TPLF and the unbalanced growth strategy – By Geletaw Zeleke

November 28th, 2011 Print Print Email Email

To help boost the economies of low income countries a development strategy named unbalanced growth theory was introduced by development theorists. With the use of this strategy select economic zones grow at rapid rates, while other economic zones experience stagnation or reduced growth as a result. The objective of this strategy is to concentrate wealth in special economic zones to make it easier to build momentum for breakthroughs in the overall development.

According to development theorist Professor Albert O. Hirschman it is vital to create deliberate imbalances in the economy of countries to accelerate development. This is especially true for those countries who may not have enough initial resources to create the “big push” needed on their own. The idea is that acceleration of growth will arise where there is unbalance. The ultimate goal of unbalanced growth strategy, importantly, is not to realize unbalanced development but to realize balanced development.

In fact this approach has worked as an economic model for some countries. For example, South Korea experienced this type of growth. In the 1970s, lacking resources to develop their country rapidly they selected areas to invest their wealth in, in order to boost their overall economy. As they planned they could develop specific economic zones and after that those areas would replicate themselves and be recreated in other industries. Within a few years Korea was able to develop their country and today is a country that has achieved fair economic distribution.
In Ethiopia it appears the government and its fans are unofficially claiming that Ethiopia is experiencing unbalanced growth and because of its nature majority of the peope can not presently feel the effects of development. This translates to mean that it is not the right time to realize redistribution in the case of Ethiopia because concentrated wealth is not ripe enough for the overall development but for the “future” it will change citizen life.
I think they believe all huge economic disparities are the results of the nature of the growth strategy that they are employing.
We have no problem with the science of unbalanced growth theory as far as it is implemented carefully. In my opinion the strategy of unbalanced growth can be useful for many low income countries but it can not work in the case of Ethiopia because of the following arguments.
The political Setup
At the very beginning, to choose an unbalanced growth strategy, there should be a conducive political environment and setup. In a country whose politics is shaped by ethnicity and where ethnic federalism is practiced there is not enough confidence in the circle of concentrated wealth. The nature of Ethiopian politics pushes citizens to identify themselves in terms of their cultural group and this tendency is also seen in the individuals who own and manage the concentrated wealth who also identify themselves in terms of their cultural groups.
Weak nationalism and bias to the ethnic group prohibit an unbalanced growth strategy from succeeding. The nature of identity politics damages the psychological attachments of the people. It is difficult to concentrate wealth in the hands of small groups since nationalism is weaker. In a country that promotes identity politics this type of growth strategy couldn’t be effective.
Very Low Certainty About Redistribution
As we have said above the goal of unbalanced growth theory is to speed up development, not to create economic classes. Ethiopian people do not have faith that wealth can be redistributed fairly after it has been ripened by unbalanced growth. Since the trust of people is very low they are not certain that concentrated wealth will be redistributed or given to develop the country. In a nation who politicizes geography and culture there is no guarantee for the people who work hard to concentrate wealth in specific economic zones.
Corruption Culture
Taking a look at the Transparency International yearly reports a surprising fact is that since the Ethiopian Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission was established the Transparency International CPI (Corruption Perception Index) score is decreasing. In 2002 the CPI score was 3.5 after years it has decreased to 2.7 in 2010. Ethiopia was also placed 60th in 2000 and after a decade it is placed 116th in the index. This shows that corruption is growing.
The irony is that GDP is growing and strangely corruption is growing simultaneously. This might indicate the type of corruption is more likely not of a competitive type but rather of a monopolistic type of corruption.
The problem is the risk is very high to implement unbalanced growth in this kind of country.
4. The Theory Needs Independent Institutions
A guarantee for the choice of using the unbalanced growth development strategy is the existence of independent institutions. An independent banking system, independent court and the like are responsible for risk takers.
According to the World Prosperity Index Ethiopians have very low trust in these institutions.
“A lack of democratic ability and confidence blights the Ethiopian political system […] the judiciary lacks independence[…]there appears to be little respect for the rule of law and the country is notable for its poor regulatory environment for business, placing 101st in the index on this variable. Levels of confidence in the military and judiciaries are both very low. Ethiopians have few political rights, but 16% reported having voiced an opinion to a public official recently. Unsurprisingly, only 19% of the population believe that the electoral process is honest.” (2010; World Prosperity Index)
In such a country as Ethiopia, that lacks independent institutions, it is impossible to actualize unbalanced growth strategy.
Article 39 vs. Unbalanced Growth
Ethiopia is most likely the only country which declares secession in its Constitution. This article is a potential problem to implement the unbalanced growth. There is no guarantee for the people that wealth will be returned for redistribution because this article practically declares it while creating psychological fragmentation among cultural groups at the same time.
Potential for Conflict
If there are no independent institutions and if culture and geography are politicized then concentrated wealth can not be a development accelerator as it ought to be, rather, it becomes a potential for conflict among groups.
Let’s take a look at the EFFORT (Endowment Fund For Rehabilitation Tigray). This organization is the wealthiest organization in Ethiopia. The wealth of the country is concentrated here. The problem is that the people believe that the wealth belongs to all Ethiopians but the TPLF official Mr. Sibehat Nega the former EFRT chairman declared that the organization belongs to the Tigray tribe but it is “serving” the whole people. This attitude creates a psychological gap and as a result people develop mistrust. This huge proportion of the country’s wealth could be a stimulant of politics. Since the leaders of this organizations are all from one tribe and these individuals are very high rank government officials it is difficult to trust in. The people have a well founded fear that this money can not be put to developmental activity rather it confined to a profit oriented monopolized organization. The group does not worry about development and service rather it is embezzlement in order to maintain the economic upper hand.
To sum up unbalanced growth strategy in the current general condition of Ethiopia is not only disadvantageous but also it is a harmful strategy.

