Elitism and Authoritarianism: A Rejoinder to Tesfaye Demmellash Messay Kebede

July 6th, 2012 Print Print Email Email

One of the reasons that prompts me to post this reply to Tesfaye Demmellash’s interesting article, “Toward Ethiopia’s Democratic Renewal: Dismantling Authoritarian Ethnicism” (see http://www.awrambatimes.com/?p=1736), is that the article he wrote in 1984, and which was published by Monthly Review under the title “On Marxism and Ethiopian Student Radicalism in North America,” was inspirational for my own study of the Ethiopian student movement. Since my study culminated in the publication of a book titled Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, I reasoned that one way of recognizing my debt was to make public my reactions to his article.

Let me begin by saying that I like the new article and agree with some of its views. Thus, I concur that the fixation on ethnic conflicts and its historical causes has become paralyzing to the extent of blocking forward movement. Also, the rejection of Meles regime in the name of what Tesfaye rightly call “defensive patriotic position” is not enough. The framing of an alternative vision that marries unity with equality and freedom for all Ethiopians and ethnic identities should be an essential component of the struggle against ethnonationalism and the hegemony of an ethnic group.

Where Tesfaye’s article becomes intriguing is when he raises two questions related to the rise of a brand of radicalism unintended by the Ethiopian student movement. While the latter incorporated the nationality question into the framework of class struggle, the TPLF went in the direction of “radical tribalism.” Tesfaye pins the deviation on the adoption of the Leninist-Stalinist doctrine. Tesfaye’s second question has to do with the contradictory outcome of the ideology of the TPLF, namely, that a movement born to protest against ethnic hegemony ended up by implementing the same hegemonic policy.
I break rank with Tesfaye when I ask the question of knowing whether it is sound to characterize the deviation and the contradiction as unintended developments of the student movement. That is why his appeal to “get over history” seems to me a bit hasty. Yes, we should leave the past as past, but only after we have understood it properly. The irony here is that we cannot get over past history unless we have a clear grasp of it. So long as we do not understand it, it will stick to us as an unconscious force, the very one reducing our attempt to change to be nothing more than a repetition of the past.

What this means is that the TPLF is a product of the radicalism of the student movement, and that the crucial issue is not so much its particular nature as the primary adoption by the pioneering movement, to wit, the Ethiopian student movement, of a radical and imported ideology. The shift from class struggle to ethnonationalism is not hard to understand if, going beyond the paraded goal of liberating the oppressed working people or ethnic groups, we grasp what they have in common.

I see no better way to point out the common inspiration than to agree with Tesfaye when, in his 1984 article, he typifies the student movement by its “over-eagerness to be a protagonist in revolutionary struggle on behalf of the masses rather than with them.” The categorization reveals the elitist inspiration of the student movement, the self-definition of the educated elite as a savior that brings change to the masses from above. We find the root of authoritarianism in this messianic vocation of the educated elite, since liberation from above never promotes a democratic outcome enabling the masses to acquire those rights necessary to defend their own interests.

The goal of achieving political ascendency through the control of state power and in the name of the downtrodden masses constitutes the substance of class struggle politics and ethnonationalism. In both cases, elites utilize highly populist and mobilizing ideologies to unseat entrenched rival elites. In effect, the source of ethnonationalist movements in Ethiopia is not the recently conquered southern part of the country, but the northern part of traditional Ethiopia characterized by the age-old rivalries between Amhara, Tigrean, and Eritrean elites. It springs to mind that scarcity of resources or underdevelopment drives elites toward an absolutist control the state, given that such a control allows the marginalization of competing elites.

The mismanagement of class mobilization by the Derg largely explains the final triumph of ethnonationalist movements in Tigray and Eritrea. Even so, the fact that both ethnonationalist movements installed authoritarian and repressive governments is neither an accident nor a deviation. It is a continuation of the inherited practice of empowering elites rather than the people under the guise of elites defining themselves as the champions of the exploited masses or suppressed nationalities. In other words, from Haile Selassie to the TPLF via the Derg, Ethiopia exhibits the same boring, but alas tragic, history of elites seizing power in the name of people reduced to the level of a tutee. These regimes are best characterized as colonial rules by indigenous elites.
The alternative vision that the article calls for cannot come about so long as we do not recognize that modern Ethiopian politics was, and still is, driven by elite conflicts. The working people as well as ethnic groups have been nothing more than instruments in the struggle of various elites for political supremacy, and this refers to the aristocracy and the military elite of the imperial regime, the Western-educated elite, the ethnicized elite groups, etc. How else could one explain the utterly disconcerting fact that, despite the various “changes” that Ethiopia has gone through, the working people as well as ethnic groups are as devoid of meaningful rights as they were under the “feudal regime”?

In blaming elite politics, I am not suggesting that elite conflicts should be excluded from politics, which would be to deny that politics itself is essentially about elites. It simply means that the struggle should be less about empowering new elites than of arming ordinary people with rights protecting them from elite hegemony or absolutism, regardless of the alluring ideologies by which authoritarianism is justified. As is the case in all working electoral democracies, only when ordinary people assume the right to become the arbitrator of elite conflicts instead of being a supplicant of elites can Ethiopians liberate themselves from the recurring nightmare of authoritarian and repressive governments.

  1. akky
    | #1

    In a backward society like Ethiopia where people have little chance of working together in big factories in big metropolis (SIMILAR TO THE WESTERN WORLD), there is always some kind of bigottry and ethnic rivalry.People have little knowledge about other places and peoples, outside their ethnic boundary.

    In the western industrialised world, people from all walks of life live in big cities and hence they work together in big factories and offices , creating an atmosphere for common understnding and a sense of belonging to a common culture and identity.

    The development of a society therefore determines how it looks at other peoples and cultures. A back ward society is a breeding ground for division, hatred, poverty, hunger and violence especially if it is manipulated by the elite in that particular group of the society.

  2. Workamaw
    | #2

    As usual clear and wonderful. Thank you prof! It is only when the rights of the individual, and thereby the rights of the mass, are respected that we will liberate ourselves from the mess we find our selves in. In other words, no other than liberal democracy will break the cycle of hegemonic and elitist politics, which aims at empowering a particular elite group at any given time in the name of liberation of the mass. The trend of the current Ethiopian politics is following the same authoritarian approach as the previous several regimes. This has especially become much clearer after the 2005 election than ever before. Yes, any struggle to bring about an end to this cycle should be geared with this in mind. Would Kinjit be able to bring about this change if it were given power through a genuine election? Would any other currently active political group do this? We can’t help it but doubt. It seems then we need a national consensus on how to come to terms with the the seemingly repetitive elitist politics.

  3. aha!
    | #3

    Although I was waiting to comment upon Tesfaye’s article on “Dismantling autoritarian ethnicism”, now I am bound to use use this article to hit two birds with one stone, however constructively. Both of them invoke ethnicism as their narratives, without any mention of secessionism and totaliarinism, where I have been using ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism as the main ideologies built into the constitution, hindering individual freedom, liberty and equality, having precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, hindering free market capitalism and/or mixed economy and democracy to the silent majority of Ethiopians, the tax payers as the major concern for any body’s narratives. Neither the premises, the argumentave positions nor the narratives meet head on with with the the three ideologies and therefore seek a ratification of the constitution with respect to the trhee ideologies in order to bring about individual freedom, liberty and equality as the bases for a democratic society and a democratic government, free of ethnocratic rule majority or minority ethnic rule. Thus leaving out any one of the three ideologies, but talking about autoriaritarinism and ethnicism aline do not not account for the major changes needed in a regime beset with ethnic and secessionist politics and /or policies with a carry over of totalirianism with a twist of state capipitalism in East Asian style and alowing the exploitation of country’s resources by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations, but also making Ethiopia a dumping ground for seeds and fertilisers, etc, making Ethiopia a producer of raw materials/commodities and any private ownership of land, and businesses.

    The precedence to to the prevalent conditions arise from the student movent speaer headed by Spear headed by TPLF of the liberation movement against oppression of nations and nationalities by the previous regimes, not class struggle you try mix up the two together. And this movemet has culiminated into the creation of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, that now rule the country by ex-liberation movements, secessionism and totaliarinism as the main frame work of the constitution.

    The implications of each one of these is appraent in mode of governance with a divide and rule policy, demarcating Ethiopian land mass by major ethnic groups i.e seven, not eithgty, rather than staying with original provincial boundries, and creating self-rule and separate developement like the previous South Africa, and denying Ethiopians the shared ownership of land naywhere in Ethioiopia, and expelling the Amahra ethnic group from the other regions and creating a prelude to secession and future boundry conflicts, and allowing parties to form along ethnic lines and denying the sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, as the major points to contend on. I therefore neither agrre with both of your premises and narratives as adressing the policitical and economic dilima the silent majority of Ethiopians for the last 21 years, because it does neither address the ideologies built into the constitution, nor fit the political model pertaining to those following the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, ehere the last itmem refers to individual fredom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessinist rights, where those with ethnic oriented alignements have to coalesce with the national agenda and the strategies used to acomplish those goals to save Ethiopia from disintegration, and form a true democratic government, where democracy is a rule by the people, of the people and for the people, replacing autocracy and/or ethnocracy.

  4. astra
    | #4

    The TPLF elite politics has worked exceedingly well for the masses of Tigrean people because it has been instituted on their behalf and they have reaped enormous benefits. They will collectively fight any other ethnic group tooth and nail. The loss of the rest is a gain for them. Thus, there is an ethnic group which flourishes under an authatitarian and repressive government in Ethiopia. Sorry for your esoteric theory!

  5. Dawi
    | #5

    For me such discussion as it is very interesting is missing that the Meles Dictatorship is qualitatively different today at least on its theoretical agenda and is gone one step ahead of what we are talking about.

    As it is from Burma across Africa, Meles and other leaders of developing nations have prescribed the China Model. It has two parts.

    Copy good practice of Liberal Economic policy by opening wide country to foreign and domestic investment. Lease huge land with give away prices and bring FDI from such as Karatauri, Saudi Star etc. and become a net exporter of food after fulfilling domestic demand. Contrary to some of you assertion, the leases have teeth for the government to protect national interest. Build first class infrastructure of roads, rail, air with private and state spending. Allow labor flexibility and regulations low to attract international investors.

    The second is the ruling party as in the Meles Dictatorship holds firm grip on government, security, courts, army and media.

    In short the Dictatorship gives very little Political Freedom but gives maximum Economic Freedom.

    There is no doubt that the model has worked in China and may work as well elsewhere, but can it be sustained over the long run? Can it solve the ethnic domination issue?

    I don’t see a better alternative than the China Model for solving ethnic politics in my humble opinion.

  6. Dawi
    | #6

    Aristotle said:

    “Only a wealthy society in which relatively few citizens lived in real poverty could a situation exist in which the mass of the population could intelligently participate in politics and could develop the self-restraint necessary to avoid succumbing to the appeals of irresponsible demagogues”.

    We beat down ethnic demagogues by becoming at a minimum a middle income country. I don’t see any other way.

  7. aha!
    | #7

    Dawi! We are aspiring for economic and political and economic freedom for the silent majority Ethiopians; but not for TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations and multi-national corporations that dump seeds (GMO) and fertiliszers etc into Ethiopia; making Ethiopia producers of commodities for export to their own countries. I hear what you are saying that TPLF/eprdf regime, economic model of China of State Capitalism, i.e totaliarinism with a twist to State capitalism and mode of governance of ethnic federalism and secessionism that is different from the Cinese political model. Therfore, what the silelent majority of Ethiopians, excluding TPLF/eprdf and its affiliates and supporters are seeking free market capitalism with ownership of land, properties and businesses and availability of credit as some of the means of production so as to create small and middle and large private enterprises from among the silent majority enterprenuers and a democracy, a mechanism establishing a rule by the people for the people and of the people and above all individual freedom, liberty and equality that supecedes ethnic and secessionist politics and/policies stipulated in the constitution. My constructive critisism to the other elites who present articles in this media, is that they are by passing these crucial perorogatives and my criticism to you is that you are defending the indefensible, the majority of South Africans were not well off, because the Dutch Boers had the upper hand of economic and political power, and the silent majority of Ethiopians will by analogy would not be well of because of the wealth accumulations by TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations and multi-national corporations using Africa and Ethiopia as market outlet for their commodities and products.

  8. Berta
    | #8

    I do not think elticism is the right argument. We are trying to look for a scapegoat tremonology for what is full blown outright dictatorship in the form of monarchy, military and now tribal fiefdom. All of them share one common dominant subset they exclude the ethiopian masses from decision making making the populace a subject of their archaic rule. There is no real constitution called the people’s constitution. The 3 constitutions are carved to suit the imposed dictatorship of the monarchy, military and now thr triobal lords. The real ethiopian constitution will yet come in the future when ethiopians are allowed to determine their own destiny. The TPLF sponsored self determination is a dvide and rule bantustan philosophy exclusively carved to keep woyane in power by creating false enemity and through corrupt practices and favoratism. In the top echolon of this dreadful traibal political chain the tigreans stand out as the undisputed rulers (even peace makers)tribal king of kings. This mockery has to end and end soon.

  9. love
    | #9


    I agree with you. Let us face what naturally occurs when certain ethnic rule rules past or present. Let us say if we have government that doesn’t promote its own ethnic groups, it is natural that due to the type of ethnic group, call it A, of the government, the A ethnic groups within a nation naturally get empowered without the effort even from government. Theus, the ethnic groups A of a nation natually support the government becuase of pride and they start to grow in every way. This is the case in the past regimes of Ethiopia. The past regime didn’t campaign on ethnic group Amara but in fact it has been indifferent, however Amara groups may have the tendency to be empowered because of this. Still, unlike TPLF regime, poverty among Amaras were the highest, during past regimes. If the past regimes favored Amara as TPLF is doing for Tigrayns today, then we would not have seen the starvation of Wollo in the 70s and 80s. I am not Amara, nor am I supporting Amra just saying what is the FACT. So the so called pro ethnic groups such as TPLF and OLF campaigning on anti Amara that Amara benefited under past regimes does not hold water at all. TPLF today, deliberately and systematically campaigns for pro Tigray today marginalizing the rest of Ethiopia. This should have been a wake up call ever since the 90s for the rest of Ethiopia and even for those whose idelology is similar to TPLF, OLF.

