“Time to bring back Eritrea from the cold” A reply to Ambassador Hank Cohen By Prof.Minga Negash

January 26th, 2014 Print Print Email Email

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  1. Sam
    | #1

    I read Minga’s article with interest. It is a well-thought-out analysis he made. When he outlined the five options Ethiopia might consider, not Eritrea because according to the writer it needs a different premise to come up with options the country might have. Minga did not single out one which might be beneficial to Ethiopia of those five options he believed Ethiopia has. True, he believes option one which the two American ambassadors entertained is a non-starter. Though he categorized it as five, the options are really four. Option two, no war no peace policy, and three are the same. If we agree option two describes what is happening now, we cannot also say using proxy to destabilize Ethiopia by Eritrea and vice versa is different from option two. It is one and the same. As for not picking one Minga is right. It seems he wrote as an intellectual, which he is, not as a politician. Let us say he is forced to pick one, could he find to pick one easy? I say no. Despite some politicians make-believe fantasy we hear as if it is a legitimate solution for the problem, and now from the American ambassadors, solving the problem needs to have visionary leaders from both Ethiopia and Eritrea. Could I say that should be option six?

  2. ደርቤ ቀጀላ
    | #2

    ፕሮፌሰር ምንጋ

    ብዙ ሀተታ አቅርቦ ተመለክትኩት::
    ኤርትራን ከጠቅላላ ክስረትና ዉድቀት ለማዳንና ያሜሪካንን ጥቅም በአካባቢዉ ለማስቀደም
    በሰሞኑ የሚደረገዉን ሽርጉድ በሰፊዉ ተንትኖዋል:: ተንተናዉ አይከፋም;; ግን የዘነጋው ዋና ጉዳይ አል;;
    በኢትዮጵያዊ አፋር ሕዝብ ኪሳራ የአለም መንግስታትንና ያካባቢዉን ቅጥረኞች ጥቅም ለማስከበር የመካከለኛዉ ምስራቅ ችግር ይዛመታል የሚል ማሰፈራሪያ አቅርቦዋል;;
    ነገር ግን የቅኝ ግዥዎች ስምምነት ኖረ አልኖረ የአፋር ሕዝብን የራስን እድል በራስ መወሰን መብቱን ማንም ቅጥረኛ ሻእቢያ ወያነኔ ትግሬዎች በኢትዮጵያ ሆነ በኤርትራ ዉስጥ ያሉት ሊወስኑ በጭራሽ አይችሉም::
    የአፋር ሕዝብ መሸንሸንና መብት መረገጥ ትንሽ የማይቆረቁራችሁ ያበሻ ሆዳምና ቅጥረኛ ወኔቢስ ሊሂቃን
    የወደብና የደንበር ጭቅጭቃችሁ ከንቱ ዉሃ መዉቀጥ ስለሆነ ተደንሸሩ:: ማንም ማወቅ አለበት::
    አሰብና ምጽዋ የአፋር ሕዝብ ምድር ናቸዉ::
    ለትግሬዎች ምናቸውም አይደለም::
    የጅቡቲ የሱማሌላንድ ነጻ መንግስት እንዳሉ ሁሉ የአፋር ሪፑብሊክ ምጽዋ ዳህላክን ጨምሮ
    ሲመሰረት ከኢትዮጵያ ጋራ የወደብ ስምምነት ያደረጋል::በተረፈ ለኤርትራ ትግሬዎች ጥቅምና ደህንነት ተብሎ የአፋር ሕዝብ መከፋፈልና መበዝበዝ እንደሚያከትም የተረጋገጠ ነዉ:: ምነዉ ፕሮፌሰር የመካከለኛዉ ምስራቅ አደጋ በአፍሪቃ ቅንድ ይስፋፋል እያልክ ታሙርታሉህ
    ይህን ስጋትህን ከወያነእና ሻእቢያ ስበካቸዉ:: አንድ ነገር ላሳዉቅህ:: ኢትዮጵያ ያለ ኤርትራ መኖር ትችላለች::
    ይህም የተየ የተረጋገጠ ነዉ;; ኤርትራ የግላችን ኢትዮጵያ የጋራችን ብለዉ ሲበዘብዙ የንበሩትና ያሉት በከፊል ተሽመድምደዋል;;ከእንግዲህ ወዲያ በምንም አይነት ከነሱ ጋራ አንድነት የሚባል ነገር አይኖርም::
    ኢትዮጳያ እንድነት ከፈለገች ለምን ከኬኒያ: ክከሱማሊያ; ከደቡብ ሱዳን ጋራ እንጂ ከሃማሴን ባንዳ የጣሊያን ሹምባሽ ዉላጆች ጋራ ምንም አይነት ትብብርና ግንኙነት አያስፈልጋትም::
    ወንድማማች ሕዝብ እያሉ ማንዛረጥ ያብቃ;; የባንዳዎች ወንድምነት ባፍንጫችን ይዉጣ;;
    በኤርትራ ቅጥረኞች ምክንያት አይደለም እንዴ የኢትዮጵያ እድገትና ልማት ወደ ሁዋላ የቀረዉ? ሰንት አገር ወዳዳ የረገፈዉ!
    የኤርትራ ርዝራዦች በጥቅላላዉ ተመንጥረዉ ከኢትዮጵያ መባረር አለባቸዉ::
    የኤርትራ መዥገሮችና ችጋራሞች ከኢትዮጵያ ምድር ተለቃቅመዉ ይባረራሉ::
    ጽረ ኢትዮጵያዊዉ ወያኔ ትግሬም ባፍጢሙ ይደፋል::
    ይህም የጊዚ ጉዳይ ብቻ ነዉ:: ማንም ሕይል በምድር ላይ ከቶ አያስጥለዉም::

