Ethiopia and the Future: Constitutional Monarchy, The New and Young Leadership By Tecola W. Hagos

July 26th, 2011 Print Print Email Email

“ተጣጥሮ መንገሥ::” Ethiopian Proverb

I. Religion: Christianity, Islam, et Cetera

The most essential question for every Ethiopian deals with the type of stake he or she has in the nation. It is not enough to cite thousands of years of history if its net result now is starvation, dictatorial governance, oppression, and cultural deformities. With the current Government of Meles Zenawi, we have reached the bottom of our political and economic sinkhole. In the guise of “development” schemes, Meles Zenawi has dragged our ancient country through a sewer-policy where our national pride, our territorial integrity, and our freedom/independence had been recklessly compromised and at times nullified. Now we have the “elephant in the room” religion as our red-hot political issue.

It seems the desire to address questions dealing with the roles played by the two main religions in Ethiopia is everywhere on the internet. Some think of such discussions leading into divisive confrontations at a time when we least need serious challenge as untimely. Some do not want anything to do with such religion based discussions. I think if the issues dealing with religions in Ethiopia are to be understood clearly, one must confront such issues and not hid them out of sight, for sooner than later such unresolved or misunderstood questions will catch us when we are least prepared. I am not shy about my criticism of Arabs as individuals and groups who have used religion to oppress, dehumanize, and exploit African people for centuries and still continue to do so in our own time to date.

In its global context, the Arab scourge is monumental—from their exploitation of the needs of the world for oil to gobbling up rich farmland in Ethiopia and elsewhere while the indigenous people are starving. They finance terrorism throughout the world with their misbegotten petrodollar. Even more insidious Arabs are involved in modern time slavery trafficking in young women as domestics, Saudi paper announcing that Saudis are awaiting the arrival of 25,000 (twenty five thousand) young Ethiopian “maids” with no known safeguard against barbaric Arab households.

Look around you, people, trillions of dollars bank account did not change the brutality and barbarism of nations like Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, the Oil-wells-with-flags States (the Emirates), Sudan, and further on Iran. Any religion in the hands of the wrong “people” can be turned into a nightmarish ordeal on individual lives. No one country or religion has an exclusive brutality using religion as an excuse for political purpose. I could mention on the side of Christianity the Crusades as the beginning of religious persecution that later on in the Middle Ages evolved into horrendous persecution that took place against fellow Christians accused of heresy, witchcraft et cetera. Such victims were tortured, or burned alive, or sold into slavery et cetera. The abuse of “Islam” the religion itself by its religious and secular leaders is no exception, for we do not have to go far to confirm the brutality and violence committed against millions of Christians forced to convert into Islam since the time of the Caliphates all over the Middle East and North Africa.

Islam as a religion is related to both Judaism and Christianity. It has elements that are very constructive as well as destructive like any other religion too. It seems “Islam” the religion now in the hands of Arab leaders has been used to create a nightmarish world using the religion that could have been instrumental like Judaism or Christianity to better the lives of the Faithful and others. If given a choice what sane human being would choose to live in Saudi Arabia or Iraq or any of the Arab League Nations? If there was no restriction on exit visas in Arab nations, the place will be empty in no time.

It is only recently, with some reluctance at that and often straddling the fence of loyalty, that Ethiopian Moslems have started to play a positive role in the political life of Ethiopia. Through out history they were “fifth columnist” to Ethiopia’s life and death struggle to survive as “a Christian island in a sea of Moslems.” If Ethiopian leaders in the past were reluctant to enlist Ethiopian Moslems into their core armies, it was for good reason. And it was not because of some pathological rejection of Ethiopian Moslems, but because of the negative role Moslem Ethiopians had played in Ethiopian history until very recently. The destructive legacy of Ahmed Gragn is a living history that daily reminds Ethiopian Christians of our courageous existence and the threats of Arab Countries against the survival of our Ethiopia, which is our reality.

When we compare how Moslems have been treated to date in Ethiopia as opposed to how Christians have been treated to date in Moslem countries, the difference is like night and day. After the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty and the incorporation of Egypt as part of the Roman Empire, Egypt became part of the Byzantine Empire with almost one hundred percent Christian population before the brutal conquest of Egypt by Caliph Omar in AD 639-641. With his fanatics and free loader Bedouins from Sinai, he subdued Egypt and forcefully converted almost all Christians into Islam, with less than a few millions Christians remaining now in very precarious existence—daily harassed, brutalized, and some even murdered, and some of their daughters abducted and raped or forcefully converted and married.

In Saudi Arabia there is not a single Christian Church. In fact, Christians would be imprisoned or violently brutalized if they were caught worshiping even in private in their own homes. In Iraq, the Christian Community is being liquidated as we speak, through brutal bombing of Churches and their congregations. Historical Syria, another totally Christian population, was forcefully and violently converted into Islam around the same time as Egypt, is now the home of a few hundred thousand Christians who have no political rights and whose fundamental human rights is daily violated both by the Government and their Moslem neighbors.

Ethiopian Moslems ought to take note of how Moslem Arabs Governments and some individual Arabs are abusing, murdering, and torturing my fellow Christians including Ethiopians in all of the Arab nations. Ethiopian Moslems ought to be counting their blessings in being Ethiopians, rather than raving and ranting and parading, as some do, “Ahmed Gragn,” the brutal and savage mercenary of the Ottoman Turks, as a hero in our faces here in the Diaspora. This is our time not our ancestors’ and Ethiopia is our shared motherland that should be defended against any foreign triggered aggression irrespective of the religion of such aggressors and instigators. Need I remind us that we were also attacked by Christian countries, such as Italy whose Catholic Pope blessed the illegal aggression of our country by Mussolini in 1931. Religion in the hands of evil leaders can be turned into a nightmare.

Whether it is in Ogaden or Harrar or any other area where there is foreign influenced and religion based insurrection, the Ethiopian army must be deployed in full force to crush such destructive challenges that threaten the national security and territorial integrity of Ethiopia. In fact, the nations that are financing and helping such insurrections in Ethiopia should be confronted with military force directly. But a weak Ethiopia under a despot like Meles Zenawi will not be able to carry out such strong foreign policy, for Meles Zenawi and his associates are more interested how best they could loot the national wealth through appeasement of our historic enemies and compromise with the new ones that will end up destroying Ethiopia in the long run.

One must not forget the fact that Ethiopia is a “Christian Country” with over sixty percent Christians in a population of about ninety million people. Of course, Muslims are an integral part of Ethiopia with a population of thirty to thirty five percent. This is the only country that has decently treated minority religions not only in the region but compared to any part of the world at the very least for the last one hundred fifty years. I hear and read these days hollow threats from newly minted credential-waving Diaspora Wahhabists (fundamentalist followers of Mohammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab) that Ethiopia will fall apart if it does not allow its tradition to be erased and make way to Shari’a type cultural dominance.

