THE KLEAVEREST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD: THE UNITED STATES By Tecola W. Hagos

July 4th, 2014 Print Print Email Email

General

I often wonder how wonderful it would be to write on a piece of paper some statement of promise to pay at some later date and get the goods and services one wants from vendors and stores. This is not the same as using credit cards or bank issued checks. It is highly unlikely that any vendor or store owner would allow me to get goods and services on the basis of passing a simple statement on paper as my payment arrangement. I might even get arrested for trying or asking for such ludicrous business transactions. I might even be considered as someone mentally challenged and even worse as an economic terrorist, especially so at a time if one farts loud is a terrorist treat.

When I reflect upon how nations/states interact with each other promoting their economy, political goals, and hegemony, I find one country exceptionally proficient in pursuing such goals: the United States of America. If there is a second, it is a distant second by light years. My observation is based purely on my own way of understanding, I have identified the United States as the “Kleverest” State in the World. There is a play on the word “clever” in the superlative in my using it with a “K”. The Amharic translation of the word “clever” as “ብልጣ ብልጥ” would have been even closer to my meaning, but then most of its essence would be lost in transcribing in Geez Alphabet my translation.

There are two areas of activities, activities that truly matter, in international relations that the United States has distinguished itself without peers: 1) in projecting raw military power into the world, 2) in using other peoples’ wealth (managing economic wealth), and thereby creating acceptability and admiration warts and all, the envy of many.

Projection of Raw Power

Here in this section, I am not concerned just about the fire-power per se of the United States, but on the holistic strategy of the art of war. The great military strategist Sun Tzu (from ancient China) in Chapters 2 and 11 (the nine situations) states that fighting in one’s own territory is not a good strategy such that “[w]hen a chieftain is fighting in his own territory, it is dispersive ground situation.” In other words, it is least desirable and least advantageous to engage the enemy in one’s own territory. We may think such strategy to be commonsensical, but the reality on the ground in our modern world shows otherwise, in that it is only exceptional nations that have a good grasp of that strategic foundational concept.

The United States succeeded in moving the new battlefield with the USSR after the end of the Second World War to Western Europe and gradually to the former Soviet Bloc countries right under the nose of present day Russia. In fact, it is a documented fact that before the end of the Cold War in the 1980s, the USSR concentrated its resources to counter such imbalance of strategic advantage created by the United States, by developing highly accurate and fast moving intercontinental ballistic nuclear tipped/armed multiple targeted missile system based mainly in the USSR territory. Nevertheless, such USSR/Russian strategy still fails the test of the “nine strategies” from Sun Tzu. From public statements in research papers and books, the United States has far more sophisticated weapon systems and air command, and sea raw power than Russia can muster. I know that it is the people that fight wars and not so much weapon systems. But no one should undermine the military power of the United States.

According to the statement coming from the Defense and State Departments, the United States has military forces deployed in varying size in about one hundred fifty countries that are also members of the United Nations. And each deployment is a possible battle front far from the United States itself. For example, Russia, one of the main targeted enemy of the United States, is surrounded by the military might of the United States including nuclear weapon systems a few hundred miles from the Russian border. And this aggressive deployment is in addition to the nuclear submarines and warships that have infested the nearby seas whose tidal waves leak Russian coasts, such as the North Sea and the Black Sea, and a little further the Mediterranean Sea, and the North Atlantic Ocean. Any such nuclear missile launched from such submarines and warships could reach Moscow in matters of minutes. By contrast, Russian main force and most of its nuclear ballistic missiles are based within Russia and if triggered in time of war would take long time to reach the United States. This means the first strike by the Russians would necessarily be targets in Europe and not targets the United States. Of course, it is insane for any country to engage in nuclear war.