    I disagee with the writer about the student movement. Perhaps he used to be part of it. Of course he also avoids to mention EPRP. The creation of imported ideology by EPRP supported by foreigners laid the ground where Ethiopia is today. For foreigners, it is very important to dismantle monarchy they consider not worth, but not in case when it comes to European monarchy. For Ethiopia and through EPRP, radical revoluion was assigned because it was to cause chaos from naturally stable Ethiopia. The Monarchy could have evolved into democratic system gradually rather than radical revolution coming from those who claimed opression because of class or ethnicity. This campaign of class and ethnicity helped a great deal for those with agenda within and outside of Ethiopia. Yet, such change has not helped the mass until this day. The idea of elitism will always be around in any system whether we like it or not, but as the writer mentioned, elitism that focuses on the mass is the right way. Let us see, the TPLF regime is thriving today because it campaigned against past elitism, however what it did today is, it changed shirt but still the same as the past, in fact it is worse today. The thriving of TPLF today is because of perception, TPLF changed past elites and replaced them with groups who were not in power in the past from different backgrounds and in return made them elites. These elites are few in numbers to make it look like things have changed for better for past who were marginalized but in fact what is better is again not for the mass but for those who are appointed and became elites. It is these elites from all over who have enriched and have advantage under TPLf who are claiming TPLF is the better regime compared to past. In reality however, it is ALSHESHUM ZOR ALU still the same. These groups also claim it is better today because of the development under TPLF. I believe development in the 21st century would have been unavoidable even if Mengistu would have still ruled today. The reason is that globalization made it happen throughout nations. Ethiopia’s case is not alone every nation is using globalization to develop. Also development happens because the diaspora who have now been over 30 years outside of Ethiopia, they feel it was time to go back to their old nation Ethiopia. So TPLF wants to take credit for development of Ethiopia therefore a reason to be in power. I doubt that is rational without human right and freedom.


    Mostly I disagree with you, but I appreciate when you give detail inforamtion if you happen to be close to TPLF that is and this is fact. You are confused about ethnic issue. One minute you say ethnic equality is good which makes TPLF better than the past you say, but then you see right in your face and in denial there is no ethnic equality in today’s TPLF and you are in denial about it. If you read what I commented above, what TPLF is misleading the mass is that, by appointing different ethnic groups in power by making it look like there is ethnic equality when in fact it is not true. If data is collected today, you will see that, Tigrayans are the most beneficial in every sector you can think of so that makes it unequal, wouldnt you say? Of course TPLF is not stupid by not appointing other ethnic gorups or allowing very few to get wealthy like them to distract us from ethnic rule but they didn’t get away with it, they are very obvious.

  10. Belay
    | #10


    It does not take a lot to understand how the Woyane regime (the TPLF) came to power and instituted some programs that seemed to address the age old problem of Ethiopia. Yes, there were opponents of the regime from the get go, but there were many who supported them. What manmy supporters did not realize at the time was the total secrecy of the central core of the TPLF political wing. In earnest how can some one belive that the TPLF can go ahead alone to empower only a segment of such a huge population. That was unthinkable even if they won the battle against their “brothers and sisters”. Their real intenstions became clear in 1992 when they imposed a prefertial treatment for Tigray under the disguise of rehabilitation of a region affected by the protracted war. It was misguided plan as every corner of Ethiopia was affected by the 30 plus years of internal conflict including Eitrea. Those who understood the issue became so concerned about the direction of the country. To achieve that goal Woyane leaders had to fabricate all lies on earth to convince the rest of the Ethiopian people that nothing preferntial was done in Tigray. The truth mcuch has been done and more were to come except for the reluctance of the World Bank and IMF to fund non productive projects in Tigray. Even then they had wasted a large sum of money at the expense of other regions whose return would have been far more beneficial to the country than wasting money in Tigray. Other sectors of the national economy such as man power development through higher education of the Tigrean youth went ahead and the Tigrean region is to reap the results of such glaring act sooner as thousands of Tigrean are to return to their country equiped with higher level education. They will also flood other colonial regions as they will have the “necessary” qualification to fill open positions for Tigreans.

    We spent a lot of time to be politically correct and rerved the description of the Woyane government for what it is. Today there is no motre secret that it is an a Tigrean Apartheid system imposed on all Ethiopians through the barrel of the gun. You may call whatever you want, but nothing changes the picture of the TPLF. It is time to get back our country from the Woyane gangs. Many will die in this process. No one belives that Tigreans lost their children to impose their will on Oromos, Amharas, Somalis, and all other ethnic groups as it turned out to be. The rest may be obliged to lose more children to rid themselves of the Woyane gang.

    Forget about economic dvelopment theory that you use to distract our focus. Today our land is a property of the Arabs, Chinese, Pakistanis and Tigreans. We have to liberate our land from these parasites and we will be OK.

  11. kentu
    | #11

    dead man still talking in ethiopia/ why we are looking our freedom through compuer or wastern countries. realy we need medical help no one in this earth get through wast or chat freedom we are leaving in illusion world we need real medical help

  12. kentu
    | #12

    sometimes we need to learn even from our enemies shabia and weyane they never get freedom through washington demonstratio, compter chat or peacefull demonstration or wast.please walk up people dont live in illusion world

  13. Tefe
    | #13

    Dawi, I disagree with your assertion. The very people who are raising the ethnic issue are those who are so called, “the educated elite”. The mass ( mostly uneducated peasant) doesn’t care about ethnicity because the living condition doesn’t allow it to think beyond survival. Those who are ethnocentric don’t believe in what the mass has to say either; rather, they think they are the vanguard of the peasantry since they feel they understand the way the world works than the poor peasant. In a sense, those who, for the last forty years, propagated self determination don’t want democracy ( in the real sense) rather, they want dictate the nation they claim to represent in the direction they want to lead. This idea is similar to the policy the EPRDF regime–a vanguard party of the mass.
    The only way democracy will flourish in Ethiopia is when our hawkish and hostile personality changes to something that welcomes differences, be it ideas or personalities. Unless our culture on intolerance changes, dictatorship will prevail. And those who have parochial view, i.e those who espouse self determination, want nothing but a place where they and enforce their policies and guide the country in a way they see fit.

  14. Tekle
    | #14

    Where is my comment? What did you do with it? Don’t be a hypocrite. You should practice what you preach. Where is my right now and I want this published!!!

    I am hearing through the grapevine coming from your direction that our God-Chosen leader Prime Minister Meles is clinging to his life from a deadly ailment. Just forget about it!!!
    We Axumite people are not like you and the Shewan Amharas. Your Shewan Amhara masters never had the knowledge of a smooth and peaceful transfer of power. Just look what happened when Haile Selassie became too old and all-told senile to lead in early part of the 1970′s. The dynasty they thought they have was firmly anchored to last a 1,000 years went into tatters and ended up throwing them all in the dustbin of history overnight in front of theirs and the eyes of the entire world. It took a gang of a small cluster of ruthless non-commissioned military officers to eject them out of their homes without firing a single shot. They could not do anything but helplessly watch those ragtag dumbass officers ransack and occupy their homes and palaces with their stinking boots in all. And they watched again and again when those officers who the Shewan Amharas used to call their ‘house niggers’ take out most of their cream of the crops and gun them down like they were rabid dogs. But no no no. It will never happen under our watch. Our line of succession has always been very clear. Just like our gallant Axumite forefathers used to say: Nebir Bitimot, Nebir tekitaa!!! We have so many advanced degree graduates in our hopper that any succession of power is just like cake walk. 4th grader Tigrayan is much smarter than anyone with any advanced degree of non-Tigrayan origin. And above all Our Benevolent Prime Minister is here to stay with us until he is more than 100 years old and he is going to lead us for a long time to come. He and the rest of us have a lot more to do for our people. He just managed to bring back Tadjourah into our economic fold after more than 150 years hiatus. The old Zeila is back with us in the name of Berbera. Assab is not too far out of our reach. This man is not that easy to die like all of you diabetes and HIV riddled loafers. High velocity bullets fired by the well-trained Derg soldiers used to fall down like leaves in front of him. They dropped daisy cutters and barrels of napalm on top of him and he came out unscathed every time. I was told that he can tell you what you are thinking just by looking at you. He is that gifted. God has bestowed such boundless power upon him. He is as a saint as Abraham was!!! He is a Chosen Leader as Moses was. He is as an Apostle as Disciple Peter was. In fact his is the 13th Disciple only born 2,000 years later and commissioned by Jesus himself to take our people from their misery. Jesus said ‘Let it be no misery in Tigray and the rest of Horn of Africa and there was no misery!!!!’ He may have caught cold or strong cold. So for his speedy recovery I say this to all of you – ሁላችንም ሱባዔ መግባት ሳትአት መቆም አለብን!!!! Lets go!!!!!

  15. Anonymous
    | #15

    You said: “We beat down ethnic demagogues by becoming at a minimum a middle income country. I don’t see any other way.”
    Beat down ethnic demagogues, my ass! Of course, tplf like you who gets all the benefit and special treatments don’t see anything wrong with that. You are simply laughable! Dividing people by ethnic groups and religion and creating hate between ethnic groups against another and committing crimes against humanity is not what 87 million Ethiopians see as progress. The TPLF motto is DIVIDE AND RULE, LOCK UP ETHIOPIANS, LOOT THE COUNTRY, TORTURE AND KILL INNOCENT PEOPLE…THESE ARE THE TPLF STYLE OF PROGRESS.

