The Nirvana Fallacy of Meles Zenawi’s Separation of Democracy From Economic Development By Tecola W. Hagos,

May 28th, 2012 Print Print Email Email

“Man does not live by bread alone…” Matthew 4:4; [Deuteronomy 8:3]

I. Introduction

All over the world, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is promoting his dubious assertion that economic development is something that is separate from democracy and by extension from all forms of social interactions (political, ethical, and moral constraints). As a matter of fact, that is not a novel idea for Meles, for the idea was also reflected in the first question he asked over fifteen years ago at his first meeting with Prof Samuel Huntington in Addis Ababa, whether democracy was possible in “a peasant” based economic system. It is also a clear contradiction of the claim that the TPLF started out as a liberation struggle from an oppressive political system. In short, there are numerous negative ramifications that could be deduced from such dubious opinion of a leader.

This form of statement delaminating democracy from economic development and the mind that conjures it up may be quite shallow. Meles Zenawi’s opinion on the separateness of democracy from economic development seems to be a naïve or elementary understanding of the interface between all forms of social activities and economics. To be generous, such view reminds me of Economics 101 text book by Samuelson where the preoccupation is to teach basic definitions and concepts in the field of economics, and of necessity such introductory text book is simplified and is devoid of social context in order to avoid complexity and provide simplistic explanations appropriate at such initiation stage. For example, in teaching children the alphabet, one does not go into the historical roots and evolution of the language and that of the individual alphabets. It seems to me to base ones opinion, at an international forum, on such elementary understanding of economics in our social reality is quite inappropriate and embarrassing too.

It is not helpful to the struggle of the people of Ethiopia if our leaders keep on insisting on seeing political freedom and economic development separated. It is extremely worrisome to me because by implication Meles Zenawi’s argument seems supported by the rich and the powerful nations around the world, for they kept inviting this brutal dictator to their renowned conferences, the latest being the G8 (G20) at Camp David and Washington DC. It is this form of acceptance at international forums that is confusing the Ethiopian people in the Diaspora and back in our own homes, on how to deal with Meles Zenawi. The acceptance by such powerful Governments seems to endorse Meles Zenawi’s activities and seems to give legitimacy to his form of despotism and corruption. There was no need to invite Meles Zenawi to such Forums, while he is brutalizing a people through his draconian laws camouflaged as laws against terrorism. I know that Western Governments are no angels, but should they be also so stupid to be manipulated by the likes of Meles Zenawi? For a struggling people of Ethiopia, it is a difficult process to go against such powerful political current flowing from powerful Governments.

II. Category Mistake
It is obvious from his numerous speeches that Meles Zenawi is a highly skilled manipulator of words and ideas in manners that would seem to follow logical reasoning; but it is an inductive amalgamation of some limited factual matters with self-serving goals to build an exaggerated edifice. However hard one may try to read some rationality in Meles Zenawi’s views, even bend backward to accommodate such wayward polemic, it is simply impossible to see any rational in such opinion, and with some degree of scrutiny, one can see how porous and riddled Meles Zenawi’s opinion on economic/development is with fallacies and invalid conclusions. Thus, Meles Zenawi by basing his argument in disassociating or delaminating democracy from development or development from democracy, based on the alleged absence of historical evidence connecting the two, is simply confusing and a denial of reality. He even went further claiming that there is no theoretical connection between democracy and development.

I am at a loss to account for such bizarre assertions by Meles Zenawi. I cannot fathom the possibility that he grew up into his adulthood without ever reading E. F. Schumacher’s Small is Beautiful: Economics as If People Mattered, and ever tempering his wild and violent nature and saving himself from making such asinine remarks in public forums. I am more embarrassed than angry for such public display of idiotic ideas; after all, when the dust settles, Meles Zenawi not only is representing our Motherland, but also all peoples of color around the world. This form of delamination of economic development from democracy has several fallacious starting points and arguments. It has elements of Cartesian dualism, which had been a source of contentious debates among theologians, philosophers, political scientists et cetera for quite some time. Most importantly, it is a classic example of a category mistake of focusing on the identity of “the whole” entity as if it is a constituent part.

Of course, Meles’s argument in support of such assertion is fallacious on an empirical assessment and examination of those successful nations also. What is even worse is that Meles presented his statements as categorical imperatives, with no room for discourse or reexaminations. The idea is also a recycled old and thoroughly exhausted Marxism-Leninism with a pinch of Stalinism. Maoism is a totally different economic and sociopolitical setup that should be discussed separately, especially away from Marxism-Leninism and Stalinism. What I see in the effort to delaminate democracy from economic development by Meles Zenawi and his supporters and admirers, including his detractors, is a mix up of concepts and problems of predicating what needs to be proven or verified for logical validity. My favorite story in the framing of the controversy is the story that Philosopher Gilbert Ryle used to tell his students at Oxford University, about his friend (some claim the visitor to be a “Tourist”) who visited him and wanted to see Oxford University. The story goes that dutifully Prof Ryle took his friend around pointing out “this is All Souls”, “this is Christ Church”, “this is Magdalen”, et cetera. At the end of the tour Ryle’s friend said, “Thank you for showing me all these beautiful Colleges, but you did not show me Oxford University.” The point is that parts constitute the “whole,” and that the “whole” is not a part or cannot be its own member [a set of one or the null set technically do not have constituents], which in this case is identified by Ryle as a ”category mistake,” and using Ryle’s favorite phrasing on a similar issue, there is no “ghost in the machine” called Oxford, for example. In the same way this artificial delamination between democracy and economic growth/development is a search for a “ghost” called “economic development.” Economic growth is a part of a democratic process; it cannot be separated from the democratic process.

The argument in favor of such separation is usually based on selective examples of some Twentieth Century national economies around the world that had shown tremendous economic growth without having the ideal “democratic” form of governments. At any rate, those Asian Tigers had leaders and entrepreneurs who loved their respective countries and were not engaged in massive siphoning off the wealth of their respective countries. By contrast, Meles Zenawi and his associates are engaged in massive shameful looting of Ethiopia, where it was reported by an independent body that in the last few years alone there was capital flight and money transfer from Ethiopia worth between three to five billion dollars, without adding the gold that is looted for almost twenty years that turned a simple peddler of music cassettes into a multi billionaire. The fact is that there is some democratic element even in the den of thieves. If we use that type of approach or argument used by Meles to justify his assertion of separating economic growth from democracy, slavery can also be justified to produce the type of “economic” growth claimed by Meles. This form of argument easily deteriorate into the “chicken or the egg” type of dilemma, and ought to be rejected right away. It is an argument that has been repeatedly proven wrong with clear examples of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the East Block countries. Cuba the last holdout is tittering on its last leg. North Korea and China would go the same route as the Soviet Union in few years. Already China is not the China of Mao’s time and vision; it is recovering its “Imperial” self and reestablishing its ancient social structure under new banners and new names.

III. The Nirvana Fallacy
Meles Zenawi’s claim of the separateness of democracy from economic development defies much of the long standing theories about the connection between democracy and economic development, and also goes against empirical evidence accumulated over the last hundred fifty years affirming the correlation between democracy and economic development. Starting from Adam Smith (The Wealth of Nations) down to Joseph Stiglitz and Jeffrey Sachs [twin fans of Meles Zenawi at Columbia University] the overwhelming majority of economists that I read have used the democratic form of government matrix as the basis of their illumination of economic growth or advancement, which in our modern parlance means economic development or modernization processes. Although I did not find a single Nobel Laureate in economics whose thesis is based on the delamination of democracy and economic development, on the other hand I have found several Nobel Prize Laureates in economics whose views are premised on the connection between economic development and democracy. Since 1969, there has been about seventy Nobel Laureates. Starting in 1971 with Prof Simon Kuznets of Harvard University, the Nobel Prize was awarded for over fifty world-class economists for works that involve “process of economic development” and sociopolitical structure.

The following distinguished scholars and professors all wrote basing their analysis on the intimate and direct relationship between social and political structures and the economy of states:
1 – Prof Frederick Hayek – 1974 Nobel Laureate – capitalism and democracy
2- Prof Milton Friedman – 1976 Nobel Laureate – on monetary policy – on capitalism and democracy
3 – Prof Theodore Schultz – 1979 Nobel Laureate – on development economics
4 – Prof Gary Becker – 1992 Nobel Laureate – on economics and human behavior
5 – Prof Rober Fogol – 1993 Nobel Laureate – on economic history and institutional changes
6 – Prof Amartya Sen – 1998 Nobel Laureate- on welfare economics – development and freedom
7 – Prof Joseph Stiglitz – 2001 Nobel Laureate – on asymmetric information – development and free-market
8 – Prof Thomas J Sargent – 2011 Nobel Laureate – on cause and effect of national and global (macro) economy

I have studied the works of the economists listed above and others, in some cases far more extensively, starting from my years in law school, such as the works of Schumacher, Kuznets, Hayek, Friedman, Galbraith, and in the last fifteen years those of Joseph Stiglitz and Amartya Sen whom I greatly admire and had the privilege of meeting in person. The claim that democracy is not necessary for economic development misses the whole point in the understanding of economic growth in any society, in the first place. Is it possible to have a human goal or purpose without human beings? This may sound a foolish question, but the idea of economic development delaminated from democracy or human freedom/rights is equally absurd. It is a comedy and a tragedy to read Meles Zenawi’s ersatz opinion in light of the learned writings of world-class economists whose life-time works affirm the fact that political processes and the economy of a country cannot be so easily and callously delaminated or be seen as having very little to do with each other.

My concern in this short paper is whether Meles Zenawi’s delaminating of democracy from economic development is a serious threat to the State of Ethiopia and/or the development aspirations of people around the globe. What is the attraction of having plenty of food to eat and high employment, if one is living in a slave-plantation or a nation of dictatorial rule where individuals live in great fear and insecurity, with minimal freedoms. Human beings are not like donkeys, horses, or baboons with life not much beyond eating and mating. The human yearning for freedom, self expression, autonomy et cetera is as real as the craving for food, shelter, and security. In fact, it is quite disconcerting to raise such issue in the twenty first century where the Internet and other technological advances have continued to add and expand the value of human life. My interest here is not to create a hierarchy of human needs and aspirations, but to recognize the real needs of human beings whether it is spiritual, abstract, or material. I do not find any wisdom in arranging human needs in schemes that creates some arbitrary and artificial hierarchy.

Of course, what Meles is saying is a lot more subtle than being simple crude polemic. What is confusing to people who read him is the fact that the “ideals” of democracy not being realizable in full at any given moment in human social and political life, may end up making it look reasonable to argue the position that since such democratic ideal is not possible, the delamination of economic development from such matrix does not seem that extreme. This form of argument is what logicians call the nirvana fallacy. Actually the term was coined by an economist, Harold Demsetz, in 1969. Another related fallacy is “the fallacy of perfection.” In either case the fallacy lies in the idea that unless every aspect of an ideal is achieved then the real life situation or effort toward that ideal is futile. Unless every aspect of the “ideal democracy” is in place in a community, anything less is a justification to throw out what is even achieved as a shortcoming. As I stated earlier, “democracy” is not a “ghost” in a political machine. It has constituent parts that add up to what is identified to be a democratic system of government. Such constituent parts of democracy, although in a process, includes such structures of rule of law, impartial judges, legislative bodies at different levels, elected and/or appointed executives, freedom of speech and expression, free market and healthy competition et cetera. When one speaks of “democracy” as if it is a distinct element from the many constituent parts of a system, one is committing a “category mistake” or talking of a “ghost” in the political entity.