I do not really care if some people think of my statements above as a threat; I know I am stating the blunt truth. And we all know the facts. Do you want me to count how many of my Ethiopian sisters were murdered, raped, abused, treated as slaves et cetera just because of circumstances of extreme difficulties forced them to seek work in peace and dignity in Arab Nations, where they found neither, but brutality and inhuman treatment? Remember the fact that not so long ago, we, Ethiopians, hosted Saudis, Yemenis, and other Arab immigrants before the oil wealth turned them all into arrogant sub-human beasts treating helpless young Ethiopian women and others from poor countries in the most harrowing manner now. Shame on you all Arabs.

If Arab Muslims in their own rich countries in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Oil-wells-with-flags States (the Emirates), Libya, and Sudan are totally unable to respect the basic human rights of their own fellow religionists let alone those of Christians, how do the Ethiopian Muslims even in a dominant position in a poor country would do a better job in bringing any degree of harmony that is any better than the one practiced in Ethiopia for generations by pious Christian Ethiopians. It is just a pipedream of the “Gragns” of our time and that will not happen. As a matter of fact we already have examples of brutality and murder of Christians in limited cases in Ethiopia where the local Moslem population had felt that it has political power, and their first act is to persecute Christians. Ethiopia cannot afford religious intolerance from any corner.

II. Marxism and Leninism, the Ethiopian Student Movement, and the Ethiopian Military
A) The Ethiopian Military
In this section my discussion will not be a historical narrative, but a discussion focused on how such political and/or cultural forces were shaped into inauthentic format and negatively affected the course of our Ethiopian narrative during the Ethiopian Students’ Movement and also the effect on the Ethiopian Military. Although the Emperor in 1960 soon after the attempted challenge to his absolute power quickly reorganized his Government, the worms of contending political factions had started already eating the very core of his imperial power. And over a period of fifteen years they had sufficiently weakened the power of the Emperor, although the edifice of power remained in place with its commanding presence. However, it was a highly porous edifice waiting to collapse with a little push from any source or direction.

It is to be recalled that during the takeover of the Imperial Government by the coupe plotters, the Crown Prince Asfawossen made a radio address to the People of Ethiopia declaring Ethiopia to be a country with “Constitutional Monarchy.” After the defeat of the Coupe leaders, the Crown Prince had recanted his involvement and had claimed that he was forced to read that declaration of “Constitutional Monarchy” at gun point what was allegedly prepared speech by the Coupe plotters. However, a good number of people believe that the Crown Prince was involved in the plot to dethrone his father a lot more than what he claimed to be the case. We may never know the truth since he died on 17 February 1997. May be his close attendants might enlighten us on that secrete. However, I believe the Crown Prince was not involved with the plot itself, but acceded to it after the event had taken place. It is common sense to assume that no military coupe d’état would involve in its plot the very family it is aiming to replace.

It is popularly accepted that the Military Derg coordinated effort led by Colonel Atnafu brought about the Derg itself into a political force and dethroned the Emperor on 12 September 1974. The Imperial Government of Emperor Haile Selassie had resigned earlier in 1974. The actual event was far more complex than that simplistic deductive cursory view. A lot more happened around that crucial time with contending political forces jostling for power, since the time of the attempted overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie by his Body Guards’ Commander and his Security Chief in 1960. The Military rebellion was the serendipitous result of a festering dissatisfaction of a conspiratorial group of individuals located at the Ministry of Interior who felt that political power was slipping away from the Ankober Amhara group to Wollo and Tigryan aristocracy. They were the ones who carried out the assassination of Tilahun Gizaw, the popular student leader, in whom they saw a threat to the future of Prince Mekonnen’s Children that they were aspiring to bring into power changing the constitutionally guaranteed succession of Crown Prince Asfawossen.

The coming into power of Mengistu Hailemariam was an accident of history. He was the proverbial “ፍየል በግርግር እናቷን ታጠቃለች::” Mengistu Hailemariam is born of a family completely disfranchised as “barrias” from the main stream Ethiopian society. His entire life was consumed with that stigma, and his resentment of anything solidly Ethiopian, especially Amhara social stratification has no bound. His formative years in Gojam (where his father was stationed as a regular) were torturous years where he was called “barria” routinely by fellow students and neighborhood children and adults. Here is a clear example of the monumental danger of having as leader a disfranchised individual who belongs to a minority ethnic group with some ethnic stigma. There are some individuals who think that Mengistu was born of some “feudal lord,” which supposition is utterly nonsensical. At any rate the rumored parent either Dej Kebede Tessema or his close family member was not any better situated, for they in turn were also descended from domestics/slaves of King Sahle Selassie.

B) The Ethiopian Students Movement
Notwithstanding the recent accolade heaped on past Ethiopian student leaders [and some turned University professors], I hold that most of those individuals were engaged in their writings on a single nauseating theme with inconsequential variations: almost all of their writings, essays, poems, et cetera revolved around a single theme of anti-aristocracy and anti Ethiopia “backwardness” theme and on distorted depiction of the “feudal” economic system with the slogan “land to the tiller” as identification marker. Even much later, the adult scholars that were the subjects of solicitous “salutations” never truly had shade their student days stale rhetoric of third world mentality of victimhood. Can anyone remember anything that they wrote except maybe that of Wallelign’s tantrum on “nations and nationalities”? The output of so called scholars of the era of the student movement, such as Endreas is not that impressive at all, in fact the entire opus of that generation can fit a single small book shelf. I can only surmise that our “scholars” must be exceptionally lazy that their compound output could be measured by a single shelf space.

Some of the leaders of the student movement were very well known to me, since they were contemporaries to me at the HSI University. I attended their staged meetings that were utterly manipulated by Soviet Union recruited student agents, I heard their convoluted speeches on subject matters that they did not know that well, I listened to some reading of their silly poems whose single virtue was the use of equivocation in insulting the Emperor. We were dealing with a truly disfranchised, pathetic, and alienated student body that could not even maintain simple hygiene of body odder and stinking shoes, which dare insult a three thousand history of great leaders and their great sacrifices to maintain a three thousand years old free and independent nation. Try to run a small village for few months; in fact, let me reduce the challenge to a couple of extended families, and let me see how student-politicians would fare dealing with such difficulties.

