The giant shows signs of life. By Yilma Bekele

April 19th, 2012 Print Print Email Email

I feel energized. Our freedom tree is bearing fruits. It is the result of the tireless effort of thousands if not millions of us working together in harmony. Due to the miracle of the Internet such as our independent Web sites and Social Media such as Facebook and Twitter and our potent weapon ESAT and the various local Radio stations such as Addis Dimts, Sheger FM among many we are able to be a voice for the silenced. We have been heard.

The ethnic cleansing that is being waged has become an international knowledge. This is not the first time the TPLF regime has practiced such crime against humanity. This is the first time it has been exposed for all to see. It is no consolation to the victims’ but for what it is worth their fellow citizens and the international community has recognized and felt their pain. We owe a debt of gratitude to our brave Ethiopians at home that face danger but are relentless in their pursuit of justice for their people. We thank our Independent Web sites for their wonderful job of informing us and giving us a forum where we can discuss our hopes, concerns, worry and try to find solution for our motherland.

The criminal activity being seen and documented in broad daylight did not please Ato Meles. He reacted in a violent way. We saw his fingers curl with anger and his veins stand with too much blood. We saw agony on his face and fear in his soul. I heard him refer to our country by name for the first time. Menor tru new. It was normally ‘Agritua’ and we are referred to as ‘Hezbua’. He was forced to utter ‘Ethiopia” and ‘Ethiopiawinet.’ How could he point his hate finger at us without calling us by our name? Interesting, don’t you think?

Here is what he said. ‘Those that want to be famous for their stand on the unity of Ethiopia, and claim Ethiopiawinet’ as their brand’ are attempting to paint a picture as if the Southern Kilil, Benchi Maji Zone, and Gura Fereda Wereda as declaring a campaign on Amharas in general and the people of Eastern Gojjam people in particular.’ It was a strange statement. I searched to see if anyone has made such claim. I could not find any one talking about a campaign by the citizens of those localities against Amharas or any one else. The truth of the matter is the issue is not whether it is against Amharas, Gambellans or Somlais. We were against the practice of ‘ethnic cleansing’ against anyone. The current crime just happens to be directed at the Amharas and that is a fact.

Why did he say that? I saw two reasons for his convoluted logic. He has done this before and it comes natural to him. First and foremost he wanted to foment hate between the people of Benchi Maji and the Amhara community. Second he wanted to cover his role in this criminal activity. He blamed it on the Administrations of the Southern Kilil from the President to the Wereda boss. It is never his responsibility for any thing bad happening in the country while good things are due his brilliant mind and astute leadership.

Both are not worthy of a statesman. The truth is there is no animosity between the people of Benchi Maji and their Amhara fellow citizens. They are simple farmers trying hard to make a living relying on sweat, determination and hard work. They do not compete rather they cooperate due to their common quest to survive in a very primitive environment. They have no time for hate and conflict. Life is hard enough as is. It is not all right for a leader to peddle hate and mistrust.

Second The Southern President Shiferaw Shigute, the local Zonal and Wereda officials are employees of Ato Meles. The buck stops at his desk. They would not even fart without his permission. He got them elected in a rigged manner and they owe allegance to him and to him alone. In case they try to get out of line he has his Army and security ready to pounce on them and they are perfectly aware of that fact. Their position is littered with the ghosts of jailed, exiled or killed former employees.

What I saw was a person finally coming to terms with his actions. It is a defining moment for our attempt to make him accept responsibility. To make him understand there is consequences to ideas, polices and style of governance. The ‘ethnic cleansing’ being practiced is the result of the philosophy of Kilil in its pure sense. Kilil is the corner stone of Ato Melese’s style of leadership and his never ending attempt to stay in power no mater the price. Kilil is different from Federalism. Kilil is Apartheid in black. The language of Kilil is not conducive to building a Multi National democratic country or institution. The current incident from Benchi Maji will not be the last one. As long as the concept of Kilil is imposed on our people incidents such as Bedeno, Gambella, South Omo and Benchi Maji will be part of our future. We do not need fortuneteller to know that.

