The Paradox of Ethiopians: The Apotheosis of Meles Zenawi and the End of Ethiopia By Tecola W. Hagos

August 28th, 2012 Print Print Email Email

I. Introduction

No less than a Tsunami of events did hit Ethiopia these last two weeks—two of its prominent leaders died under mysterious circumstances suddenly. I have been glued to my television set (ETV) watching the unfolding news on the death of Patriarch Paulos of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and later the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. I was moved a lot more than I thought I would be watching on ETV (Ethiopian government owned channel) the outpouring of sympathy and grief by hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians, young and old, men and women, Christians and Muslims allover Ethiopia especially soon after the official announcement of the death of Meles Zenawi. The display of grief in Addis Ababa especially following the coterie accompanying the body of Meles Zenawi from Bole Airport was most disturbing.

Early on, even though there were subtle give-away evidences of manipulations of forcing out Ethiopian mourners that at times seem to be hysterical, the outpouring of grief by multitude of Ethiopians seems to be real not something contrived or forced. At the start of mourning a week ago, at least on the surface, it looked quite dissimilar to what we watched on television some eight months ago where entire population of mourners would weep and wail on queue given by officials as was the case on the death of Kim Jong-Il of North Korea (Dec 17, 2011). Now, all that is changed and the expression of sorrow seems to be forced and meant for public display; in fact, it has become ridicules that the ETV for twenty four hours every single day for the last one week reports only of the mourning and wailing of people. There are reports of physical attacks by EPRDF functionaries against those individuals for not expressing their sorrow.

The expression of sorrow by simple often poor people that is displayed through the ETV should not be seen as some kind of proof of the “goodness” of Meles Zenawi, but rather guardedly that of the People of Ethiopia themselves. On the other hand, Ethiopians must be consummate actors to stage such touching performance of sorrow. I hope such expression of sorrow is not wasted, for up to now no one had seen Meles Zenawi dead or alive since June 19, 2012. I do not know what is in that casket either. The Government officials and Party leaders are habitual liars that I do not believe anything they say. I feel pity for the person of Meles Zenawi in that he died at such young age under such mysterious circumstances, but that does not diminish my disagreement with several of his policies affecting the short term and long term security and territorial integrity of Ethiopia, as well as its economy.

One may not be able to see accurately Meles Zenawi for what he truly is unless one dissects him into parts: his personal life, his political deeds, and his economics policies and activities. Already Bereket Simon has stated on ETV that the simple outpouring of grief of Ethiopians is a political endorsement of the past activities and “vision” of Meles Zenawi, which is in its most significant aspect anti historic Ethiopia. Here is one despicable example of the power struggle underway that is shamelessly using the truly naïve sorrow of a hysterical society, ever abused and repeatedly violated and held hostage suffering from a “Stockholm syndrome.” What is the state of affairs in Ethiopia at this moment? What political forces are at play consolidating power? Is there any legitimacy to the past activities of Meles Zenawi? Such are some of the issues that need be examined and reexamined again and again.

The type of laxity and willingness of most Ethiopians to live with anything thrown their way is most disturbing and unnerving to me. I have stated form years back, that Ethiopians have an ever diminishing core of set of beliefs that was eroded over millenniums to a point where there is very little left. The ultimate proof is what we are witnessing as an on going expression of grief for a political dictatorial leader who treated them/us like trash for the last twenty one years, a leader who was so afraid of his own people that he lived within the densest security bubble the likes of which even the United States Government with all its wealth and power does not maintain around its President.

II. Adulation or Hysteria or Political Manipulation?

Like all leaders, Meles Zenawi was a complex personality. He was not a linear person but dimensional. He did display a Janus personality presenting one face to the international community and a totally different face to Ethiopians. Just as a reminder to very many individuals who see Meles Zenawi in black and white, I would say that Meles Zenawi comes in all kinds of shades, and that we must not see him in such starkly contrasting views of either/or.

A. Meles Zenawi as an Individual

From all I have heard and from the little I have seen, Meles Zenawi as a husband and a father was above reproach. In fact, he was a loving and responsible parent. I have absolutely great respect and accolade to write about his personal family life. Unlike many of his colleagues, he respected his wife and children by being faithful to his marriage. Many of the leaders of TPLF suffered from sexually transmitted diseases including AIDS, but not Meles Zenawi. If we take into account how young he was when he joined the political organization that ended up becoming the TPLF, we can appreciate his devotion and sacrifice for a cause. After all he did not abandon or give-up his organization even when its continued existence was doubtful, weathering it all for over seventeen years under harsh circumstances and often in combat zone. This is one endearing fact that defies simple explanation.

In contradistinction to his commitment to a cause, he was not a heroic or chivalrous personality; he could be mean and petty as evidenced several times over and over. He not only devastated honorable opposition leaders and those he suspected of challenging him for his power, but also humiliated them beyond their “offences.” Meles Zenawi not only extracted through false pretenses admissions of criminality, for example, from the members of the opposition such as Hailu Shawel, Birtukan Mideksa, Birhanu Nega et cetera. but also have them sign documents admitting to some crimes they have not committed after having them convicted first in a kangaroo court with outrageously long prison terms. Meles by using “notable” individuals, such as Haile Gebre Selassie (a great athlete but a naïve politician), Prof Ephraim Isaac (የእርጎ፡ ዝምብ) an insufferable chronic meddler in other people’s business, as intermediaries and thereby sought legitimacy for his persecution of legitimate opposition leaders. Meles Zenawi never respected an independent judicial system nor law and order; he simply used a legal system and judicial process as façade to carry out his sordid political goals.

What is also tragic is the fact that Meles Zenawi surrounded himself with technocrats from the bloody Mengistu’s bureaucracy, such as Fasil Nahum, Tekeda Alemu et cetera, individuals that were dead-weight sycophants who flatter him and parroted his ideas. Their crowning achievement was the reduction of the prison terms and/or release from prison of former high officials of Mengistu Hailemariam, their former bosses, who had committed mass murder and participated in the Red Terror et cetera. The achievement of such technocrats is laughable, one clear example, is the poorly drafted Constitution of 1995. Some of their memos to their respective bosses that I had read was dismal, lacking in original ideas, or clear suggestions but coached with equivocation and at best echoing back what Meles wants to hear—Meles’s own ideas.

There is no doubt in my mind that Meles Zenawi earned his leadership position through his monumental effort; however, that effort was never honorable. Most importantly he had followers to carry him through the turmoil of the acquisition of power. Whether one likes Meles Zenawi or not, the fact remains that he had that intangible leadership quality that created and retained followers. Without people who believed in him, he would not have led the TPLF and later the EPRDF for over thirty five years. But he can be ruthless and cold-blooded antagonist too, who could turn against even those who were close friends (freedom fighters), such as Tamrat Lyne, Seeye Abraha and several others whom he humiliated and imprisoned for decades.

I find the accolade heaped on Meles Zenawi about his intellectual capacity, especially by foreign leaders, such as Bill Clinton, Tony Blair, et cetera, as condescending and racist. I do not hear Western leaders talking about each other in those terms: “Bill Clinton is very intelligent,” or “Tony Blair has high intellect.” See what I mean? Meles Zenawi has high capacity to assimilate facts and to draw conclusions based on his tailored understanding of such reality that is limited by his biases and hate. There are serious gaps in his intellectual development that rendered him myopic—to see things in quite predictable simplistic manner. He uses a system of recursive dialectical method to reduce all those who argue with him on certain points, but it is well known that system of argument is an inferior method of dialogue because one achieves a “winning” discourse by tailoring premises to reach a desired conclusion. It is not a method for dealing with complex issues and honest search for truth, and also in making atypical conclusions and decisions. In other words, intuitive knowledge that truly signifies intellectual maturity is lacking in most of his political and economic policy decisions.

B. Meles Zenawi and his Political Misdeeds

The political policies and activities of Meles Zenawi in general are areas that I have the most disagreement with Meles Zenawi. I have selected hereunder some of the activities and policies that are of great concern to me and should be to all of us:

1.He has harmed Ethiopia to such an extent that its future existence is questionable. The most harmful political action was his compromising the territorial integrity of Ethiopia by allowing the land locking of Ethiopia. His ridicules campaign to convince us that losing our coastal territory is to be treated like a business transaction rather than as a national security issue, and that we can buy port services from the surrounding countries is one fact that we should never forget or forgive. That was the worst betrayal of trust by any Ethiopian political leader.

2.He signed off tens of thousands of square kilometers of historic-Ethiopian territory to the Sudan.

3.He promoted the secessionist agenda of dividing Ethiopia by ethnic groups at the cost of maintaining the unity and territorial integrity of Ethiopia.

4.His policy on ethnicity and the fragmentation of Ethiopia on the basis of ethnic identity is a system that uses the basest common denominator of human groups. It is a primitive and ultimately destructive system that will harm everyone involved. He introduced the Fascist period division by ethnic groups establishing Kilil Governments that are the precursors of future fragmentations and creation of new states by destroying historic-Ethiopia.

5.He allowed mass removal often violently as a form of ethnic-cleansing of settled Ethiopians from different parts of Ethiopia.

6.He allowed the proliferation of international organizations to be housed in Addis Ababa creating a social and cultural dissonance that harmed Ethiopians.

7.He manipulated elections, totally dismantling all opposition political organizations. He had imprisoned detained tens of thousands of Ethiopians for political reasons. Thousands have died also due to police actions.

8.He has promulgated a draconian terrorism law that he used to destroy any form of legitimate dissent or criticism of his political activities.

9.He had drastically curtailed freedom of speech and assembly and the freedom of the press. He has been routinely identified by international human rights organizations as the worst leader in suppressing freedom of the press and for jailing journalists, reporters, and publishers. As we speak, even at a time where there is accolade about the work of Meles Zenawi, an Ethiopian court using such law had sent to jail a reporter/editor of a popular weekly for writing an article critical of the political activities of the ruling party.

10.He had implemented a policy of allowing young Ethiopian females to travel to Arab nations to work as domestics and did not protect such Ethiopians from horrendous abuse, and torture in the hands of their employers. Some Ethiopians have committed suicide due to harsh treatments by individuals they work for.

C. Meles Zenawi and his economic policies

In terms of economic activities, Meles Zenawi had done few outstanding projects, such as building highways, schools and universities even if lacking proper financing for books and materials. One project in particular, the textile industries, I think was outstanding. It reflects a good understanding of the process of industrialization. However, he had carried out some devastating economic policies whose long term impact would lead to national disintegration.

1.The selling/leasing from fifty to almost hundred years millions of acres of fertile land to foreign governments and corporations. The selling/leasing of land to foreigners is particularly devastating to the economy of the country considering the fact that Ethiopians do not own their own land, and huge numbers of Ethiopians are poor and unemployed and need some kind of settlement to start leading a normal life.

2.Selling gold mining concessions under dubious circumstances and with minimal share (as a matter of fact the lowest in the trade) of the profit to Ethiopia. It is curious that Shiek Mohammad Al’amoudi is to be seen nowhere during this period of mourning of the person who made it possible for Al’amoudi to get the gold mine concessions where he was able to loot billions of dollars worth of gold on a miniscule initial investment.