Whether it is Endreas from Yale, or Tekalegn, the crocodile at HSIU, right in Addis Ababa in the late 1960s, they could not see the greater glory of the achievements of our historic “aristocratic” leaders compared to their pseudo Marxism-Leninism. Often the background of our student leaders in the 1960s was not seriously taken into consideration. True, a number of the leaders were children of entrenched families benefiting from the government structure of Haile Selassie. However, few members of the core moving force of the movement were from marginalized families or have traumatic individual life experience, such as Endrias, a foundling from Kembata/Gidole parents raised by charity in an Amhara family, and Tekalegn surviving a brothel life. How would anyone expect Ethiopia’s historical content to have sprouting roots in such barren individuals and affect their thinking to be patriotic? The problem here is not the identity of the parents but the social condition that resulted in resentful children. I have read almost all of the writings of the leaders and shadow writers of the student movement in student magazines both in Ethiopia and also in the Americas and Europe. I appreciate the effort and the occasional eloquence of both the Amharic and the English languages as used by such writers. In terms of substance it was just a waste, for it was not indigenous thought but borrowed vestment that poorly fitted us as members of the Ethiopian community.

The tragedy of our ignorance of our rich history had victimized us as students in the 1960s as easy preys for predatory propaganda instigated by the Soviet Union’s international communist movement perpetrated by Lenin, Trotsky et cetera (usually known as the Third International of 1919 that run its course by 1943) but was continued in a different and most vicious form by Stalin (Lenin having died some twenty years earlier in 1924) down to Nikita S. Khrushchev and Leonid I. Brezhnev. In the 1960 the Soviet Union was welding unprecedented world power. It was either the equal or even greater than the United States and its allies.

The Ethiopian student movement of the 1960s had caused us distortions to such an extent that we do not even want to consider now, some fifty years later, the institution of the Ethiopian Monarchy may be a legitimate alternative. It is incredulous to me that even after witnessing the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s under the weight of its horrendous crimes against its own citizens and crimes against millions more in other countries that we refuse to reconsider some serious questions about our past role in the overthrow of the Monarchy, but rather keep wadding through history blind folded and groping in the dark for a non-existing ideal form of government. Whether it is dialectical materialism, class antagonistic structure, or history as a dynamic self contained process, or the denial of human nature, Marx and his followers all made mistakes in their presumed perception of history and human beings. Theirs are views no different than an article of faith, and not a science or even rational. There is no showing of causation/nexus in their assertions, and none of their

We became impervious to the great narratives of our own great leaders who carved out an empire out of the primordial primitive prehistoric life they found themselves thousands of years ago before any other people even ventured out that far from their caves. How far we have fallen and regressed that the scums of our civilization have risen and choked us down to our present condition. Such was/is our fate in the hands of our Military Government of Mengistu and the current dictatorial Kleptomaniac Government of Meles Zenawi. These leaders (Mengistu and Meles) are completely the antitheses to the ethical and moral Imperial rulers of yester years. We tend to measure wrongly all of our past monarchs by the misdeeds and excess of Emperor Haile Selassie, even then without taking into account the many accomplishments of his reign of over fifty years.

In my last article I laid out the main trust of my position in support of a constitutional monarchy as an alternative institution to any form of cooperative establishment with a government dominated by ethnic interest, for I see an insurmountable obstacle in the person of Meles Zenawi whose mere presence will cripple any “coalition.” The one political force that can overcome Meles Zenawi and help forge a system of parliamentarian representative form of government of unity and solidarity with the election of a Prime Minister and his Cabinet Members is a constitutional monarchy set-up for Ethiopia. I did not suggest any one particular person for the role of a monarch: it could be a king or a queen. My preference will be based on certain obvious identification of the would-be “Monarch” as a “National Mother,” just as we identify Ethiopia itself. It is not impossible to have a man as a mother figure.

The Monarch functions as the symbol of national unity, Sovereignty, and territorial integrity. He or she will not have any involvement in the formation and administration of the Ethiopian Government. The British constitutional monarchy would be a good example to consider in fashioning our own limited monarchy governmental structure. It took the British over four hundred years to forge the very matrix of a none participatory Monarchy, and it is only recently just before the First World War that the true Constitutional Monarchical structure was fully realized in England.

III. Guiding Principles: The New Vision
I realize now that I simply cannot throw an idea to the public and expect it to take root in the minds of my fellow Ethiopians both in the Diaspora and back home in Ethiopia. A couple of weeks ago I reposted an idea that I have been mauling over for few years and finally mustered the courage to post it over two years ago in my Website and a few others. I am writing about the possibility of establishing a Constitutional Monarchy for Ethiopia. I am urging fellow Ethiopians to take my suggestion seriously.

There are many options, some better than others, in starting us out and in reinvigorating our stalling political situation. It is true that there is a form of political lethargy or some kind of political sluggishness, but I would not go as far as claiming a political “stalemate” as was indicated by Prof Messay Kebede in his highly challenging recent essay. Even if it might seem that Meles Zenawi has all the marbles and we “the people” and those that are in the opposition have almost none, I do not think this is the end game for us. To begin with we do have our tongues and pens and could launch our scathing expose of the corruption and atrocities being committed by Meles Zenawi and his associates. Of course, there are also exceptionally brave Ethiopians who speak their conscience even being in the beast’s mouth right there in Ethiopia, such as those hardy souls like Eskinder Nega and now the very young columnist Reeyot Alemu who are sticking it up Meles’s %@$$ right there and then.

Under such lopsided situation, there is no overt challenge to Meles Zenawi’s absolutist dictatorship. And yet the worst thing that may be is doing nothing. It is the main reason that Messay was moved to suggesting that we may have to form “broad coalition” so to say positing in a life threatening freezing political environment that we sleep with the enemy to stay alive and preserve Ethiopia. That is both an act of love and desperation. No responsible person would simply watch doing nothing as his nation is dismantled and being destroyed by a mercenary Government of Meles Zenawi. The alternative or the consequence of doing nothing is slow and torturous disintegration worse than Somalia. This is where I disagree, for I believe if pushed to the edge, the core Ethiopian people would take the lead and stand against any such disintegration.

The school-yard view of democracy that a number of Ethiopians write about or aspire for does not reflect the reality of life in Ethiopia. First of all we must not think of “democracy” as a defining principle of our humanity. A simple example of that fact is the situation where our humanity persists even if we are brutalized and oppressed by political leaders or by the norms of society. We need to see democracy as a process of compromise between individuals who have the prerequisite wisdom to know that through such negotiations that greater good can be realized for a vast number of people. It will not do if we mystify the process as something metaphysical.

IV. Coalition dealing with Meles and the Kiss of Death
On the other hand, one must understand my discussion of other alternatives should not be seen as some form of opposition to those who are bent on taking direct action, like civil disobedience, similar to Gandhi’s doctrine of Satyagraha, or armed struggle against the Government of Meles Zenawi. They can still carry out their goals even if there is a process of coalition. I personally do not want to have anything to do with Meles Zenawi. His evil deeds are not just limited to territorial issues but he has violated individual human rights with murders, tortures, and long term imprisonment of Ethiopians. According the UN findings Meles Zenawi and associates seems to have looted out over 8 billion dollars from Ethiopia in the last ten years.