Do not read me wrong, for the United States Government has been making monumental mistakes in its international policies starting with its incredibly shortsighted error against the newly independent Haiti that just overthrew a primitive slave-plantation brutally oppressive system in 1804. To date, the United States Government has been on the wrong side of history in numerous occasions including its very recent monumental error siding with Ukraine Nazi oriented rebellion rather than working with Russia to bring about a degree of harmonious change through economic and social collaboration with Russia. The United States has also supported brutal regimes around the world such as that of Saudi Arabia, undermining the United States’ own national commitment to democratic form of government and respect and safeguarding of human rights. I could say a lot more on such policy failures, but the issue is on how the United States’ strategy of war is far superior to any other country’s military strategy.

Using Other Peoples’ Wealth

Debt driven economy is the hallmark of the United States’ economy (economic dynamo). The United States has perfected the art of using and consuming other nations’ wealth, goods and services through huge debts. No other country in the world is using the wealth of the world almost exclusively to benefit its own citizens at great cost to the rest of the world’s peoples as much as the United States does every single day, year in year out, with no end in sight. How does such a relatively young nation out smart nations much older than its mere two hundred years of international prominence? Almost all Asian and European countries and some African countries are much older than the United States.

The United States sells treasury bills/bonds worth billions of dollars each year to a number of long term customers such as Japan, China, Saudi Arabia, et cetera. To date the United States debt tops seventeen trillion dollars. It is quite logical for a country like Saudi Arabia, which has the worst political and social conditions since its birth as a country in the 1940s, to park its jackpot winnings (petrodollar) somewhere where the social and political condition is stable. Nations like Japan and China are too eager to find a huge market to sell their products that they failed to realize the absurd reality of holding to a stack of paper is not equivalent to sinking one’s teeth into real hamburger. In fact, it seems almost all countries in the world are export oriented. That is fine, for international trade promotes development and peace. But it has also a dark side of creating corruption and flight of hard currency out of the local economy to the detriment of the economic wellbeing of the local population.

In absolute terms, the fact is that at any particular date and time China and Japan have in their possession a pile of paper that states the United States owes those countries billions of dollars, but the intrinsic value of the paper itself is insignificant less than hundred dollars. Mind you that the reality of any such moment is the fact that the United States is benefiting its people in terms of real goods and services that one can find people in the United States driving fantastic cars, living in spacious well-appointed houses and apartments, in well maintained urban settlements where one finds stores overflowing with produces, where they have great buildings, great infrastructure all built by funds that is borrowed et cetera. Now, judge for yourself, who is the smarter one the one who is sitting on a stake of paper with intrinsic value of less than a hundred dollars or the one that is eating real food, drives real cars, lives in real homes etcetera?

One must reflect on such processes very carefully where a nation is drowning in foreign debts and still draws the political and economic strings of the nations of the world as if they are marionettes. What I find incredible and beyond my comprehension is the fact that billions of people given a choice would migrate to the United States. There must be something of great value in the United States that people from all over the world seek beyond or above mere monetary wealth.

Conclusion

Most human beings would choose even a life of suffering than no life at all. I am very pragmatic about life this late in my life. There are those who claim that perception is all that matters. Even though I appreciate the concern that such folks have when they reduced all of our human experience as sense induced or sense circumvented, I prefer to look a bit deeper than such surface phenomenon and see grooves and deeply cut trenches of the mind where something far more fundamental even foundational may be a reality that ties us all in a shared human imprinting. I see human beings acting even in the most remote situation in a markedly similar form. One such reality is that human life reinvents itself wherever threatened by deteriorating human social norms.

I find this to be true throughout recorded history all down to our own time. In my life time, I have seen or read about hundreds of such incidents of dynamic upsurge of human activities to invigorate our social life here and there a lot more often than most of us recognized the processes for we often consider such process as a struggle for political power. The current ISIS movement that is sweeping over the Middle East like wild forest-fire is a good example how our deeply seated human “nature” could force us to react with sweeping boldness to preserve such fundamental and foundational values. But the ISIS movement is “small potatoes” when we put things in perspective, for the whole world is undergoing subtle but profound sweeping change.

