Behind the Ethnic Cleansing in Benishangul-Gumuz By Fekade Shewakena

April 17th, 2013 Print Print Email Email

The despicable and barbaric action of targeting, evicting and deporting ethnic Amaharas from the Benishangul-Gumuz ethnic state in western Ethiopia is a horrific crime and a crime against humanity by any measure and the outrage of Ethiopians across the world is justified. The stories we hear from the victims themselves and the witnesses who saw it are heart wrenching. Thanks to social media and communication technology, we are hearing from the victims themselves and seeing some of their tragic pictures in real time irrespective of where we live. Thanks to the folks at ESAT TV and Radio for the relentless coverage. I have even heard many supporters of the Ethiopian regime, at least those who live outside of Ethiopia, condemn this barbarism. They should be applauded for that. What kind of sane person cannot be outraged when watching this replay of a Nazi pogrom that targets an ethnic group who were literally frog-marched and, in the words of the victims themselves, told to go to “their country” and “wherever their ancestors were born”? What do you feel when you are told this nonsense in your own country, the country your fathers and forefathers defended and died for? The victimized ethnic Amharas were beaten, violently dragged off their homes and forced to pay for the trucks that packed them inhumanely, transported them out of the Benishangul Gumuz state, and dump them at the edge of another ethnic homeland without anything to help them stay even for a day. The government has not even denied or confirmed reports that one truck loaded with more than sixty people had overturned at night and fifty nine deportees were killed. We heard that women were giving birth in the wilderness and children died of suffocation. What kind of decent human being would watch this unconscionable action of a government do this to its own people, particularly to the most vulnerable and not get outraged?

While we are at it, it is good to know that this is a part of Ethiopia where even Sudanese nationals related to tribes inside Ethiopia freely move in and out as they wish and depending on the season of their comfort. Note also that the Amharas are not a minority in this ethnic region. Based on the 2007 census, Amharas with 21.8% are the second largest ethnic group among six other ethnic groups inhabiting the area. The largest ethnic group, the Berta, is only slightly larger than the Amhara at 25.4%. Important to note is also that the Amhara are allowed only to elect officials to all levels of government but cannot be elected themselves – democracy Ethiopian style. And lo and behold, this is the area where we are building the huge Nile Dam that we are being asked to contribute money for and that Sudan and Egypt hate like the plague.

Only the Ethiopian government media thinks it is hiding this horrific story. Embassies of Ethiopia’s donor countries in Addis Ababa, who tirelessly tell us how they care for civilization and human rights, have also chosen to look the other way. This barbarism is theirs too as they are underwriting it in so many ways. That may partly explain their silence. The only silver lining I found in this whole sad story is that the local, indigenous tribes and ethnic groups have not joined the officials in this crime. Many, we even heard, were sympathetic to the victims. We all need to be proud of them. They have not lost their senses even as their chiefs lost theirs.

But here is the major point. Many Ethiopians seem to miss the root cause of this crime and get outraged at the chaffs. The root cause of this ethnic cleansing and the factor that created it is embedded in the vision set out for Ethiopia by its rulers, the TPLF/EPRDF, as soon as they took power. The officials of the Benishangul-Gumuz state and those in Guraferda, Bench Maji Zone, in the Southern Ethiopia Regional State, were executing a Grand Vision imbedded in the creation of the ethnic homeland – the Killil. That is why some officials seem to be surprised by our surprise and were giving incoherent responses to some media interviews. In a way, you can argue that the local officials who are doing this crime are also victims of the Grand Vision which they were told was a good official policy.

The Benishangul officials somehow failed to learn from their comrades in the Southern Regional State in Guraferda Bench Maji who as we speak are doing the same thing. Had they done it a few victims at a time, the outcry would have been easily muted. In the Guraferda case, they seem to get smarter after doing a massive eviction when they started out last year. Now they are doing it on “a smaller group of victims at a time” basis. They seem to have learnt that the larger their victims the louder the visibility and outrage. Other than that, the local officials are doing their job prescribed in the Grand Vision.

When Meles Zenawi said, “what is Axum to the Wolayita and the Castles of Gondar to the Oromo”, he may have spilled the beans quite early in his tenure, but he was not saying it out of ignorance or saying anything outside of what he believed. The suggestion was to create a psychology among people that anybody born outside of your ethnic homeland does not belong with you – that Ethiopia’s numerous ethnic groups are mechanically joined units that share very little among one another. The Grand Vision stipulates that the best way to divide and rule Ethiopia, and fight age-old and powerful Ethiopian nationalism that stood on their way, was to reduce it to divided units and inward-looking ethnic nationalism. Of course, this was not an innovation by Meles or TPLF. It was first invented by the Italians who twice invaded Ethiopia and, to their unforgettable surprise, found out that Ethiopian nationalism is more powerful to tear down, and that it is hard to divide Ethiopians along their ethnicity and conquer their country. A version of the current ethnic map is first made by Italian strategists and visionaries, if you can call them that.

Please don’t get me wrong. I am all for the rights of ethnic groups to promote their cultures, languages, etc., and believe that any attempt at democratizing Ethiopia should do its best to do away with ethnic inequality in the country. I also know it is a challenge for any government trying to address it. I have monkeyed with Marxism- Leninism when I was a collage kid. When I began to see and understanding my country fully, I found out that any solution for Ethiopia’s ills can only be based by studying and understanding Ethiopia and its complexities and devising indigenous solutions and not by importing European ideas. I believe we can find our own solutions.