I have utter contempt for Meles Zenawi’s traitorous street-smart approach to statesmanship, putting in mind also his unethical Machiavellian liquidation of his fellow TPLF leaders. But above everything else that he had skewered and still continue to harm us all, I cannot forgive nor forget his destructive anti-Ethiopia deeds and his support of Eritrea’s independence especially ceding our Ethiopian Coastal Territories of Afar and our Territorial Waters and the many islands in the Red Sea. It is the cumulated effect of a person whose deeds of corruption that spans almost two decades that hardened hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians against him and his Government.

I rejected the Killel system that was enshrined in the 1995 Constitution, which Constitution was imposed on the people of Ethiopia by Meles Zenawi and associates. I reject also the use of the word “peoples” in reference to the People of Ethiopia. This word is a tool of divisive schemes borrowed and carried over from the 1960s HSIU student movement being used flippantly even by the opposition. The goal for all political parties or fronts and also civic organizations should have been to enforce and safeguard individual human rights which would have included, as a matter of course, a certain degree of respect to ones ethnic identity. Such separate identification of “ethnic” based right is redundant for that same right is already contained within the basic or fundamental individual rights. Most importantly, I reject Article 39 of the 1995 Constitution on self-determination and/or up to secession and all related provisions. Those who advocate for its inclusion as a separate item in the bill of rights seem to have misread the concept of “statehood.” When they argue that the right of self-determination is included as an aspect of human and democratic rights, the net result seems to be, as absurd as it is that they are setting up a target in order to miss it.

Our culture is diverse, but that diversity is misconstrued to be a mark of difference rather than be looked at as the raw material from which the rich Ethiopian tapestry is being woven. Culture is only our reality in transition. In absolutist terms, no culture can be a goal, for culture (no matter how deeply felt) is simply a tool of survival, and as all utilitarian contraptions there will come a time when such culture becomes blunted, out dated, and simply fall apart due to overuse and obsolescence. Without such understanding of limits in our culture and enlightened guidance where appropriate, it is more than probable that we fall prey to chauvinism, ethnicism and primitive tribalism, and endless conflicts and final disintegration.

Ethnicity has no place in the political and economic life of our Ethiopia. Ethnicity should not have been elevated to such a degree as to form the very backbone of a political philosophy and structure as was done by TPLF. Numerous others have followed such ideology since the 1960s, but none had succeeded in taking state power other than the TPLF. It implemented its ethnicist philosophy as a political program for the first time for all of Ethiopia, in our long history. The result of such untested idea is a deeply fractured Ethiopia. We have moved back to the 1800s, a span of two hundred years. Ethiopia is a mosaic of cultures and people. No other country in the world, except the United States, can boast of such diversity. Our diversity must be seen and used as the foundation of our strength and beauty, rather than fault-lines of discontent and conflicts. Our diversity should not be used to divide us into small hostile isolated groups. Ethnic identity or language-based identity must never be used to divide people and weaken their voices by any political organization, party, or government organ (official).

The harm in the formation of ethnic based groups is no different than the harm one encounters in the formation of racist groups, and may be even more destructive of the social fiber of harmonious life of diverse groups living and sharing overlapping public and private spaces. No one should be limited by the fact of his or her ethnic identity from participation in the political, economic, cultural, and social life of our country. There shall be no privileged ethnic group in Ethiopia. Ethiopians have the right to move freely, settle anywhere, and form a family anywhere within Ethiopia or if they choose outside of Ethiopia. There shall be no law of restriction of these fundamental human rights. All Ethiopians are accorded the same types of rights and are called upon to discharge similar duties. No Ethiopian may be identified in official documents belonging to an ethnic group; the only identification on public record should be his or her Ethiopian Identity.

In our past history, when Christian Ethiopians fight against aggression from the outside, they fight for Ethiopia for their country. However, that is not true of Moslem Ethiopians in our history until very recently, for they fought to help other nations to defeat and conquer Ethiopia. There is a world of difference between such two approaches. It is easy for my detractors to label me as Moslem-hater. The reason I am facing facts headlong is not hatred of Moslems per se, but confronting rather a particular type of affiliation or sympathy of Moslem Ethiopians as was repeatedly shown in history that I am referring to. Ethiopia is equally ours, for Moslems and Christians alike. Fight for it; preserve it. Without Ethiopia, there is no freedom, no personal integrity, no autonomy, no pride, no family et cetera. Do not ever doubt it for a moment without Ethiopia we all will end up in Hellish life trampled under the barbaric boots of Arabs, Europeans, Americans, Indians, Chinese and everyone else.

The guiding principles of the new Ethiopia must place the survival of Ethiopia with its sovereignty and territorial integrity as its supreme singular core principle and its all consuming point of focus. Ethiopia is in great danger of disintegration or transition to a higher form of consciousness. It had been in transition since the time of the horrendous devastation caused by Ahmed Gragn, the surrogate Ottoman strongman. Since then Ethiopia has been its heroic fight in order to reestablish itself once again. From our recent past, we have learned an expensive lesson that individual political leaders must be counter checked by legitimate governmental structure based on the balancing of the three branches of government. We must start by accepting the fact that we do not have even a nascent democratic tradition, or a tradition of tolerance. Thus, we have to use an intermediary structure that will improve significantly individual human and civil rights, but not jeopardize or risk political fallout that will destroy the very fabric of Ethiopian unity and survival as a single country.

We all are aware of the fact that past “transitional governments” had changed into dictatorial “permanent governments” that of the transition period administration of the Military dictatorship of Mengistu Hailemariam followed by the Transitional Government of the EPRDF now that of the absolute dictatorship of Meles Zenawi, thereby plunging us again and again into dictatorial and brutal governments in our recent national history. We all have witnessed similar phenomenon elsewhere in the World as well. Thus, our approach must be carefully designed not to repeat the errors of our past. The individuals who are to be leading the Transition Government must be individuals who will not be running for office or be involved in any political leadership position in the election for the permanent Government after the transition period. They must not be actively engaged in any political party running for political office. They must be patriotic in their words and in their deeds with great pride in their Ethiopiawinet. They must be individuals with great integrity. They must be well versed in the history of Ethiopia and its diverse culture and people. As a system they must have demographic and regional diversity. Ω

Tecola Worq Hagos
July 25, 2011
Washington DC

  1. goffa
    | #1

    One must ask: If Islam is a “religion of peace”, then WHY are they beheading, shooting, viciously impaling, and blowing up innocent people all over the world? They proudly yell, “Allah akhbar” (God is great) every time they perpetrate an atrocity, and then strut about like barnyard roosters, boasting for all the world to see, while celebrating their atrocities in front of national television cameras. While “ordinary” every-day peace-loving Muslim citizens would never consider murdering, pillaging or plundering, the fact remains, twisted kooks exist who use Islam as an excuse to live out their sick fantasies and desires – and they are doing it in the name of Allah and the Q’uran/Koran which ORDERS them to kill the “infidels”….(And those of you who are “for” the Muslims, you need to wake up and realize that, unless YOU have converted to Islam, you’re considered an “infidel” and are on their “hit list” as well!)

