Discussing Ethiopia’s Ethnic Nationalism and Ethnic Conflicts By Fekade Shewakena

January 25th, 2013 Print Print Email Email

Over the last couple of weeks, particularly following news that the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) foiled an assassination plot against Ato Abebe Gelaw, a journalist and political activist who heckled Meles Zenawi at a heads of states meeting in Washington DC last year, a completely misguided and unhelpful ethnic politicking is raging on the internet, Ethiopian social media and community radio stations. While I was nursing a terrible flue last weekend, I had some time to surf through several Ethiopian pal-talk rooms and internet sites. By and large, the discussions, if you can call them that, are ugly , savage and most importantly unhelpful . It is sad that such a wonderful technology that can bring people from different corners of the world on a spot and can be used for meaningful discussions and problem solving actions is being abused so flagrantly.

My objective here is not making accusations but to point out how dangerous and counterproductive the prevailing discussions and views that I observed are. I am in no way trying to discourage discussion on the subject of ethnic politics in Ethiopia. On the contrary, the reason I am writing this is because I favor even more reasoned and civilized discussions on the subject of ethnic nationalism and conflicting ethnic interests that I believe are growing dangerously in our country. We have to discuss this issue even if some parts of it can make us uncomfortable. We can cover the fire with the ash and convince ourselves that there is no fire in there but some wind someday is bound to blow it on our faces. We are compounding the problem by not putting it to reasoned discussion and articulate with evidence and data along with the solutions and with a level of dispassionateness.

Followers of ethicized politics often get their history education from the worst writers of history, ethnocentric politicians. I have once met some nice Ethiopian who told me that Menilik killed 5 million Oromos while expanding to South and East Ethiopia and referred me to an article written by someone as evidence. I was stunned to find out that he believes the story. I asked this person if he was willing to sit with me for less than half an hour so that I can use a mathematical model from the science of demography to show him that there were no 5 million Oromos in Ethiopia at the time and that even the total population of Ethiopia at the time hovered only around 10 million people. It did not take him a minute after I showed him to understand that the person who educated him wanted to make maximum impact in his mind than convey the truth. The narrative of our ethnic political discourse is replete with these kinds of fabrications and lies made by politicians who masquerade as historians. They have a mission of making maximum impact for their cause.

I am not raising this example to diminish the fact that there has always been ethnic marginalization, injustice and inequality in Ethiopia. I am simply trying to show how some people want to convert a legitimate cause into some form of a sickness. It is hard to argue that this maximum impact seeking historiographers have not succeeded in many cases. Consider, for example, the case of what I came across in an Ethiopian pal talk room ironically named “Room for Political Civility”. I had a chance to listen to one individual nicknamed “Dejena”, who said he logged on to the room from Addis Ababa. The guy, an ethnic Tigrean, was so furious about the accusations of TPLF involvement in the Abebe Gelaw assassination plot (which he magically translated as accusation against all Tigreans) told the audience that he knows the origin of ethnic hatred in Ethiopia very well with an air of authority on the subject. He said the origin of ethnic hatred in Ethiopia is what he called “Ankoberism”. I am quoting him verbatim. As evidence, he quoted some writer who lived over a hundred years ago during the time of Emperor Menilik and who wrote pejorative phrases about ethnic Tigreans as his proof. He then went on raging against the Amhara using the usual code words like “Timkihegnoch”, “neftegnoch” etc. His hate mongering made me wonder if these are the kind of people that are capable of committing the kind of savagery we witnessed in Rwanda. Mind you, like the people who committed the savage carnage in Rwanda, this man is on the side of a powerful government that is being led by the TPLF and he is still raging as a victim. Then came an eloquent, self declared Oromo under a nickname “True Democracy” responding to “Dejena” and others who were repeating the fabricated “Tigrean cause”. He said that the enemies of his people today are no more the Ankoberites but the “Neftegna from Adwa”. He said it is the Tigrean elite led by the TPLF who are persecuting and looting his people bare. He quoted researches made by Ginbot 7 to show how, what he referred to as “the Tigrean elite”, is taking over the country in an apartheid system. His limited attempt to make a distinction between the people of Tigrai and the TPLF could not help stop the rants of the speakers that came after him. None of what was presented and the tone with which it was presented was helpful to stimulate any reasoned discussion or educate anybody. Nor were there any mature people that showed up in the room to strike some middle ground or balance. There were over four hundred people logged on to the site. It looks like everybody was speaking and writing to make the other side angry. It was like the Wild West. The whole thing was so disgusting that I turned it off. In most other Ethiopian pal talk rooms that I stopped by, individuals accuse the TPLF of sending assassins to the US to kill its critics and opponents starting with Abebe Gelaw. Nearly all of them play victim and call for a vigilant response. Yet the ongoing investigation on the assassination plot against Abebe Gelaw has not so far made any definitive conclusion.