  16. Girum
    | #16

    Now Prof. Messay is coming very closer and hovering over the overwhelming truth.
    The ordinary Majority Mass Vs the elites is such an important classification in political-economy that makes more prevalent sense and meaning through out history more than the stereotypically reiterated and hyped issues of dictatorship and democracy.
    The history of the world is mainly the history of the elites that we have to admit whether we like it or not. The problem is not about the very existence of the elites but rather with what sort of elites the world is living with. Actually I am neither that much afraid nor hateful of elitism as long as it is such an indispensable reality in this world and life in general. But there are roughly two types of elitism. The one that is totally selfish, corrupt, parasitic, immoral, inhuman and without sense of virtues. On the other hand there is responsible, considerate, moral and human one that is filled with virtues and wisdom. The same is true when I repeatedly argue that we can not put all dictators in one single basket in that dictatorship has its own discriminations based on virtues and values. One important question we have to ask is that can we as such live without elitism or elites and can have such a dreamt absolute democratic word and life? The answer in my view is clearly NO!!! So to confront this bitter reality what we have to rather mainly focus is on Intrinsic-Virtues and values not rather on who is who in power. Our deep-rooted and multifaceted problems start to get solved when we can come out of the narrow minded cocoons of who is who in power and then when we start to mainly focus on Intrinsic-Virtues and values. Let’s allow for truth, Intrinsic-Virtues and values rule us and when that is the case then we reduce our unnecessary infighting for power as a result of mere greedy nature of power-mongering. When we start to deeply explore and understand human dynamism and nature and also its associated material and emotional needs, then it shall not be our concern as to who is in power as long as our yearn for our those needs is met. It is when Ethiopian political elites start to view things this way that we can come out of this perplexing quandary. It seems like our political elites do not still/yet stop our natural metamorphosis as a nation related to this very tiresome and destructive power mongering. When we talk about elites and elitism there are indeed system and hierarchy of elitism starting from Global elites at the topmost hierarchy of the pyramid to the base of the pyramid at the local neighborhood level. In today’s heydays era of global capitalism then it is money and its related established working system that rules. So things, good or bad it may be, are working and going under this already established paradigm set-up. So the emergence of our local elites (Meles/TPLF) to this sort of political and economic power is also in tandem with this pervasive global social order and also related to the remnant social fabrics of post-colonialism. And this global social order is inherently established mainly based on class(The Elitist Capitalist Class Vs the remaining majority mass).So for things to arrange, fit and comply with this inherent class structure, of today’s global social order, then inevitably there is also a need to selectively extract and exploit (based on ethnicity or religion or sex or what ever is convenient) very few parts of the society and then create and establish some sort of compliant or subservient comprador elites at the national level. It is my view that this is how ethnically driven Meles/TPLF and Esayas/EPLF, as subservient comprador elites, emerged to power from the intermediate student movement episode. The problem with every scenario of what we call movements or revolutions or insurrections, including those of what we call us Arab-revolution, it usually sidelines the very vital question of what is the very inherent end-game of that event. So if we happen to seriously envisage at the very end-game of Meles/TPLF and that of Esayas/EPLF, as subservient stooge comprador elites, then it is eventually mainly fulfilling the goals of global social order of global capitalism and its inherently imperialistic projects based on post colonialism remnants. What we are mainly confused is that we failed to discern end-game ultimate main products from intermediate by-products. The naïve and gullible mass, including many good thinking local elites, are usually misled by being told by the Global MASTERS as if the intermediate by-product is the main end-game product. The Derg regime is the one that was actually able to make a relatively shaking and overwhelming revolution (good or bad it may be) than the incumbent Meles/TPLF because it was advancing Socialism. And because this sort of Socialist Ideology followed by Derg was not in the interest of the West’s global Capitalism and that is why stooge local elites of TPLF and EPLF, who have better attachment to post colonialism remnants, emerged to thwart this Socialist advancement by Derg. So we can see how local elites under the disguise of different cover ups are systematically exploited by the Global MASETER Elites. So for me the student movement is such a naive and gullible mere movement one where it does not have such a clear end-game insight based on Ethiopian history and its associated inherent class structure and social fabric and also the based on global social order. The same is true in today’s Ethiopian politics where it does learn from history. For me Ethnicity, the way we see it for the last 21 years and also in continuum, is some thing intermediate play game hyped and reiterated by few local elites so that they are able to achieve their end-game of clinging to power that in turn, as a stooge comprador elites, serves the interest of the Global MASTERS. So Global Capitalism works in such a way that culture and tradition becomes so universal and homogenous, in what we call as Globalization, in such a way that it is suitable for indiscriminate material consumerism but the other way round it also works in such a way that there also exists some compliant and subservient stooge comprador elites of national governance based on ethnicity or religion or whatever is suitable to cerate class structure that can advance this global social order. So following the end of cold-war and the prevalence of uni-polar global social order dominated by the West’s Global Capitalism, for the last 21 years and also some how in continuum till some point, then the Ethiopian politics and its associated elitist dynamism is also under this significant paradigm setup. As far as I understand the problem with the mass is that, while the elites, despite racial and religious differences, unite based on their material interest and material wealth as the secluded class of the affluent, to the contrary the naïve and gullible global mass failed to become so wise that the global oppression by the global capitalist elites can not be thwarted unless it unites based on its impoverished class status sidelining the hyped ethnicity and religious differences hyped by the same MASETRS.The MASTERS when they want us to consume their products for their money profit making, then they systematically unite us and make us homogenous consumer society but when we are to say no to their inhuman exploitation and abject impoverishment they create heinous sectarianism among us so that we can not stand in unison and challenge their unfair and unjust moves. In my view more than anything what makes human beings united in unison is common intrinsic virtues and values and also common oppression and agony that is unjust and inhuman. So the very inherent dynamism of humanity unites us. So the so called hyped sectarianism based on ethnicity or religion or sex, inculcated and hyped by MASERT Elites, is mainly to distract and thwart this united mass movement based on class structure that is the Elites Vs The Mass that is mainly based on material acquisition or wealth. If we follow the dynamism of human nature and its evolution then at this point of time in history then its material needs(and hence the ensuing emotional needs too)are not still/yet as such fully met and the global mass impoverishment and the ensuing instability is very evident of this reality. If peoples are capable to fulfill their material needs then they will some how become relatively stable and tolerant of one another in other areas of differences. So today’s global conflicts wars and occupations under the disguise of different pretexts, down to the earth, is actually that of war of material resources. Even look what is happening in Ethiopia under the rule of Meles/TPLF in that TPLFites and followers are aggressively despoiling and devouring every resources of this nation by Economic monopoly. In order to carry out so this unprecedented aggressive rent-seeking and parasitic Economic monopoly then they have to achieve some sort of moral basis and legitimacy in that Meles/TPLF have to manufacture some conspiracy theory. And this conspiracy theory is that they wanted to make the rule of Emperor Menilik and the ensuing Amhara rulers Like Emperor Haile Selasie as the very cause of their backwardness and impoverishment. However, with the resources they have as we know it, I do not understand what sort of miracle they would have created to change the very known historical reality that northern region to make it totally different from the rest of Ethiopia. So following this conspiracy theory, for the last 21 years and in continuum, then what they have been doing to he rest of Ethiopia is such unprecedented rent-seeking and parasitic aggressive Economic monopoly that is despoiling and devouring the very resources of the nation. So such insidious conspiracy theory systematically manufactured by MELES/TPLF also has such a remnant colonial legacy that is well suitable for foreign power MASTERS to exploit it in order to create divisive antagonistic rivalry among Ethiopian peoples and elites so that they become enemies of one another in order to advance foreign interest. From the outside we may talk stereotypically about democracy and dictatorship but deep inside Africa and other 3rd world developing nations are still ruled by such remnants of colonial legacy also. The emerging elite’s background based on anti-colonialism is also seriously explored and scrutinized by foreign MASETRS. And that is why guys like Meles with his family background as is becoming exposed and known these days, insidiously emerged to gradually control absolute power as a subservient stooge client regime and comprador elite. So Meles and some few selected TPLFies are evolving in to a new sort of national capitalist elites with unprecedented looted wealth in billions, which is obtained through the abuse of foreign aid donation and also through the secluded privilege of national economic monopoly through EFFORT in collaboration with Alamudin. Actually foreign aid and donation, in the first place, is not with the main intention or objective of helping Ethiopian peoples in to development. It is rather with the main intention of installing a strong and stable compliant stooge client-regime like Meles/TLF that can advance the interest of Global Capitalism. So for the ‘sacrifice’ TPLF paid during its gorilla fighting then it has to be rewarded and compensated through foreign aid and donation so that it can become new emerging a national capitalist class and comprador elite that is compliant with global capitalism. So it is this way how elites emerge and come in to existence in 3rd world nations. Surprisingly so many Ethiopian intellectual elites, naively and gullibly, have totally ignored and sidelined the classical teachings of Marxism and Leninism that emphasizes about capitalism and its associated class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, as if it is such a worthless stuff, for the last 21 Years following the end of cold war and the temporary fall of Socialism and USSR. And what they have been inculcating has been the usual humdrum issues of bogus democracy and its opposite of dictatorship they way we see and know it as usual. They have unknowingly or knowingly ignored or forgotten the burning issues inherent class struggle. Even some famous politicians naively and gullibly, have even started to demonize(self prophesy) themselves as if their very cause of failure in the current politics of Ethiopia is their rigid Marxists and Leninist ideology that they had been brainwashed after the times of the fall of last Emperor during the student movement. This type of gullible and naïve prophesy is like Gorbachove through his Glasnost and perestroika policy, naively and gullibly liquidated the power old USSR and its Socialist block in to a uni-polar world believing that West is like a Saint. And that is why the claim of Meles/TPLF(though it is a false misdealing claim to confuse the mass)as a revolutionary Democrat is being naively and gullibly demonized by those Ethiopian oppositions groups who accept and believe this claim as if it is true accordingly demonize revolutionary Democracy as if it is an evil ideology. As far as I understand the problem with those student movements with their socialist leaning and also the ensuing Socialist Ideology advanced by the Derg regime was that they failed to wisely adapt the then Socialist ideology in a way that is compatible and coherent with the inherent and historical social conditions of Ethiopian Society. And the same is true actually when the current Ethiopian political elites naively and gullibly stereotypically inculcate and hype the usual Western Style Liberal-Democracy and Liberal-Economy. As a nation we failed to devise, adapt and adopt a suitable socio-Political and Socio-economic system that is viable and working.
