Nelson Mandela: His impact on American activism, politics and pop culture CNN

December 6th, 2013 Print Print Email Email

Word of Nelson Mandela’s death spread quickly across the United States, bringing with it a mix of reverence and grief for a man who was born in South Africa but in the end belonged to the world.

President Barack Obama ordered American flags to be lowered immediately to half-staff until Monday in tribute to Mandela, a rare honor for a foreign leader.

Memorials to the former South African president popped up from Los Angeles to Chicago, where flowers and candles were laid in front of murals bearing his likeness. In Washington, people gathered in front of the South Africa’s embassy.

For many Americans, the death of Mandela was akin to losing one of their own.

He loomed large in the actions of activists and politicians; he inspired music and movies.
Here’s a look at Mandela’s impact on the United States:


It began with a financial boycott, of sorts.

Students on campuses across the country in the late 1970s called for their universities and colleges to divest from investments in South Africa.

That led to sit-ins and protest marches that by the mid-1980s drew thousands.

“We had marches day after day, thousands of people got arrested in Washington, D.C.,” civil rights attorney Charles Ogletree said. “They were all released and ultimately not charged with any offense. Because it was a national issue — black, white, male, female, people on the left and right, everybody was involved in it.”

In 1986, Rep. Ron Dellums, D-California, sponsored a bill that called for a full trade embargo against South Africa as well as divestment by American companies. The bill, which passed the House, was vetoed by then-President Ronald Reagan. Congress then overrode the veto.

Today, this type of activism — financial boycotts — have become a protest staple. For example, fast food workers called this week for a boycott of their respective restaurants to protest low wages.


It began in 1985 with musician Steven Van Zandt’s “Sun City,” a song that protested the South African policy of apartheid.
The music brought together such musical powerhouses as Bruce Springsteen, Run DMC, Bonnie Raitt, Miles Davis, George Clinton, Jackson Browne and dozens more to record the single and video.

Bernice King: Mandela was a gentle giant
That was followed in 1986 with the release of Paul Simon’s “Graceland,” which featured South African musicians — including Ladysmith Black Mambazo.

Bernard Shaw: Mandela was ‘forgiving’
Simon on Thursday praised Mandela as one of the world’s greatest teachers.

Pres. Obama reflects on Mandela’s impact
“He conceived a model for mortal enemies to overcome their hatred and find a way through compassion to rebuild a nation based on truth, justice and the power of forgiveness,” the singer said in a statement to CNN. “His passing should reignite a worldwide effort for peace.”

On Thursday, the famed Apollo Theater in Harlem — that hosted so many of these artists — paid tribute to Mandela. Its marquee said, simply: “He changed our world.”

Hollywood was a long-time supporter of Mandela’s fight against apartheid, releasing a number of movies inspired by the civil rights leader’s plight.

“We count ourselves unspeakably fortunate to have been immersed in Nelson Mandela’s story and legacy,” said Harvey Weinstein, whose company is releasing the biopic “Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom” this month.

A number of Hollywood heavyweights have portrayed Mandela, including Danny Glover, Sidney Poitier and Terrance Howard. Morgan Freeman earned an Oscar nomination for best actor for his portrayal of Mandela in “Invictus.”

The latest to step into the role is Idris Elba, who plays the South African leader in “Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom.”
“What an honor it was to step into the shoes of Nelson Mandela and portray a man who defied odds, broke down barriers, and championed human rights before the eyes of the world,” Elba said.


Perhaps nowhere is Mandela’s influence more evident that on America’s politicians.

As a student at the University of California, Berkeley, California Assemblywoman Nancy Skinner participated in the divestment protests in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

So when Mandela was released and the South African government began its transition, “I think we felt like were part of that,” Skinner said.

She learned of Mandela’s death during a Democratic caucus in California.

“That strategic, spiritual, political leadership has no equal,” she said.

President Obama recounted to the nation on Thursday how he drew inspiration from Mandela during his first public speech.
“My very first political action, the first thing I ever did that involved an issue or a policy or politics, was a protest against apartheid. I studied his words and his writings,” he said in a televised address shortly after Mandela’s death was announced.

“And like so many around the globe, I cannot fully imagine my own life without the example that Nelson Mandela set, and so long as I live I will do what I can to learn from him.”

“He no longer belongs to us,” Obama told the nation in a televised address. “He belongs to the ages.”

  1. Gigi
    | #1

    He is the bacon of freedom!!!!!
    He is the light of the world!!!!!!!
    He is man kinds leader!!!!!!!
    He is love indeed!!!!!!

    When we stand tall
    Their is Mandela picking us up
    From where enemys left us
    Like a father he took us home
    away from thieves and bandat’s
    away from crimes
    wiping our tears and showing us
    the wright ways.

    He is Africa, He is Ethiopia
    He is man kind He is our defender
    when he stood for man and for all of us
    Mandela stood againest setan
    and defended heaven and earth
    For God and goodness to conquer
    Our life’s.
    And so we are childrens of our fathers!!!!!!!!
    And so we are children of God!!!!!!!!
    And so we are childerns of the holy spirit!!!!!!!
    And so Childrens of our lord Jesus!!!!!!

    May God bless his soul and bless his childrenss for ever and ever!!!!!!!

    Long live Nelson Mandela!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  2. Gigi
    | #2

    God bless Mandela for ever
    for awakening me to light
    for awakening to freedom
    for awakening me to who I am

    For opening the door to all of us and
    letting us go first out of prison
    one by one we walked free while he was
    locked in the ememys dungeon
    saying ‘Let Them GO’…
    to though unfriendly wrong men.

    His prisoner hands even beulding south Africa
    digging the earth and cutting ston’s
    He was told not to seat in the train
    but he makes the rail ways.

    And know we are free, away from the enemy’s
    phisical and spiritual dungeon
    Mandela sayed no to thou wrong cruel men
    and they can brake us and abuse us no more
    So we learn our wrights and power from our
    greatest leader and our founding father
    our defender Nelson Mandela

    He shale live in grace in heaven
    He shale be rememberd in hearts of man her on earth
    for ever and ever Amen.

    May God bless him and all of his great family
    for ever!!!!!!!!!

    Long live Mandela!!!!!!!

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