    ስለዚህ በኣፋር ሕዝብ ነጻነትና ጥቅም ላይ ያበሻ ሆዳም ቡከን የፈረንጅ ተላላኪ ዉሾች መሽራሞጣችሁን ያብቃ!

    ደርቤ ቀጀላ
    ጆሌ ወብራ

  3. Assta B. Gettu
    | #3

    It has been a long time since I have read such a well-crafted article with so many options for both Ethiopia and Eretria to choose from if they want their citizens to prosper economically, socially, and morally. All the different options presented to Ethiopia and Eritrea by various concerned and distinguished scholars deserve our full attentions and critical analyses.

    The main convincing issue in this article for Ethiopia is not Badme but her lack of access to the sea ports – Masswa and Assab. For Eritrea it is Badme and nothing more and nothing less. On the other hand, Ethiopia is also saying, “Badme is mine,” while Eritrea is also saying the same thing. For Eritrea Masswa and Assab are two dead issues and for Ethiopia Badme is a closed case.

    To solve this puzzle, Ambassador Hank Cohen, Ambassador Princeton Lyman, and Washington’s change of heart toward Ethiopia and Eritrea may have contributed their views without revealing their hidden agenda, which is how Ethiopia can avoid her landlocked-ness and how Eritrea could keep Badme as her own piece of land. Foreign advices can, sometimes, be a conundrum or a godena q’ene completely different from wax and gold q’ene. Wax and gold q’ene is very easy to understand; however, godena q’ene needs sophistication and mastery of q’ene to comprehend it. I don’t think some African leaders are capable of dissecting Washington or British politics that have more similarities than differences to the Machiavellian art of politics.

    Eritrea and Ethiopia should not expect Washington, the two distinguished Ambassadors, and the other players on this complex issue – the landlocked-ness of Ethiopia and the Badme affair – will bring them lasting settlements without involving human sacrifices that benefit no one else but the western weapon industries.

    Ethiopians and Eritreans are eternal brothers and sisters: they fought a horrible war against their own people because of their despicable and selfish leaders who care nothing for their people except for their egocentric tendencies.