3.Building of dams that is usually presented as the crown jewel of Meles Zenawi’s great achievement is no more than an elaborate scheme aimed to serve foreign governments for hard currency, which money in turn would be looted by the officials and the EPRDF. One must notice the fact that all dams including the monumental dam on Abaye (Blue Nile) are being built near international border regions, and none are built in central Ethiopian regions where they would have been most effective not only as a source of energy but also for irrigation. For Meles since the welfare of Ethiopians is not the real reason for building such huge electric power generating dams, right now the building of dams at border areas has no real value to answer the immediate needs of millions of Ethiopians who will never use the electric power generated from those huge dams for decades. Several small to medium sized dams for far less expense/cost would have had transformative effect on the lives of millions of Ethiopians in far shorter period of time than what could be derived from huge dams.

4.The proliferation of TPLF/EFFORT owned corporations creating a stranglehold on the retail, distribution, and manufacturing businesses. The result of such unhealthy concentration economic power in the hands of TPLF leaders, who also play the roles of Ethiopian Government officials too, resulted in the creation of monopolies and underhanded dealings and corrupt business practices.

5.The devaluation of the Ethiopian birr without adequate safeguards contributed to the inflationary economy and adverse growth in employment in agriculture and industrial out put. Poor monetary policy has resulted in the current devaluation of the birr and the scramble for hard currency.

6.Meles Zenawi’s focus on export market has left the local economy in shambles. And because of such distorted approach on earning foreign currency at the cost of the life-interest of the Ethiopian population, scarcity of food and lack of global improvement of the economy is at its most crucial phase since the time of Emperor Haile Selassie. The soaring food price and the spiral devaluation of the Ethiopian currency is a direct result of such misguided economic policy.

Meles Zenawi’s most serious problem was that he surrounded himself with yes-men technocrats who had questionable history with Mengistu Hailemariam’s Government, which undermined any honest dialogue and critical opinions to shape policies of the Ethiopian government under EPRDF. Moreover, Meles Zenawi’s serious deficiency in formal training dealing with economic and administrative skills did contribute to the many problems now facing the nation. For instance, his idea of “developmental state” is passé in the sense that it has been overused, but Meles thought of it as something original. Nevertheless he did not even adhere to the main features of a developmental state. To wit:

In the literature, the “developmental state” has two components: one ideological, one structural. It is this ideology-structure nexus that distinguishes developmental states from other forms of states. In terms of ideology, such a state is essentially one whose ideological underpinning is “developmentalist” in that it conceives its “mission” as that of ensuring economic development, usually interpreted to mean high rates of accumulation and industrialization. Such a state “establishes as its principle of legitimacy its ability to promote sustained development, understanding by development the steady high rates of economic growth and structural change in the productive system, both domestically and in its relationship to the international economy” (Castells, 1992: 55).

Meles Zenawi’s alleged “developmental state” policy never showed any of the above processes that is described to be constitutive of a developmental state by experts in the field as quoted above/below. Meles simply says things, but goes about doing what is simply a power monopoly scheme for his personal interest that has nothing to do with the economic and/or political development of Ethiopia.

At this ideational level, the élite must be able to establish an “ideological hegemony”, so that its developmental project becomes, in a Gramcian sense, a “hegemonic” project to which key actors in the nation adhere voluntarily. The state-structure side of the definition of the developmental state emphasizes capacity to implement economic policies sagaciously and effectively. Such a capacity is determined by various others institutional, technical, administrative and political. Undergirding all these is the autonomy of the state from social forces so that it can use these capacities to devise long-term economic policies unencumbered by claims of myopic private interests. It is usually assumed that such a state should, in some sense, be “strong” and enjoy “relative autonomy” from key social actors. The quest for a “strong state” in the development process was a strong feature of the “modernization” literature. Such a state was contrasted to what Myrdal (1968) referred to as the “soft state” that had neither the administrative capacity nor the political wherewithal to push through its developmental project. And, finally, the state must have some social anchoring that prevents it from using its autonomy in a predatory manner and enables it to gain adhesion of key social actors.

Thandika Mkandawire,” Thinking About Developmental States in Africa,” 16 October 1998, International Conference Hall, The United Nations University Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan. archive.unu.edu/hq/academic/Pg_area4/Mkandawire.html.

The legacy of Meles is not going to bring about stability with economic growth or political development. It will not be of much use to wish that there will be such legacy. We need to look into our immediate reality with eyes wide open. It will not help us to keep wailing and lamenting for reconciliation and forgiveness. In all probability the United States is pushing behind the scene some form of fake normalization process glossing over serious contradictions and pestering discontent in the Ethiopian population. The Ethiopian people have been victims of an erratic egomaniac leaders that neither knew nor respected what it means to be a citizen of a nation—a nation like Ethiopia with rich history and diversity of ethnic groups, and religion. As they say the Devil is in the detail. It will not help glossing over serious contradictions and wrong policies that had caused tremendous harm far more deeply than one can imagine for the last twenty years. The staged massive expression of grief on the death of Meles Zenawi is not an endorsement on anything done by Meles Zenawi and his Government for the last twenty years.

It will not surprise me at all if the group members in charge of the Ethiopian Government at this time are approaching individuals in the Diaspora as they had done in 1990 and 1991 in order to consolidate their power without real change of political or economic programs and policies. And the United States Government may be playing the role of facilitator as it did at that time in 1991. We must understand that the national security interest of the United States Government is exclusive to the United States; thus we Ethiopians must look at any of the suggestions coming from outside powers only in our exclusive Ethiopian national interest. I shall deal with such issues and the state of affairs in Ethiopia in Part Two of this Article.

Tecola W. Hagos
Washington DC
August 28, 2012
Copyright © Phineaus St. Claire, 2012

Next
Part Two
The Apotheosis of Meles Zenawi and the End of Ethiopia

  1. Amare
    | #1

    All you did is attack several people’s personality without justification. A classic symptom of the old guard’s elitist political technic which made Ethiopia a basket-case, most of you live in the Diaspora and few in Ethiopia. In case you have’t yet noticed there is an emerging group of “neutral” elites in Addis who has taken it upon itself to police “maturity” in the writings of the critics of people like you. The contextual definition of maturity is the willingness and ability to be an equivalence merchant, to be able to say “on the one hand”…”on the other hand”…as though the values of all actions were equal.

    The season for silliness and personal attacks is diminishing and will be over soon. The greatness of this generation is now manifesting itself for all to see. No more hate without any ground, no more personal attacks except ideas, no more jumping to conclusions without giving the benefit of the doubt and and above all no more space for people like you without giving you an appropriate response.

  2. pete
    | #2

    Why do I feel like I have taken enough venom upon reading this article without knowing what the remedy is?

  3. Anonymous
    | #3

    To put it simply, Dictator Meles was a coldblooded Devil possessed monster SOB. If the qualities of absolute abuse of power, lies, looting, manipulation, human rights abuse, mass murder, locking up law abiding citizens in a mass, torturing and killing hundreds of thousands of innocent Ethiopians makes a dictator charismatic and intelligent, then Meles was indeed the most intelligent individual that ever lived on the face of the earth. I doubt very much that the self centered heartless brutal dictator ever truly loved his kids, if he knew the meaning of deep unconditional love of loving a child, the late dictator wouldn’t have killed the children of hundreds of thousands Ethiopian parents. Thank God, that blood sucker evil is GONE out of the lives of Ethiopians, period!

  4. aha!
    | #4

    The paradox of the silent majority of Ethiopians did not start with the death of the Prime minster: that diliama started with the constitution icorporated in it “ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, where the last item has been modified as State Capitalism, denying free market capitalism and/or mixed economic model to the silent majority of ethiopians, nevertheless making available to “TPLF/EFFORT”, TPLF affiliated enterprises, and foreign corporations engaged in exploitation, political and economic strangle hold of the countries resources to say the least about evictions and degradation of the natural resources by foreign corporations, and the outputs are inended for export. While ethnic federalism, a divide and rule policy of dividing the land mass into seven of nine and/or eighty ethnic groups, accorded self-rule, follows the prvious South African Appartheid system of Administration, with the Dutch Boers having an upper hand on economic and political power over the Aficans. Whreas in Ethiopia as well in South Africa, the self-rule propaganda was in name only, plus ethnic federalism put into the constitution is a prelude for secession with ill defined boundries subject to future boundry disputes as the case was for Eritrean Province, as opposed to leaving those porovinces with their original political boundries. Add to that the formation of parties and factions along ethnic lines/agenda instead of the national agenda. Those are the legacies of the Prime Minister Meles Zenawi with its entourage of the teletafi (ethnic federalist) and loyalist opposition (ethnic federalist parties) parties now forming a front with Tigrai-harena, and UDJP in a negotiation/pleading mode as in the past for political space and yekillil mengistats iqulinet mekeber and now to work together with what you called, “group members”, be it “Group A or Group B” of the splintered TPLF?, with no concern or mention of those parties and/or factions engaged in the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights.

    You are telling us one the Groups is trying to consolidate power in collaboration with the Diaspora with out making changes in the political and economic program, when they already told us that it is going to continue according the original plan, political and economic programs.

    Or are you saying in terms of the internal politics they should ratify the constituion with respect to ethnic federalism,and secessionism and interm of the economic they should adopt free market capitalism and or mixed economic model and promte private ownership of land as one of the means of production in a capitalistic society, by abandoning totaliarinism with a twist of State Capitalism, and relieve the silent majority of Ethiopians of expolitation, political and economic strangle hold of the countries leaving them under abject poverty and dependent on food aid to alleviate drought and famine? If so are basing your assumption of your “Group B” supporting the the integrty and sovereignity of Ethiopia”, where both are the two sides of the same coin, albeit may not have military support, which boiled down to now: four TPLF members and three major ethnic members, where the third one is mini Ethiopia with 45 ethnic groups in the South of Ethiopia, which resembles Goup A with appearance of TPLF/eprdf regime, what is the role of those parties and factions with national agenda, other than to engage in a non-violent uprising to freedom to restore Ethiopian nationalism, Ethiopian national interests and sovereignity of Ethiopia.

  5. Asfaw
    | #5

    Oh boy, you have said it all. It goes without saying that we all have seen oceans of tears running down the faces of those beautiful Ethiopians, but not because Melese is gone, never at all. Forget us, even the EPRDF abettors never take it that way. This folk know what it is doing; after all, they are Ethiopians! They have mourned this deep possibly because the ruminants of Melese are still there.
    They can’t be joyful in the wake of those power addicts who still demand to persist on the seat. Their presence coupled with the heaviness of life in the country has made the future of the public dimmer than the duskiest. Remember, this people that has a kind of deep rooted philosophy and long aged sophistication, know how to do the best of sarcasm in such situations as this. I tell you, this is not an expression of mourning; it is an irony of elation that time will unveil it out.

  6. Zerayakob Yared
    | #6

    ክጽሞቕ እንተሎስ, ኮሚቴ ኣልቦ ንብዓት ብኽያት ዋሾ AKA ማሌሊት ብዘይ ኣውሩኡ ሆይ, ከም 91/93 ዓ.ም ሕጂ’ውን ኣይትረሱዕና ንማለት ዝኣክል ድዩ!?

    ንርኢ!, በሉ ዓድዋ!

  7. azanew
    | #7

    Dear Prof. Tekola,
    I really wonder why intellectuals like yourself choose to be too bookish to explain a very simple thing. You tend to be too philosophical and wordy in explaining a simple fact that the Ethiopian people spoke in one voice – they love Meles.

