Is there a link between freedom and development? By Ephrem Madebo

June 15th, 2012 Print Print Email Email

“I don’t believe in this nighttime, you know, bedtime stories and contrived arguments linking economic growth with democracy.” — PM Meles Zenawi

“Freedom is the primary end and the principal means of development.” — Amartya Sen, 1998 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

(When you finish reading this article, ask yourself to sum up the article in a single word. To do so, please read the entire article (this is a relatively long article).

The answer to the question raised in the title of this article is not as trivial as belittling the question itself as a ‘bedtime story’ or it is not as mysterious as the ‘Riemann hypothesis’. The instrumental link between freedom and economic development has been a controversial issue for the good part of the twentieth century. There is no doubt that the relationship between democracy and development is a complex relationship, and there are few questions in comparative developmental studies that have generated as much debate and research work as examining the relationship between democracy and development. The positive correlation between high level of wealth and democracy was identified more than half a century ago, but regardless of how strong this correlation might be, there is no conclusive empirical evidence to depict a cause and effect relationship between democracy and development.

During the Cold War and after, a plethora of scientists and researchers spent half of their lives examining the cause & effect relationship between democracy and development. The conclusions so far are mixed. Many findings show positive relationship between democracy and development while several others show no relationship or negative relationship. However, after the ground breaking work of Amartya Sen; the methodology of examining the relationship between democracy and development has changed. Today, such a methodology highly depends on how one defines ‘development’. For example, if one adopts Amartya Sen’s definition of development as ‘freedom’, [a definition that integrates not only economic indicators but also freedoms like political rights, social opportunities, transparency guarantees and protective security], then according to this definition; democracy must be a precondition for development.

The focus of this paper is not to argue the advantage of democracy over autocracy in promoting economic development, or to prove the positive causal relationship between democracy and economic growth. The purpose of this paper is to prove that, the view that sees the link between development and democracy as a bedtime story is itself a “bedtime story” that must be told on ‘take your kids to work’ day. As a product of academia and as a person who loves reason and dialogs, I’m always open to opinions, ideas, and new findings. However, as much as I love scholarly works and scholars, I also do make distinction between great minds and armchair critics.

The twenty second World Economic Forum for Africa was held from May 9 to 11 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The forum was packed by intellectuals, a cast of Africa’s young business leaders, and some political leaders like PM Meles Zenawi who used the forum to introduce his “new” economic theory on democracy and development, i.e., the” bedtime story”. The new theory or Zenawi’s melodrama on the international stage did not surprise me. Actually, what supersized me and made me hesitant of the forum itself was that, no one was judicious or brave enough to challenge Zenawi’s baseless statements. Specially, the complacency of Gordon Brown, a PHD and a onetime first class honors student at the University of Edinburgh is just beyond the pale. I wonder how ex-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and a respected intellectual of Gordon Brown’s caliber, quietly sat when the role played by democracy in economic development was downplayed by one of Africa’s vicious dictators.

Before I present some study results that have critically examined the relationship between democracy and development, I want to slice and dice the following two statements made by PM Meles Zenawi.

1) My view is that there is no direct relationship between economic growth and democracy historically or theoretically.

In this statement, PM Zenawi tries to persuade the world that there is no direct relationship between development and democracy. Had the Prime Minister stopped after telling the forum his view, his view wouldn’t have been much of a concern as no one would take the Prime Minister serious at this level of knowledge. But, PM Zenawi pushes the envelope a little further and tries to argue his strange view in the context of history and economic theory. In fact, he keeps on saying that there has never been a link between democracy and economic growth historically or theoretically. Is PM Zenawi right? What do historical, empirical, and theoretical records show? Is there a demonstrable correlation between the attributes of democracy and development?

The relationship between democracy and development has been studied by many scientists for many years. As it has already been said elsewhere in this article, there result of the studies is mixed. There are many studies that support the case for direct relationship between democracy and development while there are many others who argue otherwise. Harvard University Professor of Economics and Philosophy, Amartya Sen, has used his economics and philosophy background to demonstrate the existence of positive relationship between democracy and development in his most celebrated book – “Development As Freedom”. In fact, Amartya Sen takes his refined argument to the next level by saying the following: Freedom is the primary end and the principal means of development. Professor Sen does not just make such an enormous claim and leave the reader in limbo like Zenawi. He substantiates his claim with rich and timely evidence. I strongly recommend readers to read his book, Development As Freedom.

2) Democracy may be the only viable option for keeping these diverse nations together. So we need to democratize but not in order to grow. We need to democratize in order to survive as united sane nations.

Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is a man who preaches something he himself hates to practice. For example, he was right on the money when he said – “we need to democratize in order to survive as united sane nations”. True, but isn’t “Kill democracy before it kills me” the endless slogan of Meles Zenawi? According to his own words, Ethiopia would not survive as a nation without democracy – which basically means that, non-democratic Ethiopia [even if it stays together], its existence as a nation would be insecure, loose, or unstable. I am sure as “smart” as his amigos would call him; PM Meles knows the strong relationship between political stability and economic growth. If Ethiopia cannot have political stability without adopting democracy [an assessment that PM Meles shares], and if political instability is identified as the cause of poor economic growth, then why would Mr. smart man insist that the link between democracy and development is a bedtime story? I urge the Prime Minister to substantiate his claim with supporting evidence rather than using childishly worded statements to refute the scientific work of many researchers.

During and before the Cold War, the notion that totalitarian regimes are better suited for faster economic development than democracies was a widely held conventional wisdom. In fact, many social scientists believed that a certain level of economic development was a prerequisite for democracy to flourish. However, after the third wave of democratization, this long held view faced a series of challenges.

One of the major challenges came from the research work of Morton Halperin, Joseph Siegle, and Michael Weinstein. The three researchers demonstrated that, when the countries of the world were examined as whole, democracies did perform better in terms of economic development than autocracies. The data collected and analyzed in their book clearly displayed that there has been no advantage for autocracies over democracies for the past 40 years in terms of development. In fact, the study of the above three researchers plainly showed that, not only democracies grew at a faster rate than autocracies, but democracies also outperformed autocracies in the consistency of their growth. The analysis also revealed that out of the 80 worst economic performers of the last 40 years, all but only three were autocracies. Furthermore, a good number of the studies have confirmed that democracies have performed noticeably better than autocracies [in some cases up to 50% better] in the social welfare dimension of development such as child mortality, literacy, life expectancy and protective security.

Evidently, Morton Halperin et al have played a visible role in creating a broad international consensus that, economic development is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for the emergence of democracy. However, beyond the broad consensus on the non-essentiality of economic development as a pre-condition to the emergence of democracy, the strength and direction of the relationship between democracy and economic growth is still a hotly contested issue. The study of the three researchers has shown the existence of relationship between democracy and development, i.e., democracies grew at a faster rate than autocracies, but the study did not establish causal relationship between the two.

Some scientists strongly argue and consider democracy as an important pre-requisite for development, while others argue that authoritarian regimes are better suited to the task of economic development. Yet, there are some who argue that democracy and economic growth are inversely related. Their views and arguments may vary, but these scientists are great thinkers and some of them have won the prestigious Nobel Prize in the process. As much as they sharply differ in their views of the relationship between democracy and economic growth, none of these scientists disrespect the work of the other and disparage the link between democracy and economic growth to a bedtime story. In fact, scientists never diminish ideas and arguments to bedtime stories; they leave such subjective judgments to little minds and armchair critics.

What is good for Ethiopia? Is it democracy or autocracy? It appears that the answer to this question is reasonably obvious. Democracy is good for any country because it ensures civic and political liberties and facilitates political participation of the masses. The next question worth asking is – does democracy facilitate economic development? Well, the answer to this question is not as obvious as the first because the empirical record for democracies is about as mixed as that of autocracies. Several studies support the causal relationship between democracy and development while many other studies support the positive role of autocratic regimes in economic growth. However, many empirical studies suggest that only democratic institutions can ensure development policies include the interests of the poor and only in democratic states can all citizens participate in economic and social decisions that affect their life. Therefore, for poor countries like Ethiopia, democracy is good not only for promoting economic growth [production], but also for sharing the benefit of the growth [distribution].

Democracy and Economic Growth – Deakin University, Australia

A conclusion drawn from a meta-regression analysis* of a population of 470 estimates derived from 81 papers on the democracy-growth association was mixed, but still supported the argument of positive relationship between democracy and development. The end result of the meta-regression analysis showed no evidence of democracy being detrimental to development. On the other hand, the same study clearly showed the association of democracy with higher human capital accumulation, lower inflation, lower political instability and higher economic freedom. The other interesting revelation of the meta- analysis was that, the evidence showed that the growth effect of democracy was much higher in Latin America than in Asia. The Deakin University study concluded that democracy has robust and significant indirect effects on development.

*Meta-regression or meta-analysis is method that contrasts and combines results from different studies, in order to identify patterns among study results Development As Freedom – Amartya Sen
Nobel Prize winner Economist Amartya Sen has come with a clear departure from the past and has proposed a powerful new directive for understanding social and economic choices. Sen focuses on individual freedom as both the means and ends of development. In his book, “Development as Freedom”, Sen explores the relationship between freedom and development, and defines freedom as both a basic constituent of development in itself, and as an enabling key factor to other aspects. Sen does not use mathematical or econometric models; he does not even focus on income and wealth. He mixes his deep knowledge of philosophy with Economics and suggests a focus on substantive human freedoms. Sen argues for a broad view of freedom that embraces both processes and opportunities. According to Sen, Freedom is both constitutive of development and instrumental to it, and instrumental freedoms include political freedom, economic facilities, social opportunities, transparency, and security.

Sen’s systematic mix of freedom and development has broadened our understanding of how to do descriptive, positive, and normative analysis on economics, freedom, and development. Sen has also shown economists that development is not all about exchange, income, and wealth; but the product of an integrated and interdisciplinary approach of freedom, good governance, the rule of law, income, and market. In general, Amartya Sen’s view of development and democracy constantly reminds us that, democracy is not just an end in itself; it also plays an instrumental role in giving people a voice and a constructive role in shaping economic and social values.