For the record let me once again make this clear. I am not one of those who want to dismiss or wish away questions and discussions related to ethnic nationalism from Ethiopia’s political discourse. I believe those who do are not dealing with reality. Ethnic nationalist questions with serious potentials for ugly and totally destabilizing conflicts exist in Ethiopia and are growing faster than many of us may want to admit. We cannot blame anybody for the existence of ethnic nationalist politics in Ethiopia. We can’t accuse the TPLF of creating ethnic identity politics in Ethiopia. It existed in Ethiopia before TPLF. We can debate whether the TPLF had made it worse or better. I believe it has made it worse. But believe it or not, it is not going to go away even if the TPLF goes away. The Ethiopian political landscape has changed irreversibly with regard to identity politics. The best we can do now is to think hard through the problem and come up with ideas that are acceptable to all sides in the contention. This may even mean going to the left of the TPLF and Meles Zenawi if we can find solutions. There are useless suggestions that I hear coming even from very educated Ethiopians. They say substituting individual rights for group rights would solve the problem. This in my view is a false distinction. Group rights and individual rights can coexist without a problem. Individual rights also include the rights of individuals to form groups if they so choose to help themselves as individuals. But neither group rights nor individual rights are guaranteed in Ethiopia today and whatever rights written in the constitution are fast eroding. In any case, the ethnic question will not go away even if we hate it. These days, I see that even some Amharas are trying to create a non-existent Amhara nationalism from the scratch.

The authorities ruling Ethiopia are not trying to solve the ethnic or national question, whichever you want to call it. They are trying to use it for a short term political end. Accusations that the TPLF has disproportionate representation in decisive positions of government particularly the army, the security forces and key government positions is a public secret and many including many ethnic Tigreans are resenting it. Even the choice of a Prime Minister from Wolayta has not helped diminish the question. It probably made it worse. The officials are neither justifying nor denying or addressing the accusations that are mounting by the day in any form. But the backlash is very palpable.

The Ethiopian authorities should stop that patronizing ethnic groups and ethnic elites is a substitute for addressing the serious question of inequality in the country. Look at what happened at Addis Ababa University only two weeks after that huge, wasteful and useless patronizing farce held at Baher Dar – the so called “Nations and Nationalities and Peoples Day”. There was an ugly ethnic war between Oromo and Tigrean students where many were hurt, and many are still in prison. I am told such conflicts have become perennial and frequent in nearly all schools of higher education in the country. How can sane people expect to have a better, more united, stable and prosperous country while we watch the future leaders already at war? Ethnic groups dancing their cultural dances and showing their traditional garbs and parading together doesn’t move us an inch closer to equality or solve our problems. The officials know this. If that were the case senior officials including Ato Hailemariam Desalegn who addressed the crowd would have come to the celebration in their ethnic dresses instead of their western suits.


Ethiopia is a very poor country inhabited by people who suffer abject poverty. Alleviating this poverty requires a level of stability and hopeful future where every citizen believes that they have equal shot at accessing opportunities. There is also a serious need for a political environment that encourages all of us to believe in our country and participate in helping solve this problem. Many of us outside of Ethiopia have a lot to give given this environment. I for one consider myself as someone marginalized by the regime from helping my country. For example, whatever the motive for the initiation, I believe the building of the dam on the Abbay is a good idea that must not fail. I am denied the opportunity to make contributions. I know many who are in my situation.

Ethiopia’s various ethnic groups or call them nations, nationalities and peoples, will be appreciating their equality only when they have equal access to everything the country offers and feel that they are not treated as second class citizens, and when the historically disadvantaged, particularly the small ethnic groups in the peripheral areas of Ethiopia, are given a little extra help.

The predominance of Ethnic Tigreans in key decision making positions is a central issue of discussion among Ethiopians. In my view this dominance could be reasonably explained perhaps up until about 15 years ago. If there are good explanations justifying this dominance today from the side of the TPLF, I haven’t heard one yet. Some are already calling it TPLF apartheid and this in my view is a serious accusation. I have even heard some non Ethiopian Ethiopia observers use the term. The government cannot dismiss these accusations which are increasingly being shown with the support of figures and objects by its opponents. Attacking the people who raise the issue does not answer the question. Certainly the kinds of discussions we are having about it currently are not helping.