  2. Roy Eappen
    | #2

    I am a Canadian and a great supporter of Our Constitutional Monarchy. The violent overthrow of HIM Emperor Haile Selassie was a tragedy for Ethiopia and for Africa. Restoring the Monarchy would be a very good idea. Constitutional Monarchy is an excellent system of government.

  3. tewbel
    | #3

    Thank you Professor Tecola.
    I am afraid that you are opening a can of worms. However, it is time that the truth must be said, and the practice “selective amnesia” be stoped.

  4. DRAMA
    | #4

    It is not enough to cite thousands of years of history if its net result now is starvation.
    Meles Zenawi has dragged our ancient country through a sewer-policy where our national pride, our territorial integrity, and our freedom/independence had been recklessly compromised and at times nullified.

  5. wedi samre
    | #5

    The idea that Ethiopian Muslims fought until recently against Ethiopia is an utter lie. Our Afar brothers are all Muslims. But they have always defended Ethiopia heroically against foreign invaders including against Egyptian muslims. As for Ahmed Gragn, his aim was not to destroy Ethiopia as a country, but to make it an Islamic state. He was not against Ethiopia but against Christianity. In contrast, Melis Zinwi and Shabia are hell-bent to destroy Ethiopia. We Ethiopians should be united against any attempt to pit us against each other on the basis of religion or language. We love very much and are very proud of our Muslim brothers. It is very wrong to put into question the absolute loyalty of our Muslim brothers to the Ethiopian nation.
    Long live Ethiopian unity!

  6. Senza Senso
    | #6

    yerasua siyarbat yesew tamaslalechi yilal Amara…as far as i understand democracy requires change of attitude, not change of lifestyle. you can make Meles Zenawi an Emperor but he will always remain a pig.

    there are kings all over the middle east and in morocco too. some have constitutions. ato tecola hagos should explain to us why such systems have failed to meet the aspirations of peoples in these countries.

    i donot know why some people still believe in blood and linegage than in meritocarcy and openness.

  7. Tamiru
    | #7

    I don’t know about this article and the motive of the writer. Was this article intended to bring people of Christianity and the Islamic faiths together or what? I am a devout and church going Christian and I take discomfort by how the writer painted the religion of Islam as if it wholly controlled by extremists or itself being extremist in nature. I grew up among Muslims and some of my best friends were mosque-frequenting devout (Mesgid gelles). And I also have lived for a short time in Middle East among Arabs. I don’t believe the writer’s claim that the entire population in countries like Saudi Arabia will depart if they are told that they are free to do so is accurate. I think the writer is over taken by emotion or thinks his writing may over joy some folks in the State Department. But I tell you this: USA is much more matured nation and the department is packed with people of fair mind and compassion. They will despise such brown nosing. And for our people and country, such tongue-lashing of a religion of more than a billion people, will not further the accord. His attack should have been directed and home in on Al Qaeda, extremist right wing Christian, Hindu and Jewish religious groups be it here, the Middle East, Asia or Africa. Such groups are the ones who are tearing the human race apart. They should be exposed, exposed, exposed and condemned. When Al Qaeda is condemned, we should not also condone what Atse Yohennes IV did to the Muslims, Catholic and Protestant communities in Wello and Gondar regions. When we talk, we should do just that, talk. And talk rightfully so. In the meantime, even though I vehemently disagree with his article, I still believe that he is entitled to his opinion and to say it so without the fear of being persecuted or physical harassment. But he is wrong.

    In the Name of The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit. Amen!!!!

  8. deres
    | #8

    Professor Tecola Hagos whenever he discusses the past ethiopian political events, has a very demeaning view of the student movement. This attitude resembled very much that of a friend of mine who happened to come from a feudal family and blames the student movment for dethroning Hailesilassie and for the loss of previledge that he and his family used to enjoy. yes the students movement was violent-friendly, leftist, class oriented and an exercise of imposition of socialist totalitarianism on ethiopian society. mengistu just got babtized with this ideology and used the gun to establish himself as king of socialism. But the student movement has the plight of ethiopia as its banner. They were holding the slogan of land to the tiller. professor tecola luckily enough may not have appreciated the improtance of such slogans as he was from a feudal family. But many of the students came from poor family and were victims of the entrenched feudal mode of governance of the country. I have read a lot of the poems and writings of the students of the time. Tatek, endihnew, etc were student magazines that displayed marvelous literary writings of students which even to this day arouse emotions and feelings for the plight of the poor and the downtrodden. How professor Tecola denigrates those writings is plain amazing. However, Professor Tecola has his views right on the need to play down the tone of ethnicity. He explicitily stated equality of citizns which is a reqirement of modern government. Many of his arguments are factual and true as well as historical. I have reservation on the relevance of constitutioanl monarchy. The monarchy has lost its place in the ethiopian society. It was an age long form of kingdom that failed to stand up to the demands of a modern state and was a symbol of the preservation of primitve feudal society and feudal culture. it is now something artificial and purposeless to discuss a monarchy in any meaningful way. What profesor tecola said bout mengistu is partly true. But i take mengistu as a victim of ethnic racism which later turned powerful to haunt the nation. here the argument that any one who is deemed ‘inferior’ should not come to the position of power is an arguement of ethnic racism extended, guilt by ethnic association. It is an inhuman assertion. It is equivalent to saying barack obama because of being black should not be allowed to become a usa president. Another point is: Professor Tecola must not automatically endorse the views of mesay, or teodros or others because of “friendship” . Some of the things that professor mesay writes may be unrealistic, some may be very good. So as the amharic term suggestes “yilugnta” is not good.

  9. Samuel
    | #9

    To read an article of this nature in the aftermath of Anders Behring Breivik’s massacre of Norwegian peaceful people in the name of preservation of Christian heritage shows how weak the human mind is. The weakedness is not bound by national states or not limited to any one partuicular religion. Tecola Hagos knows very well the atrocities of Yohannis IV, a Christian fundamentalist, on Wollo people. That tragedy is still being studied by scholars. It still remains a wound seriously remembered by the sufferrers of that human tragedy.

    I had a respect for this guy for a while. I have lost it all.