    These two identical nations can solve their own problems without the interference of any foreign powers and without any treaties negotiated and concluded by the outsiders. We must be patient until we see a regime change in both countries. The time is coming when Eritrea and Ethiopia will be one nation – a Christian nation – under one government and under one flag.

    The Eritrean Christian Church and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church can bring the two Christian countries together if the two regimes stop oppressing the two Christian Churches; especially, the Eritrean Church has been the most persecuted Church in Eritrea by the aging dictator, Isaiah Afewerki, who has detained Abune Antonios of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahido Church, perhaps, for life without a fair trial.

    In other words, the Ethiopian and the Eritrean people should not look to Washington or London to resolve their differences: they must look to their clergies and to their home-grown ሺማግሌዎች (elders), not even to some of the westernized Ethiopian Diasporas who have been trying to bring the Arab Spring to the Christian lands of Eritrea and Ethiopia but without success.

    It is my conviction Eritrea and Ethiopia will never live separated for a long time as soon as new democratic leaders are emerged from both God-loving countries.

  4. Zerayakob Yared
    | #4

    ደርቤ ቀጀላ,

    የምትለውን ነገር ሁሉ ሙሉ ለሙሉ ለመገንዘብህ እጠራጠራለሁኝ::

    ለማንኛውም ግን ላረጋግጥልህ የምወደም ጉዳይ ቢኖር, የትግራይ ህዝብ ጠመንኛ ሲያነሳ ራሱን ከበደሎች ለማላቀቅ እና ለማዳን እንጂ በሌሎች ላይ በደል ይፈፀም ዘንዳ በር ለማስከፈት አልነበረም:: ግን እንግዲህ የታሪክ ሂደት ነገር ጠመዝማዛ እንደመሆኑ መጠን ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥም ከባድ መጥመዝመዝ ተከስቶ ይሄው በአሁኑ ጊዝያቶች ላይ አጠቃላይ የሆነ በደለኛ ሂደት ውስጥ እንገኛለን:: ሌሎችን ሳያጠቁ ከዚህ በደለኛ አዘቅት ውስጥ ተደጋግፎ መወጣትን መምረጡ የተሻለ ነው ባይ ነኝ:: ተስፋ አደርጋለሁኝ አባባሌን በሚቀጥለው መልእክትህ ላይ እንደምትደግፈው…………!

  5. Anonymous
    | #5

    ዉድ ዘርአ ያእቆብ

    በቅድሚያ ሰላምታ አቀርባለሁ::
    የሰጡሁትን አስተያየት በተመለከት ያልተረዳኽኝ በመሆኑ ግልጽ ላድርግልህ::
    እኔ በምንም ተአምር የትግሬን ኢትዮጵያዊ ባላገር ሕዝብ በጅምላ የምጠላና የምኮንን በጭራሽ አይደለሁም::
    ቅጥረኛዉን ወያኔ ትግሬንና ተለጣፊዎቹን ሆዳም ወያኔ አማሮችን: ወያኔ ኦሮሞችን ወዘተርፈ ማለቴ መሆኑ መታወቅ አለበት::
    ሐቀኞቹ የትግሬ ተወላጅ አርበኞች ትናንትም ዛሬም ከጠላት ጋራ በሁሉም መስከ ላገራቸዉ ኢትዮጵያ እየተፋለሙ ነዉ::
    ስለዚህ ጉዳይስ መናገር ኣያስፍልገኝም:: ተግባራቸዉ ምስክር ነዉ:: የጀግኖችን የነ አስግድ ገብረ ስላሰሴን የዚህን ሰሞን ትግል በሺሬ: በመቀሌ: በእንደርታ: በማይጨዉ: ወዘተረፈ ብቻ መልከት አስፈላጊ ነዉ::
    በለሌ በኩልም የትግሬ ክፍለ ሀገር ባላገር ኢትዮጵያዊ ሕዝብ እጅግ በጣም በባሰ አስከፊ ሁኔታ በቅጥረኛ ወያኔ ካድሬዎች ታፍኖ ሰባዊ መብቱ ተረግጦ ቁምስቅሉን በማየት ላይ መሆኑን የማያዉቅ ካለ አንድም የወያኔ ፍርፋሪ ለቃሚ ወይም የጸረ ኢትዮጵያ ቡድን አባል ነዉ::