Ethiopian authorities should let students at higher education centers exercise and experience multiethnic student governments by collectively and freely electing their leaders. They should be allowed to discuss everything under the Ethiopian sky. That was how we did it when I and Meles Zenawi and a lot of the current leaders were students at Hailessilassie University. The Ethiopian authorities should be ashamed that the way they handle academic freedom in universities and colleges is far inferior from the one we enjoyed under Emperor Hailesilassie’s Ethiopia. This is not to mention the disastrous quality of education they are providing at all levels. I had hard time believing news that there are students in colleges who have a hard time reading and writing until I heard it from the mouths of respected educationists such as Professors Habtamu Wondimu and Baye Yimam on the Voice of America a few weeks ago from.
The freakish obsession with control by the authorities from small local “idir” to every civic and religious institution is not only unsustainable but also dangerously counterproductive. It can only give you an illusion of control until it explodes on your face.

Both supporters and opponents of the government should not play with this issue as a political football and use it to bully one another. Knowledgeable Ethiopians, professional historians and responsible political leaders should not leave the discussion of this subject to narrow and single minded people who approach the issue only from hatred, anger or sheer ignorance. It is much better to discuss these things in public civilly and confront the reality than trying to push it under the rug and let it simmer. Debating it with an open mind will not kill anybody; shoving it under the rug and denying the reality will. We will all lose finally if it goes wrong.

  1. dodo
    | #1

    It seems to me that this person speaks from both sides of his mouth. He ventures some pro-forma opposition to the TPLF but in the same vein dismisses or minimizes their horrendous misdeeds. He tries to blurr ( though unsuccessfully) that most significant of differences in a society i.e.between group rights and individual rights. Above all, he wants to reassure us that the Tigrean domination of the Ethiopian society and their control of the commanding heights of the economy is not something we should be bothered about. tut tut. It sounds like a desperate attempt to be in the good graces of TPLF

  2. Ethiopian from Minnesota, U.S.A
    | #2

    Well analyzed and presented. The biggest problem of Ethiopia are the best educated individuals from every ethnic group whose only goal seems to be self-indulging, power mongering ambition they have. The tigrean, amhara, oromo, wolayta, gurage, somali, hadya, and all other ethnic elites have not done anything substantial or beneficial actions to alleviate the pains of the poor and unfortunate members of their respective ethnic groups as consequence, the poverty stricken Ethiopians. It is easy to be inflicted with Logorreha, the eternal disease of the Ethiopian elite and Intelligentsia. What we are witnessing is the continuous competition of disparaging and dehumanizing of each other rather than constructive approach to positive common solution. It is depressing to witness the loss of bright minds into sucking darkness. It is crime to see so many intellectuals being poisoned with inexcusable dividing negativity. All Ethiopians from every ethnicity except those in the ruling class are going through the same avenue of poverty and despair. The Tigrean poor is shading the same tears as the Amhara, Oromo, ,Gurage, Hadya, Wolayta, Gambella, Wolayta, Somali, etc. poor. These Ethiopian poor people have more understanding of the situation of the country and respect to each other than the well formally educated members of the different ethnic groups. Those who travel on the online avenue, hidden behind the key board, are the most destructive working against the unity of the country. They are the cultivators of evil who use their formal education for spreading hatred among the peaceful people of Ethiopia. I do not mind if they attack the government for whatever shortcomings and mismanagement of the country. But blaming and demonizing ethnic group in a wholesale manner indicates that these pal-talk participants are scumbags. Those who use their education to misinform and mislead the unsuspecting audience rather than educate and guide towards the unity and togetherness are disgrace to society. They betray the purpose of education. Their mind is filled not with knowledge but stinky mucus which should be blown out so they can be saved from being demented. Let God save Ethiopia from these cancerous beings.

