More talks on the Land Grab by Ephrem Madeb

January 4th, 2011 Print Print Email Email

Given Ethiopia’s acute poverty status, its dependency on food aid, and the ever changing global economic context; there is no doubt that Ethiopia’s agricultural sector must change fundamentally, (more…)

Given Ethiopia’s acute poverty status, its dependency on food aid, and the ever changing global economic context; there is no doubt that Ethiopia’s agricultural sector must change fundamentally, and there is no question that such a fundamental change requires sizable investment. Poor countries like Ethiopia are faced with a seemingly intractable dilemma – they have an urgent need of transforming their agrarian economy, but they are incapable of raising the necessary amount of capital. Hence, it is this fiscal constraint that has forced Ethiopia and many other developing countries to look for outside sources of capital. Obviously, capital is not free; therefore, the question here is what should developing countries like Ethiopia give in return for capital and how should they negotiate with the international power houses of capital?

Over the past two years, the unprecedented large-scale acquisition of farmland in developing countries has created national bitterness in the countries where land is grabbed, and curiosity and perplexity around the world. Internally neglected lands that had little or no outside interest until recently, are now attracting populace nations like China and India, emerging economies like Indonesia and Malaysia, and rich countries like Saudi and Qatar. This new phenomena is quickly changing the hitherto “North-South” order into the new “Rich-Poor” relationship. This economically and politically sensitive episode has the potential to create lingering social and political crisis in many developing countries because land is so central to identity, livelihoods, and food security. Hence, it is not a coincidence that a new catch- phrase – “Land Grab” is coined to describe the current global outburst of farmland transactions that involve the production and sale of food items, biofuels, and minerals.

Today, land grab is a global occurrence; however, though the impacts of the global land deals have yet to be understood, the actual transaction of land grab affects the global south than any other zone. Despite the fact that the reactions sharply differ, governments, farming communities, transnational corporations, civic groups, and investment banks around the world have all reacted to the land grab. Evidently, huge investments associated with the land grab are sparking expectations and uncertainties among the affected communities. Some believe the deals can transform agricultural communities by boosting farm productivity. Yet, many others worry that land acquisitions are major threats to the lives and livelihoods of the rural poor who lack organization, information, and political voice.

Is it land sale or “Land Grab”?

As stated above, land grab is a global phenomenon, but the answer to the above question will be more realistic if individual land deals are assessed in the economic and political context of each country involved in the selling aspect of the transaction. If we consider Ethiopia, the land deal between the TPLF regime and the foreign buyers is definitely a “Land Grab” because the land is sold or leased for an extremely low price and the deals are negotiated behind closed doors.

Generally, when global land deals are negotiated in the interest of host countries, benefits from foreign land investment come in the form of technology transfer, employment creation, human capital development, infrastructure development, higher state revenues, and rural development – but in Ethiopia these commitments tend to lack teeth in the overall structure of documented land deals because:

A-There is a lopsided power relationship between the investing countries and the Ethiopian regime. Hence, as a food aid recipient nation, Ethiopia is not in a position to refuse any kind of investment deal.

B-The Ethiopian regime is in conflict with its own people, within itself, and with its neighbors; therefore, it is a very weak negotiator.

C-Smallholders who are being displaced from their land cannot effectively negotiate terms favorable to them when dealing with countries like India and China, nor can they enforce agreements if these countries fail to provide promised jobs or local facilities.

D-The objective of land buyers is not reconciled with the investment needs of Ethiopia, i.e. land investment is triggered by external demand to meet the food and energy supply of external markets (a new phenomenon known as agrarian colonialism).

E-Virgin lands in Ethiopia are sold for a mere fraction of the price they are worth and only God knows where the proceeds from the land sale go. Besides, domestic laws, rules, and regulations are modified to attract investment and investors are allowed to enjoy extended tax holidays.

F-Ethiopia lacks a clear and consistent national land use and foreign investment policies; it also lacks strict compliance rules for investors

What is the driving force behind the land grab?