Anybody who thinks that the motive behind the manufacturing of the “killil state” by the TPLF/EPRDF was to empower ethnic groups and help them promote their language, culture etc, and do away with ethnic inequality, was apparently taken for a ride or has not paid attention to the philosophy embedded in the formation of ethnic homelands – the killil. The fact is you don’t necessarily need the ethnic killil to make ethnic groups or so called “nations” and “nationalities” and “peoples” equal. In fact, for ethnic groups to be equal citizens in the country, you don’t necessarily have put them inside a geographic enclave. I am a student of geography. I can make you digital maps of ideal federal states that can be optimally used to help avoid inequality between ethnic groups, fight poverty, and strengthen the Ethiopian union, all at the same time, by crunching hundreds of variables on a computer. It is even possible to avoid the current ridiculous hierarchical classification of ethnic groups into “nations”, “nationalities” and “peoples” which inherently perpetuates inequality.

The current practice only exposes the regime that it does not have even a slight commitment to the rights of ethnic groups. I know many have come to this conclusion by looking at what the regime is doing to the Agnuak in Gambella. According to current practice in Ethiopia, you will lose your citizenship rights, if you are a citizen at all, as soon as you move from your designated ethnic homeland and move to another. Think about it. In the country where I currently live, the son of a Kenyan immigrant is the President of the country. When I think of it, it painfully reminds me of how far in the past my beautiful Ethiopia still lives in. My children and grand children can become presidents or senators in the country that gave me refuge. My relatives who live outside of their ethnic homeland in their own country are not allowed to run and hold even a “kebele” office. It is simply unconscionable that this is happening in the twenty first century. Has anybody wondered why individuals of mixed ethnicity, which probably number more than thirty million, are forced to choose between their father’s and mother’s ethnicity when they are issued ID cards? Isn’t this a crime against an entire people?
So please don’t tell me that the ethnic homeland states of Ethiopia are set up with the good intention of helping ethnic groups achieve equality. Ato Meles Zenawi and those who shared his Marxist- Leninist views very well know that there cannot be a sustainable oppression of one group of people by another without an economic basis. The only economic basis with which the ruling classes in Ethiopia in the past, be it Amahara or a multiethnic class, was able to oppress another group for a long period of time was because of unequal land ownership. But the dergue, Mengistu Hailemariam’s government, has done away with that seventeen years before the TPLF took over. The dergue also targeted Amharas and killed many.In the absence of an economic basis to point to as the basis of oppression, TPLF leaders have to manufacture some tool.The only tool they found in their tool box was linguistic differences and the hatred of the “other”.People were encouraged to hate one another and feel their differences with others more than what they share in common.That was why they dismissed Ethiopia’s long recorded history, the very thing that joins us in pride as Ethiopians as “Teret” (folk tale). I see many countries use even mythologies to help them promote their union. In Ethiopia we are asked to despise even the facts on our record.

It appears that this hate is bearing bigger fruits with time and that is exactly what we are seeing in Benishangul Gumuz and Guraferda now. What we are reaping is what has been sawn, and I am afraid this is not going to be the end of it and may not stop at the Amhara. We are hearing that some of the Benishangul deportees are now allowed to return. Most probably this is due to the need to mute the worldwide outcry and appease some donors but not out of the realization of the wrong they did. The damage is already done. I have no idea how this traumatized people would live a normal and secure life even if they are returned. Some who are very traumatized are even saying they will better die on a street anywhere than return back.

If Ato Meles Zenawi was alive today, I am sure he would pull all his word-craft to justify the crime in Benishangul-Gumuz. He already did justify the deportation from Guraferda in front of the “parliament” last year by saying that the Amhara “settlers” were destroying forests and doing unplanned use of land. He didn’t even care his justification run in violation of the constitution. You see, in civilized communities across the world, the constitution is meant to protect the people from government excesses and the power government holds over people. In Ethiopia it is only quoted when there is a need to protect the government from the people and often to intimidate and throw critics and opponents into the kaliti dungeon.

The whole idea and talk about oppression of nations and nationalities, as they call them, was propagated only to patronize the ethnic elites and facilitate their cooperation in the Bantustanization of Ethiopia and reduce the country to units manageable to rule. That was how you could manufacture surrogate ethnic parties. This was the reason the multiethnic Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement (EPDM) was forced to become an ethnic Amhara party overnight, though it is obvious that none of it looks like a party created to help Amharas.

Folks, whether you like it or not, this is the vision that will definitely challenge Ethiopia’s survival as a nation in the future. And this is the vision that all of Ethiopia’s officialdom and party cadres are swearing to preserve. Be afraid not only for the Amhara, this poison embedded in the philosophy of our government’s ethnic policy can destroy Ethiopia if left unreformed. This fire will catch more forests. You ain’t seen nothin’ yet, as my American friends would say.
Yes, we are witnessing a painful tragedy in progress and I understand why many of you are crying. I myself did shade some tears when listening to the voices of the unfortunate.But don’t let your tears cloud you from seeing the real reason. There is a need for a huge change in Ethiopia.

Fekadeshewakena@yahoo.com

  1. Anonymous
    | #1

    Can you name the change you are talking about?

  2. David
    | #2

    This article is too long. Please make it shorter.

  3. ግሩም
    | #3

    Behind the Ethnic Cleansing in Benishangul-Gumuz
    What is really behind?

