FOR THE RECCORD: BE WARE OF RELIGIOUS EXTREMISTS By Mankelklot Haile Selassie (PhD)

December 29th, 2013 Print Print Email Email

1. INTRODUCTION

Here, I am specifically referring to the Ethiopian Muslim extremists. The primary reason to be in such a resolute position is to protect and preserve the cumulative tolerance and living in unity, side by side, built and developed through thousands of years, slowly but surely threading from generation to generation. Right now, at this critical economic and social situation, the unity of Muslims and Christians is a function of stability and economic development, hence, in the case of Ethiopia, the eradication of poverty. In what ever ways we see, think, rationalize, and argue, the ultimate conclusion aught to be the eradication of poverty. Without tackling poverty to its roots first, by using whatever tools would be available, to think about science and technology is putting the cart before the horse. The effort becomes very superficial. When the main target is the eradication of poverty what ever tools needed to hit that target, including the improvement of science and technology itself, logically becomes part of the necessary tools. Establishing the target very clearly is very important.

Coming back to the crux of the issue, I argue that, in the case of Ethiopia, national security and stability, the precursors of economic development hence eradication of poverty, trumps up individual rights. And, to certain extent group rights, depending on the condition. State rights become paramount. I will extend this argument to religion. In my opinion, ultimately, religion is the issue of individual rights. It is not group rights. An individual’s redemption, be a Muslim or a Christian, and entering heaven is to that specific individual’s benefit. The redemption of the family’s head, for example, cannot be transferred or spill-over to the wife or to the offspring. What if the family head dies first? He takes his trophy with him. The wife and the children have to fight their own spiritual fights. It is a unique form of struggle to save ones soul from burning in hell. Religion appears on the surface to be group issue but it is an individual issue. Therefore, group issues, state issues that are linked to economic development and therefore the eradication of poverty trumps up individual rights. If religious extremists try to take advantage under the cover of religion, by invoking individual rights, to disrupt the tolerance and the stability of the groups, in this case of Christians and Muslims, hence of the state, they should be dealt with mercilessly.
 
Here, I want to emphasize that, as I have said it before, I am not against, the expansion of Islam or the religion itself. Just as the Orthodox Christians, the Catholics, the protestants, even the traditionalists are doing in Ethiopia, Muslims, about 30% of the population have an absolute right to do it too. My main concern is, for religion to be a divisively used contentious issue in Ethiopia where Muslims and Christians have lived side by side for thousands of years. Muslim extremists undivided and dedicated intention is to break this organic linkage. They know very well that unless they break this organic linkage they have no where to go and nothing to do. One concrete example is the killing of Sheik Nurru Yimman. It was a very strategic move to break the link. That is to shut his mouth and break the link, if you will. Extremists should never, ever, be allowed or left alone, or even think about instigating division using religion among the Ethiopian society. Dr Ahmed A. Moen of Haward University clearly and beautifully stated the following:

Throughout history, the Islamic values and mores practiced in Ethiopia
have helped Ethiopian Muslims to lead moderate, patient and resilient
pathways which, in turn, neutralize hardships and threats to their ways
of life. Many scholars attribute tolerance and accommodation to the
culture of assimilation and diversity of the peoples. The tolerance for
ambiguity and differences is also the by-product of widespread
continuum of Judeo-Christian-Islamic religious heritages. Each of these
religions ushered in its own peculiarity or commonality, when occasional
religious fanaticism or conflicts erupted other social and cultural factors
intervened to restrain disintegration and chaos. On the other hand, the
confluence and convergence of intrinsic values inherent in customs,
religions and ethnicity have served as catalyst of unity in diversity.

Dr. Ahmed A. Moen further stated:

…. Yes, as other Ethiopians do, Muslims draw gratification from their
ancient Ethiopian heritages and deep-rooted sense of belonging to the
land and its history. … overall, the most cohesive bond is the realization
of shared heritages and common destiny that evolved overtime mostly
through intermingling of geographically contiguous ethnic, tribal and
national interest.
 
 

I was born and grown among Muslims. I have had very close Muslim friends. There are many anecdotes, beginning from my early childhood that I can itemize, that I still cherish when remembering and thinking about them. My close relatives, a generation or two below me have intermarried with Muslims. Two directional marriage. Christian boys marrying Muslim girls, and, Christian girls marrying Muslim boys. So, one can see the strength of the stake I have in protecting this Muslim-Christian relationships and their unity. As the late Tip O’Neill (D), former Speaker of the House of the United States Congress, once said, “politics are local.”

As far as I am concerned, the crux of the demonstrations and therefore the formation of an organized body called “Dimtsachin Yisema” is the vehement Competition, call it political struggle, based on ideological difference between those who uphold Wahabism and those who follow al-Habaash. According to Al Jezeera, “demonstrations” were set off when students at the nation’s only Islamic institute walked out of the classes after their teachers were dismissed and replaced by Lebanese Islamic sect called al-Habaash. Except indicating the core issue of the competition, I am not going to indulge into specific philosophical differences, even though I have read a lot about it when preparing myself for this article. The three demands that were pushed forward and following it up with successive demonstrations ultimately comes down to the ideological differences between the two groups well manifested in the process. I further argue that the extremists have tried to use it as a forum in a very subtle way. I will come back to this issue later.

2. The Seeds of Muslim Extremism was Already Planted in Ethiopia

Muslim extremists existed in Ethiopia before the formation of Dimtsachin Yissema. Who knows, they could have been the precursors of Dimtsachin Yissema. There is no doubt they were actively involved during the demonstrations organized by Dimtsachin Yissema. To think otherwise is meekness. They are not fools not to participate and guide it to their political advantage. Burning churches, killing unsuspecting and unarmed Christians, converting Christians by force, converting churches into mosques, clearly exposed the hidden agenda of fierce hatred they have for Christians, and their determination to act upon it. Can these extremists change? No! Can leopard change its color?
 
