Ethiopia: Protest and “danger of ethnic conflict” Eskinder Nega

February 18th, 2011 Print Print Email Email

Up to Friday, February 4, 2010, Egypt’s people power revolution was by and large peaceful. But as dusk slowly overshadowed the designated “day of departure” for Mubarak with his steely determination to storm out the protests still intact, Egypt’s youth snapped with rage. (more…)

Up to Friday, February 4, 2010, Egypt’s people power revolution was by and large peaceful. But as dusk slowly overshadowed the designated “day of departure” for Mubarak with his steely determination to storm out the protests still intact, Egypt’s youth snapped with rage. Police stations were set ablaze, fire arms and ammunition seized, and hundreds of suspected criminals—not political prisoners– freed. Any police car within reach was torched.

The worst came the following day, though. Extensive looting and lawlessness paralyzed Cairo’s 18 million plus residents. Egypt’s enraged unemployed youth seized streets in affluent neighborhoods armed with guns, knives and sticks. Those who had the means fought back with firearms. But the majority clearly fell to the mercy of looters.

The television images shocked the world. Perilously, this sudden turn of events almost turned the tide of public opinion—both local and international—against the protests.

Mubarak suddenly had a smile on his face.

Fortunately, the backlash from the Egyptian public, which was adamantly for the protests and understood what was at stake, was swift and decisive. People organized neighborhood watches virtually overnight, and by Monday had reversed the threat of chaos forcefully. Best of all, the much predicted violence between Islamic militants and the Christian minority, which the ruling party had for years used to discourage protests, never came to pass.

The frown was back on Mubarak’s face.

Those 48 hours dampened spirit in Addis no less than they did in Egypt. Suddenly, the content of public debate shifted from the prospect of the protests spreading beyond Egypt to the ominous danger it holds for Ethiopia: ethnic conflict.

Egypt and Tunisia are broadly perceived as homogeneous societies. (But Egypt is at least multi-religious.) Ethiopia, on the other hand, is famously the lone champion of ethnicity based federalism in Africa; a “nation of nations, nationalities and peoples,” as the official parlance depicts the country. There lies latent danger, many people fear.

In the seven decades since the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in the mid-thirties, the issue of ethnicity has had a place in the national discourse with varying degree of intensity. It was the Italians who first introduced it, albeit as champions of what they described as the “disenfranchised non-Amhara majority.” And with the expulsion, at their behest, of thousands of Amharas from what are now Oromo and Southern regions in 1936 and 1937, a new and dangerous precedent was set.

But even granted that the expulsions were an aberration, a consequence of Italian divide and conquer manipulation rather than natural outbursts, the pre-invasion land tenure in the south, the gebar system, was the ideal setting for an impending class conflict with ethnic overtones. The Italians were able to see that and use it to their advantage.

Fortunately for the nation, the restored monarch, Haile-Sellassie, resisted strong pressure from his nobility for reinstatement of the gebar system and opted for the relatively milder chesegna system.

However progressive the chesegna system looked in comparison to the geber system, though, it stood in sharp contrast to the egalitarian land tenure of the north, the rist system. By the mid- 60’s and early- 70’s, when the politicization of Ethiopia’s youth expanded dramatically, this disparity, two geographically delineated land tenures in one country, arguably fueled the advent of identity politics more than any other factor; particularly amongst Oromo students, who hail from the nation’s largest ethnic group.

Once the genie was out of the bottle, neither the Derg’s revolutionary land to the tiller proclamation, which uprooted the economic foundation for identity politics, nor the rise to power of the EPRDF, one of its multitude of militant champions, has been enough to diminish its emotional appeal to a large number of people. It still thrives in Ethiopia’s politics both as a powerful force and a favored means of divide and rule.

Does this pose a threat of ethnic strife in the event of Egypt-like protests? Would people really go as far as engaging in ethnic conflict, particularly in relatively sophisticated Addis Ababa, home to the nation’s greatest diversity?

Even in these times of heightened ethnic consciousness, the melting-pot standing of the nation’s capital has persisted virtually unchallenged. An established ethos encourages tolerance and co-existence for first generation settlers from the regions, who have always constituted a majority, and assimilation in to a hybrid culture for succeeding generations. Even the Amharic spoken in Addis, which, like American English, has developed a distinctive accent, is evolving as it continues to assimilate increasing number of words from other languages.