Democracy and Economic Growth, A Historical Perspective- Gerring, Bond, Barndt and Moreno

The research paper of John Gerring et al starts posing the following question: does regime type affect economic performance? The answer to this question is mixed and usually slanted to the view that democracy has either a negative effect on GDP growth or no effect at all. The longstanding normative view is that authoritarian political countries are predicted to grow as rapidly as or perhaps even faster than democratic countries. Furthermore, Econometric evidences suggest that the positives effects of democracy are balanced by the negatives producing a net effect of negative or null.

In their article, titled “Democracy and Economic Growth” , the quartets dug deep into the past and exposed how the incredulous view of the relationship between democracy and development has influenced the outcome of research work on democracy and development – word to word, this is how they put their finding in the paper: “In this article, we show that the skeptical view of democracy and development rests on a questionable assumption in which democracy is treated as a more or less immediate cause”. The most convincing conclusion of John Gerring et el is that, the effects of democracy on economic growth should stem from a country’s regime history as well as its current status which means that Democracy must be considered as a stock, rather than level, variable. According to John Gerring et el, the impact of democracy in development must be measured in at least a decade, and it is unrealistic to view this year’s level of democracy to have a meaningful influence on economic growth of the following year.

To see the influences of democracy on economic development, democracy must be maintained for a long time. Democracy influences economic performance through physical capital, human capital, social capital, and political capital. The key here is political capital, and political capital refers to the opportunities that people have to determine who should govern and in what principles, and also includes the possibility to scrutinize and criticize authorities, to have freedom of political expression to uncensored press and to enjoy freedom to choose between different political parties. The core insight here is that, political capital has huge impact on economic and social institutions, and institutional effects unfold over time. Hence, the argument – “does democracy affect development” is quite plausible if regime type is considered through a historical lens. Therefore, the conclusion is: Democracy + time = economic development.

I’ve set the tone of this article from the very beginning. The purpose of the article is not to prove the existence of positive correlation between democracy and development. Yes, most of the evidences presented in the article do support the case for a positive relationship between democracy and development; but this is only an attempt to make sure that PM Zenawi understands that there are tens of thousands of scientists who use mathematical and statistical models to show causal relationship between democracy and development. On the other side, there are also as many scientists that use similar models to show inverse relationship or no relationship between democracy and development. After the Cold War, the democracy – development argument has shifted to the center in favor of democracy. Nevertheless, regardless of which side of the argument one stands, the democracy – development argument is not a simple argument to be trashed as a “bedtime story”, no matter how bad one hates or fears democracy.

The word democracy has many attributes, the rule of law and good governance are some, but just two of its attributes. There is a global consensus that the rule of law and good governance are among the most effective tools for managing the economic and social affairs of a country. A government that submits to the rule of law and known for its good governance is expected to deliver economic development, social security, and civil liberties all in one package. Many, if not all, of the world’s developed countries are democratic. Call it G8 or G20, except some three or four countries, all of the G20 countries are wealthy, democratic, and institutionally built countries. Most of these countries became rich under authoritarian regimes. Some weak and shallow people have used this conventional conclusion to justify that democracy is a luxury that should be pushed back until a country is wealthy. In fact, this is precisely the kind of argument PM Meles Zenawi argues, and this is why he called one of the most engaging arguments of all time – a bedtime story.

Meles Zenawi has been preaching democracy for the past 38 years, and he has been in power for 21 of those 38 years, but Zenawi has been far from democracy just as heaven is far from earth. Meles has a bad taste for democracy and he hates democracy; but, why? The answer is simple – he loves power! When Meles badmouthed that nonsense “bedtime story” last month in Addis Ababa, his focus was neither democracy nor development. It was all about power, yes power! Meles knows for sure that democracy is the only path for Ethiopia’s rapid economic growth, and most importantly, for its survival as a nation. But, if he builds democracy and allows the rule of law, freedom, and justice to flourish in Ethiopia, Meles knows that his days in power will be numbered, and Ethiopia will no more be a cash cow for his hidden empire building. So he has to tell his patrons [the US, UK etc.] that democracy has nothing to do with economic growth.

Basically, what he told them is: “Ethiopia is growing like it has never been . . . . Shut your mouth and don’t bother us with this alien word democracy”. I was lost, and what got me lost are not the pathetic words he said; such nonsense is his trade-mark. What threw me off is that, people like Gordon Brown were laughing and clapping their hands sitting right beside PM Meles at that disgraceful moment, and the habitual armors of dictators loved Zenawi’s hogwash like they always do.

Finally, the years 2001 to 2012 have been relatively peaceful years in Ethiopia. On the other hand, in these same 11 years, the current regime in Ethiopia has received twenty times more foreign aid than the previous two regimes combined, or more than any Sub-Saharan country for that matter. These evident factors may have facilitated economic growth in Ethiopia. However, the current growth rate will not sustain or may quickly regress unless Ethiopia is allowed to democratize. The popular resistance in Gambella, the ethnic liberations movements in Oromia, Ogaden, Sidama, and Benishangul-Gmuz and civil unrests elsewhere in the country are clear signs of imminent danger that have the potential to destabilize not only Ethiopia, but the entire Horn of Africa. This is not about who sits in Menelik Palace, or it is not even about the choice between food and freedom, this is about the survival of a nation. Ethiopia’s current economic growth can quickly regress and its survival will be in grave danger, if this large and diverse nation is not allowed to democratize.


Amartya Sen: Development As Freedom

Andrew Reynolds (Edited by): The Architecture of Democracy- Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy- Oxford University Press

Arend Lijphart: Democracy in Plural Societies –A Comparative Exploration

Benjamin Reilly: Democracy in Plural Societies- Electoral Engineering for Conflict Management

Daron Acemoglu, James A. Robinso: Why Nations Fail

Hristos Doucouliagos, Mehmet Ulubasoglu: Democracy and Economic Growth (Paper) Deakin University, Australia

John Gerring, Philip Bond, William T. Barndt, and Carola Moreno: Democracy and Economic Growth-A Historical Perspective (Paper)

Sirowy, Larry, and Alex Inkeles: The Effects of Democracy on Economic Growth and Inequality: A Review. Comparative International Development

  1. tewbel
    | #1

    Development for whom and by whom is the question.
    As far as democracy is concerned it seems that it has become
    a dysfunctional notion in view of the abuses social and economic
    made by the governing greed motivate elite, whose behavior has little
    to do with democracy. In America it looks more and more that people
    suffer not only of physical obesity but also mental.

  2. tewbel
    | #2

    Sorry, I forgot to mention the coming of age to the US of a new drug
    called “bath salt” which provokes open “cannibalism”.
    Who knows what will be next one?

  3. Odebam Merhpe
    | #3

    From your writing, you seem to accept two facts.
    1. “The years 2001 to 2012 have been relatively peaceful years in Ethiopia”
    2. There is economic growth in Ethiopia.

    At the same time, you said Ethiopia is not democracy. Your conclusion contradicts with your facts.

    1. How come a diverse country like Ethiopia be peaceful for more than a decade if there is no democracy?
    2. How come there is economic growth, if there is a direct relationship with democracy as you claimed?

    Odebam Merhpe

  4. aha!
    | #4

    When there political parties in the form of teletafi (ethnic federalist) and loyalist (ethnic federalist) opposition parties dead set on ethnic fedralism, a division of land mass of Ethiopia into seven of nine and/or 80 ethnic groups as divide and rule policy and a prelude to secessionism upto self-determination by ethnic secessionist fronts and future and current border conflicts, you are hair spliting about the relationship of democracy and development with the Prime Minister, the architect of ethnic fereralism, secessionism and totaliarinism. The totaliarinism aspect of these ideologies have a twist of State Capitalism economic model in the East Asian style, as opposed to free market capitalism with private ownership of land and access to capital, aceess and private ownership of the mass media, press freedom and individual freedom are available to the silent majority of Ethiopians, if I acknowledge your use of the terms freedom and democracy exchangeably. To me democracy is defined as a rule by the people for the people and for the people, that kind of democracy is not available in China nor in Ethiopia, no matter how the prime Minister looks at in relation to economic development by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations in terms of land lease and manufaturing industries, do not provide freedom and democracy to the silent majority of Ethiopians. What gives the TPLF/eprdf regime, eprdf is only and umbrella to the TPLF Politbuerro, where the killil Mengistats are pleading both from inside and outside parties like OPDF/EFDF/fdre is for equality of the Killil Mengistat/ ikkilent mekeber and political space for the last six years since the 2005 election and offcourse respect of human rights and democracy common to all factions, but not freedom, liberty and equality of individuals to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights to rally the masses in a non-violent uprising to freedom from authocratic and ethnocratic rule of either the current minority and/or the forseable majority rule, without that basic foresight supperimposing democracy over ethnocracy is not sustainable unless ethnic federalism secessionism and totaliarinism are dismantled by resorting to the original provinces to which Eritrea may be a part should the population free themselves as federated states of Ethiopia with individual freedom, liberty and equality as the centerpiece of the constitution and the party elected to power rules by the consent of the governed. That is what democracy is all about, perhaps an institution/concept advanced by free individuals, free of ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies under their sleeves, provded they wear a long sleeves as the cliche goes.

  5. Dawi
    | #5

    Let us say he “hates Democracy” “loves power” therefore, calls it a “bedtime story”; as he came with the barrel of the gun he may have that set of mind.

    Now the question is how about those of you that are supposed to create the alternative?

    The best you [G7] did so far is forming a working relationship or some coalition with OLF as an example; others are trying to do similar things. Meaning, nothing that even guarantees we stay as one country is out there therefore, no confidence for the public to go by.

    In this predicament, if Democracy is declared chances are one of you would wait and take revenge on the other group thus escalating the existing conflict between groups even more. So a Dictator with any common sense would rather keep the total power than opening it up to revenge driven opposition who are holding their breath temporarily waiting to start their fight for power quotas as soon as they get a good chance. Should Meles facilitate that to you? Why?

    If not please prove to us that this is not going to happen.

  6. Chachi
    | #6

    Odebam Merhpe, hh

    You are TPLF paid cadre here. If Ethiopia was a democracy how can we see a law that bans skype and who ever uses skype goes to jail. If Ethiopia was a democracy why do we have all free journalists of the country either in jail or outside the country. Come on. Is China democracy? No, but it is growing. This exactly what the writer said. What do you mean Ethiopia is peacful? The writer did not say that. He said Ethiopia has been relatively peacful. How can Ethiopia be peaccful? What about Ogaden, Gambela and parts of Oromia?