The waving of slogans during the demonstration to indicate their feelings about the long absence of a Muslim leader at the helm of the state. They wrongly assume that they are the majority. For the extremists it is a strong motivational factor. Because they believe in it. A Somali leader, sheik Hassan Dahir Aweys, who is in jail now, in his secrete meeting with Meles Zenawi, said: “Sooner or later, there will be an Islamic uprising in Addis Ababa similar to that of Mogadishu.” He further clearly stated that, “ The leadership has always been Christians though more than 65 percent are Muslims by the most conservative estimate.” Note the connection between this last statement of Sheik Aweys and the slogan held during the demonstrations. These statements by the leader of the Somali extremists definitely must have had a role to play in the activities of the Ethiopian extremists who already partnered with the Somali extremists, most likely cadres of al-Shabaab, an off shoot of the Union of Islamic Courts, while they were killing Christians and burning churches in Southern Ethiopia. Further more, the burning of Ethiopian flag, and, above all the killing of Sheik Nuru Yimman, who was a persistent advocate of tolerance, indicate the possible infiltration of these extremists in Dimstachin Yissema. As to the existence of extremists in Ethiopia, before the demonstrations organized by Dimtsachin Yissema, here is what World Magazine of October 10, 2006 recorded in it:

“… For weeks a group of about 300 men the locals described as
‘Muslim fundamentalists’ trained in a remote area near the town of
Jima, 250 miles southwest of Addis Ababa. According to eye witness, the
3 group includes a number of Somalis. Government forces alarmed by
their activities, arrested several of the leaders. But the remainder
organized and, armed with machetes and knives, attacked Christian
churches and villages. Within a matter of two days, they had burned over
350 homes belonging to Christians, killed 31 Christians, and took dozens
as hostages, according to local church leaders. Muslim attackers burned
one Catholic church, one Orthodox church, and three evangelical churches.
The later are part of the 75-year old Kale Heywet Church (EKHC), which began
under the missionary influence of what was then known as Sudan Interior Mission
and now includes over 5 million Ethiopian believers. Attackers quickly converted
five local EKHC churches into mosques. “
 
 

Note that a number of Somalis were among the extremists when doing these heinous act. Therefore, one can boldly say that these extremists who were definitely part of Dimtsachin Yissema have also connections with al- Shabaab. How about with those in North Africa and with those in the Middle East? If al-Shabaab has connections with al-Qaeda it is not a rocket science not to conclude that the Ethiopian Muslim extremists to have connections with the al-Qaeda of Middle East. Al-Shabaab joined al-Qaeda of Middle East on February 9, 2012. With the blessing of al-Qaeda leader, Ayman al-Zawahir, it was recognized and accepted to be Somali based al-Qaeda cell. Therefore, the connection of al-Shabaab, an extremist organization that have a connection with Ethiopian extremists, with the al-Qaeda of the Middle East is an established fact.

Logically then, the most serious question to ask is what is the guarantee what was done in Kenya and Uganda not to be done in Ethiopia by the Ethiopian Muslim extremist with the instigation and encouragement by al-Shabaab? As explicitly shown by World Magazine of October 10, 2006, they already have the experience and also the potential to do it again. So, let us not fool ourselves.

3. Outside Connection and its Impact

The connections between al-Shabaab and al-Qaeda is a well established fact. The connection between Ethiopian Muslim extremists particularly with al-Shebaab of Somali is already there and solid. I have shown it in the previous segment briefly. So, what is the difficulty in connecting Ethiopian Muslim extremists to al-Qaeda of the Middle East. In addition, I don’t think the Ethiopian extremists will seat idle from having the secondary and tertiary connections, such as with Islamic Maghreb and Bokoharam of North Africa. The sophisticated technology that exists will assist them to do it very easily and very rapidly. Without going into detail, the Ethiopian extremists will emulate these foreign extremist forces in every single thing they do, in and around where they preside and able to function. They believe in what ever extreme things in the name of religion they do and they aspire to do it again and again, whenever it is possible.

Somali is a source of trouble for Ethiopia. Reuters, Sept. 25, 2008 clearly recorded as follows: “Somalia truly is one place in Africa where you have a potential conundrum of recruitment and extremism that, left to its own devices, will only increase in terms of the danger it presents to the region….” Al-shabaab have converted young and poor Christians in Kenya and Uganda.

According to Wikipedia, there are a number of foreign countries that back al-Shabaab. Egypt is one of them. Egypt has a long standing policy of securing the Nile River flow by destabilizing Ethiopia. It further indicates Yemen, Sudan, the Swahili Coast, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia and Bangladesh to be foreign al-Shabaab members. The wider the foreign base of al-Shabaab the wider the communication base for Ethiopian Muslim extremists. The wider the feedback would be, as to what to do, when to do, and where to do. In today’s technology and the funneling in plenty money, including from local suppliers, I think it is as simple as that, to do what the extremists want to do if and when the time comes. Well structured organization is there. Finance is there. Connect the dots between Ethiopian Muslim extremists, the al-Shabaab, the Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

4. Fabrication of the Population Size of the Muslims

In Ethiopia the population size of the Muslims is tacitly being used by extremists as well as by some prominent Muslim leaders for agitation purposes. Muslims are in the majority therefore Sharia law aught to be the law of the land, they say. Muslims are in the majority therefore Ethiopia should have a Muslim leader to apply the Sharia law, they say. If the Muslims in Ethiopia were the majority then it would have been quite logical, and I might add that it should be an acceptable fact, to apply this premises. But it is not the majority. Here, what is critically important to note is that this fabricated proportion is being used to agitate particularly the young Muslim generations. It is very easy to plant it in the minds of the younger people. The older people may not accept it. Allow me to quote two subtly and openly used agitation statements:

One: Based on World Year Book of 1991 and UNICEF/Ethiopia the estimated number of Ethiopian Muslims ranges between 23.9 to 27.7 million (45 percent to 52 percent. Nejib Mohammed, Sept. 1, 2013. But according to the Ethiopian census bureau of 2007, that is after 16 years of the quoted figure, the Ethiopian Muslim population is 25 million. Go figure.

Two: Hassan Dahir Aweys of the then Islamic Courts Union, now in prison, during the secrete meeting with Meles Zenawi said: “… but the leadership has always been Christians though more that 65% are Muslims by the most conservative estimate.” I have already quoted Sheik Aweys I am repeating it to emphasize my argument.
Here is a very important point to note . Whether one accepts it or not, the reference point, with regard to the size of the distribution of the population into its nationalities and religious groups, is the Central Census Bureau of the central government. Be it the current or the previous regimes. It is the only one that compiled it by physically contacting the society in question. Regarding Ethiopia, the source cannot be UNESCO, UNICEF, CIA, US State Department or even the United Nations. They have no right, unless there is a motive to deliberately mislead and destabilize the society, to put out a fabricated size of the population into religious and nationalities groups. When dealing with a nation such as Ethiopia, with over 80 nationalities and with different religious groups, these international organizations mentioned above aught to be very careful not to fabricate the census products other than the one produced by the Central Census Bureau of the central government of Ethiopia.