Until recently, as recently as 2002, there weren’t that many governments or private companies rushing to acquire land in developing countries. No more! Global economic relations are changing for good – the recent unprecedented rush to virgin African lands by private investors, foreign governments, and transnational corporations has dwarfed the 1849 California Gold Rush. Towards the end of the 1840s, when the Europeans, the South Americans, the Australians, and the Chinese rushed to California, they all had gold in their mind; but the modern day “Forty-niners” see beyond or more than gold.

Some countries such Saudi, Bahrain, and Qatar have severe shortage of land and water and are highly dependent on food imports; therefore, for these countries overseas land acquisition is the major part of their national food security strategy. On the other side, populace countries like India, China, and South Korea are seeking opportunities to produce food overseas to mitigate their food security risk & concerns. Other factors that influence land investments include the production of biofuel and other cash crops. According to factors enumerated above, it is neither the domestic need for investment capital nor the excess land supply [as claimed by the regime] that triggered demand for Ethiopia’s rural land. The demand for Ethiopia’s land is created by global food and energy insecurity.

Each and every large scale land deal in developing countries is not explained by food security concerns; in fact, a good part of the land deal is driven by investment opportunities. In the last five years, rising agricultural commodity prices have made the rate of return in agriculture very attractive, and the high return rates in turn have made the acquisition of land for agro-production an increasingly attractive option. Moreover, relaxed regulatory, environmental, and tax laws in many developing countries [including Ethiopia] have improved the attractiveness of agricultural investment. As a result, many companies traditionally involved in agro- processing are now entering direct production by buying/leasing land in developing countries.

Are foreigners grabbing idle land in Ethiopia?

The regime in Ethiopia has repeatedly claimed that the land it is leasing for foreigners is unoccupied idle land; and in many instances, the regime has also justified its massive land sale on the basis that the land being acquired by foreigners is “unproductive” or “underutilized”. A legitimate question here is – how do we define an “idle” land? Is ‘idle” an assessment of land productivity, or non-existence of resource use? Be it for the purpose of animal grazing, hunting, or gathering wood for construction and energy, there is always some form of land use in rural communities. Well, since there is no monetary value attached to some types of rural land uses, it is true that such types of land activities are undervalued in official income or tax assessments, sending the wrong message to hasty government officials who think the land as idle or unused. But, land is always a valuable livelihood source to rural communities. Therefore, despite the government’s claim that it is leasing idle land, the current large scale foreign land acquisition in Ethiopia may further jeopardize the welfare of the poor farmers by depriving them of the safety-net function that this type of land and water use fulfills.

In a country like Ethiopia where farmers have very limited access to the legal and credit institutions, and where farmers are marginalized from formal land rights and existing land uses; official statements that claim ample, idle, or unoccupied land are totally immature. In fact, such faulty claims emanate from the regime’s strong determination to execute secretive political decisions that have less to do with the economic realities of rural communities in Ethiopia. Therefore, the argument of the Ethiopian government that asserts “we have ample land” must never be considered as a worthwhile assertion.

Ethiopia is the second most populace black country on earth and has the 9th fast growing population in the world. Whether the regime in Ethiopia acknowledges it is or not, Ethiopia is stumbled with a conflicting economic reality of a rapidly growing population and constant land quantity. Unlike the regime’s hollow claim of “Ample Land”, per capita land distribution in Ethiopia will significantly shrink as the size of the population increases. In fact, future problems of land shortage in Ethiopia are far more severe than said here. The current Ethiopian population is projected to be slightly more than double in just 39 years [2050]. This growing population needs habitat, food, healthcare, education, transport, communication and recreation services; and all of these services need land. So where is this land coming when Ethiopia’s population count reaches 200 million and beyond? No matter how efficient our economy becomes and no matter how productive our work force will be, we must be very careful in our land usage; and our current land usage must take into account future generations.

Looking Forward

I don’t think there is a human being in Ethiopia, who is against economic development; and on the flip side, overseas farmland investment is not bad by itself. However, investments with such far reaching national consequences need to find win-win solutions; but no win-win solution can be reached when the land deals ignore the voice of the very farmers whose livelihood it is supposed to change. In Ethiopia, resentments over land grab have already started claiming lives. The TPLF regime that takes killing as the only method of conflict resolution has already killed 10 protesting ethnic Anuak farmers and has sent thousands more to concentration camps.

