Ethiopia: 2011 in the Republic of Corruptistan – By Alemayehu G Mariam

December 26th, 2011 Print Print Email Email

In December 2008, I wrote a weekly column entitled “Groundhog Year in Prison Nation” summarizing some of my weekly columns for that year. I used the “groundhog” metaphor from a popular motion picture in which a hapless television weatherman is trapped in a time warp and finds himself reliving the same day over and over. I wrote:

“2008 in Ethiopia was Groundhog Year!

It was a repetition of 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004… Everyday millions of Ethiopians woke up only to find themselves trapped in a time loop where their lives replayed like a broken record. Each “new” day is the same as the one before it: Repression, intimidation, corruption, incarceration, deception, brutalization and human rights violation. Everything that happened to them the previous day, the previous week, the previous month and the previous 18 years happens to them today. They are resigned to the fact that they are doomed to spend the rest of their lives asphyxiated in a Prison Nation. They have no idea how to get out of this awful cycle of misery, agony, despair and tribulation. So, they pray and pray and pray and pray… for deliverance from Evil!

In December 2010, in another column summarizing some of my weekly columns for that year, I rhetorically asked:

It is December 2010, the end of the first decade of the 21st Century. Are Ethiopians better off today than they were in 2009, 2005…2000?

Does bread (teff) cost more today than it did a year ago…, five years ago? Cooking oil, household fuel, beef, poultry, gasoline, housing, water, electricity, public transport…?

Are there more poor people today in Ethiopia than there were a year ago… five years ago? More unemployment among youth, less educational opportunities, less health care?

Is there more corruption, more secrecy, less transparency and less accountability in December 2010 than in December 2009…?

Are elections more free and fair in 2010 than they were in 2008, 2005?

Is there more press freedom today than five years ago? More human rights violations?

Is Ethiopia more dependent on international charity for its daily bread today than a year ago…?

Is there more environmental pollution, habitat destruction, forced human displacement and land grabs in Ethiopia today than there was in 2005?

Are businesses paying more taxes and bribes in Ethiopia today than in years past?

Is Ethiopia today at the very bottom of the global Index of Economic Freedom (limited access to financing, inefficient government bureaucracy, inadequate supply of infrastructure)?

Here is a recap of some of my weekly commentaries for groundhog year 2011 in the Republic of Corruptistan:

The Art of Bleeding a Country Dry

“The people of Ethiopia are being bled dry. No matter how hard they try to fight their way out of absolute destitution and poverty, they will be swimming upstream against the current of illicit capital leakage”, wrote Economist Sarah Freitas of Global Financial Integrity (GFI). US$11.7 billion was stolen out of Ethiopia between 2000 and 2009, according to GFI.

Ethiopians are poor because they have been robbed, ripped off, flimflammed, bamboozled, conned, fleeced, scammed, hosed, swindled, suckered, hoodwinked, victimized, shafted and taken to the cleaners by those clinging to power like bloodsucking ticks on an African milk cow. The fact of the matter is that absolute power corrupts absolutely. Zenawi has absolute power in Ethiopia. Pleading for transparency and issuing moral exhortations against corruption will have no effect on the behavior of Zenawi or any of the other African dictators. Indeed, to plead the virtues of accountability, transparency and good governance with Zenawi and Co., is like preaching Scripture to a gathering of heathens. It means nothing to them.

Death of the Great Ethiopian Patriot Yenesew Gebre

On 11/11/11, Teacher Yenesew Gebre, a 29 year-old Ethiopian school teacher and human rights activist set himself ablaze in Southern Ethiopia. He died three days later from his injuries. Yenesew was protesting the politically-motivated illegal detention of some young people at an official town meeting. He demanded their immediate release. Officials offered him hush money to “go and enjoy” himself, but he refused: “I am not going to sell my conscience. I do not want money. I want my people released.” Yenesew could not take it anymore. Before setting himself on fire, he spoke his peace: “In a country where there is no justice and no fair administration, where human rights are not respected, I will sacrifice myself so that these young people will be set free. I want to show to all that death is preferable than a life without justice and liberty and I call upon my fellow compatriots to fear nothing and rise up…”

But they were not satisfied looking at Yenesew’s ashes; they had to kill him a second time. They scandalized his name claiming he killed himself because he was insane. Yenesew was not insane; he was mad. Mad as hell at dictatorship, human rights violation and abuse of power; and he was madder than hell at state terrorism. Yenesew Gebre had only one choice: “Give me liberty or Give me Death!”