The Ethiopian Parliament is the perfect example of a dysfunctional body. It is here Ato Meles shows up to inform them of his current dream. All Parliamentarians except one are hand picked by Ato Meles and his associates. There is no one sitting there except one that does not owe his position to anybody else except Ato Meles and his TPLF Party. The vast majority will not be elected as a dogcatcher let alone Parliamentarian in any normal setting. It is not because our country lacks such worthy individuals to run and get elected but due to lack of freedom and the yoke of dictatorship. Only the waste (zegach) rises to the top in TPLF controlled Ethiopia. They represent no one except themselves. They are happy to accept anything the master throws their way as long as they go along with his misguided and dangerous vision. Control of over ninety-seven percent of Parliament seats does not happen in a healthy society. It is a sign of something that has gone wrong.

This is what he told his choir regarding the ‘ethnic cleansing’ activity being carried by his surrogates at his behest.
“ The Southern Administration has given adequate explanation and I do not want to go into details …..due to historical circumstances in the last ten years about thirty thousand people from East Gojjam have settled in Bench Maji area thus for all practical purposes it has become East Gojjam and the local authority is in the hands of the settlers. There is land to be farmed and we have no problem with developing the place. I see one problem here the settlement activity is done on individual basis and this is destructive. Although there is savanna land available including jungle areas and it is here the settlers decided to farm because they were not concerned regarding deforestation to use the trees for charcoal and building purpose. Thus the Kilil and the Wereda decided to protect the forest and said what is done is in the past but from now there will be no settlement with out being organized. The Southern Kilil and the Amhara Kilil consulted on this and decided to deny individual type of settlement imitative and agreed on organized approach. This is not a criminal act against people of Benchi Maji or against Eastern Gojjames. Those who want to interpret such act as such are being irresponsible. Searching for the truth and like their slogan of viewing all Ethiopians as equal instead without basis and without looking at the existing situation and without basis based on selfish personal gains declaring Amharas hare being swept away, Eastern Gojjam people are being attacked is wrong it is not helpful the truth is what I just like what said.” Please go to: to watch the video version of this drama.

You see what I mean. His version is an excuse not based on the real situation we are witnessing in front of us. The victims have names; faces and we have seen the pictures of the displaced with their family. They are not a figment of our imagination. Ato Meles sitting in his bunker at Arat Kilo does not have the time or the desire to face reality. Him or any of his officials have not met the internally displaced victims and shown any kind of empathy for their fellow citizens. The same person that is leasing virgin land to Indians, Saudis and other foreigners at dirt-cheap prices, the same leader that is destroying our cherished heritage such as Waldeba Monastery is going environmentalist when it comes to a few peasant subsistence farmers. He is blaming us for being concerned for our people and calling him out for his wrongdoing. Isn’t that putting things upside down or standing things head first. In this speech he even managed to include the Amhara Kilil in this ugly act. It is not that we had any expectation of the different Bantustan governors to stand up for their respective people but he speaks as if they are independent bodies that can address the concerns of their constituents. How could that not be when they in fact are his creation and do not posses any power nor independent will of their own? As my friend Ephrem said ‘how could the tail wag the dog?”

His response, excuse or shifting the blame is not based on valid ground. There are plenty of instances where such ploy has not worked at all. Hitler was responsible for the crime committed against the Jewish people. Those who obeyed his order and did the evil deed were judged as harshly as the architect of the criminal act. The Yugoslav leader Millosevic was put on trial with his main cleanser Karadzic and his General Ratko Mladic. I was just obeying orders is not a valid defense. Shiferaw Shigute’s and other Kilil administrator’s crime is not less than Meles Zenawi’s. The master and his servant are judged equally. We are putting anyone that hurts our people on notice that justice might be slow but it always happens. We all know the Ferenji sponsors of these misfits are not reliable allies. Their motto is ‘don’t do the crime if you cant do the time.’ Recent events have proven that principle. Gadaffi used to be a good friend of Tony Blair, Mubarak was a trusted ally of the US, the Shah of Iran was the number one policeman in the Gulf and Saddam was tolerated while Charles Taylor was a useful tool. Where are they now? You hear that Meles Zenawi, how about Shiferaw Shigute? Are we clear on this concept or are we self deluding?

As I said our relentless struggle on behalf our people is showing signs of momentum. It is not based on hate or directed at ethnic group or persons but love for people and country. It is invigorating to see our work being translated to action. The current discussion on waging peaceful resistance on a higher level is both promising and shows the maturity of our movement. Boycott is a tried and successful method of showing our disgust with the system. We are flexing our muscle on behalf of our people. It is not an overnight success. It takes time and requires patient explanation so our people know and understand the important role personal responsibility plays in the search for freedom and equality. Putting the needs of the many in front of self-gratification is not an easy concept to master. But we are up to the task. I have no doubt with that. When properly understood by many it will become natural as our love for our ancient land.

Fighting dictatorship takes many forms. Some use the power of the gun, others organize, many utilize boycott, citizens resort to sabotage among many other forms of making life difficult for the abusers. All are respect forms of gaining self worth and dignity. It is the combination of all these that bring the day of reckoning closer and the process of building a free and harmonies society begins in earnest. Our love and respect for each other, our commitment to equality and democracy will win over the hate and divisive politics peddled by the dying regime. Each one of us is responsible for our own actions as we hold the TPLF regime responsible for its actions. We each answer for our own sins not our friends or neighbors. Shifting responsibility onto others has not done us any good. It only makes us weak and the laughing stock of the world around us. Today the sleeping giant known as the Diaspora is stirring. It is showing signs of connecting the dots and at long last understanding without our effort there will be no Ethiopia to go to. There will be no Timket, no Fasika, no Ethiopian Eid Al-Fitir, no Adis Amet and no proud history. Our children will be dispersed and no one will be there to tell our gallant history and the sacrifice of our ancestors. It is a shame if we let that happen on our watch. Eskinder said no. Andualem said no. Reeyot said no. What say you my friend?

  1. Yemerete Zerafew
  2. Gigi
    | #2

    Thanks Yilema, I will not give up. We should not give up. To what turn we should give up?

    We should change our countries politics to the best of the whole nation and leave peacefully.

    All best wishes!!!!
    God bless Ethiopia and the rest of the world!

  3. Dawi
    | #3

    What I don’t get is how is getting rid of a Dictator who is committed to reducing poverty in the country a good thing for us; when chances are another one shall rise to take his place.

    I can give several examples if you like but suffice is to say the Shah of Iran, Saddam Hussein of Iraq, even in the case of your favorite uprising of Libya many of your heroes are the Muslim Brotherhood, who knows, Libya is may be another Taliban in the making. Taliban came when the Soviets were ousted from Afghan without alternative. Should I say more?

    [[..He was forced to utter ‘Ethiopia” and ‘Ethiopiawinet...]]

    I use to think it is a “sacred obligation” of all who come from that land to “utter” “Ethiopiawinet” and was disappointed to learn otherwise. That is when I met some folks in Diaspora that refuse to speak the national language or call themselves Ethiopians. I have also seen the turn around or the softening of hard line narrowness lately. I would say, the “New Olf” shall be another softener.

    I have learned “Ethiopiawinet” or Ethiopia is a brand that sells itself. Today I think it is distasteful to force others to “buy” it.

    I think Meles’s approach of nationalism is innovative and is not going to hurt us. Folks including Eritreans are challenged by his approach. With his new “Millennium Dam” mantra, nationalism is becoming the order of the day. So there is no reason to beat him up for that.

  4. Dawi
    | #4

    Girum on another thred pointed out eloquently of our fallacy observing our past leaders and systems. “እያወቅንና እየተመራመርን ስንሄድ(When we achieve more knowledge and skill) በተቃራኒው ማስተዋል የሚባለውን ጥበብ(wisdom) እናጣለን”.

    I think his thinking applies on how we evaluate out present leader as well.

    [[..በኢትዮጵያ በኢትዮጵያውነትና በኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ ላለፉት 40 ዓመታት ያህል በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የተካሄደው ሴራና ደባ ዛሬ ተግባራዊ እየሆነ ነው፡፡አማራውን በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የማሰቃየት የማፈናቀልና የማዳከም ድብቅ ሴራና ደባም የዚህ አንድ ትልቅ ተልእኮ አካል ነው፡፡..]]

    I don’t think there is a conspiracy on us but, If we say Ethiopian Democrats in general advocated Leninism in the past 40 years and are seeing the “fruits” of their work now, we maybe correct.

    “in contrast to our aim of overthrowing autocracy,” In 1913 Lenin wrote: “Autonomy is our plan for the organization of a democratic state. Separation is not our plan at all… On the whole we are opposed to separation. But we support the right to separation.”