What is the moral of my essay, for it stands to reason that there are numerous analogies that we can draw for the benefit of an emerging Ethiopia by reflecting on the dynamic life of the United States and many other nations around the world. When confronted with absolutist arguments, as I am often accosted by some insipid Diasporas who seem to inhabit the subterranean world of poison tipped dart throwers hiding behind false names, I remember the fact that too is a form of struggle, but of diminished effectiveness. The Ethiopian Government and we the people of Ethiopia could learn a lot from the experiences of the United States. Huge debt is not a bad thing in all situations. And being Klever as the Government of the United States could easily transform the condition of poverty and underdevelopment in Ethiopia. Thus, we ought to be focusing on being Klever rather than focusing on acquiring ethnic based political power.

Viva National Public Debt!

Tecola W. Hagos
July 4, 2014

  1. Alem
    | #1

    As every one except Tecola knows the 4th of July is a day Americans declared their independence from British domination. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” Now consider, dear reader, how things are run in Ethiopia against the quote above. In simple terms, Tecola has more rights and access to privileged information than most of us.

    I am embarrassed that Tecola could speak of the indebtedness of Ethiopia and the United States in the same breath. He must have conveniently forgotten how 31 billions of aid money later majority Ethiopians are worse off in terms of their human rights and their general welfare. Tens of thousands flee their own country at every opportunity. EFFORT is a conglomerate owned and operated by minority Tigrayans and exists as a government within a government. The deaths of 70,000 youths for no reason during the war between Eritrea and Ethiopia is never discussed. Who is responsible for such a heinous crime? I can’t understand how he could say so publicly “the Ethiopian Government and we the people of Ethiopia.”

    The issue of the day is the legality of the handing over by the Yemenis of a British-Ethiopian leader of the opposition Ginbot 7. Though I am opposed to Ginbot 7 and its alliance with Eritrea it is appalling that Tecola has chosen to ignore such a brazen act in contravention of international law. Tecola the lawyer is yet to learn the ethics of defending the human rights of someone he may not necessarily agree with. Instead we see him come up with another of his distractions.

    He [along with Drs. Ghelawdewos and Teodros] is yet to respond to my question if he ever received gifts [monetary or in kind] from Ethiopian rulers. I did say “no response” will amount to a “yes”. His first reaction was to label me Shabia. I take it he meant the light my inquiry shed on a secretive matter of this nature could only have come from an insider [i.e. a Shabia]. While I am at it I want to appreciate Dr. Teodros for his quick response that he has not been a beneficiary of such a scheme.

    Tecola has once again showed us where his true allegiances are. He does not foresee other than a minority Tigrayan group at the helm. Perhaps a better way to describe it is a government run by Tigrayans and those others [like Hailemariam] they handpick for powerless and token positions. In other words, no voting that allowed citizen participation that could result in removal of incumbents. The state is all we will have for some time to come; and a “developmental state” that legislated development; no criticism or else. That is what Tecola was saying when he
    recommended the court system is the best route to rectifying injustices and that no peaceful demonstrations should be tolerated. Residing in free America Tecola has the temerity to preach Ethiopia’s development and court system are worth comparing. Deception and distraction.

    ps: I know he meant to say “clever” as “ብልጣ ብልጥ”; “cleaver” on the other hand is a butcher’s blade for chopping meat – not a big deal as he was trying to explain war. It is revealing, nonetheless, of a thought process.

  2. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #2

    First of all, thank you Alem for the spelling correction in the title as well as in the body of my essay. I meant “clever” as you pointed out; thus, “Kleverest” would have been the right derivation. Though not an excuse, that type of error happens when one writes essays in between grading papers of Summer students late into the night.