The Ethiopian population grows annually, and as the population grows real per capita farmlands continue to shrink across Ethiopia. The 2008 Central Statistics Agency report shows that over thirteen million small farmers open up over a million hectares of virgin land every year. Obviously, Ethiopia needs foreign investment to revolutionize its agricultural sector; but any effort to transform its agriculture must start from within making poor peasants the center of the transformation.

The current culture of secrecy that surrounds agricultural land deals in Ethiopia raises concerns over the conduct of the government in protecting the interest of poor peasants. Furthermore, the lack of transparency undermines government accountability and increases the opportunities for corruption and other inappropriate acts that the TPLF regime is known for. If the regime in Ethiopia is honest in what it is doing, the process of transforming Ethiopia’s agriculture must go hand in hand with the following very important preconditions:

A-The farming community that uses the land must be highly motivated to use it well, and since nothing motivates farmers than owning land, farmers must be allowed to own land.

B-Develop a clear and consistent national land use policies and strict compliance rules for investors

C-Create rural micro lending institutions. To transform the agricultural sector, trust local farmers, not foreigners

D-Make sure that the government, the civil society, and the media have the right tools in place to ensure that foreign investments improve productivity and increase rural standard of living [not cause harm]

E-Take advantage of the overseas investment opportunities, but make sure that foreign investors are not the driving forces of the government’s development strategy

F-Respect existing land rights, including customary property rights. Involve civic societies and farming communities in land deal negotiations and makes the negotiations are transparent

G-Consider ecological consequences and Environmental problems of large-scale agriculture in every land deal negotiation

H-Compensate displaced framers with comparable and enough funds that make the new beginning enjoyable

Finally, let’s all keep in mind what Mark Twain said: “Buy land, they don’t make it anymore”. Yes, the prudent quote says “buy”, not sell. Let’s do things wisely and responsibly, and let’s not sell our land for everybody that comes with a bag of money. In Ethiopia, land has ancestral value and it is the great connector of lives, it is the source wealth, pride, and destination to all. Our laws change and we the people die, but the land remains – Lets not tamper with this law of eternity.

ebini23@yahoo.com

References
Lorenzo Cotula, Sonja Vermeulen, Rebeca Leonard and James Keeley, Land Grab or development opportunity? Agricultural Investment and international land deals in Africa

Joachim von Braun and Ruth Meinzen-Dick, “Land Grabbing” by Foreign Investors in Developing

Countries: Risks and Opportunities

Ernest Aryeetey, African Land Grabbing: Whose Interests Are Served?

Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Necessary Nuance: Toward a Code of Conduct in Foreign Land Deals

  1. Truth
    | #1

    Mr Madeb,

    Ethiopia is not a long term project for TPLF. TPLF sold Eritrea and Aseb to gain power in Addis. This treacherous act in the name of Tigray will have a long lasting impact for generations to come specially for Tigray children. TPLF intends to be the last ruler of Ethiopian empire. The new geopolitical map of Ethiopia is designed for that purpose. Whether Gambella is sold or not, it doesn’t mean much for future Tigray in Weyanites’ mind.

    I don’t know why our intellectuals are wasting time in depth analysis of TPLF regime’s policy as if it is Ethiopian regime with good intent for Ethiopian well being.

  2. Drama
    | #2

    THE PROBLEM OF THE ETHIOPIAN FARMER IS MUCH MORE THAN JUST RAISING CAPITAL. THE LAND ITSELF IS ONLY ON LEASE. WHEN MICROMANAGING, THERE IS A LOT OF ISSUES THAT COME ALONG WITH LEASING. OTHER MAJOR HURDLE IS THE NON-EXISTENT FREEDOM FOR SOCIAL & POLITICAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP ACTIVITY. ENTREPRENUERSHIP ACTIVITY IS A HUGE FACTOR WHEN MICROMANAGING ANY BUSINESS.
    WE KNOW ANY BUSINESS, WEATHER UNDER CAPITALISM OR NOT, NEEDS PRIVATIZED LAND, LABOR, CAPITAL, AND FREE ENTREPRENUERIAL ACTIVITY OR THERE IS NO BUSINESS. THESE ARE JUST FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS- JUST AS EASY AS THEY COME.