The writer can be reached at geletawzeleke@gmail.com

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  1. morry
    | #1

    my friend,

    if you can’t feed yourself, and rely on international food aid to keep away hunger and famine, whatever figure the ethno-fascist Tigre People Liberation Front comes up with, it does not make sense.

    Tigre People Liberation Front are the lie factory of the century and they believe that if you repeat your lie over and over a thousand times, people will believe it.

  2. Mengistu Teshale
    | #2

    The thing is Effort is a mafia organization created by our brothers in the north (OBIN) with sole objective of transferring assets, wealth and opportunities to a chosen people in the north at a rate unknown in the past in the world looted from the rest of Ethiopians. Knowingly and or Knowingly they have created a monster with an apartheid system which is expanding like malignant cancer. No one even Melse himself can’t control it any more. The positive externality associated with being OBIN is obvious, I know someone who has changed his name to take advantage of it. Nowadays, every opportunities including education – the only tool and hope for skipping poverty – is taken away by our OBIN:s. Europe is full of post graduates students belonging to (OBIN)s. if you see few other in between, those are guys who have secured the opportunity by individual effort and they are struggling to make it. Some of OBIN get a fully paid scholarship with their family next to them which is paid by GOE from Donors money received in the name of all Ethiopians. Sooner or later the rest of Ethiopia will be dependent on OBIN:s intellectual capacity. Judging by what is going on now it will be easy to guess that OBIN will try to subjugate the rest of us into submission or we will face the mother of conflict to resolve the tension now. I hope the OBIN will say no to the open discrimination that is being unleashed on the rest Ethiopians since 2005 and help us to come to peaceful resolutions to this tension. Effort and the apartheid system should be dismantled. EFFORT should be audited and the part of money which was looted should be given back to Ethiopian people.

  3. Babu
    | #3

    It seems the regime grabs any theory that looks good to them and apply it to suit their long term agenda. This unbalanced development on top of developmental state economy is being done to amass wealth and maintain political power. TPLF program still says it will establish Tigray Republic and thier economic machinery EFFORT has become the all encompassing and monopolising conglomerate in Ethiopia. Now why would they not take this out of their program? Why TPLF still maintains independence and use the facade EPRDFE to dominate politics in Ethiopia? What is preveting them (TPLF) to merge and form national party with singular program? On top of these many policy makers and shakers are TPLF members. Just go to any government owned and privately owned companies and see who are the lead people or behind the scene leaders.
    We are in a big mess and trouble. It is only with the miracle of God we will overcome this troubling and trying time. If there is no all encompassing adjustment, I am afraid all will be for nothing and who knows who will the beneficiary of all these wealth….history is replete with such all for nothing situations….

  4. SOLE
    | #4

    we need visionary leaders that can lay out plans for life after Meles in every sphere of life. Don’t wait to plan for the future of Ethiopia until the regime fails. Let us put policies together as to how Ethiopia needs to move forward. What kind of Ethiopia are we drawing in our mind?