  7. Neguse
    | #7

    Ato Ephrem Madibo
    What happend to all that hupla about armed struggle, I am afraid G7 leaders will retire before they ever firie a single bullet on Woyane. So I will only support brave people like Abebe Gelaw & Tamagne who are trust worthy & action oriented.

  8. ጉረኞች
    | #8

    You raised a good point. No action so far, they are spending their time and resources to revive the discredited Obo Lencho Leta and other die-hard OLF cronies. G7 is taking credit for what Abebe Gelaw or Tamagn did. May be that is good enough for them. They have yet to prove if they are not yet another ethnic ideologues, a lot of bad odor around there!!

  9. Dawi
    | #9

    ጉረኞች :

    G7 has endorsed the “by any means necessary” position. One of the means is the peace full struggle Abebe Gelaw “waged” therefore, if G7 is behind that we shouldn’t be surprised.

    The Meles Dictatorship is expert in Armed Struggle; even Shabia has given up fighting back when it was punished recently because it knows it is bound to lose even more if it tries.

    Meles’s relative weakness has to be the political arena. Thus that is why Ephrem is trying his best to “demolish” Meles’s “bed time story”. Can you help on that arena is the question. Criticizing them for not waging armed struggle now doesn’t make any sense.

  10. abebe
    | #10

    Neguse + ጉረኞች = The same person = TPLF Paid servants

    Did you read the article, it wasn’t about Ginbot Seven, OLF or armed struggle. So why do you open your unclean mouth on matters of totally different from the article. Its just like your idiot boss in Addis. When he asked about the US aid to the war in the Somalia, the idiot replied we “don’t fight with condom”. You guys are the same. The writer argued on a very important issue which is the link between democracy and development. Even if you don’t like the author you could have learned much. But you choosed to stay ignorant just to suport the case of a killer dictator in Addis. You are human like donkeys who do everything to fill that big belley- keep it up- but use the same name because I know for sure you are one person using two different names.

  11. Long live Ethoipia
    | #11

    For those who are seduced by few roads, and buildings that have been built through borrowed money, which were channeled to profit TPLF companies,no country to look at what ethnic politics can do to a country– the former Yugoslavia. Western countries in the hope of holding the soviet expansion in check invested heavily in that country, but when ethic cleansing started all those structures was destroyed and millions and millions of people were massacred. Meles knows for what he is grooming Ethiopia for , and unfortunately his ethic supporters are intoxicated by Ethnic fervor, at the end of the day they will pay dearly for that. The western once they used up the government like Mele’s they will drop them like a hot potato when the push comes to shove. including bombing the person who did the biding for their sack. Ethiopians what they need to ask is what they are doing practically to change this Ethnic junta. Action speak louder than just talk.

  12. Girum
    | #12

    Sometimes some conclusions or views come or originate from an a priori wrong premise. For Example:
    If I had been an Angel then I would not have needed to eat, would not have needed to get starved and I would not have needed to work like human beings do as is the case of their natural and social vocation. Now if a certain person assumes that he/she is an ANGEL then he/she would be in contradiction to his need for eating, and starving when not eating and also in contradiction for need of working to have food to eat.And hence the same dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy, that is a wrong PREMISE is causing this sort of arguments we failed to understand one another.And hence with the same token then we sing the wrong song of like “If there is DEMOCRACY then ……………….”
    As far as I understand I think we are in some sort of quandary in that we even can not have a common rightful meaning or definition of Democracy. About which Democracy we are talking? About the pervasively applied representative democracy that is implemented through the sort of mere periodical elections we see now days peoples casting votes in ballots to elect their representatives or leaders as is the case in the West and other countries? The mass overtly elects A then behind closed doors A covertly works for interest group X. Then the mass tries another chance and then elects B and then again behind closed doors B also covertly works for same interest group X. And then still the mass also tries another chance and then elects C or re-elects B and then again behind closed doors B or C also works for same interest group X. This same vicious-circle or cycle continues as long as possible and the mass is trapped and contained in the same dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy. In today’s heydays era of global capitalism (where money and only money of corporate origin rules) this is what is so pervasive globally. And that is why the “Occupy Movement” emerged in the West it self (where we make our main reference of democracy) that directly targets Wall Street or the capitalists system it self not the pawn leaders like Obama in the white house. And indeed why Democracy failed to detect rectify and prevent the sort of this type of globally pervasive financial and economic chaos that results in impoverishment of the majority mass while to the contrary the very few becomes richer and richer whose main source is corporate greed and intrigue?