    Looking at your lengthy article and you beating around the bush, I said our poor people back home is better of with out your “learned” commentary and interventions. Our poor people need people who speak their language in a simple manner and straight forwards. Haile Gebreselassie might not be as educated as you are, but I for one (and I believe am speaking for many people back home) prefer a simple talk like those of Haile’s that are based on real experience that a verbose mumbo jumbo like yours. Meles was a mile ahead of you the so called intellectuals in that aspect. He understood the real issues, sought knowledge to solve those and speaks the language our people understands and in the process won the heart of millions back home.

    I hope you will take my comment here not as a personal jib but a sincere reflection, and hope you and your peers will begin to assess your role in our society and try to be beneficial in whatever way you think can, in your remaining lifetime.

    Azanaw

  8. arbaratKIlo
    | #8

    Yes indeed, to see the scale of mourning in Addis is hard to reconcile for those elements who have constantly been hating on Meles. Suddenly you became like a clown without an audience. Yet you continue to make faces in a desparate plea for the slightenest shred of legitimacy. Give it up. Find someone/something else to whine about. You will never convince anyone but yourself that Meles Zenawi was anything but a hero.
    And to suggest that the mourning could be staged LOL… really? Are you that delusional?

  9. Tesfahun
    | #9

    TEY WERE AND ARE JUST
    FREE RIDERS….!!!!
    WE Ethiopians should not wonder or surprise
    at the silence or non action of the so called
    opposition.Because contrary to what they believe
    of themselves they have been free riders and not
    influencers of all events that have been going
    so far. Their only skill is adjust their sneaking
    ability and show up early and wait at the door to
    sneak unnoticed or blend.
    So why worry of someone who was not a party or player
    to influence events in the first place anyway.

  10. gudnew
    | #10

    Tecola,

    How is it you didn’t write about Eritrean descendants this time?
    From your last article, and from interview of Ato Mekonnine Zeleew’s interview on ESAT, I am beginning to see patern here. So far those who are dying are Tigryans but not Eritrean descendants. This is an indication to me the take over of Eritrea in full. Perhpas it has never been about Tigray as most of us has been tricked into thinking Tigryans as TPLF but rather Shaebia has always been in contnrol of TPLF through the Eritrean desecndants such as Meles, Simon, Adanom, etc. the new Pope I hear could Eritrean descendant. What does this tell us? Through secret foreign’s help particutlarly Egypt and some shady WEsterners, the take over of Ethiopia by Eritreans is finally happeneing. What they could be implementing while distracting us to mourn Meles for 15 days, is perhaps the making of greater Eritrea and with their very close groups such as OLF and ONLF, they might end Ethiopia. I hope those who are aware of this might come out and say it not blinded by hatred of Meles. What is actually the narrative being presented to us is as if Tigrayans under TPLF (of course like any party some will benefite) are the bad ones etc. the attention to set Tigryans up while the ones in full contorl could be Eritrean descendants. I am now convinced that per interview of Ato Mekonnen Zelelew. most Tigryans are the targets of this game between TPLF and Shabeia when in fact they are one and the same because Shaebia made TPLF but uses Tigryans as foot soldiers allow them to benefit so that they could be targetted by the rest of Ethiopians but the Eritreans descendants such as Meles, Simon, Sebhat Nega, etc are in fact what they have been working on is for greater Eritrea as supposed to greater Tigray therefore setting Tigryans up. I hope before its too late, this will be exposed and it is up to those who are closed to thesse groups to out them before its too late.

  11. gudnew
    | #11

    In additiion whether we like her or hate her, what is going on with Azeb also will tell us where and which groups are controlling Ethiopia. Perhpas Azeb might be strong and survive this. If her death is soon reported then, it seems no full Ethiopian is in control of Ethiopia in higher power that Hailemariam is just to distract Ethiopians and soon will be purged. The ideal thing to do is to make peace with Eritrea and let them choose whether to be with Ethiopia or not and let them make lasting peace but to give them full control over desciion of Ethiopia, is disaster and soon they could disintegrate Ethiopia with outside help. One thing I learned is that those shady Facebook friends who all of the sudden announcing they are going back to Ethiopia, learning from their Facebook background and their own friends, I am afraid they are Eritreans, why are they going back at the time when Ethiopia is facing challenges during the death of Meles in fact one expects Eritreans will be far away due to fear, but they are going to “visist” at the time of Meles’ death , this tells me, that perhaps, leadershp is being taken over by Eritrean descendants that makes the condition good for Eritreans but not for Ethiopians and perhaps they want to support the implementation of take over of Ethiopia. I hope also this remains to be speculation but it is good to see patterns buidling up and Ethiopians are not seeing this while they are being forcefully being distracted by Meles’ death.

  12. gudnew
    | #12

    Another indication is that, to think Eritrea/Shaebia will not be involved at the time and the first time Ethipia’s situation is changing by the death of Meles, is being too naive. Eritrea/Shaebia is most likely to be very alert and if not get its hands in Ethiopia due to what will happen between Eritrea and Ethiopia. So of course what is morphing into is the very involvement of Eritreans in Ethiopia fullly.