  3. Drama
    | #3

    BY THE WAY THE FOREIGNERS ARE NEITHER GRABBING NOR BUYING LAND. THEY ARE COLONIZING. THE ACTIVITIES PERFORMED BY THESE GREEDY CORPORATION IS MORE CONSISTENT WITH COLONIZATION.

  4. anti derg
    | #4

    አራቱ የሃይማኖት መሪዎች የደርግ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናት የይሁንታና የይቅርታ እንቅስቃሴ ላይ የአቅጣጫ ለውጥ ሊያደርጉ መሆኑ ታወቀ፡፡ የደርግ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናትን የይሁንታና ይቅርታ ጉዳይና የባለሥልጣናቱ ከእስር የመፈታት ጉዳይ በመደበላለቁ፣ የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹ ጉዳዩን ለያይተው በመመልከት የይሁንታና የይቅርታውን ሒደት ብቻ ለመፈጸም እየተወያዩ እንደሆነ ምንጮች ለሪፖርተር ገልጸዋል፡፡

    እንደ ምንጮቹ ገለጻ፣ የደርግ ባለሥልጣናቱን ከእስር ማስፈታት ሳይሆን የተጐዱ አካላት፣ ሕዝብና መንግሥት ይቅርታ እንዲያደርግላቸው ለማድረግ ነው፡፡

    የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹ ላለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት በየክልሉ የሚገኙ የተጐጂ ቤተሰቦችን በማነጋገርና በማወያየት ባለሥልጣናቱ ይሁንታ እንዲያገኙ ያደረጉት ጥረት አመርቂ ቢሆንም፣ አዲስ አበባ ላይ ከተወሰኑ አካላት ውጪ የተጐዱ አካላትን አለማናገራቸው ጥፋት መሆኑንም ማመናቸውን ምንጮች ገልጸዋል፡፡

    የደርግ ባለሥልጣናቱን ከእስር ለማስፈታት ሕገ መንግሥቱ ገደብ የሚያደርግ በመሆኑ የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹ የይሁንታና የይቅርታው ጉዳይ ላይ ብቻም ለማተኮር ተወያይተዋል፡፡ ሆኖም የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹ በመጀመሪያ ባለሥልጣናቱ ለገና በዓል እንዲፈቱ ለማድረግ መንቀሳቀሳቸው ይታወሳል፡፡

    ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ የቀይ ሽብር ሰማዕታት ቤተሰቦችና ወዳጆች ማኅበር ጠቅላላ ጉባዔ፣ የደርግ ባለሥልጣናት ባቀረቡት የይቅርታና የእርቅ ጥያቄ ታኅሣሥ 24 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም. የአቋም መግለጫ አውጥቷል፡፡ የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹ ባለሥልጣናቱ ይቅርታ እንዲደረግላቸው ያደርጉት የነበረውን እንቅስቃሴ ፍጹም የማያውቁት በመሆኑ፣ የሃይማኖት መሪዎቹን እንቅስቃሴ በመግለጫቸው ተቃውመውታል፡፡

    የደርግ ባለሥልጣናቱ ከ500 ሺሕ በላይ ዜጐችን ያለ አንዳች የፍርድ ሒደት በጅምላ በመጨፍጨፋቸው የይቅርታውንና የእርቁን ጥያቄ በፍጹም አንቀበለውም ብለዋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም ባለሥልጣናቱ ለፈጸሙት በደል ለተጐጂዎች ካሳ መክፈል እንዳለባቸው ባወጡት የጋራ አቋም መግለጫ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

  5. Amare
    | #5

    Drama,

    You are absolutely right they are colonizing us, the author also mentions that – look part “D” above, he says a new phenomenon known as agrarian colonialism

  6. hunter
    | #6

    no mercy for those criminals ,let us bring to juctice for those criminal derg cadre’s living abroad.let’s collect evidence and hunt them.were ever they live.

