Egyptian military ousts Morsi, suspends constitution

July 3rd, 2013 Print Print Email Email

CAIRO — The Egyptian military removed President Mohamed Morsi from power Wednesday and suspended the constitution in moves it said were aimed at resolving the country’s debilitating political crisis.

In a televised address to the nation after a meeting with a group of civilian political and religious leaders, the head of the powerful armed forces, Gen. Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, said the chief of Egypt’s constitutional court “will assume the presidency” on an interim basis until a new presidential election is held. Sissi said the interim president will have the right to declare laws during the transitional period.

The announcement came as huge crowds of pro- and anti-government protesters massed in the streets of Cairo and the army deployed armored vehicles. In the afternoon, a top adviser to embattled Morsi had declared that a military coup was underway and warned that “considerable bloodshed” could ensue.

“Measures announced by the armed forces’ leadership represents a full coup, categorically rejected by all the free men of our nation,” Morsi tweeted from his official Twitter account Wednesday night following Sissi’s statement.

Liberal opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei and the heads of Egypt’s Coptic church and highest Islamic institution, al-Azhar, also spoke Wednesday night, following Sissi.

“This will be the beginning of a new start for the 25th of January, that the Egyptian people have initiated to regain their freedom and dignity,” ElBaradei, who had been selected in recent days by other opposition activists to represent them, said in a short address. He referred to the date in 2011 that the Egyptian revolution against longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak began.

Until its announcement Wednesday night, the Egyptian military had denied that it was staging it a coup. According to the official Middle East News Agency, top commanders were backing Muslim and Christian religious leaders, youth representatives and the head of a liberal opposition alliance in jointly presenting a “roadmap” for a political transition.

Without mentioning Morsi by name in a heavily anticipated eight-minute speech at 9 p.m. Wednesday night, Sissi said the military had responded to the people’s demands in an act of “public service.”

“The armed forces have tried in recent months, both directly and indirectly, to contain the internal situation and to foster national reconciliation between the political powers, including the presidency,” Sissi said. But those efforts had failed, he said. The president, he added, “responded with negativity in the final minutes.”

In a meeting with “religious, political and youth symbols,” the military accepted a “roadmap that will achieve a strong Egyptian society that does not alienate any of its children or strains, and ends this division,” Sissi said.

The announcement sparked cheers and celebration among Morsi opponents packed into Cairo’s Tahrir Square.

But in eastern Cairo, supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood, an entrenched Islamist movement that backs Morsi, erupted in angry chants following Sissi’s speech, and stones started flying. The Brotherhood’s two main political channels immediately vanished from the airwaves.

  1. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #1

    Now he can’t run to some joints in the Afghan mountains. This guy and his verse laden fanatics have driven the economy from bad to worse. Al what they have been doing is feeding people verses after verses. They think the more they give the people of Egypt spoonfuls of verses it will solve all the economic problems the country faces. All you have to do is, according to them, just sit down and chow down their daily handouts of verses. And double with foamy mouthful cries of ‘Amreeka’ and ‘Ezreel’. This is what happens when you hand over governance to religious leaders and fanatics. Name any religion. They don’t have plausible resumes as regimes. That is why the founders of this great country of Good Ole USA put a barrier between governance and religion. Economic progress is practical and dynamic. It cannot be achieved with just parables and symbolic utterances. You have to have your hands dirty full of blisters and broken backs. It won’t happen by holding bullhorns like bottle babies and lambasting in front of temples all day long. Name calling and cursing at ‘Amreeka’ and ‘Ezreel’ never worked and will never work for the fact that it is usually wrong. You just can’t use such blame games to divert popular attention for ever. Egypt has enormous human resources. It can be converted into a technological hub just overnight. It can organize its hundreds of thousands of unemployed engineers to solve it water issues once and for all. All it has to do is confine these surly ‘religious’ scholars and leaders to where they belong, the mosques and college campuses. But it has to deal with the indolence that has gripped its youth for several years now. It will take a good deal of incentives coupled with a little push. Morsi, Morsi, poor boy Morsi!!!! It is not that easy to rule a country of 90 million just by spoonful of verse. It requires a lot of delivering.