IV. The Reality on the Ground
I wish this article as a form of criticism on Meles Zenawi’s views on the relationship of democracy and economic development was written by individuals whose primary discipline is economics; however, in the absence of that I am filling in with a kind of leaning or inclination toward logic and simple common sense and the philosophy of rights. I hope I did not mess-up or sacrifice economics completely for philosophy and logic. In case of this particular view of Meles Zenawi, I believe that his delamination of democracy from economic development is an unabashed and arrogant justification for his dictatorial rule that he claims to be that of developmental state. This separation of economic development from democracy and human rights is a straw-man argument to hide his mediocre ability in governance that has resulted in the total disfranchisement of the Ethiopian people from our political and human rights and our right to economic growth and development. The literature on the subject of the connection between democracy and economic development is enormous. As indicated above, there are several renowned economists who have won Nobel prizes and other recognitions for their contribution on the subject of democracy and economic development.

The singular shortcoming of Meles Zenawi and his associates is their “winner-takes-it-all” or “leave-no-prisoners” type of operation in an area of human endeavor that necessarily requires great compromises, negotiations, and tolerance and accommodations of diverse people and multiple of interests. To borrow a phrase from my good friend Dr. Moges Gebremariam, no “political scrap” is left by Meles Zenawi and his associates whenever they go after a political goal contending with others for leadership. There is no “political scrap” for others to use to reconstitute and recover in order to keep the political life of Ethiopia survive in some form.

Facts on the ground bear my assertion that everything that sprouts from Meles Zenawi’s brain is aimed to do one and only one thing: to earn or receive for any number of reasons as much hard currency (Dollar, Euro, Swiss Frank et cetera) that will be directed through all kinds of devices and conduits to the control of Meles Zenawi and his associates. This obsessive pursuit of hard currency was started even before the TPLF/EPRDF overrun the brutal military regime of Mengistu Hailemariam during the time of the great famines of the 1980s where millions of hard currency of aid money disappeared in the byzantine world of TPLF’s money stashing system. To this day there had never been a full accounting or auditing of such stash of money. Once the TPLF leaders were established as the Government of Ethiopia, the economy of Ethiopia has been totally dominated by corporations and partnerships controlled by Meles Zenawi and his associates since 1991 for over twenty years. This led to the accumulation of a mountain of Ethiopian currency, paper money called birr, which is worth nothing in the international currency market for it is not readily exchanged or can be converted into hard currency.

The whole “economic renaissance” program initiated by Meles Zenawi, including the several mega hydroelectric generating dams, is a ruse and subterfuge, an elaborate scheme for the conversion of ill begotten Ethiopian currency into hard currency. Meles Zenawi does not give a hoot for Ethiopians or Ethiopia, he never had; he does not care a scintilla whether Ethiopians prosper, whether our national territorial integrity is respected, or whether our sovereign rights are enforced. As a matter of observed fact, he physically struggles to say “Ethiopia” in his oral presentations for the Word “Ethiopia” seems to choke him. This does not surprise me at all when I consider his family background and how he grew up in a community that shunned and insulted him and his family, just like Mengistu Hailemariam who vented his deeply seated anger against “Ethiopians” by committing massive horrendous murders.

We, Ethiopians, must be careful in choosing our national leaders, in following political opposition leaders et cetera, the spur of the moment type emotional outbursts and hatred driven choices will not do. The background of a person, how well adjusted that person is in his or her Ethiopianness, whether he has faith et cetera matters most. My sincere advise to all my fellow Ethiopians is that we never ever follow anyone petty, small-minded, and/or with no religious conviction. Let us not support anyone just because he or she comes out from a disfranchised or poor family or minority ethnic group. I suggest that we look for individual qualities of generosity, compassion, courage, love and pride in ancient and current Ethiopia, and a person of magnanimity and vision for a great people and a nation.

God Bless Ethiopia and Ethiopians. Amen.

Tecola W. Hagos
May 27, 2012
Washington DC

  1. Alem
    | #1

    Thank you Professor Tecola for the good piece. Meles, as you suggested, is nothing but a Stalinist leftover – ever after the end justifying the means. Your “Oxford” illustration is very relevant. Meles, I suspect, is trying to make up for the educational opportunities he lost while waging a guerrilla war. Part of the reason he goes into impressive lecture mode in the presence of foreign dignitaries is his craving for recognition of his talent. He is talented; there is no doubt about that. At the G-8 one of his arguments is that Ethiopia has millions of hectares of unused arable land that could be handed over to foreign agri-businesses. This is music to ears of Europeans and Obama. That is why they like him and mention about his intelligence! [Have you heard reporters and foreign leaders talk about each other's intelligence? Don't you see it is nothing more than racist to point out Meles' language facility and understanding of economics?] As you well know, Ethiopians have no say in all this. What is intriguing to me is why Tigrayan scholars continue to side with Meles or have gone underground to provide cover and credibility to a dictatorship. Another sad and festering situation is the state of the opposition. Almost every week there is a new group emerging with a new vision [rather confusion]. I remember reading your proposal few years ago about de-ethnicizing Ethiopian politics and organizing along Liberal/Conservative party programs. As things now stand, Amhara’s seem to not get it and want to take us back to old country; to the very same thing they object to in Meles Zenawi. The same could be said about Tigrayans and the Oromo.

  2. Demere
    | #2

    This article is a bit difficult for those of us who are not well versed in economic theory to understand. However, it appears that his arguement follows some logical line, I think.
    The professor should be commended for attempting to discredit Meles’s dubious assertion that economic growth and democracy are not related.
    Whatever the case may be, I think Prof Tecola should try to publish this, probably with more points, on a professional publication.

    I hope they don’t say we will not publish your article because Meles’s theory, which has been expounded in the past by other dictators, has an already been completely discredited.

  3. yilma b.
    | #3

    One of your best work. You have captured Meles Zenawi in his purest form, confused and confusing.Thank you for a lucid analysis of the madness of an individual who is driving the bus with eighty million passengers. May God save Ethiopia, Amen!

  4. admirer
    | #4

    Tecola hagos for pm.

  5. woyane buster
    | #5

    This is how the ehno-fascist dictator meles and his cohorts run a tplf government at the expense of Ethiopia.

    ‘…The army is controlled by TPLF loyalists. Almost all the generals that have key positions in the army are TPLF members from one minority ethnic group and handpicked by Meles

    The economy is significantly dominated by two conglomerates. The billionaire Sheik Mohammed Al Amoudi, who has lost the respect of the Ethiopian people when he publicly declared to be a TPLF loyalist in 2005, has managed to have a significant share in many sectors of the economy.

    Nonetheless, the privileged Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray (EFFORT) has emerged as the unchallenged monopoly that pays neither income tax nor opens its accounts for external audit.
    Nobody has access to EFFORT’s astounding wealth except Meles Zeanwi, his wife and hismost trusted loyalists like masters of corruption Abadi Zemu, Arkebe Ekubay and Getachew Belay.

    After Meles appointed his wife, Azeb Mesfin, who is widely known as the first lady of corruption, as head of his business conglomerate, it turned out that EFFORT is nothing but a family business making billions of birr in annual profit.

    While EFFORT controls the fate of the Ethiopian economy, the stake of the TPLF in foreign aid is managed by two domineering NGOs called the Relief Society of Tigray (REST) and the Tigray Development Association (TDA).

    The exploitative ethnic apartheid Meles and his cohorts have imposed on the people of Ethiopia has reduced the nation into Africa’s most explosive powder keg that can erupt any time.

  6. Girum
    | #6

    @ Tecola W HAgos
    How are you dear writer?

    In case of this particular view of Meles Zenawi, I believe that his delamination of democracy from economic development is an unabashed and arrogant justification for his dictatorial rule that he claims to be that of developmental state.
    The above excerpt is taken from the writer Tecola W. Hagos

    The follwing paragraph taken from taken Abugida was the speech of Meles regarding democracy Vs Economic Develoment.

    …. My view is that there is no direct relationship between economic growth and democracy historically or theoretically. But my view is that democracy is a good thing in and of itself irrespective of its impact on economic growth. And my view is that in Africa most of our countries are extremely diverse, that may be the only possibility, the only option of keeping relationships within nations sane. Democracy may be the only viable option for keeping these diverse nations together. So we need to democratize but not in order to grow. We need to democratize in order to survive as united sane nations. That’s my view. But I don’t believe in this nighttime, you know, bedtime stories and contrived arguments linking economic growth with democracy. There is no basis for it in history and in my view no basis for it it in economics. And there is no need to have this contrived argument because the case for democracy and can stand and shine on its own…

    የድሮ ሰዎች በሰምና ወርቅ ንግግርን ማቅረብ እንደዚሁም ከዚሁም ንግግር ሰምና ወርቅ ማውጣት አንዱ የህይወት ዘይቤያቸው ነበር፡፡አሁን አሁን ግን ይህ እየቀረ መሰለኝ፡፡ተኮላ ሀጎስ ስለ ዲሞክራሲና ኢኮኖሚ እድገት ግንኙነት ለመለስ ንግግር ብለህ ይህንን ያህል ከምትደክም ይልቅ የመለስን ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ያለ የንግግር አንዱን የቅኔ አንደምታ ከላይ የጠቀስከው በቂ ነበር፡፡ስለዚህም መለስ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ የተናገሩትን ሰምና ወርቅ በሰም ደረጃ ያለውን ውጪያዊ አባባሉን እኔም እንደምስማማበት ከዚህ በፊት ፕሮፌሰር አለማየሁ Ethiopia: The Bedtime Stories of Meles Zenawi ALEMAYEHU G MARIAM በሚለው አምድ ላይ
    “I agree with what Meles said despite the fact that I do not agree with what he has been actually doing for the last 21 Years.” በሚል ለማቅረብ የተቻለኝን ሞክሬ ከተሳታፊዎችም ጋር ሰፊ ውይይትና ክርክር አድርገን ነበር፡፡በእርግጥ አሁንም ከዚህ የመለስ ሰምና ወርቅ ንግግር ውስጥ በሰሙ ደረጃ ባለው እይታ አሁንም በዚህ አመለካከቴ እንደፀናሁኝ ነው፡፡ነገር ግን በዚህ የሰምና ወርቅ ንግግር ላይ ሰሙን ልተወውና ወደ ወርቁ ልሂድ፡፡
    1ኛ) ተኮላ In case of this particular view of Meles Zenawi, I believe that his delamination of democracy from economic development is an unabashed and arrogant justification for his dictatorial rule that he claims to be that of developmental state. እንዳለውና እኔም ከዚህ በፊት በተደጋጋሚ ለመናገር እንደሞከርኩትና ብዙዎችም እንደሚያውቁት የመለስ አላማ ልማታዊ መንግስት ነኝ የሚለውን ጭልጥ ያለ አይናችሁን ጨፍኑ ላሞኛችሁ ስልት በመጠቀም ስልጣንን ማራዘም ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ቅኔው ስልጣን አልቅም ልማታዊ መንግስት ነኝ የሚል በታሪክ ተሰምቶ የማይታወቅ አዲስ መጥ ክንቱ ብልጣብልጥነትና እንዲያም ሲል ሞዛዛነት ነው፡፡መለስ የዲሞክራሲን ማስመሰያ ጭንብል አጥልቀው እስከ ምርጫ 97 ድረስ መዝለቅ ችለው ነበር፡፡ከዚያ በኋላ ግን በውሸት ምርጫ የስልጣንን የህጋዊነት ሽፋን በየ 5 ዓመቱ በተለመደው ማጭበርበር ለመቀጠል ከፍተኛ ፈተና እየሆነ መጣ፡፡ስለዚህም ስልጣንን ህጋዊ ሆኖ ህጋዊነት አለኝ በሚል ሽፋን ለመቀጠል የግድ አዲስ ዘዴ መፍጠር ግድ ሆነ፡፡ይህ አዲስ ዘዴ ደግሞ እኔ ልማታዊ መንግስት ስለሆንኩኝ በስልጣን እስከፈለግሁ ድረስ ለመቀጠል ህጋዊነትና ቅቡልነት(Legitimacy and righteousness) አለኝ የሚል አንደምታ ያለው ነገር መፍጠር ነው፡፡መለስ/ወያኔን ከሌሎች ቀደምት አምባገነን(አምባገነን የሚለውን በመጥፎ ብቻ ሳይሆን በጥሩም ጭምር ነው እኔ የማየው) አገዛዞች ለየት የሚያደርጋቸው አንድ ትልቅ ነገር በህጋዊ ሽፋን ህገ-ወጥ ስራውን በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የሚሰራ አገዛዝ መሆኑ ነው፡፡መለስ በተደጋጋሚ ህግጋትን እየበረዙ እየከለሱ የሚያወጡትና የሚሽሩትና እራሳቸው ስለማያከብሩት ህገ-መንግስት በተደጋጋሚ የሚዘምሩት ሁል ጊዜ ህገ-ወጥ ስራቸውን በህግ ሽፋን ለመፈፀም እንዲያመቻቸው ለማድረግ ነው፡፡ስለዚህመ ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት ያለው የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲም ከዚህ የመነጨ ነው እንጂ ምንም መሰረት የሌለው ባዶ ጩኸት ነው፡፡