    Almost every Ethiopian, African and 3rd world nation is inherently SOCIALIST by nature. That is to say social values and norms outweigh that of individualism values. And due to this the identity and integrity of peoples of 3rd world nations is based on collective social security. That is the right, identity and integrity of the individual self is subordinate and subservient to the right, identity and integrity of the collective mass. In black and white thinking wrong or right it might be, however this is how things are working as viable in Ethiopia Africa and other 3rd world nations. And that is why for the last 21 years the ideology of the West imposed over us overnight through Liberal-Economy (=Free-Market Economy, though not actually free-market in reality) and Liberal Democracy(Bogus Democracy through Mere election) is no more working and viable system except creating such type of social, economic and political crisis and chaos. I think if we Ethiopians and our local different elites have the slightest interest, wisdom and courage to learn from history, then Ethiopia as an asylum of laboratory for both old style of the previous Socialism and the current Capitalism, then can learn from our mistakes and experiences and then are able to devise a viable and working hybrid system that can rectify the bad demerits of both systems and then take the good merits from both systems. It is not some thing like that simple that we follow such a polarized black and white thinking in that Socialism is this much bad/good and /Capitalism is that much good/bad. The student Movement in those old times was in such a perplexing quandary and grave mistake in that it just strived with fervent enthusiastic commitment to directly import those times of Socialism and apply it directly on Ethiopian society overnight. Like wise to the other polarized extreme end, not learning from history, today’s contemporary Ethiopian Political Elites are also in similar such type of perplexing quandary and grave mistake in that they just have been striving with fervent enthusiastic commitment to directly import the Liberal-Economy (=Free-Market Economy) and Liberal Democracy of the West’s system and apply it directly on Ethiopian society overnight. This is how Ethiopian Elites have perpetually and tragically failed this nation. We are in very need of a relatively independent and self-confident national elites who are able to critically think with a different paradigm setup some how relatively free of undeserved foreign influence and who understand this nation deeply and widely and who are nationalist and considerate of the mass. What we need with the out side world is such a mutually beneficial and respectful relationship and not such type of unfair MASTER Vs Slave type. Our elites have to stop being unfaithful and opportunist by abusing the mass as a means to cling to power. For example until recently the majority of Ethiopian political Elites in the opposition have totally ignored the Economic integrity and economic freedom of Ethiopian Society and what they are totally obsessed with is the issues of Bogus electoral democracy that paves the way for political power. Knowingly or un-Knowingly they have evolved to become a power monger. Knowingly or un-Knowingly they have worshipped electoral democracy as if it is an end game and that of divine order and they got trapped to view the life of this nation through the prism of electoral democracy only. And due to this for them what makes sense of for them is to see an Ethiopian citizen to write on paper, as is in free-press, that he is hungry rather than to directly and boldly condemn the system that makes Ethiopians hungry.በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ባለው የውሸት ዲሞክራሲ ቅዠት የተነሳ በተቃዋሚ ፓርቲ ውስጥም ሆነ ከዚያ ውጪ ያሉ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖች የአንድን ስርዓት ፋይዳ እየመዘኑበት ያለው እይታ እጅግ ግራ የሚያጋባ እየሆነ ነው፡፡ስርዓቱ አንድን ዜጋ በቂ ዳቦ መስጠት ሳይችል ሲቀርና ያ ዜጋ ግን ዳቦ እንደራበው ስርዓቱን በመቃወም ሃሳቡን ሲገልፅ ግን ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብቱ ተከበረለት ይባላል፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የውሸት ዲሞክራሲ አብዛኞቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖች ስርዓቱ ለምን በቂ ዳቦ ለዜጎች መስጠት አልቻለም በሚለው ወሳኝ እይታ ሳይሆን ባብዛኛው መመዘን የሚፈልጉት ስርዓቱ አንድ ዜጋ ዳቦ መብላት አለመቻሉን ቅሬታውን እንዲገልጥ ስርዓቱ ይፈቅዳል ወይንስ አይፈቅድም በሚለው ሁለተኛ ደረጃ መመዘኛ ነው ለማየት እየፈለጉ ያሉት፡፡ለዚህም ነው የሶቭየት ህብረትን መፈራረሰ ተከትሎ ሩሲያውያን በዘመነ ሶሻሊዝም አፋችንን እንደፈለግን መክፈት አንችልም(ዲሞክራሲ የለም ነበር ለማለት) ነገር ግን ወደ አፋችን የፈለግነውን ያህል መክተት እንችላለን (የዳቦና የመሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶችን ማግኘት ጉዳይ ለመግለፅ ነው) ነገር በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ግን አፋችንን እንደፈለግን መክፈት(የውሸት ዲሞክራሲ አለ) እንችላለን ነገር ግን ወደ አፋችን የፈለግነውን ያህል መክተት አንችልም(ዳቦ የለም) ያሉት፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ዛሬ አብዛኞቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖች ያለው አለም አቀፍ ስርዓትና በተያያዥ ያለው የመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝን ምንነት እስከ ቅርብ ጊዜ ድረስ እየመዘኑት ያለው እየተራገበ ባለው የውሸት ዲሞክራሲ እይታ እንጂ የኢኮኖሚውን ነገር ግን ፈፅሞ ችላ ብለውት ነበር፡፡ስለዚህም አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜጋ ዳቦ ተራበ ብሎ እውነቱን በቀተኛ ግልፅ አባባል ከመናገር ይልቅ አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜጋ ዳቦ መራቡን ቅሬታውን ለመግለፅ ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብቱ ተፈቀደለት ወይንም ተከለከለ የሚለውን ሁለተኛ አጀንዳ ማራገብ የተለመደ ነገር እየሆነ መጣ፡፡ስለዚህም በዘመነ ደርግ የሶሻሊስት ስርዓት ሰዎች ከአሁኑ የተሻለ ኢኮኖሚያዊ መሰረታቸው የተነሳ ዳቦ በቅጡ መጥገብ ስለቻሉ ዳቦ የመራባቸውን ቅሬታ መናጋር አላስፈለጋቸውም ነበር ማለት ነው ነገር ግን በተቃራኒው ዛሬ በዘመነ ወያኔ የውሸት ደሞክራሲ ግን ሰዎች ኢኮኖሚያዊ መሰረታቸው ቀስ በቀስ እየተናጋና እየፈረሰ መጥቶ እነሆ ዳቦ ሲራቡና ዳቦ መራባቸውን በነፃ-ፕሬስ መግለፃቸው ግን እንደ ትልቅ ዲሞክራሲያዊ እርምጃ እየተቆጠረ ነው፡፡
    What this perplexing quandary is telling us is that we are even very confused of the hierarchy of needs in that basic evolutionary needs and secondary needs are misplaced.ስለዚህም እንደ እኔ እይታ ዳቦ መራቤን በቅሬታ እንድገልፅ ከሚፈቅድልኝ ስርዓት ይልቅ ዳቦ አስቀድሞውኑ እንደሚያስፈለገኝ አውቆ ይህንን ዳቦ የሚሰጠኝ ስርዓትን እኔ እመርጣለሁኝ፡፡
    የመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንንና ፖለቲከኞችን አንዱ ያሳሳተበት መሰሪ ስልት ከበስተጀርባ ያለውን እኩይና መሰሪ የጥፋት ተልእኮውንና አላማውን የሸፈነበት ስልት ህገ-መንግስት የሚለውንና የዲሞክራሲን ጭንብል በማጥለቅ ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም መለስ/ወያኔ ህገ-ወጥ ስራውንሁሉ የሰራው ከውጪ ሲታይ ህጋዊ የሆነ ሽፋንን በመከተል ነው፡፡ተቃዋሚውን ፖለቲከኛና ምሁር ሁሉ ከፊት ለፊት የውሸት ዲሞክራሲ በምረጫ ሽፋን እያሳየ ከበስተጀርባ ግን የሀገሪቱንና የህዝቡን የኢኮኖሚ ህልውናና ደህንነት እያፈራረሰ ከበስተጀርባ እንደ ኢፈርት ያለውን በቢሊዮኖች ዶላር የሚቆጠር ትልቅ የኢኮኖሚ ኢምፓየር ለመመስረት ቻለ፡፡ሶሻሊዝም ማለት ልክ እርኩስ ነገር እንደሆነ እየተሳለ በደርግ ዘመን ለህዝቡ ፍትሃዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊ አገልግሎት የሚሰጡት የመንግስትና የህዝብ የልማት ድርጅቶች ሁሉ ለግለሰቦችና ለራሱ ለወያኔ በርካሽ ተቸበቸቡ፡፡ይህ ሁሉ የሆነውም ደግሞ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ልሂቃን የኢኮኖሚውን ጉዳይ ፈፅሞ ችላ ብለውት ከመለስ/ወያኔ ጋር የውሸት የዲሞክራሲ ድግስ ላይ ፌሽታና ዳንኪራ ለመዝለል ስለፈለጉ ህዝብ ከእነሱ የሚጠብቀው የምርጫ ካርድ ሳጥን ውስጥ መክተት ብቻ እንደሆነ አድርገው ሳሉት፡፡ታዲያ ዛሬ መለስ/ወያኔ እውነተኛ የጥፋት ተልእኮ ባህሪውን ሲያወጣውና የሀገሪቱን ለም መሬት ለባእዳን መስጠት ሲጀምርና ገበሬዎችን ሲያፈናቅል ኢኮኖሚውን በሞኖፖል ሲቆጣጠር ለዚህ አይነት እኩይ አገዛዝና ስርዓት የሚሰጡት ስም በራሱ ግራ የሚያጋባ እየሆነ መጣ፡፡ስልጣን ላይ ለብዙ ጊዜ በአምባገነንነት መቆየቱንና የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲንም መሰረት ብቻ በማድረግ ብቻ አንድ ጊዜ ይህንን ስርዓት አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲን ስለሚከተል ነው ይላሉ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ የምእራብ ሀገራት መንግስታት ወዳጅ ነውና ለምን የምእራብ ሀገራት እርዳታ ይሰጣሉ ይላሉ፡፡ይህ ሁሉ ግራ መጋባት ደግሞ የተፈጠረው ነገሮችን ሁሉ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ መነፅር ብቻ ለማየት ስለተፈለገ ነው፡፡ይህ ደግሞ የአብዛኛው የዘመናችን የተቃዋሚው ምሁርና ፖለቲከኛ ኤሊት የገባባት አጣብቂኝ ነው፡፡እነ ጋዳፊ እነ ሙባረክ እነ ቤናሊ በአምባገነንነት ለብዙ አመታት ስልጣን ላይ የቆዩት ግን አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲን ስለሚከተሉ አልነበረም፡፡ወይንም አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲ እንደ አስተሳሰብ ወይንም አይዲሎጂ የመጥፎ ስርዓት መገለጫም አይደለም፡፡መለስ/ወያኔ ላለፉት 21 ዓመታትና አሁንም የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓትን አዲስ መጥ ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲና የዚህኑ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም የከፋፍለህ ግዛው ኢምፔሪያሊስት ስትራቴጂ እንደ ተላላኪ አገልጋይ አገዛዝ(stooge Comprador elite) ተግባራዊ ሲያደርጉና ሲያራምዱ እንደቆዩ ይታወቃል፡፡ታዲያ የብዙሃኑን የኢኮኖሚ ህልውናና መሰረት እያናጋና እየናደ የመጣ ይህን አይነት ስርዓት አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲን እንደሚከተል አድርጎ ማቅረብ በምን መመዘኛ እንደሆነ በራሱ ግራ የሚያጋባ ነገር ነው፡፡ይህ አይነት ፍረጃም በተዘዋዋሪ የሚያሳየው እራሱ አብዛኛው የተቃዋሚው ጎራ ኤሊት በምእራቡ ዓለም የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ፍፁም ተፅእኖ ስር እንዳለና በቀጣይም ስልጣን ላይ ቢወጣ ይህንኑ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓትን አዲስ መጥ ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ሽፋን መልሶ ተግባራዊ ከማድረቅ እንደማይቆጠብ የሚያሳይ ነገር ነው፡፡ከዚህ በመነጨም ይህ አይነቱ አብዛኛው የተቃዋሚው ጎራ ኤሊት በዚህ አይነት የምእራቡ አለም የሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲና የሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ አሳሳች አስተሳሰብ እንደተጠመደ የሚቀጥል ከሆነ የሀገርንና የብዙሃኑን ህዝብ የኢኮኖሚ ህልውናና ደህንነት በቅጡ ያስጠብቃል የሚል እምነት ብዙም የለኝም፡፡ይህ አይነቱ አብዛኛው የተቃዋሚው ጎራ ኤሊት ስልጣን ላይ ያለው ማነው ወይንም ማን ስልጣን ላይ ይውጣ ከሚል ጠባብ የምር ዲሞክራሲ እይታ በዘለለ ያለው ዓለም አቀፍ ስርዓት ማእቀፍ ምንድን ነው የሚለውን ጭምር በጥልቀት ለማየት አልቻለም አልፈለገም፡፡በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ገድብ የለሽ ድንበር ዘለል የካፒታል ዝውውር ያለ ተገቢው ቁጥጥር ሲፈቀድና በዚህም የተነሳ የየታዳጊ ሀገራቱን የውስጥ ኢኮኖሚ ስርዓት በሞኖፖል እንዲቆጣጠር ሲሆንና የዓለም የንግድ ድርጅትን አባልነት ጭምር ስንደግፍና ይህም የሚያመጣውን የበስተኋላ መዘዝ በቅጡ አርቀን መመርምር ሳንችል ቀርተን ነገር ግን በአለም አቀፍ ኢነቨስተሮች ምክንያት ገበሬ ለምን ተፈናቀለ ህዝብ ለምን በድህነትና በኑሮ ውድነት ተሰቃየ ብሎ ለመሞገት የሞራል መሰረት አይኖረንም፡፡መለስ በቅርቡ የአፍሪካን መሪዎች ለሙስና የሚዳርጉት በዋናነት የውጪ አለም አቀፍ ኢንቨስተሮች ናቸው ብለው ሲናገሩ ሙስና እራሱ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓት አይቀሬ ውስጣዊ አሰራር መሆኑን መረዳት አለብን፡፡ስልጣን ላይ የሚወጡ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን ኤሊቶች ተገዥነታቸውና ተጠሪነታቸው ቃል ገብተው በአዳባባይ ለመረጣቸው ህዝብ ሳይሆን በጓሮ በር ባማሩ ሆቴሎች ዶላር በሳምሶናይት ይዞ ለሚመጣ ኢንቨስተር እየሆነ ነው፡፡
    የመንግስቱን ስልጣን(Government Power) መሪ የራሳቸውን ቴክኖክራት በመጠቀም ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የሚዘውሩት ጥቂት የካፒታሊስቱ ልሂቃን ናቸው፡፡ህዝብ ፖለቲከኞችን እንደ አመት በዓል የምርጫ ሰሞን ግርግር ጠብቆ አብሮ የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ፌሽታ ያደርጋል ከዚያ በኋላ ግን ለሚቀጥለው 4 ወይንም 5 ዓመት ግን ቦታውን ለጥቂት የካፒታሊስቱ ልሂቃን የራሳቸው ቴክኖክራቶች ቦታውን ይለቃል፡፡ስለዚህም በተቀረው የስልጣን ዘመን ግን ስልጣን ላይ የወጡት ፖለቲከኞች ጨዋታቸው ከእነዚሁ ጥቂት የካፒታሊስቱ ልሂቃንና የራሳቸው ቴክኖክራቶች ጋር ነው፡፡
    ከዚያ ደግሞ ለሚቀጥለው 4 ወይንም 5 ዓመት ተመሳሳይ ነገር ነው የሚደረገው፡፡እንግዲህ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኛ ኤሊቶች እያራመድነው ያለነውን አለም ዓቀፍ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓት ኒዎ-ሊበራል ፖሊሲ በቅጡ ለመመርመር ካልፈለጉ ከመለስ/ወያኔ አይቀሬ ውድቀት በኋላ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ሽፋን ይህንን አይነት ሲስተም በመዘርጋት ነው ማለት ነው እንደ ትልቅ የትግላቸው ውጤት በገፀ-በረከት ሊያበረክቱልን የሚፈልጉት፡፡የመንግሰቱን የፖለቲካ ስልጣን መሪ የመጨበጥና ከዚያም በሚፈለገው መንገድ የመዘወር ትግል በብዙሃኑ ህዝብና በጥቂቱ የካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን መካክል ያለ የመድብ ትግል ፍትጊያ ነው፡፡አሁን ያሉት አብዛኞቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን ልሂቃን የመንግሰቱን የፖለቲካ ስልጣን መሪ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ መጨበጥ ብቻውን በራሱ እንደ መጨረሻ ግብ አድርገው ነው ያዩት፡፡ነገር ግን ዋናው መታየት ያለበት ስልጣን ላይ ያለውን የመንግስት መኪና መሪ ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የሚዘርውረው ማነው እንደዚሁም የማንን ፍላጎትና አላማ ለማሳካት ነው የሚለውን ወሳኝ ጥያቄ ለመጠየቅና ለመመለስ አልተቻለም አልተፈለገም፡፡የመንግስቱን መኪና መሪ ከበስተጀርባ በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ የሚዘርውረው ጥቂቱ የካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን ነው እንጂ ተራው ህዝብ አይደለም፡፡
    ተራው ህዝብ የሚፈለገው ዲሞክራሲ አለ ለማስባልና ህዝቡንም በዚህ የዲሞክራሲ ቅዠት ስር ለማቆየት ሲባልና ስልጣን ህዝባዊ የድጋፍ መሰረትና ህጋዊነት ያለው ነው ለማስባል ብቻ ነው፡፡
    መለስ/ወያኔም ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት በሞኖፖል የተቆጣጠሩትን ፓርላማና የተቀረውን ተቃዋሚውን ፓርቲ እየተጠቀሙበት ያሉት ለዚህ አላማ ሲባል ነው፡፡አዎ ህጋዊ ሽፋንና ቅቡልነትን ለማግኘት ሲባል፡፡አሁን ባለው በዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም በተራቀቀው በዘመናችን የሚሰራ ህገ-ወጥ ስራ ሁሉ የህዝብን ህጋዊ ድጋፍና ሽፋን በመመርኮዝ ነው፡፡የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ለህዝብ የሚፈይድ ነገር ያልሆነውም ለዚህ ነው፡፡ልሂቃኑ የህዝብን ድምፅና ድጋፍ የሚፈልጉት በራሱ በህዝቡ ላይ የሚሰሩትን ኢ-ፍትሃዊ ኢ-ሞራላዊ ኢ-ሰብዓዊ ስራ ሁሉ እራሱ ህዝቡ አጨብጭቦ እንዲደግፈው እያደረጉ ነው፡፡መለስ/ወያኔም ላለፉት 21 ዓመታትና አሁንም የፈለጉትን የጥፋት ተልእኳቸውን ህጋዊ ሽፋን በመስጠት ተግባራዊ እያደረጉ ያሉት በሞኖፖል የተቆጣጠሩትን የማርላማ ዲሞክራሲ እንደፈለጉት በመዘወር ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው ከምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ይልቅ ወይንም ማን ስልጣን ላይ ወጣ ከሚለው የልሂቃን አላስፈላጊ ፍጭት ይልቅ ምን ተደረገ በሚለውና እሴቶቻችን(Intrinsic Virtues and values) ምንድን ናቸው ብሎ በጥሞና በሰከነ መንገድ መመርመሩና እነዚህንም እሴቶች መንከባከብና ማጎልበት የበለጠ ጠቃሚ የሚሆነው፡፡እንደ ህዝብ አንድ ሀገር እነዚህን እሴቶቻችን(Intrinsic Virtues and values)መሰረት በማድረግ ዘለቂነት ያለው ስርዓት ስንዘረጋ ኢትዮጵያውያን ኤሊቶቻችንም ለስልጣን የሚያደርጉትን ግብግብ ጋብ አድርገው በዚህ የተዘረጋ የስርዓት ማእቀፍ ውስጥ እንዲሄዱ ማድረግ ይቻላል፡፡ይህ ደግሞ ሊሆን የሚችለው ብዙሃኑ ህዝብ ንቃተ-ህሊናው ሲዳብርና የራሱን አቅም ለመገነባት ሲችል ብቻ ነው፡፡የነቃ ህዝብ የጥቂት ልሂቃን መፈንጫ አይሆንም፡፡የነቃ ህዝብ በጥቂት ልሂቃን አይጨቆንም አይገፋም፡፡ልሂቃኑንን ከምንም ነገር በላይ የሚያስፈራቸው በእውቀትና በዲሲፕሊን የታገዘ የነቃ-ህዝብ ነው፡፡ልሂቃኑ ብዙሃኑን ህዝብ የሚጨቁኑትና የሚዘርፉት እራሱ ህዝቡ ይህ እንዲሆን አሜን ብሎ ስለፈቀደ ጭምርም ነው፡፡ዘላቂ መፍትሄውም ደግሞ በስሜታዊነት ላይ የተመሰረተ ስሜት ማብረጃ የነውጥ አብዮት ሳይሆን በምክንያታዊነት አስተሳሰብ ላይ የተመሰረተ ስር-ነቀል የአስተሳሰብ ለውጥ ማምጣት ነው፡፡ንቃተ-ህሊናው በደንብ ባልዳበረ ህዝብ መካከል ልሂቃኑ ሁል ጊዜ አንድን በህዝብ የተቀሰቀሰ ነውጥንና አብዮትን ለራሳቸው በሚመች መንገድ ለመዘረወርና በስተመጨረሻም እራሳቸው መልሰው አሸናፊ ለመሆን ብዙም አይከብዳቸውም፡፡ትግሉም በዋናነት የመደብ ትግል ነው፡፡ነገር ግን አብዛኞቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖቻችን ሚናቸውን በትክክል የለዩ አይደሉም፡፡ስለዚህም ህዝብ ደግሞ እነዚህን አንዳንድ አሳሳች እራስ ወዳድ ስልጣን ፈላጊ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖች ልሂቃን ብቻ አምኖ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ብቻ መታለል የለበትም፡፡እንደዚሁም በቀናነት ለሀገርና ለህዝብ ህልውናና ጥቅም ሲሉ የተነሱት ብዙ ኢትዮጵያውያን ልሂቃን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራኖቻችን በምእራቡ አለም ባለው አይነት የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ቅዠት ብቻ ታውረው በዚህ መታለል የለባቸውም፡፡ስለዚህም የሀገርና የህዝብ አጠቃላይ ጉዳይና መፃኢ እድል ከምርጫ ዲሞክራሲና በተያያዘ ካለው የስልጣን አጀንዳ በላይ እጅግ የዘለለና የተወሳሰበ ፋይዳ ያለው ነገር እንደሆነ መረዳት አለባቸው፡፡ As far as I understand we are still trapped in the dream of democracy in its illusion and fantasy of bogus democracy through mere episodes of periodical elections as we see it in Western nations. And that is why our elites perpetually failed to listen to the heart beat of the populace and satisfy the needs of their peoples they claim they stand for. For them the populace is just an intermediate ladder or steeping stone to cling to the upper pyramid of political power and wealth. The mass can not live with out elitism and elites but the mass is better off without irresponsible, corrupt parasitic and blood sucking elitism and elites. The elites can no more irresponsibly cheat the mass under the disguise of bogus democracy implemented through mere elections. Elections are just means not and end by it self. What the mass ultimately and primarily wants is its material and emotional needs meet as an end-game. It does not as such matter who is who in power and in whatever means who comes to power which is secondary and not as such primary. And eventually I want to assert that the unnecessary antagonistic rivalry, that seems like life and death, among our elites only serve foreign interest. Therefore, we want elites who are not trapped in this perplexing cocoon, and who understand, love and respect one another beyond power mongering, and also get united in unison to save this historical nation from the looming destruction. We want nationalist, considerate, human, honest ,responsible elites with wisdom and intrinsic-virtues and values and indeed such elites are indispensable for any nation. We do not want racist stooge comprador elites like Meles/TPLF who are inhuman, racist, parasitic, rent-seeking, corrupt, irresponsible elites who serve primarily foreign interest more than own peoples interest.