  2. ግሩም
    | #2

    ከዚህ በፊትም በተደጋጋሚ እንደተናገርኩት እያራመድነው ያለነው አለም አቀፋዊው ስርዓት (The Pervasive Global Social Order) ተገቢው ጥያቄ ምርመራና ማስተካከያ እስካልተደረገበት ድረስና በዚህ አይነት ሁኔታ እስከቀጠለ ድረስ የአፍሪካና የታዳጊው አለም ችግር ከቶውንም በተራ የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ አካሄድ የሚፈታ አይሆንም፡፡አምባገነኑ ሙባረክ ተወግዶ ሞርሲ በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ስልጣን ያዘ ተብሎ አንድ ዓመት በቅጡ ሳይሞላው የለም ሞርሲ ትክክል አይደለምና መወገድ አለበት ተብሎ በመፈንቅለ መንግስት በሚሊታሪ ጁንታው ከስልጣን ተገለበጠ፡፡የሚቅጥለውስ ሌላ ተመራጭ በሚደረገው ቀጣይ ምርጫ ቢያሸንፍ ተመሳሳይ አዙሪት ውስጥ ላለመገባቱ ዋስትናው ምንድን ነው?Therefore the problem is more of inherently systemic and hence very intricate beyond the mere paradigm set-up of electoral democracy.በግብፅ ውስጥ የሚሊታሪና የደህነቱ ሃይል ልክ እንደ እኛው ሀገር ወያኔ ከተሰማራበት ህዝባዊና መንግስታዊ የስራ መስክ በተጨማሪ እጅግ በረቀቀና በተቀናበበረ ሁኔታ በኢኮኖሚው ዘርፍ ውስጥ ከፍተኛ ባለድርሻ አካል ነው፡፡ስለዚህም በሙባረክ ጊዜ የነበረው የሚሊታሪ የደህንነት የቴክኖክራቲክ ቢሮክራሲውና ኒዎ-ሊበራል የኢኮኖሚ መዋቅሩ በሙርሲም ጊዜ ባለበት ነው የቀጠለው፡፡ለትግሉ አምባገነንነት ወይንም የእስላም አክራሪነት ወይንም ዲሞክራሲ እየተባለ የተለመደ የተለያየ ሽፋን ቢሰጠውም ነገር ግን ትግሉ በዋናነት ከበስተጃርባ ከፍተኛ ኢኮኖሚያዊ መሰረትን የያዘ በሃብታሙና በተቀረው ድሃ ህዝብ መካከል ያለ የመደብ ትግል (Class Struggle) ጭምር ነው፡፡ይህ መሰረታዊ የኢኮኖሚ ጥያቄ እስካልተመለሰ ድረስ ደግሞ ስር የሰደደውን መሰረታዊ ችግር በምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ ብቻ መሸፋፈንና ማስተካከል አይቻልም፡፡በእኛም ሀገር ውስጥ ያለውና ወደፊትም የሚቀጥለው ነገር ተመሳሳይ ነው የሚሆነው፡፡ህዝብ ዝም ብሎ የምርጫ ካርድ ሳጥን ውስጥ ብቻ ስለከተተ ዲሞክራሲ አገኘሁኝ ብሎ በዚህ አይቀመጥምና ተጨባጭ የሚታይ የሚዳሰስ የሚቀመስ ነገር ይሻል፡፡በእርግጥ አሁን ባለንበት ፈታኝ ዘመን ውስጥ የሠው ልጅ በሁለት ነገሮች መካከል ተወጥሮ ይገኛል፡፡በአንድ በኩል የሰው ልጅ ነፃነት ክቡርነትና ማንነት(Liberty ,Human Dignity and Integrity) ከፍተኛ ፈተና ላይ የወደቀበት ነው፡፡በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ የሰው ልጅ ከመኖር ህልውናው(Survival) ጋር በተያያዘ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶቹን(Basic Material and Non-Material Survival Needs) ማለትም መጠለያ፣ ምግብ፣ንፁህ ውሃ፣ሰላማዊ አካባቢ፣ የተረጋጋና ጤናማ ቤተሰባዊ ማህበራዊ ፍቅርና ወሲባዊ ፍላጎት ወዘተ በተገቢ ሁኔታ ለማግኘት ከፍተኛ ፈተና ውስጥ ነው ያለው፡፡በዛሬው ፈታኝ ዘመን ውስጥ ነፃነትና ልቅነት ተዘበራርቀው ግብረሰ-ዶምነት የዲሞክራሲ መገለጫ እንደሆነ ተደርጎ በሰለጠኑት አሀገር መሪዎች በእነ ኦባማ እየተነገረን ነው፡፡ይህንን እያልኩኝ ያለሁት ከውጪ ንግግራቸውን በአማሩ ቃላት እየከሸኑና እያሳመሩ ህዝብ እንመራለን የሚሉት የግሎባል ካፒታሊስቱ ልሂቃን ቅጥረኛ ፖለቲከኞች ቆመንለታል የሚሉትን ህዝብ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎት ሊያሟሉለት