    2ኛ)መለስ በተዘዋዋሪ እየነገሩን ያሉት የራሳቸው አለቃ ጭምር በሆነው በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲ የሚባል ነገር እንደሌለ ነው፡፡What we have democracy as an essence is only the dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy. I also agree with this irony.
    And in fact for the first 15 years of Meles/TPLF rule, till the decisive event of 1997 national lection, the system tried its best to create this sort of dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy. Then after 1997 the system has started to expose its inherent true nature and then after it has been bared from time to time. The same dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy has been perpetuated in the WEST till the recent events of OCCUPY MOVEMENTS. So the other irony behind the rhetoric of Meles is that in today’s world of Global Capitalism what we have is dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy. May be those who want to ridicule him on his recent assertion regarding this relationship between democracy and economic development are those who do not want to seriously scrutinize and face the truth behind the system of global capitalism and its relationship with Democracy.

    So Meles can go any distance further to convince us his assertion about democracy and economic development is true and hence in this regard I do not want to ridicule him and then quarrel with truth and reality. What is better for us to focus is that he can not further convince us any more to stay in power under any pretext or theoretical arguments that do not hold water related to the realities on the ground in Ethiopian context.መለስ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ምንነትና ትርጉም ያን ያህል አያውቁም ብሎ ወይንም የተናገሩትንም ነገር አጣሞ በመረዳት በከንቱ ማጣጣልም ብዙ እርቀት የሚያስኬድ አይደለም፡፡እኛ አስተዋይ ብልህና ልባም መሆን ያለብን መለስ ስለዲሞክራሲም ሆነ ስለሌላ ነገር እኛን ለማደናገር ጭምር የሚናገሩትን ነገር ብዙም ቦታ አለመስጠትና በተግባር የሚሰሩትን አትኩሮት መስጠትና በዚያ ላይ መነጋገር ወይንም ተግባራዊ እርምጃ መውሰድ ነው፡፡ነፃ-ገበያ ተብሎና በኢኮኖሚክስ በቲዎሪ ደረጃ(Demand Supply Determines Price) እየተባለ በትምህርትቤቶችና በዩኒቨርስቲዎች ውስጥ ተረት-ተረት ሲወራልንና እኛም ስንሰማው የነበረው ለፈተና ከማጥናት ያለፈ እንዳልሆነ ዛሬ እያየነው አይደል እንዴ፡፡ስለዚህም መለስ ዜናዊ ስለ ዲሞክራሲና ልማት ተያያዥነት በየትኛውም አቅጣጫ ባለ በወሬ ደረጃ በቂ እውቀት አይኖራቸውም ማለት እራስን ማሞኘት ነው፡፡የሰውየውን ደካማ ጎን ብቻ ሳይሆን ጠንካራ ጎንም ማወቅና ማድነቅ አስከፊ ስርዓታቸውን እንዴት መዋጋትና ማስወገድ እንዳለብን በጥንቃቄ እንድንራመድ ለእኛው ለራሳችን የሚጠቅመን ነገር ነው፡፡ሌላው ይህ አይነት እየሰጡት ያለው አስተያየት ሌላው ቅኔ በስልጣን ላይ ወደፊት ለመቆየት ብቻ ሳይሆን እስካሁን በስልጣን ቆይታቸው ለሰሩት አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ ዝርፊያ ወንጀል ጥፋትና ውድመት ሁሉ ሸፋፍኖ ከተጠያቂነትና ከሃላፊነት እንደ መውጫ ቀዳዳ ለመጠቀም ጭምርም የታቀደ ስልት ይመስላል፡፡ማለትም የእኔ ያለፉት 21 ዓመታት አገዛዝ ከልማታዊ-መንግስትነት የመነጨ አምባገነናዊ ስርዓት ነው የሚል ማምለጫ ቀዳዳ ለመፍጠር የታሰበ ነው፡፡ማለትም ብዙዎቻችን መለስ አምባገነን ነው ዲሞክራሲን አላሰፈነም በሚል ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ ምሁራዊ አካሄድ እየተከተልን ስለወነጀልናቸው መለስ ደግሞ እኔ በዚህ አይነት ውንጀላ ከቶውንም አላፍርም አዎ አምባገነን ነኝ ዲሞክራሲንም አላሰፈንኩኝም ይህንንም ያደረግሁት በልማታዊ መንግስትነት ይህችን ሀገር ከድህነት ለማውጣት ካለኝ ራእይ ነው ለማለት ነው፡፡ነገር ግን መለስ ዝም ብለው ተራ አምባገነን ብቻ አይደሉም ከዚህ የተለመደ ተራ አምባገነንነት ጉዳይ በዘለለ የከፋው ጉዳይ መለስ ከቀደሙት ስርዓቶች በተለየ መንገድ ቅጥረኛ ዘረኛ ዘራፊ ከሃዲ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነትና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያውያን የሆነ እጅግ የረቀቀና የተቀነባበረ ድብቅ ተልእኮ ያላቸው ሰው መሆናቸው ነው፡፡ትልቁ ችግር ብዙዎቻችን ዲሞክራሲ በሚለው የቅዠት (dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy) አለም ውስጥ የምንኖር መሆናችንና የዚህን አለም ታሪካዊና ነባራዊ ውስብስብ ነገር ሁሉ በዚህ የዲሞክራሲ መነፅር ብቻ ካላየን ማለታችን ነው፡፡መለስ የዲሞክራሲን ታሪካዊ ዳራ ሲናገሩ በተዘዋዋሪ በዲሞክራሲ ተረት-ተረት የተመሰረተና የቀና ሀገር የለም ለማለት ይመስለኛል፡፡የመጀመሪያው የእንግሊዝ ፓርላማ የተመሰረተው ከዲሞክራሲ ጋር በተያያዘ ቢመስልም ቅሉ ግን ከበስተጀርባ ያለው እውነታ ግን ምንጩ ከባንኪንግ ከጦርነትና ከብድር ጋር በተያያዘ ነው፡፡ነገስታት በጦርነት ለጦርነት ሲሉ ከዘመኑ ሀብታም ቡርዣዎች የተበደሩትን ገንዘብ በአስተማማኝ ሃላፊነት ለመመለስ እንዲችሉ ነገስታት በማንኛውም አጋጣሚ ከስልጣን ቢለቁ ለዚህ ለሀገራዊ ጉዳይ ተብሎ በብድር ለተወሰደ ገንዘብ በቀጣይነት ተጠያቂ የሚሆን ህዝብን የሚወክል የእንደራሴ ፓርላማ መኖር ግድ ሆኖ ነበር፡፡የዘመነኛው ዲሞክራሲ ምንጭም ይህ ታሪካዊ መሰረት ያለው ነበር፡፡ከዚሁ ታሪካዊ የባንኪንግ አመሰራረትና የካፒታሊዝም ማቆጥቆጥ ጋር በተያያዘ ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ የሚለው አሰራርና ፅንሰ ሃሳብ መፍለቅ ጀመረ፡፡ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ የሚለው ከሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ በመቀጠል የመጣ ነገር ነው፡፡በእርግጥ ፖለቲካና ኢኮኖሚ የተለያዩና የማይገናኙ ነገሮች እንደሆኑ ተደርጎ ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ በአንድ አቅጣጫ በሌላ አቅጣጫ ደግሞ ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ እየተባለ የሚወራው ነገር እጅግ ሲበዛ አሳሳች ነገር ነው፡፡ለሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚና ለሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ የተለያየ ዘርፍ(ዲፓርትመንት) በመፍጠር የተለያየ እንደሆነ ቢቀርብም ቅሉ ግን ሁለቱንም ከበላይ ሆኖ ከበስተጀርባ የሚቆጣጠርውና የሚዘውረው ከፍተኛው የቡርዣው ወይንም የካፒታሊስቱ መደብ ኤሊት ነው፡፡ዲሞክራሲና ልማት የተለያዩ ነገሮች እንደሆኑ በመሳል መለስ በአንድ በኩል ይህንን ቅኔ ነው ሊደብቁን እየፈለጉ ያሉት፡፡
    ከዚህ በፊትም በተደጋጋሚ ብያለሁኝ የፖለቲካ ነፃነትና የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት የማይለያዩ የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ያለ እውነተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት እውነተኛ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት አይኖርም፡፡እንደዚሁም ያለ እውነተኛ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት እውነተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት አይኖርም፡፡ይህ እውነታም የሚመነጨው ከሰው ልጅ አፈጣጠርና ባህሪ ጋር በተያየዘ እንደሆነ ይታወቃል፡፡ይህም የሰው ልጅ በአንድ በኩል ቁሳዊ ፍላጎቶች(Material needs) በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ ስነ-ልቦናዊ ስሜታዊና መንፈሳዊ(Psychological, Emotional and Spiritual needs) ፍላጎቶች አሉት፡፡የሰው ልጅ ሙሉ ሰው ሊሆን የሚችለው እነዚህ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶች ሊሟሉለት ሲችሉ ብቻ ነው፡፡በዘመናችን ያለው ፖለቲካውና ኢኮኖሚውም የዚህ ግልባጭ ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ከሰው ልጅ ታሪካዊ አመጣጥ ጋር በተያያዘ (Evolutionary Survival needs) የአስፈላጊ ነገሮች ቅደም ተከተል(Hierarchy of Needs) ስንመለከት ሰው ቅድሚያ ምግብ መጠለያና ሰላማዊ አካባቢ ጤናማ ወሲብ ቤተሰባዊ ፍቅርና በአንድ ከራሱ በላይ በሆነ ሃይል ማምለክ ያስፈልገዋል፡፡የዘመኑ የፕሬስ ነፃነት ዲሞክራሲ ሞባይል ኮምፕዩተር ወዘተ ትርጉምና ፋይዳ የሚኖራቸው እነዚህን መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶች ካሟላን በኋላ ወይንም እነዚህን መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶች እንድናሟላ የሚረዱን ከሆኑ ብቻ ነው፡፡በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እጅግ ፈታኝ የሆነው እንቆቅልሽም(Paradox) የእነዚህ የሰው ልጅ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶች ቅደም ተከተል መዘበራርቀና መምታታት ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ዛሬ የዘመኑን ስልጣኔ የሆነ ሞባይል ወይንም ላፕቶፕ የያዘና የሚጠቀም ነገር ግን በቀን 3 ጊዜ ለመብላት የተቸገረ ወይንም በቂ መጠለያ ያጣ ብዙ ኢትዮጵያዊ ወጣትና ጎልማሳ አለ፡፡መለስ ዜናዊ የዘመኑን ቅኔ ያለው ዲሞክራሲ ወይንም ነፃ-ፕሬስ የከለከልኩት ዳቦና በቂ መጠለያ ወይንም ከላይ እንደተገለፀው ያለውን (Evolutionary Survival needs) ለመስጠትና የአስፈላጊ ነገሮች ቅደም ተከተል(Hierarchy of Needs) ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ነው ሊሉን ከሆነ ይህ ከነባራዊው እውነታ ፈፅሞ የራቀ ነው፡፡ምክንያቱም ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ያለው ነባራዊ እውነታ ይህንን ፈፅሞ የሚያገናዝብ አይደለምና ነው፡፡መለስ በቀን 3 ጊዜ እንድትበሉ አደርጋለሁኝ ብለው የባሰ ነገር ሲመጣብን ኢትዮጵያዊ ገበሬ እየተፈናቀለ ለባእዳን መሬት ሲቸበቸብ ሴቶች እህቶቻችን ወደ አረብ አገር ለግርድና በገፍ ሲሰደዱ ወዘተ እዚህ ሀገር ውስጥ (Evolutionary Survival needs) ለማግኘት እጅግ እየከበደ መሆኑን ትልቅ አስረጂ እውነታ ነው፡፡ከዚያ ውጪ የተቀረው ብዙሃኑ ምስኪን ኢትዮጵያዊ ግን ምንጊዜም የሚመኘው ከEvolutionary Survival