  7. Mekuria
    | #7

    Mr. Madebo eloquently analyzed the long-term impacts of the ongoing land grab. Nationalist governments, whether they’re democrats or dictators, think in terms of the long-term impacts when it comes to resource use. Short-term gain does not cloud their nationalist sentiments. The pattern of our land use directly and indirectly influences the livelihood Ethiopians for generations to come. The land lease policy of the TPLF regime, which in some cases involve land lease for 99 years, clearly reveals that the regime does not care about the next generations of Ethiopians, let alone the current generation. We have had a number of dictators but Ethiopia has never witnessed the tragedy that is unfolding in front of our eyes. The land grab and the extent of it unequivocally prove that the TPLF regime is the least nationalist regime Ethiopia has ever had.

  8. Amare
    | #8

    anti derg

    ምነዉ ክልል የሚባል ነገር አታዉቅም አንዴ? ምነዉ ስለ መሬት ሲወራ ስለ ደርግ ትዘባርቃለህ? እባክህን ሁሉንም በቦታዉ አድርገዉ!

  9. lucy in america
    | #9

    “ከሰማይ የሚወርዱ ጥቃቅን የእሳት ፍንጣሪ መሰል ነገሮች” የሣር ክዳን ቤቶችን እና የተለያዩ ስፍራዎችን አቃጠሉ
    እሳት ወይስ እሳተ እሳት
    (ደጀ ሰላም፤ ጃኑዋሪ 5/2010፤ ታኅሣሥ 27/2003ዓ.ም)፦ በፊቱ የቀረበለትን ሁሉ የሚያቃጥል – ከሰል፣ ዐመድ፣ ዕመት የሚያደርግ – የሚፋጅ፣ የሚልጥ፣ የሚለመጥጥ ነው ባሕርይው – የዚህ ዓለም እሳት፡፡ እሳቱን የሚያስቆጡት እና የሚያገኑት ነዳድያት እሳታውያንን ሲያገኝ ደግሞ ላንቃው፣ ልሳኑ፣ ወላፈኑ በዝቶ ነበልባለ እሳት(ነደ እሳት) ይሆናል፤‹‹እሳት በላዒ ለዐማፅያን›› እንዲሉ፡፡ በምሥራቅ ሐረርጌ ሀገረ ስብከት ግራዋ ወረዳ ልዩ ስሙ ታቱ ጀነታ እየተባለ በሚታወቀው ቀበሌ ገበሬ ማኅበር ለተከታታይ ዘጠኝ ቀናት የታየው ግን ከዚህ የእሳት ባሕርይ በመጠኑ የተለየ ነበር፡፡

    ከኅዳር 27 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም እስከ ታኅሣሥ አምስት ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም ድረስ ልዩ ተልእኮ ያለው የሚመስል ‹‹ከሰማይ የሚወርዱ ጥቃቅን የእሳት ፍንጣሪ መሰል ነገሮች›› የተመረጡ የሣር ክዳን መኖርያ ቤቶችን እና ሰባት የተለያዩ ስፍራዎችን እያቃጠለ ዐመድ ሲያደርግ ሰንብቷል፡፡ በስፍራው ለእሳቱ መስፋፋት ምቹ የሆኑ ደረቅ ቁጥቋጦዎች እና የአየር ሁኔታ ያለ ቢሆንም በአንዱ ጎጆ/ስፍራ ላይ የሚከሠተው እሳት በሰው ኀይል ከመጥፋት ይልቅ የሚበላውን ከበላ በኋላ በራሱ ጊዜ እንደሚከስም ለደጀ ሰላም የደረሰው የዐይን እማኞች ቃል ያስረዳል፡፡ ለተከታታይ ዘጠኝ ቀናት በዚህ መልኩ በቀጠለው እንግዳ ክሥተት 25 የሣር ክዳን መኖርያ ቤቶች እና አንድ መስጊድ ሙሉ በሙሉ 14ቱ ደግሞ ግማሽ በግማሽ በመቃጠላቸው የተፈናቀሉት 125 ነዋሪዎቹ በጊዜያዊ መጠለያ እንደሚገኙ ተዘግቧል፡፡ ስምንት ኩንታል በቆሎ፣ ማሽላ፣ ሰሊጥ እና በርበሬ፣ የተለያዩ የቤት ቁሳቁሶች እንዲሁም ስድስት ሺሕ ጥሬ ብር በእሳቱ ተቃጥለው ከጥቅም ውጭ መሆናቸውን የምሥራቅ ሐረርጌ ዞን ፖሊስ ገልጧል፡፡ ይኸው የእሳት ፍንጣሪ በአንድ የዐሥር ዓመት ልጅ ራስ ላይ አርፎ ፀጉሩ ሳይቃጠል መታየቱንም የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች አስረድተዋል፡፡