  3. ለበጥባጭ ለዘረኛ የሕግ መርፌ!!!!
    | #3

    ችግራችንን ድብልቅልቅ ያለ መላ ማስያዝ የማይቻል ስርም እየሰደደ ያለ ይመስላል
    ይህ እኛን ልዪ አያደርግም ሁሉም አገር በየመልኩ እየቀመሰው ነው
    ከጎረቤቶች ኤርትራ ሱዳን ኬንያ
    ከሩቅ አፍርካ ናይጄሪያ
    ባህር ማዶ ሶርያ እንግሊዝንም ብናይ ማለት ይቻላል
    የዘር የጎሳ የሃይማኖት ነገር አስቸጋረና የተወሳሳበ ነው በይብልጥም በድህነት ላይ የአመለካከት ችግረ ሲኖር ማለቴ ነው
    የአመለካከት ችግር በምሳሌ ዛሬን ብቻ ለመኖር ቀማኛነት የትም እኖራለሁ ማንንም አታልላለሁ ብሎ የሚያምን አስተሳሰብ ገኖ ሲገኝ መፍትሄው ሳይሆን ችግሩንም መረዳት ያስቸግራል
    በበኩሌ በጣም በጣት የሚቆጠሩ ካልሆኑ በስተቀር አብዛኛው የማንኛውም ወገን ይሁኑ ለወገናቸው ከራሳቸ ገቢ ሕይወት ጊዜ መስዋዕት የሚያደርጉ አይደሉም
    ልክ እግር ካሳ የማይጫወት ደጋፊ እንዳለ ሁሉ ለፓለቲካውም ምንም አስተዋጽዖ የሌለው ሲያናፋ ይታያል
    ባለጌ የእግር ካስ ቡድን ደጋፊ የሆኑት ጨዋታ ካለቀ በሁዋላ ሌላውን ደጋፊ ለመግደል ለመጉዳት ጥረት እንደሚያደርጉት ሁሉ በዘር በሃይማኖት የመሳሰሉት ፓለቲካ ድጋፍ ስም የሚሳዳቡትን ቦታ ከሰጠን እናብዳለን
    አትስሙዋቸው ግን ተገቢውን ህጋዊ ህክምና እንዲያገኙ ማድረግ ግን ዜግነት ግዴታ ነው

  4. aha!
    | #4

    I would not go back and narrate the paradigm surrouonding ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism as being anathema to individual freedom, liberty and equality to supercede ethnic and secessionist rights, which are built into the constitution. The ethnic rights connotes dividing Ethiopian land mass into nine of 80 ethnic groups, three of the nine groups are conglomerates of many ethnic groups/nationalities, instead of them being accommodating in the original provincial boundries. With TPLF spearheading the ex-liberation fronts figght against the oppression of nations and nationalities by the previous regimes, in which the tagets were the Amhara ethnic group and the Orthodox Church, the center for litrary and religious culture to serve as a tool for the TPLF ethnic group or TPLF/eprdf regime, where eprdf serves as cover for the TPLF Politbeurro.

    In that context, the teletafi (ethnic federalist) are only to blame for endorsing ethnic federalism and the secessionist fronts, which were part and parcel of the TPLF/eprdf regime are only to blame for thier secessionist attitude with ethnic agenda to use article 39 (1) and ethnic federalism as a pretext to secede, instead of fighting the TPLF/eprdf regime with the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, which are mutually exclusive, wheas if the individual rights are respected, the group rights follow suite, but not vise versa. It is the collective action of free individuals that brings about a government free of ethnic and secessionist politics. It is the collective action of individuals free of ethnic and secessionist politics the drfts a constitution with with individual rights, not group rights as the center piece of the constitution that brings about a government with independent branches of govenment dominated by either ethnic minority or ethnic majority rule as the case is with TPLF/eprdf and/or with OPDM/EFDF/fdre as the current alignment of parties along ethnic lines and the indoctrination of the masses along those lines to fuel ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies for the last 21 years, with individuals looking into into their ethnicity before Ethiopiawinet, based on ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, where the last item is a carry over the Derg regime and TPLF’s inclination of Marxisism and Lenilism, built into the constitution. Should those ideologies and policies built into the constitution be ratified before or after the revolution of non-voilent uprising to freedom of the individuals, then and only then a democratic government will prevail in Ethiopia with individuals living harmoneously to gether as they do now and as they have been sharing and copeting for resources of Ethiopia as a whole, but not as separate but equal, which are not, ethnic entities, four of which are not single ethnic groups.

