #11

    በጣም ያሳዝናል! ሃገሬ ወድቃ በማየቴ አዝኛለሁ :( take off all the money the leaders have !

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