    መለስ/ወያኔ እና ኢሳያስ/ሻእብያ ፈፅሞ የለየለት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ እና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት የጥፋት ተልእኮ ያነገቡ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት በቅጥረኝነት የሚያስፈፅሙ ዘረኛና ዘራፊ ባንዳዎች ናቸው፡፡

    እውነትና ንጋት እያደር እንዲባል ይህ ከላይ ያለ በተደጋጋሚ የምንናገረው ሃይለ-ሃሳብ ደግሞ አሁን በተግባር እየታየ ነው፡፡በእርግጥ ዘመኑ ከአካላዊ ፍልሚያም በላይ በዘለለ እጅግ ውስብስብ እና ፈታኝ በሆነ ሁኔታ በሀሰትና እና በእውነት መካከል ያለ ከፍተኛ ትግል ጭምር ነው፡፡ወያኔን ጭምር እንታገላለን የሚሉት ነገር ግን ግማሽ እውነት ግማሽ ሀሰት ያነገቡትና በሁለት ቢላዋ ለመብላት የሚፈልጉት አድርባዮች “What is really behind?” የሚለው ወሳኝ ጥያቄ ተገቢ ምላሽ እንዲያገኝ አይፈልጉም፡፡ለእነዚህ አይነት ሃይሎች “What is really behind?” ለሚለው ጥያቄ የሚሰጡት ምላሽ የኢትዮጵያ ችግር የምእራቡ አለም አይነት የምርጫ የዲሞክራሲ እጦት ነው እያሉ የድንቁርና ፌዝ ማፌዝ ልማዳቸው ነው፡፡አዎ በእርግጥ ይህ አይነት ምሁራዊ ድንቁርና ዳቦ የተራቡት ድሆች ሰልፍ ሲወጡ ለምን ኬክ አይበሉም እንዳለችው ቀምጣላ የንጉሳዊ ቤተሰብ ኮረዳ ጋር የሚመሳሰል ነው፡፡እውን የጉራ ፈርዳ የቤንሻንጉል የጋምቤላ ወዘተ አይነት አይን ያወጣ የገበሬዎች መፈናቀልና በምትኩ በኢንቨስትመንት ሽፋን ዘመናዊ- ቅኝ ግዛት ለሚያስፋፉ ዶላር በሳምሶናይት ይዘው ለመጡ ለባእዳን ሰዎች በገፍ መቸብቸቡ የተለመደው አይነት የምእራቡ አለም አይነት የምርጫ የዲሞክራሲ እጦት ነው ማለት ነው?እሪ በይ ኢትዮጵያ ማለት አሁን ነው እንግዲህ መቀነትሽን አሰረሽ ያስተማርሻቸው ልጆችሽ ለችግርሽና ለበሽታሽ የሚያዙልሽ መፍትሄና መድሃኒት ይህ ነው ማለት ነው?ከወያኔ ባልተናነሰ ኢትዮጵያን መከራ ውስጥ እየከተቷት ያሉት ጥራዝ ነጥቅ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራን/ፖለቲከኞችና አድርባይ ልሂቃኖች ናቸው፡፡በሽታው ሌላ የሚታዘዘው መድሃኒት ሌላ፡፡የመሬት ንጥቂያውን በገንዘብ የሚረዳውና ፈንድ የሚያደርገው የአለም ባንክ ጭምር እንደሆነ እኮ ይታወቃል፡፡ What is really behind?በብዙሃኑ ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ዘንድ ከበስተጀርባ ያለውን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክትና ኢ-ሰብዓዊና ኢ-ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሰይጣናዊ ስርዓት ችላ ብሎ ወያኔን ብቻ የመራገሙ ነገር እንደዚሁም እኔም ይህንኑ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ነገር አጥብቄ መያዜ የሞኝ ለቅሶ መልሶ መላልሶ አይነት እንዳይሆን ነገሩን በጥሞና በሰከነ መንገድ መመርመሩ ይበጃል የሚል እምነት አለኝ፡፡አይደለም አሁን የሚታየው አይነት የገበሬ መፈናቀል ብቻ አይደለም የአንደኛው እና የሁለተኛው የዓለም ጦርነት ዋና መዘዝ የዚሁ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ውጤት እንደሆነ ላልተረዳ ሰው ይህ አባባል ዝም ብሎ ቀልድ ሊመስለው ይችላል፡፡የ3ኛውም የአልም ጦርነት ዋና መዘዝም ይኸው ነው የሚሆነው፡፡ምክንያቱም ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም በተፈጥሮው ተስፋፊና ጦረኛ ነው፡፡አዎ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም በአካዳሚው ቲዎሪ እንደሚወራው በነፃ-ገበያ(ሊበራል-ኢኮኖሚ) እና ሊበራል-ዲሞክራሲ ተረት-ተረት ብቻ የሚመራ ሳይሆን እጅግ ሲበዛ ተስፋፊና ጦረኛ ነው፡፡ተስፋፊ ነው ሲባል የገንዘብ ካፒታል አለም አቀፋዊ ባህሪን እየተላበሰ ስለመጣ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም Predatory Finance Capitalism እየሆነ ስለመጣ Land-Grab ብቻም ሳይሆን ከዚህም በሰፋና በከፋ ሁኔታ በማጭበርበር Ponzi-Scheme በአቋራጭ Asset Grab ጭምር እያካሄደ ነው ያለው፡፡ Austerity-Measure እና Bank-Bailout የዚህ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል ባህሪ መገለጫ ነው፡፡ወደ ታዳጊው አለም ስንምጣ ደግሞ ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ይህንኑ ኒዎ-ሊበራል ባህሪውን እንደ ወያኔ አይነት ቅጥረኛ አገዛዞችን በመጠቀም ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክቱን ተግባራዊ እያደረገ ነው፡፡ለዚህም ነው የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲን እና በዚህም እንደ ፈጣን ሎተሪ በቶሎ የሚገኘውን ስልጣን ብቻ በማየት ወያኔን አምባገነን በሚል የተለመደ ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ አባባል ብቻ መግለፅ ተገቢ ያልሆነ ብቻም ሳይሆን አሳሳችና አደገኛም ጭምር የሚሆነው፡፡ውጤቱ ደግሞ እነሆ ዛሬ በጋምቤላ በጉራፈርዳ በቤንሻንጉል ወዘተ ወደፊትም የሚቀጥል የዘመናዊ የውክልና ቅኝ-ግዛት ውጤት እያስከተለ ያለው፡፡ከወያኔ ጋር ላለፉት 22 ዓመታት ወያኔ በለቀቀው የማታለያ የዲሞክራሲ ነጠላ ዜማ ፌሽታና ዳንስ ስናደርግ የነበርንም ሆነ ለማድረግ የምንፈልግ ሁሉ ላለፉት 22 ዓመታትና በቀጣይም እየተፈጠረ ላለው አጠቃላይ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵዊነት አሳዛኝና አሳፋሪ አደጋና ጥፋት በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ በታሪክ ፊት ተጠያቂ ነን፡፡ምን ታመጣላችሁ ዛሬ እወቁኝ ብሎ ወያኔ የለበሰውን የበግ ለምድ አውልቆ እውነተኛውን የተደበቀ ተኩላነቱን እና የባእዳን የቅጥረኛነት ተልእኮውን ይፋ እያወጣው ነው፡፡አሁን በዘመነ ወያኔ ያለውን ያፈጠጠ ያገጠጠ የኢትዮጵያን አደገኛና ታሪካዊ ችግር ዝም ብሎ ባለው አይነት የተለመደው የዲሞክራሲና የሰብዓዊ መብት ችግር እንደሆነ አድርጎ አቃሎ ማቅረብ ጥንት ጣሊያን ሲወረን ለምን ዲሞክራሲያዊና ሰብዓዊ መብታችንን አልጠበቀለንም ብሎ የሞኝ ለቅሶ የማላዘን ያክል ነው፡፡የዲሞክራሲና የሰብዓዊ መብት እረገጣማ በእለት ተእለት ህይወታችን ውስጥ በቤተሰባችንና በጎረቤት ጭምር የሚታይ ክስተት ስለሆነ ይህ ብዙ የሚገርም አይደለምና ነገር ግን የኢትዮጵያን ውስብስብ ታሪካዊና ወቅታዊ ችግር ከዚህ የዲሞክራሲና የሰብዓዊ መብት ጋር ብቻ በጥራዝ-ነጠቅነት እያያዙ መፍትሄ ለመስጠት መሞከር በካንሰር ወይንም በኤች አይ ቬ የተያዘን ሰው እራስ ምታት ሲያመው ፓንዶል እያዘዙ ነገር ግን ዋናውን የተደበቀ በሽታ እነደአለማወቅና መፍትሄ አለመስጠት አይነት ነው የሚሆነው፡፡ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘም ብዙዎቹ ኢትዮጵያውያን ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን ልሂቃን ምሁራዊ ድንቁርና አድርባይነትና ክህደት ውስጥ እየገቡ ነው ብል ድፍረት አይሆንብኝም፡፡ላለፉት 22 ዓመታት ለዲሞክራሲ ታገልን ተባለ ነገር ግን ወያኔ ዘር እየመረጠ ገበሬዎችን አስከፊና አስነዋሪ በሆነ ሁኔታ እያፈናቀለ ነው፡፡ህውሃት(ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሃርነት ትግራይ) ከስሙም ሆነ ከምግባሩ የተወሰነ እንደመንረዳው የተነሳለትና የተሰለፈበት አላማ(እሱም እንደሚለው) ለዲሞክራሲ ሳይሆን ለነፃነት ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያውያን ቅድሚያ መታገል ያለብን ለምእራቡ አለም አይነት የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ሳይሆን ቅድሚያ ኢትዮጵያን እና ኢትዮጵያዊነት ለማዳን ጭምር ላተኮረ ለእውነተኛ ነፃነት ነው፡፡ዳቦ በቅጡ ያልጠገበ ርሃብተኛ ቅድሚያ መብላት ያለበት ዳቦ እንጂ ኬክ አይደለም፡፡ከጉራፈርዳና ከቤንሻንጉል የተፈናቀሉት አማርኛ ተናጋሪ ኢትዮጵያውያን የዘመናችን ምሁራን በምሁራዊ የድንቁርና ዘይቤ(Intellectual Ignorance) እያራገቡት ያለው ዲሞክራሲ የሚባለው ነገር እነዚህ ምስኪን ዜጎች አሁን ካሉበት ነባራዊ ሁኔታ ጋር ፈፅሞ ሊጣጣምላቸው አይችልም፡፡ዛሬ እነዚህ ምስኪን ኢትዮጵያውያን ዲሞክራሲ ሳይሆን ያጡት ከዚህም በላይ ሀገርና የዜግነት ክብር ነው፡፡ወያኔ ላለፉት 22 ዓመታት ባደረገው አሳሳኝና አሳፋሪ አስነዋሪ ነገር ሁሉ ከራሱ ከወያኔ በላይ ማፈር ያለብን እኛ የተቀረነው ኢትዮጵያውያን ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ነን፡፡ወያኔማ ባእዳን ሃይሎች