Awramba Times: More Powerful Than….

Awramba Times, the last popular independent weekly in Ethiopia, stopped publication after its outstanding managing editor and recipient of the 2010 Committee to Protect Journalists’ International Press Freedom Award, Dawit Kebede, was forced to flee the country. Napoleon Bonaparte said, “Four hostile newspapers are more to be feared than a thousand bayonets.” [Ke shee toregna, aand gazetegna.] For dictator Meles Zenawi, Awramba Times, the tip of the spear of press freedom in Ethiopia, is more to be feared than ten thousand bayonets. Thank you Awramba Times! Thank you Dawit Kebede, Woubshet Taye (recently jailed by Zenawi), Gizaw Legesse, Nebyou Mesfin, Abel Alemayehu, Wosenseged G Kidan, Mekdes Fisseha, Abe Tokichaw and Mehret Tadesse, Nafkot Yoseph, Moges Tikuye, Tigist Wondimu, Elias Gebru, Teshale Seifu, Fitsum Mammo and [not pictured] Ananya Sori, Surafel Girma and Tadios Getahun.

The SEEDs of Hope in the Ethiopian Diaspora

The truth is Ethiopia’s young people are Ethiopia’s future. Nearly 70 percent of the Ethiopian population of 80 million is estimated to be young people (50 percent of them under age 15). An old Ethiopian proverb reminds us: “Our youth are today’s seeds and tomorrow’s flowers. (Ye zare frewoch, ye’nege abebawoch).” For me, the most important question today revolves around these future flowers in Ethiopia and in the Diaspora. Young people want freedom, peace and equal opportunity. They are deeply offended by unfairness and injustice and despise those who abuse their powers. When I look across the proverbial “generation gap,” I see a gap in thinking, attitude and perspective, not age. I became a hopeless idealist [by following in the footsteps of young people]. When you become an idealist, you stand up for your convictions. You preach and teach what you believe in. So I do my best to promote democracy, human rights and freedom in Ethiopia and Africa and elsewhere. I try to be the voice of the voiceless, though some may think I am just a voice in the wilderness.

Why is Ethiopia Poor?

In what Zenawi describes as “one of fastest growing non-oil economies in Africa,” inflation is soaring; and by mid-2011, Zenawi’s Central Statistical Agency reported that the annual inflation rate had increased by 38 percent and food prices had surged by 45.3 percent. There are more than 12 million people who are chronically or periodically food insecure. Yet, Zenawi is handing out “large chunks” of the most fertile land in the country for free, to be sure for pennies, to foreign agribusiness multinational corporations to farm commercially and export the harvest. This past July, the U.S. Census Bureau had a frightening population forecast: By 2050, Ethiopia’s current population of 90 million will more than triple to 278 million, placing that country in the top 10 most populous countries in the world. It just does not make any sense.

Poor governance, lack of accountability and transparency (a/k/a corruption), lack of citizen participation and the absence of the rule of law are the root causes of extreme and widespread poverty, underdevelopment, aid-dependency, conflict, instability, starvation and injustice in Ethiopia. Have free and fair elections, allow the independent press to flourish, institutionalize the rule of law and maintain an independent judiciary, professionalize and depoliticize the civil service, the military and police forces and Ethiopians will be well on their way to permanently defeating poverty and making starvation a footnote in the history of the Ethiopian nation.

Why are Ethiopians Starving Again in 2011?

On December 21, 1987, Time Magazine on its cover page asked two timeless questions: “Why are Ethiopians starving again? What should the world do and not do?” Famine is not merely a humanitarian catastrophe in Ethiopia; it is a powerful political and military weapon. Ethiopia has been trapped in an endless cycle of dictatorship for decades. Its dictators do not give a damn if the people die one by one or by the millions. Famine is a structural part of the Ethiopian economy because the “government” owns all the land. Famine persists in Ethiopia because massive human rights abuses persist and because Zenawi has succeeded in keeping the famine hidden from public view in a “conspiracy of silence” with Western aid agencies and timid NGOs.