    ከወረዳ ከተማዋ 27 ኪ.ሜ ርቀት ላይ በምትገኘው የገጠር ቀበሌ የታየውን እንግዳ ነገር አስመልክቶ ሞያዊ ማብራሪያ እንዲሰጡ የተጠየቁ የሐረምያ ዩኒቨርስቲ ምሁራን በምንነቱ ላይ ሳይንሳዊ ገለጻ ለመስጠት አዳጋች በመሆኑ ‹‹ወደፊት ቀጣይነት ያለው ጥናት እና ምርምር ተደርጎ መንሥኤው እንደሚገለጽ›› መናገራቸው ተገልጧል፡፡ ሌሊቱን ከቤታቸው ይልቅ በውጭ በማደር እንደሚያሳልፉ የተናገሩት የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ግን ‹‹ይህ የአላህ ቁጣ ነው፤ መዐቱን እንዲያርቅልን ልመና እያደረግን ነው፤ በእኛ ዘመን ያጠፋነው ነገር ባይኖርም ቀደም ሲል ግን በአካባቢያችን የተፈጸመ ስሕተት አለ፤›› በማለት ከወረዳ ከተማዋ 18 ኪ.ሜ ርቀት ላይ በሚገኘው ዶጉ መድኃኔዓለም አጥቢያ እንዲሁም በበደኖ ቀበሌዎች በ1983/84 ዓ.ም በታጣቂዎች በግፍ ተጨፍጭፈው በጅምላ የተቀበሩትን ክርስቲያኖች እና የተቃጠሉትን አብያተ ክርስቲያን ያስታውሳሉ፡፡ በስፍራው በሚገኝ አንድ ዋሻ ውስጥ 14 ታቦታት ተሰውረው የሚገኙ ሲሆን በዋሻው ላይ የሚያልፉ ከብቶችም እንደሚሞቱ የአካባቢው ነዋሪዎች ይናገራሉ፡፡

    በሌላ በኩል መስከረም 10 ቀን 2003 ዓ.ም በምዕራብ ሐረርጌ ሀገረ ስብከት ሂርና ወረዳ የጋራ ንጉሥ መድኃኔዓለም አጥቢያ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ንዋያተ ቅድሳት በአክራሪዎች ሙሉ በሙሉ መዘረፉን ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡ ዘራፊዎቹ በቁጥጥር ሥር ውለው ሲጠየቁ ንዋያተ ቅድሳቱን እንዳቃጠሉት ተናግረዋል፡፡ ጉዳዩን በፈጣን ችሎት የተመለከተው ፍርድ ቤት በዘራፊዎቹ ላይ የ14 ዓመት እስራት የፈረደባቸው ቢሆንም በቅጣት ውሳኔው ላይ ይግባኝ ባልተጠየቀበት ሁኔታ ወደ የቀደመው የፈጣን ችሎቱ ውሳኔ በሰባት ዓመት ጽኑ እስራት እንደተቀነሰላቸው ተገልጧል፡፡ እሳተ እሳት የሰማይ እሳት መሆኑን ሊቃውንተ ቤተ ክርስቲያን ይናገራሉ፡፡ የግራዋው(ታቱ ጀነታ) የእሳት ዝናም መውረድ እና መቀጣጠል የጀመረው ኅዳር 27 ቀን አንስቶ እንደነበር ልብ ይሏል!!