  5. aha!
    | #5

    For the TPLF/eprdf regime to fit into international index, it has to abandon the ideologies of ethnic fereralism, secessionism and totalirinism as antithesis to capitalism and democracy as well as individual freedom, liberty and equality to supercede ethnic and secessionist rights by resorting to the political boundries of the original provinces and developing the country accross ecological regions.
    Under such scenario humanitarian, economic and political crises will be handled as a national issues, rather the issues of indiviual state or ethnicity, where the individual is the basic autonomous and democratic and capitalistic unit of the Ethiopian society. This ideology overides the ideology of ethnic fereralism secessionism and totaliarinism, fostering a constituition based on individual freedom, liberty and equality, and restoring Ethiopian Nationalism, Ethiopian National Interests and the sovereignity of Ethiopia. Simultaneously, this ideology and therfore a constitution based on individual freedom, liberty and equality along with Ethiopian Nationalism, and the the Sovereignity of Ethiopia and the development of the the infrastuctures and other economic delopments carried out according to ecological regions will nullify unequal development practices as is now the case of self rule, separate development but unequal developments under a diviosion of Ethiopian land mass by seven of the nine and/or 80 ethnic groups and also eliminates ethnic rule by majority ethnic or minority ethnic group reinforced by security, Agazi and feral police and military forces to sustain ad maintain an ethnic rule and/or ethnic dictatorship, upon which it is impossible to superimpose a demoratic rule and or governance accountable to the people it governs.

  6. DRAMA
    | #6

    UNBALANCED GROWTH THEORY MY NIZZLE! DO YOU MEAN, FIX UP YOUR GHETTOS, THE COLONIALISTS ARE COMING THEORY?????
    WHAT GROWTH ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT? DO YOU SEE LAND & MONEY, REAL CAPITAL, GOING INTO THE POCKETS OF 99.5% POOR PEOPLE OR THEIR FAMILIES? OR ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT CONSTRUCTION GROWTH THAT IS SERVING THE FEW “HODAM SAILOUTS” AND THEIR FOREIGN COUNTERPARTS IN AFRICA?
    FOR INSTANCE, WHICH 80 MILLION ETHIOPIANS DO YOU SEE USING THE ROAD CONSTRUCTED ALL AROUND ETHIOPIA? WHICH ETHIOPIAN IS STAYING AT THE LAVISH HOTELS THAT WERE BUILT. THEY ALL ADDED UP TO THE FAKE GROWTH YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT. TO BEGIN WITH, THE ROADS WERE BUILT SO WOYANE CAN TRANSPORT FOOD AND OTHER ITEMS TO THE NORTH. THE MOST A REGULAR ETHIOPIAN CAN DO IS RIDE HIS DONKEY OR JACKASS “BEKLO” ON IT. BIG DEAL!WHAT A STEP AHEAD! SIR, YOU ARE ONE HELL OF A CONFUSED THEORY FOLLOWER. DON’T LET THE WESTERN THEORISTS FOOL YOU, LIKE THEY FOOL THOSE USELESS AU HODAM REPS. INFACT, WHEN THEY TELL YOU SUCH AND SUCH, YOU REALLY NEED TO START ASKING WHAT THE CAUCASIAN MAN OR NOW THEIR FREINDS, CHINESE, REALLY WANT FROM YOU; WHAT KIND OF SCHEME OR ART THEY ARE USING TO RIP YOU OFF. TO ME, THEY KNOW WHAT THEY ARE DOING, AND YOU DON’T. THEY ARE LEADERS AND YOU ARE A FOLLOWER. ONE THING YOU NEED TO KNOW IS TO NOT ALLOW THEM TO LEAD YOU ON YOUR OWN GROUNDS. WOULD YOU ALLOW SOMEONE TO TAKE OVER YOU IN YOUR OWN HOUSE? THINK ABOUT IT. AND DO NOT USE KOREA AS AN EXAMPLE; IT’S AN APPLE AND ORANGE COMPARISON. THEY HAVE UNDERGONE QUITE A DIFFERENT ROUTE THAN WHAT AFRICA IS GOING THROUGH.