Addis is uniquely one of those rare African cities with no ethnic ghettos. The few neighborhoods that started out as ethnic
enclaves—Wello sefer, Gimira sefer, Wellega sefer etc— have all been overwhelmed. Amidst this diversity, all school instructions are by consensus in the lingua-franca, Amharic. There are no private or public ethnic schools in Addis. The protection and upkeep of ethnic identities, which is held dear by most Ethiopians, is understood to be the preserve of either their home regions or a private matter.

Naturally, with ethnically diverse neighborhoods the norm, the extent of inter-marriages is exceptionally high. An ethnically homogeneous extended family is virtually non-existent. The process of assimilation in this realm is as vibrant as ever.

This is the Addis Ababan reality which had enabled the CUD to score a sweeping electoral victory in 2005. For the entirety of the city’s residents, heightened ethnicity, let alone conflict, militates against day-to-day life. A neighbor is rarely an ethnic kin. A family member is usually married to someone from a different ethnic group. A co-worker almost always comes from a different ethnicity. The same goes for a fellow worshiper. Unlike the US or parts of Africa, the concept of an ethnically exclusive church simply does not exist. The ties that bind Addis Ababans are extensive and deep.

It is also true that Addis Ababans argue about politics passionately. And, indeed, ethnicity is a factor for many people in taking sides. But their lifestyles serve as a deterrent against an outright outbreak of ethnic conflict. There is no better antidote.

Where then does the genesis of the public’s apprehension about such possibility lie?

The answer: EPRDF generated half truths and propaganda.

There were no ethnically motivated attacks in the 2005 post-election riots. Some EPRDF members of all ethnicities, however, were illegally and reprehensibly attacked. There was no rational for them.One house was burned. One man was knocked unconscious. But, thankfully, there was not a single fatality.

EPRDF members were not targeted indiscriminately. Those attacked were all allegedly directly or indirectly involved in the suppression of either the June or November protests. Omit this fact and the image is fundamentally distorted.

But when state media went on to relate of the attacks they deliberately highlighted only those victims with distinctly Tigrayan names. No mention was made of their alleged bond with the ruling party. No mention was made of their alleged role in quelling the protests. But these were exactly what motivated the attacks. Ethnicity was not a factor. And no less crucially, no mention was made of the attacks against non-Tigrayan EPRDF members.

By simple acts of omissions and half truths, actual events were twisted to fall in line with official propaganda, which for months had fantastically accused the opposition of genocidal predisposition.

It was a classic spin.

Nonetheless, this is no reason for complacency. If protests are ever to break out in Ethiopia, success will rely on whether the essential lessons of the Tunisian and Egyptian protests will be embraced or not.

These are:


2.Non-ethnic affiliation

3.Non-religious affiliation

4.Non-political affiliation (I will elaborate these “four pillars of Tunisian and Egyptian peaceful protests” next week.)

If there is to be change in Ethiopia, it must be focused on the future. The mistakes of the 1974 and 1991 changes were in having been revolutions primarily against the past as opposed to being revolutions primarily for the future. In this way, they were doomed to fail from the very outset.

If the winds of change do reach Ethiopia, the future must dominate. It is time to undo the dominance of the past once and for all.

A note to readers.

Its time for me to re-connect with AMHARIC readers. God permitting, I will produce a WEEKLY article in AMHARIC every Tuesday as of March 1, 2011.