    God Bless Ethiopia!!!

  17. Dawi
    | #17

    Belay said:

    [[..What many supporters did not realize at the time was the total secrecy of the central core of the TPLF political wing. In earnest how can some one believe that the TPLF can go ahead alone to empower only a segment of such a huge population...]]

    I don’t know about you but it seems to me Meles’s Dictatorship has today over shadowed his party organization which came to power using Mao’s famous aphorism “power grows out of the barrel of a gun”. His Developmental State Theory seems to be sticking as a new vision for our country [millennium Dam and all] above the draw backs of the Woyane organization that brought him to power.

    That doesn’t mean TPLF/EPRDF is non existent and the situation won’t revert back in a heart beat to the organization’s rules in case something happens to Meles. Regardless, characteristics or the “central core of TPLF/EPRDF” will not disappear overnight; I don’t think – but IMO, Meles’s version of China Model if given a chance has the capabilities of empowering the ordinary “man/women” to go beyond ethnic politics and what ever “total secrecy of Woyane” there is and other demagoguery of ethnic or other.

  18. Dawi
    | #18

    My freind Girum said:

    [[.. We do not want racist stooge comprador elites like Meles/TPLF who are inhuman, racist, parasitic, rent-seeking, corrupt, irresponsible elites who serve primarily foreign interest more than own peoples interest....]]

    Girum – you gave the most comprehensive analysis of our predicament – Kudos to you! but, for Ethiopia to get where she wants to reach quickly we need to implement the “China Model” and Meles is playing that historical role unless you come up with another scheme. Let us hear it if you have a quicker model.

    The China Model works by opening up all doors and let in foreign capital; Agriculture [Karaturi] , technology [shoe factory Huajian Group China] management skills like [French Telecom] to help guide us initially to be self sufficient, export base and engage with your favorite global market.

    The State makes sure it keeps control over the strategic sectors of the economy as in China where utilities, transportation, telecommunications, finance, and the media is under Meles. If that makes one “comprador elite ” , I say so be it because the game requires it.

    Here is the reason why he needs to be “rent seeking”; The past dictators like Mengestu failed when soviet “aid” dwindled and the economy failed and the liberation movements EPLF/TPLF with western “aid” took advantage of that situation. The China Model helps the State gain access to huge wealth by creaming the “rent” via EFFORT etc. while at the same time creating jobs so that the population becomes better off and supportive because they see a better future. It is no more depending on 100% foreign “aid” as in the past authoritarians. When donors turn their face around Meles won’t be holding empty bags with his hands.

    And who is Meles supposed to be “racist” against? His own race. C’Mon!!

    Dictatorshipip focusing on development may neglect the rights & welfare of the minority but such things are same in Democracies where “the rule of the majority” is suposed to be the game.

  19. kentu
    | #19

    is there economical development in ethiopia? the answer in yes. yes ethiopia is pgrogressing in fast track than any body in this planet but all there development in like a time bomb. younow why like a very nice building right without base it looks building from ouside but inside is empty becouse before mater development priority in unity, equality, one central government and one national laungage i will meet you after 5 years no more ethiopia becouse we didnt do any action against tplf regiom don;t blame any body exccept our self we need to stop this mess before too lateit will start from afar 2 gambella;3 ogadin,4debub 5 amhara6 oromo7 tigray we need to stop befor too late

  20. aha!
    | #20

    While the authors are beating around the bush around a side line theory of elitisism, autoritarinian ethnicism, Belay has uncovered the exploitation, political and economic strangle hold of the country’s resources and its people by TPLF and TPLF affilaited enterpises in the name of rehabiltation program for Tigray people with their intentions being clear in 1992, as well as the funding of non-productive projects by IMF and World Bank in Tigray. This shows unbalanced focus on developing Tigray at the sacrifice of other regions, and yet creating an appartheid system of governance of self-rule and separate development of the Killil mengistats, giving TPLF and TPLF affiliated enterprises the status of the Dutch Boers of Southe then South Africa.

  21. Dawi
    | #21

    aha! said:
    [[..This shows unbalanced focus on developing Tigray at the sacrifice of other regions…]],

    Compared what Ethiopia is going to be after the Millennium Dam, Gibe 3 and all commercial farms, sugar, shoes factories at full speed what ever peasant rehabilitation or some manufacturing etc Woyane/EFFORT helped/established in Tigrai is going to be peanuts compared to the bigger picture. As they say we Ain’t seen nothing yet! :-)

    Yes, everything in Tigrai seems to be scaled up to whole country; unfortunately, that includes the political repression.

    IMO, no Ethiopian should get out of shape of the rehab program in Tigrai. It is a poor region and whatever is done there will only be helping poor Ethiopians where repeated battles Ethiopia fought against foreign intervention that devastated our land took place.

    While we are at it, just read MIT of Mekele hired a German citizen as a president of the University with freedom to do “what ever he wants” free from the intervention of Woyane cadres. Isn’t that something? Well, my take is as the school is open to all in Ethiopia; I don’t have a problem with it. Tigrai from what I read is open to all Ethiopians to live and work and because of heavy military presence there, many children born there are multi-national. I may be naïve but, I also don’t think Meles sees race/ethnic nor have a racist bone in him. He can be anything else but not a segregationist.

  22. ጉረኞች
    | #22

    Note that your brethren Gedey Zeratsion said recently in ESAT interview that Meles dictatorship has run its course starting from MLLT to 21 years in power. It is too old to grow, it is in course of decaying. I totally agree with his assessment. So don’t put your all youር buck on him. የዝህን አለም ሩጫ ጨርሻለሁ የሚለው የመቃብር ድንጋይ መልኣክት ማስታወሱ ሳይጠቅም አይቀርም!!

  23. Kuraz
    | #23


    I agree with youin that we can not liberate Ethiopia through the chatroom politcs.We are in this condition ,among other things,the country’s intellectuls in the early days of the struggle were able to influence the direction of the struggle.They told us without any data the poosiblity of a democratic transition.Through such means tahe majority were shut out from the process on the question of what course of acation to follow.

    The majority of Ethiopians specially thos who have intimately known TPLF leaders called for Armed struggle.Unfortunately, it was learned men who took the stage to drown the voice of the mass.

    Now,coming to your point.The political analysts in these forum are comic writers.I said this because they have no heart what soever for the country. They know that they have willingly vacated from the contest long ago. This seems to be the case why they appear,as some one said long ago,like YEMESKEL WEFE once in a blue moon here.And when they do we have such trivial comic. Sega bilu Tafia! and Wende tra bilut Alecha. I am so sorry for saying this but I think with the excption of some I like to see many intelectuals taking the back sit,and the ordinary citizens decide what on what courst to take.

  24. Rule of Law
    | #24

    This paragraph seems to have come from some one who is far distant from the realities in which the people of Tigrai find themselves in. What makes you think that the people of Tigrai are the beneficiary just TPLF happen to be in charge of the country?

  25. Dawi
    | #25


    The “China model” came out of the old Dog of the “ancient” CCP, by the capitalist roader, the revisionist chieftain Teng Hsiao-Ping. Don’t get distracted by other cloud from the issue here;look into just the “model”

    So I don’t know what “my brethren” is talking about? :) 21 years in “Dog” years in power relative to Ethiopia’s complicated political history is peanuts. Didn’t China kept inward for some 25 yrs from outsiders?

    Don’t also hate the “model” because of the messenger alone. As Girum said “Socialism” should be looked at separate from Mengistu & associates.

    Is the “China model” the fastest way to liberal democracy? I think “my brethren” Meles has cracked some nuts on the subject

  26. love
    | #26

    Wow Girum, I believe you have done your home work well with what is going on today.

    Here is another option regarding elites. Is it possible to make elites in leadership? What is elitism anyway? Is it because they are appointed in higher position or are wealthy? Therefore, we should not brand or give negative connotation of elitism. I also don’t believe that elitism if it is considered bad, can exist without rallying of population or indifference. Therefore, elitism may not exist if people take the responsibility of making the people they appoint if they vote for them, accountable. This is in a true sense of democracy that is. So elitism comes when there is no unison among people. Otherwise elitism will not have a chance to exist if the population as a whole are regulating whom they elected. People have forgotten why politicians in the first place are appointed? The populous that is not divided and is in unison must make sure that the politicians work for the population not the other way around. When that happens elitism does not exist. I appreciate the humbleness when American politicians concede to the winner. This is in my opinion one of the wisdom of American democracy. Losing election is not about ego or self rightousness, it is about for the betterment of society but not about the politicans, until perhaps some where between 2000 and 2008 things in America started to get weird. So my point is elitism does not come unless people make them to be by being indifferent, fearful of the elites. In united society, elitism will be nipped in the butt before it becomes cancer. Better yet, heck, it is all about the population anywyas what kind of government we should get. The refusal of unity, tolerance, beauty in diversity is what leads the demise of the population, creation of elitism and creation of dictatorship.

    I also beleive that the notion that foreign ideology could be applicable to Ethiopia or any nation is absurd. I beleive the peaceful, stable society is really exactly learning from the average people of the nation, the peasntry, elderly, etc. it is preserving these ways of leaving from the, “normal” people who may be not educated or educated, etc. that the types of governing should be applied. Education and copying of ideas I believe should be used when transfering technology to develop from outisde. This even by itself could make the nation to pay higher price. Leave the politics and governing to the traditional way of living among the population. After all, why create chaos in a society that is already stable and just society? Of course this doesn’t mean there is shouldn’t be reform of what is lacking. But still, the “normal” population who just want to live peaceful have and do create solution also, it is natural way. If it aint broke, don’t fix it.

  27. ጉረኞች
    | #27

    Dawi you said
    “Is the “China model” the fastest way to liberal democracy?” The answer is emphatically NO. It is good to know that you are targeting liberal democracy. I didn’t know what to make of your view rather than keeping your man on the helm. If your goal is reach at liberal democratic system, why would you choose the dark alley way of China. Any country can walk straight to it via implementing electoral democracy sooner. Witness Latin American countries like Brazil and what have you. There is no point of going through dark alley of dictatorship of China in hope that we might see the light one day by accident as there is no guarantee to that. Our friend Girum, although he uses the word socialism so often he is not far out from prescribing liberal democracy to Ethiopia. He is in favor of removing the midget dictator as fast as possible, he is in favor of removing corrupt bureaucrats ASAP, he is in favor of regulated market economy to accumulate capital within the country, he is in favor of checks and balances in government, etc. All of his prescriptions are not far from Western model. He is far closer to the already proved western model than the wild card China dictatorial model. When you put to test Girum’s arguments, he cannot escape from implementing electoral process, although it looks like his is arguing against it for now. Our people deserve to choose who can lead them out from poverty and bring back food to the table and Ethiopian dignity to them. I just don’t see that happening with tyrannical regime ans fanatic socialist running the country.