The Fakeonomics of Meles Zenawi

Zenawi’s economic planning is based on juggled figures, massaged statistics and irrational exuberance about overrated and illusory economic development. Systematic falsification of economic data, fraudulent statistics and creative accounting in economic reports have largely gone unchallenged for years by the learned Ethiopian Diaspora economists. The lack of systematic and sustained critique is all the more surprising and baffling given the fact that the economic swagger and wind-bagging about stratospheric economic growth and development comes from a regime not known for its economic “literacy”. Zenawi seems to follow the old principle that “If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it.” (Who believes in make-believe?)

Dictatorship is State Terrorism

Lately, Meles Zenawi, the dictator in Ethiopia, has been rounding up dissidents, journalists, opposition party political leaders and members under a diktat known as “Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009”. State terrorism is the systematic use and threat of use of violence and coercion, intimidation, imprisonment and persecution to create a prevailing climate of fear in a population with a specific political message and outcome: “Resistance is futile! Resistance will be crushed! There will be no resistance!” State terrorism paralyzes the whole society and incapacitates individuals by entrenching fear as a paramount feature of social inaction and immobilization through the exercise of arbitrary power and extreme brutality. In Ethiopia today, it is not just that the climate of fear and loathing permeates every aspect of social and economic life, indeed the climate of fear has transformed the “Land of Thirteen Months of Sunshine” in to the “Land of Thirteen Months of Fear, Loathing, Despair and Darkness”.

Why Do Things Always Fall Apart in Africa?

Things keep falling apart in Africa because over the past one-half century of independence it has been nearly impossible to hold Africa’s so-called leaders accountable. For fifty years, African “leaders” have been telling Africans and the world that Africa’s problems are all externally caused. Africa is what it is (or is not) because of its colonial legacy. It is the white man. It is imperialism. It is capitalism. It is the International Monetary Fund. It is the World Bank. The continent’s underdevelopment, poverty, backwardness, mismanagement are all caused by evil powers outside the continent. The latest re-invention of the old African Boogeyman is “globalization” and “neoliberalism”, which Zenawi claims has “created three consecutive lost decades for Africa”. Things keep falling apart in Africa because of the lack of competent leadership with vision, purpose and integrity. Indeed the common thread that sews the vast majority of post-independence African leaders is not steadfast commitment to good governance and democratic practices, but their incredible sense of entitlement to rule forever and ever and ever.

Thugtatorship: The Highest Stage of African Dictatorship

If democracy is government of the people, by the people and for the people, a thugocracy is a government of thieves, for thieves, by thieves. Simply stated, a thugtatorship is rule by a gang of thieves and robbers (thugs) in designer suits. It is becoming crystal clear that much of Africa today is a thugocracy privately managed and operated for the exclusive benefit of bloodthirsty thugtators. In a thugtatorship, the purpose of seizing and clinging to political power is solely to accumulate personal wealth for the ruling class by stealing public funds and depriving the broader population scarce resources necessary for basic survival. Africa’s thugtatorships have longstanding and profitable partnerships with the West. Through aid and trade, the West has enabled these thugocracies to flourish in Africa and repress Africans. The fact of the matter is that the West is interested only in “stability” in Africa. That simply means, in any African country, they want a “guy they can do business with.” The business they want to do in Africa is the oil business, the (blood) diamond business, the arms sales business, the coffee and cocoa export business, the tourism business, the luxury goods export business and the war on terrorism business. They are not interested in the African peoples’ business, the human rights business, the rule of law business, the accountability and transparency business and the fair and free elections business.

Out of Touch in the Horn of Africa?

Western diplomats meeting in Berlin agreed, “The Ethiopian political opposition is weak, disunited, and out of touch with the average Ethiopian.” Who is the “average Ethiopian” whose contact is so highly prized and coveted? It seems s/he has an average life expectancy at birth of less than 45 years. S/he lives on less than $USD 1 per day. S/he is engaged in subsistence agriculture eking out a living. S/he survives on a daily intake of 800 calories (starvation level). S/he can neither read nor write. If s/he is sick, she has a 1 chance in 39,772 persons to see a doctor, 1 in 828,000 to see a dentist, 1 in 4,985 chance to see a nurse. She has little or no access to family planning services, reproductive health and emergency obstetric services and suffers from high maternal mortality during childbirth. She is a victim of gender discrimination, domestic violence and female genital mutilation. She has fewer employment and educational opportunities than the “average” man and is not paid equal pay for equal work. S/he is likely to die from malaria and other preventable infectious diseases, severe shortages of clean water and poor sanitation. The “average” Ethiopian youth is undereducated, underemployed and underappreciated with little opportunity for social mobility or economic self-sufficiency.