    MLLT/Meles had Lenin to back them up and considered/assumed the overthrow of autocracy/Derg and the victory of their movement a sufficient precondition for the resolution of the national question. That is what we have at hand and work in progress today.

    An adjustment of thinking is continuously being made from Leninism to Developmental State theory (which is good) however, the responsibility of adding more to the adjustment work falls on every stakeholder in that country. We can’t just blame or count one person for it.

  5. Tulu
    | #5

    You sound like someone stuck in historical log jam. As the saying goes, “beminilik gizie yedenekore Minilik yimut sil yinoral”. You still live in your dreams and delusions of the “communism crap”. Why don’t you grow up and forget the defunct, obsolete, and narcissist ideology? People who lived through and experienced this worthless ideology tell us that it is hell on earth. Marxism and Leninism has been an ideologue that created and nurtured psychopathic and narcissistic leaders like Stalin, Mao, Kim Il Sung, and our own midget who enjoy killing, torturing, and terrorizing citizens. Whatever your friend Mellesse thinks and does is infected with hate, revenge, murder, terror, treachery, and treason. That is what Ethiopia and Ethiopians saw in the last twenty years. No one of sound mind wants this ideology except someone delusional, psychotic, and narcissist. No amount of adjustment will heal a convoluted, cancerous, and psychotic mind. No one, and Mellesse and the Woyane/TPLF terrorists are prime examples for this.

  6. Dawi
    | #6

    What are talking about Tulu? – Tedi Affro is saying “Minilik yimut” as you speak! :-)

    FYI – The Chinese system is described as “Market-Leninism”. As with communism of the past, the party in China eradicated political rivals, no autonomy of the courts & media, centralized political power has security and labor camps. Exactly as in the heyday of Communism.

    China has overtaken Japan as the world’s second-biggest economy last year.

    What do you say to that?

  7. love
    | #7

    Marxist and Leninist is a farce, it sounds like it it standing for the majority and peasants but underneath the meaning is to oust a Monarchy by nature that protects sovereignty despite its imperfections. Therefore the marixist and Leninist does not really stand for the majority or the peasant although it sounds and seems like it but, the goal is the control of resources under very few, it is by nature non religious why is that? It is because having religion shows compassion, morality etc., it is by nature with no borders is because it allows that you can control lands of others without no accountability and international law. In fact the idea of Leninism and Marxism is being implemented right now through globalization, neoliberlalism. It is very tricky. So know your own history and your own system before adapting outside theory and opening a way to neocolonialism.

  8. aha!
    | #8

    Nevertheless out of context of the topics abve, Dawi is engaged in the coverup humanitarian, economic, political and evironmental crises perptrated by the TPLF/eprdf regime puutting the blame on global capitalism rather than ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, where the last ideology is carried over from the Derg regime and its own inclination to Marxisit ideology, to he assigns as an attibute of democracy and Development State/State capitalism as the economic model carried out by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations, where the mantra is economic development before democracy and obliviously accepted by the prcursor to UDJP “No change but durable democracy” is the way forward for the silent majority of Ethiopians. First and foremost, using the term democracy in the context of totalirinism and/or communism is utterly ridiculous. If that was the case that the Derg and the the other factions with Marxicist ideology would have moved forward with Consttutional Monarchy with parliamentary democracy and would have engaged the monarchy with democratic revolutuion for land reform and workers right. That did not happen, the Derg regime upon its down fall was taken over by the liberation movements spearheaded by TPLF against oppression of nations and nationalitiies with marxist ideology together with derg’s totalirinism took over the regime and are continuing to rule under ethnic federalism and secessionism but also totalirinism, which denies free market cpitalism, democracy and individual rights to supercede ethnic and secessionist rights and the so called opposition parties lined up as OPDF/EFDF/fdre has the same basic ethnic agenda as their platform and supportive of the constitution based on ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism in a State cpitalism economic model, but not free market capitalism with in a country, which is akin to gloal capitalism induced by Multi-national corporations world wide faciltated by mass media communication technologies, that are not available to the silent majority of Ethiopians, but limited to TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations.