  28. Girum
    | #28

    Dear love how are you
    We have to admit that we can not be out of the social and natural laws.
    And hence accordingly we have to accept the essence of division of responsibility, skill and labor.
    Dear love and indeed we have to accept that the entire life and universe is intricately interwoven by the laws of love the laws of oneness under Almighty God. So we have to accept social and natural laws of God starting from our family makeup and neighborhood. A man can not become a woman and a woman can not become a man. The brain of my PC, the processor and co-processors are the most decisive role player in processing of any information. But what is the essence and purpose of the processor without other hardware or software? And what is the essence of the rich man without the poor or the ordinary mass? And also the essence and purpose of Meles without the mass?What is the essence of our brain without our eyes, ears, hearts or legs, lung, liver alone? The essence of oneness in one love of almighty God is what makes sense and essence. And hence elitisms or elites with out the ordinary mass is even meaningless and worthless. What things turn out to be very stupid and inhuman is when the ‘glory’ of one person or group, in case of bad elites, is achieved by the misery and disgrace of many peoples. And to the contrary we human beings celebrate the glory of one person or group, in case of good elites, when this glory is directly or indirectly becomes the glory of the mass as well. And it is in this sentiment that we either mistrust/hate/disrespect or to the contrary trust/love/respect our leaders and kings, the so called elites. And that is why I repeatedly asserted that the primary intrinsic-virtues of love, respect and trust with in a nation is the most vital thing beyond the secondary boundary of stereotypical bogus democracy and dictatorship. The natural and social phenomenon in our life, that is family, is built on the foundations of this primary intrinsic-virtues of love, respect and trust. And what is that much significantly different to build a nation than a family? Is it not true that a nation is the collection of different families? How much our governments give proper attention and care for a family? Is it not true that Neo-Liberalism even does not respect and even disregard the intrinsic-virtues and values of family just because it is some how not comfortable with the inner workings of Global Capitalism that strives mainly for the sake of Money-Capital-Accumulation through Money-Capital-Sequencing in that it depicts human beings just as a mere black-box for this money input and more money output machination? So under the current global-social order, where money is the meta-governing rule of the day, humanity is disgraced from its respected throne. The mass simply ignorantly and innocently trusts the elites but the elites time and again arrogantly and irresponsibly betrays the mass. And some times in this regard, when the laws of love are disregarded and start to live by the mere order of the day, it is some how a bit dishonesty to simply blame the elites while the majority mass is not well awakened and enlightened failed to protect itself so that it voluntarily bows in docile like plebs and paves the way for the abuse of the elites. And due to this overwhelming reality, Electoral democracy only works efficiently in environment and society where the majority mass is well enlightened and awakened and well empowered to defend itself from any sort of abuse by the corrupt and irresponsible elites. For example look what the crafty Meles/TPLF have been doing for the last 21 years in that they know the religion, culture, tradition and psychological makeup of Ethiopian society and cunningly and irresponsibly how they thrived to mischievously manipulate and abuse Ethiopian innocent mass. How do you govern your own beloved family you know very well its every weakness and strength till its every day to day breath? Do you take advantage of the weakness of your own family in order to abuse your own family? Rather as a sane person you nurture your family in that you try to rectify the weakness if you can, or at least accept if you can not change and also cultivate and maintain the strength of your family? Why not same natural and social phenomenon applied on a certain nation? Why our Ethiopian elites usually tend to become a die-hard crafty person?
    I think deep inside we have to work hard our own homework with regard to our own humanity and its inherent dynamism and its inherent challenges in this body. Before our leaders as a certain elitist group strive for power with such an insane tendency of power-mongering then they better do some sort of challenging home-works with regard to their own internal humanity and its inherent dynamism and its inherent challenges. Its is well known that when some one is at peace with his own humanity then he is also at peace with others(stops personal abuse) and with his surrounding environment(stops substance-abuse) and consequently refrains from unnecessary infighting for power and dominance. As some prominent scholars in the field of this human psychology and human dynamism says so we all are some how wounded-souls. And hence our elites and leaders too are wounded souls too. And that is why the usual stereotypical party politics alone failed to solve our wounded souls and wounded nation as a whole especially at the times of ethnically driven Meles/TPLF in collaboration with Global capitalism where new unfamiliar foreign things imported as it is directly with out proper scrutiny in a way that severely challenges and shatters our own inherent Ethiopian society social fabric. The disease of Ethiopian politics is the reflection of our own internal wounded-souls scenario as an Ethiopian and also as a human being. And hence it is so silly, unwise and dysfunctional to fix this sort of pervasively entrenched deep-rooted problem through stereotypical party politics and mere electoral democracy? So the fashionable language of the day, bogus democracy that is mainly driven by the motive of power-mongering, that our political and intellectual elites has been indulging and hyping has to be some how changed and adapted in a way that can fit the inherent disease and the problem. For example until recently the issue of the current global social order of Global Capitalism and its neo-liberal policies and its pervasively entrenched socio-political and socio-economic systemic effects has not been as such properly addressed in our Ethiopian Intellectual elites and politicians except they time and again reiterate the same hype and humdrum of electoral democracy. When I say SOCIALISM,I mean “Social-Values” and “Common-Goods” in such a very simple and straight forward interpretation and essence. And indeed Capitalism has to be ‘adapted’ in such a way that it can serve the ultimate end-game of such intrinsic-virtues and values of those “Social-Values” and “Common-Goods” in our day to day life. The order of the day, where money capital rules, then those “Social-Values” and “Common-Goods” and also called Social-Capital and Natural-Capital are becoming just mere inputs or intermediate by-products but not ultimate end-game products, who mainly serve the usual pervasively setup of the business cycle of money capital. This is even how Ethiopia, Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians have been mercilessly and diabolically sacrificed by Meles/TPLF as stooges of global-Capitalism and its neo-Liberal policies in exchange for bribed Money on the altars of our history. And hence our Ethiopian elites better refrain from blindly worshiping such system of Global-Capitalism implemented in its Neo-Liberal policies under the misleading disguise of Liberal-Economy(free-Market Economy)and Liberal-Democracy that has been causing such a pervasively entrenched and deep-rooted socio-economic and socio-political chaos.
    One of the main sources of the power of Meles/TPLF for its ethnically driven abusive, looting, oppressive, corrupt governance is that of foreign powers especially Western countries like US and UK.
    Why they help Meles/TPLF? Because they are Communist or Socialist or Revolutionary-Democrat? If the answer is yes then it is some how silly and laughable based on practical reality. I can not judge and evaluate the hearts and minds of the Meles/TPLF elites whether they believe in Revolutionary Democracy and its related Socialism or communism as their faith. They may camouflage MLLT(Marxist Leninist League Tigray) as if they are Communists as a temporary tactical approach to agitate the poor peoples of Tigray and make them their supporter so that they can topple Derge regime. But strategically they were stooges of foreign forces to advance the imperialistic neo-colonial projects of Global capitalism in order to weaken and disintegrate Ethiopia starting from secession of Eritrea.
    If the elites of Meles/TPLF were really MLLT and really Communists during that time then they would have tried their best to properly deal with the communist Derg with same ideology. Based on the last 21 years of governance, we have to be well aware and remember that Meles/TPLF are such a sheer hypocrites and hence what they talk and what they do is entirely contradictory. They do not have that much odor or smell of communists of Socialists or Revolutionary democrats the way we experienced it as is in the case of Derg that was so extrovert in its action though its actions were wrong or right it might be. Meles/TPLF strive hard to bribe different intellectuals, politicians and famous peoples by money and other privileges unlike Derg which does not have such tendency or schemes As an elitist group why Meles/TPLF do this? Because they themselves have been bribed and abused for the last 3 or more decades as stooges by foreign powers and like wise they have same tendency to do same things on their Ethiopian subjects. Any way the order of the day, where money rules, money is both our killer and savior depending on how unwise or wise we are in using it. Like Yehuda did worst thing to Jesus for sake of mere 30 Dinars then similarly Meles/TPLF sold this nation for the sake of money obtained through foreign aid and donation. It sells off and exports even our little girls, in such unprecedented scale, through modern slavery to Arabs. Does Socialism or communism has such immoral and inhuman back history? If any I am eager to hear about it? Unbridled lust for Money is the main source of evil and sin. The order of the day, the Meta-Governing rules of global Capitalism in its neo-liberal form, the fittest, under any cost of others (even mass misery, disease, impoverishment, war, occupation, death, mass killings, drug, etc) survives and wins (like that of Darwinism in its natural selection) and also every thing, including human beings, is a commercial item that can be involved in the process of Money-Capital-Sequencing for the sake of Money-Capital-Accumulation as an end-game is something that becomes so pervasive in a way that is neither detected nor checked by the majority of us. This is the rule of the game and not as such the misleadingly hyped disguise of Liberal-democracy and Liberal-Economy in its showy sense. How about the current situation in Ethiopia is it not evolving in to becoming like this in its reflection? Is it not disturbing and dismantling our inherent and viable social-fabric and class structures of Ethiopians and its related Ethiopiawinet? I am afraid that the majority of the current Ethiopian Elites, knowingly or unknowingly, are siding with this monstrous system of the order of the day. And indeed that is why Alebrt Einstein once said that you can not solve a certain problem by the very mechanisms which have caused the very problem in the first place.
    And that is why we talk so many thousands of symptoms of the diseases of socio-economic problems but we have lost wisdom and audacity to scrutinize or figure out as to what is the very cause of the disease. Systemic inherent problems can not be solved by superficial temporary external reforms on the system and hence radical change based on enlightenment and awakening that enables paradigm-shift through gradual process (like a child’s growth) has to be implemented to come out of the quandary. For me the intrinsic-virtues and values of Socialism like that of it’s Welfare-State has to be again revived from its demonized disregarded and thrown away dustbins. The entropy, that has massively caused global mass impoverishment and to the contrary minority few wealth accumulation in such unprecedented scale, especially during the last 20 years of Neo-Liberal hegemony, has to be again balanced in such a way that the global mass has to be liberated from the bondages and slavery of Global Capital. The massive economic Privatization that has been implemented by Meles/TPLF for the last 21 years has to be balanced by the massive economic Nationalization. The chaotic Deregulation has to be balanced by proper Regulation. Meles/TPLF pretends as if it is doing such a responsible Regulation,( but mainly aimed for those out of its secluded domain)after its pervasive Deregulation(but mainly aimed for its secluded domain) that enabled few TPLFites to accumulate plundered wealth of this nation. While a certain Governmental Enterprises like Ethiopian Airlines or Ethiopian Telecommunication or Ethiopian electric Corporation can have ample capacity to build their own offices then why they rent in such expensive expenses from the TPLFites buildings(even some unfinished) even built by corrupt loan from commercial bank? In today’s Ethiopia some TPLFites borrow 10 Million Birr from commercial Bank of Ethiopia and then immediately plunges to undertake some artificial and not feasible and not viable project that is only worth 5 million birr and then when the project fails then the commercial Bank forecloses that 5 Million birr worth project as a liability and then the debtor gets relived of his loan by this corrupt foreclosure and then takes away the remaining 5 Million birr in cash. This how the order of the day business in Ethiopia under Meles/TPLF. So one of the temporary solutions for such malpractices is that the governmentally owned commercial Banks or investment banks are primarily and mainly limited to as credit sources for Government owned economic activities and projects and like wise the Private Banks for Private economic activities as a credit source. And also for such a proper check and balance the economic activity has to be hybrid in that the government/Public and the Private has to work in such well regulated market order. There has to be economic service alternatives not only limited with in the domain of private economic sector but also across domains between the government/Public economic sector and the Private economic sector. This is how we can establish such a sane well regulated viable economic order where it is possible to defend the economic freedom of the mass from the exploitation and abuse of few monopolistic capitalist elites. Competition has to be sane not like a life and death survival issue. The common-goods and social-values of our society have to be respected and protected from the primarily profit-driven predatory political and economic system. This how you protect the rights of the mass not by simply giving election ballots so that they eternally get trapped in the vicious-cycle of choosing between two or three parties every periodic election in the suspenseful hopes that some party one day fulfils the interest of the mass. So most importantly to have a check and balance system to protect the mass from the abuse of the elites behind the control state-power machination is for the mass to have its won realm of shadowy social network governance system through different civic institutions so that it can not be fully dependent on the government and also on the few elites for its own day to day life activities and its survival. For example having public banking having public education institutions etc can make the mass liberated from elitist rule. So check and balance and alternative choice as much as possible and appropriate at every grass root-level is very important for a sane system. And if this is the case the government becomes our universal mediator where our collective will and interest is respected and maintained. And it is when such things happens that Democracy, that is government by the people for the people through direct participation, in its truest sense and essence becomes realized. When we reach such civilized level then when we talk about government then it means Governance in its intrinsic-virtues and values and not just such a mere narrow and shallowly embodiment and personification of leaders at the apex of the power structure that is inculcated out of mere power mongering. And when we have that essence in that realm of civilization then our elites reduce their unbridled lust for power out of power mongering. And when we have that essence in that realm of civilization then we assume that every body is a leader of own life. And if every body is really in control and a leader of his/her own individual life and fate which makes someone fulfilled and happy, then why he/she strives through unnecessary infighting to become the leader of other peoples life? I tell you frankly if Meles/TPLF had been the leader of their own individual life in the truest sense then they would not have strived in such life and death die-hard scenario to have such insane control and abuse of the mass. For example look our Almighty God who is the ultimate unrivaled sole elite and the way we are ruled. God govern us with our own will power to decide our own fate and indeed God does not interfere unfairly, undesirably and unnecessarily in our day today life. Even God does not directly and automatically force us to believe in him and also does not deny us neither air nor sunlight nor whatever we are needed just because we do not believe in God. So who the hell are we to do the opposite of this on our same siblings? So unfairly, undesirably and unnecessarily driven elitism with the main motive of having control and power over others is dysfunctional and insane in that it is not only politically dysfunctional but also psychologically dysfunctional .We do not see or face God directly as a certain visible government but we are ruled by the inalienable intrinsic-virtues of God and hence what we see is governance. So the usually perverted essence of governance that is usually applied that like I will kick you if you do not accept this or that is so dysfunctional. Even it is not working with our kids let alone with a matured adult. So elitist rule and elitism as long as it is indispensable and has its own inherent acceptable inalienable intrinsic-virtues, especially is a society where the majority mass is not yet/still awakened enlightened and empowered, then we have to be governed by it. What matters most is fairness, justice, love, respect and trust. And indeed when the lows of love and oneness works then elitism is not such a bad thing. Elitist rule and elitism is so worst whenever there exist corruption of morality, abuse of power, greed and lack of proper love. Elitist rule and elitism has to exit if there has to be social, political and natural order and harmony. Look the way bees and ants work and live together and also the way a human family is working and living. So when politics sometimes gets it reflection from nature itself then it becomes so sane. Our political elites and intellectual elites only tell us the problem is mainly as to “who is who” in power only. Who is who in power is such a necessary condition but not as such by itself a sufficient condition. The mass has to be enlightened awakened and empowered in such a way that is can identify rectify and defend it self from the abuse of power monger elites at the apex of the power structures. By the time the mass is enlightened ,awakened and empowered then the fate of the socio-political and socio-economic system of a certain nation shall not fall under the monopoly grips of minority elites. Proper check and balance has to be devised in such a way that the mass checks and disapproves the elites not only based on electoral votes that happens only every 4 or 5 years but also I our day to day life of our socio-political and socio-economic system. Yes or No voting has to be devised in such a way that it is only an indication of punishment and not punishment by itself. Elites respect the mass and hence refrain from any act of crafty abuse against the mass as long as the mass is awakened ,enlightened and empowered in all aspects of life be it economically or politically or intellectually. However, under the current socio-political and socio-economic system of Ethiopia then the mass can not do this without the vanguard leadership of wise, responsible, loving, sane, considerate, human, moral indispensable elites. The saddest part of our history, during this time of the incumbent Meles/TPLF rule, is that after the emergence of Derg regime to power then elitisms based on Ethnicity was significantly curbed and minimized, then it again revived by Meles/TPLF perpetual ethnic instigation and enticing. The ethnically based and driven elitism that existed prior to the emergence of Dereg, during the rule of kings and emperors, was some was significantly curbed and minimized after the emergence of Derg regime. And for this historical phase shift then the emergence of Socialist ideology by Derg plays such a great role to make the Ethiopian society such a homogeneous one irrespective of its ethnic differences. The emergence of Socialist ideology by Derg plays such a great role to make the majority lower class poor Ethiopian society to unite despite ethnic differences. However, after Meles/TPLF managed to cling to power then they reinvigorate the previous ethnicity and has brought it to the forefront despite the fact that they claimed they had been fighting to overthrow Derg regime. It is well known that it was Derg who severely wakened the long lasting Amhara elitist rule by overthrowing the last Emperor Haileselsie from Power. Then why TPLF/Meles diabolically wanted to again reinvigorate the ethnic agenda unless they have such diabolical foreign forces driven hidden interest and agenda to dismantle this historical nation under the disguise of fighting Amhara elitist rule.
    Why they Meles/TPLF want to make the Amhara Elitist rule, and indeed eventually the entire Amharas, for any thing bad that happened in the Tigrigna speaking society and region. If that is the case like wise why not the Amharas blame the rule of Emperor Yohaness for poverty and backwardness of Amaharas?
    What sort of resources and wealth Emperor Meneilk or Emperor Haileselassie as such looted from Tigray region, like the way Meles/TPLF does, in a way that can cause such severe impoverishment of Tigray region in a way that can lead to the moral basis of the ensuing demonizing of those Amhara Elites? Why Meles/TPLF elites thrive to make Amhara such a perfect scapegoat through such conspiracy theoery? The Meles/TPLF elites themselves do not as such believe in their own manufactured conspiracy theory regarding the blaming the Amhara elites for the backwardness and impoverishment of Tigray region? Then why they do this sort of conspiracy theory that was firstly induced among their own Tigray peoples and then now days to other peoples of Ethiopia? For the Tigray peoples to agitate them in a more fervent way so that they have such a good ample moral basis and legitimacy to uniquely launch opposition and fighting against the Derg regime. For the rest Ethiopian peoples they tell this manufactured conspiracy-theory mostly covertly and sometimes overtly, just in order to induce and indoctrinate the mass that Meles/TPLF has the required moral legitimacy and righteousness to loot the resources and wealth of the rest of the nation and then rehabilitate Tigray region with this looted wealth and resources. The very essence and inception of EFFORT is with such corrupt and heinous motive and agenda so that they can loot the rest of the nation in such unprecedented scale. The entire scheme of Meles/TPLF elitism seems that is has some sort of neo-colonial workings, undertakings and deliberations that has past historical attachments to previous old colonialism related to the invasion of Italy. And due to this, according to covert sentiments of Meles/TPLF elites, it sometimes appears that Emperor Menilik or Haileselasie must not have been gallantly defending the nation from colonial aggression by Italy. For Meles/TPLF elites, it seems that they prefer colonial Italy to rule them rather than their local brothers of Amhara Elites rule them. So they even covertly blame Amhara elites for defending the nation from the aggression of colonial Italy. So when they manufacture such conspiracy theory in a way that makes Amhara Elites such a perfect Scapegoat for the entire backwardness and impoverishment of Tigray region(indeed it is well known that we are all the same as a nation in this regard) then it has such a clandestine motive of being a perfect stooge to serve any potential foreign imperialist and neo-colonialism interest and agenda under this manufactured conspiracy theory pretext.
    So such Meles/TPLF stooge comprador-elite type of elitism is the one that has been damaging this nation severely to such degree of destruction. The same type of manufactured conspiracy theory that has been inculcated by secessionist OLF until recently, beyond what is deserved and sensible, has been also clandestinely driven by same potential foreign imperialist and neo-colonialism interest and agenda. I think, based on the information being talked through G7,OLF has now been striving to rectify such sort of stooge comprador-elite mentality and has become a pro-unity force in respecting and maintaining one Nation Ethiopia under the auspice of freedom, equality ,democracy and justice for all peoples of Ethiopia without any discrimination really appreciate such improvements by forces like OLF. So the most important and vital question has become in that do our elites betray and clandestinely side with other foreign forces as irresponsible stooge comprador-elite or they responsibly and honestly side with the mass as the way they overtly and officially claim they stand for. Any way elitism has become such an indispensable reality in today’s Ethiopia and time will tell us every thing in the future.