የላኩትን ፈፅሞ የለየለት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ እና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት የጥፋት ተልእኮና የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት በቅጥረኝነት እያስፈፀመ ያለ ዘረኛና ዘራፊ ሃይል ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ወያኔን አሁን መራገም ሰይጣንን ክፉ ነው ወይንም ክፉ ነህ የማለት ያህል ነው፡፡We have to be honest, audacious, wise and responsible about it. So from now onwards it is about us and not as such about TPLF. Let TPLF becomes responsible for it and accordingly let us(the rest of TPLF) become responsible in such a way that TPLF shall not commit such crimes again and also compel TPLF and its backers to be responsible or accountable for the crimes it has been committing for the last 40 years.ስለዚህም ወያኔ ብቻም ሳይሆን በእኔ ካልመጣ ብለን አይኔ አላየም ጆሮዬ አልሰማም ብለን ከዳር የቆምንና እንደዚሁም በአድርባይነት ተባባሪ የሆነው ከወያኔ ውጪ ያለነውም ጭምር ብንሆን ላለፉት 40 ዓመታት በተለይም ላለፉት 22 ዓመታትና በቀጣይም ወያኔ ለሚፈፅመው ጥፋትና ወንጀል እኛም ብንሆን በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ ተጠያቂ ነን፡፡
    አሁን አሁን ሳስበው ምንም አይነት ተጨባጭ እርምጃ ሳንወስድ እንዲያው ዝም ብለን ወያኔን በመራገም ላይ ብቻ ጊዜያችን የማጥፋታችን አንዱ ዋና መንስኤው እራሳችንን ከተጠያቂነት የማራቅ ስልታዊ ማፈግፈግ ጭምር ነው፡፡At the deepest psychological level of human dynamism this is somehow manifestation of human dishonesty and irresponsibility.ወያኔ ዲሞክራሲና ሰብዓዊ መብት አያከብርም እያሉ ወያኔን በዚህ የተለመደ ነጠላ ዜማ ዝም ብሎ ማውገዝና መራገም ለምን ወራሪው ጣሊያን ዲሞክራሲና ሰብዓዊ መብት አያከብርም የማለት ያክል ነው፡፡የጥንት አባቶቻችንና እናቶቻችን ወራሪውን ጣሊያን በቆራጥነት መስዋእትነት ክፍለው የራሳቸውን የሀገራቸውንና የመጪውን ትውልድ ሉአላዊነት የሀገር ድንበርና ነፃነት ለማስከበር ችለው ነበር፡፡ከዚህ ውጪ ጣሊያን ዲሞክራሲ ያስፍን ወይንም ሰብዓዊ መብት ያክብር እያሉ የሞኝ ለቅሶ አላለቀሱም፡፡ነገር ግን በተቃዋሚው ጎራ ያለነው ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ግን ለነፃነት በቆራጥነት ከመታገል ይልቅ ወያኔ ዲሞክራሲ ያስፍን ወይንም ሰብዓዊ መብት ያክብር እያልን የምናላዝነው ሆድ ሲያውቅ ዶሮ ማታ አይነት ወያኔ ዲሞክራሲ እንደማያሰፍን ሰብዓዊ መብትም እንደማያከብር ሆዳችን ያውቃል ነገር ግን ከወያኔ እና ወያኔ በቅጥረኝነት እያራመደው ካለው የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ለመላቀቅ ለነፃነት የሚደረገው ትግል መስዋእትነት የሚያስከፍል ስለሆነ በተቃራኒው ወያኔ ዲሞክራሲ ያስፍን ወይንም ሰብዓዊ መብት ያክብር እያልን እራሳችንንም ሆነ ህዝብን ለመዋሸት እንፈልጋለን፡፡At the deepest psychological level of human dynamism this is somehow manifestation of human dishonesty and irresponsibility.ለዚህም ነው ዛሬ ብዙ ኢትዮጵያውያን መሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ተቃዋሚነትን በዋናነት ከውስጥ የፈለቀ የነፍስ ጥያቄ ሳይሆን ከሆድ ከወጣ የእንጀራ ጉዳይ ጭምር ጋር እያያዙት ያሉት፡፡አዎ እውነትን መናገር በራሱ በብዙ መንገድ መስዋእትነት ያስከፍላል፡፡ሀሰትን አንግበን ወይንም ግማሽ እውነት ግማሽ ሀሰት እየቀላቀልን ነፃነትን ለማግኘት አንችልም፡፡እውነትን ያልተከተለ ትግል ደግሞ መጨረሻው አያምርም፡፡ What is really behind? Behind the Ethnic Cleansing in Benishangul-Gumuz?
    ሁለትን ዋና ምክንያቶች አሉ፡፡እነሱም