  10. temsgen
    | #10

    today i was going to work thinking what the hell why not the monarchy come and part of ethiopians .then after work going home opening my laptop i find this article about the monarchy wow good idea.

    lets go for it.there was never been a problem during HMJ TIME MUSLIM or christians even eteg menen was muslim family which is not every one know about it.

    good idea.go for it.

    | #11


  12. astra
    | #12

    This pretentious fellow who is neither a “Dr” or a “Professor” is at it again. He could not shed himself from the absolute hated he has to what he calls “Shewan Amharas” He is now trying to pull the wool over eyed by a so called “Constitutional Monarchy” idea. As he has already eliminated some “ethnic” groups, he may preferably be sponsering Meles, or Siye or himself or someone else from his preferred “ethnic” to become an Emperor His evil intention against Amharas has no bounds. Go to his website if you doubt it!

  13. BHMS
    | #13

    I hardly believe that the author of this article is an Ethiopian. You have no clue about Ethiopian history. You lack the basics of common sense and logic. Shame on you! Let me tell you some facts:

    - Ethiopia was there before Christianity, even before Judaism : so never confuse yourself ‘Ethiopia was once majority Judoist, then majority Christian, and now time come almost Muslim majority … take a deep breath and accept the truth.
    - Ethiopians protect Ethiopia for so many years. If you refer history … the Europeans try to colonize Ethiopia many times in different occasions. Greeks, Romans, English, Italians etc. So during these times, Ethiopians with indigenous beliefs, pagans, Christians, Muslims, and all fought for their freedom.
    - Do you know about Adwa battle? Do you know how many solders Ras Mekonen brought that day ? they were all from Harar and they all were MUSLIMS!!!! How about Ras Mikael (oh sorry Mohammed Ali) ? yeah, he had the second largest army at that time. And they all were from Wollo = MUSLIMS again
    - Ahmed (Geragn) was one of the Ethiopian leaders. I know it is hard for christians to accept him as a king, like Muslims do not accept Yohanes as a king. But Ahmed was an Ethiopian King. Once he ruled the country.

    ops, It will take like all day if I keep correcting your ‘stinky shit’. So I have to leave you here. BTW, the ‘Constitutional Monarchy’ thing, it doesnt work just keep fantasizing in your dreams.

  14. gragn Ahmed
    | #14


  15. Lemma Dawit
    | #15

    As a university srudent Tecola Hagos was politically ignorant and uncommitted just interested in painting.When the TPLF took power he became a weyane anti Amhara chauvinist but Meles did not appreciate him and he fled again to pen one nonsense after another. He is still a tigrean christian fundamentalist fascist despite his pretense at democracy.I suspect with old age he has also lost his marbles and is wallowing in frustration.Hence his diatribe against Moslems and non Tigreans, against democrats. Does he want Ras Mengesha in power? is there a post for him in a Tigrean monarchy?Shame on you and please shut up

  16. Ali
    | #16

    Thank you very much for your engaging article.
    Your reference towards Ethiopian Muslim needs further refinement and even some apology! You missed some facts. The history of Ethiopian Muslims not full addressed in your article. Otherwise it is a time to discuss openly about the history of Islam in Ethiopia. Before you start writing you need to do more reading about our history in this respect.

    About the Ethiopian student movement the Chernobyl generation! you are dead right. I congratulate you Sir.

  17. Tamiru
    | #17

    Gragn Ahmed;

    I am with you in regards to your criticism of Mr. Tecola’s article. If you can call this article!! It is rather a misguided diatribe out of the mouth of a confused philosopher. He may describe himself as some one who does not have hatred to a religion. But he may not recognize his subtle instincts but according to his malignant mumbo-jumbo, he has all the indications of a deep-seated phobia. A phobia much ado for nothing!!! We should all stand in unison, Muslims, Christians and all other followers of different creeds, and ask him to apologize. As a Christian who grew up with so many fine and descent Muslims, I am offended. The descendants of those Muslim merchants in Addis Ababa during the Italian Fascist occupation who endangered their lives in providing critical material and intelligence assistance to Abebe Aregay and his patriotic forces would be offended. Those Afar Muslims who provided refuge and safe passage to many Christians during and years after the Italian invasion can be left with a sour taste in their mouth by this irresponsible trash. But I am sure they will understand that he could be one of those very few of Northerners who idolizes King Yohaness IV and know that his jeremiad is heading straight to the dustbin of history. He should realize that he wrongfully has offended many and apologize. The stubborn behavior characteristics of King Yohaness IV will not cut the mustard.

    And now to Gragn Ahmed: You should not blame religion for the ills of a society. What Gragn did was wrong and murderous. You should target those individuals who mustered absolute power for the suffering they brought upon people, be it their own or others. What King Yohaness did to Muslims and other sects of Christianity was wrong and murderous. What Queen Yodit did was wrong and murderous. I should not hate you as a Muslim and you should not harbor any animosity to individuals like me because I profess the faith of Christianity or because of what might have happened in the past. If I exhibit a phobia or hatred toward religions other than mine, then you reserve the right not to like me or my convictions but not my religion. In stead, individuals like you and I should hold hands and put such individuals to shame. You and I should harangue those carpetbaggers huddled around splinter organizations, be it nationalist or narrow nationalist, to form a united front and get rid of the ills that ravaged our people back home. You and I should preach harmony and peaceful co-existence between our religions and nationalities where I can seek your support in condemning such vile comments and you are assured to seek my unwavering support in discrediting this Iyaala Souk Bin Laden. Religions never tear people apart but it has been certain individuals and their cabals who took advantage of the raw zeal of the believers. Do you think that poor farmer in Spain during the Inquisition had any idea what the Inquisition entailed when the ruler and Pope put out a decree about it? He never had any idea and most probably did not pay attention at all when it came to fruition. He never expected that one day the Emperors soldiers will roam around and ransack his village looking for imaginary heretics. By the time he realized it, it was too late for him to do anything about. And we know what happened to Spain after it was all done and finished. It continued to deteriorate toward backwardness well until the 1970′s. Was it Christianity’s fault? No it was not. It was the work of those rulers and misguided zealots.

  18. Anonymous
    | #18

    Dont forget that its those stupid christian “Leaders” who drag Ethiopians 100 years back

  19. Zerayakob Yared
    | #19

    የባርነት ክፍለ-ዘመን ጊዜው ስላለፈበት አንተንም ነጻ ለቅቄሃለሁኝ ብለው ያሰናበቱት ባርያ, ነጻ ወጣሁኝ ብሎ ከጌታው ጊቢ ገና ውጣ ሲል, ነጻነት ያልተለመደ ነገር ይሆንበትና, በራሱ ላይም መተማመንን ስላጣና ኑሮንም በራስ ትግል መቁዋቁዋም ስለተሳነው, ወደ ጌታው ዘንዳ መለስ ብሎ, ‘የትም መሄድ ስለማልችል እርስዎ ዘንዳ የባርነት ኑሮየን ለመቀጠል እፈልጋለሁኝና ግድይለዎትም ይግዙኝ’ አለ እንደተባለው አይነት ነገር ይመስላል!