Let me provide some background facts and figures to validate one of the major arguments of this article. Before the arrival of Mohammed Giragn there were sporadic raids and counter raids between Muslims and Christians. Muslims with the aim of expansion both their religion and their trade, and Christians with the aims of resistance to protect their religion and to control and protect their trade. Amazingly trade was a widely and effectively used conduit to spread out religion. Ifat in the northeastern of Shewa, Islamic city of Harar, Afar and Somali in low lands along the Red Sea were the major role players in the beginning of the 13th century. Ifat the strongest was defeated by Amda Sion in the mid 14th century. The Muslims then could not form a united front, because of : a) Islamized peoples inhabited small and independent states; b) they were divided by differences in language and culture; c) some were sedentary cultivators and traders; and d) others were
 
pastoralists. (Source: US Library of Congress).

Here, an important point to note is that the expansion of Islam was specific to a limited geographic locations and other living and cultural conditions. Islamism could not expand freely over a large area. It appears the above four factors plaid an important role in favor of the Christians, who have already established wide and strong mass based conditions to dominate and dictate their policy. And of course Christianity too. Christianity was the religion of the kingdom. Even Mohammed Gragn, the Adali, could not succeed to establish a deep rooted mass base. The 18 years (1545 to 1525), he was killed in 1525, of intensive campaign was not strong enough to hold together the ethnically divers and geographically dispersed groups of Muslims. When Mohammed Gragn died the unity of Muslim forces was destroyed. I argue then, the current size of the Muslim proportion is the outcome of the size that existed during and before Mohammed Gragn. Also note the above four factors itemized. Given the then existed environment and other social and cultural factors, the growth of the Ethiopian Muslims will be very limited. At the time the number of the Christians was greater than the number of the Muslims. The logical conclusion would be, the growth then would be directly proportion to the size of these two religions in question. Logically, then, The one with the greater size will grow greater than the one with smaller size.

Let me add to the above about what the situation is in Ethiopia today. According to the National Census of 2007, the size of the Ethiopian religions population were:
A) Ethiopian Orthodox was 43.5 percent, that is, 32 million.
B) Protestants were 18.6 percent, that is, 14 million.
C) Muslims were 33.9 percent, that is, 25 million.
D) Traditional were 2.6 percent, that is 2 million.

Further more, again according to the National Census bureau, the growth of Christians and Muslims are as follows:

Christians: the Ethiopian Orthodox, the Protestants and the Catholics together grew from 61.6 percent,
1994 census to 62.8 percent, 2007 census.
 
Muslims grew from 32 percent, 1994 census, to 33.9 percent, 2007
census.

5. The Hypocrisy of Dimtsachin Yissema

What prompted this segment of the article is the article of Dimtsachin Yissema, “Ethiopian Muslims Voice Along with PM’s Death.“ August 21, 2012. This article blindly condemns the two previous regimes, namely, Emperor Haile Selassie’s and Mengistu Hailemariam’s, while unashamedly applauding Meles Zenawi, who was number one enemy of Ethiopia. All Understanding God took him away early before he enjoyed what he looted, a better descriptor is what he sucked, from the people of Ethiopia. A thoughtful and fair minded Organization would have looked into what took place within the Ethiopian society in general and the Muslim society in particular. The history of Ethiopian society is the history of Muslim society. These two social interactions are inseparable. This was what Dmtsachin Yissema was, perhaps still is, unable to discern.

At least, this Organization could have brought two major and historical events to the surface and let the Muslim community know and understand better about them before the condemnation. They are: 1) The existence of the application of Sharia law in Ethiopia even before Emperor Haile Selassie’s rule. And, 2) The separation of religion from state during Mengistu’s rule. I will quote below what Dr. Ahmed A. Moen of Howard University said, particularly which applies to Emperor Haile Selassie’s rule:

Islamic religions Sharia court systems, have existed for centuries side by side with
customary laws even though Islamic laws have no treatment in the modern civil and
penal codes of Ethiopia. Sharia laws primarily regulate succession, guardianship,
inheritance, marriage and divorce for the majority of Muslims in Ethiopia.

He further explains, the separation of religion from state, which particularly refers to Mengistu’s rule. Note to whom he gave the credit to achieve this political outcome:

The separation of religion from state has been in existence since 1974
 
revolution and continues to be the law of the land. This historical
change evolved from the dynamic interaction of heterogeneous people
known for their resistance, flexibility and assimilation of ideas, races,
culture and religions.

Amazingly, even back in 1668, an imperial decree was issued declaring that the Muslims (Jabarti) and Jews (Felasha) of Gondar would henceforth live apart from Christians, but they were allowed to practice their religion freely in their own quarters. Even though the decreeing of living apart should not be condoned, Ethiopian society should be proud of its history for the existence of the tolerance of different religious practices three hundred years ago. The part of the decree that decreed the liberty to worship according to ones faith should be celebrated today.

Instead of building on these concrete historical facts and come up with fact based constructive criticism this Organization completely ignored these historical facts, and shamelessly tried to appease TPLF. It is very cheap and opportunistic politics. It is dishonorable to take such mercurial position as if Meles’s constitution helped Islam. Meles Zenawi used the constitution only when it applied in favor of his political control and his business empire expansion and protection. When constitution related issues are not in his favor he resorted to the other constitution of the land, the “Democratic Revolution.“ So, where is Meles’s support of Ethiopian Muslims and Islam?

Now, the question is, given this hypocritical position clearly manifested in this Organization, how could one affirmatively say particularly this Muslim Organization is credible? One would be forced to label it as a Trojan horse for extremists to provide it a cover, even though whether it is done intentionally or unintentionally is a matter to be contemplated upon, for conspiring to create a rift between Christians and Muslims. The Muslim extremists are against the tolerance of the Muslim masses towards the Christian masses. Why was Sheik Nuru Yiman killed by the extremists? Because he was actively and persistently preaching tolerance. Why was he openly preaching tolerance? Given his age, his experience, and the active participation in the community he was able to sense and notice the moves of the extremists who were trying to create a rift between the Christians and the Muslims. And, perhaps between the Muslim society themselves. There will definitely be those who are for tolerance. Dimtsachin Yissema should clean itself from the extremists.