  9. Yilma
    | #9

    when he said “Those that want to be famous for their stand on the unity of Ethiopia, and claim Ethiopiawinet’ as their brand’ are attempting to paint a picture as if the Southern Kilil, Benchi Maji Zone, and Gura Fereda Wereda as declaring a campaign on Amharas in general and the people of Eastern Gojjam people in particular”

    Still it reflects his divisive and arrogance and he tried to split among Ethiopians nations and nationalities and it did not work, he said Gojjam amahra, southern killil, werda and etc. what all these about?
    But southern people did not kicked out other Ethiopians but the TPLF and MELES did that but he tried put himself out from the pictures and he is talking about southern kilill and Gojjam and amara and etc, as far as I am concerned he is stupid and a Piece of work!!

  10. Dawi
    | #10

    Aha said:
    [[..Nevertheless out of context of the topics abve, Dawi is engaged in the coverup humanitarian, economic, political and evironmental crises…]]

    My hope & interest is if we can move to Democracy without starting all over from scratch again.

    So, I figured if we agree/admit the Leninist thinking of the past is shared by all of us, Meles may not look a stranger after all in our eyes.

    Zhao Ziyang was ousted in 89’ – for warning that China must move towards western-style democracy. Dictators have to play the balancing act, if they move too fast they will be history.

    As Meles seems to have a good balance with both West & East, I don’t particularly care of bringing a replacement Dictator to be on job training all over again.

    Transformation is moving forward, the Chinese party has largely transformed itself from a mass organization to a technocratic leadership corps. Can EPRDF do same? That means opening up to the best Ethiopia can offer.

    The Chinese has concentrated on targeting the best and brightest and the draw is no more ideological purity.

  11. ጉረኞች
    | #11

    “… the responsibility of adding more to the adjustment work falls on every stakeholder in that country. We can’t just blame or count one person for it.” you should take the blame as much as anybody else for this, my friend. Weren’t you the one telling us Meles has planned it all, Meles has planned when to expire the revolutionary democracy, Meles has a plan when to initiate democratic rule, Meles has a plan when to build bridge, Meles has a plan when to end corruption etc, etc. You should not hold us responsible if we are focusing on him.
    The real issue is that Meles is not willing to involve stakeholders. That is why we are fighting to institute real democracy by removing the stumbling block Meles.

  12. Dawi
    | #12


    [[..The real issue is that Meles is not willing to involve stakeholders. That is why we are fighting to institute real democracy by removing the stumbling block Meles..]].

    With all kind of plans Meles may have as you can understand the Dictatorship should only end when folks are ready.

    Looking at it strictly from theoretical point of view, it is economic and social development what leads to democratic demands from the citizens. This is so because it is when people have their basic needs met that they may start valuing the increase of political freedoms over further increases in development.

    It is required that you & other Ethiopian Democracy advocates understand that the swiftest path to development (a prerequisite for a sustainable liberal democracy) is the developmental State succeeding in providing the basic need. I don’t see any reason why he won’t remove the “stumbling block” if the stakeholders understand the historical role of the Developmental State.

  13. Rango
    | #13

    Dawi – don’t be too quick to praise the chinese system, and the economic ‘prosperity’ it is enjoying now. For one, systems in general take long to mature, and we are not sure if their so-called ‘market-communism/leninis/Maoism/’ would in the long term work for their nation. As we all know, it took 70 years for us to see the dawn fall of socialism, and who knows what is in store for the chinese system. Your second problem is even more serious: you seem to think that all humans care about is ‘feeding themselves’. If so, the human society appears to be inferior to wild animals, which always have enough to eat. But, I am not surprised, perhaps people like you belong to that kingdom. The animal kingdom, where nothing else, but food matters.

  14. chizaq
    | #14

    In other words,Zinawi is telling the public,”Not me.” Well,if he has not ordered the ethnic cleansing,who else has? Zinawi is a total jurk.

    Almost through out his life he campained against amharas;what we see today is a spill over from his head.He lied about his victims through his teeth.Isn’t this insanity? Isn’t this man a risk to himself that one day he will get chocked on bullshit and lies? Stupid Askari.

  15. Dawi
    | #15

    Rango said:

    [[… human society appears to be inferior to wild animals, ….eat. But, I am not surprised, perhaps people like you belong to that kingdom. The animal kingdom, where nothing else, but food matters…]]

    Don’t take it personal. You may have met your personal needs as we speak however, the best way is to compare systems of governments & what the state implements by looking at similar states that took different choices.