አልቻሉም፡፡የግብፅ ህዝብ እንደሌላው የአለም ህዝብና ከምንም በላይ እንደ ሰው ከምንም ነገር በላይ የሚያስፈልገው ከመኖር ህልውናው(Survival) ጋር በተያያዘ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶቹን(Basic Material and Non-Material Survival Needs) በተገቢው ሁኔታ ማግኘት ነው እንጂ የእስላም ወይንም የክርስቲያን ወይንም ሌላ አይነት አክራሪነት ወይንም ኢትዮጵያ ለምን በአባይ እፍኝ ውሃ ተጠቀመች ብሎ ጦር መምዘዝ አይደለም፡፡የግሎባል ካፒታሊስቱ ቅጥረኛ ምሁራንና ፖለቲከኞች ከምንም ነገር ቅድሚያ የቆሙለትን የመደብ ክፍል መረዳትና መለየት አለባቸው፡፡ይህንን በቅጡ ለመረዳትና ለመለየት እስካልቻሉ ድረስ ሞርሲ ወይንስ ስርሲ ወይንም አልባራዲ ወይንም ሌላ ቢቀያየር ለብዙሃኑ ህዝብ ብዙም የተለየ ዋጋ የለውም፡፡በኢትዮጵያችንም ያለው ከዚህ ብዙም የተለየ አይሆንም፡፡የትም ፍቺው ዱቄቴን አምጪው እንደሚባለው ማንም ስልጣን ላይ ወጣ ወይንም ወረደ ነገር ግን ተራው ህዝብ ከምንም ነገር በላይ የሚፈልገው መሰረታዊ ፍላጎቶቹ ተሟልተውለት እንደ ሰው እንደዜጋ ታውቆና ተከብሮ በሰላማዊ ሁኔታ ተረጋግቶ በፍቅር መኖርና ማለፍ ነው፡፡This is the inherent human vocation and as such no more different from this.ይህንንም ስናስብ የምርጫ ዲሞክራሲ እንዳለ ሆኖ አሁን ያለው አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት(The Pervasive Global Social Order) እንደ ስርዓት ይህንን ማድረግ ይችላልዎይ ነው ትልቁ ጥያቄ::ብዙዎቻችን በተለመደው እይታ ሰብዓዊና ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብታችን ተገፈፈ ወዘተ እንላለን፡፡ነገር ግን ፖለቲካዊ ነፃነታችን ባብዛኛው በከፋ ሁኔታ የሚገፈፈው በቀጣይ ያለውን ኢኮኖሚያዊ ነፃነታችንን ለመግፈፍ ጭምር ታስቦ ነው፡፡ወይንም በሌላ በኩል እንደ ግብረሰዶም ልቅነት የበዛበት መረን የለቀቀ ዲሞክራሲ የሚሰጠን የሚያስፈለገን መሰረታዊ ነገር ሊሰጠን ስለማይችል በዚህ የልቅነት ዲሞክራሲ እውነተኛውን ነፃነት ያገኘን መስሎን በዚህ እንድንዘናጋና እንድንፅናና ታስቦ ነው፡፡አሁን በኢትዮጵያችንም እየሰፈነ ያለው የባህል ወረራና የስነ-ምግባር ብልሹነት የዚህ የልቅ ዲመክራሲ መገለጫ ነው፡፡አሁን ባለንበት አለም አቀፍ ስርዓት ውስጥ እንደ ክቡር ሰው የሚበጀንና የሚጠቅመን ነገር ሊሰጠን ስለማይችል የማይጠቅመንና የማይበጀን አርተፊሻል ነገር ሁሉ ሊሰጠንና በዚህ እንድንዘናጋና እንድፅናና ነው እየሆነ ነው ያለው፡፡በአሁኑ ዘመንም ከወደ ምእራቡ አለም የነፈሰችው ይህች ዲሞክራሲ የምትባለው በቅጡ ያልታኘከች ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ ቃልም ሁለት ስለት ያለው የእሳት ጎራዴ ነው የሆነችብን፡፡ሌላው እንደሞርሲ አይነት ፖለቲከኞችም ሙስሊም ብራዘር ሁድ ብለው አክራሪነትን ለሙስሊሙ እየሰበኩትና ከክርስቲያን ወገኑ ጋር እያለያዩት የሙስሊሙን ስስ ብልት ለመነካካት የጣሩትን ያህል እውን የሙስሊሙን ሰብዓዊና ዜግነታዊ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎት እያሟሉለት ነውን?በስተመጨረሻ ሞርሲ ወጣ ወረደ የሚለው እንዳለ ሆኖ እውን ግሎባል ካፒታሊዝም እንደ ስርዓት አሁን ባለበት ደረጃ የሰው ልጆችን እውነተኛ መሰረታዊ ፍላጎት ለሟሟላት ይችላልን?ይህ መሰረታዊ ጥያቄ መጠየቅና መመለስ አለበት፡፡ሀገር እንመራለን የሚሉት ፖለቲከኞች ልሂቃንም ይህንን መሰረታዊ ጥያቄ ሳይመልሱ ይህንን/ያንን አደርጋለሁኝ ይህንን/ያንን አላደርግም እያሉ ለህዝብ እኔን ምረጡኝ ማለታቸው ምን ይፈይዳል?