  13. Girum
    | #13

    ******* @Tecola W.Hagos **************

    Every truth has above and beneath it another layer of truth. And indeed every truth has its own domain of comprehension and validity based on our own life experience. However, eventually the transcendent inter-domain TRUTH, that is well above all intra-domain truths, of Love and Humanity unite us all through almighty God who is the ultimate divine TRUTH .And indeed that is why God interferes and gives his won ultimate judgment and corrections beyond our comprehension in such chaotic but decisive events. For me Meles is neither our indispensable savior messenger nor our exterminator enemy, in black and white polarized terms but rather somewhere in the grey area who is rather our messenger as a good lesson to teach us something new unexpected. His entire legacy is an opportunity for us to have so many lessons. For example he severely challenged and disgraced Ethiopiawinet so that Ethiopiawinet shall again revive in a new phase. Even if he severely challenged and disgraced Ethiopiawinet ,it happens eventually that he is to be buried even in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa where it is the capital city of Ethiopia that has been founded by Emperor Menelik and Etege Taitu whom they are severely disdained and disgraced by Meles/TPLF thug. It is really amazing phenomenon in that the death of Meles is such an opportunity for all parties and forces in Ethiopia and for all Ethiopians to take such good lessons. It is even one of the divine works of almighty God who is the unchallenged sole protectorate of Ethiopia, Ethiopians and Ethiopiawinet. Yes indeed it is such an ample opportunity to have lessons and not rather the other way round neither to label Meles as our savior angel nor to label him as our exterminator devil. When we see the other side of the story Meles is amazingly the one who has been pressing our buttons. Recently do you remember his not cloned and unique original self-confident remarks about the relationship between democracy and economic development in the recent world economic forum? In theoretical terms I quite agree with what he said at face value despite the fact that the very irony behind his controversial rhetoric is such a crafty scheme to have moral legitimacy and righteousness for his oppressive and corrupt governance. But what I appreciate is that he is this much self-confident original brand views thinker guy who goes that much distance to challenge such long held thoughts about the fashionable democracy. This very controversial rhetoric of Meles about democracy and economic development was one of the most challenging and amazing one I ever remember that has been able to press the buttons of so many politicians and intellectuals and the very reason that compels so many to awash him with such severe critics was because it has its own nuggets of truth in its own domain that was able to press some buttons. When Meles talks about Democracy and economic development so many of us missed the point in that we should have been able to critically ask about what the nature and sort of democracy and economic Development he is/we are referring to. With simple logical combinations of Democracy Vs Economic development then there are four possible combinations (00 ,01,10,11) if we give 0 and 1 value for each variable or parameters. And using simple logic of mathematical combinations then we can combine both parameters of democracy by AND/OR logic. When we use AND logic then we have (0,0,0,1) result for all the four possible combinations. When we use OR logic then we have (0,1 ,1,1) result for the four possible combinations. Now the very important question is which logic operator (AND/OR) is being applied when we talk about the relationship of Democracy Vs Economic Development in our life and nature of the governance of governments? I think Meles mainly preferred to use the OR logic operator rather than the AND logic operator and the rest of us preferred mainly preferred the AND logic Operator. Which logic operator we better/have to use is by itself such a very argumentative issue which even requires very critical and rational thinking. For me it is not something that we automatically choose at ease with simplicity the values for the parameters and the logic operators just from our nearby shelf sitting on our wheelchair. As far as i am willing and honest to understand the controversial rhetoric of Meles in this issue, as far as what I can comprehend, is with regard to the type of logic operator (AND/OR) we prefer/have to use to get a certain output greatly depends on our historical and current socio-political and socio-economics conditions. The tragic result however with the controversial rhetoric of Meles is that even with his preferred logic operator OR then when both parameters have near 0 value then the result is tragically 0.In my view Meles was quite right theoretically in his controversial rhetoric about Democracy VS Economic Development when we take current china as a model and on the other hand when we take the historical nature of previous Western colonizing Empires as we read it in the “Wealth of Nations” book then unless we do not want to see this reality then his rhetoric has the nuggets of truth. However, the tragic and disgraced nature of his controversial rhetoric fall on the side of darkness in that his governance and established system belongs to neither of the above two historical options in that it has close to 0 (Zero) Value for both variables.
    Truth was not siding with him because due to his lack of proper love, trust, and respect for Ethiopia Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians then his genius was disgraced though his controversial rhetoric is quite true in my view. Look Meles denied statue for Emperor Hailselasie at the new African Union compound while the statue of Nkrumah was erected even though I even support with regard to Nkrumah. However, he disregard for his own nation previous leaders, is it not due to the proper lack of love, trust, and respect for Ethiopia Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians? By the way it has to be clear that such acts of Meles have even created such an amazing strange mentality of suspicion about Meles’s Ethiopiawinet among other African countries who respect Emperor Haileselasie.Meles has so many times manifested such bizarre acts and behaviors with regard to Ethiopiawinet. Meles strived hard to create a new artificial Ethiopia and Ethiopiawinet in his own perverted image and likeness which is so dysfunctional that ends up like this as his destiny. This is the very reason that he lost trust and credibility among the majority Ethiopians. Otherwise he is by far such a relatively dynamic guy with his won caliber among his TPLF colleagues. So many Ethiopians accept this reality. However, despite the fact that he is dynamic he was with his genius mind but as a leader of a certain nation he was without the required love, trust and respect for Ethiopia Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians. Rather his required love, trust and respect was for foreign Westerners who amass him with aid and loan. It may be Knowingly or unknowingly, willingly or forced, tactically or strategically, but by hook or crook Meles was West’s stooge client-regime who advances their Global Capitalisms Neo-Liberal and Neo-colonialism projects. I guess that those above combined odd attributes and legacies of Meles as a leader of a certain nation can create some sort of personality disorder and health hazards. With regard to his amazing controversial rhetoric about Democracy Vs Economic Development then unless we peoples are so anxious and so selfish to demonize him he even did not disregard the merits of democracy in its own way and dynamism. I think Meles viewed our historical and current socio-political and socio-economics conditions as more of in the process of yet another evolutionary survival state or phase where we first better/have to fulfill our evolutionary needs rather than enjoy the undeserved complacency in Western style democracy. I quite agree with this view provided that Meles does not mercilessly dare to deprive us of our human and citizenry dignity and integrity as an Ethiopian. If he had been Pro-Ethiopiawinet then I would have been the first to be his ardent supporter even if he would be dictator. When Meles was talking about Democracy VS Economic Development the sort of democracy he was mainly referring to was amazingly about Western style democracy and the economic development he was refereeing to was that of China as expected. This is the one side of the irony of the coin. But the other side of the irony of the coin is he missed was he lost who he/his governance really is since there is a saying that charity begins at home. It is even such a subtle manifestation of identity crisis as a leader of a certain nation. To whatever extent Meles has been hailed as genius by his Western MASTERS( mainly even they hail him for their own benefit) his personality as a leader of a certain nation has been with such a very big void in that he was devoid of the required love, trust and respect for Ethiopia Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians. May be it is because of this sort of his personality that he was destined to this position in the first place. Even when I raise the issue of the personality of Meles with regard to the required love, trust and respect for Ethiopia Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians I am not to mercilessly demonize him as to why he has been like that in this regard since such psychopathic personality disorder should have to be treated by psychiatric attention beyond political realm. Any body, including I myself, overtly or covertly can potentially display the nature of being a traitor for his/her won nation due to different socioeconomic and sociopolitical factors and for that matter Meles is neither the first nor the last one to be like that. When I come again to Meles’s very controversial but amazing rhetoric about Economic Development Vs Democracy then as we know there is such a prominent financial and economic crisis (crisis for the mass not for the capitalists elites who are rather consolidating power and wealth in such unprecedented scale) in those Western countries specially USA which we most of us take as exemplary of democracy and where the usual democracy is still continuing as usual. But to the contrary there is such an amazing economic development in China in favor of the majority mass where there is no Western style democracy. While the sort of democracy we are refereeing to has been still continuing in Western nation, but this sort of democracy has not been able prevent the prominent pervasive financial economic and and in the long run eventually the inevitable social and political crisis. To the contrary when we go to China there is such a historically amazing unprecedented economic development where there is no the sort of democracy we are refereeing to and hence for china in order to grow democracy was not a necessary condition at all. So who can explain me this paradox who naively and blindly demonize the controversial rhetoric of Meles regarding Democracy VS Economic Development? As far as I understand we most of us are entrapped by the contrived bed time stories of such showy Western style democracy and to the other way round detached with true essence of Democracy. Meles controversial rhetoric is in directly pressing the buttons of so many intellectuals and politicians be it Ethiopians or Africans or Westerns in that he is indirectly referring the compare and contrast of USA/Western System to China/Eastern system.
    That is why Meles even gradually evolved to have dual partnership with both the West and China.
    So many of us want to view things in black and white polarized thinking in that because Meles has closely worked with china then we label him immediately as being communist or revolutionary democrat (well being both is not even as such bad thing to be demonized) but who is not working with China? How many of us know that it is even USA who has trillions of dollars economic transaction with CHINA? In one way the economic crisis in USA and the other way its consequential economic growth in china is also attributed to the result of Off shoring of factories ,industries and also jobs to china for profit maximization. As far as I understand we usually grossly talk about economic development as a whole in its entirety based on the usual GDP(mainly material Capital) and failed to scrutinize the nature of the growth in detail as there is a saying that the devils are in the details. So we are at historical moments of time where we also are in very need to take seriously in to consideration like Social-Capital, Natural-Capital and fair and equitable distribution of resources and wealth for all citizens of a nation at least based on wage level. There is no such a thing as separate and unconnected departments of human rights, Liberal-Democracy, Liberal Economy in such a fragmented approach. And hence we are at historical moments of time where we also are in very need to seriously scrutinize the entire system of Capitalists global social order. Such a thing like Meles has achieved economic development but he has records of serious human rights abuse is such a worthless staff perpetually reiterated by the mainstream media. Regimes involve in such serious human rights abuses not just because of not they are so inhuman who want to achieve happiness out of the misery of their citizens. And hence for example in order to forcefully impose looting economic exploitation on the mass and resources of that nation then such serious human rights abuses become inevitable. If we seriously investigate human rights abuses in 3rd world nation then we find out that TNC(Trans National Companies) of the Western nations are insidiously and clandestinely complicit with local national governments for such serious human rights abuses in that they bribe stooge client-regimes like Meles/TPLF with the order of the day-Money. Meles even admitted this reality related to corruption and global investors when he was addressing the controversial rhetoric about Democracy VS Economic Development. If Alamudin is to have been allocated such a large strip of fertile land in Ethiopia then inevitably there exits subjugation of those indignant inhabitants of that area ,who oppose such unjust occupation ,by paid governmental police, security and military personnel. Then in the mainstream media we are told that Meles committed genocide or human rights abuse and bla bla but not about the pervasive system of global capitalism who has caused such crisis and chaos directly or indirectly. As long as there is devouring pervasive predatory global capital then subjugation and serious human rights abuse in 3rd world nation peoples continues unabated. MEles/TPLF have been selling off Ethiopia, Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians for dollar. Is it not true? Is it not true that the invaluable Waldba monastery is the victim of the system? But God is revenging back for its won sake of glory. If the system of the order of the day, wherein money is the met governing player, is evolving to become inhuman then how on earth we expect human rights?
    Well actually human right , R2P(Responsibility to Protect) and for that matter even democracy has become such a double-standard hypocritical humdrum and joker Card of Western powers and governments in that they do not practice according to what they teach and preach others. And that is why democracy has evolved to become such a controversial issue and hence even Meles dares to become confident to philosophize on it. Even to remind one very important thing human right , R2P(Responsibility to Protect) and for that matter even democracy has become such a double-standard hypocritical humdrum and joker Card of Western powers and governments in that they are exploiting this variables as a good pretext to impose their global Capitalism Neo-Liberal and Neo-Colonialism imperialistic projects n 3rd world nations. This is what most of Ethiopian elites failed to figure out except hyping the hum drum of Western style democracy human right activism. I wish our opposition leaders have the opportunity to share the atmosphere of the meetings of NAM (None Aligned Movements) that is currently held in Tehran so that they broaden their perspective in current global social order.
    Dear Tecola and other Ethiopians we better know that order of the day (Money) and fantasy of the day (democracy) have become such a paradoxical phenomenon in today’s world. We can not continue with such perplexing and paradoxical mentality regarding Democracy VS Economic Development. So let’s not make independent departments like Human-Rights, Liberal-Democracy, and Liberal-Economy as if they are totally separate and not interconnected realms. And hence we better use such a holistic approach to scrutinize the existing system in its entirety as a system. And when we do so then we are some how solving some vital challenges and go ahead one step forward. And hence the possible combinations of Democracy VS Economic Development is not something we simply are privileged to achieve it with out the required challenging commitment in that we simply just demand and deserve to choose the best of it as 1 AND 1=1 combination just because we wish it to happen. Well it has become revealed from time to time that our new generation is being guided and manipulated by our power monger stereotypical politicians who hype and humdrum democracy that they want to get advantage of the new generation by providing it the “juvenile fantasy of Democracy”. So Meles was demonized and ridiculed by those who belong to this domain or league of “juvenile fantasy of Democracy” who are also backed by same Western elites who on the other hand also support Meles in his other aspects of governance by serving as their stooge client-regime for their system of Global Capitalism Neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects. As a leader of this nation for the last 21 years and as a stooge client-regime for Wests system of Global Capitalism Neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects then Meles is an insider to the pervasive system who pretty well knows the secrecy of global social order intricacies more than stereotypical politicians who simply naively ridicule and demonize his rhetoric at face value without unraveling the irony behind this controversial rhetoric. And hence Meles’s controversial rhetoric is not comfortable for both the stooge technocratic professionals and politicians who serve Western global capitalist elites in that his rhetoric also indirectly disdains Western style democracy it self as well while to the contrary it hails the China system. As far as I understand our Ethiopian intellectual and political elites in the opposition camp are very unreasonably obsessed and biased by Western system and worship it as if it is of divine nature and hence they usually failed to critically and independently think in their own way without making it as a last resort of absolute reference. I said this all to remind that Meles is indeed some one whom we sometimes can not simply label him in such a polarized black and white terms. And that is why I said above that for me Meles is neither our indispensable savior messenger nor our exterminator enemy, in black and white polarized terms but rather somewhere in the grey area who is rather our messenger as a good lesson to teach us something new unexpected. If we are wise enough then we can exploit his controversial legacy as a good lesson to again seriously scrutinize ourselves as a nation because he is the one who, for God’s sake, has managed to challenge us and press our buttons. Sometimes some challenges and minor failures pave the way as stepping stone opportunity for a better things and success. Eventually it is worthless and dysfunctional to label Meles to the extreme polarized black and white terms in such a way that we portray him as if he has been our indispensable savior or to the other extreme opposite as if he is our exterminating enemy. Yes he is rather a messenger for us whom we are posed to make such a great lesson as a nation. If we are tempted unwisely to portray him, based on polarized black and white terms, to the extreme ends what it indirectly tells is that we are tragically and disgracefully reduced in to the essence of nothingness and meaninglessness. Yes we seem in some sort of Stockholm-Syndrome or Learned-Helplessness in that we are character assassinated to become mere docile plebs in the hands of our abusers. The controversial legacy of Meles arises from two main reasons. One is his deep-rooted anti-Ethiopian Anti-Ethiopiawinet and Anti-Ethiopians sentiment in that he is devoid of the required love, trust and respect for historical nation Ethiopia. The second one is, due to the above a priori reason as a driving motive, he has become such a perfect stooge-client regime of Western Global Capitalisms Neo-Liberal and Neo-Colonialism Imperialistic projects, whose main crux and epicenter is USA/UK. And due to the above two reasons Meles failed and also failed us to achieve neither Democracy nor real sustainable economic development even to the worst case scenario we get deprived of our previous national dignity and integrity as an Ethiopian as a result of generation systemic crisis. Why Meles failed us is not only because of him alone but also we allow him in order to fail us. Always blaming others does not serve us any more unless we are honest and responsible that we have to also work our own home-works. How comes we deem a single person to become either our indispensable savior or to the other opposite extreme our exterminator unless we bow our shoulder so that we willingly give him too much undeserved power? Dear Tecola Ethiopian politics have been for so long full of dishonesty and irresponsibility in that our stereotypical politicians used to preach the mass, as if our rulers come out of the blue sky , by depicting as if it is always the fault of the rulers and not due to the fault of the mass also responsible for the nations failure. Our stereotypical politicians have the usual accustomed tendency of doing the simplest home works of simply demanding democracy by the usual showy electoral means simply demonizing rulers as dictators as if dictators automatically come out of the blue sky. Who directly or indirectly cultivates dictatorship? Is it not the society it self also who cultivates dictatorship? One of the reasons I am not interested in showy electoral democracy, where there are plenty of crafty corrupt and irresponsible politicians, is that they simply want to plunge the mass in some sort pf juvenile fantasy of democracy just only in order to get electoral vote from the mass. Today politics is not like the expected soul searching agenda that is of intrinsic-virtues, but rather has evolved in to becoming rather a paid professional job that is governed by the order of the day system. Let alone politics even pure science technology has gradually evolved to become the victim of the order of the day system. However we are only lulled and entrapped by the showy side of the system through electoral democracy and failed to see the destructive and darkest side of the system. And indeed the very reason fashionable democracy is hyped in fantasy, as if it has the power to solve all our deep-rooted and multifaceted problems beyond what is warranted is in order to eventually conceal the destructive and darkest side of the order of the day system. For me it is even amazing how on earth poor nations who are gradually living with such a deteriorating level national sovereignty that is very weak to secure collective security and common-goods for survival basis, can entertain the undeserved complacency and indulgence in such juvenile emotionally fantasy of the fashionable liberal democracy for individuals.
    Do the opposition elites who are lulled by the current fashionable word democracy and who naively and blindly demonize Meles in polarized black and white terms for that controversial rhetoric regarding Democracy VS Economic Development seriously scrutinize and understand the intricacies of the current global social order? Any way time will also tell us every thing regarding Meles’s legacy as well us the prospective leaders in the future. Finally I wish we all become a winner and the nation comes to good stability and good governance and prosperity for all peoples and citizens. And for this to happen first let’s ponder over the survival of the nation as our main priority more than the death of Meles which we can not change except to accept it. And TPLF better stop abusing Ethiopians on the death of Meles for its mere political advantage. The entire event is really disturbing, shameful absurd and disgusting. And even it is so perplexing to think as to what type of history TPLF wants to write on the pages of history. It is really self-defeating disease that requires psychiatric attention for healing. I do not understand what sort of gain and benefit they achieve by abusing innocent Ethiopians. Really some sort of emotional disease and emotional pollution is ravaging the nation and hence we need to pray as well. Meles is dead and as our Ethiopian citizenry and human being we are really sorry for that but is it the fault of the compassionate poor innocent Ethiopian populace if not their own. The compassionate poor innocent Ethiopians delivered their genuine human condolence for his unexpected death but why they are again and again perpetually compelled to insanely deliver more than they can provide? I think the TPLFites are in some sort of psychopathic and psychological personality disorder and really from my heart they need psychiatric attention and praying. The entire situation seems like “if we TPLFites are in trouble then the entire nation should/will also be in trouble.” type of self-defeating delusion and destructive move. I am not saying this with disdain for TPLFites but rather from my heart in that we all belong to the same system and hence others pain and chaos is also ours pain and chaos directly or indirectly sooner or later in the long run. We have to know that we sometimes need to help, if we must/can, others by helping bad persons to become good persons and not the opposite rather to aggravate the badness. Only engaging in perpetual blaming and telling peoples about their badness does not help eventually as a solution. And one of the means to help TPLFites, including the populace, is to convince them that they have to be honest and responsible for all their thoughts, acts and behaviors for the last 20 or even 40 years so that there will be clarity and calmness on events. There is no as such short cut solution with crafty moves in either party because eventually sooner or later it becomes such a vicious circle. If we can not give then we can not take and if we can not exert something then we can not get constructive outcomes since what we reap is what we saw as it is the law of nature. Other wise the entire situation hovering like a ghost over the nation does not sound good. The entire political environment mainly driven by polarized black and white thinking is not only worthless but also dangerous for our nation’s survival. So at this moment of time in history Ethiopia does not need only mere die-hard stereotypical politicians but also wise philosophers and believers as well who are able to view things from different perspectives. When we need a gun and a soldier then we need a gun soldier when we need a politician we then need a politician when we need a wise philosopher then we need a wise philosopher when we need a spiritual father to pray then we need a spiritual father when we need a psychiatric then we need a psychiatric but at this moment of very perplexing time we are so confused in history what I happen to understand is that we need all of the above at this time to utilize them in what things require. But as a simple preliminary plain stepping stone it is better that the power house TPLFites calm down not only for the nation but also for themselves even. Simply calming down sometimes makes things to settle by themselves as new things start to reveal out of calmness.When we are calm down we even revive our energy to face what ever outcomes shall come ahead of us. Why TPLFites depict the entire situation as if it is dooms-day scenario. It is not good to depict it as if it is like that of dooms-day scenario and hence please clam down. What inevitably will happen will happen even death.Finally I want to pass condolence for those of his family, relatives and friends who are really lamenting on his unexpected death.