  7. Dagnew Haile
    | #7

    It is totally wrong and misleading to think that the fascist and racist Meles Zenawi has national development agenda. Meles Zenawi believes in ethnic supremacy and his policies are totally geared towards economically empowering and enriching members of his own ethnic group. He is systematically conentrating vital resources such as land into the hands of the loyal Tigrayn elites around him. Acess to lucrative investment and capital are also the privileges of these Tigrayan elites who are now getting richer and richer at the expense of millions of Ethiopians. This can never be presented as a development model of any kind (it is neither unbalanced nor regional)given the fact that the fascist regime is systematically excluding Ethiopians and solely benefiting a few Tigrayan elites. The political economy of the ethnical fascist Meles Zenawi is enshrined in the programs of the TPLF which clearly state that the front will work hard to produce as many Tigrayan intellectuals and property owners. It means the ethnical fascist Meles Zenawi is clearly implementing his front`s apartheid policy and looting the country together with his ethnic henchmen.
    Release all political prisoners in Ethiopia unconditionally!!

  8. MELKAMU
    | #8

    ውድ ኢትዮጵያውያን ወገኖቼ ሆይ ኢፈርት የሚባለው ግዙፍ ንግድ ድርጅት ከኢትዮጵያ በተዘረፈ ገንዘብና ሀብት ወያኔንና የትግራይን ህዝብ ከተቀረው ለማቋቋም እጅግ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መልክ በምእራባውያን ምክርና ድጋፍ የተቋቋመ ድርጅት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ኢፈርትና ሃብቱ አቶ መለስና ወያኔ ደርግን ጥለው ኤርትራን አስገንጥለው ኢትዮጵያን የባህር በር አሳጥተው እንደዚሁም ላለፉት 20 ዓመታት የተቀረውን ኢትዮጵያ በዘር በሃይማኖት ወዘተ ከፋፍለው ላጋጩበት ላዳከሙበት ላደኸዩበትና በስተመጨረሻም ከተቻላቸው መላው ኢትዮጵያን ለሚበታትኑበት የቅጥረኝነትና የባንዳነት አጠቃላይ የማፈራረስ ተግባራቸውና ድካማቸው የሚከፈላቸው የድካማቸው ውጤት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ኢፈርት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚገኝ የአቶ መለስ የወያኔና የትግራይ ሰዎች የኢኮኖሚ ፖኖፖል ነው ለማለት ይቻላል፡፡እጅግ በጣም የሚያሳዝነውና የሚገርመው ብዙዎቹ ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ የተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች ይህንን በሀገርና በህዝብ ላይ እንደ መዥገር ተጣብቆ ላለፉት 20 ዓመታት ደማችንን ሲመጠምጥ የቆየ ሃይል ምንነት ከማጋለጥ ይለቅ ዛሬም ምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ እያሉ ከአቶ መለስና ወያኔ ላም አለኝ በሰማይ አይነት ስልጣንን ከምርጫ ኮሮጆ ለማግኘት ሲደክሙ መኖራቸው ነው፡፡በእርግጥ አንዳንዶቹ ምናልባትም ከኢፈርት በሚለገስ ገንዘብ ጭምር በመደለል አጫዋች የውሸት ተቃዋሚ ሆነው የሚያገለግሉ ቅጥረኞች ናቸው፡፡የአቶ መለስና ወያኔም የአምስቱ ዓመት የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን እቅድም ዋና መሰሪ ድብቅ አላማ እንደ ሚወራው ህዝብንና ሀገርን ለማልማት ሳይሆን በዚህ ሽፋን ከፍተኛ የገንዘብና የሀብት ዝርፊያና ማዘዋዋር ተግባር የሚፈፀምበት ታሪካዊ የእንብላውና የእንዝረፈው ዘመን መሆኑ ነው፡፡አቶ መለስና ወያኔ ከምርጫ 97 አስደንጋጭ ክስተት በኋላ ከፍተኛ መደናገጥ ውስጥ ስለገቡ ድንገት ስልጣናቸንን በማንኛውም ሰዓት ልንለቅ ስለምንችል ከዚህ በኋላ የተቀረው የአገዛዝ ዘመናችንን በተቻለ ፍጥነትና ዘዴ ሁሉ የቻልነውን ያህል ሀብትና ገንዘብ ዘርፈን ማከማቸት አለብን የሚል ውሳኔ ላይ እንዲደርሱ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ስለዚህም ከ1997 ጀምሮ ያለፈው አምስት አመታት በ UNDP ሪፖርት መሰረት ወደ 8.4 ቢሊዬን ዶላር ተዘርፎ ነበር፡፡ከ2005 ምርጫ በኋላ ደግሞ በአምስቱ ዓመት የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ሽፋን ሁለተኛው ዙር የከፋው የዝርፊያ ዘመን ነው፡፡በዚህ በአምስቱ ዓመት የእድገትና ትራንስፎርሜሽን ሽፋን በሚደረገው አዋጭነታቸው በቅጡ ባልተጠኑ የመብያ ፕሮጀክቶች አጣቃላይ እንቅስቃሴ ላይ ኢፈርትና ሸሪኮቹ ከፍተኛ የአንበሳውን ድርሻ አላቸው፡፡በአጠቃላይ ኢፈርት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በወያኔና በትግሪኛ ተናጋሪው የህብረተሰብ ክፍል የበላይነት የሚመራ በኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ ውስጥ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ አዲስ አይነት በዝባዥና ጥገኛ ተውሳክ የሆነ የካፒታሊስት መደብ ለመፍጠር የታቀደ ሰፊና ጥልቅ ፕሮግራም አካል ነው፡፡ይህንንም በተሳካ ሁኔታ ለማከናወንና ለዚህ አይነት ስርዓት ተገዢና አመቺ የሆነ አዲስ በዘርና በፖለቲካ ታማኝነት የተዋቀረ የተማረ የሰው ሃይል ማለትም ቴክኖክራት እንዲፈጠር ተደርጓል፡፡አቶ መለስና ወያኔ ያቋቋመው የሲቪል ሰርቪስ ተቋም ዋና አላማም ይህ ነው፡፡እዚህ ላይ መላው ኢትዮጵያውያን አንድ ወሳኝ ጥያቄ ማንሳት አለባቸው፡፡ይኸውም ከደደቢት በረሃ የመጡ ባብዛኛው ያልተማረ ሃይል ስብሰብ ያላቸው ወያኔዎች እንዴት እንደዚህ አይነት የረቀቀና የተቀነባበረ ስራ ለመስራት ቻሉ የሚለው ነው፡፡የዚህ ወሳኝ ጥያቄ መልሱ ደግሞ ጥንቱንም እነዚህ ሃይሎች በምእራባውያን መንግስታትና በሌሎችም በእዳን ሃይሎች ከፍተኛ ድጋፍና ምክር ስልጣን ላይ የወጡ ስለሆነ ይህ የሰለጠነው የምእራቡ አለም የተቀነባበረና የረቀቀ ምክርና ድጋፍ አሁንም ከጎናቸው እንደሆነ ነው፡፡ኢፈርትም የዚህ ምክርና ድጋፍ ውጤት ነው፡፡እየተፈጠረ ያለውም ከፍተኛ ልዩነትና አድሎ ያለበት የሃብት ክፍፍልና እየተጋነነና ስር እየሰደደ የመጣውም የኢኮኖሚያዊና የማህበራዊ ቀውስም ዋና መንስኤው የካፒታሊስት ስርዓት የሚከተለው የምእራቡ አለም መንግስታት ድጋፍ አድርገውለት ስልጣን ላይ የወጣው ወያኔም ይህንኑ ኢፍትሃዊነትና ብዝበዛ በስፋትና በጥልቀት የሚታይበትን የካፒታሊስት ስርዓት የሚከተል በመሆኑ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ኢፈርት በምእራቡ መንግስታት ምክርና ድጋፍ ወያኔ በሀገራችን የፈጠሩው የዘመናችን አዲሱ የመበዝበዣና የመዝረፊያ የኢኮኖሚ ሞኖፖል ነው፡፡እንደ እሌኒ ገብረመድህን ያሉት የወያኔ አግልጋዮችም ECX በሚል የሽፋን መጠሪያ እየተንቀሳቀሱበት ያለው ድርጅትም የማፍያ ውንብድና ስራ የሚሰራ አንዱ የወያኔና የኢፈርት ተቀፅላ ድርጅት ነው፡፡ይህ ሁሉ ያለፈው 20 ዓመታትና አሁንም ያለው አጠቃላይ እንቅስቃሴ የሚያሳየው ወያኔ በውንብድናና በማጭበርበር የተሞላ እጅግ አደገኛ የሆነ የማፍያ ድርጅት እንጂ ኢትዮጵያን ነፃ ሊያወጣና ዳቦና ዲሞክራሲ እንዲሁም መልካም አስተዳደርንና ስልጣኔን ለብዙሃኖች ሊልግስ የመጣ ሃይል አለመሆኑን ነው፡፡በተቃዋሚው ጎራ የተሰለፉም ሃይሎች ይህንን ከበስተጀርባ ያለ ድብቅ እውነታ ለመረዳት በምርጫ ሰበብ 20 ዓመታት ያህል መጠበቃቸውና ማቃጠላቸው እጅግ ሊያሳፍራቸው የሚገባ ነው፡፡እጅጉን የሚገርመው ደግሞ ዛሬም ድረስ የምእራቡን አለም መንግስታት አቶ መለስንና ወያኔን አንዲያወግዙላቸውና እንዲቃወሙላቸው መወትወታቸው ነው፡፡ከዚህም ሁኔታ የምንረዳውም እነዚህ አብዛኞቹ ተቃዋሚ ሃይሎች የአለም አቀፉን ግሎባል ካፒታሊስት ስርዓት ፖለቲካል-ኢኮኖሚ ውስጣዊ አወቃቀርና ተፈጥሯዊ ባህሪ በመመርመር ጠንቅቀው አለመረዳታቸውን ነው፡፡የኢትዮጵያውያን እንደ ሀገርና እንደ ዜጋ የመኖር ህልውናና ደህንነት ከእለት ወደ እለት እየተባባሰ ወደ አደገኛ ሁኔታ ውስጥ እየገባ እያለ እንኳን ችግራችን የዲሞክራሲ እጦት እንደሆነ በማስመሰል በጥራዝ ነጠቅ እይታ ስለሚመሩ እነዚህ ተቃዋሚዎች ሃይሎች ዛሬም ዲሞክራሲ የሚለውን የፋሽን ቃል እንደ በቀቀን ከመለፍለፍ አልታቀቡም፡፡ይህ የሚያሳየው የተቃዋሚው ሃይል ያለበትን የንቃተ-ህሊና ማነስና የወረደበትን የዝቅጠት ደረጃ ነው፡፡Finally we have to understand that Ato Meles and TPLF for the last 10 years are undertaking such an extensive and intensive pervasive deepened social restructuring at a massive scale in a way that severely changes the social fabric of Ethiopian society. All this things are double standards in that on one side it is ethnically driven (pro-Tigreans) and on the other side it is in a way that favors and paves the way for the global capitalist system. The West governments are exploiting this internal ethnic differences in that they preferred to make corrupt intimacy with guys like Ato Meles who represents the minority Tigreans to have hegemony over against the majority Ethiopians. It is this same scenario that was applied in Rwanda where the minorityTUTSI are privileged against the Majority HUTUs by the insidious maneuver of colonial powers that followed the tragic aftermath we have witnessed in African history.
    Meles is applying same divide and rule he learned from his MASTER mentors in the West. Therefore, the advent of EFFORT is not just an accidental event but rather part of such a very insidious grand-plan devised by TPLF and his MASTERS.EFFORT is the top most hierarchical exploiting pyramid that serves as a tool and source in the business-chain or food-chain of TPLF and its Tigrean affiliates.