6. What should be done?

Here, it should be clearly understood that, the issue is not between any concerned Ethiopian forces, including the regime itself, and the Ethiopian Muslims society in general. The issue is strictly between any concerned Ethiopian forces, including the regime itself, versus the Ethiopian Muslim extremists. Putting aside, the concern of democracy, the concern of human rights, and the concern of the rule of law, as related to the current regime, and solely looking into this issue as related to Muslim extremists, face-to-face, nothing in between, not even the current regime. Muslim brothers and sisters, Christian brothers and sisters have blended long time ago, with no visible seams at all as reflected in the following activities. There are teachers, (universities, high schools and elementary schools), researchers, nurses, medical doctors, artists, musicians, actors and actresses, engineers, administrators, judges, attorneys, merchants, farmers, etc., etc. not as Muslims but as Ethiopians. As Dr. Ahmed Moen said assimilation have taken place in Ethiopia long time ago. This is what the Ethiopian Muslim extremists, and of course their guardian and motivators international Muslim extremists is irking them. They don’t like it and they didn’t like it. Destroying arts, and anything related to artistic works, killing teachers, banning recreational facilities, standing against anything and everything women do independently, literally annihilating the rights of women, factors that are part and parcel of assimilation, are activities of the Muslim extremists in the Middle East and in Somalia. They are against any enlightenment. They aspire to create a clean slate, a brain, on which to write their wishes. I am quite sure these are behaviors envied and with the potential to be emulated by the Ethiopian Muslim extremists.

I have tried to show the reality that Muslim extremists exist in Ethiopia and their outside connections that cannot be denied. In addition, I have also shown that the crux of the contention that prompted the successive demonstrations was purely ideological struggle between al-Habash and Wahabists. Given these stark realities any regime, for that matter including the current one, that administers the country has solemn responsibility to apply any available means in its disposal to fight back and retard the extremists before they are rooted deeply and create permanent damage to the stability of the society. It is critically important never to be late.

Once the extremists achieve an upper hand they would do anything to achieve their goals. They are cold blooded ruthless. What they did to the Christian community in the South and Southwest Ethiopia attests to this behavior they posses. Another case in point is the two Muslim extremists in England who literally butchered a British soldier. Note the next one too. Ibrahim Hassan al-Asri, al-Qaeda’s chief bomb maker harnessed his own younger brother with bombs. The younger brother was killed by it. Go figure.

Stability, hence economic development and eradication of the poverty of the nation, combined with the cultivation and maintenance of the tolerance between the religions, at any cost, with no hesitation, aught to be part and parcel of any regime’s policy in Ethiopia. The motto aught to be never to be pro-active. In Ethiopia, religion is no more a phenomenon to be ignored or to be put aside as simple as accessory factors. In addition, which is equally very important issue to be concerned about, is, to look into who is, among the riches inside Ethiopia as well as outside of Ethiopia, financing and encouraging the extremists? Note this! …“The distribution of funds was managed by an exiled Saudi businessman in Ethiopia, Sheik Mohammad Husein al-Almadi, and the Afghan-based Abu Zubayda, who is thought to be a Palestinian originally named Zein Abedein Mohammad Hassan.” Jan’s Intelligence Review, August 1, 2001. This particular individual is a deliberately overlooked cancer, slick business man, who is taking advantage of the wide spread corruption, top to bottom. The extremists cannot do much without sufficient financing and moral support. Therefore, in order to cripple them it is very important to completely dismember and cut the financial sources.
 

  1. Sulaiman
    | #1

    It is the same old story. For centuries, we have known no terriost attacks. What happened now? You always tell us some Muslims did this and that mischief to Christians. Don’t think you have discovered something new. This is what we are taught even at schools. How many Ethiopians do you think know Ahmed Gragn is an Ethiopian. Let me tell my experience. I was a graduate student at AAU. I was doing my paper on the title that Islam wasn’t spread at the point of a sword. My adviser challenged me. So I tried to give her a simple example by talking about our country. That no Muslim army came to Ethiopia for spreading Islam. But she pointed out Ahmed Gragn was an invader who destroyed many churchs to enforce Islam. I told her that he was from Ethiopia Harar region citing evidences presented by impartial Ethiopian writers. Let me add one more. This also happened there. Once we were in the middle of learning when our teacher raised a question that which Ahmed Gragn contributed to Ethiopia. What do you think it was? Yes. He set monasteries to fire. He killed many Christians wrongly. What else can you say? These were what everyone in the class said. But he asked us to him something which he never heard. He said this was what everyone would say. None of us could answer. He asked some Christians to name days of the month. A student who spent many years in a church could occupy almost all days except three days. Then, he told us that people in those times wouldn’t do anything on these days for they were made to believe something wrong would happen to them. This resulted in our backwardness and caused us to remain underdeveloped. Ahmed Gragn,however, changed this bad tradition.
    To tell the truth, there has been no tolerance in Ethiopian history. Let’s put it this way. We Muslims have tolerated you. Now you are trying to kill us in number. What is useful is to speak the truth. We speak the truth when we tell what emperor yohannes did to Muslims at borumeda and what other Solomonic kings did to their minor Muslim communities.

  2. Abegaz
    | #2

    Mankelklot,

    You are mixing two events. Before “Dimtsachin Yesema”, there were extremist Muslims that organize themselves, burn churches and kill people particularly in Jima. They were encouraged by TPLF/EPRDF. The “Dimtsachin yesema” is a new event advanced by educated people who want to worship their religion outside the sphere of government/cadre influences.