    I had no idea what happened to Ginbot-7 leader’s arrest or extradition when I wrote my essay. Yes it should be discussed as a human rights issue. The rest of your statement is not worth responding to; you write about individuals instead of focusing on issues. You should know that you have no monopoly on Ethiopian patriotism. I cherish Ethiopia, all of Ethiopia, because it is my heritage created and maintained in freedom and sovereignty by my ancestors for thousands of years. They were mostly Agew as most Ethiopians are. And You keep writing with obsession about “Tygrians did this, Tygrians did that,” which is a mark of your narrow ethnic outlook without understanding that political power in the Ethiopian setting has no true ethnic identity, just that leaders use it to maintain power bases with no other organic valuation. What is the ethnic identity of Meles, Mengistu, Haile Selassie, Minilik, Yohannes, Tewodros et cetera? And for your information, Tygreans are relatively new to the political power game starting around the time of Emperor Amedetsion, that is when they appeared in historical records of Agame area.

    Most important of all, disclose yourself fully and let us know who you are, and do not be this fearful. You are not that important to be in camouflage.

    Tecola W. Hagos

  3. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #3

    I really commend the writer of this article for finally coming out. Nothing is wrong with that. But it rather left befuddled by the way he has to answer his service far and beyond the call of duty by comparing one diminutive economy with a behemoth one like the US. I will have no qualms if the current ‘booming’ economy back home is happening on borrowed money even though portion of it ended up lining pockets of the well connected as this was mentioned by the regime’s own official. I think this is one of his ways of getting noticed. Good for you dear professor.

  4. Dawi
    | #4

    As Alem pointed out, I was going to let this one go quietly in respect to Endargachew who is one of the most sound and articulate opposition alive to former Meles and TPLF/EPRDF;

    Having said that, as we don’t know when the above article was written there is no reason to connect the two however, since you – Alem brought it up, how about sharing your view on Ginbot 7 chairman.

    [[..We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”..]]

    The Prof. and you also know that when Americans declared their independence in 1776 the “pursuit of happiness” which is the pursuit and accumulation of private property happened not to include the likes of you two. :-) In other words it was for everyone—except slaves, Native Americans, and women who had the freedom to pursue…..

    As we talked about it elsewhere, despite being the richest country on earth, it is only a very small percentage (1%) of the U.S. population that owns the majority of the wealth of the country. The fact is the Reganite’s “trickle down economy” is only expressed by more and more people “trickling down” into poverty. What good is that?

    As a long history of panics and depressions show us, financial markets gravitate to towards instability. Government intervention is necessary to save capitalism itself from periodic collapses with devastating human consequences. In contrast, the Developmental State of Ethiopia is doing the same intervention there and one of its legs is EFFORT in my opinion.
    What is wrong with that?

    Many talk about EFFORT as if it is worst than say MEDREK run by one man or other capitalist enterprises run by some freak individual? Regardless of their ethnicity, compare them to that of Alamudi or any individual multi billionaires redirecting “surplus”; Who do you suppose would do the right thing? I don’t know about you but to me the answer is clear as the sky.

  5. Selamta
    | #5

    ‘Huge debt is not a bad thing in all situations.’

    The writer’s attempt to draw an analogy between the United States economy and Ethiopian debt is ludicrous and rubbish. First of all, the debt figure involved in the United States is tiny compared to its GDP. Second, the US gross debt is balanced by the increasing foreign holdings of treasury securities and can theoretically be paid off with government spending cuts and higher tax receipts. Thirdly, the United States has a wide range of safety nets for its citizens and also protects its agricultural markets so the agribusinesses remain stable and Americans are ensured a steady supply of affordable food.

    For poor countries like Ethiopia, the debt figures are a matter of life and death for they have to sacrifice health and education spending and prioritize on debt repayment. To raise foreign exchange and pay off our debts to China, IMF and the World Bank, TPLF is currently selling/leasing our God’s given natural resources (fertile agricultural land, urban land, genetic resources, mining fields, etc.) to foreign investors at an alarming low rates and, thereby displacing hundreds and thousands of indigenous population and depleting nonrenewable resources for use by future generations. Similarly, Ethiopia has been forced to open its markets and integrate itself into the world market, leading to dumping and flooding of Chinese cheap products, driving local people out of businesses and livelihoods.