    1ኛ)መለስ/ወያኔ እና ኢሳያስ/ሻእብያ ፈፅሞ የለየለት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ እና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት የጥፋት ተልእኮ ያነገቡ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት በቅጥረኝነት የሚያስፈፅሙ ዘረኛና ዘራፊ ባንዳዎች ናቸው፡፡

    2ኛ)የተቀረነው ኢትዮጵያውያን ግዴለሽነት ፍርሃት አድርባይነት ጥቅመኝነት ድንቁርና በዚህም የተነሳ የዜግነት ግዴታችንና ሃላፊነታችንን በተገቢው መንገድ አለመወጣታችን ዋና ምክንያቶች ናቸው፡፡

    መፍትሄው ደግሞ ነገሮችን በጥልቀትና በስፋት ለማየት የሚችል ንቃተ-ህሊናን ማዳበር እና ማንኛውንም ሞራላዊና ተገቢ አካሄድ ተከትሎ ወያኔን በሃይልም ሆነ በውድ ማስወገድና ለፍርድ ማቅረብ ብቻም ሳይሆን በቀጣይነት ወያኔ አይነት ሰርዓት ዳግም በኢትዮጵያ ምድር እንዳይመጣ መታገል ነው፡፡እረጅም ጉዙ በአንድ እርምጃ የሚጀመር ብቻም ሳይሆን መጨረሻው ግቡም መታወቅ ስላለበት ከወያኔ በኋላ ምን አይነት ስርዓት ነው እንዲመጣ የሚፈለገው?ወያኔ አይነት አስከፊ ቅጥረኛ ዘራፊና ዘረኛ ሃይል እራሱ እንዴት ስልጣን ላይ ሊወጣ ቻለ?ዲሞክራሲ ነፃነት ፍትህ የሰፈነበት በሚል ጥቅል ቃል ብቻ የሚገለፅ ስርዓት ነውን? ተገቢ ምላሽ የሚፈልግ ተገቢ የሆነ ጥያቄ ነው፡፡ነገር ግን ዲሞክራሲ ነፃነት ፍትህ የሰፈነበት ስርዓት ማለት ብቻ በቂ አይደለምና ይህ ለምን እንዴት ነው የሚመጣው የሚል ወሳኝ ዝርዝር ነገር መታወቅ አለበት፡፡ያለበለዚያማ ሰይጣንም ቅዱስ መፅሀፍ ይጠቅሳል እንዲሉ ይህንን አይነት አባባል ወያኔን ጨምሮ ማንም ሃይል ሲያወራው የነበረ አሁንም እየተወራ ያለና ወደፊትም የሚወራ ነው የሚሆነው፡፡በሌላው ብዙሃኑ ጥፋት ለማትረፍ የሚፈልጉ ሃላፊነት የማይሰማቸው ጥቂት እራስ ወዳድ አለም አቀፍና ሀገር በቀል ሀብታም ካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን እስካሉ ድረስ እና ንቃተ-ህሊናው በቅጡ ያልዳበረና እራሱን ከእነዚህ ልሂቃን ብዝበዛና ጥቃት ለመከላከል የማይችል ደካማ ህዝብ እስካለ ድረስ ዲሞክራሲ ነፃነት ፍትህ በዚህች ምድር ላይ ከወሬ በዘለለ ሊተገበሩና ሊሰፍኑ ከቶውንም አይቻልም፡፡ብዙዎቹ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን በራሳቸው አውቀውም ይሁን ሳያውቁት በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ ከራሳቸው ጥቅም ጋር በተያያዘ የእነዚህ አለም አቀፍና ሀገር በቀል ሀብታም ካፒታሊስት ልሂቃን ቅጥረኛ መሳሪያ እስከሆኑ ድረስ እነዚህ ፖለቲከኞችና ምሁራን ዲሞክራሲ ነፃነት ፍትህ ብለው ስላወሩ ብቻ ልናምናቸው አይገባም፡፡ስለዚህም ህዝብ ንቃተ-ህሊናው የዳበረ ሆኖ በእውቀትም ሆነ በኢኮኖሚ የራሱን አቅም አስካልገነባ ድረስ ዲሞክራሲ ነፃነት ፍትህ በዚህች ምድር ላይ ከወሬ በዘለለ ሊተገበሩና ሊሰፍኑ ከቶውንም አይቻልም፡፡ስለዚህም እውነተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት የሌለው ህዝብ እውነተኛ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት አይኖረውም፡፡እንደዚሁም እውነተኛ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት የሌለው ህዝብ እውነተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት አይኖረውም፡፡ስለዚህም እውነተኛ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት እና እውነተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ነፃነት የማይነጣጠሉ የአንድ ሳንጢም ሁለት ገፅታዎች ናቸው፡፡እንደዚሁም ከውስጥ ያለው እምነት ከውጪ በሚታየው ምግባር እንደሚገለፀው ሁሉ ከውስጥ እናምንበታለን እናራምደዋለን የምንለው ፍልስፍና ፖለቲካ አይዲኦሎጂ ከውጪ በሚታየው ኢኮኖሚው ጭምር የሚገለፅ ነው የሚሆነው፡፡ስለዚህም ዛሬ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እንደሚወራው ባለው ያለውን ዘመነኛውን ዲሞክራሲን ብቻ ሳይሆን ያጣው ሀገር የዜግነት ክብርና ከዚህ በከፋ ዳቦ ጭምር ነው ያጣው፡፡የዚህ ዋና መንስኤ ደግሞ መለስ/ወያኔ እና ኢሳያስ/ሻእብያ ፈፅሞ የለየለት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ እና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት የጥፋት ተልእኮ ያነገቡ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት በቅጥረኝነት የሚያስፈፅሙ ዘረኛና ዘራፊ ባንዳዎች ስለሆኑ ነው፡፡ነገር ግን ከሁሉም ቅድሚያ መፍትሄው በምእራባውያን መንግስታት ዘንድ ወይንም በሌላ በማንም እጅ ሳይሆን በእኛው በራሳችን እጅ ነው፡፡ምናልባት በምእራባውያን መንግስታት በየአደባባዩ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ ስለወጣን እንዲያው ለማፅናኛ ያህል የአዞ እንባ ሊያነቡልን ይችላሉ ነገር ግን በዚህ መታለል የለብንም፡፡ኦባማም ሆነ ሌላ ፖለቲከኛ ቅድሚያ የሚያራምደው የብዙሃኑን ህልውና ጥቅምና ፍላጎት ሳይሆን የጥቂት ሃብታም ልሂቃንን ህልውና ጥቅምና ፍላጎት የሚያራምድ ስርዓት የሆነውን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ነው፡፡ዛሬ አለማችን እያራመደች ያለቸው አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት ለጥቂቶች የምድር ገነት በተቃራኒው ድግሞ ለብዙሃኑ የምድር ገሃነም የሆነውን ይህንን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ነው፡፡ገበሬ ተፈናቀለ አማራ በዘረኝነት ተጠቃ ተፈናቀለ ወዘተ ሁሉ ዋና ምንጩ ይህ ነው፡፡ጥቂቶች በብዙሃኑ ላይ በማንኛውም መንገድ በበላይነት እንዲሰለጥኑ ለማድረግ የግድ ከታች ያለው ብዙሃኑ ህዝብ አርተፊሻል ችግርና ቀውስ እየተፈጠረለት በከፋፍለህ ግዛው ስልት በዘር በሃይማኖት በፆታ ወዘተ እርስ በርሱ መናከስ መባላት መዳከምና መጥፋት አለበት፡፡ባእዳን ሃይሎችም ለወያኔ በኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ስም ላለፉት 22 ዓመታት ያህልና በቀጣይም እያጎረፉለት ያለው ብድርና እርዳታም ቀድሞውንም ለኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ታስቦ ሳይሆን ወያኔ በቅጥኛነት እያስፈፀመ ያለውን ይህንን የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ተብሎ ነው፡፡ከዚህ ብድርና እርዳታ የተቀረው ምስኪን ኢትዮያዊ የተረፈው ነገር ከትውልድ ትውልድ የሚተላለፍ እዳና ከለም መሬቱ መፈናቀል ስደት ርሃብ በሽታ ወዘተ ሲሆን ወያኔ ደግሞ ያተረፈው ኢፈርት የተባለውን ትልቅ የኢኮኖሚ ኢምፓየር በዘረኝነት ለመመስረት ችሏል፡፡የወያኔ ዘረኝነት ቅጥረኛነት ዘራፊነት በራሱ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት ውጤት ነው፡፡For those who blame TPLF for being racist and plundering then they better know that Global capitalism by itself is inherently applies some sort of hierarchical Class-Structure with such a pyramid shape in such a way that such ethnically or religiously or sexually driven social arrangement is inevitable. So Global-Capitalism itself exploits ethnically or religiously or sexually driven divide and rule schemes. This is what the majority Ethiopian intellectuals and politicians failed to figure out. So eventually the fight is not as such ethnic or religious or sexual as is seen among the poor majority mass but down to the earth it boils to class-struggle between the few super rich global capitalist elites and the rest poor majority mass. For example while TPLF is oppressing Muslims in Ethiopia but Billionaire Alamudin, a Muslim, is making business as usual with TPLF irrespective of this blatant situation. Why? So why the majority lower class poor mass fights one another under the disguise of religion or ethnicity or other superficial causes while to the contrary the upper class super rich global capitalists elites make business as usual behind closed doors irrespective of their racial or religious differences? So rather than focusing on minor misleading superficial differences and causes we have to focus on the very root causes behind all those evil things prevailing globally.
    Behind the Ethnic Cleansing in Benishangul-Gumuz
    What is really behind?