    ወደኋላ መመለስ የለም:: ችግራችንን እየተንወላገድንም ቢሆን ግን ወደፊት በመራመድ ብቻ መወጣት አለብን!

    ሃይማኖታዊም ሆነ መንግስታዊ ከላይ ወደ ታች የሚረግጥ የፊውዳሊዝም ግዛት ለዘላለሙ ይውደም! አሁንም መሬት ላራሹ ይሁን, የብሄረ ሰቦች እኩልነትም ይለምልም! አወናባጆችና ሃሳውያን አሳባቂዎችም ከፊውዳሊዝም ጋራ አብረው ይወድማሉ! ነጻ ኢትዮጵያም በነጻነት ፍላጎት መንፈስ በሚንቀሳቀሱ ልጆችዋ ትግል ትከሰታለች!

  20. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #20

    Dear Deres and All:
    Deres has commented on the rational of my criticism of the Ethiopian students’ movement. I appreciate Deres’s concern and characterization of the Ethiopian students’ movement as genuine concern of the “plight of Ethiopia,” and that is well and good. But good intentions alone may not reflect past reality nor bring about any concrete and long lasting reform. I do not necessarily disagree with the assessment that some poorly understood patriotism could be at work in the movement. My concern is the issue of context. If the movement had focused on local or indigenous solutions, the tone of my criticism would have been different. My indignation against the Ethiopian students’ movement has to do with the lack of authenticity of the student leaders and the sheepishness of the general student body of the time. I do not think it is the business of students barely out of their teenage years to be involved to such degree of political engagement, often being used by far more destructive anti-Ethiopia groups and nations. The business of students is to be students not political full-time agitators. For example, the Eritrean liberation movement, the Arab nations, the Soviet Union et cetera all used the Ethiopian students of that era to molest their own Motherland. What is there to be proud of under such facts?

    All generalizations carry exceptions, so does my generalized assessment of the ethos of Ethiopian Moslems in Ethiopia’s long history. My reference to “very recent” time is meant to refer to at least a hundred to a hundred fifty years in our immediate past, putting in mind a three thousand plus years history of Ethiopia. I did not write there were no exceptionally courageous and patriotic Moslem Ethiopians who fought against the recent Italian occupation of five years 1935-1941. I even wrote in my past articles about the heroic patriotism of my own Moslem grand uncles/cousins from Wello who fought against the Dervishes at Metema and later against the Italians. May be I should have restated that in this article too, just to make sure that the least gifted would have a continuous graphic representations before their minds’ eyes. I see also making proper inferences from an article is serious problem with a number of individuals posting comments.

    Nevertheless, my article has done its mission: raising the level of patriotism and Ethiopiawinet even if some of it as an expression of indignation. In the outrage felt by individuals like Tamiru because he felt I did not clearly indicate the patriotism of Ethiopian Moslems (he did not seem to recognize the exception contained in my phrasing “recent…”) and due to his solidarity with fellow Ethiopian who happen to be Moslems is a prelude to the type of social involvement I wish for, the type that would make Ethiopians of any religion and ethnic background jump out of our comfortable Diaspora sofa and confront the current dictatorial and oppressive Government of Meles Zenawi. Of course, there are hired Shabia and Meles guns writing garbage and filling up space here on ABUGIDA and elsewhere. My admonishment in its totality remains. The threat against the integrity of Ethiopia and often brutal treatments of immigrant Ethiopians in Arab Nations is our reality that we have to confront as Ethiopians irrespective of our religion.

  21. Haileyesus
    | #21

    Zereyakob i raised my hand and uttered the same slogan that you said.

  22. Tamiru
    | #22

    Oh boy!!! What stubbornness!!! This is one of your comments in your article that I found unnecessary and potentially offensive. Please read it again whether in or out of the context of your ‘article’.

    ‘Through out history they were “fifth columnist” to Ethiopia’s life and death struggle to survive as “a Christian island in a sea of Moslems.” If Ethiopian leaders in the past were reluctant to enlist Ethiopian Moslems into their core armies, it was for good reason. And it was not because of some pathological rejection of Ethiopian Moslems, but because of the negative role Moslem Ethiopians had played in Ethiopian history until very recently.”

    Your reply indicates that you are not flexible and emits a heavy does of obdurate conviction. I suspect your knowledge of the Muslim community back home and the Middle east is from afar. I am not sure if you ever had a chance to live with Muslims in close quarters and grow up among them. I, as millions others, did. And I have kept my Orthodox Christian faith intact and unscathed.

    And I want to put you on the spot with this question: Do you think what King Yohannes did to Muslims in Wello and Tigray was fair and justified? Please don’t even try to give me that lawyers’ run around and I am looking for ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer, sir.

    Our Muslim brothers and sisters are dealing with the extremist elements themselves. They have refused to go with Bin Laden and his extremist agenda. They have reminded him what is written in the Holy Koran about Ethiopia and denied him the cannon fodder he has been looking for. Without such help, no government would have been able to stop a carnage if the majority of our Muslim brothers and sisters chose to allow him and his ‘cadres’ in their midst. You should know that and all of us should realize that. It is not an era of ‘Zerraaf, Zerraaf’ but rather a time where we should all be watchful of what we say. We should not put such an incendiary comment on public waterhole such as Abugida.

    Again, man up and apologize.

  23. Sanu
    | #23

    I always wonder if all these invisible commentators are really concerned about the well being of Ethiopia or the people. I have no doubt that at least some of them are agent provocateurs, shabbia agents, meles mercenaries,etc. Do yu recall the Egyptian secret agent who used a pen name and was writing dehumanizing articles about Ethiopian history and Ethiopian leaders? He was finally exposed by Ato Obang Metho and has since disappeared or may be using a different name. Any one has the right to write his opinion, agree or respectfully disagree. I am always wary of those who resort to name calling and abusive language.

  24. maseb
    | #24

    Tecola is just attention seeker and suffers from inferiority complex.

  25. deres
    | #25

    Dear Professor Tecola W. Hagos
    It is great to discuss our country’s politics in a civilised manner without jumping in to the bandwagon of characterisation and misplaced insults. But off the mark of discussion i have admiration for your intellectual prowess, the level of concern that you show for ethiopia, the way that you put forward your point of view without bothering to please a particlular pressure group, or adopting the safer option of writing what that pressure group wants to hear. Afterall only those who have been put in those situation would know what it meeans to live every minute under the fear of horrific death in a prison under a death machine called dergue that had virtually no mercy for those who fell in its hands.. to come out of that horific state of imprisonment and lead a respectable intellectual life is a virtue that is given to the few for which i admire you. put in the same situation, i probably would die insane as a result or live the rest of my life with a broken state of mind. I state this to mean that not all of us here are standing on equal footing.