The writer could be reached at

  1. Hadigu
    | #1

    Dear Eskinder, there is a lot in your article I don’t have a problem agreeing with you. First of all, for someone living in a country apparently cut off from the current events of the day, you seemed to be well informed and reasoned. So much about the oppositions’ propaganda how the internet access was cut off and the tv-stations don’t show the current apprising through out the middle east and north africa. Secondly, if any kind of apprising would have to take place in Ethiopia, this would be mainly led by a group of youths disfranchised by the system – that’s youngsters with no job and future – and the so-called diaspora opposition. The tent of the diaspora opposition is mainly focused, as you are well aware of, based in a subtle but clear ethnic politics. The people at the forefront of this struggle are mainly concerned how a “minority ethnic group” is leading this country to the “ruins” rather than what direction is the country heading. Their followers, by design or not, are also cut out of the same cloth. You need also to remember that in the 2005 appraising the prevailing sentiment was how everything was going Tigrays way – even electricity, water and so on. I’ve heard so many first hand stories how people from Tigray felt threatened by that situation. There were calls for people to locate all the tigreans and their properties in case of shift of power. Those were facts on the ground not your government’s propaganda. To think that the people in Addis don’t care or identify themselves with one ethnic group or other to me is a bit naive. As the say goes: “blood is thicker than water.” I wish this wasn’t the case but it is. So, at least, for now, the Ethiopian society remains a heterogenous one despite the GoE’s efforts to change that dynamics. This is the core of our backwardness and will be for the foreseeable future. To argue to the contrary will be intellectually dishonest. I’ll give it to you how the new generation is changing to the better and so on – but as long as the “revolution” is led by the yesteryears thinkers, I fail to see your optimistic view of any peaceful appraising. What we need to do is take a deep breath and try to be an agent of change working within the system. This may take a while and might also be painful – but no successful enterprise of change should be easy. Think for a minute, had the Kinigit took the leadership of Addis and showed what they are made of, we wouldn’t be talking this. The contrast would have been clear rather than an abstract one. That’s the way to go – baby steps.

  2. From home
    | #2

    ውድ እስክንድር እግዚሃብሔር ይስጥልን
    የምትፅፈው በቋንቕችን ቢሆን መልህክቱ የበለጠ ለባለጉዳዩ ምስኪን ሕዝባችን ይደርሳልና መልካም ዜና ነው

    አረመኔዎቹ ገዥዎቻችንም ጊዜው ሳይመሽ ከግብጽና ከቱኒስ መማር ካቃታቸው ተላላኪዎቻቸው ግን ከሕዝብ እንደሚወግኑ ሳይታለም የትፈታ ነው:: ሁሉም በግብጽና በለሎቹ አደባባይ እየታየ ነውና የኢትዮጵያ አምላክ ሕዝቧንና አገራችንን ከአጥፊዎቹ አረመኔ የኣገር ጉዶች ይጠብቅልን

  3. ኪሮስ ግርማይ
    | #3

    እስክንድር እንዲሁም ባለቤትህ ሰርካለም;
    ሰላምታዬ ይድረሳችሁ ለምታደርጉት ትግል አምላክ ከናንተ ጋር ይሁን:: እውነትም መሆን ያለበን ነው ያስቀመጥከው:: ወያኔ አንድ ሰአት ስልጣኑን የሚያራዝምለት መሆኑን ካመነ በአስር ሺ የሚቆጠር የትግራይ ሰዎች ከማስጨፍጨፍ ወደ ሃላ አይልም:: የመቕሌ ልጅ ነኝ በየትግራይ ህዝብ ለ 36 አመታት የወያኔ ፕሮፖጋንዳ “አማራው ሊበላህ ሊጨርስህ ነው” “ኦሮሞው ሊውጥህ ነው” “እኛን ከመደገፍ ሌላ አማራጭ የለህም” በማለት ለዘመናት አብሮ የኖረውን ህዝብ ለመለያየት ያልፈነቀሉት ድንጋይ የለም ለወደፊቱም ወደህላ አይሊም:: ወያኔ የተወሰኑ የማፊያው አባላትን እንጂ ለይቶ የሰጠው ዲሞክራሲ ለማንም የለም: ሰርአቱም ሁሉንም የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እየመዘበረና እያሰቃየ ያለ በመሆኑ ለሁላችንም የምትሆን ኢትዮጵያ ለማምጣት አርቆ አሳቢነትነና ትኩረታችን በትግራይ ህዝብ ሳይቦን በማፊያ አባሎቹ ብቻ ይሁን:: ሰላም: ብልጽግና: ፍትህ: አንድነት ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ::

  4. Compromise
    | #4

    is this opinion of yours a genuine concern or a scare tactic? You know that Weyane cadres are nowadays very busy to hinder the revolution from taking place in the Ethiopian empire by using the fact that the peoples of the empire are not homogeneous, but different (the colonized and the colonizer), as an instrument of division and polarization. If the scare tactics hinder the revolution, the only option we the colonized people do have is the anti-colonial armed struggle, even though it is a very difficult job, given the little support we do have from the international community. For the revolution possibilly not to take place, unfortunately also the pro-independence freedom fighters (the Oromo, Ogaden, Sidama..etc liberation forces) and the pro-unity freedom fighters (the Amhara, Gurage, Harari..etc patriotic forces) are still mistrusting each other. Both want to secure the direction of the move after FREEDOM from Weyane (secure the result after the revolution). The first bloc wants no reversal of the already achieved victory of a limited cultural autonomy on the way towards national independence (self-determination), whereas the second bloc wants to be sure that the empire stays intact and possiblly the process will be reversed back to the unitary country.