    መለስ/ወያኔ እና ኢሳያስ/ሻእብያ ፈፅሞ የለየለት ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ እና ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያዊነት የጥፋት ተልእኮ ያነገቡ የግሎባል ካፒታሊዝምን ኒዎ-ሊበራል እና ኒዎ-ኮሎኒያሊዝም ኢምፔሪያሊስታዊ ፕሮጀክት በቅጥረኝነት የሚያስፈፅሙ ዘረኛና ዘራፊ ባንዳዎች ናቸው፡፡
    አማራውና የሚከተለው ኦርቶዶክስ እምነት ደግሞ ቅድሚያ የወያኔ ኢላማ ሆኖ በቂም በቀል እየተጠቃ ያለው የአማራ ገዥ መደብ ናቸው በሚባሉት በአፄ ምኒሊክ ዋና መሪነት ታቦት አዝምተው በፈጣሪ እርዳታ ጭምር በአድዋ ጦርነት ድል የተነሳው ጣሊያን ብቻ ሳይሆን ለመላው አውሮፓ ሃፍረትን ያከናነበና በተቃራኒው ለኢትዮጵያ ድልን ብቻ ሳይሆን ለመላው ታዳጊው አለም ለፀረ-ቅኝ ግዛት ትግል ፋና ወጊ ስለሆነ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ባእዳን ሃይሎች ኢትዮጵያን ዳግም በተዘዋዋሪ የውክልና ቅኝ ግዛት ውስጥ ለማዋል ለመበቀልና ለማዳከም ከቀጥታ ወረራ ይልቅ ያገሩን ሰርዶ ባገሩ በሬ እንዲሉ እንደ መለስ/ወያኔ እና ኢሳያስ/ሻእብያ አይነት ቅጥረኞችን መጠቀም የበለጠ ተመራጭና አዋጭ ሆኖ ስላገኙት ላለፉት 40 ዓመታት ያህል የሆነው ሁሉ እየሆነ ነው፡፡አማራው ላለፉት 22 ዓመታት ያህል ግንባር ቀደም ኢላማ ሆኖ እየተጠቃ ያለውና ዛሬም ከመሬቱ እየተፈናቀለና እየተሰቃ ያለው ከዚህ በመነጨ ነው፡፡

    እግዚአብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ !!!