It is true that the Ethiopian “political opposition is weak and disunited”. But Western governments seem to be conveniently oblivious of the reasons for the disarray in the Ethiopian opposition. For two decades, Meles Zenawi and his regime have done everything in their power to keep the opposition divided, defeated, discombobulated and dysfunctional. In 2005, he rounded up almost all of the major opposition political and civic leaders, human rights advocates, journalists and dissidents in the country and jailed them for nearly two years on bogus charges of genocide, among many others.

Karuturistan, Ethiopia: The Fire Next Time

“Karuturi’s First Corn Crop in Ethiopia Destroyed,” announced the headline. Karuturi Global Ltd., the Indian multinational agro company, is today the proud owner of “2,500 sq km of virgin, fertile land – an area the size of Dorset, England-” in Ethiopia. Truth be told, Karuturi did not ask for this bountiful giveaway, nor did it lay eyes on it when it was presented with a 50-year “lease” on a golden platter by the ruling regime in Ethiopia. Karuturi was offered the land together with generous tax breaks and other perks for £150 a week ($USD245). Karuturi’s business model is simple: “Ask not what Karuturi can do for Ethiopia, but what Ethiopians can do for Karuturi.” Karuturi is in Ethiopia for only one thing: Profit and more profits. Just as it has built “dikes to enclose its plantations from flood water”, it also maintains a social, psychological and security enclosure to insulate itself from the local Gambella community.

U.S. Africa Policy: Empty Words, Emptier Promises

When Senator Obama became President, his “Africa Agenda” revolved around three basic objectives including “strengthening relationships with those governments, institutions and civil society organizations committed to deepening democracy, accountability and reducing poverty in Africa.” Over the past two years, what we have seen in Africa is a whole lot of deepening repression, human rights violations and corruption in Africa. We have seen very little “accountability, democracy building, the rule of law, judicial reform” and the rest of it. Much to our dismay, upon becoming President Obama morphed from a “confronter” to an accommodator of Africa’s notorious human rights violators. The U.S. should stop subsidizing Africa’s thugtatorships through its aid policy and hit the panhandling thieves in the pocketbook. If the Obama administration is committed to battling corruption as ‘one of the great struggles of our time’, as it has so often declared, it needs to undertake a thorough and complete investigation of aid money given to African dictators. In November 2009, U.S. State Department spokesman Ian Kelley stated that the U.S. is investigating allegations that “$850 million in food and anti-poverty aid from the U.S. is being distributed on the basis of political favoritism by the current [Ethiopian] prime minister’s party.” No official report has been issued to date on the investigation. (Is it unreasonable to suppose that the results of the investigation have not been publicly released because the allegations of misuse of U.S. aid are confirmed?)

The Ultimate Question of 2011 in Ethiopia

The ultimate question of Year 2011 in Ethiopia is not whether “.04” percent of the Ethiopian population is living in the lap of luxury and wallowing in a bottomless ocean of stolen cash. The ultimate question is whether “99.6” percent of the Ethiopian population was able to keep its head above water better than it did in 2010, 2009, 2008…, 2005…2000….

Previous commentaries by the author are available at: www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/ and http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/

  1. aha!
    | #1

    If our ultimate goal is to restore individual freedom, liberty, and equality of equality to supercede ethnic and secessionist rights, to restore Ethiopian Nationalism, Ethiopian National Interests and the sovereignity of Ethiopia, by dismantling ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, then “repression, intidation, corruption, incarceration, etc.”, become by products. As I have already stipulated ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism as carry over from the Derg regime serve as hinderance to capitalism and democracy to take a foot hold in Ethiopia as is the case in North America and Western Europe. It has further accentuated ethnic minority rule with exploitation, economic and political strangle hold of the country and its people by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations and countries. Outside of that we have nothing to blame foreign governments, but ourselves for not having a clear cut goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians at least from five years ago of 2005 elections.