    But, why should these people worry too much about the situation after the revolution? Is the caution regarding the unity of the empire, which is lamented by the pro-unity freedom fighters, different from the scare tactics used by the Weyane cadres? The *** (Weyane cadres) go to Oromo forums and tell us the “worse will come = Amhara will take over and there will never be the reality of Aayyo Oromia, if you push for the revolution”; and then they go to Amhara forums and tell them “take care, the worse will come = OLF can take over and it will be the end of Imiyee Ethiopia, if you make a revolution”. Both Aayyo Oromia and Imiye Ethiopia are actually taken hostage by the Weyane. Whenever Oromo force is stronger, Weyane threaten with the possibility of dismantling Oromia; and whenever Amhara force is stronger, they threaten with dismembering Ethiopia!

    Weyane *** use the opportunity of such division among the opposition to threaten both camps of the freedom fighters. If the revolution should happen, the two camps of the freedom fighters need to be bold enough to take risk of losing their ideals after the revolution and live with a possible compromise solution: the first bloc should be ready to lose for instance Oromia, Ogadenia.. and the second camp should be ready to risk Ethiopia! Otherwise, in short, Weyane is really lucky, there will never be any revolution; and getting rid of Weyane through election or armed struggle is of course minimal. Shouldn’t we then be ready to be ruled by Weyane for the next one century? In short the scare tactics, which the Weyane cadres nowadays are using in forums and paltalks are:

    - “if revolution happens, Amharas can take over and dismantle Oromia”
    - “if revolution happens, Oromos will be in power and dismember Ethiopia”
    - “if revolution happens, Weyane army is not like Tunisia’s army, but will massacre the civillians and takeover power”
    - “if revolution happens, there can be a mayhem against the Tigreans, like that of Ruanda”
    - “if revolution happens, there will be absolute chaos and civil war among different ethnies”

    Are the freedom fighters from both blocs (pro-independence freedom fighters and pro-unity freedom fightrers) ready to tacle this scare tactics of Weyane? Can they agree on the middle ground: FREEDOM and REFERENDUM (on self-determination of citizens and nations)? Those freedom fighters, who just sing about the UNCONDITIONAL Independence of nations must cool down and accept the public verdict, as well as those freedom fighters who now cry for UNCONDITIONAL Unity also should learn to be moderates and accept the public verdict. That means both camps must agree on first to get FREEDOM from Weyane fascists and racists, and then democratically decide for either Independence or Unity per REFERENDUM. That means, only democratic independence or democratric unity (independence or unity based on public verdict) can be a lasting solution. We like it or not, all peoples in that region are interdependent, be it they decide for political Independence or for political Union. The political WILL of the peoples in the empire/region is what matters at the end!

  5. ethio
    | #5

    Lets Start with the DEmo. tomorrow….i cant waite

  6. AbaDama
    | #6

    Excellent and timely article that all (ethiopians)should read.

    Everytime I read EN’s article I see woyane(TPLF/EPRDF)naked. Woyane is realy sooooo…o ugly. Can you see the same?

  7. melkamu
    | #7

    Welcome back brother. Your articles are always inspirational and thoghtful. The level of our youth’s intellectual maturity needs to be developed and to that end your intiative to start amharic articles is highly appreciated. We can not just fortify ourselves behind the wall of english language and unable to directly adress the right people. Thank you, and Long live the revolution.

  8. Zati Tomar Zetefenewe
    | #8

    Dear Eskendir,

    keep writing but I deeply worry that they may harm you in one way or another.

  9. Werner2010
    | #9

    I admire your resolute stand, but I disagree on your assertion that EPRDF should be forced to surrender by popular unrest. There is practically no viable opposition at home or abroad, and evidently the government is doing its best to make poverty history.

  10. Daniel
    | #10

    I understand that this writer is trying to deny all vivid facts which took place during the reign of the Derge and the EPRDF. The Dergue consciously tried to iliminate the people of Tigray by introducing a satanic unti tigrean policy- asawun lematfat bahrun mantef.The Dergue tried to kill Tigreans as much as it could; tried to forcibilly relocate the people of Tigray where many of them died of lowland diseases; when the Derg reached the dead end a list of Tigreans was spread all over Ethiopia to be exterminated had it not the EPRDF thwarted this scheme before it happened;in 2005 tigreans were targeted under the ill- intentioned, ‘nibret wede kebele tigre wede Mekele’; following to the extent that many intermarriages envolving Tigreans of either sexes were banded or terminated cities and towns of Ethiopia and outside of Ethiopia.Therefore, what the writer is triying to share with is unfouded stories as regards to Tigreans. Schauvinist could not see the kernel of real facts.

  11. Lucy in America
    | #11

    The masters [bosses] of Zenawi asrse , the father of meles , Italians tried to divide our peoplein ethnice lines and conquer our country, but thanks to God our wise fathers and forefathers, Italian’s trying was failed with out result, but even if Italy could not success in dividing and conquering , the band’s son meles and some tegere’s idiots have applied Italians plan and they are working day and night to continue their palnn which they got from their masters. It is up us to stand together and kick these idiots away and save our country.

  12. Anonymous
    | #12

    the majority of our population has already been harmed. what is the worest ? @Zati Tomar Zetefenewe

  13. Dallas
    | #13


    You must think we are fools advising us to work within the system to bring change in the system. Tell this advice of yours to your EPRDFiets. No matter how much time it takes we will continue our struggle to over though the genocidal tyrant regime of Zenew which you support.

    Death to the tyrant Zenew and its cronies

  14. Change
    | #14


    Thank you for your timely article. However, I worry about your safety and security because the men eater regime of Zenew might eat you alive. I worry because tyrant Meles might eat you with his wife and his children. I bet you heard the rumors that the tyrant children and wife favorite meat is human flash. They say that Azeb’s, the tyrant wife, favorite part of the human flash is barbequed human balls. So please be careful l!!!

  15. Lema
    | #15

    Eskinder Nega,

    I appreciate your article. Keep up the great job. I am with you until we over though the tyrant regime of Meles Zenew who feasts on human blood.

  16. አንተን አላምን አልኩ
    | #16

    ቢገባኝም ብይገባኝም, ቢያገባኝም ባያገባኝም አንድ ነገር ልበል:: ሃሳብን መግለጽ መልካም ነው:: በኛ አገር የተለመደው ፖለቲካ, አፋፍሞ ዘወር እንዳይሆን እፈራለሁ:: ደሃው ህዝብ በርግጥ ለውጥ ይፈልጋል:: ግን ደሃውን አነሳስቶና ለእሳት ማግዶ የራሱን ኑሮ በባእድ አገር የሚኮመኩም የመንደር ፖለቲከኛና ጸሃፊ አንፈልግም::

  17. SheIsEthiopia
    | #17


    Do you mean that Azeb barbeque human tesstcles and it them with her childern?

  18. Humanrights
    | #18

    You keep barking about the so called diaspora. If you believe that nothing comes from the “diaspora” then why do you you WOYANEs crying about it? This always puzzles me. Of course nevrmind the fact that the majority of those in the “diaspora” are just Ethiopians who left because their own home country was inhospitable.
    So you insist that people ignore the fact that economic, military and administrative/security power is concentrated in a minority ethnic group. Are you mentally sound? Of course not, you are woyane. But, it is not too late to come to your senses. Salvation can only come if you people (woyane supporters) accept peace and reject the fake messiah TPLF. Your repression cannot go on for long without Ethiopians rising up against you. Not a single bullet fired will be forgotten.

  19. Change
    | #19

    Yes, I mean Azeb, the tyrant Meles wife, likes to barbeque human testcles and eat them whith her children and husband. Eyewitness told me that Meles started eating human flesh while he was on the mountains.

  20. selamyihun
    | #20

    it is really a good view on the Ethiopian reality. You are right any affiliation which does not take consideration the unity in diversity of Ethiopia will not help for integral develepment and sustainable peace of each and every one in the society. We need to be based on the common values of Ethiopians to build a better Ethiopia.