  26. seid
    | #26

    i dont know where to start about this idiot pretend to be educated
    he is calling him self as an ethiopian and Ethiopia is aland of Christiand.This is a crazy language am listening from all Ethiopians
    you should forget this its crazy to say that.

    First of all as a Human a being created in that i look like ethiopian.then i dont know until the religion began which religion i belongs to i might have been agnostic in the i can rember my grand grand father was amuslim before i dont know where do you put me

    ethipian ,ethiopian christian, jud. i dont know so you will say ethiopian christian land i was not christian so that land does not blongs to me.

    that will sound for you aswel. before christianity there was ethiopia so ethiopia was ,belogs to which religion tale you cant be ethiopia then.being muslim it doesnt make me the arab world there are alots of difference if it was for areligion somalia could have been the best place but being a muslim doesnt save them from all this disaster,you should differnciat religion and self religion say its ok to merry you cusine but thats not my cup of tea.its not my cultur thats where the problem is there are alot of thing we ethiopian make us uniqe.

    when yoy think of muslim instead of thinking arab think your brother who converted or accept the religion full stop.that will make sense.

    its not the people come and like a hallow movie posese you .
    its the reigion which you converted and accepting it which means you have no controle over it.

    the best thing you can do to your child is to teach him your religion until he get to the adult age.

    after that you have no right to control your child even God never blame you or panish you becouse you have done what you have too.he can be muslim,christian,jew,that is not your thing before your death you have done some thing great you have showed him your way.

    after that my way or no way doesnt work violeting human right or you become muslim extrimst who kills his doughter becouse she merried from other religion.thats not ethiopian muslim if you can see the differens
    cos our father say its good if you merry your region person but she refuse its her responsiblity.

    latsly as a muslim i am patriot to my beloved country ethiopia than any any any any any one in the whall world .cos you are christian better ethiopian you talking rubbish.its you blood its you chilld who chose the religion not other stranger come to your home,if he doesnt like door wet he choose shero wet .make sense.

    i love any one if become muslim in ethipia what is the proplem.
    its not you can stop it we dont force they love it they take it.
    ethiopia was there before religion comes.we were there as a brother and sister now the so called religion come you cant stop me which way to go.

    the barberic areb behavier it thats part of their cultur nothing to do with the religion i would advice you if you could have contact Dr ZAki or search in the Web so you know what muslim religion mean.not moslem spel it proplerly .Ethiopia l zelalem tenur.

  27. Biru Zewdneh
    | #27

    I reread twice Prof Tecola’s recent Article (Part Two…) just to be sure I have understood the content of his ideas. True, there are some statements that could have been written differently in order not to ruffle some senstive individual’s feathers. But that is the charm of reading commentaries and essays by Tecola, for his bluntness and elequence in stating his views, often unorthodox ideas. You either hate him or love him, No one can be indifferent reading Tecola, for he has the soul of the truly gifted creative genius, and the mind of uninhibited seeker of truth and foundational structures. I have read many of his articles and essays and his book too. No one should doubt his unadultrated patriotism and his great love for “Ethiopia” his Ethiopia, our Ethiopia.

    In this future-oriented soul searching commentary, what comes through is not hate for Muslim Ethiopians, but a profound love for the oneness of all Ethiopian people. Tecola does not want to build some facade on poor foundation of lies, but what he is saying is that we need to confront our past in order to know each other better and appreciate the greatness of our Fatherland/Motherland. Why are you people afraid of confronting our reality unless you want to hide something destructive? There is nothing ahistorical that Tecola wrote about Muslims or Arabs. He is simply challenging us to put Ethiopia first under the current condition of possible disintegration because of the type of Government we have. I think it takes great courrage to tell us all what we have been hidding and suffering for it. Thank you Prof Tecola, Ye Wollo lij.

  28. Tamiru
    | #28

    I agree with you on a lot of your points. I differ with you on the idea that religions are the main reasons for our ills. Practically all major religions of the world today do not preach summary condemnation of followers of other creeds. If there has been any such callous act now, it is the work of evil individuals and groups they formed around the sacred tenets of religion. They have this heinous plan to create a fiefdom on their own people from the outset. Some they call themselves Caliphs and others aggrandize themselves as David Koresh, the Final Prophet of the Branch Davidians. They promote themselves as the only messengers of God. Their word becomes God’s words. To ascertain their influence and power over their own people, they become ruthless. They maim such beautiful parts of human body that can only be created by the Almighty. Others burn human beings including innocent and trusty children to death. Some of them force members to drink poison to death including, again, children. Were(are) all these barbaric acts are preached and defended by any tenets of modern day religions? No they were(are) not. Unless all of us come to the grips of this truth and fact, we will continue to blame this or that religion for what happens (happened). The result, as population continues to surge under a wretched livelihood, is a sad ending. Bad apples on both sides will try to exploits such misgivings and arouse their misguided people on other people who profess a different religion. Islam is a wonderful religion on its own merits and Christianity is a wonderful religion in its own rights. So is Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism,Bahá’í and many other religions of the modern world.

    In regards to At Tecola, he is not an idiot. I have read many articles he wrote on his website (recently not updated) before and most of them deserve approval ratings. He is an educated person. But he must have taken too much of this side of what seems to ‘logical’ deductions. That can be sometimes confusing. Confusion can lead to hasty and hodgepodge comments/article. And that landed his article on a field of dynamite left behind by the unfortunate part of our history.

  29. Enkuselase
    | #29

    Ethiopia Le Zelalem Tenur !

  30. idris
    | #30

    as a muslim axum or lalibela,or fasiledds,mean a lot to me becouse.thats where our god he showed his ingeniuty in our beloved country ethiopia ,
    we are part of the history,cos before we converted to islam we were christians,thats our history,when you become a muslim,that doesnt change your culture,way of eating,may be drinking,which is even forbiden in christian aswel,and some muslim stil drink .you seem to eat mortodela but chritian religion never allowed,we dance its our culture,so become a muslim doesnt take your ethiopianisem.
    atleast we share some language,like,ferese,mender,selam,bate,foke,shermuta,babure,baher,


    look english its in our uni,schools,colleg,does it change our culture or ethiopianism,no!for me any one from any part of ethiopia is my brother than any muslim from any part of the world.its like as a muslim if i go to soudi arabia i dont get a better treatement than a soudi muslim .but my ethiopian christian can treat me they say all muslim is a brother may be cos they they think etenity brother,in that place the only brother is your good did when you were in life full stop.if any muslim disagre thats my view,i am the one who gone be panished so dont be offended,no muslim cant be my brother,we have seen it in arab country,we have seen it in somalia bloody 20 years no one come to save them.the only brother is my fello country man which ever religion he is.

    we ethiopians are truly brother and sisters ,christians,muslim merried with out any problem thats us,

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