    I do not understand why we even want to take the talk of Meles this much seriously and want to make it as an absolute refernce for our dilaogies?
    ሌላው አጠቃላዩ የሰው ልጅ ታሪክ ምንን ያሳያል?ዲሞክራሲን? ያን ያህል ዲሞክራሲን አያሳይም፡፡አጠቃላዩ የሰው ልጅ ታሪክ እስካሁን ደቂቃና ሰከንድ ድረስ ያለመረጋጋት የጦርነት የወረራ የርስ በርስ ግጭት ታሪክ ነው፡፡መጀመሪያውኑ የሰው ልጅ መቼ መንፈሳዊ ልእልናን ተቀዳጅቶ ነው ውስጣዊ ሰላምን ፈጥሮ ከሌላውም ከባቢ ነገር ጋር ሁሉ ሰላማዊ ግንኙነትን ለማድረግ የቻለው?
    የዲሞክራሲ ቁንጮና ገነት እንደሆነች የሚነገርላት አሜሪካ በዓለም ላይ 700 የሚሆኑ የዲሞክራሲ ተቋማትን ሳይሆን ወደ 700 የሚጠጉ የወታደራዊ የጦር ሰፈሮችን መስርታለች፡፡ይህ የሚያሳየው መጪው ዘመን የዲሞክራሲ ዘመን ሳይሆን የአለመረጋጋት የግጭት የወረራ የዘመናዊ ቅኝ-ግዛት(Global Governance of Global Government) ዘመን መሆኑን ነው፡፡ሌላው ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ሲወራ ስለ ግለሰብ መብት ብቻ ነው ወይንስ ቡድናዊ ህዝባዊና ሀገራዊ መብትን ጭምር ያጠቃልላል፡፡
    In today’s heydays era of global capitalism if there is no sovereign nation-state then how comes there can be democracy for individuals? I mean if there is no democracy for any sovereign nation-state then how comes then there is/can be democracy for any individuals? R2P(Responsibility To Protect) that is endorsed in UN during the times of Kofee Anan and following this what has happened to Yugoslavia Somalia, Libya and today in Syria is very evident that there is indeed no democracy but what is lurking behind in the background is global governance. For the colonizing empires either through direct colonialism as is in the past or through neo-colonialism as is the case today then in order to plunder, siphon and collect wealth to the center of the empire then democracy is not necessarily needed. History tells us loudly that all those who plunder and accumulate wealth is not through democracy. Democracy only served for public consumption only to contain the mass especially the naïve and gullible intellectuals under this paradigm setup. On one hand yes the irony behind Meles’s assertion is like this. And on the other hand the irony behind his assertion is to legitimize his power greed so that he gets excuse for his racist, looting and corrupt governance and at the same time so that he can stay longer in power under this pretext.ስለዚህም የመለስ ያለፈው እስካሁን ድረስ እየተራገበ ያለ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ንግግር ለእኔ “ሰይጣን ላመሉ ከቅዱስ መፅሀፍ ይጠቅሳል” አይነት ነው፡፡መለሰ የተናገሩት ነገር ትክክል ነው በእኔ እምነትና የህይወት ልምድ፡፡ነገር ግን እየተናገሩት ያለው ነገር በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ካለው እውነታ ጋር ግን ፈፅሞ የማይስማማ ነገር መሆኑ ነው፡፡መለስ ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ በቂ ዳቦ በቀን 3 ጎዜ ሰጥተው ይህንን ቢናገሩ ወይንም ቢፈላሰፉ ኖሮ ቅቡልነት ወይንም የሞራል መሰረት ይኖራቸው ነበር፡፡መልካም አባት ልጆቹን በቅጡ አጥግቦ ተንከባክቦ አሰልጥኖ ከመስመር ሲወጡና ሲባልጉ ቢገርፍ ቢቀጣ የሞራል ቅቡልነት ይኖረዋል፡፡ነገር ግን እንደ ክፉ አባት አይነት አባባ እራበን ዳቦ ስጠን እያሉ የሚለምኑትን ልጆች ግን አባት ጭራሽ ቢገርፍ ቢቀጣ ይህ የመልካም አባትነት አካሄድ አይደለምና እንግዲህ ይህ ምን ማለት እንደሆነ አንባቢ ይፍረድ፡፡መለስም እንደ ክፉ አባት በኢትዮጵያውያን ላይ እያደረጉ ያሉት መለስ ሆይ ዳቦ እራበን ብለው የሚጠይቁትን ዜጎች ልክ የዲሞክራሲ መብት እንደጠየቁት አድርጎ በመረዳት ለእናነተ ዳቦ እንጂ የሚያስፈልጋችሁ የዲሞክራሲ ጥያቄ አያስፈልግም አይነት እርስ በርሱ የተምታታ አይነት እብደት ነው፡፡ይህ አይነት እብደትና መሰሪነት ደግሞ ሁለቱንም ማለትም ዳቦንም ሆነ ዲሞክራሲንም ፈፅሞ የሚከለክል ነው፡፡የመለስም ስለ ዲሞክራሲ በከንቱ የመፈላሰፍ ንግግር ይህ አይነት እጅግ የተምታታ አነጋገር ነው፡፡ ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ሰዎች ከስራ ተባረርን ዳቦ እራበን ብለው ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ቢወጡ መለስ ዜናዊ ይህንም ድርጊት የሚረዳው ወይንም ሊረዳው የሚፈልገው በስልጣኔ ላይ ሽብርና ቀውስ ሊፈጥሩብኝና ሊገለብጡኝ ኢትዮጵያውያን ሰላማዊ አድማ ወጡብኝ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ምላሹ እስር ድብደባ ግድያ ወዘተ ነው፡፡ሰዎች ክትፎ ወይንም ኬክ በልተው ቢራ ወይንም ውስኪ ጠጥተው ሲጠግቡና ሌላ ተከታይ ተጨማሪ ነገር ሲፈልጉ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ሊወጡ ይችላሉ፡፡በተቃራኒው ደግሞ ሰዎች ዳቦ ሲርባቸውና የርሃብ ጠኔ ሲያሰቃያቸውም ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ሊወጡ ይችላሉ፡፡ነገር ግን ለሁሉም የሚሰጠው ምላሽ ግን በተለመደው አካሄድ ሲተረጎም በአንድ በኩል ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብት ማክበር ወይንም ካልሆነ በተቃራኒው ደግሞ ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብት መርገጥ ተደርጎ ነው የሚተረጎመው፡፡እናቱ የሞተችበትም ሆነ እናቱ ገበያ የሄደችበትም እኩል ያለቅሳል አይነት ማለት ነው፡፡አዎ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ዳቦ ከልክሎኝ ዳቦ እየተራብኩኝ ነገር ግን በተቃራኒው ዳቦ እየተራብኩኝ መሆኔን ስሜቴን እንድገልፅና እንድለፈልፍ ዲሞክራሲ መብት እንደሆነ እየነገረኝ ይህንን ይፈቅድልኛል፡፡የደርግ አይነቱ ሶሻሊዝም ደግሞ በተቻለ መጠን ሁሉ ዳቦ እንድበላ ያደርገኛል ነገር ግን ዳቦ ስጠግብና ሌላ አይነት የወጣ ነገር ስጠየቅ ግን ይህንን ስሜቴንና ሃሳቤን አንዳልገልፅ ይከለክለኛል፡፡የመለስ አይነቱ ደግሞ ከሁለት ያጣ አይነት ሆነና ደግሞ ነፃነትንም ሆነ ዳቦን ለመስጠት ያልቻለ በታሪክ ያልታየ አረመኔ ዘራፊ ቅጠረኛ ዘረኛ አገዛዝ ሆነና አረፈው፡፡
    ከዚህ በፊትም በተደጋጋሚ አስተያየት ስሰጥ እንደ “No-Fly-zone” ወይንም “R2P” ሁሉ ዲሞክራሲ በሚባለው የባእድ ቃል በማያግባቡን ባእድ መጥ ዘይቤዎች ከምንነጋገርና ከምንነታረክ በራሳችን በኢትዮጵያዊነት ባህላችን ሃይማኖታችን ታሪካችን እይታ ለምን አንነጋገርም ብዬ ነበር፡፡የመለስና አገዛዛቸው ዋና ችግር ከውስጣቸው ባለው ስር የሰደደ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነትና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያውያን ችግር የተነሳ ለኢትዮጵያ ለኢትዮጵያዊነትና ለኢትዮጵያውያን ተገቢው አክብሮት ፍቅርና ታማኝነት የሌላቸው መሪ ከመሆናቸው የሚመነጭ ነው፡፡Deep inside what matters most is this issue related to the intrinsic virtues and values of Love, Loyalty and Respect for own nation not his mere usual sugar coated rhetoric about democracy. And due to his lack of these intrinsic virtues and values for the nation Ethiopia then the irony behind his controversial assertion about democracy is that we Ethiopians deserve neither proper food to eat nor democracy/freedom. So the contradiction between his assertion and his deeds on the ground in Ethiopia mainly arises from his deep-rooted sentiments of anti-Ethiopia anti-Ethiopiawinet anti-Ethiopians and as a result his lack of proper love respect and loyalty for the nation. And indeed deep inside what he is telling us is that we or the nation does not deserve his considerate good governance.ስለዚህም የመለስን ቀጥተኛ ንግግር እንደወረደ ሰሙን ከማጣጣል ይልቅ ወርቁን ወይንም ቅኔውን መርምሮ መረዳት ግን የበለጠ ጠቃሚ ይመስለኛል፡፡ችግሩ ግን ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት ብዙ ያልተወራውን ያህል ይህ ወሬ ግን በጥልቀትና በስፋት ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ካለው የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልሰፍና ገር በቅጡ አለመቆራኘቱ እንዲያው ነገራችንን ሁሉ ዝም ብሎ ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ እንዲሆን ያደረገው ይመስለኛል፡፡
    ዲሞክራሲን እራሱን በምን መሰረት ወይንም እሴት (Intrinsic Virtues and Values)ላይ ልናኖረው እንደፈልግን በራሱ እጅግ ግራ የሚያጋባ ነገር ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ስለዲሞክራሲ ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት የተረዳሁት ነገር ቢኖር ዲሞክራሲ የምሁራኖቻችን የእቃ እቃ ጨዋታ ወይንም ወቅት እየጠበቁ ባማሩ ሆቴሎች ፌሽታ የሚያደርጉበት የትርፍ ጊዜ ስራና መደበሪያ መሆኑን ብቻ ነው፡፡እውነቴን ነው የምናገረው ይህንን የፈረደበት አይነት በጥራዝ-ነጠቅ የሚቀነቀን ዲሞክራሲ እንደ መለኮታዊ ስጦታ ፅሁፍ እየፃፉ ካላወደሱት እንደዚሁም ይህንን በየፖለቲካው መድረክም ካላራገቡት የእንጀራ ገመዳቸው የሚበጠስ አሉ፡፡የኢትዮጵያ የፓርቲ ፖለቲካ በራሱ እኮ በዚህ የተሳሳተ እሳቤ (Paradigm setup) የተመረኮዘ ነው፡፡አሁን ይቅርታ አድርጉልኝና በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እንደ ፖለቲከኛ ይህንን ያንን አደርጋለሁኝ እኔን ምረጡኝ ማለት የሸቀጥ እቃ ከማስተዋወቅ በምንድን ነው የሚለየው እረ?እቃዬ እንዲሸጥልኝ የሆነውንም ሆነ ያልሆነውን ዋሽቼ አስተዋውቃለሁኝ፡፡እቃው ጥሩም ይሁን አይሁን ብቻ ጥሩ ያስተዋወቀና የሰዎችን ቀልብ የሳበ በቃ እቃው ይሸጥለታል፡፡በዘመናችን ያለው ፖለቲከኛነትም ከዚህ የተለየ እየሆነ አይደለም፡፡ለዚህም ነው በጥልቀትና በስፋት ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ካለው የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልሰፍና ተነስተን እሴቶቻችን(Intrinsic Virtues and Values) ምንድን ናቸው ብለን በቅጡ ካልመረመርንና ካልጠየቅን የምእራቡን አይነት የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ እንደወረደ እንደበቀቀን ማራገብና ማቀንቀን ምስቅልቅልና አለመረጋጋት ከመፍጠር ውጪ የትም ሊያደርሰን ያልቻለው፡፡በመለስ ንግግር ውስጥ ያለውም ቅኔ በአንድ በኩል የምእራቡን አለም ዲሞክራሲ በተግባር ካለው ነባራዊ ሁኔታ ጋር በማዛመድ በራሱ ጥያቄ ውስጥ መግባትን ጭምር የሚያመላክት ነገር ነው፡፡መለስ የተናገሩትን ቅኔውን ሳይተረጉሙት እንደወረደ ሰሙን በመውሰድ ሊነቅፉ የፈለጉት ሰዎች በራሳቸው የሚያጣቅሱት የዲሞክራሲ ምንጭና እውነታ በራሱ ግራ የሚያጋባ ነገር ነው፡፡ጆርጅ ኦርዌል “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.”