    God Bless Ethiopia!!!

  9. Satenaw
    | #9

    It is a fine economical analysis, but my fellow citizen this advice applies to those who sees their future and that of their children in Ethiopia, unfortunately woyane is not from that school of thought,that is why narrow minded woyane delebrately reduced Ethiopian nationalism to ethnic ones and divided the country according to ethnic lines in order to rule indefinitely,by the way they are preparing themselves for 2015 election,so my Brother the dog barks,but the caravan goes.It it 2o years since they came to power and still we are discussing them i don’t understand such mindset. We peopels in the diaspora are so meesed up even we don’t understand what is relevant wha is not,it is high time now for action we have enough fortune tellers, already Yenesew Gebre has spoken out what life under woyane is, and woyane has told us i am the winner and i’m the one not the nation that decides what might be the rule of the game,if you don’t like go to the bush,so i do not understand what we are waiting from “Animal farm”

  10. koster
    | #10

    Do you know who is the representative of Transparency International in Ethiopia – Amare Aregawi
    Woyane made it clear from the very beginning that their aim is first and foremost to build TIGRAI and they are doing it according to plan. Hodams like Haile Mariam and others do not care about the people or region they are claiming to represent as long as their belly is full.

  11. ziydgorf
    | #11

    Yes,we have to reinforce our strenght and redouble our effort to crush the rascist and murderious regime to its defeat.Zinawi doesn’t represent Ethiopians,and can’t do good to Ethiopia either;we must therefore take our destiny in our united hands while we are crushing the enemy flat to the gorund so that it won’t revive life;it is this much we must be determined to do our best without giving time to the enemy until it reoganize itself and attack our people and country.We must act quickly on what the enemy is doing to hurt us and our country.

  12. Dawi
    | #12

    [[…Mr. Sibehat Nega the former EFRT chairman declared that the organization belongs to the Tigrai tribe but it is “serving” the whole people…]]

    I don’t think it matters where a corporation starts if you look at EFFORT as an entity.

    Sure it was started by TPLF for TPLF family but, as Sebhat pointed out it is a multi national organization. They may be already close in reaching the need to hire more of non Tigreans and even now investing a lot more outside of Tegrai region. Sooner or later that is inevitable anyway.
    The Boeing Company an American multinational aerospace & defense was founded by one individual William E. Boeing in 1916 in Seattle. Now it is a global company and few years ago it moved its corporate headquarters from Seattle to Chicago. Unfortunately there was no loyalty to Seattle. Surprise! Surprise!

    EFFORT is founded by more than one individuals. Why would one be shocked if it moved its headquarters to Dire Dawa tomorrow?

    As for me, I can’t imagine Dictator Meles having any kind of special attachment to Tigrai or any other region of Ethiopia any more than the former President Carter having one with Georgia or the South. They all continue to help their adherents but let us be realistic how far that may go.

    Meles’s ambition and aspiration is already beyond our region of E. Africa; even a blind can see that. Why some of you expect him to go backwards is a mystery to me.

  13. MELKAMU
    | #13

    Any Ethiopian who has the opportunity to read the book “የትግራይ ህዝብ ትግልና የትምክህተኞች ሴራ” written by TPLF can clearly and precisely figure out or understand the true inherent diabolical nature and motives of TPLF. The ideas in this book are the main play-book and governing ideology of TPLF. And I dare to say that it is this perverted mentality deliberately devised that becomes as the very motive that paves the way for TPLF to be stooge servant for foreign forces to impoverish, destabilize and create destruction in this historical country. Dear Dawi please forget your Meles and we are well aware of him, living with him for 20 years, and we do not need some one else to explain and preach us about him.
    Practice tells by far a lot than talk. Therefore EFFORT is the main amazing plundering Machine of TPLF.TPLF is creating heinously quasi-governmental business entities in order to exploit Ethiopia. Through such quasi-governmental business entities a lot of wealth and money is systematically siphoned to TPLF’s private accounts. In order to carry out this systematic siphoning of wealth and money, TPLF is creating its own system of technocratic bureaucracy apparatus that is obedient to serve its won interests. The recent case of ETC (Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation) that is accompanied by firing or laying off thousands of workers and then employing a new breed of other thousands of technocrats is one evident prominent example. Now we are well aware of what sort of diabolical force is taking hostage of this poor country. Dear Dawi you are advancing the motto of “If you can convince if not then confuse” strategy.

  14. Dawi
    | #14

    The following was written by non other than, the Twice in Death Row of Ethiopian Courts, Ethio-Review’s Ato Elias Kifle:

    The intriguing one for me is the one in 10 child born in Tigray has a non Tigrean fathers. And Tigreans are also migrating in droves to towards South.

    With such things going on how does one calculate some racist plan going on there? I don’t get it.

    “1. A growing number of Tigreans do not want to be associated with TPLF or Tigrean nationalism any more.

    2. Other than Mekele, the capital city of Tigray, most parts of the region, including Meles Zenawi’s hometown, Adwa, are still dirt poor and have yet to receive the dividends for TPLF’s political power, despite the enormous wealth the Meles crime family has amassed.

    3. Currently, there are over 100,000 non-Tigrean troops in Tigray (a region with a population of 6 million). As a result, about 1 in every 10 child currently born in Tigray doesn’t have a Tigrean father. Tigreans are also migrating toward south in massive numbers.

    4. Woyanne’s investment over the past 20 years has not produced tangible results, other than a few shiny high rise buildings in Mekele. The reason is that the investment was politically-driven, hence poorly studied and planned. The end result of a government-controlled investment or command economy is always a colossal failure. The Soviet Union comes to mind.”

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