  4. aha!
    | #4

    Dear Ato Fekade Shewakenna: Your statement “Anybody (any party) who (which) thinks that the motive behind the manufacturing of the “killil state” by the TPLF/EPRDF (eprdf) was to empower ethnic groups and help them promote their language, culture etc. and do away with ethnic inequality was apparently taken for a ride or has not paid attention to the philosophy embedded in the ethnic homelands-the killil”, speakes volumes to individuals but also to parties aligned with the negative forces of disintegration with ethnic agenda, as mirror images to TPLF/eprdf regime as indirect supporters of ethnic federalism “(ethnic homelands)- the killil”, a prelude to secessionism, future boundary disputes and since the inception as a cause to ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Amhara ethnic group, as the major contender of unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ethiopia in tandem with all other ethnic groups against external forces, now facing up to the TPLF/eprdf regime of ex-liberation fronts spearheaded by TPLF in the context of oppression of nations and nationalities with the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism now implicetely supported by OPDO/Mederk/EFDF/fdre and now new ODF denouncing its OLF movement and joinig the camp of OPDO/Medrek/fdre with ethnic agenda along with subset of the national agenda of UDJP for democracy, and justice instead of meging with those with the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to supecede ethnic and secessionist rights to create a democratic government with the individual as the center as the center piece of constitution as opposed to ethnic groups, perhaps nine out of 80 ethnic groups, by doing away with ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism and resorting to original provincial boundaries with assorted ethnic groups while developing their language and culture etc. as a mosaic of multi-ethnic groups, rather than repeating the blue print laid out by TPLF/eprdf regime by OPDO/Medrek/fdre and now ODF, to the least Ginbot 7′s lead in the formation of Alliance for Democracy and Justice (AFD2).

    Without putting our house in order and uniting under the national agenda, it is hard to do away with the TPLF/eprdf regime directly supported by teletafi-parties, killil administrators, security forces and federal police and military forces as the major force of disintegration of Ethiopia.

  5. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #5

    Fekade Shewakena’s article is the type of article that is both intellectually sound and highly informative. Above all it is a timely defense of the rights of Ethiopian citizens whose human and civic /political rights have been wantonly violated by the Ethiopian Government leaders. I quote Fekade herein to illustrate the great value of basing ones argument on facts and/or statistical information that is supportive of a main thesis and absolutely convincing. “While we are at it, it is good to know that this is a part of Ethiopia where even Sudanese nationals related to tribes inside Ethiopia freely move in and out as they wish and depending on the season of their comfort. Note also that the Amharas are not a minority in this ethnic region. Based on the 2007 census, Amharas with 21.8% are the second largest ethnic group among six other ethnic groups inhabiting the area. The largest ethnic group, the Berta, is only slightly larger than the Amhara at 25.4%. Important to note is also that the Amhara are allowed only to elect officials to all levels of government but cannot be elected themselves – democracy Ethiopian style. And lo and behold, this is the area where we are building the huge Nile Dam that we are being asked to contribute money for and that Sudan and Egypt hate like the plague.”
    Meles had never been a true statesman and never a visionary or a benevolent leader. He was just a rustic narrow-minded narcissistic individual who used everyone around him to get his own personal esoteric objectives–one of which was the dismantling of Ethiopia. Even when I pointed out certain positive activities that he had done it is juxtaposed against his monumental blunders of compromising the territorial integrity of Ethiopia and the creation of disharmony among the people of Ethiopia on ethnic lines. I really appreciate what Fekade has written in this article. There is nothing that could be considered partisan or shallow in this article. All of Fekade’s arguments and examples point in one direction: in the direction of the preservation of Ethiopia and the promotion of the equality of its entire people. Ethnic cleansing by the past and present Government/Leaders of Ethiopia is both an international crime and a crime against all morality and humanity. I want to read more of this kind of writing by Fekade and others—factual and well reasoned. Thank you Fekade Shewakena.
    Tecola W. Hagos

  6. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #6

    I am not surprised by this story showing the ugly face of human behavior. The hate/war drum on a specific ethnic group has been loudly played since the mid 1970′s. Even children used to be given wooden guys in Tigray and urged to shout ‘Tokuus Amharai, Tokuus Amharai’ for a long time. I was told this story by a long time Tigryan friend who was disgusted by such bad upbringing of innocent children. Such foul behavior by the young generation of Benishangul region shows their graduation from such academy of hatred and bigotry conceived and perpetrated by these goons who came out of the joint called Dedebit. They had told my own misguided individuals in Oromia to go out and just kill/drive out so-called Neftegnas. And history has it on records that it had happened in Bedeno and other places. I have told you before how a small town I was born and grew up has changed and lost it rainbow beauty. Now it is a monochrome town virtually cleansed of all other ethnic groups. I don’t call that liberation when a village is made 99.99% unitary by forcefully throwing out others. I am afraid such ugly behavior is going to escalate unless an outside pressure is exerted on these hooligans who now call Arat Kilo home. It is a shame to see our people are being pushed to go asunder. It stings to high heaven!!!!

  7. Here we go again
    | #7

    i must say that evictions of ethnic groups, displacing them been happing for longtime in fact this is how Ethiopia was formed to say the least. These actions are wrong regardless to whom ethnic group they happen to. however there is double standard here When the Oromos where being evicted form their homeland,no Amhara media publicized or stood with the oromos. when en mass Oromo students where being kicked out university in mass again the ahmhere media did it cover nor stood with the Oromos and of couse other southern people who where being abused by all Ethiopian government. today the largest political prisoners are Oromos, do you see the Amhera public making that an issue.NO. this is the moral dilemma of the Amherea ethnic groups Judgment day is coming…. If the Amhere people wish to get support from the rest of Ethiopians be morally up right..

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