    You ask, “Why was Sheik Nuru Yimam killed by the extremists?”. You believe extremists did that. You are dead wrong. Even the children of Sheik Nuru do not believe that. They already got their father’s killer- the EPRDF security apparatus. Will due respect for your previous writings, this one is offline. Got is Doctor? All we have to do is support the Muslim question, organize ourselves and defend ourselves. condemning the Muslim movement is appeasing EPRDF. If you have the gut, organize yourself. If you do so, it is not hard to defend whatever threat you may suspect from Muslim extremists. The laziness to organize or the selfishness to help those who want to organize and make a difference is the bottleneck that made us hostage to EPRDF. Look, the Ogaden movement, with a small army, they made the EPRDF government sleepless. EPRDF asks negotiation with them. They never did that with the legal opposition. Because they know they are not organized and cannot be a threat to EPRDF in anyway. If Ethiopians get organized to defend themselves, and you and I provide financial support, any force, be it EPRDF or Muslim extremists are dusts before our eyes.

  3. Garo
    | #3

    Where there is no personal freedom there can not be economic development or security. This only produces insecurity and poverty.

  4. Sam
    | #4

    I read Mankelklot’s article with interest. I share with him a concern he has with religious fanatics no matter in whatever shape they appear to be. My agreement with his concern however does not hinder me to overlook his flaw in some arguments he made. He wrote “without tackling poverty to its roots first, by using whatever means available, to think about science and technology is putting the cart before the horse.” Really? This is an absolute nonsense. How does he think we tame poverty if science and technology is relegated to a waiting list? By raising our hands to God and pray? Science and technology is the most important aspect of the “whatever means possible” that he wrote about. According to Mankelklot there is a process. First you tackle poverty, only he knows how, and you turn to science and technology later. The true hard truth is Ethiopia is in perpetual poverty because the country has never used science and technology as it should. Mankelklot’s understanding of individual rights is also questionable. He wrote “in the case of Ethiopia, national security and stability … trumps up individual rights.” This line of argument made by every successive Ethiopian governments one way or another. Mankelklot seems to have believed if the Ethiopian government respects individual rights national security will be in jeopardy. If he does mean by individual rights to instigate religious animosity among Ethiopians he does not have individual right to do that to begin with. If he means everybody does not go to prison no matter what he/she did there such right even in countries known to have the best individual rights. Individual right is not without limit.

  5. Selamu
    | #5

    Dr. Mankelkelot deserves appreciation and thanks for his timely and excellent article which alerts all Ethiopians, be they Christians or Muslims to the danger of engaging in mutual destruction unless we wake up in time and fight jointly against extremists of whatever persuasion.

    Christians in Ethiopia have demonstrated a great deal of patience when few fundamentalists perpetrated atrocious crimes against humanity in the Jimma and other areas by murdering priests and other adherents of the Christian faith as well as burning a number of churches. If a tit-for-tat conflict resolution methodology were utilized at that time, a great deal of loss might have been inflicted. Although the criminal deeds of the exremist muslims was cut short, it does not mean that it was completely obliterated. External interests including the Wahabists, Al Shebab, etc. have their well known, dangerous objectives concerning Ethiopia.

    It’s time that Ethiopian Christians and Muslims stop accusing each other based on past mistakes for which both could draw evidences. The common enemies of the Ethiopian people are, currently, abuse of human rights, poverty, ethnicism, etc. For these fundamental challenges, Ethiopians need to fight together without regard to religious, ethnic, gender, political, and such differences.

    Ethiopians should, in particular, be alert to the dangers of the external and internal extemists who are bent on causing conflict among Ethiopians who have lived together, for centuries, in peace, mutual understanding and respect.

  6. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #6

    Professor Mankelklot Haile Selassie (PhD), thank you for an illuminating and well researched article. Ethiopia is the land of tolerant and judicious people, but sadly at times has been led by brutal and dictatorial leaders. I hope you will continue your fact-based analysis of our current challenges of religious intolerance and disharmonious social milieu.

    When this debacle was uderway and Muslim radicals started complaining about three years ago, claiming that they were being harassed by the Ethiopian Government, being denied their religious freedom guaranteed by the Ethiopian Constitution et cetera, what they were after was to have unbridled freedom to burn Churches, murder Christians, and kill Muslim traditional leaders et cetera and turn Ethiopia into a Muslim state and use Sharia as the law of the land. These fanatic Muslims have done precisely such despicable acts burning churches and destroying monuments of great traditional Muslim scholars and leaders in Wollo and in Arisi. And I pointed out in a couple of articles the fact that they were terrorist groups.

    The horrendous brutality by the Saudi Government and by the many members of the Saudi population and the religious terroristic and divisive activities of the followers of Wahabism and those who follow al-Habaash in Ethiopia are the new breed of terrorists. All this is a concerted effort of Egypt and Arabs in general to undermine the economic and political progress Ethiopians are striving for. In particular it is aimed at derailing the construction of the Great Renaissance Dam on our Blue Nile River. The idiotic Ethiopian opposition has been championing such terrorist fanatical Muslim groups without taking into account the destructiveness of such groups of the short and long term interest of Ethiopia. I hope after reading your educational article, these Diaspora politicians and their blind supporters would realize their errors and mend their ways.

    Who is responsible in the introduction of such destructive groups into our community? Of course, it was Meles Zenawi, the archenemy of historic Ethiopia. To begin with they were introduced into the Ethiopian culture blatantly by Meles Zenawi early on in an effort to downgrade the traditional Ethiopian Orthodox Christians and also the traditional Muslim Ethiopians. I was vilified as an anti Muslim Christian fanatic when I wrote criticizing the support Ethiopians in the Diaspora were giving to such Muslim fanatics who were detained in Ethiopia for their terroristic activities. Even the surrogates of the opposition Diaspora wrote attacking all criticism of those Muslim fanatics. I am very proud of your courageous exposure of these two fanatic Muslim groups whose aim is to destabilize Ethiopia. Not a single member of the Wahabis and/or the Al-Habaash ever wrote or expressed any kind of fellowship or concern when Ethiopian immigrants were brutalized, raped, and murdered by the Saudis and their Government. Shame on you all Saudi Arabs and fanatic Ethiopian Muslims for hurting Ethiopians who only wanted to live a peacful and productive life.

    Thank you very much, indeed, Prof Mankelklot.
    Tecola W. Hagos

  7. Selamu
    | #7

    The subject on your website indicates 7 comments but only one appears! Please adjust. You don’t need to post this message.

  8. Abegaz
    | #8

    why do you erase my comments/posting? so much hypocrisy!!