    After 2005, the allignment of the parties in terms of political models has been as TPLF/eprdf, Medrek/fdre, now OPDF/EUDF/fdre, a mirror image of TPLF/eprdf, which according to the remark of one Ethiopian, “kengdih wedih mircha yemibal neger waga yelewim: inezihima yalew mengist gilibach nachew”. This attribute has been more apparent and validated through press releases, and interviiews upto date, contrary to the path and goals followed by the now called Andinet Hayloch, I presume standing for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians. These phenomena separates the political factions into negative forces of disintegration and positive forces of integration of the political spectrum, which a dichotomy similar to the phenomena in nature, and current imbalance accounting for the resultannt force tilts towards the negative forces of disintegration of TPLF/eprdf regime and those that directly and indirctly support ethnic ferederalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, rather than individual liberty, freedom, and equality, etc. an attribute to western democratic countries.

    Human right violations, corruptions and the release of all political prisoners prior to 2005 and after 2005 are common concerns of all political and had to be dealt with after the establishment and jurisdiction of a truly democratic government of the people, by the people and for the people, resulting from a non-violent uprising to freedom from autocratic rule, ethnocratic minority now and majority in the future.

  2. Development without freedom
    | #2

    Weyenes fear the truth, but as long as Ethiopians in diaspora speak, in the age of the internet, weyenes can not hide the truth, no matter how much they increase their oppressions against journalists.

  3. Yohannis
    | #3

    Professor Al: I wish you and family a very Merry X-mas and a Happy New Year.

    I would like to say how lucky and proud we Ethiopians are to have you as a fellow Ethiopian. To me and millions of Ethiopians, you are a patriot and a hero who have been fighting the enemy on behalf of Ethiopians for more than a decade.

    Your intellect, coherence and power of the command of the English language has little or no parallels. The silent majority of Ethiopians are mesmerized by the breadth and depth of your knowledge and aspire to contribute a fraction of your wisdom to the struggle for freedom in Ethiopia. You are our unsung hero!

    Last but not least, Thank you so very much and continue sharing your guidance and leadership in the final assault against the Meles and Woyane fascistic rule over Ethiopia

  4. Grahm
    | #4

    Listen buddy, what ever you are smoking, you are the ONE “out of touch with reality”. The current political, economical and social climate in Ethiopia are way better than any of the developing countries. Please don’t forget the fact that your “country” is one of the sixth fastest growing countries in the world. The rule of law may not be to your liking, but that doesn’t mean there’s none. I suggest to you to go back and fight the good fight instead of being a distruction from the comfiy of your couch. When was the last time you were to Ethiopia? From what i can read from your unimaginative writing, the answer may be a long time back. If that’s the case, your rhetorical questions should be rendered meangless by any rational person worth his time. Only the once who can see the progress or lack thereof can ask the question: Are you better off now than …….? Not you sir, defintely not You!!!!!!!!

  5. Dawi
    | #5

    Promoting Economic Development and fighting Capital flight goes hand in hand.

    The fact is FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION ACTUALLY INCREASES CAPITAL FLIGHT.

    It is a known fact that the NEO LIBERAL STRATEGY OF FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION has failed. So Prof. Al has Zilch/Nada as far as alternative goes.

    THE ONLY KNOWN ALTERNATIVE IS TO GENERATE RAPID ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    AND STANDARD USE OF CAPITAL CONTROL.

    If we see China, 10 % OF Chinese GDP is lost by capital flight. How does China performed brilliantly then?

    Well part of the answer is substantial amount of capital is round tripped and returned to China as Foreign Direct Investment. I would not be shocked if the Meles Dictatorship does some of that. :)

    Some blame the Chinese government control and interference in the economy as the reason for capital flight. Others say to the contrary, it is the capital control and management that made China grow economically.

    It is interesting to note that even if they stopped the capital flight fully, chances are China won’t grow any faster.

    If everything fails, Government are advised to implement the “Doctrine of Odious debt”; where countries cancel their Debt if or the money was acquired by dictators or other thieves counter to the masses of the country that lost.