    God Bless Ethiopia!!!
    Regards

  14. astra
    | #14

    In his meticulous chronicle of Meles’s misdeeds Tecola “forgot ” to mention the 800-pound gorilla in the room. That is the absolute, insane and visceral hatred of Meles to Amaras and more specifically Shewan amaras. It is because Tecola’s belief coincides with Meles. Tecola calls Shewan Amaras “ankoberites’ and was dismissed by his boss Seyoum Mesfin for advocating “immediate and final solution” by eliminating amaras. THIS IS A HISTORICAL RECORD WHICH MAY SEE THE LIGHT OF DAY IN THE NEAR FUTURE,

  15. Alem
    | #15

    Girum:
    You need to start writing your own article. To take up so much space in a comment section is simply inappropriate and too tedious to read through. Moreover, the exercise allows you to be critical of others without taking responsibility for what you say.

  16. anon
    | #16

    It is not my way to criticize or talk about a deceased person, although I opposed Mr..Melese’s policy and stated my views clearly then. Now he is in the hand of the LORD.Tecola spoke of Melese’s leadership ability and his martial fedelity.Well and good. But what poof is there to verify your claim other than you seem to compare him with some of his comrades? And what moral criteria do you applied to justify the above positive statement? What is our judgment in comparison with GOD’s?
    After I watched the Homeless in Addis compelled to go and express their grief, I am convinced that some more grief might be on the way yet in the coming days for Ethiopian People, if this can be called grief. What I am saying here is some people’s eyes are closed they can’t even see the hand that is beginning to smite them. Instead of fear and repentance we see them placing a hard burden over the Very weak to bow down.

    . There is someone I know who is an advocate of the poor and the lowely, and he will be there to defend them in the moment of their need. In the end all of us will be measured by the one and only one standard-The life of Jesus Christ. People who think they are in good condition with the LORD because they keep his commandments or they are good (at least in their own way) will sadly be disappointed in the last days. They will find out what they thought their good work will save them will not be there. The word of God says concerning this matter.

    “Now we know that what things so ever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and the entire world may become guilty before God.” Ro.3:19.

    The law here is meant the will of GOD as it is revealed in the HOLY BIBLE which binds all men everywhere regardless of what station of life they my may assume. It is precisely because all of us are unable to obey the will of GOD as it is revealed in the scriptures that God send his own begotten Son Jesus Christ. He alone lived a perfect life( before GOD and men) by fulfilling the law of GOD and then died to atone for our sins.A holy blood must be shed for sinners to be saved.For the scripture said,

    “For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul”.
    Leviticus 17:11.And again,
    “And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.”Hebrew 9:22

    Adam our federal head took humanity to sin and ruin, Jesus Christ the Last ADAM stood the test by overcoming the world, sins concurring the devil ,and the grave as head of the new creation he has interred back in to his glory all powers, principalities dominions being made under him. According to GOD’s eternal plan the only righteousness that is acceptable in the sight of GOD is the Righteousness of GOD which he himself is willing freely to give to those who want to repent and accept.Inother, words the standard of GOD’s righteousness is the LIFE of JESUS CHRIST.

    GOD is calling people to repent and believe the gospel as their assurance of salvation. Here is his plan of salvation.

    “Now we know that what things so ever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.

    Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

    But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

    Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:

    For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

    Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

    Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
    To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
    Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
    Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law”
    .Rom.3;19-28.

  17. mohamed
    | #17

    @aha!
    aha, It is clear you are aginst the federation of nations and nationalities.and although Eritrea is an independant state it remains a province for you.some are talking about the old 14 provineces.What do you propose to solve the deep and complicated problemes in Ethiopia.With diferent identity,different religions,different languages.For 50 percent Menelik,Haile Selssie are hero,for the other 50 Ahmed Gragn is the beloved hero.

    plus ethnic federalism put into the constitution is a prelude for secession with ill defined boundries subject to future boundry disputes as the case was for Eritrean Province, as opposed to leaving those porovinces with their original political boundr

  18. Melkamu
    | #18

    It is an insult to say many of the TPLf top officials suffer from AIDS. Is there a proof? I am against the divisive and hateful policy of tplf/eprdf of meles. But i also hate the culture of insulting each other. it is loathsome and barbaric.

  19. speculating
    | #19

    He can’t die because he is one of the Eritreans! If anyone doesn’t see pattern keep on the transfering of wealth and power now from TPLF(which is really subordinate of Shaebia) Tigryans as foot soldiers that they have to benefit from the system in order the Shaebia and Eritrea-Tigryans and Eritreans have more upper hand and they get support. The buffer zone has been Meles because of his wife, as non Eritrean. Azeb might soon be kicked out as she did Sebhat Nega. If Seyoum dies, then it will be very apparent. Either way, if the number of Eritreao-Tigryans, Eritreans increase in leadership, Tigryans will be minorities but the clever groups will make it look like once again using Tigryans systematically so that they benefit and do the dirty work of the groups now consolidating wealth and power from the middle class and poor to this group that eventually sustains slowly by camouflaging within the party. Alamoudi has been camouflaging as Wolloye and he has been staffing many Eritreans instead of Ethiopians.