  10. Abebe
    | #10

    በጎች እየሸጥኩኝ በቴጲዉን ገበያ:
    ስብ ሊያርዱ ብለዉ አየነዱ ጉፋያ:
    የጦቀረዉን መርጦ ጥየት እናዳይበለብኝ:
    ከፀሃዪ ሀሩር በጥላቸዉ እያረፍኩኝ:
    ለወንዝች ለጅሬቶቸዋ ስለት አስገብቼ:
    ከሜኒ ከባሮዉ ማዕብል ሞገድ ተመኝቼ:
    ደምቢዶሎ ልዘልቅ መሰለሜን ትቼ:
    እጣን እያጨስኩኝ ቡና አስፈልቼ:
    እሰግዳለሁ እያልኩኝ ማጂ ለጋምቤለዉ:
    ባንዶች ቀየርዉብኝ የአፍርዋን ሽታዉ:
    ጉረፈረዳ አፈር ወርቅም አላቀለጥኩኝ:
    ካራቱሪ ከአረብ ባዕድ ሰቀረናብኝ::

  11. asquala
    | #11

    Mr Ephrem Madebo
    i would have been more happy if G7 leadership focuses more on starting amred struggle with Woyane Colonizers than writing the same all articles.

  12. anti derg
    | #12

    amare, let me ask u one quetion. who is speaking on behalf of the ethiopian people,or the ethiopia land,i know for sure one thing the remenant of derg regiem. the criminals. like u and ur father , do not have any moral right, to talk to epeak about ethiopia, for ever. justce is waiting for u. never forget red terror era.

  13. አያል ዞ
    | #13

    መጀመርያ ንጉሶቻችሁ ባህላዊ አስተዳደርቺሁ ነው ለዘመናዊ ስልጣኔ
    እንቅፋት አሉን : ባህላዊ አስተዳደራቺን አጥፍተን የነሱን ስልጣኔ
    የሚመስል በአጽናኦት ስልጣኔ የሚመስል ካርቦን ኮፒ አስተዳደር
    መሰረትን:ሞደርን ሆንን?አዎ ጥጥ የሚያመርቱን ገበሬዎች አጥፍተን
    ሽማኔ ዎቻቺን አጥፍተን ሰልቫጅ ለበስን:ደስተኛ ሰው ሆንን?
    ልበስ ሁለተኛው የስው ቆዳ እየተባለ የሚጠራው ምንድነው ለኛ? ሰልቫጅ
    ምንድነው? እንዴት መጣ?የዎደፊቱ እጣውስ?
    ግብርና እትዮጵያ ዉስጥ ስንት ሺ ዘምን እንዳለው በቁጥር የምያውቀው የለም
    ብቻ የስው ትዛታ እስከ ሚያስታውሰው ድረስ እኛ አገር ነበር
    ከ60 ክ70 አመት በፊት ያለ አሜሪካ ካናዳ ስንዴ ርዳታ
    ለብዙ ሺ ዘመን ራስቺንን ቺለን መግበን ኖረናል:አሜሪካና ካናዳ
    ስም ስይዎጣልቸው ብዙ መቶ አመት በፊት እኛ አገር የስንዴ
    ገበሬዎች ነበሩ_:ዛሬ እንዚህ ገብሬዎች west የአለምን
    አየር አዘባርቆ የራሱ መሬት በኬሚካል በክሎ አጥፍቶ
    የራሱ መሬት የሚያበቅለው እህል መርዝ ሆኖበታል ስለዚህ
    አዲስ ድንግል በኬሚካል ያልተበከለ መሬት ይፈልጋል;
    መፈለግም አለበት የራሱ መሬት ሞትዋል :
    ስለዚህ ድንግል መሬት ላይ ያሉትን ህዝቦች አ እዋፎች
    እንስ ሳቶች አጥፍቶ የቦታው ባለቤት ለመሆን ወስኗል
    ለዚህም በአፍሪካ ገበሬዎች በተለይ የኢትዮጵያ ገበሬ
    ላይ ትልቅ የፍጻሜ ጦርነት ተከፍቷል; ይህም ዉይይት
    የጦርነቱ አንዱ ክፍል ነው:የኢትዮጵያ ገበሬ ከሞተ
    ጥቁር ህዝብ በጅ አፍርቶ መመገቡን ይነጠቃል
    እንደ ነጻ የስው ልጅ ዘር መኖሩ ያከትማል:
    ፈጣሪ ከመንበሩ ዎርዶ ለኛ አይታገልም :መታገያ
    የመንፈስ የአክል ጉልበት ስጥቶናል: ይህም
    ዖ እንዴት ብዙ ነው:ስሙም ጥበቡ እንዴት
    ኃያል ነው :ህጉም ለዘላለም በየቀኑ የሚዎጣ
    ጸሃይ ነው:የፈጣሪ ልጆች ክሆንን የኛን ህይዎት
    ከምያጠፉ ደካም ማጂርት መቺዎ እቅዳቸውን
    ተግባራቸውን እናጥፋ:በስልጣኔ ስም የኢትዮ ን
    ያፍሪካን ገበሬ ለማጥፋት እቅድ ዎቷል:
    ይሂንንም እቅድ ለማስፈጸም ያልጠነሱት
    ሴራ የለም:የዌስተርን አለም ጀኤኖስይድ
    ማስተር ፕላን