  3. kentu
    | #3

    my grand mama call me by my nick name kentu becouse i speake a lot but in true like i am not like now days in ethiopian sociaty we hate weyane but we din,t do any thing any thing just tack realy we need a great shame 4 or 5%of the popolation still in power.i told you 6 years ago even i change my baby diaper still i can run ethiopia becouse we need to change our calture we allready abuse by our oun parentys even we still in civilized sociaty it doest matter if you have PHD too late pireod

  4. Justice for all
    | #4

    I don’t know if the United State govt. is involved in the removal of a democratically elected Egyptian president or not — if US is involved, how do they pick and choose which countries to help? why is the US govt ignoring the cries and the blood of 90 million Ethiopians that are being robbed, looted and killed by non elected TPLF mafia regime? It’s unfortunate that the Ethiopian military is controlled by the TPLF MAFIA. I hope and pray that I live to see that day when TPLF mafia removed from power and pay for their crimes.

  5. aha!
    | #5

    The dividing line in Egypt after ousting the ex-president Mubarek in a joint effort by the Muslim Brotherhood and the non-secular sector of the society, which embraces Christians and Muslims and others in a non-violent uprising to democracy is between Islamism and secularism. The current uprising by the opposition is centered around the Islamist inclination of the constitution and lack of progress in the economic sector, since the constitution is the frame work of directive which way the country is heading to. The intervention of the military is to avert clashes between the Morsi supporters for Islamism and the opposition for secularism, which includes Muslims, Christians and others, which does not preclude the country to be part of the Arab League in a non-violent uprising for and against on both sides.

    The dividing line Ethiopia that is simmering into a non-violent uprising to freedom, liberty and equality of the individual to super cede ethnic and secessionist rights as the basic tenet in the ratified constitution
    is between Ethiopian Nationalism and Ethnic Nationalism, where the former embraces the precedence of Etiopiawinet before ones ethnicity, Muslims and Christians as one nation and one language broad communication inside and outside, while the latter embraces ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism built into the constitution, where ethnicfederalism, “ethnic homelands”, serves as prelude to secessionism and boundary conflicts in a divide and rule policy stipulated by TPLF and its teletafi parties, supported by the security, federal police and military forces against those opposition parties/factions, which support the TPLF/eprdf regime and its constitution as long as its lends itself to reform on maintaining ethnic rights, human rights, common denominator to all oppositions, democracy and justice and those with an all out campaign albeit restricted on the ratification of constitution with respect to ethnic federalism, secessionism and totaliarinism as well as the back tracking of the TPLF/eprdf regime on press freedom and religious freedom, individual freedom of an Ethiopian to live and own property anywhere in Ethiopia and displacement of individuals to give way to foreign Agro-industrial enterprises, where the non-violent uprising to freedom and/or democracy is blurred by those opposition parties, outside the “adjunct/teletafi” parties which linger on to the “Ethnic-nationalism, along the lines of TPLF/eprdf regime with ethnic agenda/ethnic-nationalism with objectives of maintaining respect for ethnic rights, human rights and democracy contrary to those lined up for Ethiopian Nationalism with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians. In order for the non-violent uprising freedom and/or democracy to thrive in Ethiopia the ground work is to bring all Ethiopian parties and/factions to sign onto a Memorandum of understanding to coalesce around the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to have precedence over ethnic and secessionist rights, which is contrary to current set up of the TPLF/eprdf regime, not an all inclusive, which is nothing more than the current coalition approach suggested by the provisional Transition Council, so as to make distinction between the positive forces integration and the negative forces of disintegration, which has tipped the balance on its side for the last 22 years with TPLF/political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations being engaged in exploitation, political and economic strangle hold of the countries resources and its silent majority equivalent to the ex-apartheid regime of South Africa, which had been a heavy burden to lift.

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