  21. From home
    | #21

    ኣቡጊዳዎች እባካችሁን በጊዜ ማነስ ምክንያት እንደ Hadigu እና ይህን የጻፈው የአረመኔዎቹ ተላላኪ Compromise ዓይነት ጽሁፎችን በትቆጣጠርዋችው ጥሩ ነው

    - “if revolution happens, there can be a mayhem against the Tigreans, like that of Ruanda”

    የአረመኔዎቹ ቁንጮ ህቅድ ይህ መሆኑን እንክዋንና የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ በገንዘብ አቅም ብቻ ነፍሱ እስክትወጣ በቃርዛ ላይ አንጠልጥለው የያዙትም አለቆቹም በድንብ የሚያውቁት ነው

  22. Biiftuu
    | #22

    Hundi keessanuu biyya Oromoo irraa deemaa!

  23. United we stand!
    | #23

    Eskinder, you are right again and I thank you brother, from the bottom of my heart. I consider you as one of Ethiopian heroes. You and your family have already gone through so much misery by the woyane mafia group. Knowing how the TPLF thugs work, I am very concerned about your safety. May God protect you and your family from the hands of the evil woyanes.

    No one, no bullets, no sophisticated weapons can destroy a powerful determined united 76 million Ethiopians. OLF, ONLF and other separatists political groups that were created to divide Ethiopians by the two evil possessed hate mongers Isayass and Meles, need to come to their senses and join their Amhara, Guragaie, Oromo, Kembata, Gambela, and the rest of other ethnic Ethiopian brothers and sisters to get rid of one of the most wicked dictator in the world that has locked up thousands, tortured, looted and killed peaceful Ethiopians. We can blame Amharas without basis all we want, but no one, not only in Ethiopia even in the world compares to the most dangerous, heartless, cold-blooded, immoral, sub-human tyrant Meles. Ethiopian civilians and non-TPLF military men and women must and should UNITE! UNITE! UNITE! If we really want to bring down the monkey and his family out of that Arat Kilo palace and lock them up in Arat Kilo zoo where they belong. Let us always remember that TPLF work 24/7 to divide Ethiopians by pretending to be Amharas, Oromos and other ethnic group — DO NOT GIVE THEM SATICFACTIONS!

  24. Dhugaa
    | #24

    Unfortunately, there are still some blind nationalists in both the Amhara and the Oromo camp, who yet couldn’t see the common CONVERGENT short term goal of the two BIG nations, i.e a ‘FREEDOM from Weyane’s fascism’. Such blind nationalists concentrate on only their divergent long term goals: independent Oromia (Oromo’s goal) vs united Ethiopia (Amhara’s goal)! But the smart nationalists from both the Amhara and the Oromo camps are trying to forge an alliance to achieve together their convergent common short term goal and then to decide on their respective long term goals per public verdict (by REFERENDUM). The blind ones are too far from accepting and respecting the WILL of their respective public as a final verdict. That means, in short, the blind nationalists do preach democracy, which includes the referendum, but they are not yet ready to practice what they do preach! We hope the few smart and genuinely democratic nationalists in both camps, who try to practice what they do preach, will prevail to cooperate and make Weyane’s fascism be history!

  25. wedi samre
    | #25

    I admire Eskedar’s rare courage. He does a good job as a journalist. I cannot blame him for not doing an in-depth analysis on the so-called “danger of ethnic conflict”. It behooves intellectuals to do that, although until now they have refused to wake up from their intellectual slumber. As an Ethiopian from Tigray, I have never been able to understand why we Ethiopians associate the Tigray people and Weyane. I am not alone. No Ethiopian from Tigray does understand why we associate the inhuman Weyane with the heroic Tigray people, its main victims. The Weyane are responsible for the death of more than two million people in Tigray between 1984-1985.

    Having said that, we should not forget that Ethiopia is our own country. She is not the country of the Weyane. The responsibility of this generation must be to find ways and means of building a strong and united Ethiopia and to pass it on to the next generation of Ethiopians. If Haileselassie and the Derg had had the desire to build a strong and united Ethiopia, this generation would not be dispersed in various countries of the world and suffered from racism, homesickness, etc. It is not however too late. If we are united, we can build a strong and prosperous Ethiopia wherein our children and grand children can live in full harmony and mutual respect. If we create now favorable conditions for that to happen, they will be proud of us, their fathers and grand fathers. Let us therefore think and act positively and patriotically towards each other. Let us pray to God so that He can help us think and act positively towards our fellow compatriots and our country. Only through our united efforts can we defeat the TPLF and its mercenaries. As our Amharic proverb says: Dir biaber anbesa yasir”. Think about it.
    Long live mother Ethiopia and down with the TPLF and its mercenaries.