    ትክክል ነህ ሕዝቡ ወታደራዊ ደርግን ለማስወገድ የከፈለዉ ከፍተኛ መስዋእትነት ተሰርቆ አገራችን የቅጥረኞች መፈንጭያና የባንቱስታን አፓርታይድ የጎሳ ፖለቲካ መድረክ ሆነች እንጂ ፍትሕና ዶሞክራሲያዊ ስራት አልሰፈኑም::
    ወያኔ ቅጥረኛ ቅምጥ በመሆኑ ነዉ ኤርትራ በሕዝብ ድምጸ ዉሳኔ ሽፋን ያስገነጠለዉና ደብዳቤ ጽፎ እወቁልኝ በማለት ያዘጠዘተዉ:: ነገር ግን ያፋር ኢትዮጵያዊ ሕዝብ የራሱን እድል በራሱ የመወሰን መብቱ በወያኔና ሻእቢያን ታግዶ ከሁለት የተከፈለ መሆኑ በምንም አይነት ተቀባይነት አይኖረዉም::
    ስለዚህ ያፋር ሕዝብ መብቱንና ነጻነቱን ለማስከበር የሚደርገዉ ትግል ተገቢና ኣስፈላጊ ነዉ::
    መደገፍና መረዳት አለበት::የምናደርገዉ ድጋፍና ትብብር ወደብ ለማግኘት ሳይሆን ያፋር ወንድሞቻችንን የማይገሰስ የራስን እድል በራስ የመውሰን መብት ለማረጋገጥ ነዉ::
    የሁሉም የኢትዮጵያ ጎሳዎች መብታቸዉ ካልተረጋገጠ በስተቀር በአካባቢዉ ስላምና መረጋጋት: ልማትና አድገት አይኖርም:: በወደብ ኪራይ ብቻ ሲንጋፑር እንሆናለን ብለዉ የቁዋመጡት ከስረዋልል::
    ያለምንም ስራ ቁጭብለን የኢትዮጵያን ሃበት እየዘረፍን እንኖራለን:: የጣሊያን አሽከር ስለንበርን ብቻ ሰልጥነናል::
    ከሌላዉ ኢትዮጵያዊ ሁሉ የተሻልን ነን እያሉ ለሚቃዡት ሁሉ ዘወር በሉ ማለት ይገባል::
    ዘወትር መታለል አያዋጣም:: ወላ ምናችን ሞኝ ነዉ?

    በተረፈ ችር ይግጠመን
    ደርቤ ቀጀላ
    ጆሌ ወበራ

  6. Zerayakob Yared
    | #6

    ወንድም Anonymous aka ደርቤ ቀጀላ,

    ትህትና ለተሞላው መልስህ, ማሳሰብያዎችህ እና አስተያየቶችህ አመሰግናለሁኝ:: መላ ኢትዮጵያውያን እንደ አብነት ወስደውህ ለመግባባት እንጂ ለመናከስ ፍላጎቶች እንደማዝኖርዋቸው ከፍተኛ ተስፋ አለኝ::

    ብቻ አንድ እርማት: የሰውየው ስም አሰግድ ሳይሆን ኣስገደ ነው ትክክለኛው::

    በተረፈ ግን “ዘ ሓበሻ” aka AIGA ፃድቃንን በተመለከተ አፍኖ የያዘውን ለአንተ በማካፈል ለአሁን ልሰናበትህ;

    እንሆ የታፈነው:

    “መንደርተኞች አንሁንና፣ እንዲሁም ናቅፋ-ህንድ ውቅያኖስ ጉዕዞም ይመስክርና፣ የጦር ስልቱን በሚመለከት ሊስቱ ይሄውላችሁ::
    1. ራእሲ ኣሉላ
    2. ደጃት ገብሪሄት
    3. ኣረጋዊ በርሀ
    4. ሓየሎም ኣረአያ
    5. ፃድቃን ገብረተንሳይ
    6. በርሀ „ሻዕቢያ“
    7. All ቆልዓ ትግራይ
    ኣረጋዊ በርሀ በቁጥር 1 መመዝገብ ይገባው ነበር:: ምክኒያቱም that ናቅፋ-ህንድ ውቅያኖስ ጉዕዞ is militarily in his spirit. ግን በወንድሞቹ ላይ ጭካኔ ስላሳየ በቁጥር 3 ልንመዘግበው ተገድደናል

    ፃድቃን ገብረተንሳይ is a great military man. ግን ምን ይሆናል፣ ጭንጋፎች/ባንዶች ከሰራዊቱ ነጠሉት::

    ሃቁ ይሄው ነውና፣ ሃቅን በሃቅነቱ መቀበልን እንልመድ……………………………………………………!”

  7. aha!
    | #7

    All these analyses by previous ambassadors to Ethiopia as regards to the relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea is like the cart before the horse and according to the Ethiopian saying goes “yekotun awerd billa yebibituan talech”. A priori the Ethiopian Government is besieged with ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies which translated into the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or State capitalism that denies the silent majority of Ethiopians free market capitalism, Ethiopian nationalism, its territorial integrity, sovereignty and individual freedom, liberty and equality. This puts the focus of the conflict between Ethiopian Nationalism and Ethnic Federalism, and/or Secessionism/Ethnic nationalism. Eritrea seceded from Ethiopia with that pretext from the colonialist/Imperialist Ethiopia and the TPLF/eprdf regime, which fought against the oppression of nation and nationalities is based on that frame work against the previous regimes which stood for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and its flag. It also embraces the concepts of a prelude to secessionism/Ethnic Nationalism, future boundary conflicts and the prevailing conflicts and human trafficking to a slave labor in the Middle East.

    To reverse those conditions the struggle in addition to what is stipulated above is to ratify the constitution to reflect the individual freedom, liberty and equality as a result of non-violent uprising to economic and political freedom of the individual to people oriented democratic government with the original provincial boundaries and development of the counties resources along ecological regions, rather than ethnic regions, while negotiating the access to sea through the United Nations to set conditions for Eritreans as a federated state as one democratic Nation State called Ethiopia. This line of approach would pre-empt all the analyses put forth by either side, because the previous war with Derg regime of ex-liberation fronts ended up seceding of Eritrea up to independence with resulting boundary dispute and loosing the ports to Ethiopia, and yet created a joint exploitation of Ethiopia by EPLF and TPLF ex-liberation fronts/Politbeurros. When that did not work out they separated along continued border disputes, which cost a lot of lives and lack of ownership of ports to either one or two of the ports by Ethiopia. Those arguments being the major contention points, the Eritrean Leadership would have to have abandon its territorial claim according to colonial demarcation and relinquish at least the Assab port to Ethiopia and stand on its own economically for any kind of neighborly relations, absent the current secenario of the TPLF/eprdf regime, where TPLF is the polit-beurro, dominated by Eritrean born top officials or the previous joint exploitation of Ethiopia by TPLF and EPLF and current ex-apartheid style of crony capitalism by TPLF/Political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations engaged in the exploitation, economic and political strangle of the countries resources and the silent majority of Ethiopians. Or the Eritreans rise up in a non-violent uprising from dictatorship to joint Ethiopia under Ethiopian Nationalism, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians to save Ethiopia from disintegration and constant skirmishes of war of secessionism and/or boder disputes and ethnic cleansing.

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