  9. Arbegna
    | #9

    While allowing refugee status to the first Hejira group (Mohammed’s family) was commendable and humanitarian, in hind sight, it was a grave mistake to allow them to freely spread their new found faith in Christian Ethiopia. After they returned to Mecca, they did not reciprocate by protecting the Christians there. To this date, no Churches exist in Saudi Arabia. Ethiopian Muslims, have you asked why the relationship between Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia is not based on give-and-take basis?

  10. Belay
    | #10

    I am scared of your version of religion, Dr. Mankelklot Haile Sellassie, than my brothers who support “Dimtsachin Yisema” and I am not a muslim. You are an intolerant soul or a man with evil desires. Education is supposed to be a cleansing tool of hateful ideas and implant virtuous antidotes to those venoms. Your thoughts are in the middle ages not helping any one. Your plan is doomed to fail.

  11. yemer
    | #11

    Suleman, I am ashamed by your statement about Grange. Weather he is a foreigner or an Ethiopian a murderer is a murderer. Extremism be it Islam or Christian it is a poison to a society. Ethiopia is a land of the cradle of both Islam and Christianity. You can go to Wollo where Christian and Muslim people are leaving in harmony forgetting the Grange past.

  12. Beware Ethiopians
    | #12

    Hmmmmm! Really? IS it TPLF or the Religious extremists that are hurting Ethiopia and Ethiopians for the last 22 years?

  13. Haroni Habesha
    | #13

    At the beginning I thought that I am listenig ETV presented by the writer.If we really love Ethiopia,let’s free ourself from the distorted ruling class history of the land to replace it by its people,religions,tribes and other real assets.It seems the writer lacks information about the current peaceful movement of Ethiopin Muslims which is witnessed by different international bodies.Of poverty it is our land but we who put ourself in elite group are suffering from mental poverty that leads us neo-slavery.

  14. DIVIDE AND RULE
    | #14

    Here we go again, witnessing The Divide and Rule agenda of TPLF Regime in the open. First it was Amharas and now the Ethiopian Muslims are being blamed for everything. Who knows who is going to be used for a bait next? Let’s hope and pray that Ethiopians don’t get easily manipulated once again and turn against their own Ethiopian Muslim brothers and sisters. It is hard to believe some of the people that seem to criticize the dead brutal dictator Meles and his regime, and at the same breath, support and believe the TPLF allegations of the Ethiopian Muslims. Ethiopian Christians or Muslims haven’t had peace for the last two decades, period. Not only the Ethiopian Muslims, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church leaders are also being harassed and threatened by TPLF regime and the so called Newborn-Christian fake prime Minister HMD. What goes around comes around. God is watching patiently, and on his own timetable, the liars, the manipulators, the looters and the killers will get what they deserve.

  15. Assta B. Gettu
    | #15

    I thoroughly disagree with Dr. Mankelklot’s new and misleading statements: “…religion is the issue of individual rights. It is not group rights. An individual’s redemption, be a Muslim or a Christian, and entering heaven is to that specific individual’s benefit.”

    It has been the Jewish and the Christian traditions to teach one’s own children the value of Judeo-Christianity, and such indispensable traditions have helped the Jewish and the Christian children to grow up with a sense of knowing the existence, the fear, and the love of God, and through the fear and love of God, they will ultimately become good citizens of this world and the world here after.

    Jewish and Christian parents have great responsibilities about the religious educations of their offspring from the time they were born until they become adults and beyond that. Scripture says:

    “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates” (Deuteronomy 6:4-9).

    The bringing up of children to be the children of God is the absolute responsibilities of the parents as a team. Naturally, the parents know what is best for their children, and for these reasons God commanded the parents to teach their children the way their children should go: “Train children in the way they should go; when they grow old, they won’t depart from it” (Proverbs 22:6).

    In this case, whether the author of the article is in support of the Islamization of Ethiopia or the spread of Islam or other religion in Ethiopia, he is denouncing the rights of the parents to teach their children what is good for them when he blatantly declared:

    “The redemption of the family’s head, for example, cannot be transferred or spill-over to the wife or to the offspring. What if the family head dies first? He takes his trophy with him. The wife and the children have to fight their own spiritual fights.”

    The “trophy” the author of the article is talking about here, I assume, is the salvation of the head of the house – the father of the children and his wife. The father may have already taught his children the way they should believe in God before he died so that the trophy the father had achieved for himself is also achievable by his children and his wife as far as they follow the footsteps of the father who might have lived a righteous life.

    If religion is the issue of individual rights, not group rights, why do Jews, Christians, and Muslims pray in groups on Saturday, on Sunday, and on Friday respectively? Why did Jesus say: “For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them” (Matthew 18:20)?

  16. Assta B. Gettu
    | #16

    Glory to God, Jesus Christ!

  17. Assta B. Gettu
    | #17

    I thoroughly disagree with Dr. Mankelklot’s new and misleading statements: “…religion is the issue of individual rights. It is not group rights. An individual’s redemption, be a Muslim or a Christian, and entering heaven is to that specific individual’s benefit.”

    It has been the Jewish and the Christian traditions to teach one’s own children the value of Judeo-Christianity, and such indispensable traditions have helped the Jewish and the Christian children to grow up with a sense of knowing the existence, the fear, and the love of God, and through the fear and love of God, they will ultimately become good citizens of this world and the world here after.

    Jewish and Christian parents have great responsibilities about the religious educations of their offspring from the time they were born until they become adults and beyond that. Scripture says:

    “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates” (Deuteronomy 6:4-9).

    The bringing up of children to be the children of God is the absolute responsibilities of the parents as a team. Naturally, the parents know what is best for their children, and for these reasons God commanded the parents to teach their children the way their children should go: “Train children in the way they should go; when they grow old, they won’t depart from it” (Proverbs 22:6).

    In this case, whether the author of the article is in support of the Islamization of Ethiopia or the spread of Islam or other religion in Ethiopia, he is denouncing the rights of the parents to teach their children what is good for them when he blatantly declared:

    “The redemption of the family’s head, for example, cannot be transferred or spill-over to the wife or to the offspring. What if the family head dies first? He takes his trophy with him. The wife and the children have to fight their own spiritual fights.”

    The “trophy” the author of the article is talking about here, I assume, is the salvation of the head of the house – the father of the children and his wife. The father may have already taught his children the way they should believe in God before he died so that the trophy the father had achieved for himself is also achievable by his children and his wife as far as they follow the footsteps of the father who might have lived a righteous life.