needs ጋር በተያያዘ ያለውን መሰረታዊ ፍላጎት እንደዘሁም መልካም አስተዳደርንና የኢትዮጵዊነት ታሪካዊ እሴቱን እንጂ ከወደ ምእራቡ አለም እየነፈሰ ስላለው የዘመኑ የዲሞክራሲ ተረት-ተረትና ትርጉም ያን ያህል አጀንዳውና ፍላጎቱ አይደለም፡፡እርሳቸው እንዳሉት ባለ አይነት ያለው የዲሞክራሲ ተረት-ተረት ጥያቄ ግን በአብዛኛው ለስልጣን በሚፍገመገሙና በጥራዝ-ነጠቅ እይታ የሚመሩት የኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ጥያቄና አጀንዳ ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ዛሬ ብዙሃኑ ምስኪን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ መለስ ዲሞክራሲ የተባለውን ነገር ከለከለን ብሎ አያስብም ወይንም አያወራም፡፡ምክንያቱም አንድ ህዝብ ጥንቱንም ያልነበረውንና የማያውቀውን ነገር እንዴት ተከለከልኩኝ ብሎ ያን ያል ክፉኛ ሊያማርር ይችላል፡፡መለስ የአስብ ወደብን ከኢትዮጵያ በሻጥር አስወስደው ሌላ ምፅዋ ወደብ ላላት ከእናት ሀገር ለተገነጠለች ለኤርትራ አሳልፈው ሲሰጡና 80 ሚሊዬን ህዝብ መግቢያ መውጫ አሳጥተው አንገታችንን ሲያንቁን የዚያ ጊዜ በተቃውሞ ኡኡታውን ማቅለጥ ወይንም ነፍጥ ማንሳት የነበረብን ኢትዮጵያዊ ምሁርና ፖለቲከኞች ሁሉ ይህንን አሳፋሪና አሳዛኝ ተግባር የፈፀሙት መለስ ወዲያውኑ ዲሞክራሲ የሚሰጡን መስሎን አብረን ሽር ጉድ ማለታችንና ይህም የጠበቅነው ነገር ሳይሳካልን ቀርቶ ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያዊነትን ኢትዮጵያንና ኢትዮጵያውያንን በተንኮል ትልቅ አጀንዳ አንግበው እያፈራረሱ ያሉትን መለስን ዲሞክራሲን ከለከሉን ስንል ወይንም ስለዲሞክራሲ ምንነት እንደዚህ አሉ ብለን ስንፈላሰፍ እጅግ ይገርመኛል ያሳዝነኛል፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም የሚነሳው እንደዚህ አይነት አጀንዳ በራሱ እየተፈፀመ ካለው አጠቃላይ ሀገር የማዳከምና የማፈራረስ አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ ከስተት ጋር ብዙም የማይገናኝና የማይጣጣም እንደሆነ ይሰማኛል፡፡ዋናው መነሳት ያለበት ነገር መለስ ያሉት ነገር ትክክል ነው ወይንስ አይደለም ብቻ ሳይሆን ከነባራዊው አለም አቀፍና ሀገራዊ እውነታ ጋር ምን ያህል አግባብነት አለው የሚል ጭምር መሆን ነበረበት፡፡ስለዲሞክራሲ ብዙ ነገር እያወራን እንደሆነ ይታወቃል፡፡ነገር ግን ስለየትኛው ዲሞክራሲ እያወራን እንደሆነ ያን ያህል ግልፅ የሆነ አይመስለኝም፡፡
    ዲሞክራሲ ለሚለው ትርጉም “Democracy is a government for the people by the power of the people in direct participation.” የሚለውን የቆየ የግሪክ ጥንታዊ አባባል መሰረት አድርገን ከሆነ በተግባር ይህ አይነት መንግስት ጥንትም ያን ያህል አልነበረም ዛሬም ፈፅሞ የለም ወደፊትም እንደሚመጣ እርግጠኛ ሆኜ ለመናገር ይከብደኛል፡፡ምእራብ ሀገራትና አሜሪካም ጭምር ይህ አይነት አገዛዝ የለም፡፡አይ የለም ይህንን ቀደምት ትርጉም ባዘለ ሳይሆን በአሜሪካና በሌሎችም ምእራብ ሀገራት ያለው አይነት የምናውቀው በየ 4 ዓመት ወይንም በየ 5 ዓመት የሚደረገው የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲን አጀንዳ አድርገን ነው እንደ ዘመናችን ባለው ያለ እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲ እየተወያየን ያለነው የሚል ከሆነ ደግሞ ያ ሌላ ነገር ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ስለዲሞክራሲ ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት ያህል ብዙ ያወራነውን ያህል ጥቂት ጊዜ ወስደን ስለየትኛው ዲሞክራሲ ትክክለኛና እውነተኛ ትርጉም እያወራን እንደሆነ አንድ የተወሰነ ምሁራዊ ክርክርና ግንዛቤ ቢወሰድ ኖሮ እንዴት መልካም በሆነ ነበር፡፡ምናልባት ልሳሳት እችላለሁኝ ብዙዎቻችን ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን ዘወትር እያቀነቀንንና እያወራን ያለነው የዲሞክራሲ አይነት ደግሞ በምእራቡ አለም ያለውን የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲንና ነፃ-ፕሬስን መሰረትና ማእከል ያደረገ ነው፡፡የሀገራችንንና የህዝባችንን ስነ-ልቦናዊ ባህላዊ ማህበራዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ፖለቲካዊ ሃይማኖታዊ ወዘተ ታሪካዊና ነባራዊ እሴቶቻችንን በቅጡ በጥልቀትና በስፋት አጥንተንና መርምረን ግምት ውስጥ ሳናስገባ ዘለን ይህንን የዲሞክራሲ እሴት ከምእራቡ አለም እንደወረደ ተቀብለን እንደወረደ ወደ ሀገራችን ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ላለፉት 40 ዓመታት በተለይም ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት ያህል በከንቱ ስንፍገመገም እንደኖርን የሚታወቅ ነገር ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም መለስ ዲሞክራሲን መሰረት አድርገው ስለልማት ዲሞክራሲ ግንኙነት የተናገሩት ነገር ምናልባትም አሁን በስፋት ባብዛኛው የሚቀነቀነውን የምእራቡን አለም የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲንና ነፃ-ፕሬስን መሰረት አድርገው እንደሆነ ይሰማኛል፡፡ከዚያ ውጪማ “Democracy is a government for the people by the power of the people in direct participation.” የሚለውን የግሪኩን ጥንታዊ መጀመሪያ ትርጉም መሰረት ያደረገውን ዲሞክራሲንማ በዚህ ነባራዊው ተጨባጭ አለም ውስጥ እንደሌለ ጠንቅቀው የሚያውቁት ይመስለኛል፡፡እናም መለስ በተዘዋዋሪ ቅኔ እየነገሩን ያሉት በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም (The power of Money to Rule) በምእራቡ አለም ስላለው የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲና ነፃ-ፕሬስ ከልማት ጋር በተያያዘ ስላለው አንደምታ ብዙም ወሳኝና የሚያስጨንቅ ነገር አይደለም ነው እያሉ ያሉት፡፡ይህ ደግሞ ትክክል ነገር ነው ቅሉ ግን ከነባራዊው የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ጋር ግን ብዙም አግባብነት ያለው ነገር አይደለም እንጂ፡፡እኔ የመለስ/ወያኔን ያለፉት 40 ዓመታት አጠቃላይ እንቅስቃሴ ከዚህ በቅጡ ካልገባን ዘመነኛ የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲ ጋር እያዛመድን ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ ትንታኔና ፍርድ መስጠት ብዙም እርቀት የሚያስኬደን ጉዳይ አይደለም፡፡አንድን ግለሰብ ወይንም ማህበረሰብ ምዘናና ፍርድ ልንሰጠበት የምንችለው በአካባቢው ካለው ታሪካዊና ነባራዊ አጠቃላይ ስነ-ልቦናዊ ባህላዊ ሃይማኖታዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ፖለቲካዊ ወዘተ መስተጋብር ጋር በማቆራኘት በህገ-ልቦናም ሆነ በባህልና በልማድ ካለው ህግና ከዚያም አልፎ ይህንን ግምት ውስጥ አስገብቶ በህግ ከተፃፈው ነገር ተመርኩዘን ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ከመለስ በፊት በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ መልካም አስተዳደር የለም ባይባልም ቅሉ ግን እየተቀነቀነ ያለው አይነት የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲያዊ ስርዓት አልነበረም፡፡ስለዚህም መለስ/ወያኔን እራሳቸው ከወጡበት ማህበረሰብና ሀገር በተለየ ባለ ልማድ ደንብና ህግ ልንመዝናቸውና ልንፈርድባቸው ከቶውንም ያን ያህል መጣርና መቸኮል የለብንም፡፡ከዚህ በፊትም እንዳልኩት እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን የ3 ሺህ ዘመን ታሪክ አለን እያልን በተቃራኒው ግን እራሳችንን ለማየት ለመመዘንና ለመፍረድ የምንፈልገው ግን በማናውቀውና ብዙም ባልገባን በባእድ መጤ የሆነ ዘይቤና ቋንቋ መሆኑ እጅግ የሚገርምና የሚያሳዝን ነው፡፡ስለዚህም መለስ/ወያኔን በማናውቀውና ብዙም በቅጡ ባልገባን ዲሞክራሲ በሚባል ባእዳዊ መጤ የሆነ ዘይቤና ቋንቋ በራሳችን የቆየ የኢትዮጵያዊነት እሴቶቻችንና የመልካም አስተዳር መመዘኛዎቻችን መመርመር መመዘንና መፍረድ ግድ ይለን ነበር፡፡
    ደርግ አፄ-ሃይለስላሴ አፄ-ምኒልክ አፄ-ዮሀንስ አፄ-ቴዎድሮስ ወዘተ ሁሉም አምባገነን አገዛዞች እንደሆኑ ይታወቃል፡፡ነገር ግን ከመልካም አስተዳደርና ከኢትዮጵያዊነት እሴቶቻችን ጋር በተያያዘ የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብና ኢትዮጵያን እንዴት አድርገው አስተዳደሩን የሚለውን በቅጡ መመርመር ተገቢ ነበር፡፡ይህንን ውስጣዊ የታሪክ መነፅርና የጊዜ ኡደትን ተከትለንና የውጪውን አለም እድገት ስልጣኔና አካሄድም እንደዚሁ በተወሰነ ግምት ውስጥ አስገብተን ነው የመለስ/ወያኔን አገዛዝ ማየት መመርመር መመዘንና መፍረድ የሚገባን፡፡ደርግ ሃይለስላሴ ወዘተ ቢያንስ አሁን የሚታየውን አይነት አይን ያወጣ የህግና የፍርድ ቤቶች አሳዛኝና አሳፈሪ የመንግስት ጣልቃ ገብነት ቅሌት ሲያልፍም አይነካካቸውም፡፡መለስ/ወያኔ ሊያጠቁት የሚፈልጉትን ዜጋ ይህንን በአደባባይ እንደዚህ ካላልክ እገልሃለሁኝ ልጅህን ቤተሰብህን እንደዚህ አደርጋለሁኝ የሚል ከኢትዮጵያዊነት ስነ-ምግባር የወጣ አካሄድ ታይቶም ተሰምቶም አይታወቅም፡፡የመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ በሞራል የወደቀ(Moral Degradation) ኢትዮጵያዊ ስነ-ምግባር የጎደለው አስነዋሪ ስርዓት ነው፡፡የእኔን ፖለቲካ ካላመናችሁ ዳቦ ስንዴ ስኳር የእርዳታ እህል ወዘተ አልሰጥም የሚል አገዛዝ በታሪክ የመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ ብቻ ነው፡፡ይህንን ነውረኛ ስርዓት በዲሞክራሲ ሚዛን ለመመዘን መሞከር በራሱ የእኛ ተምረናል የምንል ሰዎች ምሁራዊ ደደብነት(Intellectual Ignorance) ይመስለኛል፡፡ዘውዳዊ አምባገነን የሚባሉት አፄ ሃይለስላሴ ተማሪዎችን በሽተኞችን ወዘተ የቤተሰብ ያህል እየቀረቡ ይጎበኙ ያፅናኑ ያበረታቱ ነበር፡፡ለእኔ ከቤተሰባዊ ስሜትና ከኢትዮጵያዊነት እሴት የመነጨ መልካም አስተዳደር ማለት ይህ ነው፡፡ለዘመናት እስልምናና ክርስትና የተሰበከባት ታሪካዊ ሀገር ስለሰብዓዊነት ከምእራቡ አለም በቀጥታ እየገለበጠች መማርና መተግበር የሚገባት ከምን በመነጨ ነው፡፡ግብረ-ሰዶማውያንን በቅጡ መብታቸውን ጠብቃችሁ ካላስተናገዳችሁ እርዳታ አንሰጥም እየተባልን አይደለም እንዴ?እንግዲህ ዲሞክራሲ ማለት ይህ ነው ማለት አይደል?ከዚህ በፊትም እንዳልኩት ምእራባውያን በኔቶ አማካኝነት ጋዳፊን ከስልጣን ለማስወገድ የተጠቀሙበት አካሄድ ዋና መነሻ መርህ ‘Humanitarian mission’ የሚል Double-standard and Hypocrisy ያዘለና ‘No-Fly-zone’ የሚል Euphemism ያለበት ያፈፃፀም ታክቲክ የተከተለ ነበር፡፡ከዚያም ጋዳፊ አጠፉ ተብለው ለተወነጀሉበት ተግባር በቅጡ ለፍርድ እንኳን ቀርበው እውነታው ለአለም ሀዝብ በግልፅ ሳይታወቅ የ‘Humanitarian mission’ ተልእኮውጋዳፊን ኢ-ሰብዓዊነት በጎደለው መንገድ ማስወገድ ሆነና በዚህ አሳፋሪና አሳዛኝ ተግባር ተደመደመ፡፡ታዲያ እንግዲህ የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲና ሰብዓዊ መብት እሴት ቅኔው ይህ ነው ማለት ነው?