  6. Yinegal
    | #6

    Gram and Dawi i.e. Hagos and Berhe of the TPLF Cadre factory – Go back to your Dedebit “Marxist – Leninist – Maoist” economic terrorism school. Professor Al is not in your league. He did not buy his academic credentials from the OPEN University where the likes of you, to name a few Legesse Zenawi, Aba Dula Gemeda, Bereket Simon, Arkebe Equbay, Abay Tsehaye, Tefera Walwa, and many Tigre crinminal operatives bought the so called B.S. degrees.

    By the way the B.S. degree you and your woyane relatives bought from Britain or Holland is synonymous with or equivalent to BULL SHIT degree.

    Go back to your rocky, barren, wasteland, drought and famine infested mendere or neighborhood i.e., Adwa

  7. Abiy
    | #7

    This is an excellent article that informs about the overall state of affairs in Ethiopia. Thank you very much for your untiring effort of exposing the irresponsible regime. We may need still to ask ourselves what is to be done to the company of thieves who are determined to plunge the country to further chaos? The only deterrent against the mother of all evil regime is a unified armed resistance. I find it senseless to see the various opposition leaders being content in the usual form of struggle when it becomes clear the regime is marching with full gear to wreck the country?
    This is even becomes very important when we consider the determination of the retgime to cling to power by all means as well as atrtitud the payed cadres and their bravado.

    I might as well the expense of being called irresponsible by the cyber fricks, I submit to all Ethiopians let us make the liberation of our country the New Year resolution, and work towards that end.
    I have no time to dwell about the ills of the country assuming that it is an open book to every citizen.

    However, I would say this, in order to raise a resistance national army we need to aim acheiving unity among all segments of our people at least with those who are willing to do so. One means of achieving this end is to bring all the differing armed wings under one umbrella so that it can be commanded by an all inclusive representative leadership. The regime is one of the most hated cabal ever in the history of that nation. Its purpose,and goal to amass the country’s wealth in to the hands of the few at the expense of the mass is not secrtet but somthing fully understood by the ordinary citizens. It is lingering around for no other reason but for lack of unity and vision on our part.

    Once this objective is reached and the movement begins to march in this direction in the coming years, we will be able to see a TOP DOWN SPLIT WITHIN EPRDF MEMBERS WHO MOST OF THEM COME TO SEE AS MERE TPLF TOOLS.What is more when increasing both domestic and international pressure intensifies against the regime a FISSURE WITHIN THE TPLF CABAL is the most likely senario. Once such course of action is followed by a unified opposition we can expect the regime further to suffere an erosion of public support from its home base.Oneof the reasons that Tigrians appear to be backing TPLF is the absence of unified armed struggle aginst the Legese,Bereket,Samoraclique.I believe we need such a resolve if the object is the immediate removal of TPLF.Other wise the longer we halt and refuse to switch to fresh strategic gear, we will lose the credibility of the people. If we fail to act speedily this is the alternative that is awaiting us. Can we really afford loosing ublic trust?

    Consider this take the U.s as an example, she has fought her Revolutionary War against great Britian.She has fought her own Civil War. She continues to fight the Firist, Second World Wars, Vietnam, Korea, and Iraq in order to preserve democracy and her way of life. Remember most of these wars are fought over sees not at home that is when there was no anyimmidate threat by theenemy. If the U.S or any other country believes fighting for national interest is a just cause, ,how much do we Ethiopians who have suffered so much and are at the verge of losing our nation hood ,if we remain undetermined about the right course of action, must fight for our freedom. TPLF has run its full course, and has proved not just to the world but to herself that it is a failure. It is highly unlikely for her to retract from the dire Economic, political and Social problems it finds itself. We the people need to assume the responsibility of liberating our people, and not blame the west for failing us. Only when we stand tall in our own, and begin to register meaningful gains in the battle field then only then we can expect the U.S posturing to speak in different tone and candor.

  8. ጉረኞች
    | #8

    Woyanes of this forum,
    When you are thrown out of Ethiopia, where do you want to live, in countries of liberal democracy or developmental states? Although there are countries that are categorized in both, below are the list for you to pick one.