እንዳለው በተለምዶ በጥራዝ-ነጠቅነት እየተራገበ ያለውን የዲሞክራሲ ፅንሰ-ሀሳብ ተግበራዊነት በራሱ በየትኛው ክልል ውስጥ እንደሆነ በትክክል ያላስቀመጠ ነገር ነው፡፡የጥቂቶች ፍላጎትና አላማ ማስፈፀሚያ የሆነው ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምና የብዙሃን ዲሞክራሲና ልማት በራሳቸው በተፍጥሯቿው አብረው አይሄዱም፡፡እረ ጎበዝ እንዴት ነው ነገሩ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራኖቻችንና ፖለቲከኞቻችን ሁሉ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ምንነት የሙጥኝ ያሉትና ነገሮችን ሁሉ በዚህ ቅኝት ካላወራንና ካልተግባባን ያሉበት ምክንያት እውን በጤና ነውን?እረ እባካችሁ ወደ ራሳችን ወደ ውስጥ ባለው የኢትዮጵያዊነት ማንነት እንመለስና ነገሮችን በዚያ ዘይቤ በለመድነው አካሄድ በሚያግባባን እንነጋገረንና ችግራችንን እንፍታ፡፡የራሳችንን የውስጥ ችግር ለዘለቄታው መፍታት የምንችለው በራሳችን ማንነት ላይ ተመርኩዘን ሲሆን ነው፡፡ስለዚህም የራሳችንን ኢትዮጵያዊ እሴቶቻችንን እንደገና እንፈልግ እንመርምር እናግኝ በዚያ ላይ የምእራቡን አለም ዲሞክራሲን መመስረት እንችላለን፡፡ይህ ካልሆነ ግን እያወራነው ባለው አይነት የዲሞክራሲ ዘይቤ ግን ቅኔው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የሸቀጥ ማራገፊያ የሸቀጥ ማምረቻ እንደዚሁም ለዚህ ኡደት የሚሆን ግብዓት ጥሬ እቃ አቅራቢ ከመሆን ያለፈ ማንነት አይነረንም፡፡And hence our essence as a certain entity(indeed will gradually stop to become a certain sovereign nation-state) and then will evolve to become as a certain profiteering black-box where there is in-put money and there will be more of so much out-put money. In a world where corporate money (Through the 5th Amendment there indeed exits personified corporate persons and hence corporate-rights) is ruling across the globe about what sort of the essence of democracy we are talking? What sort of global social order we are advancing? የመንፈስ ልእልናን የሚያቀዳጁ ቆንጆ ቆንጆ ፍልስፍናዎችና እራሱ ዲሞክራሲ የሚባለው ፅንሰ-ሀሳብ ጭምር የመነጨባት ነች የምትባለው ግሪክ በቅርቡ በተፈጠረው የገንዘብ ቀውስ የተነሳ ዲሞክራሲን ለህዝቤ ተጠቅሜ በሪፈረንደም ህዝቡ ፍላጎቱን ይወስን ብለው ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ፓፓንድሪዩ ሃሳብ ቢያቀርቡ የገጠማቸው ዘመናዊ መፈንቅለ መንገስት ነው፡፡በምትካቸው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የፋይናንስ ቴክኖክራት ናቸው ሰልጣን ላይ በጓሮ የወጡት፡፡በጣሊያንም የሆነው ተመሳሳይ ነገር ነው፡፡የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኤሊቶች ለተራው ህዝብ በምሁራኖች አማካኝነት የሚያስወሩት ዲሞክራሲና እነሱ የሚሰሩት ስራ ፍየል ወዲያ ቅዝምዝም ወዲያ ነው፡፡ከዲሞክራሲ ጋር በተያያዘም ያለው ነገር ሁኔታውን ዝም ብሎ እንደወረደ በጥራዝ-ነጠቅ አስተሳሰብ ከማራገብ ይልቅ ጥልቀትና ስፋት ያለው ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ያለው የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፋና የሚያስፈልገው መሆኑ ነው፡፡የሰው ልጅ ታሪክ ከአፈጣጠሩና ከራሱ ከፈጣሪው ጀምሮ በራሱ ምንን ያሳያል? It is the evolution, nature and dynamism of human beings that determines the essence and application of Democracy not that of the usual party politics we see it today that is used to exploit and abuse democracy as an intermediate means or tool for the sake of power as an end-game.ለእኔ በዘመኑ እየተራገበ ካለ የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲ ይልቅ ቤተሰባዊ ስሜትን የሚከተል መልካም አስተዳደር(Good-Governance) የበለጠ ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ያለው ተፈጥሯዊ ነገር ነው፡፡ቤተሰብ ከዘመኑ ከዲሞክራሲ ዘይቤ ይልቅ ፍቅር መከባበር መተማመን መግባባት አንድነት ወዘተ የሚባሉ ወሳኝ እሴቶች የበለጠ የሚታዩበት ስብስብ ነው፡፡ቤተሰብ የግለሰብ ስብስብ ነው ማህበረሰብም የቤተሰብ ስብስብ ነው ሀገርም የማህበረሰብ ስብስብ እንደሆነው ሁሉ እንደዚሁ መሪዎች በስራቸው ያለውን ሀገራቸውንና ህዝባቸውን ቤተሰባዊ ስሜት ባለው በመልካም አስተዳር እይታ ማስተዳደር መቻል አለባቸው፡፡እንደ ቤተሰብ ማህበረሰብና ሀገር የተመሰረትንበትን አወቃቀር(Social fabric and class structure) በቅጡ መረዳት ያለብን ይመሰልኛል፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ኢትዮጵያ ኢትዮጵያዊነትና ኢትዮጵያውያን ከወደ ምእራቡ ካለው ግለሰባዊ ነፃነትና ዲሞክራሲ ይልቅ ከወደ ምስራቁ እንደ ቻይና ወይንም ጃፓን ያለው ጥልቅ የሆነ ቤተሰባዊና ማህበረሰባዊ ትስስር ያለበት ህይወት የበለጠ መገለጫችን ነው፡፡በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኢትዮጵያም ሆነ መላው አፍሪካና ታዳጊው አለም ያለ ድሃ ህዝብ በተረጋጋ መንገድ ሰላማዊ ህይወቱን ሊመራና ሊያድግ የሚችለው በቤተሰባዊ ስሜት የሚመራ መልካም አስተዳደር ያለው ሶሻሊስታዊ ስርዓተ ማህበር ለመከተል ሲቻል ብቻ ነው፡፡በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም በምእራቡ አለም ያለው እንደወረደ የምናቀነቅነውና ተግባራዊ ልናደርገው የምንፈልገው የሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚና ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ ቅኔውም ሊበራልነቱ ወይንም ልቅነቱ(Liberal) አስቀድሞውን በቂ ገንዘብ ሃይል እውቀትና እድሉ ለተመቻቸላቸው ላላቸውና የመንግስቱን መኪና ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ ለመዘወር ለሚችሉት ጥቂት ካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን ነው፡፡So the meta governing rule of the day is that the fittest, under any cost(even misery loss and impoverishment) of others, can win and survive. So there is no such a thing as the market rules or governs as is hyped through free-market economy. So there is no such a thing as free-market economy. What actually exits in reality is rigged free-market economy that is well engineered by few powerful capitalist elites.ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እስካለ ድረስ ደግሞ ብዙሃኑ ህዝብ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት ፈፅሞ አይኖረውም፡፡ስለዚህም አስቀድሞውን የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት የሌለው ህዝብ ወይንም ሰው ደግሞ ዲሞክራሲም ሆነ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት ከቶውንም ሊኖረው አይችልም፡፡ስለዚህም ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምና ዲሞክራሲ ወይንም ነፃነት ጥንቱንም አብረው አይሄዱም፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ዛሬ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ዘወትር የሚያቀነቅኑትና የሚያራግቡት ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራኖቻችንና ፖለቲከኞቻችን ከበስተጀርባ ያለውን አለም አቀፍ ስርዓትና ነባራዊ ሁኔታና እውነታ በቅጡ ለመመርመርና ለመጠየቅ ሳይፈልጉ መሆኑ እስካሁን ድረስ ጭምር ግራ ያጋባኝ ነገር እየሆነ ነው፡፡ከጥንትም ጀምሮ አስካሁን ድረስ የካፒታሊስት ልሂቃኑ በመሰረቱት የትምህርት ተቋማት ውስጥ በፖለቲካውና በኢኮኖሚው መስክ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ እያሰለጠኑ ያሉት የተማረ ሃይል በአብዛኛው የራሳቸውን ስርዓት የሚደግፍና የሚያቀነቅን ታማኝ አግልጋይ እንዲሆን አድርገው ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ዛሬ በፖለቲካውና በኢኮኖሚው መስክ የተሰማሩ ብዙዎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራን ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚና ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲን እንደወረደ አውቀውትም ይሁን ሳያውቁት እንደ አቡነ ዘ-በሰማያት ዘወትር የሚያቀነቅኑት ከዚህ በመነጨ ይመስለኛል፡፡በ Chicago School Of Economics እነ ፍሬድ ማን ኒዎ-ሊበራሊዝምን በ1970 ዎቹ እያጠመቁ ያስተማሯቸው Chicago-Boys ተቋሙን በዋናነት የመሰረቱትን የእነ ሮክ ፌለር አይነት የካፒታሊስት ልሂቃንን ፍላጎትና አላማ ለማስፈፀም ነው፡፡ብዙሃኑን ለማሳሳት ኢኮኖሚውና ፖለቲካው እንደማይገናኙ ተደርጎ ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ በአንድ በኩል በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ ተብሎ የተለያየ ዲፓርትመንት እንዳለው ተደርጎ ቢቀርብም ቅሉ ግን ሁለቱንም በአንድነት ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ ከበላይ ሆኖ የሚመራው ግን ከፍተኛው የካፒታሊስቱ ልሂቃን ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ እና ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው፡፡ስለዚህም የፖለቲካ ነፃነትና የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነትም እንደዚሁ የአንድ ሳንቲም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው፡፡ከውጪ ለታይታ ህዝብን ለማሳሳትና የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ጥፋቶችና ስህተቶች ለመከላከል ሆነኝ ተብሎ መለስ አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራት እንደሆኑ ተደርጎ ቢወራም ቅሉ ግን ወደውም ሆነ ተገደው በተግባር ግን መለስ እራሳቸው በዋናነት የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲና ፍልስፍና ዋና አራማጅ ናቸው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም መለስ እንደ መሪ የዚህ አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት ዋና ውስጥ አዋቂ ናቸው፡፡ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ምንነት ቅኔ ሲያወሩም አንዱ ከዚህ ስሜት በመነጨ መሆኑን መረዳት አለብን፡፡አለምን እርስ በርስ ካፋጀውና በዋናነት ሰለጠኑ ከሚባሉት የምእራቡ አለም ሀገራት የተነሳው የአንደኛውና የሁለተኛው የአለም ጦርነትና ዘመነ ቅኝ ግዛት ገና መቶ አመት በቅጡ ባልሞላበት ጊዜ ውስጥ ያንን አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ የወረራ የመስፋፋትና የጦርነት ታሪክ እረስቶ ደርሶ ዛሬ አለም የዲሞክራሲ ገነት እንደነበረችና ልማቱም ሆነ ስልጣኔው በዋናነት በዲሞክራሲ የመጣ እንደሆነ አድርጎ በተሳሳተ መንገድ ማቅረብም የሰውን ልጅ ታሪክ ጠንቅቆ ካለመረዳት ወይንም ከመርሳት ጭምር የሚመነጭ ነው፡፡መላው ተስፋፊው አውሮፓ ሀብት ንብረት ያፈራው እውን በዲሞክራሲ ብቻ ነበርን ወይንስ ከአፍሪካና ከታዳጊው አለም የተዘረፈው የተፈጥሮ ሀብት ዋጋ አልነበረውም?So in order to develop and accumulate wealth who necessarily needs to be democratic? And indeed to be democratic you do not necessarily need to become rich or developed. But well it is also possible to design a system in such a way that when we are more democratic then we become also more developed and vise versa as well. But such system is becoming so utopian and illusionary to be applicable in today’s tangible world and hence for me it is like If I had been an angel then … issue. I think the main contradiction is between the dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy and that of that tangible real world scenario. So Meles’s assertion that there is no direct historical relationship between democracy and development is quite correct despite the fact that it has no significant relationship with the miserable current situation in Ethiopia that he is ruling as a leader. So I agree with Meles’s assertion that there is no direct historical relationship between democracy and development despite the fact that I strongly oppose what he has been doing actually for the last 21 years and in continuum in his mercenary looting corrupt racist stooge-client regime.
    ዞሮ ዞሮ ግን አሁን በተጨባጭ ያለውን ነገር በመመርኮዝ ዲሞክራሲ ቢሰፍን ኖሮ ወይንም ዲሞክራሲ ልክ በተፈጥሮ መስፈን እንደሚችል ወይንም እንዳለበት አድርጎ በዚህ ቅድመ-ሃሳብ ወይንም Premise አስተያየትና ትንተና መስጠት ግን ልክ ከመግቢያዬ እኔ መልአክ ብሆን ኖሮ ብሎ ሌላ ተያያዥ ነገር እንደማሰብ ነው የምቆጥረው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ባብዛኛው እያወራን ያለነው ዲሞክራሲ ልክ በምናባችን በሳልነው (The dream of Democracy in its illusion and fantasy) ባለ አይነት ነገር እንዳይሆን በጣሙን እፈራለሁኝ፡፡ስለዚህም ከዚህ በቅጡ ባልገባን ነገር ከምንነታረክ ይልቅ በእጃችን ባለው የኢትዮጵያዊነት እሴቶቻችን(Intrinsic virtues and Values) ላይ ተመርኩዘን በጥሞና ብንነጋገርና እንደዚሁም ከዚህ አይነት ከምናራግበው የምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲ ይልቅ ቤተሰባዊ ስሜት ስላለው መልካም አስተዳር ለመነጋገር ስነ-ልቦናችን ባህላችንና ከምንም በላይ ደግሞ የቆየው ነባር ሃይማኖታችን ትልቅ መሰረት በሆነን ነበር፡፡በእርግጥ ከልክ በላይ እየተራገበ ያለው የዲሞክራሲ ተረት-ተረት ጋር በተያያዘ ያለው ይህ አይነት ፍልስፍናና በተያያዥ ያለው እንቅስቃሴ የጥቂቱ ምሁራዊ ልሂቃን አጀንዳ ነው፡፡ከዚያ ውጪ ግን ምስኪኑ የተቀረው ድሃው ኢትዮጵያዊ ግን እየተራገበ ካለው የዲሞክራሲ ተረት- ተረት ይልቅ ከእንደ መለስ/ወያኔ አይነት አረመኔ ዘረኛ ቅጥረኛ ዘራፊ አገዛዝ ተላቆ የኢትዮጵያዊነት የዜግነትና የስብእና ክብሩንና ነፃነቱን ጠብቆለት የተረጋጋ ሰላማዊ ህይወትን የሚያጎናፈው መልካም አስተደድርን የሚናፍቅ ነው፡፡በእርግጥ እንደ ባለፉት 21 ዓመታት እይታ ከሆነ አሁን እየተራገበ ያለው የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲና ከዚህም ጋር በተያያዘ ያለው የፓርቲ ፖለቲካ እንቅስቃሴ በእርግጥ ጥቂት ለማይባለው ፖለቲከኛና ምሁር በራሱ ከተቻለ ጥሩ ስልጣንና ጥቅም ይህም ባይሆን እንኳን በተያያዥ ያለ ስራና የገቢ ምንጭ የሚፈጥር ነገር ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡ነገር ግን ለብዙሃኑ ህዝብ ብዙም የፈየደው ነገር የለም፡፡ገንዘብ አለምን እየገዛ ባለበት በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ፖለቲካ በራሱ የነፍስ ጥያቄ መሆኑ ቀርቶ ከሆድ የሚወጣ የሆድ ነገር እየሆነ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ስለ ዲሞክራሲ እንደ በቀቀን የሚለፈልፉ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን መጀመሪያ በራሳቸው የመንፈስ ልእልና የተጎናፀፉና በራሳቸው ለራሳቸው መጀመሪያ ከግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የገንዘብ ባርነት ነፃ የሆኑ መሆን ይጠበቅባቸዋል፡፡አስቀድሞውን እራሱ ነፃ ያልሆነ ፖለቲከኛ ሌላውን ብዙሃኑን ነፃ ሊያወጣ አይችልም፡፡
    አንዱ ከራሱ አልፎ ለሌላው ነፃነት እንዲታገል የሚያደርገውስ ነገር ወይንም ጥልቅ እሴት በራሱ ከምን የመነጨ እንደሆነ ቀድሞውንስ መቼ በቅጡ ግልፅ ሆነና ነው፡፡ነፃ እናወጣችኋለን ያሉንም ወያኔዎችም እኮ ዛሬ በእኛ ተንጠላጥለው ነፃ እየወጡብን ነው፡፡ይቅርታ ይደረግልኝና ከዚህ በኋላ እንደ በቀቀን እንደወረደ ዲሞክራሲ ዲሞክራሲ እያለ የሚያላዝን ኢትዮጵያዊ ምሁርና ፖለቲከኛ እየሰለቸኝ ነው፡፡
    ወደድንም ጠላንም ዛሬ ሀገሪቱ በመለስ/ወያኔ ዘረኛነትና ቅጥረኝነት አማካኝነት የእጅ አዙር ዘመናዊ ቅኝ ግዛት ውስጥ ነው ያለችው፡፡እናም ደርሶ ሰይጣን ላመሉ ቅዱስ መፅሀፍ ይጠቅሳል እንዲሉ መለስ ስለ ዲሞክራሲና ልማት በተመሳሳይ ጥቅስ ስላወራ ይህንን ይዘን ከልክ በላይ እያራገብን መለስ እንዲህ አለ ብሎ ከንቱ ምሁራዊ ትንተና መስጠት አጉል ጅልነት ሲዘልም ምሁራዊ ደደብነት (Intellectual Ignorance) ይመስለኛል፡፡I do not understand why we even take it seriously that much till now.ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ለማውራትም ሆነ በዲሞክራሲ ለማመን የግድ ዲሞክራት መሆን አያስፈልግም፡፡ሰይጣንም እኮ በፈጣሪው ያምናል ነገር ግን ስራው ሁል ጊዜ መጥፎና እኩይ ነው እንጂ፡፡ስለዚህም መለስም ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ጥሩነት አብጥርጥረው ያውቃሉ ያምናሉ ነገር ግን ዲሞክራት ስላልሆኑ ዲሞክራሲን ሊሰጡን አይችሉም፡፡ዲሞክራሲንም ያልሰጡን አንድም እሳቸው ዲሞክራት ስላልሆኑ ወይንም/እና እኛም ደግሞ ዲሞክራሲ ስለማይገባን ወይንም/እና ስለማያስፈልገን ሊሆን ይችላል፡፡የመረረው እውነታ ግን መለስ ዳቦንም ሆነ ፊት የነበረንን የኢትዮጵያዊነት ክብርን ጭምር በሃይለኛው ነፍገውን እየገዙን መሆናቸው ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያ በዚህ ወሳኝ ወቅት ከዚህ ዘረኛ ቅጥረኛና ዘራፊ ዘመናዊ የእጅ አዙር ቅኝ አገዛዝ መዳፍ ስር ለመላቀቅ ይበልጥ የሚያስፈልጋት የእኛ አይነት ከንቱ ምሁራዊ ትንተናና ፍልስፍና ሳይሆን ቆራጥ ቀናኢና ልባም ወታደርና ዜጋ ነው፡፡ይህንን መሆን ከቻልን እንሁን ካልቻንም መቼም ሃጢያት አይደለም ነገር ግን ከተጨባጩ እውነታ ጋር አግባብነት ያለው ወቅታዊ ትንተና እንስጥ ያለበለዚም ዝም ማለት ይቻላል፡፡በስተመጨረሻም ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም በራሱ ለአለም ህዝቦች በቂ ዳቦንም ሆነ ዲሞክራሲን ለመስጠት ያልቻለ አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት እየሆነ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም መለስን ብቻ ማውገዝ አህያውን ፈርቶ ዳውላውን አይነት ጭምር እየሆነብኝ ነው፡፡እንደ መለስ አይነት አረመኔና ቅጥረኛ አገዛዞች ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የራሱ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲ አገልጋዮች እንደሆኑ የአደባባይ ሚስጥር ነው፡፡ኢትዮጵያዊ ገበሬ ከመሬቱ እንደ መጤ ሰው እየተፈናቀለና እየተሰደደ በምትኩ ዶላር በሳምሶናይት ይዞ ለመጣ ባእድ ሰው መሬት በርካሽ የሚቸበቸብለትም አለም አቀፍ ኢንቨስተር ተብዬም ያው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓት ሰንሰለት (Food-chain) ወይንም አካል ነው፡፡ነገሩ በዚህ ከቀጠለ ደግሞ ዲሞክራሲን ብቻ አይደለም ዳቦ ማጣታችንም ተባብሶ ይቀጥላል፡፡ኢትዮጵያዊ ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ሆይ ይህንን በታሪክ ታይቶ ያልታወቀ ይህ አይነት የመለስ/ወያኔን አረመኔያዊ የቅጥረኛነት የዘራፊነት የዘረኛነት የዘመናዊ የእጅ አዙር ቅኝ አገዛዝና የፈጠረውን ይህን አይነት አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ አጣቃላይ ማህበራዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊነ ፖለቲካዊ ምስቅልቅልና ቀውስ ለኢትዮጵያዊ ገበሬና ለድሃው ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እውን በዘመኑ ያለው አይነት የዲሞክራሲ ዘይቤና ቋንቋ እንዴት ብለን ነው የምናስረዳው እረ?እውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ሆይ የዲሞክራሲ መብትህ በመለስ ወያኔ ተገፈፈ ብንለው እውን በተግባር እየደረሰበት ካለው ከዚህ በፊት ካልነበረ መከራ ጋር ተዛምዶለት ይህንን ይረዳን ያምነን ይሆንን?ነው ወይነስ እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራኖች ዛሬ ስለዲሞክራሲ እያወራን ያለነው ለራሳችን በራሳችን በሚገባን አካሄድና የህይወት ዘይቤ ለራሳችን በሚመቸን አካሄድ ነውን?እንደዚሁም ዲሞክራሲን እየጠየቅንና እያራገብን ያለነው ለራሳችን በሚመቸን አካሄድ ነው ወይንስ ለብዙሃኑ ኢትዮጵያዊ ወገናችን በሚመች አካሄድ?እኔ የመለሰ/ወያኔን አገዛዝ እየታገልኩኝና እየተቃወምኩኝ ያለሁት የምራቡን አለም አይነት የዘመኑን የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲን ስላላሰፈነ ወይንም የፕሬስ ነፃነት ስለገደበ ፈፅሞ አይደለም፡፡እኔ እየተቃወምኩኝና እየታገልኩኝ ያለሁት መለስ/ወያኔ በታሪክ ታይቶና ተሰምቶ ያልታወቀ ፈፅሞ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነትና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያውያን የሆነ የረቀቀና የተቀነባበረ የጥፋት አጀንዳ በዋናነት ላባእዳን ሃይሎች ፍላጎትና አላማ ሲባል በእነሱ እየተረዳ በቅጥረኝነት ስለሚያራምድ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ይህ የመረረ እውነታ ባለበት ሁኔታ ውስጥ የመለስን የአንድ ወቅት ንግግር ይዞ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ መፈላሰፍም ሆነ ማውራት ለእኔ ብዙም ስሜት አይሰጠኝም፡፡ምናልባትም የተዘበራረቀ ስሜትንና አመለካከትን የሚፈጥር ሆኖ እያነቡ እስክስታ ለምዷል ትከሻዬ አይነት ወይንም በቀለጠው የጦር ሜዳ ግንባር ሙዚቃ እየተዝናኑ ለማድመጥ የመፈለግ አይነት ነው የሚሆንብኝ፡፡የኢትዮጵያና የኢትዮጵያዊነት መሰረት ከሌለ ደግሞ ዲሞክራሲም ያን ያህል ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ባለው መንገድ ሊኖር አይችልም፡፡ስዘሊህም ሌላውን ልዩነታችንን ሁሉ አክብረንና ለጊዜው ወደ ጎን ትተን ከዲሞክራሲ በፊት ቅድሚያ ትርጉምና ፋይዳ ያለውን ታሪካዊውን ኢትዮጵያንና ኢትዮጵያዊነትን ተረባርበን በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ በመለስ/ወያኔ እና በባእዳን ሃይሎች ከተደገሰው ጥፋት እናድን፡፡የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብንም ለዲሞክራሲ ተነሳ ከማለት ይልቅ ሀገርህን ከመበታተንና ከጥፋት አድን ማለት ነው የበለጠ ትርጉምና ስሜት የሚሰጠው፡፡