እባካችሁን በቅጡ ባልገባንና ባልተረዳነው የምእራቡ አለም እሴትና ቋንቋ አጉል አንጯጯህ አንደነቋቆር፡፡ስለዚህም እራሳችንን በራሳችን ኢትዮጵያዊነት ማንነትና እሴት እንመርምር እንመዝን እንፍረድ እናሳድግ፡፡እንደዚሁም የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲም ሆነ ነፃ-ፕሬስ በራሱ እንደ መጨረሻ ግብ የሚታይ እሴት(Intrinsic Virtues and Values) አይደለም፡፡ይህ እንዳለ ሆኖ ነገር ግን መለስ ሆይ ከዚህ በኋላ ስለዲሞክራሲና ስለልማት ቲዎሪ እየደረደርክ በራስህ የቅዠት አለም ውስጥ ማምታታትህን አቁም፡፡ዳቦ በቅጡ ላልሰጠኸው ለምትንቀው ለምታዋርደው ለምትከዳው ለምትዘርፈው ለምታሰድደው ወዘተ አይነት ህዝብና ዜጋ ስለ ዲሞክራሲና ልማት ግንኙነት ቲዎሪ መዘባረቅ ትክክል ቢሆንም ቅሉ ግን ለነባራዊው ሁኔታ አግባብነት ያለው አይደለም፡፡21 ዓመት በዚህ አሳፋሪና አሳዛኝ መንገድ ከገዛኸን በኋላ እኔ ልማታዊ መንግስት ስለሆንኩኝ ሌላ ተጨማሪ የግፍና የመከራ ዓመታትን ልጨምርባችሁ ማለት አይናውጣነት ነው፡፡እኛ አንተን የምናውቅህ በዘራፊነትህ እንጂ በልማታዊ መንግስትነት አይደለም፡፡አዎ ብዙሃኑን እየዘረፍክ ጥቂቶች አንተና መሰል ወያኔዎችና የውጪ ባእዳን የንግድ ሸሪኮችህ በእርግጥ እየለማችሁ ነው፡፡እኛ ይህንን መቼ ካድን፡፡አዎ የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ ጎሮሮ እያነቅህ የኢትዮጵያን ንፁህና ጣፋኝ ኦርጋኒክ የሆነ የግብርና ወጤት በገፍ ኤክስፖርት እያደረግህ ነው፡፡በምትኩ ደግሞ ቆሻሻና ጊዜው ያለፈበት(Junk food) ሀገር ውስጥ እያስገባህ ነው፡፡ህዝብ በዚህ ቆሻሻና ጊዜው ያለፈበት(Junk food) የተነሳ በህመም ሲሰቃይ ደግሞ እንደዚሁ ቆሻሻና ጊዜው ያለፈበት(Junk Medicine) እያስገባህ በዚህም ጭምር ትንግዳለህ፡፡አየህ ህዝብህን አንዴት የዘመኑ የረቀቀና የተቀነባበረ የውንብድና ቢዝነስ መስሪያነት እንዳደረግኸው?እንደዚሁም ልማታዊ መንግስት ነኝ እያልክ በተቃራኒው ግን በደርግ ዘመንና ከዚያም በፊት የነበሩትን የህዝብና የመንግስት የልማት ድርጅቶችን በርካሽ ዋጋ እየቸበቸብክ በተዘዋዋሪም ኢፈርት በተባለው ድርጅትህ አመካኝነት መልሰህ እየገዛህ ነው፡፡So Ethiopia is such a perfect asylum for making your dirty business for maximum profiteering. So in doing so you are transforming the majority mass in to abject poverty and at the expense of this abject poverty and misery then the you Meles, your wife Azeb, your TPLFites and their associated business affiliates and their related food-chain are transforming in to the super rich affluent new emerging capitalist class that is coherent with global capitalism. Yes this is such an unprecedented social re-engineering or Social structural adjustment that makes sense for rather than your theoretical misleading oratory about democracy. I do not understand why we even take it that much seriously as such and make it a point of that much attention.ስለዚህም መለስ እኔ ልማታዊ አምባገነናዊ መንግስት ነኝና ዲሞክራሲን ልሰጣችሁ አልችልም እንደዚሁም ስልጣን አለቅም ሲል እኛ ማለት ያለብን ደግሞ መለስ እባክህን ዲሞክራሲን ስጠን ወይንም ዲሞክራሲን አልሰጠኸንም ሳይሆን የለም አንተ ልማታዊ አምባገነናዊ መንግስትም አይደለህም ያንተ አምባገነንነትም የተለመደው አይነት አይደለም በተቃራኒው ግን ስር የሰደደ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያውያን አመለካከት የጥፋት ተልእኮና ተግባር ያለህ ዘረኛ ዘራፊ ከሃዲ ቅጥረኛ አገዛዝ ነህና ስልጣንህን ባስቸኳይ ልቀቅና ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት ለፈፀምከው ወንጀል ከነግብር አበሮችህ ለፍርድ ቅረብ ነው ማለት ያለብን፡፡ስለዚህም ያልበላን ቦታ ላይ ማከኩ ወይንም ትርጉምና ፋይዳ በማይሰጠው ነገር ላይ መፈላሰፉ ምንም ፋይዳ ያለው ነገር አይደለም፡፡እንደዚሁም ያለፉት 21 ዓመታትና በቀጣይ ያለው የመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ ዘመንም ዝምብሎ የተራ አምባገነንነትና የዲሞክራሲ እጦት ችግር ሳይሆን ከዚህ በዘለለ እጅግ የተወሳሰበና አደገኛ የሆነ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያውያን አመለካከትና የጥፋት ተልእኮና ተግባር ያለው ዘረኛ ዘራፊ ከሃዲ ቅጥረኛ አገዛዝ ክስተት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም አንዳንድ የሚነሱ ነገሮች ትክክል ቢሆኑም ቅሉ ግን ላለው ነባራዊ እውነታ አግባብነት ያላቸው ላይሆኑ ይችላሉ ብቻ ሳይሆን አንዳንዶቹም እጅግ አሳሳችና አቅጣጫ አስቀያሪ ናቸው ባይ ነኝ፡፡ለምሳሌ በቅርቡ በዚሁ የአቡጊዳ እንግሊዘኛ አምድ ላይ አምነስቲ ኢንተርናሽናል ኢትዮጵያና ሩዋንዳ ለእድገትና ልማት ሲሉ በዚህ ላይ ብቻ በማተኮር የተነሳ ሰብዓዊ መብትንና ዲሞክራሲን እንዳይነፍጉ ያሳስባል፡፡ቅኔው ግን ላለፉት 20 እና 30 ዓመታት የዘመናችን የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲ በ3ኛው ዓለም እየተቀነቀነ ባለበት አሳሳች ዘመን ውስጥ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ሊበራል ዲሞክራሲን በዋናነት እንደ ሽፋን በመጠቀም አዲሱን ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲ SAP(Structural Adjustment Program) በ3ኛው ዓለም ተግባራዊ እያደረገ ባለበት ዘመን ውስጥ 3ኛው ታዳጊ ሀገራት እውነተኛ ልማትንም ሆነ ዲሞክራሲን ፈፅሞ አለማግኘታቸው ነው፡፡ስለዚህም በ3ኛው አለማት ያለውን የጦርነት የበሽታ የድህነት የስደት ሙስና ወዘተ ማህበራዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ፖለቲካዊ ምስቅልቅልና ችግር በስልጣን ላይ ያሉት አገዛዞች ዲሞክራሲያዊነት ወይንም አምባገነንንት ጉዳይ ላይ ብቻ እንጂ ከግሎባል ካፒታለዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲ SAP(Structural Adjustment Program) ጋር እንደማይገናኝ ለማስረገጥ የታቀደ ስልት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም የመለስም የልማታዊ መንግስትነት ነጠላ ዘፈን በተመሳሳይ ግልባጭ በአለም አቀፍ ደረጃ በ3ኛም ዓለም ሀገራት ውስጥ መልኩን ቀይሮ እየተሰበከ ነው፡፡በአደባባይ እየተነገረ ያለው ቅኔው ደግሞ ግሎባል ካፒታለዝም ለ3ኛው ታዳጊው አለም ዲሞክራሲን ማምጣት ያልቻለው በአገዛዞቹ ግትርነት ኋላ ቀርነትና አምባገነንነት ቢሆንም ቅሉ ግን ልማትንና እድገትን ግን ለመላው የ3ኛው ዓለም ህዝብ አምጥቷል፡፡
    በአሁኑ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ዘመን ላለፉት 20 እና 30 ዓመታት ውስጥ ያሉት አምባገነን የሚባሉት የ3ኛው አለም ታዳጊ ሀገራት መሪዎች የገዛ እራሳቸውን ህዝብ ለምን ዲሞክራሲን እንደሚነፍጉትና እንደሚጨቁኑት ሰብዓዊ መብቱንም ለምን እንደሚገፉት ውስጣዊ ቅኔው ለምንድን ነው ብለን መጠየቅ ተገቢ ነው፡፡እውን ልማታዊ መንግስት ስለሆኑ ነውን?ፈፅሞ አይደለም፡፡ይልቁንም ኢኮኖሚያዊ ነፃነቱን ለመንፈግና ለመግፈፍ አስቀድሞ የግድ ፖለቲካዊ ነፃነቱን መግፈፍ አስፈላጊ ስለሆነ ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነትና የፖለቲካ ነፃነት የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው የምለው፡፡በእርግጥ ለሀገራቸውና ለህዝባቸው ብሄራዊ ደህንነት ህልውናና ጥቅም ቀናኢ የሆኑ ናሽናሊስት መሪዎችና አገዛዞች በሊበራል ዲሞክራሲ ሽፋን ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የሀገራቸውን ወሳኝ የተፈጥሮ ሀብትና የኢኮኖሚ አውታሮች ያለገደብ እንደፈለገ እየፈነጨበት እንዳይቆጣጠርና እንዳይመዘብር ሲሉ አምባገነን የሚሆኑበት አካሄድ በብዛት አለ፡፡ከቀዝቃዛው ጦርነት ማክተም በኋላ የቀድሞ ሶቭየት ህብረት መፈራረስን ተከትሎና ምእራብ ዘመም የሆኑት እንደነ የልሲን አይነት ሩሲያ ውስጥ ሰልጣን ላይ ከወጡ በኋላ የሩሲያ የኢኮኖሚና የፖለቲካ አወቃቀር ብሄራዊ ህልውናን በሚፈታተን መንገድ አደጋ ላይ ወድቆ ነበር፡፡ይህንን ተከትሎ በሩሲያ ፖለቲካ ውስጥ ወሳኝ ታሪካዊ ሚናን እየተጫወቱ ያሉት ፑቲን ግን ታላቋን ራሽያን መመለስ የሚል ቆራጥ ብሄራዊ ስሜትን ያነገቡ አዲስ መጥ አምባገነን ናቸው፡፡በእርግጥ ይህ የፑቲን አካሄድ ለራሳቸው በውጪም ሆነ በሀገር ውስጥ ከባድ ፈተናን እየደቀነባቸው እንደሆነ ሳይረሳ ማለት ነው፡፡በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ከቢሊዮን በላይ ህዝብ ያላት የቻይናም ኮሚኒስት መንግስት እኛ እንደወረደ የምናቀነቅነውን ሊበራል ዲሞክራሲን በሚያስተዳድረው ከአንድ ቢሊዮን የሚበልጥ ህዝብ መካከል እንደወረደ ተግባራዊ ያላደረገው በማኦ መሰረት ላይ በተጣለ የራሱ እጅግ ወሳኝና አሳማኝ የሆነ የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍና ይዞ ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው በተደጋጋሚ የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍናችን እጅግ ጠባብ እይታ ባለው በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ላይ ብቻ የሚያቀነቅንና ያተኮረ ከሆነ ሀገርንና ህዝብ በቅጡ ማስቀጠልና ማስተዳደር ይከብዳል የምለው፡፡ከአንድ ቢሊዮን የሚበልጥ ህዝብ ባለበት ሀገር ውስጥ ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲን እንደወረደ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ መሞከር በአንድ ሀገር ውስጥ ምን አይነት ውጥንቅጥ እንደሚፈጥር ለመረዳት ብዙም አይከብድም፡፡በነገራችን ላይ ቻይናና ህዝቦቿ የራሳቸው ከ3ሺ ዓመት በላይ የሆነ የስልጣኔ ታሪክና ማንነት ያላቸው ናቸው፡፡ስለዚህም እኛ እንደምናስበው የምእራቡን አለም ስልጣኔ እንደወረደ የሚቀበሉ ሊሆኑ አይችሉም፡፡ስለዚህም እራሳቸውን እየገነቡና እያሳደጉ ያሉት በራሳቸው የማንነት መሰረት ላይ መሆኑን መረዳት አለብን፡፡ቻይናዎች አሁን ላሉበት እድገት ደግሞ የኮሚኒስቱ የማኦ የመሰረት ድንጋይ ወሳኝነት አለው፡፡ይህንን እውነታ ደግሞ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ዋና አራማጅ አቀንቃኝና ጠበቃ የሆነው ጆን ዲ ሮክ ፌለር ጭምር እራሱ አንድ ወቅት ያመነው ነገር ነው፡፡ስለዚህም እውነተኛ ስልጣኔን ልማትን ዲሞክራሲን በትክክል በዘላቂነት ለመገንባት የሚቻለው በራስ እውነተኛ ማንነትና እሴቶች ላይ ብቻ በመመርኮዝ ነው፡፡ነገር ግን እንደምናውቀው አብዛኞቹ የ3ኛው ዓለም ታዳጊ ሀገራት መሪዎች ከግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ጋር ባላቸው የረቀቀና የተቀነባበረ ትስስር በሙስና የተዘፈቁ ናቸው፡፡እንዲያውም መለስ ስለዲሞክራሲና ልማት በተናገሩበት ፎረም ላይ ለ3ኛው አለም ታዳጊ ሀገራት የሙስና መንስኤ የውጪ ኢንቨስተሮች ናቸው ብለው ነው ሌብነት በቀለለ አማርኛ ሙስና እንደሚባለው በለሆሳስ(Euphemism)የተናገሩት፡፡ነገር ግን አለም አቀፍ ኢንቨስተሮች እራሳቸው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም መገለጫዎች የሆኑ የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው፡፡ስለዚህም ስለ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እውነተኛ ምንነት በቅጡ ሳንመረምር ስለ ዲሞክራሲና ልማት መናገር አንችልም፡፡

    እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲ በሂደት እውነተኛ ልማትን ያመጣን እንደዚሁም እውነተኛ ልማት በሂደት እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲን ያመጣል፡፡ችግሩ ግን በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እውነተኛ ልማትና እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲ አብረው አይሄዱም ብቻ ሳይሆን የህዝብን ፍላጎትና ጥቅም ህልውና ማእከል ባደረገ እይታ ከሄድን ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምና እውነተኛ ዲሞክራሲና እውነተኛ ልማት አብረው አይሄዱም፡፡እኔ እንደተረዳሁት ከሆነ ዋናው ችግር እያራመድነው ያለውን አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት(ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም) ባህሪ በቅጡ ለመመርመር አልፈለግንም አልቻልንም፡፡We are just wallowing here and there about democracy or economic development in this an already setup paradigm, that is Global Capitalism. So we need awakening enlightenment and paradigm shift when we talk about democracy or economic development. Yes I understand that whenever we talk about the essence of democracy well it is well known that it has evolved in to becoming with reference to an already setup paradigm by Global capitalism. And so for 3rd world nations this paradigm setup has not been working for so many years and shall never work also in the near future as long as we are not able to make proper social awakening enlightenment and paradigm shift at a grass-root level. We 3rd world nations are in very need of Good-Governance rather than that of bogus fashionable democracy. Eventually I want to assert that I am afraid that we are living the dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy. If peoples are demanding or are anxious for things that are not coherent with existing realities and for things that we can not provide them, then it is most likely we become so crafty in order to devise a means to give them some sort of illusionary fantasy to meet their demand or desires. Is that not even the way we men try to satisfy the demand of our beloved modern materialistic women? For the last 21 years Meles tried his best to meet the ‘demand’ of ‘Ethiopians’ for democracy by advancing the provision of the dream of democracy through its illusion and fantasy. Eventually this pretence failed to proceed and hence have got naked after the vent of May 1997 national election. Who demanded and expected democracy? Who demanded and expected Good-Governance?Very vital question to ask and answer. And in my view the very few naive and gullible elitist intellectuals and politicians demanded and expected democracy while the rest majority mass expected Good-Governance. However Meles/TPLF has happened to come to power in order to provide us neither Good-Governance nor democracy. And with regard to the dream of democracy provided through its illusion and fantasy mainly aimed to lull those very few naive and gullible elitist intellectuals it only worked for some time till some terminal station for some till May 1997 National Election and for others may be till last national election. Then the issue of democracy provided as dream of democracy through its illusion and fantasy, was sealed After Meles claimed as Revolutionary Democrat and Developmental State. So the crafty Meles now shifted his gears of strategy from those Few at those naive and gullible elitist intellectuals and politicians very ambitious about democracy to those poor and innocent majority mass Ethiopians who aspire and need for bread and good-Governance. And this new Strategy is to create the dream of Developmental-State provided through its illusion and fantasy mainly aimed to lull the poor and innocent majority mass . But the tragedy and comedy is that, in both cases for Democracy and also for development, what Meles has been actually providing us has become only its mere illusion and fantasy. For creating the fantasy and illusion of Development he is building some tall buildings and some infrastructures by loan donation and plundering and impoverishing the nation and the majority mass in a way that is aimed to eventually benefit the very few rent-seeking TPLFites and their business affiliates to make profiteering business out of the misery and impoverishment of the majority mass.
    So the claim of being Developmental State by Meles is same as the claim of being a Democrat during its initial stages of its governance just after it had managed to cling to power by toppling Derg. So we better accept and appreciate the crafty nature of Meles. He is just so smart in changing his face like a chameleon for the sake of pretence in order to mislead others who are so naïve and gullible. And now ,for me, the claim of Developmental-State by Meles is Meles’s new bedtime story perpetually fabricated, manufactured and delivered to the Ethiopian poor and innocent majority mass.ይህም ውሸት ሲደጋገም እውነት ይመስላል የሚለውን ብሂል ተከትሎ ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው “Ethiopia: The Bedtime Stories of Meles Zenawi :ALEMAYEHU G MARIAM” የሚል አርእስት ባለው ፅሁፍ ላይ
    “I agree with what Meles said despite the fact that I do not agree with what he has been actually doing for the last 21 Years.” ያልኩት፡፡ከወሬ ይልቅ ተግባር እራሱ ይናገራል የሚባለውስ ለዚህ አይደለምን፡፡ስለዚህም መለስ የሚያወሩትን ሳይሆን በተግባር የሚሰሩትን ነው ማየት ያለብን፡፡
    በስተመጨረሻም መለስ ዜናዊ ሆይ ትናንት ዲሞክራሲ ብለው አብዛኛውን ታሪክን በቅጡ ያላወቀውንና ልብ ያልገዛውን ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ ኢትዮጵያዊ ምሁሩንና ፖለቲከኛውን ለማሳሳት ችለው ነበር ዛሬ ደግም ይህ ሲነቃብዎትና ሳያዋጣዎት ሲቀር ግልብጥ ብለው እንደ እስስት መልክዎትን ቀይረው ዛሬ ደግሞ ምስኪኑንና ድሃውን ዳቦ የራቀውን የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ እውነተኛ ዳቦና ልማት የምሰጥህ ልማታዊ መንግስትህ እኔ ነኝ ብለው ማደናገርዎትን አቁሙና ስልጣንዎትን ለቀው ለሰሩት ወንጀል ከወያኔና መሰል ግብርአበርዎት ጋር ለፍርድ ይቅረቡ፡፡ደግሞም ከ21 ዓመታት አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ የግፍ አገዛዝዎት በኋላ ዳቦ በቅጡ ላልሰጡት እየተራበና እየተቸገረ ላለ ዜጋ ህዝብና ሀገር ስለዲሞክራሲ ምንነት መፈላሰፍ ብዙም ስሜት አይሰጥም፡፡

    እግዚአብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ ይጠበቅ!!!

  7. Dawi
    | #7

    We have to be clear that Meles is not saying things from “Ivory tower” theoretical perspective. As Dr. Aregawi said in the past about him, he only reads books to synthesize certain things and picks & chooses the stuff he likes/thinks are useful out of them. In other words, he uses books as a “tool kit” like a mechanic to apply in places where he needs them valuable in real world.

    That is why he can simply say something like “political freedom is desirable but is not a concept of development” and the audience listens!

    As in World Economic Forum, some like Sir Bob G went on even to repeat Meles’s phrases like a parrot verbatim on BBC the other day. He influences people particularly westerners. It has to be same among his followers as well otherwise he wouldn’t be where he is today.

    What he says aren’t new findings as such, several studies with statistics that show his phrases are accurate are out there; so all he does/did was put it in layman’s term/simple language and catches/caught every-ones attention.

    The fact is history shows “Freedom” potentially undermines developments in terms of health, food, security and income by giving false hopes during so called democratic decision makings. It is true particularly when the level of development is extremely low. When people are incapable of managing political liberties in a beneficial way. We have seen evidence in USSR, Yugoslavia and other places where is was abused to the max.

    What we know for sure is that economic and social development leads to democratic demands from the citizens. This is so because when people have their basic needs met they may start valuing the increase of political freedoms over further increases in development.

    The fastest way to Liberal Democracy is fast development.

  8. Belehennet
    | #8

    Prof. Tecola,

    Kudos! to you for an excellent analysis. I hope that professional economists such as Dr. Aklog Birara will also comment.

    One small additional item to your concluding advice. I suggest that Ethiopians should stop supporting the enemy of their enemy as the latter could be a worse enemy. Woyane was supported against the Dergue which was a devastating enemy of the Ethiopian people. However, Woyane turned out to be worse than the Dergue murderers!!!

  9. ጉረኞች
    | #9

    You are taking Meles’ self serving argument even further down to the drain rather than supporting it. What he is actually saying — development and democracy are two separate things that could stand by their own, one should not interfere with the other. You are arguing to the contrary. You are arguing that economic development is necessary to have a democratic system, in other words, you are telling us that Ethiopians have to sacrifice our democratic right for economic development. To the midget dictators defense, you are putting words into his mouth, he didn’t say what you are saying. What is the problem, are all cadres drink from the same river? He is just wasting money on you guys, unfortunately.

  10. ጉረኞች
    | #10

    Those intellectuals you despise so much may have tasted how sweet democracy is in the west. You, however, have not tasted it yet. Is it wrong if I understood you that way?

  11. Dawi
    | #11


    [[..Ethiopians have to sacrifice our democratic right for economic development…]]

    Exactly! That would be smart but, for some of us who are impatient there should a space in the system to vent our views in my opinion.

    Until opposition get themselves together and arrive to the point of seeing each other eye to eye and put an alternative developmental scheme, they should leave Meles’s Dictatorship alone.

  12. tummamit
    | #12

    Zinawi is a huge cost on the country and the people that he loots and murder;therefore,must be gotten rid of as soon as possible.This man has decades of criminal records for which he is currently the most wanted criminal on the list.This mafia and his prtners in crime set-up two economic sytem;one for themelves and another one for Ethiopians leading the country and the people to the inevitable bankruptcy.Today,everything and anything that is available below and above the earth,in Ethiopia is woned,controlled,and run by Zinawi,Zinawi’s families,and subrodinates and associates in the oppressive and supressive regime.

  13. Alemseged Negasi
    | #13


    Shall I say the mouth piece of Legese or his alter ego? Among other things you said,

    “He (Legese) only reads books to synthesize certain things and picks & chooses the stuff he likes/thinks is useful out of them. In other words, he uses books as a “tool kit” like a mechanic to apply in places where he needs them valuable in real world.

    That is why he can simply say something like “political freedom is desirable but is not a concept of development” and the audience listens!”

    You always without failing defend your master.However; many sane Ethiopians don’t buy your suggestion that Legese is a synthesizer. In the first place he lacks the needed intellectual rigor and acumen that is required in any academic field to master the subject matter before one is able to synthesize it. Your role in this respect is just to repeat TPLF”s guiding principles: the spread of confusion, lie and deceit.

    As for me and, for that matter many sane people, I freedom is not even desirable but a necessity. In fact, freedom is a gift that is bestowed upon the creature by his maker.Infact, the word freedom is first referred from the beginning and the early stage of our race in the book of Genesis it is written,
    ” And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat”.Gen 2:16.

    Beside notable political philosophers and political thinkers of the past conservatives and liberals both sides agree that some portion of human existence must remain independent of social control.

    For instance, Isaiah Berlin
    In his work entitled “Two concept of Liberty” made the following relevant statement.
    “The most eloquent of all defenders of freedom and privacy, Benjamin Constant,
    Who had not forgotten the Jacobin dictatorship, declared that at the very least
    The liberty of religion, opinion, expression, property, must be guaranteed.”
    But what does it make any difference to converse with TPLF cult members who believe freedom must be permitted only for TPLF riffraff? You may lecture us about Melese’s intellectual prows but we the people know very well who TPLFits are-perpetrators of fraud! You guys invented Fraud history! You do speak of fraud economic development! But we the people can see beyond the veil and that the TPLF occupiers are kefafay bandas .You guys must do everything to stay in power and suck the wealth of Ethiopia but such enterprise comes at greater price. How often how long will lie take front stage In TPLF Ethiopia, and the truth is buried in the rubble

  14. ጉረኞች
    | #14

    Dawi said
    “… for some of us who are impatient there should a space in the system to vent our views in my opinion.” If that is what you really believe in, you should advocate for those rights to be respected not to restrict them by the midget dictator. Your write-ups are crying more for the dictator than for respecting, what you called, venting space which is essential for the formation of organized opposition. You do not need to wait for an organized opposition in order to demand the dictator to respect human rights. Think of those innocent citizens suffering under the leadership of the dictators in every aspect of their life.

  15. Dawi
    | #15

    Alemseged said:

    [[...As for me.... freedom is a gift that is bestowed upon the creature by his maker.Infact, the word freedom is first referred from the beginning and the early stage of our race in the book of Genesis it is written,..” And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat”.Gen 2:16. .]]

    Common man seriously, such stuff is used by oppressors to make people feel better about the distress they experience due to being poor and exploited. I didn’t know anybody takes such thoughts seriously anymore, I guess I was wrong. No wonder you don’t understand “developmental economics” as advocated by Meles in Ethiopia.

    Forget about “god” that is between you & him/her but, leaders from across Africa and Asia and other developing countries are admiring and emulating “the China Model”. Meles just happens to be on top of the subject matter in the African context.

    Let me tell you something, it has two components. The first is to copy successful elements of liberal economic policy by opening wide the economy to foreign and domestic investment, allowing labor flexibility, taxes low, and create first-class infrastructure through a combination of private sector and state spending. The second part is to permit the ruling party to retain a firm grip on government, the courts, the army, the internal security apparatus, and the free flow of information.

    Bluntly speaking it is Economic freedom with political “repression”.

    As Meles wants to adapt Democracy to minimize “repression” because it is a good thing, if I were you I would encourage him to do that instead of quoting archaic fictional bedtime stories of your own.

  16. Dawi
    | #16


    “.. If that is what you really believe in, you should advocate …. the midget dictator…”.

    In my book, respect is a two way street unless you prefer to be called the “midget” as well.

    When you show respect to a person and their beliefs, they should return it and show the same respect to you and what you believe. When they don’t – or worse, then they act as though you don’t even deserve it.

    In other words, when he says he wants “Democracy” on its own merit let us give him a chance for a start.