  5. aha!
    | #5

    By the way, these ideologies of ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies does represent the majority of the Tigrean and/or the silent majority of Ethiopians, who are denied free market capitalism, private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia, except for TPLF, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterpizes and foreign corporations, creating an upper class in the Ethiopian Society with power to exploit and have a political and economic strangle hold of the countries resources in a appartheid system of governanance, for the most part, of separate but equal in name only, of the ethnic regions under ethnic federalism, demarcating Ethiopian land mass into a fuzzy ethnic boundries of nine ethnic groups rather than retaining the original provincial boundries, which serves as a prelude to ethnic secessionism and future boundry conflicts. Not to consider these type of appartheid system as being similar to colonial style or an ex-appartheid regime at least in part is ridiculous.

    The struggle is to restore Ethiopian Nationalism/unity, territorial integrity, sovereignity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, reflected in the silent majority of Ethiopians, not in the negotiations for multi-ethnic student government under the guize of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism, where the set up of the constitution is root cause to academic freedom in the higher learning institutions.

  6. ሙሉቀን
    | #6

    ሰላም ወንድም ፈቃደ ሸዋቀና መልካም ለርሰዎ ይሁን:
    መቸም politic,s has no formula ፖለቲካ ወሬ ነው ፖለቲካ ዜና ነው: ነገር ግን ወሬው ማስረጃና መነሻ ሲኖረው ዜና ይሆናል::መነሻና ማስረጃ ያለው ነገር ሁሉ እውነት ነወይ? የኛ ጉዳይና ውይይት እንግዲህ እውነትን ፍለጋ ነው::እውነት ደግሞ ለያንዳንዱ ለራሱ ነች::እውነትን እኩል የተረዱ ግለሰቦች ያለምንም ችግር ስምምነት ላይ ይደርሳሉ::እውነት አንጻራዊ ሆና ሁሉንም መጥቀም የማትችል ከሆነ ግን ጋቢ መጋፈፍ ይቀጥላል::ጋቢን መጋፈፍ ደግሞ ራስ እኔ ለብስ እግር እኔ ለብስ እያሉ ሲጋፈፉት የሚያድሩት አጭር ጋቢን ወይም ብርድ ልብስ ማለት ነው::
    1 ንጉስ ሚኒሊክ አገር ለማስፋፋት ሲሉ አይደለም የደቡብን ህዝብ አሮሞውንም ወላይታውንም ሲዳሞውንም አማራውንም ጭምር የጨፈጨፉት;አመጸኞችን ለማስገበር ሲል ነው::በወቅቱ አምጾ ግብር ያልገበረ እንደተገነጠለ ስለሚቆጠር ወደደም ጠላ ወንድና ሴቱ መለየት ነበረበት በታሪክ አጋጣሚ ቀናቸው::ቢሸነፉ ኑሮስ? ይህ ማለት ደግሞ የአሮሞ ህዝብ አገዛዝ የሆነ ክልል ይፈጠር ነበረውይ? አይመስለኝ ምክንያቱም አሁን እንኳን ተከልሎ በምናየው የአሮሚያ ክልል በብዛት ይኖሩ የነበሩት ሚያዎችና አማሮች አሮሞዎችም ጭምር መሆኑን ከሚኒሊክ በፊት በነብሩት ነገስታት ታሪክና የህዝብ ስብጥር የሚታይ ክስተትሆኖ እናገኘዋለን::
    2 ሕዝብን በመጨፍጨፍ በኩል ሁሉም ማለት ይቻላል መሪዎቻችን;ተወድሮስም ወሎንና ሸዋን;ዮሀንስም ጎንደርን ወሎንም ጭምር ለሥልጣናቸው ሲሉ ያልፈነቀሉት ሃይልና ድንጋይ አልነበረም::ጥያቄው እስከመቸ ነው በጭፍጫፊ መሪዎች የምንገዛው? ያ ሌላ ዘመን ነው አሁን ሌላ ዘመን ነው?:ሥልጣኔ ማለት ደግሞ ከወቅቱና ከዘመኑ ጋር የሚሄድ ፖለቲካን ማራመድ ስንችል ነው::ይሄ ደግሞ ለግል ጥቅምና ለሸፍጠኞች አይመችም;ማታለል;ማወናበድ ማሸበር የሚወዱና በግርግር መክበር ዝናን ማትረፍና የሌለንና ያልንነበረን ታሪክ በመሥራት ለመታወቅና ;ካልተሳካም የመጣው ውድቀት ቢመጣ ምንም የማይመስላቸው ብዙዎች ናቸው::
    ሌላውና ዋናው ቁምነገር ደግሞ ሁሉም ህዝቦች ሥለ ኢትዮፕያ አንድነትና ታሪክ አንድ ዓይነት ግንዛቤና እኩል የሆነ አመለካከት ብሎም ተቆርቋሪነታቸውም መለያየቱ ነው::በኔ ግምት አሁን ያለችው ኢትዮፕያ በአማሮች የትቀረጸችና በነሱ ቆራጥ አመራርና አስተባባሪነት ተጠብቃና ተክብራ የኖረች ክብርትና ውድ ታላቅና የነባር ታሪክ ባለቤት ለመሆን በቅታለች::ለምሳሌ አሁን ያለው ህገ መንግስት እድሜ አግኝቶ ከተወሰነ ትውልድ በኋላ ሲወሳ በቅድሚያ የሚነሳው የወያኔ ሚናና ተጋድሎ እንደሚሆን መዘንጋት የለበትም;ምንም እንኳን በተወሰነም ደረጃ ቢሆን ሁሉም ህዝቦች የታገሉለት መሆኑ ባይዘነጋም::በነዚህ ሁኔታዎች ላይ ከሞላ ጎደል እየተስማሙ ከሆነ አቶ ፈቃደ ወደቀጣዎቹ ደግሞ ቀስበቀስ እንውረድ::ይቀጥላል