    God Bless Ethiopia!!!

  29. Girum
    | #29

    Dear ጉረኞች how are you.
    I have never ever opposed or supported Western style democracy in black and white terms.So there are times where Western style democracy is neither a necessary condition nor a sufficient condition. And indeed there are also times where Western style democracy is such a necessary condition but not a sufficient condition. However never ever electoral democracy becomes such a sufficient condition by itself. So
    Please do not frame me in a way that meets your paradigm setup and please come to the grey area instead of the black and white one mentality. We can not simply create or invent our own fantasy world truth and hence we only discover truth so there is no reason that we must not be abide by long time tested socio-economic and socio-political viable traditions. So there is no reason that we can become so belligerent and uncivilized to become totally against Western style democracy.
    If you are volunteer to understand what I have been saying is that the Western style Democracy, due to the intricacy of the nature of global capitalism, has even reached a terminal point where it has to be properly diagnosed and scrutinized in that electoral democracy is being abused for the sake of the inherent interest of minority capitalist elites. So it is not that much reasonable and fair to make absolute reference of Western style democracy whenever we talk about democracy? The other most important thing is that the very essence of democracy, if really it has to exist, has to be universal across all domains. That means not only with in a domain of a certain nation but also across all different domain of nations. If you refer Western style democracy and USA or UK or France as deemed as guardians of Democracy then why there exists discriminatory veto power in UN and why not we have equal voice in UN?Dear brother I am not even opposing why there has to exit Veto power but I am just remembering it according to your own framing and views regarding Western style democracy. Look for example India has a population of around 1 Billion peoples but no Veto power in UN if we take it based on counting peoples. Same is true for Africa whose population is larger than USA or UK or France but Africa has no any Veto power even as a single continent? So things in the real world are not the way we fantasize about democracy? Think of R2P (Responsibility To Protect) endorsed by UN during Koffee Anan Secretariat times. The civilized west has responsibility to be guardian of the 3rd world and so we are under patronage? Think of the deteriorating essence of sovereign Nation-State. If there is no democracy for a certain 3rd world weak sovereign Nation-State then how comes there can sustainable and reliably exists democracy for individuals in those sovereign Nation-State? So those Western Nations who strive to preach us by hyping about individual democracy through Liberal-Democracy, if they can and are willing, have to be consistent or congruent rectifying their hypocrisy. I am even saying this according to your views and I am not even as such expecting it in my own. So please do not frame me like this and in a way that meets your self-prophesy. I am not that much opposing you but please do not try to frame me in black and white terms regarding Western style democracy.

  30. ጉረኞች
    | #30

    Selam Girum
    From your numerous contribution to this forum, I’ve noted that we are not that far apart in our objective. I do not have any heartburn with the points I disagree with you either, though I sometime think you have a misplaced priority. My priority is local i.e. only specific to Ethiopia. At this juncture of Ethiopia’s history, global capitalism do not bother me too much. Because, I still believe that, if Ethiopia has the right democratic government with checks and balances, our people will manage to get rid off extreme poverty with out being bothered by global capitalism. In fact, with such kind of government global capitalism could be used to our advantage and a great asset to make up for time we lost in development and the technology we do not have. With diverse ethnicity and interest groups Ethiopia has, the only way peaceful way I know to have such government is through electoral process and a fair balanced electoral rules. In my view the traditional virtue and values you are mentioning in your write-ups will not make up for the values of democracy, but they could be good ancillary in puts to the system. That is why I say whatever you say, whichever way you said it, the bottom line is the freedom of people choose their leaders. I do not see any other way to form a functional and effective governments, other than providing power to the people themselves. We should not rely too much on western nations to do everything for us, neither we expect them to do everything right. Ultimately, they are responsible for their own nations and defend their own interest. What we can do is to learn from their success. It is as simple as using the good and discarding the bad. That is exactly what we consistently failed to do.