  14. Amare
    | #14

    anti derg,

    Who is doing the thinking when you write, you or the keyboard? I left my country running the derge and yet you call me “derge”. No one can talk anything on the behalf of Ethiopia for Ethiopians have no elected representatives, but that doesn’t mean no one should say anything on the issues regarding Ethiopia. We all should speak about Ethiopia, the problem is when we deeply talk about land someone junky like you cuts in and blabbers about derg. Please open your mind, if it doesn’t open for you, put some big stone harder than you gray matter may be that will do it!

  15. Ande Le Enatu
    | #15

    Nothing absolutly nothing will awaken the Ethiopians in despersion for meaningful acton.They are enjoing life to the fulest.Hustling and bustling and of what they gathered only to shawer upon themselves.Oh yes! some time,when they feel guilty and perhaps after some drink of bing they come bursting to these forums and ,just like I am doing now, and will say At..At..zeraf. Each may insist his own way but,I have news for you,ther will be a day of reaping for adapting a philosopy of live for now and here,”for tomorow you die” . The solution for Ethiopian is solely left in the shoulders of those who are planted in their own mnother land.The Ethios in despersion can’t give account about their action because live in the land of humdrum.They are deafend by the noises of life to the pointthey don’t not time to listen until death ,that comes to us all,parts them.

    MODERATOR PLEASE LET MY VIEWS BE POSTED, I MAY HAVE NOT HAVE SAID WHAT SOME HAVE EXPECTED SOMETHING THAT TICKLS THE EAR.

  16. አዩ
    | #16

    ላንድ ግለስብ ተድላ ደስታ ጤና ያለው ማህበረ ስብ አስፈላጊ ነው::
    ውይም ጤናማ ህብረተ ስብ ላንድ ግለስብ የተስፋ ብርሃናማ
    እጣ ፋንታ የመሰረት ድንጋይ ነው::የኛ ህብረተስብ ታሞ
    ኮማ ውስጥ ነው ያለው:: ይህይዎትን የዘር ፍሬ ሆን ብሎ
    ያበላሸ አንድ ግለስብ ውይም የተማማለ ቡድን ተፈጥሮም
    ሆነ ሌላ ሃይል ምህረት እና ይቅርታ የላቸዉም::

  17. ስዩም
    | #17

    በ አጼ ኃይለስላሴ የ አስተዳደር ዘመን መሬት ለውጭ አገር ሰው መሸጥ ማከራየት
    ቤት መስራት ክልክል ነበር:አንድ የዉጭ አገር ሰው ቢዝነስ ኖሮት መቀጫ
    ቤት ለመስራት ከፈለገ ኢትዮጵያዊ ማግባት አለበት:

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