    If religion is the issue of individual rights, not group rights, why do Jews, Christians, and Muslims pray in groups on Saturday, on Sunday, and on Friday respectively? Why did Jesus say: “For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them” (Matthew 18:20)?

  18. Assta B. Gettu
    | #18

    Many western politicians who have allowed millions of Muslims from Islamic nations for the purpose of political correctness and for the votes they need from such new influxes do not know how to get them out and send them back to their homelands because of the tumult these new comers, mostly Muslims, have created to their host countries.

    It is, however, a great surprise to me to hear Dr. Mankelklot Haile Selassie declaring the expansion of Islam in Ethiopia is okay:

    “Here, I want to emphasize that, as I have said it before, I am not against, the expansion of Islam or the religion itself.” The expansion of Islam in Ethiopia, no doubt, would endanger the existence of the indigenous Ethiopian Christians. For example, Lebanon used to be a Christian country, but not anymore, and the same is true with other Christian countries, such as Spain, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Australia, and many other countries. These countries I have just mentioned as examples are on the verge of losing their identities, their cultures, their traditions, and their Judeo-Christianity heritages. The Muslims who live in those countries always demand especial treatments: they want their Sharia law to be the law of the land; they want to draw a distinction between “halal” and “haram” food. They want their ladies to cover their faces from top to bottom, and they consider all non-Muslims as kafirs or infidels, or worst unclean. They have divided the world between the house of peace and the house of war. All Muslims belong to the house of peace and the non-Muslims belong to the house of war. This means, the Muslims are always in war against the house of war – the Jews, the Christians, the Hindus, and the rest of the non-Muslims. They believe such war will stop when all non-Muslims become Muslims and belong to the house of peace. Otherwise, the war between Muslims and non-Muslims will continue.

    As the number of Muslims grows every day in a country where the majorities are Christians or Jews or Hindus, so does their demand, and once the Muslims have the upper hand, they immediately begin to demonize the non-Muslims and dub them “dhimmi,” second citizens, and these dhimmi must pay a special tax called “Jizya.” Non-Muslims will not be allowed to build new Churches, to read their Bibles publicly, and to marry a Muslim girl. On the other hand, Muslim men can go and rape a Christian girl, and such rapists are not considered criminals, but if a non-Muslim person rapes a Muslim girl, he is considered criminal and will face severe punishments.

    The other issue I am against to is the frequently stated statement not just by the author of this article but by many other non-Muslims and Muslims: “Ethiopian Christians and Ethiopian Muslims have lived side by side in peace for thousands of years.” This is a deceptive statement, and it is a very useful statement for Muslims in Ethiopia. They use it to buy extra times until their number has been doubled, tripled, and quadrupled; then, immediately they begin to exhibit their true Islamic natures: forcing the non-Muslims to convert to Islam, or else face the consequences – humiliation and even death.

    Therefore, the statement – Ethiopian Muslims and Christians have lived for centuries in peace – should not deceive us if we have read the history of the Central African Republic. Muslims and Christians in Central African Republic have lived side by side in peace for many years; however, when the Muslims in central African Republic assume they have enough numbers to overthrow the Christian government of the Central African Republic, they were indeed able to get rid of the Christian government and impose their Islamic government, and their victory was a pyrrhic victory. On both sides hundreds of people had been slaughtered, and they are still killing each other: Christian neighbors against their Muslim neighbors, and Muslim neighbors against their Christian neighbors. Hence, the statement, Ethiopian Muslims and Christians have lived together side by side in peace for a long time, is not a guarantee that there will never be a major conflict like that of Gragn Muhammad, who destroyed so many Christian lives and too many Christian Churches, monasteries, and invaluable Christian books. At that particular Ethiopia’s dark history, the Ethiopian Muslims fought on the side of Gragn Muhammad against the Ethiopian Christians. They invited the Turkish Muslims to entirely destroy Ethiopia, but God has always been on the side of Ethiopia. He sent us some Portuguese Christians to help us, and with their help we were able to destroy Gragn Muhammad and his Turkish mercenary armies. After Gragn Muhammad was defeated, we never raised our hands against the Ethiopian Muslims who helped our enemy, Gragn Muhammad. As always, Ethiopia has been a peace-loving and a tolerant country, and it will remain the same till the end of time.

  19. Assta B. Gettu
    | #19

    Dr. Haile Selassie should be commended for exposing to the world the intolerant Ethiopian Muslim extremists who tried very hard under the cover of religious rights to incite the citizens of Addis Ababa to perpetrate immense crimes against their own brothers and sisters at the expense of the other peace-loving millions of Ethiopians.

    These heartless Ethiopian Muslim extremists had even tried to involve the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church clergies in their weekly protest on the street of Addis Ababa, telling them their protest was not just for the oppressed Ethiopian Muslims, but it was also for the sufferings and poorly paid Ethiopia’s Christian clergies, bishops, and archbishops. No doubt in my mind, some clergies and some Ethiopian journalists at home and abroad had been very sympathetic toward these Ethiopian Islamist extremist views.

    Most Islamist terrorist organizations in the entire world have three common goals, and those three common goals are to destroy our modern civilization, to establish the Sharia law, and to dominate the whole world as the only Muslim world. Then, they believe the Mahdi or the Messiah would come as a Muslim to this earth to affirm that the world is a Muslim world.

    In this case, Dr. Haile Selassie is absolutely right when he asks a valid question: “… how could one affirmatively say particularly this Muslim Organization is credible?” All Muslims, whether they are Ethiopian Muslims, Somali Muslims, Sudanese Muslims, or Chechnya Muslims belong to one organization and to one modern or radical Muslim community called the Umma. The Muslim Hadith clearly states: “Muslims are one ummah (community) to the exclusion of all men. Believers are friends of one another to the exclusion of all outsiders” (Ishaq: 231).

    Therefore, to us non-Muslims, all Muslim organizations are not for us, and we are not in them; hence they are not credible, and we must scrutinize them whenever we see them burgeoning in our gullible communities. No one knows for sure how much money the Islamic Gulf states and the Saudis contribute to such Muslim or terrorist organizations all over the world. We know such leviathan organizations cannot function without the financial support and blessings of the extremely rich Arab nations. Theses Islamic organizations are not just for the promotions of human rights, democracy, and for the rule of law only; they are there to promote violence and to spread their own version of democracy – the Sharia law – which is incompatible with the Jeffersonian democracy.