  26. Oda Tulu
    | #26

    Eskinder is engaged in a scare tactic.

  27. Netsanet
    | #27

    ጀግናው የኢትዮጲያ ጀኔራል ካሳዬ ጨመዳ የጦር ሜዳ ውሎ በሚለው ጽሁፋቸው በ1974-75 የሻብእያ ፍጹም አገልጋይ ባሪያ ሆኖ እያገለገለ የነበረውን ወያኔ የተባለውን እርኩስ መንጋ ለመጠራረግ በተሰጠቸው ግዳጅ ከኤርትራ ተነስተው እየተኮሰ ዝም ብሎ እሳት ውስጥ ይገባ የነበረውን የወያኔ ግልብ ጦር ገፈታትረው ወደ በድሜ (ይርጋ ትባል ነበር ያኔ) ሲገቡ ህዝቡ የነገራቸው ነገር በጣም ገረማቸው፡፡ ህዝቡ ወያኔ የኢትዮጲያ ጦር ጭራቅ ነው፡፡ ትግሬ አርዶ ስጋውን ለመብላት የመጣ አውሬ ነው አኛ ከሸሸን እናንት ስለማትተርፉ ጥፉ እያለ የሻእቢያንና የዚያድባሬን ጸረ ኢትዮጲያ ልፈፋ በገሃድ ያውጅ ነበር፡፡ ወያኔ የትግራይን ህዝብ ከጎኑ በሻብያ ተልእኮ ለማሰለፍ የማይለው ነገር አልነበረም፡፡ የትግራይ ሪፐብሊክ ማኒፌስቶም የዚህ አካል ነው፡፡ ጄኔራል ካሳዬም ወያኔ የሚለው ፍጹም ውሸት እንደሆነ አስረድተው አለፉ፡፡ ጄኔራል ካሳዬ ሌላው የገረማቸው ነገር ወያኔ በዛን ወቅት ምንም የጦር ስልት የሚባል ነገር የማያውቅና ምስኪኑን የትግራይ ባላገር እየዘለለ እሳት ውስጥ እንዲገባ ይነዳ የነበረ መሆኑ ነው፡፡ እብደርሳቸው አገላለጽ ይገርማል የጦር ታክቲክ የሚባል የለም ዝም ብሎ ዘሎ እሳት ውስጥ መግባት ብቻ ነበር ነው ያሉት፡፡ ወያኔ ለተርግራይ ህዝብ ደንታ የለውም፡፡ ስልጣን ነው የሚፈለ፤ገው፡፡ ከሻእቢያ ጋር በነበረው ውጊያም ተራ ወታደር ሳሞራ የኑስ ፈጸመው ይሄንኑ ነው፡፡ ወታደር ሳሞራ ፈንጂ ረጋጭነትን እንጂ ሌላ ቴክኒክ አያውቅም፡፡ የታባቱ የተማረውን ያመጣል፡፡ ወያኔ በአሁኑ ሰአት የሚያወራወ በሙሉ ቅዠት ነው፡፡ ወያኔ ደጋፊ የለውም፡፡ ያለው 42 የሸመገሉ ትግሬ ጄኔራሎች እንርሱም መጠጥ የጨረሳቸው ናቸው፡፡ ዛሬ ኤርትራ ኢትዮጲያን ብትወር በአንድ ቀን የሚማረኩ ሽማግሌዎችን ሰብስቦ ነው የሚፎክረው፡፡ ሌላው ወታደር አጋዚ የሚባለው ፋሽዝም የሰለቸው ከተማ ውስጥ ብቻ የሚራወጥ ሆዱን ለመሙላት ብቻ የሚንግዋለል ጦር ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ በአሁኑ ሰአት ወያኔ ጦር የለውም፡፡ ሩዋንዳ ሩዋንዳ የሚለው ወያኔ ያለችው ካርድ እርሷብቻ ስለሆነች ነው፡፡ የትግራይ ህዝብ ከኢትዮጲያ መገንጠል አይፈልግም፡፡ የኦሮሞም ጎራጌም ወላይታም እንዲሁ፡፡ ወያኔ ግራ ቢገባው ተተካካሁ ብሎ እንደነ ሃይለማርያም ያሉ አንድ መንደርን እንኳን በአግባቡ መምራት ያልቻሉ ጎጠኛን ልክስክስ ሆዳም ዴዶችን ይዞ የሚፎክረው ባዶ ፉከራ ነው፡፡ ዴዶች በአንድ ቀን የሚጠፉና ጥላቸውን የሚጠራጠሩ ጅቦች ናቸው፡፡ የዴዶች የልብ ትርታ ቢለካ በደቂቃ 500 ይመታል፡፡ ስለዚህ ወያኔ በአሁኑ ሰአት ባዶ ቆርቆሮ ነው፡፡ ወያኔ ራሱ ማምለጫ ነው የሚፈልገው፡፡ የተሰላች የሽፍቶች ስበስብ ነው፡፡