    Why would be any different now the new Eritreans holding power and wealth as supposed to pre 1991? Before there was no a coordinated power and especially economic transfer to certain groups such as in this case the soon to be Eritreans mixers. Every one obtained wealth based on merit and hard work. Now with the political power they maybe holding if not stopped, as Meles did, more and more wealth will go to these groups and therefore help more of their own respective ethnic groups. They are systematically cheating and tricking with propoganda the ethnic groups, Oromo (especially the OLF elite), Tigryans. They set Tigryans and Oromo against Amara. They know that Tigryans and Oromos are most likely and will always be subordinate and even foot soldiers. Of course as Meles did, they must always provide economically to some Oromos and Tigryans again to comouflage their shady act to benefit from the system but who will always be blamed will be escpecially Tigryans these unfortunate ones. It is crystal clear. What it always has been was especially under Meles and when they took power, majority Tigryans were in power as in Eseye etc, however the consolidation of power and economy to Eritrean descendants started when the Eseye groups left the party. But Meles has cleverly brainwashing Tigryans and giving them economic incentives so that he gets support militarily and from other ethnic groups attack and of course to camouflage any Eritrean influence. In fact the Eritreans have always benefited from Ethiopia system where there was no descrimination since they became independent. Eriteans economically benefited the most to make them integrated into Ethiopian society at the expense of others this continued until 1998 where their economic benefit was cut off during Ethio-Eritrean war. There is no telling perhaps until Azeb took over EFFORT from Sebhat some funding could have been rewired, laundered for Eritrea secretly. As mentioned above it is very easy to persuade Oromos through OLF to demonize Amara. While they can easily manipulate Tigryans and Oromos through their respective parties by benefiting them especially Tigrayans benefit more while for Oromos through OLF is lip service. Shaebia has power over OLF and the infringed weak now disappeared EPPF that has been fighting for Ethiopia rather than for any specific ethnic group. The EPPF and OLF were set up against eachother where many EPPF may have disppeared by now. Having any resistance group under Shaebia is easy to make it look like Shaebia and TPLF aren’t friends although for short while the real fight occcured during 1998 war. Today will Meles gone and who was the buffer zone, and Azeb purged out, it might be declared finally and obviously negotiation between Eritreea and Ethiopia. This is one indication if there is negotiation this means now the growing influence of Eritrea over Ethiopia directly now it will be seen oh, we have reconciled and now perhaps the socieity can mingle etc. But it will be set up so that Eritrea will benefit more with Eritrean descendants in power in Ethiopia. As mentioned above, they will always have Tigryans with them to camouflage themselves. In terms of West, it is possible that some might be helping them achieve the influence over Ethiopia but the obvious American government obviously is not seeing eye to eye with Shaebia. Here is the trick, while we Ethiopians also have no way telling to identify between who is who in power from now on if most Eritrean descendants are in power. This time, they will be very careful to camouflage themselves and if they appoint any one we don’t know unless they mingle or declare themselves there is no guarantee if they are full Eritreans even! While we can’t even identify who is who in their leadershp, do you thing Americans will identify Eritreans from Tigryans? Absolutely not. So this is a great advantge for both Tigrayans and Eritreans although this is no benefit for Tigrayans if more and more Eritrean descendants have power in Ethiopia unless the Tigrayans exspose the them for their own benefit and for Ethiopia. However Tigryans like it has always been will be controlled by Eritrean descendants with Shaebia on the top of the pyramid. The Tigryans will also shut up if they are getting beneft and protected whether they have no choice or if they believe the propoganda from Shaebia/TPLF. It is possible TPLF(the wing of Shaebia and/or Eritrea) and Shaebia could completely using fear and benefiting convince the annexation of Tigray into Eritra which TPLF under Meles was working on. TPLF under Meles mislead us into thinking once again making Tigryans the guilty part that it is Tigray who wants/ wanted Abay Tigray but in fact it is Eritrea. Ato Mekonnen’s interview is eye opener if everything he said is genuine and truth and I think he is. he didn’t say this but he said, Eritreans having more advantage over Tigryans something like that somewhere in the interview. I am paraphrasing. Now going back to U.S, obiously like the majority Ethiopians, the U.S will also not be happy if they are actually dealing with Eritrean fringes and not Tigryans of Ethiopians. I don’t think they know when they deal in Ethiopia they have any idea Simon, Adanom, Sebhat etc, are Eritrean desendants. Like Ethiopians they might know or they may not believe it that Meles is also Eritrean descendant but Meles since he is manipulative have convinced the U.S or distracted them about his background. Of course, since Ethiopian opposition parties are so intrenched in their own selfish ethnic agenda and weak, they have the inability to analyse such things and they are short sighted. Perhaps the only group the danger Ethiopia is in is the Derg but they are discredited and their warning may not be taken seriously. The average Ethiopian are not trained or rewired on identification of who is who in Ethiopia as they don’t have the ability to far sight who the real danger is. For example it is easy someone writes about something shocking that is not true, of course the comments will pour in not with analysis or critical thinking we just react in support or against the article. Although it is true, like it has been planned, Tigrayans either they are the subordinate and no choice or because they are easily manipulated and have the inability to think the consequences, once again will take the harsh criticism from the rest of Ethiopians. As more criticism happens, the more they start to become insecure and top that the manipulation of TPLF scaring them if they don’t support TPLF Ethiopians will come after them and so on. This has been the reason more and more distrust among Ethiopian societies are growing that could lead to civil war. OLF the same, Lencho the god father of OLF is very much controlled by Shaebia and more Oromos are believing through groups like OLF and Lencho Letta there will be Oromia although the majority of Oromos still have not convinced or not trust OLF and believe and want to remain with Ethiopia. However more Oromo attrocitices will be set up since 1991 using tribal wars and TPLF oppression to push the Oromos away from Ethiopia and into the hands of OLF who are the poodles of Shaebia. But for Oromos there might not be Oromia as their land is fertile and Shaebia nad TPLF will use the land as much as they can in the mean time they wil continue manipulating OLF and Oromos through promises and by benefiting the very few of Oromos. Shaebia and TPLF number one fear is the unification of Amara and Oromos as they are the majority and they have the ability to strategize if these two groups join as they demonstrated under Italys attemp for colonization. In terms of Amara, Shaebia and TPLF fear the most and Amaras are not easily manipulated however Shaebia and TPLF since 21 years have very much weakened and demoralized and demonized Amara to the point Amaras no longer become activist and for fear they have been silenced. Because the fear is great from Amara they will do anything to weaken them using Tigryans, OLF and their own Amara groups that are affiliated with Eritreans to become basically not think beyond socializing with everybody that Eritreans are our brothers and sisters, etc, so that they don’t act. Too much interaction of Shaebia and TPLF with Amara is to distract them not to think crically and not to see what is really under neath. In addition they have set up Tigryans and Amaras so that there is bad blood between them without any vote Tigre annexed the fertile land of Gonder and Wollo. This will divert the attention what TPLF(Eritrean descendantss) and Eritrea are planning while Tigray and Amara are bickering. As to U.S, it is upto Ethiopians to identify such things who is who and expose these people so that U.S supports Ethiopia and not Eritrea per historical alliance between Ethiopian and U.S. As mentioned above, the affluent Ethiopians would rather or not yet matured enough to critically thing these things could happne and naively give up everything Ethiopia to bring Eritrea on board as it happened since Haile Selassie without knowing the underline strategy and goal of Shaebia and Eritrea. There are many Ethiopians willing, Eritreans have economic advantage within Ethiopia over the starved Ethiopians without no guarantee that whether they declare they are Ethiopians or Eritreans or overall resolve this conflict. What ever money they make within Ethiopia eventually gets rewired to pay taxes for Eritrea by sending it to Isayas. By Eritrea’s law, every Eritrean must pay some part of their income to Ereitrea. But Ethiopians don’t think critically such things does and could happen that takes money away from Ethiopia and into Eritrea. Eritrea since its independence will always think cricially unlike Ethiopians what could happen regarding Ethiopia that is if they want to remain independent. They will always be each one of them while partying with Ethiopians, they are as much staunch supporters of Eritreans secretly and know and coordinate themselves what to do with 3 steps ahead of Ethiopians. Ethiopians as being too diverse and more division among ourselves is widening, we have no ability or too gullibel or tooo tired and lazy what could happen and research and investigate really what the role of Eritrea in Ethiopia or what makes Eritrea tick. Due to TPLF weakening Ethiopian society Ethiopians are too desperate to make ammends with Eritrea with out gullibly studying and investigating what is going on really behind Eritrea. The success of Eritrea and TPlF is materializing, what every that is (of course they have the upper hand and that by itself is success) Ethiopians are paralyzed with fear and so confused what to do next. The disunity is happening using OLF and now recenly shown with the Muslims probalby with the help of Alamoudi. In general we should see the system unfold as time goes by and unless genuine Ethiopians Tigryans, Amara, etc expose these people sooon they are on their way of consolidating power and wealth even as we speak with the help of foreigners such as Egypt. For them the disintegration for now may not be that important as long as, as Meles did, they are able fully control all of Ethiopia for economic benefit until the right time comes. In the mean time, they are able to control Ethiopia by causing tribal wars, making Muslims rise up, etc, so that no Ethiopians will be able to maneuver for any resistance. Not to mention promoting demonizing eachother.

  20. speculating
    | #20

    If anyone doesn’t see pattern keep on the transfering of wealth and power now from TPLF(which is really subordinate of Shaebia) Tigryans as foot soldiers that they have to benefit from the system in order the Shaebia and Eritrea-Tigryans and Eritreans have more upper hand and they get support. The buffer zone has been Meles because of his wife, as non Eritrean. Azeb might soon be kicked out as she did Sebhat Nega. If Seyoum dies, then it will be very apparent. Either way, if the number of Eritreao-Tigryans, Eritreans increase in leadership, Tigryans will be minorities but the clever groups will make it look like once again using Tigryans systematically so that they benefit and do the dirty work of the groups now consolidating wealth and power from the middle class and poor to this group that eventually sustains slowly by camouflaging within the party. Alamoudi has been camouflaging as Wolloye and he has been staffing many Eritreans instead of Ethiopians.