    Liberal democracy states: European Union, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, South Korea, Taiwan, the United States, India, Canada, Israel,Mexico, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand[11]
    Vs
    Developmental States: China, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Indonesia

  9. Dawi
    | #9

    Yinegal:

    [[..Gram and Dawi i.e. Hagos and Berhe of the TPLF Cadre factory – Go back to your Dedebit “Marxist – Leninist – Maoist” economic terrorism school. Professor Al is not in your league....]]

    I think Prof. Al is a prolific writer and I like reading his write ups as well. However, I am interested in a system that will bring as out of poverty/inequality in the fastest possible way.

    How do you measure the impact of a government system a state implements: One way is to compare similar states.

    Let us compare the Maoist China and India, India was independent since 1947 and China 1949, their population about the same around 1.2 billion. They have grown fast and are highly competitive in the world today. The difference is India took a Democratic way China a Dictatorship. India despite rapid growth has deteriorated over time. Can’t provide basic law and order, cast system of untouchables (modern day apartheid in the 21st century. C’mon!) etc. The Chinese has successfully created physical infrastructure & delivered basic public services.

    Growth in India has relied on the private sector where the state is in shambles, while China enjoys better state structure. The Private sector in India can not compensate for the lack of an efficient state so inequality continues in all aspects.

    Bottom line, you and Prof. Al prefer India and I don’t.

  10. ጉረኞች
    | #10

    Dawi
    Be honest sometimes if not always. The reason why you chose China as model is not for what it does for development but how the ruling junta stayed in power with coercive military force and gross basic human right violation. You wish that is the only way the Tigre gujiles can survive in Ethiopia. I listed down for you which countries are so called developmental state and which liberal states. Except talking about developmental state, you do not have a gut to pick in which one you want to live if you are given a choice. The reason is simple, none of the developmental states are protective of basic human right specially for dirt poor of their own citizens and would be refugees. Liberal democracy is by far better for any human being to live in dignity.

  11. Dawi
    | #11

    ጉረኞች said:

    [[.. Dawi .. Be honest sometimes if not always. The reason why you chose China as model is not for what it does for development… You wish that is the only way the Tigre gujiles can survive in Ethiopia….do not have a gut to pick in which one you want to live…]]

    I don’t think by creating another Somora Yonus [as Abiy proposed] while overthrowing “the Tigre gujiles” is going to give us a better shot at creating a Democratic country. Chances are the route the new Samora & assoc. take would make them another “gujiles”.

    I didn’t give you my choice of a country because somewhere else I described what the fastest way to development was. Liberal Democracy works best in a developed state; in other words, development is a pre-requisite for Liberal Democracy. As the fastest way to development is a DICTATORSHIP (Asian Tigers), working with the Meles Dictatorship IMO,is a good option.

    I live in the West and I like the option of living in my own country as well. If we agree that DICTORSHIP is ONLY a transition to Democracy and the good Prof. Messay writes up the “working agreement” we will all be set to go.

  12. Development without freedom
    | #12

    I see new propaganda campaign by Weyenes using opposition forums. They (Weyenes) have realized the media they control are full of lies and people are not believing them.

  13. ጉረኞች
    | #13

    Dawi said
    “If we agree that DICTORSHIP is ONLY a transition to Democracy….” No, you are completely wrong. Why would you want me to trust Woyane’s dictatorship as a transition to DEMOCRACY when I really experienced similar dictatorship of Derg which led to another brutal dictator, woyane? Dictatorship breeds dictatorship not democracy. Learn from Europeans and Americans where you are enjoying to live, not from what you blindly imagine. The democratization process that swept the old-European countries in the 17th century, replacing and despotic systems made them the most prosperous and livable countries by human beings, not that of the dictatorship countries of China or some other less important countries.

  14. Dawi
    | #14

    ጉረኞች,

    Are you serious talking about the 17Th Century? And China is “less important” ? You got to be kidding me?

    We are in the 21Th Century now.

    In recent history the economic miracles of greater magnitude and with longest lasting effects have occurred in countries under a dictatorship.

    The most rapidly growing country in the 1970’s was the military-ruled Brazil. The economic tigers of the 1980 were the dictatorships of South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. In the 1990’s the leader was China.

    In 1950 South Korea was the economic equal of Kenya or Nigeria, while Taiwan was comparable to Egypt. But during the next 30 years the economies of Taiwan grew by leaps and bounds.

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