  31. Girum
    | #31

    የተከበርከው ጉረኞች፡፡
    በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ በዚህ አይነት ስልጡን የሰከነ መንገድ መከራከራችንን ልናከብረውና ልንወደው ይገባል፡፡ይህንንም እያልኩኝ ያለሁት ያለፉትን 100 ዓመታት ትተን ቢያንስ የቅርቡን የደርግንና የዘመነ ወያኔን ብንወስድ አጠቃላዩ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ በምክንያታዊነት አስተሳሰብ ላይ በተመረኮዘ ያለ የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍና የጎደለው ነው፡፡ማለትም አጠቃላዩ ህይወታችንና ከዚህም በመነጨ ያለው ፖለቲካው ከምክንያታዊነት የአእምሮ አስተሳሰብ ይልቅ በአብዛኛው ደመ-ነፍሳዊነትና ስሜታዊነት ይበዛበታል፡፡I mean it is not in such a balanced form of both subconscious/emotional as well as conscious/rational and hence it is rather more of subconscious/emotional than being conscious/rational. I hope you very well know that we human beings are both emotional and rational and hence our life is a matter of balance between the two. We are all the time in struggle and challenge between the two aspects of our humanity. As you know the subconscious/emotional part is that of our very primordial origin and it is very related to our evolutionary life and death survival basis. So we can not live with out this subconscious/emotional aspect of our human dynamism. Now my question is how much we are evolving and ready in to a full-fledged conscious human being? I mean in a way to eventually accept and apply the virtues of democracy whose intrinsic-virtue of origin is our divine freedom? I am not that much against demanding democracy but what I am not as such comfortable is that of simply demanding without supporting existing realities. I do not think you ጉረኞች will be on the league of those who are simply demanding democracy without supporting existing realities. So that is why I once previously mentioned that democracy is under the mercy of exiting realties and the conditions of human dynamism. So our human dynamism (Human evolutionary process in order to become a well conscious full-fledged human being) in this body determines our essence of freedom and democracy. Look the developmental psychology of we human beings starting from the infancy stage. And like wise we can take the analogy for a certain person/society/nation in a certain time-space frame. So if a child is so eager to hold a good looking fire then it will get hurt. And like wise you do not give a just born infant a hard fatty food lest it will get hurt. And when the Westerners mock at us that we do not deserve democracy it is in this sentiment. However please do not misinterpret it directly that I do not mean we do not deserve democracy. Every human being is created in the image and likeness of God and hence deserves every virtue God has endowed him to celebrate and enjoy. If you get my point as Ethiopians and as a nation Ethiopia, at this time-space frame, at what point of human dynamism (Human evolutionary process in order to become a well conscious full-fledged human being) in this body determines our essence of freedom and democracy. So we can not simply venture and then make copy-paste operation of either Western-Style Democracy or that of China Developmental-State as Dawi is hyping it.ለዚህም ነው በተደጋጋሚ በዋናነት ለስልጣን ብቻ ሲባል የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ እንደ እድርና እቁብ በችኮላ ከመመስረታችንና በዚህም እይታ ስለ ምእራቡ አለም ዲሞክራሲ ከማቀንቀናችን በፊት የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍናችን ምንድን ነው ብለን በሰከነ መንገድ እንጠይቅ እንመርምር ስል የነበረው፡፡ስለዚህም ቢያንስ ያለፈ የሺህ ዘመናት ታሪካችን እንደዚሁም ከዚህ ጋር የተያያዘው ሃይማኖታችን (ክርስትናው እስልምናውና ሌላውም) እንደዚሁም ባህላችን ወጋችን ኪነ-ጥበባችን እድራችን ቁባችን ገዳችን ወዘተ ሁሉ ከዘመኑ ዲሞክራሲ ጋር የሚኖረውን ቁርኝት በሰከነ መንገድ በጥሞና መመርመርና መጠየቅ አለብን፡፡ስለዚህም እራሳችን መጀመሪያ እንደ ሰው ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ ቤተሰብ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ ጎረቤት ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ ማህበረሰብ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ ብሄር ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜጋ ማህበረሰብ ህዝብና ሀገር ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ አፍሪካዊ ማህበረሰብ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ እንደ አለም ማህበረሰብ በጥሞና መመርመርና መጠየቅ አለብን፡፡ይህንን የቤት-ስራችንን በመስራት ግዴታችንንና ሃላፊነታችንን ለመወጣት ስንችል ነው ዲሞክራሲን መጠየቅ(Demand) ብቻም ሳይሆን ማግኘትና ማጣጣም የምንችለው፡፡ያለበለዚያ ግን ዲሞክራሲን ዝም ብሎ መጠየቅ(Demand) ልክ የህይወት ጣጣና ፈተና በቅጡ ያልገባቸው አንዳንድ ሞልቃቃና ቅምጥል የዘመኑ ልጆችና ታዳጊ ወጣቶች “I want this Dad/mom , I want that Dad/mom” እያሉ ነገሮችን ሁሉ እንቀልድ እየጠየቁ ሁሉ እንዲደረግላቸው እንሚፈልጉ አይነት ሰዎች እንዳይሆን እንጠንቀቅ፡፡ይህንን ስል ግን ዛሬ በሚሊዮኖች የሚቆጠር የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ከመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ የሞት የሽረት ጉዳይ የሆኑ መሰረታዊና የህልውና ጉዳይ የሆኑትን የዳቦ ጥያቄና እንደዚሁም የሰብዓዊነትና የኢትዮጵያዊነት የዜግነት ነፃነት መብትና ከብር ጭምር እንደሚያቀርብ ሳይረሳ ነው፡፡
    በቅርቡ ፕሮፌሰር አለማየሁ የኤሊቶች ዲሞክራሲ የሚል አይነት አባባል እንደተጠቀሙ የተወሰነ ጥቂት አረፍተ ነገሮች በጨረፍታ ለማንበብ ችያለሁኝ፡፡ይህንን አባባል ሙሉውን ትርጉም ለማንበብ አስቤያለሁኝ፡፡ነገር ግን ከዚህ በፊት እኔም ይህንን ነገር “Democracy in what domain?” እና አንድ ወቅት ጆርጅ ኦርዌል “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.”የሚለውን በአባባል በመጠቀም በኢትዮጵያችን በዘመኑ እየተቀነቀነ ያለውን የፓርቲ ፖለቲካ ዲሞክራሲንም ሆነ በምእራቡ አለም ያለውን አይነት ዲሞክራሲ በተወሰነ ለመሞገት እንደሞከርኩኝ ላስታውስህ እፈልጋለሁኝ፡፡ከዚህ ከላይ ከጠቀስኩት ኢትዮጵያውያን ላለፉት 21 ዓመታት በመለስ/ወያኔ አገዛዝ ላይ በመሰረታዊና የህልውና ጉዳይ የሆኑትን የዳቦ ጥያቄና እንደዚሁም የሰብዓዊነትና የኢትዮጵያዊነት የዜግነት ነፃነት መብትና ከብር ጋር በተያያዘ እያነሱት ያለ ጥያቄ የኤሊቱ ዲሞክራሲ ይህንን አይነት አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ የታሪክ ውርደት ክስተት እንዴት ያስተናግደዋል የሚለው ወሳኝ ነገር ነው፡፡ሌላው አንድ ፈፅሞ ችላ ልትለው የማይገባውና ልትጋፈጠው የሚገባው እውነታ እኔና አንዳንድ መሰል ኢትዮጵውያን እያነሳነው ስላለው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ጉዳይ ነው፡፡ጥቂት ዘረኛ ዘራፊ አምባገነንና አረመኔ የሆኑ ልሂቃን ኤሊቶች በየራሳቸው ታዳጊው ሀገር ህዝባቸው ላይ የበላይነት ሃይልን የሚቀዳጁና በዚህም ህዝባቸውንም የሚያሰቃዩ ከሆነ ዘንዳ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እንደ ስርዓት በእያንዳንዱ ሉአላዊ ሀገር ላይ የሚያሳድረውን ከፍተኛ ተፅእኖ እንዴት እንደ ነባራዊ እውነታ ለመቀበል ከበደህ?ይቅርታ እንዲያውም ይህ አይነቱን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓት ከፍተኛ ተፅእኖ ልክ እንደ ፈጣሪ ትእዛዝ ፈፅሞ የማይቀር እውነታ እንደሆነ ስለተቀበልከው መሰለኝ ከአቅማችን በላይ ስለሆነ ይህንን ተወው አይነሳ ይቅር እያልክ ያለኸው፡፡መቀበልህ በዚህ መንገድ ከሆነ ብዙም አልቃወምህም፡፡ነገር ግን በተደጋጋሚ እያወራሁት ያለውን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ስርዓት ከፍተኛ ተፅእኖ እንደ ነባራዊ እውነታ ካልተቀበልከው ግን እዚህ ጋር በሃይለኛው ወራጅ አለ ነው የምለው፡፡
    ለዚህም ነው ከላይ እንዳልኩት“Democracy in what domain?” እና አንድ ወቅት ጆርጅ ኦርዌል “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.”የሚለውን በአባባል በመጠቀም የምእራቡን አለም የሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲና የሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ(ነፃ-ገበያ) በዋናነት መሰረት በማድረግ በኢትዮጵያችን በዘመኑ እየተቀነቀነ ያለውን የፓርቲ ፖለቲካ ስናይ ሊበራል(Liberal) የሚለውን ሰሙን እንጂ ቅኔውን በቅጡ መረዳቱ ያለን አይመስልም የምለው፡፡ስለዚህም ሊበራል(Liberal) የሚለው በጥሬው የሰሙ ቃል ሲታይ ለሁሉም የመሮጫ ሜዳው(በእኛ የፖለቲካ ምህዳር እንደሚባለው አይነት) የጨዋታው ህግ እኩል ወይንም አንድ አይነት የሚያስመስል ነገር ነው፡፡ሊበራል(Liberal) የሚለው ቅኔው ግን አስቀድሞውን ሃይል(እውቀት ገንዘብ ስልጣን ሚሊታሪ ደህንነት ወዘተ)ለገነቡና ላላቸው ጥቂት ሀብታም ካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን(for those who have the secluded privilege) ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው ካፒታሊዝም(ዛሬ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራሊዝም) የሚመራበትን ታሪካዊና ተጨባጭ ነባራዊ ህግና ውስጣዊ አሰራር መቅጡ መመርመርና ማወቅ ካልቻልን ስለ ዲሞክራሲም ሆነ ስለ ብዙሃኑ ህዝብ ነፃነት ለማውራት የሚከብደን፡፡ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ በቅርቡ በዚሁ አቡጊዳ አሁን በቅርቡ ዶ/ር ፍቃዱ በአማርኛው ድህረ-ገፅ የለቀቀውን ፅሁፍ አንብብ፡፡
    ከዚህ ውጪ የታዳጊው ዓለም በተለይም የሀገሬ የኢትዮጵያ ችግር በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ብቻ የሚፈታበት ደረጃ ላይ የደረሰ ቢሆን በእውነቴን ነው የምልህ ደስታዬ ወደር የለውም፡፡እኔ እያልኩኝ ያለሁት ከምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ በፊት እንደ ሰውም ሆነ እንደዜጋ ያልሰራነው ብዙ የቤት ስራ አለ ነው፡፡
    ጉረኞች ሆይ ምናልባት አንተ ስለ ዲሞክራሲ ስታወራ 80 ሚሊዮን የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ ችላ ብለህ ስለ ጥቂት የኤሊት ዲሞክራሲ እንደማይሆን ተስፋ አደርጋለሁኝ፡፡ስለዚህም ይህ አይነት ምሁራዊና ሌላም አይነት ሁሉን አቀፍ ማህበረሰባዊ ውይይቶች ይካሄዱ፡፡እንደዚሁም እኛ ኢትዮጵያውያን በተለይም ሀገር እንዲመራ የሚጠበቀው ኤሊቱና ምሁሩ የተወሰነ የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍና ይኑረን፡፡እምነት ያለ ምግባር ሙት እንደሆነውና ምግባርም ያለ እምነት እውር እንደሆነው ሁሉ የህይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍና የሌለው የፖርቲ ፖለቲካና በተያያዥ ያለውም የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲም እንደዚሁ ኮምፓስ እንደሌለው አውሮፕላን ወይንም መርከብ ዝም ብሎ የሚደናበር ነው የሚሆነው፡፡ለምሳሌ አሁን ባለው የዘመነ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል ዘመን ብዙዎች ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራኖቻችን አጠቃላዩ ፖለቲካውና ኢኮኖሚው የመደብ ትግል(በጥቂት አለም አቀፍ ካፒታሊስት ልሂቃንና በተቀረው የዓለም ህዝብ መካከል ማለት ነው) እንዳለበት አውቀውም ይሁን ሳያውቁት እየሸፋፈኑት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ሁል ጊዜ የሚያወሩት አምባገነን ዲሞክራሲ በሚለው ማእቀፍ ስር ብቻ ነው፡፡በ1830 የጀመረውን ፈታኝና እልህ አስጨራሽ የፈረንሳይን አብዮት ታሪክ በቅጡ ለመረመረ ሰው የመደብ ትግል ማለት ምን ማለት እንደሆነ በቅጡ ይገባዋል ብዬ አስባለሁኝ፡፡ይህንን ፈታኝና እልህ አስጨራሽ የፈረንሳይን አብዮት አንዳንዶች ከብዙሃኑ የታችኛው የመደብ ክፍል ፍላጎትና ራእይ ጋር በተያያዘ የከሸፈው አብዮት ይሉታል ነገር ግን ከጥቂቶቹ የፋይናንስ ቡርዣዎቹ አንፃር ደግሞ የተሳካ እንደሆነ ይነገራል እኔ ደግሞ ከሰው ልጅ የማይቀር ታሪካዊ ጉዞ(Human dynamism and evolution) እና ከሀገር ምስረታና ግንባታ (Building of Sovereign Nation-State)ሂደት አንፃር ደግሞ የማይቀር ታሪካዊ ክስተት እለዋለሁኝ::ስለዚህም እኛ እንደ ዜጋ እንደ ሀገር ከሰው ልጅ የማይቀር ታሪካዊ ጉዞ(Human dynamism and evolution) እና ከሀገር ምስረታና ግንባታ (Building of Sovereign Nation-State) የማይቀር ታሪካዊ ክስተት ሂደት አንፃር የት ቦታ ላይ ነን?የዲሞክራሲ ጥያቄም ከዚህ ጋር እጅጉን የተቆራኝ ነው፡፡በድጋሚ በቅርቡ ዶ/ር ፍቃዱ በአማርኛው አቡጊዳ የለቀቀውን ፅሁፍ በጥሞና አንብበውና ስለ ዲሞክራሲና በተያያዥ ስላለው የምእራቡ አለም ስልጣኔና መሰረቱ እንደዚሁም ስለ ካፒታሊዝም ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምና ኒዎ-ሊበራሊዝም ታሪካዊና ተጨባጭ ነባራዊ እውነታ የተወሰነ መረዳቱ ይኖርሃል ብዬ አስባለሁኝ፡፡ይህንንም ስታነብ የአንተ የእኔና የተቀረው 80 ሚሊዮን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እና የተቀረው የመላው የታዳጊው ዓለም ህዝብ እጣ ፈንታ በምኒልክ ቤተ-መንግስትና ሌላው ታዳጊ ሀገር ባሉት ተመሳሳይ ቤተ-መንግስቶች ውስጥ ባሉት ሰዎች ብቻ ሳይሆን ለንደን ዋሽንግተንና ብራሰልስ ባሉ ሰዎች ጭምር እንደሚወሰን የዚያን ጊዜ ቁልጭ ብሎ ይገባሃል፡፡ስለዚህም የታዳጊው አለም ዲሞክራሲ ምንነት የዚያን ጊዜ ይገባሃል፡፡ይህንን አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት መደገፍ መቃወም እንዳለ ሆኖ ነገር ግን ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምንና በተያያዥ ያለውን የዓለም ነባራዊ እውነታ በሚመለከት እውነቱን እንጋፈጥ እንረዳ፡፡ይህ ሲሆን የዲሞክራሲ ፈተናም ምን እንደሆነ የዚያን ጊዜ ቁልጭ ብሎ ይገባናል፡፡የመለስ/ወያኔን አገዛዝ ስርዓት መታገልና ማስወገድ እንደ ተቀዳሚ ወቅታዊ አጀንዳነት እንዳለ ሆኖ ነገር ግን የሀገራችንን ዘርፈ ብዙና ስር የሰደደ ውስብስብ ችግር በዘላቂነት ለመፍታት ግን ከምርጫ ዲሞክራሲና በተያያዥ ካለው የፓርቲ ፖለቲካ በተጓዳኝ ከተለመደው ደመ-ነፍሳዊነትና ስሜታዊነት ከፍተኛ ተፅእኖ የተላቀቀና የተመጣጣነ በምክንያታዊነት አስተሳሰብ ላይ የተመሰረተ ሁሉን ማህበረሰብ አቀፍ የሆነ(በተለይም ልሂቃን ምሁሩና ፖለቲከኛ) የሕይወትና የፖለቲካ ፍልስፍናችንን ቆም ብለን እንመርምር እንፈልግ እንጠይቅ ከዚያም የሚበጀንን እናግኝ እላለሁኝ፡፡
    ከምስጋና ጋር

Comments are closed.