    God Bless Ethiopia !!!

  13. ጉረኞች
    | #13

    Take care of yourself. It looks like you are lifting a heavy weight on your back.

    G7 should be accountable to its promise. It cannot change its tune in the middle of the game and takes credit for individual activists actions as the best it can do. Besides, it shouldn’t take the credit it doesn’t deserve. My comment speaks not only to waging wars but also to any tangible organizational actions G7 took so far different from other similar organizations. Ephrem Madebo has been writing before he is still writing now, that does not impress me at this critical time when more actions are needed.

  14. Dawi
    | #14

    Long live Ethio said:

    [[ country to look at what ethnic politics can do to a country– the former Yugoslavia...]]

    You have it wrong. Actually the reverse of what you are saying is true. “Democracy” is what created “ethnic leansing”.

    Ethnic politics started after Yugoslavia adapted so called “democracy” too early and the “ethnic pimps” took advantage of it. Remember Dictator Tito died in 1980 and the war began in 1991.

    That is why it foolish to overthrow a developmental Dictator like Meles before opposition has cleaned house of “ethnic pimps”. We absolutely don’t have a guarantee our opposition won’t repeat Yugoslavia by looking at the way they are acting today. So in this case Development before freedom in general is probably a wise thing for us. The Meles Dictatorship has a national developmental vision today albeit authoritarian.

  15. aha!
    | #15

    Niguse has touched a cord. Since after the 2005 election, and the split of CUD, the opposition polictics has been a mixed bag, with the further split of k-5 and KILL-6 into peacefull struggle of UDJP, which later formed a coalition with loyalisit (ethnic federalist) opposition parties with ethnic agenda and armed struggle of Ginbot 7, courting OLF into the coalition(timret) ALJE (Timret)+OLF (non-secessionist and disarmed aligned with OPDF/EFDF/fdre with ethnic agenda) engaged in armed struggle for freedom and democracy and yet leaning towards maintaining ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism in tact from the TPLF eprdf regime in as much as TPLF/eprdf reime carried over the totaliarinism aspect of the Derg regime. As gurenogh indicated they ideolougues based on ethnic feredralism, secessionism and totaliarinism. Between the lines in their interview like Andargachew Tisgue for example indicates his support from the begining upto now, “Yekillil Mengistat Ikkulenet mebit mekeber”, and others either go about this route and/or reinforce/confirm ethnic federalism by saying “we have no problem with ethnic federalism, but we do not want them (TPLF) to dictate over us while seeking respect of ethnic rights, human right and democracy as their main objectives. With the coalition of the this parties with UDJP as OPDF/EFDF/fdre the ethnic agenda is the core platform as with TPLF/eprdf regime, until they abandon ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism as the main operating system, built into the constituion. Similar kind of question may be posed to ALJE (Timret) not a merger with OLF on their stand about the constituion, in order to engage the TPLF/eprdf regime with the goals for unity, territorial integrity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to supecede ethnic and secessionist rights in order to form a democratic rather ethnocratic government ( a government of the people by the people for the people) minority or majority ethnic group. These three ideologies, coupled with non-independent branches of government to enhance fair and free election, fair judicial proceddings, and enforcing freedom of the press, etc., also deny individual freeom, liberty and equality ahead of ethnic and secessionist rights), hinders private ownership of land and proprties and businesses as well as free market capitalism infavor of its totaliarinism with with a twist of State capitalism to the silent majority of Ethiopians, while those conditions are favourable to TPLF and TPLF affilated enterprises, forign corporations and multi-national corporations making African Countries market out let for their seeds, fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides for small farm holdings and the agrobusinesses.

    In retrospect the pro democracy movement since the split of CUD, was best with “No change but durable democracy” in a country according Prof Seid Hassen, the economic model TPLF/eprdf regime follows was State Capitalism in East Asian Style, where economic development comes before democracy and simultaneously when they have been informed by US Ambasador to Ethiopia, that “democracy in Ethiopia is a work in progress”. Now this article contends the relationship of democracy and economic development, when the actual target shoul have been a change of govenment, rather than democracy, by dismantling ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism and returning to old provincial boundries with assorted ethnic groups in each of the provinces as federated states, rather than Oromia govenment/Killil Mengistat, a fantci-land of ill defined boundries, a prelude to secessionism and future boundry conflicts. You will understand the impact of appartheid system of governance, a divide and rule policy, granting ethnic and secessionist rights to the exclusion of individual rights, and undermining Ethiopian Nationalism and the sovereignity of Ethiopia and disintegration of Ethiopia in due course despite the reslience of the silent majority of Ethiopians to live in harmoney with people of different religion and different ethnic groups. That is where the rubber meets the road but not about semantics about the relationship between democracy and economic development with “shared ownership” of the countries resources, own land, proprerties and business anywhere in Ethiopia, that is now available to TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations.

  16. aha!
    | #16

    Add to that the remark by “Long Live Ethiopia” about the expolitation, political and economical strangle hold of the country’s resources and its people by TPLF and TPLF affilaiated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations, much like the Dutch Boers of the then South Africa, under self rule and separate development.

  17. Dawi
    | #17

    Aha said:

    [[..the coalition of the this parties with UDJP as OPDF/EFDF/fdre the ethnic agenda is the core platform as with TPLF/eprdf regime….. Similar kind of question may be posed to ALJE (Timret) not a merger with OLF on their stand ..]]

    Aha – It is difficult to bypass the existing ethnic federation altogether; so who ever is coming is doing their best to work through it.

    Economic Development will break most of the causes of Ethnic conflicts. It is obvious some of the conflicts as in Tsegede/Azeb (annexation by Tigrai) is done for economic reasons otherwise they are same people and one country. Azeb can claim either nationality as her own so she will not intentionally hurt any of them if everything is equal. Correct?

    When economic development brings all Ethiopians to middle income, that process alone will have moved millions of people all over the country and the ethnic enclaves or the territorial interest of groups will be less and less to the point irrelevancy. All things shall be negotiated peacefully.

    Ethiopian nationalism/Ethiopiawinet shall flourish & become the order of the day.

  18. ጉረኞች
    | #18

    “Economic Development will break most of the causes of Ethnic conflicts.”
    To the contrary,
    “The findings suggest that fundamental freedoms are paramount in explaining long-term economic growth. Countries that favor free choice – economic freedom and civil and political liberties – over entitlement rights are likely to achieve higher sustainable economic growth and to achieve many of the distinctive proximate characteristics of success identified by the Commission on Growth and Development (World Bank, 2008). In contrast, pursuing entitlement rights through greater coercion by the state is likely to be self-defeating in the long run. The report also includes findings on the positive relationship between increases in economic freedom and improvements in women’s well-being.”

  19. abebe
    | #19

    ጉረኞች :

    Are you telling me Ephrem is the same as G7? iS Ephrem = Ps answer this question and then we proceed. Every time he writes an article I see the name G7 on the comments. It upsets me because i know Ephrem is not writing for G7 and his wrting is not on the G7 site. He is serving the public and we must appreciate that instead of associting his name always with G7. I myslef didn’t like when he joned G7 because I always beleived the leader oF G7 broke Kinjit appart. But I always appreciated his contribution to readers and he is one of the few wrtiters who writes in excellent English and excellent content. It takes much time to do this and he is givnig us his time for free. Ps give thanks when it is due

  20. aha!
    | #20

    Dawi! Thanks but no thanks on your suggestion, using economic development as a panacia for reducing ethnic conflicts as you put it, perhaps diminishing/dismantling ethnic federalism, secessionism by way ratifying the constitution, and reinstating press freedom and putting center stage individual freedom, liberty and equality to supercede ethnic and secessionist rights, can not be negotiated between the coalitions namely OPDF/EFDF/fdre and ALJE (Timret)+ OLF (non-secessionist or secessionists both of which have ethnic agenda on their platform with those with national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity, of Ethiopia and Ethiopians. These two forces with their ethnic agenda indirectly support ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, ideologies of the ex-libration fronts dead set against the oppression of nationans and nationalities spearheaded by TPLF, is the governing faction for the last 21 years. It sounds like the present configuration before the 2010 election is TPLF/eprdf from inside and OPDF/EFDF/fdre and ALJE (Timret) +OlF (non-secessionists) from outside, after the 2010 election debacle, and those on the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians on the opposite end of the spectrum of the two above, which depicts the balance of forces between the negative forces of disintegration and the positive forces of integration. Even thogh the ones in the middle are straddling between two fences, it boils down to the balance tipping towards the TPLF/eprdf regime, as long the ones in the middle directly/indirectly support ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, as the major cause to the lack of individual freedom, liberty and equality, to the lack of non-independent branches of government, to the lack of press freedom, to the absence of private ownership ownership of land properties and busisness for the silent majority of Ethiopians that are living under abject poverty and democracy to the silent majority of Ethiopians, except the TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations.