    China & India both became independent around 1950, similar size population China a little more. Both have grown fast. India is a “democratic rule” & China is Dictatorship of CCP. Over the last 40 yrs China built infrastructure and delivered basic needs like health etc. India grew fast but people still live in cast system (modern apartheid) basic law & order is absent and basic needs of the public are not met.

    While creating market is relatively easy but building better infrastructure like roads, dams etc and basic equality in health & education and welfare is something a private sector are not as good. So China has an advantage of continuing current growth & democratization down the line while India may not.

    Another example is when the Soviets chose perestroika with Gorbachev and political liberalization they disintegrated all together while China did economic liberalization is still intact and moving forward towards democratization by taking care of and “feeding themselves” & the people so that they think with full stomach and can choose what is right for themselves.

    I don’t know about you but with empty stomach the best you can do empower the Ethnic pimps running like wild animals as in the true “the animal kingdom” taking care of “business” as usual.

    Developmental State Dictatorship lasts for as long as needed but once the basic needs of humans is met it will disappear from the face of that land as it did in the Asian Tigers. I think we should make Meles sign a convenent that his Dictatorship dissapears after basic needs are met in the country so that we all get along and move forward. I think Messay’s original manifesto should be brought back to the table.

  16. aha!
    | #16

    In retrospect looking at Dawi’s, the authors Gurenoch’s point of views have part of the truth but to put these views into perspective one has to hinge ones point of view on the the three ideologies prevalent for the last 21 years of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalirianism, built into the constitution. When Dawi blames Global Capitalism, and yet accepts the current regime with ethnic fereralism, secessionism and totaliarinism of a divide and rule policy and totaliarinsm, and admiring the alliance of the regime with China and the Western Donor Nations, and others blaming only Meles as if Melese is not equated to ethnic fereralism, secessionism and totalirianism in a State Capitalism in East Asian style with expolitations, political, and economic strangle hold of the countries resources by TPLF and TPLf affiliated enterprises, foreign corporations and countries.

    And for those who believe socialism has gone with the downfall of the Derg regime, totalirianism has been well and alive and well as a carry over from the Derg regime and its own inclination to Marxisism with the ideology of ethnic federalism and secessionism. What Dawi might be implying may be there is no difference between the current line up of OPDF/FF/EFDF/fdre, with UDJP and Tigrai-Harena in the coalition, are one and the same without a ratification of the constitution, never the a far streched interpretation of the future majority ethnic rule.

    Therfore by hinging ones point of view, one may a perspective view of the causes for humanitarian, economic, political and political crises perpetrated by TPLF/eprdf regime through the creation of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, which does not allow for free market capitalism, democracy and individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence to ethnic and secessionist rights to create a constitution based on individual freedom, liberty and equality to elect a party that rules by the consent of the governed which according to the current layout of the dominant political parties of TPLF/eprdf and OPDF/OFF/EFDF/fdre, which are based on ethnic agenda do not bring about the necessary changes to empower the individual as opposed to those ligned up for the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item has to do with individual freedom, liberty and equality for the silent majority of Ethiopians to which the current privilaged class are included uner the new constitution.

  17. ጉረኞች
    | #17

    What Dawi missed or consciously omit is that what Developmental State mean. I posted on one of the threads the definition of Developmental State from wikipedia. Here is what it means “Developmental state, or hard state, is a term used by international political economy scholars to refer to the phenomenon of state-led macroeconomic planning in East Asia in the late twentieth century. ….. A developmental state is characterized by having strong state intervention, as well as extensive regulation and planning.”

    1. Based on the definition Dictatorship is not a requirement for developmental state as Dawi tries to convince us.
    2. Meles is not working hard to initiate development in the other kilil of Ethiopia as it appears to be. His objective is to expropriate resources from other kilil to develop Tigray. Dawi want us to ignore this fact. He might argue that the land leases are out side of Tigray, thus the people of those kilil will benefit job creation. That would not give sense as land leases are managed by Federal government, a government that primarily serves Tigre people. At this point, it is a secret where the money the government generated from the land leases is going. The simple fact is all business associated to leases are Tigres that do not have anything to do with the local population.
    3. I agree with Aha, Ethiopia need democratic and accountable government first in order to initiate true development and lasting peace. We need to espouse a constitution that protects individual freedoms from infringement of government power.

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