    Why would be any different now the new Eritreans holding power and wealth as supposed to pre 1991? Before there was no a coordinated power and especially economic transfer to certain groups such as in this case the soon to be Eritreans mixers. Every one obtained wealth based on merit and hard work. Now with the political power they maybe holding if not stopped, as Meles did, more and more wealth will go to these groups and therefore help more of their own respective ethnic groups. They are systematically cheating and tricking with propoganda the ethnic groups, Oromo (especially the OLF elite), Tigryans. They set Tigryans and Oromo against Amara. They know that Tigryans and Oromos are most likely and will always be subordinate and even foot soldiers. Of course as Meles did, they must always provide economically to some Oromos and Tigryans again to comouflage their shady act to benefit from the system but who will always be blamed will be escpecially Tigryans these unfortunate ones. It is crystal clear. What it always has been was especially under Meles and when they took power, majority Tigryans were in power as in Eseye etc, however the consolidation of power and economy to Eritrean descendants started when the Eseye groups left the party. But Meles has cleverly brainwashing Tigryans and giving them economic incentives so that he gets support militarily and from other ethnic groups attack and of course to camouflage any Eritrean influence. In fact the Eritreans have always benefited from Ethiopia system where there was no descrimination since they became independent. Eriteans economically benefited the most to make them integrated into Ethiopian society at the expense of others this continued until 1998 where their economic benefit was cut off during Ethio-Eritrean war. There is no telling perhaps until Azeb took over EFFORT from Sebhat some funding could have been rewired, laundered for Eritrea secretly. As mentioned above it is very easy to persuade Oromos through OLF to demonize Amara. While they can easily manipulate Tigryans and Oromos through their respective parties by benefiting them especially Tigrayans benefit more while for Oromos through OLF is lip service. Shaebia has power over OLF and the infringed weak now disappeared EPPF that has been fighting for Ethiopia rather than for any specific ethnic group. The EPPF and OLF were set up against eachother where many EPPF may have disppeared by now. Having any resistance group under Shaebia is easy to make it look like Shaebia and TPLF aren’t friends although for short while the real fight occcured during 1998 war. Today will Meles gone and who was the buffer zone, and Azeb purged out, it might be declared finally and obviously negotiation between Eritreea and Ethiopia. This is one indication if there is negotiation this means now the growing influence of Eritrea over Ethiopia directly now it will be seen oh, we have reconciled and now perhaps the socieity can mingle etc. But it will be set up so that Eritrea will benefit more with Eritrean descendants in power in Ethiopia. As mentioned above, they will always have Tigryans with them to camouflage themselves. In terms of West, it is possible that some might be helping them achieve the influence over Ethiopia but the obvious American government obviously is not seeing eye to eye with Shaebia. Here is the trick, while we Ethiopians also have no way telling to identify between who is who in power from now on if most Eritrean descendants are in power. This time, they will be very careful to camouflage themselves and if they appoint any one we don’t know unless they mingle or declare themselves there is no guarantee if they are full Eritreans even! While we can’t even identify who is who in their leadershp, do you thing Americans will identify Eritreans from Tigryans? Absolutely not. So this is a great advantge for both Tigrayans and Eritreans although this is no benefit for Tigrayans if more and more Eritrean descendants have power in Ethiopia unless the Tigrayans exspose the them for their own benefit and for Ethiopia. However Tigryans like it has always been will be controlled by Eritrean descendants with Shaebia on the top of the pyramid. The Tigryans will also shut up if they are getting beneft and protected whether they have no choice or if they believe the propoganda from Shaebia/TPLF. It is possible TPLF(the wing of Shaebia and/or Eritrea) and Shaebia could completely using fear and benefiting convince the annexation of Tigray into Eritra which TPLF under Meles was working on. TPLF under Meles mislead us into thinking once again making Tigryans the guilty part that it is Tigray who wants/ wanted Abay Tigray but in fact it is Eritrea. Ato Mekonnen’s interview is eye opener if everything he said is genuine and truth and I think he is. he didn’t say this but he said, Eritreans having more advantage over Tigryans something like that somewhere in the interview. I am paraphrasing. Now going back to U.S, obiously like the majority Ethiopians, the U.S will also not be happy if they are actually dealing with Eritrean fringes and not Tigryans of Ethiopians. I don’t think they know when they deal in Ethiopia they have any idea Simon, Adanom, Sebhat etc, are Eritrean desendants. Like Ethiopians they might know or they may not believe it that Meles is also Eritrean descendant but Meles since he is manipulative have convinced the U.S or distracted them about his background. Of course, since Ethiopian opposition parties are so intrenched in their own selfish ethnic agenda and weak, they have the inability to analyse such things and they are short sighted. Perhaps the only group the danger Ethiopia is in is the Derg but they are discredited and their warning may not be taken seriously. The average Ethiopian are not trained or rewired on identification of who is who in Ethiopia as they don’t have the ability to far sight who the real danger is. For example it is easy someone writes about something shocking that is not true, of course the comments will pour in not with analysis or critical thinking we just react in support or against the article. Although it is true, like it has been planned, Tigrayans either they are the subordinate and no choice or because they are easily manipulated and have the inability to think the consequences, once again will take the harsh criticism from the rest of Ethiopians. As more criticism happens, the more they start to become insecure and top that the manipulation of TPLF scaring them if they don’t support TPLF Ethiopians will come after them and so on. This has been the reason more and more distrust among Ethiopian societies are growing that could lead to civil war. OLF the same, Lencho the god father of OLF is very much controlled by Shaebia and more Oromos are believing through groups like OLF and Lencho Letta there will be Oromia although the majority of Oromos still have not convinced or not trust OLF and believe and want to remain with Ethiopia. However more Oromo attrocitices will be set up since 1991 using tribal wars and TPLF oppression to push the Oromos away from Ethiopia and into the hands of OLF who are the poodles of Shaebia. But for Oromos there might not be Oromia as their land is fertile and Shaebia nad TPLF will use the land as much as they can in the mean time they wil continue manipulating OLF and Oromos through promises and by benefiting the very few of Oromos. Shaebia and TPLF number one fear is the unification of Amara and Oromos as they are the majority and they have the ability to strategize if these two groups join as they demonstrated under Italys attemp for colonization. In terms of Amara, Shaebia and TPLF fear the most and Amaras are not easily manipulated however Shaebia and TPLF since 21 years have very much weakened and demoralized and demonized Amara to the point Amaras no longer become activist and for fear they have been silenced. Because the fear is great from Amara they will do anything to weaken them using Tigryans, OLF and their own Amara groups that are affiliated with Eritreans to become basically not think beyond socializing with everybody that Eritreans are our brothers and sisters, etc, so that they don’t act. Too much interaction of Shaebia and TPLF with Amara is to distract them not to think crically and not to see what is really under neath. In addition they have set up Tigryans and Amaras so that there is bad blood between them without any vote Tigre annexed the fertile land of Gonder and Wollo. This will divert the attention what TPLF(Eritrean descendantss) and Eritrea are planning while Tigray and Amara are bickering. As to U.S, it is upto Ethiopians to identify such things who is who and expose these people so that U.S supports Ethiopia and not Eritrea per historical alliance between Ethiopian and U.S. As mentioned above, the affluent Ethiopians would rather or not yet matured enough to critically thing these things could happne and naively give up everything Ethiopia to bring Eritrea on board as it happened since Haile Selassie without knowing the underline strategy and goal of Shaebia and Eritrea. There are many Ethiopians willing, Eritreans have economic advantage within Ethiopia over the starved Ethiopians without no guarantee that whether they declare they are Ethiopians or Eritreans or overall resolve this conflict. What ever money they make within Ethiopia eventually gets rewired to pay taxes for Eritrea by sending it to Isayas. By Eritrea’s law, every Eritrean must pay some part of their income to Ereitrea. But Ethiopians don’t think critically such things does and could happen that takes money away from Ethiopia and into Eritrea. Eritrea since its independence will always think cricially unlike Ethiopians what could happen regarding Ethiopia that is if they want to remain independent. They will always be each one of them while partying with Ethiopians, they are as much staunch supporters of Eritreans secretly and know and coordinate themselves what to do with 3 steps ahead of Ethiopians. Ethiopians as being too diverse and more division among ourselves is widening, we have no ability or too gullibel or tooo tired and lazy what could happen and research and investigate really what the role of Eritrea in Ethiopia or what makes Eritrea tick. Due to TPLF weakening Ethiopian society Ethiopians are too desperate to make ammends with Eritrea with out gullibly studying and investigating what is going on really behind Eritrea. The success of Eritrea and TPlF is materializing, what every that is (of course they have the upper hand and that by itself is success) Ethiopians are paralyzed with fear and so confused what to do next. The disunity is happening using OLF and now recenly shown with the Muslims probalby with the help of Alamoudi. In general we should see the system unfold as time goes by and unless genuine Ethiopians Tigryans, Amara, etc expose these people sooon they are on their way of consolidating power and wealth even as we speak with the help of foreigners such as Egypt. For them the disintegration for now may not be that important as long as, as Meles did, they are able fully control all of Ethiopia for economic benefit until the right time comes. In the mean time, they are able to control Ethiopia by causing tribal wars, making Muslims rise up, etc, so that no Ethiopians will be able to maneuver for any resistance. Not to mention promoting demonizing eachother.

  21. Nebelbal
    | #21

    Hear This!! Hear This!!!

    RIH (Rot in Hell) Meles,turns out you couldn’t cheat DEATH! Fool!!! Ethiopians! September 2nd, look up into the Addis sky and you will see a rainbow,circle…followed by a dark patch in the clouds 666 will be clearly visible at 12:00 noon. But that won’t last for long as everything will go dark and starts to hail and a huge thunder breaks. Meles meets his maker!!!

    PASS THIS ON!!!
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  22. Tasew
    | #22

    Do you want hear what a real and thorough analysis looks like? I’ll invite you to this wonderfully written post by a renown Ethiopian:

    Much has been written about the late Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi, since his untimely death on August 20, 2012. Almost all the obituaries, reflections and commentaries measure the man, and his political record, against standards that are not his own.
    Meles Zenawi was not a leader whose scorecard could be ticked off in a mechanical manner. He was a grand reformer in a global tradition of state builders. He was an original thinker, of the most sustained and systematic kind, and his theory and practice of politics and development established its own framework for measuring success. Meles’ intellectual and political framework should indeed be scrutinized critically, and his record should be rigorously examined, but to criticize or condemn Meles for failing to abide by standards that he had himself comprehensively dismantled and superseded, would be wrong.
    The avalanche of international writings about Meles over the last week demonstrates one thing above all other: he was a leader of consequence, who was taken seriously by admirers and critics alike. The more thoughtful articles and obituaries recognize that his leadership of Ethiopia is a challenge to conventional wisdom.
    The outpouring of grief among Ethiopians demonstrates something else: that Ethiopians held him in great esteem. They appreciated the fact that under his leadership, their country had regained a global stature that it had last held in the heyday of Emperor Haile Selassie. Meles’ twenty years as Prime Minister gave Ethiopians reasons to be proud, and their affection and admiration for him is clearer today than ever before. Meles himself would have felt humbled.
    We can speculate how Meles himself might have reviewed the obituaries and commentaries that have poured out following his untimely death. The main mantra of the commentary has been: impressive economic record, political failures centered on his authoritarianism. Meles would have dismissed many of these commentaries as unimpressively shallow, drawing on simplistic yardsticks and outdated neoliberal paradigms.
    He would have found them uninformed by the political realities of Ethiopia and the region, but more significantly, theoretically naïve. Credit for economic growth is not a meaningful plaudit unless one can explain whether this is superficial expansion, driven by rentier sectors such as oil exports and real estate speculation, or broad-based growth based on value creation.
    Criticism over authoritarian politics is similarly meaningless: does one regard it as mindless repression carried out for purposes of political survival or understand it as instrumental in pursuit of progressive political transformation?
    To the more thoughtful critiques, he would have responded, “time will tell.” For Meles, like other great reformers including Deng Xiaoping, Mahathir Mohamad, Lee Kuan Yew and Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the one measure truly worthy of respect for any policy was success, and it was going to be another decade, at least, before the worthiness of his comprehensive development plan for Ethiopia could properly be evaluated.
    For sure, he readily admitted, we will make some bad mistakes. But if Ethiopia can complete its transformation in the next fifteen years, our critics will be buried. Meles was a patient man.
    Meles never followed any policy prescription other than his own, and never served an interest other than Ethiopia’s.
    Some uninformed commentators have predicted instability. The Kenyan Prime Minister is one, some American pundits are others. We can remind them how Ethiopians coped with their last, far greater, threat of internal crisis.
    When the EPRDF entered Addis Abeba on May 28, 1991, virtually the whole world held its breath and expected Ethiopia to go the way of Somalia four months earlier. But three days later, on time, salaries and pensions were paid, and the country’s institutions resumed their normal functioning. Today, Ethiopia is much stronger and its tradition of continuity and respect for the state is more vibrant than ever.
    Most Diasporas are alienated from domestic realities and prone to extremism. The Ethiopian diaspora is no exception. Their hysterical commentaries need no response: they are inconsequential. In public, Meles himself would have been contemptuously silent, or perhaps scornfully dismissive, of them. In private, he would have been amusingly sarcastic, wondering what such people might do with their pointless hatred now he has gone. The simple fact is that Meles was the most intellectually brilliant political leader of his generation. He was a unique combination of theorist and practitioner, and his actions and explanations were invariably coherent and all of a piece. When one asked him a question, he would, with just the slightest pause, respond with a full argument that began from a set of first principles apparently unrelated to the topic in hand, and proceed to develop an entirely cogent and usually persuasive account, which made one see the issue in a new and more complete light.
    Meles was an intellectual patriot, both in the sense that his analysis and policies always had the strategic interests of Ethiopia at heart, and in that he drew upon Ethiopian history and context to develop paradigms that were at once theoretically cogent and locally applicable. He was no imitator and he had no time for lazy thinkers who trotted out prescriptions, political or economic, that failed to deal with the specificities of the Ethiopian case.
    For example, one of Meles’ favorite ripostes to those who argued that he was subverting or undermining Ethiopian tradition by building an ethnic federation, was that historically, the state in Ethiopia had very modest reach. He echoed Margery Perham’s comment about the Emperor Haile Selassie being an autocrat whose power extended as far as the first roadblock outside Addis Ababa.
    Ethiopians have a customary reverence for the state and its ruler, but in practice that state authority and capacity was enormously limited. The Emperor might rule by a combination of guile, reverence and intermittent forcible forays into the hinterland, but his real power to shape the country was minimal.
    The EPRDF government was attempting two major historical transformations in governance. One was to devolve power such that all the diverse nations and communities felt equal co-owners of the country. The second was to build state institutions that, for the first time ever, reached everywhere, all the time.
    From his early days in the field as a cadre of the TPLF, Meles consistently identified Ethiopia’s fundamental national question as overcoming poverty. This was the hallmark of the front’s policies during the armed struggle. The deep understanding and mutual confidence between the TPLF and the peasantry was consolidated during those years.
    On taking power in 1991, Meles said that his priority was to feed the people. A decade later he identified the number one national security challenge as overcoming poverty. Economic development was the chosen focus for his main intellectual endeavors, including his unfinished masters’ thesis. His framework of the “democratic developmental state” is genuinely innovative.
    One of Meles’ earliest and most celebrated battles with international donors was his insistence that Ethiopia would not take loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank unless unacceptable conditions were lifted. The condition at issue was the IMF policy that foreign aid should not be incorporated into national budgetary planning, on the grounds that it was unpredictable, and relying on it would lead to unsustainable fiscal policies. Meles argued, with evidence, that this was false, and won. The Bretton Woods Institutions reversed their policies.
    Meles clearly identified the challenge of development as primarily a political one. He argued that it is necessary to master the technicalities of economics, but essential not to let them become a dogma that masters you. He identified the perils of unfettered economic and political liberalization, arguing that these would impoverish the country and leave politics as a zero-sum game, with factions competing for state power with the aim of sharing the spoils between them. A developmental state, he argued, needed to be built on a strong foundation of a developmental ethos that had been deeply internalized by the population. Once that is established, he said, then, a mature democracy can be built.
    The authoritarianism that stemmed from this framework was the most controversial element of Meles’ time in power. Critics point to the repression of opposition, the closing of newspapers, and imprisonment of dissenters. Meles himself would counter that human rights begin with the right to food and livelihood, and that securing these rights should not be jeopardized.
    In some respects, Meles’ model resembles the Chinese one: he established a de facto one-party state and was pursuing economic growth without political liberalization. But the greater significance of the rise of China for Ethiopia is that it gave Ethiopia the freedom to break away from the straitjacket of the Washington Consensus and choose its own path. There is no realistic way in which Ethiopia can come to resemble America or Sweden-its more accessible models are drawn from Asia.
    Meles represented a new generation of Pan-Africanists, alongside leaders such as Thabo Mbeki, who recognized that the continent needs to anchor its efforts towards political unity in the practicalities of economic integration. He consistently promoted developmental initiatives such as the New Partnership for Africa Development (NEPAD). He also recognized that Africa needs strong states, and used Ethiopia’s military capacities for the good of the region. He was actively engaged in the Sudanese peace process, providing political and military support to the AU’s efforts – for example dispatching a mechanized brigade of peacekeepers to the contentious area of Abyei on the borders between Sudan and South Sudan.
    All Meles’ foreign policy positions were drawn from national interest and a deep analysis of the bigger picture, not posturing or rhetoric. Ethiopia intervened in Somalia at no-one’s behest. If he were to hear the charge that he has been acting as America’s policeman, Meles would smile and say, “let them believe that.”
    Next year, the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Abeba, Meles was due to become President of the African Union (AU). He championed the AU. That anniversary will be an opportunity to reflect on Meles’ legacy and help redefine Pan-Africanism for the 21st century.
    The one critique to which Meles would undoubtedly aver is, his experiment in the developmental state is not proven yet. Ethiopia has come a long way since 1991, it is physically and economically changed, but it is only halfway to its destination as a middle-income country with a democratic political culture.
    Should he be able to assess his obituaries and commentaries, Meles would scrutinize the one that really counts: the opinions of the next generation of Ethiopians. Everything else is decoration. It is the young people of Ethiopia, including the emergent leaders within the EPRDF, who will determine whether Meles’ vision of a democratic developmental state becomes a reality. Meles’ two decades as the head of government will be difficult to follow. He has helped identify and promote a new generation of leadership. Certainly, their political skills will be tested. But they are beginning with a formidable legacy.