    The separation of Church and state hurts the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church but helps Islam in Ethiopia. In Islam there is no such a thing as the separation of Church and state. Islam and the Sharia law are inseparable: Islam is not just a religion; it is also a political system that has its own court, its own judges – the hanifs or the Qadis. It has its own army, war strategists, and other political administrative systems – all these are done under their cannon law, the Sharia law. The prophet Muhammad himself was a war hero and a religious leader at the same time. Under his leadership, he had conquered many Christian and Jewish territories and subdued thousands of Jews and Christians to accept Islam.

    The unpardonable sin Mengistu Haile Mariam committed in the eyes of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church was the separation of Church and state. For ages, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church had been a state Church and used to have many benefits from the state. When Ethiopia went to war against Ethiopia’s enemies, the Church also went to war with Ethiopia to defeat the enemies. When an Ethiopian king or queen or prince, or princess was ready to die, he or she vowed to give the Church half of his or her properties to the Church. Many of the Ethiopian Church scholars were administrators in the high government offices, and still some of them were well-respected cabinet members. Most Ethiopian kings never came to be Ethiopian kings without the blessings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church.

    But not anymore, thanks to the mother of “Red Terror,” Mengistu Haile Mariam, who stripped the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church of her glory and heritage by murdering her famous King, His Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie, and her influential patriarch Abuna Theophilos. Mengistu Haile Mariam will always be remembered as a killer and as the number one enemy of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church.

    It is true, Muslim extremists always come under the cover of Muslim organizations or Muslim charities to promote their hidden agenda, and for this reason, Dr. Haile Selassie is correct to level their organization as a “Trojan horse,” a hiding place or cave from where they could come out at the appropriate time and surprise us with their preemptive strike and break the peace and the tranquility of our country.

    Yes, Dr. Haile Selassie may be right that the Muslim extremists want to create a “rift between Christians and Muslims,” but, to tell the truth, there has been a rift or fissure between Christians and Muslims in Ethiopia; it may not be a wide and a long crevice, but it has been there.

    For example, the Ethiopian Muslims segregate themselves and live apart in their own Muslim villages or Muslim towns, such as the Muslim town of Addis Zemen near Tara Gedam monastery in Gondar, and in a big Muslim community in the western side of the city of Gondar, and in many other places in Ethiopia. When the Christians invite some Muslims to a Christian wedding, the Muslims do not eat the meat slaughtered by the Christians. The Christians have to give them one goat or sheep so that they could kill the goat or the sheep by themselves and eat its meet. The Muslims do not wear ማተብ (a cotton string) around their necks. In the country side when a Christian boy is found without wearing a cotton thread around his neck, his mother or his father would say to him: “ሰለምክ እንዴ?” Which means have you become a Muslim already? There are many other Christian and Islamic differences between the Ethiopian Muslims and the Ethiopian Christians. The Muslims in Ethiopia have never been fully assimilated to the Ethiopian Christian communities. In doing so, they have created a rift between themselves and the Ethiopian Christian societies. And it is the rift of such big or little differences the Islamist extremists have been using for their own advantages.

    Dr. Haile Selassie believes Muslims and Christians have lived as brothers and sisters without frictions, but the fact is Muslims and Christians have lived without showing their deep differences, i.e., hiding their innermost differences, and their mingling, if there is any, is simply lackadaisical, not real.

    Even though Church and state are two separate issues, religion, especially Christianity, has played a major role in the history of the Ethiopian people; therefore, Dr. Haile Selassie is not far away from the truth when he said:
    “In Ethiopia, religion is no more a phenomenon to be ignored or to be put aside as simple as accessory factors.” It is true many Ethiopian religious leaders had sacrificed their lives for their country, not just for their religion. Case in point is the death of Abuna Petros by the Italian Fascists and the death of Abuna Theophilos by the homegrown ruthless killer, Mengistu Haile Mariam.

    As to who finances the Muslim religious organizations, mostly, it is the Saudis who pay the bills for the Islamist terrorist organizations to destabilize the non-Muslim governments and thereby creating confusions and bloodshed in the country they live in. And on this bloodshed of the innocent people, Muslim extremists spread their Islamic ideology, Islamic principle, Islamic teaching, Islamic culture, and Islamic way of life.

    Do we have to surrender ourselves to such Islamist terrorists without a fight? Do we have to accept the barbaric Sharia law as the law of our land? Do we have to build thousands of new Mosques throughout our provinces and sell our Churches to the terrorist Muslims as the British are doing right now? Many European Christian Cathedrals are being sold out to the Muslims, and the British Muslims have converted these Christian cathedrals to magnificent Mosques.

    We must remember what happened to the most famous Christian Church – Sophia Hagia in Istanbul, Turkey. It was converted to Mosque and later to a museum. Such things may happen to the Ethiopian historical and impressive Churches unless we take care of the Islamist terrorist threats seriously in Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s Churches and monasteries are part of our heritages. We must protect them at any cost from being converted to Mosques. The Saudis money could buy the entire African continent; forget few Churches here and there! Because of the Saudis abundant money, the Islamist terrorists are terrorizing the entire world, and they will never stop from committing such heinous crimes we see every day being perpetrated by the Jihadist Muslims. The Saudis are the main causes for most of the crimes committed by the Islamist Jihadists. Terrorism will stop only when the Saudi oil is depleted, and no one knows when that will happen!

  20. Gov’t of Ethiopia or oppostion?
    | #20

    Your analysis and recommendations is not mentioning who is responsible for the extremism.

    1.Who is responsible?
    2. Are you saying the gov’t of Eth is not good enough for the job of protecting the people from religious extremism? And are you calling the oppositions to take over this role?

  21. Anonymous
    | #21

    My dear Abugida,
    My family and I have been wondering if a few of your website staffs are under cover woyanes. Please investigate and cleanup before you loose your dedicated Ethiopian visitors of this website. In the last few months, it seems that your website has become the vomiting place of undercover supporters of TPLF regime, Eritreans and religious extremists that are working hard day and night to divide Ethiopians.

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