    Are you telling us that these conditions will be resolved via economic development creating huge middle class under totaliarinism with a twist of state capitalism in concert of the private sectors coming out of TPLF and TPLF affiliated emteprises, cadres and foreign corporations. Is a revival of colonialist era and or/ex South African Appartheid system continuum or what.

    As far as the subsidiary issue you raised out of context about Wolkait/Tsegede of the annexation into Tgrai does not fall into territorial integrity, unless you want to imply the territorial integrity of the Amhara Killil Mengistat/Amhara Government as the Oromia Killil Mengistat would like to identify itself in the PBS documentary about the olympic runners from Arsi Bekoji as from Oromia Government, when they could have been identified as coming from the Arsi province Ethiopia, without the fan fare of this Oromia fantaci-land of ill defined boundries subject to secessionism and futre boundry conflicts from all sides.

    So, I tell you, that there is no dialogue, nor economic development, nor wishfull thinking it will go away that resolves these dilima, except for all opposition factions to coalesce around the common goals for unity, territorial inegrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, wherby if the individual rights are respected the group rights follow through, but not vice versa.

  21. abebe
    | #21

    Mr. Editor,

    Please do not allow a comment that is more than the article. One of the comments is looks like a book-ps limit commnts to just 4500 characters

  22. aha!
    | #22

    I give Girum a favorable grade for his independent thinking, trying to develop a theory as to the cause for humanitarian, economic, political crises in Ethiopia, perpetrated by TPLF/eprdf regime, by assigning the blame on Global Capitalism and now Global Governance, which in the past known as Imperialism by Socialist revolutionaries, which to me leaves the TPLF/eprdf regime unscathed for its ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism built into the constitution as the core issues to contend with repect to individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, free market capitalism and democracy. He also lashes on the newly created pro-democracy movements, the elites as being obsessed with deomocray, and as it relates to this article. I always had the notion that he would present his theory in a separate article, if Ethiomedia accepts it for individuals to comment upon his theory. How ever, in this commentary, he assigns the blame to the current leadership of the TPLF/eprdf regime, a coalition of ex-liberation fronts and newly formed coalition of OPDF/EFDF/fdre as its mirror image.

    In the past I criticised borders on as being a cover up for TPLF/eprdf regime using Global Capitalism and now Global Governance. Now in this commentary I share some aspect of his theory on Global Capitalism, which in avoidable world order, on his view that the multi national corporations as dumping ground for their products leaving the African countries to produce and export raw materials. TPLF/eprdf regime with its TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations has created private sectors to produce these raw materials in the form of mechanized farming for export. Such scenario not only disposes the inhabitants of the regions, but also deprives the capacity of Ethiopians to create their own private farming sector (medium and small farm holdings) through the proper transfer of technology from the developed nations based upon the existing research, extention and soil and water reouces conservation agnecies in Ethiopia.

    As regards Global Governance, he may have a point there two, but again puts the blame on the developed nations upon which the current regime is in life support for it to function under its tight control of the silent majority of Ethiopians at the gun point to implement its ideologies of ethnic federalism secessionism and totaliarinism with a twist of State Capitalism, hindering free market capitalism, democracy and most of all individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, and yet these ideologies are supported directly by the teletafi (ethnic fedrealist) and indirectely by the loyalist (ethnic fedralist) parties has been illusive to Girum.

  23. ጉረኞች
    | #23

    I agree that Ephrem could have personal views that may not necessarily represent G7. But he is in leadership position and I assume he has been involved in making several decisions. I also agree that he has made a lot of contributions and has made compelling arguments what is best for Ethiopia before G7 came into picture. I’ve no doubt that he is a proud Ethiopian too. However, I’m also in an opinion the path he recently seems to take for securing the integrity of Ethiopia and protecting the rights of all Ethiopians via the inalienable individual rights, at best is not clear, at worst misguided. He seems to not vehemently oppose the woyane demarcated ethnic/language based administrative structure, which has potential to disintegrate Ethiopia along the ethnic lines if conflict prevailed. Similarly, he seems not to oppose the woyane’s constitution that declares Ethiopia belongs to ethnic groups rather than individual Ethiopians living within it. One can have a strong suspicion he might have changed his position or he deliberately kept it fuzzy before. Look at the basis of the agreement G7 made with the faction of OLF. To tell you frankly, from various speeches and interviews the two groups made so far, in my opinion, the vision of Kemal Gelchu is much more clear and credible and is very close to the visions of majority of Ethiopians who want to see Ethiopia free of any ethnic hegemony or even ethnic based politics. Given one leg of G7 is in Eritrea, how would one trust the position of G7 when the top echelon Andargachew plead for Ethiopians not to use the word አንድነት anymore!! (interview in EthSAT). Ephrem is in the mix of such kinds of shoddy characters, he should be scrutinized very closely until we see dramatic change. Although it seems very contradictory in my part, I believe G7 has done a good job of bringing Kemal Gelchu’s faction to the side of pan Ethiopians. It is good for Ethiopia.

  24. Dawi
    | #24

    aha said:

    [[..Are you telling us that these conditions will be resolved via economic development creating huge middle class under totaliarinism with a twist of state capitalism in concert of the private sectors coming out of TPLF and TPLF affiliated emteprises, cadres and foreign corporations. Is a revival of colonialist era and or/ex South African Appartheid system continuum or what...]]

    Exactly! That was what I was thinking.

    It may look similar to Colonialism & South African Apartheid but that is only on the surface. The Meles Dictatorship is a native phenomena and the Dictator himself is a multi-national origin. TPLF is only the vehicle that brought him to power in my opinion. He may have some limited loyalty to TPLFites for bringing him to power but his dream has to be the greater Ethiopia national if not regional and beyond.

    You don’t dedicate your life to the extent he did studying developmental economics to remain local. No way!

    In order to succeed he has to attract and employ the best and the brightest around the nation and while doing that, transforms itself (EPRDF) to a true national authoritarian government of the multi ethnic type similar to the “Asian Tiger” countries.

    Having said that, such Economic Transformation shall overcome the inequalities that exist today among groups and therefore, a lot of our ethnic conflicts will be resolved for ever.

  25. aha!
    | #25

    Dawi! As the cliche and/or syllogism goes,”If quacks like a duck, swimms like a duck, appearslike a duck; it is a duck. So is is the impending scenario by the internal invaders of ex-liberation fronts, spearheaded by TPLF that created ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalirinism as a carry over the the nationalist Dergue regime and put a twist on it to State Capitalism in East Asian style along with exploitation, political and economic strangle hold of the countries resources and its people along with foreign corporations as private sectors participating in the economic development, while the silent majority of Ethiopians are subjected to abject poverty, famine, inflation, and natural disasters.

    Without the silent majority participating in in the free market capitalism, with out private ownership of land, properties and businesses and availability of capital, the only private sectors that are available for economic development are mostley TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises, how would it not like the Duth Boers of the then South Africa or the Italians had they continued to rule Ethiopia as they did in Eritrea leaving the indigineous population with fourth grade education. While the evidence points otherwise, I do not see the panacia of economic development as a resolution for ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliiarinism or as you put it “economic transformation shall overcome the inequalities that exist today among (ethnic) groups and therfore, a lot of our ethnic conflicts will be resolved for ever”, where the premise is not supported/does not agree with the conclusion. Most of all Ethiopians aspire for economic freedom be it with taxation and/or land reform and political freedom by defending their country from foreign invaders fighting for the flag, religion and country to maintain Ethiopian unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians and continue to follow the same goals with strategies in a non-violent uprising to freedom to have a share of the pie of the economic development by dismantling ethnic federalism and secessionism and totaliarinism, a hall mark of totalirian regime with a divide and rule policy of autocratic and ethnocratic minority rule now and majority ethnocratic rule in the future.

  26. Dawi
    | #26


    {{..where the premise is not supported/does not agree with the conclusion…}}

    Let us not be stucked on “premise”, the “China model” is not the old Mao Zedong communist program; that is gone in China itself my Friend. So what ever TPLF was (Maoist/Hoxa, narrow nationalist or something) is gone today. My assertion is, as in what you see in China today tomorrow’s Ethiopia is going to be better living standard for the masses.

    We are talking about business making profit by walking hand in hand with government.

    China outperforms the average country in its income class on most major indicators of human rights and well-being, with the notable exception of civil and political rights.

    Why can’t we do same? It becomes even more fascinating if as Meles promised, adds “Democracy” in the mix.

  27. aha!
    | #27

    Dawi! I never mentioned that China nor Ethiopia are stuck with the original Command Control type of economic model, where both follow State Capitalism, with Ethiopia following totaliarinism with a twist of State Capitaism. What has been said was perhaps that Ethiopia follows economic development model in the East Asian style, with the mantra of economic development before democracy, where the TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations are in the drivers seat under ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, which hinders individual freedom, liberty and equality, free market capitalism with ownership of land, and businesses as means of production and democracy
    as a mechanism to form a government by the people, of the people and for the people to the silent majority of Ethiopians subjected to abject poverty, hyper inflation, natural disasters, high unemployment and mediocre educational system with 90% of the fund coming from the western donor nations according to Dr. Moyo and IMF funds in comparison to China, where the funding is self-contained and manufacturing and information technological services are being outsourced into China by multi-national corporations. Whereas Ethiopia and other African countries are being used as market outlets for goods produced by multi-national corporations in terms of seeds, fertilizers, etc. and land leased to foreign corporations to produce cash and food crops for export to their respective countries and beyond, making Ethiopia and other African countries exporters of raw products, without the participation of Ethiopians in a free market capitalism to transofrm into agro-business model from subsistence farming model and yet debt ridden with seeds and fertilzers.

  28. aha!
    | #28

    ctd. It has been a predicament, when can afford to be free from multi-national corporations and local TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises in terms of seeds and fertilizers, by developing varieties of frost drought and disease resistant varieties from the indigeneous species, establish seed production stations of certified seeds that enterpreneurs sell to farmers for cash or credit. Simultaneously adopt the technologies of soil and water conservation and tillage practices, in a companion cropping system with little or no fertilizers in an ecosystem management approach via the funding from Bill Gates and other donations combined, commensurate with a democratic rule and democratic government, without which you do not have sound economic, human and political developments.

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