  28. South
    | #28

    Why Amhara people always worry about ” Ethiopianism”/ unit and such staff where as the other do not care? what is its philosophy?

  29. derebew
    | #29

    Mr. Nega, fascinating, your mastery of the english language is admirable and I like your style of writing but not the substance. it is self serving as it goes to destort facts. You want to tell us that there were EPRDF members attacked but not because they were Tigreans, wow so the EPRDF memebres must have been wearing the star of Davide for the CUD members to identify them and attack them for being EPRDF members, as I am sure you can not tell onse political stand by looking at them, and of course it maight be acceptable if it is a Tigrean or two that are attacked. There are many bones I would like to pick on this article but i don’t have the time and the lesure but I would like to remind those who are trying to find any corollary between the Egyptian revolution and Ethiopian situation are naive.

  30. አንቴ ምን ስትጠብቅ?
    | #30

    አንተን አላምን አልኩ :ቢገባኝም ብይገባኝም, ቢያገባኝም ባያገባኝም አንድ ነገር ልበል:: ሃሳብን መግለጽ መልካም ነው:: በኛ አገር የተለመደው ፖለቲካ, አፋፍሞ ዘወር እንዳይሆን እፈራለሁ:: ደሃው ህዝብ በርግጥ ለውጥ ይፈልጋል:: ግን ደሃውን አነሳስቶና ለእሳት ማግዶ የራሱን ኑሮ በባእድ አገር የሚኮመኩም የመንደር ፖለቲከኛና ጸሃፊ አንፈልግም::

    አንቴም ዘብ ቁም እንጂ! ያለፈውንም ታሪክ በጤናማ መነጽር ማየትን አትዘንጋ:: አዎን! እንግሊዝኛው ይከብዳል (“ቢገባኝም ብይገባኝም, ቢያገባኝም ባያገባኝም ,,,” ያልኸው የቋንቋውን ጠጣርነት ለመግለጽ እንደሆን በመገመት):: እስቲ እንዳልኸው ሁሉ እስክንድር ሕዝቡን አበጣብጦ በባዕድ ሀገር ኑሮውን ለመቅጨት አስቦንው እንበል:: ግን:ግን ለምንድን ነው ይህንን ሰይጣናዊ ስልት የሚጠቀመው?
    በአማሪኛ ልጽፍ አቅዷልና ያኔ መልሱን ይዘህ ብቅ በል::

  31. Lucy in America
    | #31

    werner, your boss meles has been beging for 20 years and still he is beging to feed 2m starved people. you can not do poverity a history by begging , but formulating good policy and applying them on the ground only can do poverity a history. To formulate and apply good policy you have to have some basice knowledge. meles ran away from AAU when he was 2 year student. he has never come back to any University. that is why most westren intellectuals except some idiots who got millions of dollars for their lobbying their own geovernement to give billions of dollars meles said opennly that meles” meles is an economice ignorant”

  32. Werner2010
    | #32

    You are referring to a wikileak report, but you are misquoting the whole thing so tha it fits your views. In fact it was one participant at a conference who claimed that Meles had not good understanding of economics. But the guy was corrected on the spot by other participants. The PM has masters degree in economics, but that is just for your information.

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