  23. aha!
    | #23

    Tasew! Good euology to supplement the Officials of the party apparatus and foreign dignitaries despite the humanitarian, political, and economical crises perpetrated by TPLF/eprdf regime, where eprdf is only a cover for the TPLF Polit buerro and supporter of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, built into the constitution, where the last item is modified into State Capitalism, denying individual freedom, liberty and equality to precede ethnic and secessionist rights, Ethiopian Nationalism, Ethiopian National Interests and the sovereignity of Ethiopia, and denial of private ownereship of land to the silent majority of Ethiopians, and yet available to cadres, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated Enterprises and foreign corporations engaged in the exploitation, economic and political strangle hold of the silent majority of Ethiopians and its resources.

    No body questions the intelligence of the author and others who wrote similar essays, half-way in between those of national agenda and those of ethnic agenda of the TPLF/eprdf regime, nor the inteligence of the Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, albeit his policies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism had negative consequences to the silent majority of Ethiopians that are living under abject poverty, staggering inflation and famine due to unmitigated food security, making Ethiopians dependent on food aid and finacial aid in the order of $800 million dollars. Put that your accolade and that of the foreign dignitaries on either side of judicial scale or or balance of negative and positive forces (economical and political), you will find the balance has been tipped towards the negative forces of disintegration. No matter how many bright individuals might be emerging under the current constitutional frame work of ethnic federalism, secessioninm and totaliarinism as a continuation to the legacy of the Prime Minister whose ethnic party has evolved, either by extiction or eviction and has formed a coalition of teletafi parties directly embracing the constitution will bring about individual freedom as a bases for democratic rule and democratic government, where the rulers govern by the consent of the governed, because of party alignments by ethnic agenda rather than national agenda and becauses the land mass is divided and alloted to seven of Nine and/or 80 ethnic groups, now matter the the configuration of TPLF/eprdf leadership.

  24. Zerayakob Yared
    | #24

    “Meles as Jesus” says cadre. Ki.. Ki.. Ki..!!

    It is like his brother on the other side is still shouting the failed plan: „eritrea the ‘Singapore’ of Africa”

    Please no Association of that ጭንጋፍ with anything great personality. He can be compared only with Manuel Noriega. From the beginning till the end!

  25. aha!
    | #25

    Kenneth Roth wrote an article entitled Death of an aritocrat, by virtue of being the rising star from TPLF Politbeurro, leaving out the other attribute of an ethnocrat and ethnic dictatator by virtue of being an architect of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism into the costitution, that denies individual freedom, liberty and equality ahead of ethnic and secessionist rights as well as adopting State Capitalism over the existing totaliarinism, denying free market capitalism and/or mixed economic model as it exists in the western democracies to the silent majority of Ethiopians except for TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations much similar to the ex-appatheid system of adminstration standing against the restoration of Ethiopian Nationalism and its sovereignity, representing the potent negative forces of disintegration of Ethiopia.

  26. Ethiopian
    | #26

    Meles and his gang are basically sociopathic thugs. I cannot imagine the horror of living anywhere without freedom of speech or rule of law. This regime has degenerated a culture that was once based on decency, integrity and honor into one of that is based on thuggery!! One cannot live under such a regime and not be impacted by it on a deeper level. If you happen to be a thug, you have no conscience and you behave in a primitive manner without impunity (Meles). But for the ones that have integrity, I truly cannot imagine how painful it must be to live under such a regime.

    It disgusts me that we held a state funeral for a SOCIOPATH, meanwhile we have yet to honor Haile Sellassie with the honor that he deserves.

  27. belihu
    | #27

    MELES IS GONE BY DEVINE INTERVENTION. ONE LESS DICTATOR FOR AFRICA, GOOD NEWS!!! MENGISTU SPILLED BLOOD, MELES SEEDED POISON!!! BOTH DICTATORS COMMITTED CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY. WE HAVE NOW AN OPPORTUNITY TO COME TOGETHER AND ESTABLISH A LASTING DEMOCRACY AND A REPUBLIC OF ONE ETHIOPIA, WHERE GOVERNMENT FEARS THE PEOPLE AND INDIVIDUAL RIGHT REIGNS SUPREME OF ALL RIGHTS. I HOPE ETHIOPIA WILL BE THE LAND WHERE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ARE LYNCHED PUBLICLY (OK, HARSH PENALTY) WHEN THEY COMMIT CRIME AND/OR VIOLATE RULE OF LAW. THOSE OF YOU ELITISTS, THEORISTS, ALL “YEMIHURAN IWIRAN” IN GENERAL, PLEASE STAY AWAY FROM RUNNING FOR OFFICE. YOU HAVE CAUSED SO MUCH PAIN FOR THE LAST FOUR DECADES, STAY IN YOUR CAMPUS CAGE, PLEASE. I WANT MY LEADERS TO COME FROM THE REAL PEOPLE WITH EXPERIENCE OF REAL LIFE.

  28. T. Feyssa
    | #28

    Tecola W. Hagos,

    If You really have the courage and honesty, condemn the danger of ethnic politics and its outcome with out distortion.
    Then I can listen to You.
    I am sure, You don’t want to go there.

  29. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #29

    T. Feyssa and others
    Read my essays/articles carefully before making false accusations, as is the case with T. Feyssa’s comment #28. I have written many times how harmful ethnicity is as a base for any form of government. I even went further pointing out that I do not favor a “federal” structure for Ethiopia. I have always clearly stated that “a unitary” system of structure using the provincial administrative system of earlier governments to be the best for Ethiopia. I even advocated to reexamine the issue of establishing a constitutional monarchy for Ethiopia. Federal structure of any sort is difficult to maintain under the current state of development of Ethiopia, and also considering the hostility of our neighbouring nations to our very being Ethiopians, people of great history and endurance as a free people for thousands of years.

    People like T. Feyssa should read carefully my essays before writing idiotic statements about my political outlook, especially when it is graphically stated. I have quoted here from the article above what I wrote about the ethnic based government of Meles Zenawi and the EPRDF:

    “B. Meles Zenawi and his Political Misdeeds

    The political policies and activities of Meles Zenawi in general are areas that I have the most disagreement with Meles Zenawi. I have selected hereunder some of the activities and policies that are of great concern to me and should be to all of us:

    1.He has harmed Ethiopia to such an extent that its future existence is questionable. The most harmful political action was his compromising the territorial integrity of Ethiopia by allowing the land locking of Ethiopia. His ridicules campaign to convince us that losing our coastal territory is to be treated like a business transaction rather than as a national security issue, and that we can buy port services from the surrounding countries is one fact that we should never forget or forgive. That was the worst betrayal of trust by any Ethiopian political leader.

    2.He signed off tens of thousands of square kilometers of historic-Ethiopian territory to the Sudan.

    3.He promoted the secessionist agenda of dividing Ethiopia by ethnic groups at the cost of maintaining the unity and territorial integrity of Ethiopia.

    4.His policy on ethnicity and the fragmentation of Ethiopia on the basis of ethnic identity is a system that uses the basest common denominator of human groups. It is a primitive and ultimately destructive system that will harm everyone involved. He introduced the Fascist period division by ethnic groups establishing Kilil Governments that are the precursors of future fragmentations and creation of new states by destroying historic-Ethiopia.

    5.He allowed mass removal often violently as a form of ethnic-cleansing of settled Ethiopians from different parts of Ethiopia.”

    Thank you all.
    Tecola W. Hagos

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