  7. Rev. Tegga Lendado
    | #7

    Thank you Sir, for your analysis and warning. This is one of the core problems of Ethiopia as is true with many African countries. In Ethiopia, back in 1980s, there were about 20 liberation fronts apparently organized or at least supported by EPLF/TPlF, vying political power. It was a time when communism was at its “best” under the Derg. I thought the issue of ethnic rivalry had ended for good. On the contrary, it became the single most politicking point and lead us to where we are today.

    I believe we are now experimenting ethnic federalism as a coping political philosophy. Our unity is being tested with the acid of bureaucratic and popularized corruption. We stated our enemy is not us anymore but abject poverty. We then diverted our attention to this enemy by introducing ethno-economic developmental democracy which opened Pandora box for corrupt competition. Now, we are approaching the “gold rush”. We hope to see ethnic disparity and discord would end when we all get the gold, i.e. when we have defeated our enemy. So, we are working and waiting for that end, of course, still hoping ethnic rivalry would end with such prosperity. The vicious circle may continue unabated.

    I think the fundamental issue of human dignity and freedom should be based on the principle of the preeminence of humanity over ethnicity. We are all human before we are classified into citizenry, regional, ethnic or clan. We will have to learn to respect, if not understand and accept each other despite our difference be it racial, national, ethnic, etc. I agree with you that denying the reality will kill us by the day. Thus, we should work for justice and true reconciliation that would bring us to unity. Ethnicity is not a problem. It is a natural issue like unpleasant weather. We have to cope with it systematically and equitably.

  8. Birhanu Kebede
    | #8

    I don’t think the ethnic federalism will bring all Ethiopians together. We have seen it for the last 2 decades. Let alone in Ethiopia even in abroad when two people introduce each other their first question is “you speak Tigrigna, Oromigna…..? are you from Amhara region, Oromia region , Tigray?,…such questions are resulted from the ethnic based divide and rule policy of TPLF(EPRDF). TPLF has been ruling the country for years. As far as I understand what TPLF has achieved is that by dividing the people based on their ethnicity and, by weakening and losing the people’s confidence they still remain in power. No doubt that TPLF had been fighting the DERGUE for about 17 years in caves, bushes and jungle and overthrew it and took power. Starting from the day on which they took power they have been collecting too much money by corruption until now. The late prime minister passed away we have heard by news how much money he and his party members have deposited in different banks in abroad. Why at least after 2 decades they try to solve the conflict between people from different ethnics, stop interfering in religion, allow people to support political parties they want, allow peaceful demonstration. The death of the late premier Meles Zenawi should have been a good lesson for the rest of TPLF members.
    Above all, I would really dare to say that instead of fighting and struggling for peace, justice and democracy for Ethiopia, TPLF had been fighting DERGUE for the sake of taking power and corrupting to deposit too much money and to live a luxury life.

  9. Dereje
    | #9

    i have wondered for a while now why You and others like your self who are impressively educated,eloquent Ethiopians. write such important,intelligent, timely articles in English alone? Why? Why?
    What about our national language?the most important targeted audience should not be the few of us who are not impacting much of any thing that is happening in our country right now!
    Thanks any way

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