  17. aha!
    | #17

    First of all the most damning aspect of your narratives are pined down to one person, the Prime Minister, but not to the constitution that he created with TPLF as a spearhead with ex-liberation fronts and some of the loyalist opposition party leaders lined up with the mantra of the oppression of nations and nationalities What ever the Prime Minister is doing, however sinister is the extension of the constitution based on ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism. What ever narratives or counter argument you present to whatever he said the same idea of economic development in different context and his idea of democracy as glue to bring together different ethnic goups is also flawed to say the least. This type of argument to me is petty is what one does among each other as equals or friendship that gone sour. It has no bearing on helping the non-violent uprising to freedom more than food security and/or democracy, while we already have humanitarian aid in abundance with out freedom, and democracy that free individuals can create and nurture once the become free individuals with shared ownership of the country’s resources anywhere in Ethiopia, exercise free market capitalism and elect a president to an Office that rules by the consent of the goverened.

    No body shuld deny that the current leader’s intelligence along with its cohorts, but it is a negative inteliggence to the disintegration of Ethiopia by the the negative forces of disintegration against the positive forces of integration, who are endowed with their positive intelligence and yet is not well coordinated under the common goals and strategies to achieve those goals.

    Having said that with respect to this article about the counter argument of “separation of democracy from economic growth” by TPLF/eprdf regime: there are two aspects of the mantra of this regime, a regime consisting of ex-liberation fronts (teletafi (ethnic federalist) parties, lined up with ideology of the oppression of nations and nationalities, but not class struggle, common to all Ethiopians.

    As such the original manra is “economic development before democracy in the East Asian Style alluded by Prof. Seid Hassan, to which I may add, using State capitalism instead of free market capitalism as an economic model, under totaliarinism to say the least about freedom and democracy to the silent majority of Ethiopians.

    Unlike China, TPLF/eprdf regime is embracing ethnic federalism and secessionism, a divide and rule policies in the constitution similar to a colonial style and/or in part to previous appartheid regime of South Africa of self-rule and separate development.

    The latest mantra of TPLF/eprdf regime, enunciated by th Prime Minister Mels Zenawi and cited by Prof. Alemayehu Gebre Mariam that “…democracy is good in of itself irrespective of its impact on economic growth” and some ancillary remark that ” but yet democracy is good to survive asunited sane nations”.

    These two assertions contradict each other. While the first mantra prdicates economic development before democracy and the latte asserts democracy is is irrelevant to economic growth. And the ancillary statement contradicts the ethnic federalism arrangement of the ethnic regions by supperimpsing democracy or democratic rule over ethnoocratic rule/ethnic dictatorship to hold the Killil Mengistat together, where democracy is the attribute of free individuals and a rule by the people of the people and for the people but not of ethnic groups.

    Instead of long drawn narratives in a separate article it would suffice to comment upon in Prof. Alemayehu G. Mariam’s article regarding the “separation of democracy from economic growth as the new mantra of the TPLF/eprdf regime and its ancillary claim of democracy as glue to killil Mengistats of self rule and separate developments instead of infratructural and economic and human development accross ecological regions with political boundries resorted to the old provincial states of assorted ethnic groups by rewriting the constitution with the individual as the center piece of the constituition.

    At this point in time the focus of our dialogeue need to focus on the non-violent uprising to freedom more than food security and/or democracy to reinstate individual freedom, liberty, equality ahead of ethnic and secessionist rights along the lines of ” haymant yegill new hager gin yergra nat to save the country from disintegration and restore Ethiopian nationalism and sovereignity of Ethiopia.

  18. Alemseged Negasi
    | #18


    “Common man seriously, such stuff is used by oppressors to make people feel better about the distress they experience due to being poor and exploited. I didn’t know anybody takes such thoughts seriously anymore, I guess I was wrong. No wonder you don’t understand “developmental economics” as advocated by Meles in Ethiopia.

    Forget about “god” that is between you & him/her but, leaders from across Africa and Asia and other developing countries are admiring and emulating “the China Model.”

    You mean to call yourself Dawit,for some reason you must have been uncomfortable about it and instead you chose Dawi.I don’t think this is an accident.It is clear you have nothing in common with the Biblical Dawit for His maker said of him ” I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.”1 Samuel
    13:14and Acts 13:22.

    I am quite awere you have nothing to do with the Cretor;that is entrely up to you.But don’t ever think I am personally writing to you and you alone ; there are many citizens who vist this site who do believe in the Creator.For instnce Dr.Tecola W.Hagos begins his article by quoting the Bible.Beside there are billions ,if we count all the numbers from the first day the gospel is preached to the present who believed in its message. Iam not surprised with what you say about the Bible “archaic fictional bedtime stories of your own”.Just like you
    Some profane authors might have said similar things about it.Inspite of it all though sacred writers revear every pages of the Bible. Note how this unknown author elequently magnify it.

    “The Bible contains the mind of God, the state of man, the way of salvation, the doom of sinners, and the happiness of believers. Its histories are true, and its decisions are immutable. Read it to be wise, believe it to be safe, and practice it to be holy. It contains light to direct you, food to support you, and comfort to cheer you. It is the traveler’s map, the pilgrim’s staff, the pilot’s compass, the soldier’s sword, heaven opened, and the gates of hell disclosed. Christ is its grand object, our good its design, and the glory of God its end. It should fill the memory, rule the heart, and guide the feet. Read it slowly, frequently, and prayerfully. It is given you in life, will be opened in judgment, and be remembered forever. It involves the highest responsibilities, will reward the greatest labor, and will condemn all who trifle with its sacred contents.”-Author Unknown

    The issue I raised above is in particuar is Freedom or liberty,in this context I try to reason with every one out there the3 word Freedom is first mentiond in the Bible in its first page long before the Greeks aor any secular history mentioned it that is the essence of it all.The writers of the U.S constitution and declaration of independence are conscious that the teachings of the Bible played great role in their formulation of the American civil socity.Infact the Bible influences many fields of study such as medicine,Law,psychology Chemistry,Astronomy,Biology,marin life etc. You might as well forget about your economic fairy tale.Just like any humdrum it is a borrowed buzword adopted by the TPLF psudo Economists.The economic condition of Ethiopia speakes differently than what you like us believe about development.The majority of Ethiopians leave the country becasuse they can not find jobs,and the remaining live from hand outs send from abroad.

    Not only that you nmight comne up withnew lies because the economic development you speak and what I like to call the economic exploitation is even being criticized by the very people who mentor melese the Chines.Here is what Mr.Gao Xiqing of the China Investment Forum, said to Meles: “Do not necessarily do what we did”. Policies of “sheer economic growth” should be avoided, he said. “We now suffer pollution and an unequal distribution of wealth and opportunities… You have a clean sheet of paper here. Try to write something beautiful.”

  19. anon
    | #19

    [Dawi] said,

    “In my book, respect is a two way street unless you prefer to be called the “midget” as well”.

    I know Gurengiouch can answer for himself, but I think I can answer to this one. To me respect is not a two way street but something people must earn it.The TPLF mistreatment and abuse of rights of Ethiopians for the last twenty years is well documented fact.Such being the nature of the case, Melese and his cronies including you don’t deserve the respect of Ethiopians. By now it should be clear to you there is no decencey or civility in the minds of tens of thousands of TPL cadres. Hence you can not insist respect for the most despicable creature around. You guys are in league with the arch enemy of mankind: the devil. The government ,of whom you are a part, kills civilians without trial. For instance, the Anuaks, Somailas, Amharas, Oromos, Afars are among the constant victims of weyane.

    You guys, jail journalists, peaceful opposition political party members and convict them by arranging false witness. You guys are running state owned economy dominated by two inter related giants EFFORT & Midrock and speaks of it “developmental economics for Ethiopia.” You guys, including yourself, are blinded to your behaviors because of the greater wealth and financial bonanza you are chasing and forget the consequences of your actions. Lies and pile of lies gets one nowhere but to the pit. Why does ,in your view, his statement “he likes democracy on its own merit” deserves support? After all, a person perceived not so much on what he says about his belief but on what he actually does. He has in the past used the same trick and will continue in the future to reinvent himself in the presence of his handlers to be seen as an impressionst.In the process, though ,he is not impressing any of his gusts because they know him for who he actually is and will not be taken by his crafty impression management talk.
    Thy know very well he is making such statement to polish his self-concept in the presence of others. The facts of Melese speaks lauder and clear that he is a dictator, he deride the Ethiopian people as often as he choose, he give orders to kill, give orders to displace segments of Ethiopian society because the land they owe is in need .He orders land that belongs to Churches and Monasteries to be used for agro business. I am not advocating ill mannerism here.However, when it comes to respect Melese and his cronies deserve not an iota of respect from Ethiopians. If he and his party wanted respect, while they had the opportunity, they could have handled and treated Ethiopians decently.

  20. Anonymous
    | #20

    For Ethiopians who have been living and put through the brutality of Meles and the rest of ruthless TPLF for the last twenty two years, there is no difference between the master of evil, Lucifer and the brutal tyrant Meles and the TPLF cronies. You name it, from lying, looting, selling young women, small children, incarcerating innocent Ethiopians, evicting Ethiopians from their land to sell their land to foreigners, the killing spree of innocent Ethiopians…everything Dictator Meles and TPLF criminals have been doing for the last 22 years is PURE EVIL, period!

  21. aha!
    | #21

    Anon has touched upon the second tier of the TPLF/eprdf regime’s profile that of exploitation, political and economical stranglehold of the country’s resources by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and and foreign corporations that non of the elites have alluded to in response to Dawi’s argument, running the economy with the regime in a State Capitalism economic model under totaliarinism. This set up where capital and land resources are available to TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and land to foreign corporations, have left the rural and urban dewellers under without property ownership as one of the means of production. This is what some observers remark this secenario as making the silent majority as “yebeyee temelkach”, followed the restriction on the transaction of lands and properties as one major souces of accummulating wealth in the form of Real Esate transactions aling with the monopoly and restrictions of telecommunication systems of all sorts.

    The first tier which Anon skipped are the tree ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, totaliarinism as as a carry over from the Derg regime and its own inlination that Anon has alluded to is the creation of TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and the adoption of State Capitalism economic model under the cover of totaliarinism, rather than free market capitalism and democracy.

    The other two ideologies: ethnic federalism and secessionism built into the constitution are intended as divide and rule policy among the major ethnic groups in a colonial style and/or in part an appartheid system of prvious South Africa of self-rule and separate development that allows for secession over ill defined boundries of Oromia for example, with forseable border disputes as the case was with Eritrean Province becoming independent. As such ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism is supported directly by the teletafi (ethnic federalist)
    and loyalist oppostion parties, which now formed a front with UDJP are in indirect support of the constitution, which the TPLF/eprdf regime as steak holder of the constitution charges any dissent by the oppostion parties/journalists and individuals as treason, interhamwe before and now anti-terrorism, using the security and police forces as enforcers of the fake charges and the the non-independent judiciary in judicial proceedings. In the light of the above profiles of TPLF/eprdf regime, that has perpetrated humanitarian, economic, political and environmental crises for the last 21 years to talk about what the Prime Minister views about democracy is like discussing about to have for for a dissert instead of the main courses which are economic and political freedom for the silent majority of Ethiopians.

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