    I have no objection to encouraging the diaspora to buy the GERD bonds, but praising Ethiopia’s public debt as a good thing is a pure unadulterated bull manure.

  6. Alem
    | #6

    1. You say I “write about individuals instead of focusing on issues” and yet you want to know who I am instead of focusing on the points I am making. You could figure me out from my name and my comments.
    2. I had hoped you would remember from previous comments that when I refer to Tigrayans I mean those in power. For example, Tedros Adhanom is not the best qualified to run Foreign Affairs; he trained as infectious diseases specialist and presided over a Ministry [of Health] that was a den of thieves. In other words, he was appointed to the present post on account of being a Tigrayan. Take DebreTsion over Economy, Finance, Telecom, Security, Power; you think that is fair to the country and its peoples? Take Tewolde at Ethiopian Airlines. I don’t know how familiar you are with managing organizations but the three individuals mentioned are there because they happened to be Tigrayans. I assure you there are better qualified Ethiopians [irrespective of their ethnicity].
    3. We all belong to multiple ethnicities as you rightly indicated. I doubt there are Ethiopians belonging to one ethnic group. Need I remind you that the policy of ethnicizing politics was introduced by Tigrayans [TPLF] in order to divide, weaken and rule?
    4. Now that you know about the Yemeni handling of a British-Ethiopian opposition leader I expect you as a lawyer to lead the charge [including injustices against Eskinder Nega, Reeyot Alemu, etc]. Other pressing issues are: how to bring to justice those responsible for the deaths of 70,000 youths, deaths of 70 university students in Ambo, the illicit transfer of 16 billions as reported by Office of Global Financial Integrity, the deepening corruption, Tigrayans running businesses in every killil and the rest confined to their killil [hardly any allowed in Tigray. As a lawyer and a patriot you should spearhead an advocacy group of concerned and professional citizens by lodging complaints in International Court, etc. I remember you doing a good job during Eritrea-Ethiopia border disputes.
    5. Do you deliberately not answer questions thrown at you? Why is it you refuse the public access to materials locked up in a website bearing your name? Are there things you don’t want the public to see?
    @Tecola W. Hagos

  7. aha!
    | #7

    From the stand point of syllogism: if the premise is wrong so is the conclusion. At the outset you used the concepts: “Nations/States” as alternates. Nations represents the “nations and nationalities” of nine ethnic federalism/ethnic homelands in the Ethiopian context and state/provinces represent the original fourteen sates/provinces in the Ethiopian context of one nation state of the Derg Military dictatorship and previous monarchy, which stood for the unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ethiopia, unlike the current regime with ethnic agenda and ethnic dictatorship with ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and state capitalism as ideologies built into the constitution as bases from which to draw parallel with that of the United States of America and its constitution. In of itself, the strive for Ethiopia is that of one nation state with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians with federated autonomous states of the original states/provinces with assorted ethnic groups with individual freedom, liberty and equality to exceed ethnic and secessionist rights to approximate the constitution of the United States of America, but not blurring the struggle in Ethiopia is between Ethiopian Nationalism Ethnic federalism and or Ethnic Secessionism/Nationalism by equating the concepts of Nations and nationalities/ethnic federalism and states/state federalism that have been accrued over time by integrating the territories/not ethnic homelands into the original 13 states as autonomous states each with its own constitution with independent branches of government.

  8. chagni
    | #8

    “Agew libu zetegn, simintun debiko andun bicha setegn”

  9. Teodros Kiros
    | #9

    Thanks for an enlightening article with a distinct voice and written at an appropriate time. I am much informed by your views.

  10. Tesfaye
    | #10

    Tecola says..
    “First of all, thank you Alem for the spelling correction in the title as well as in the body of my essay. I meant “clever” as you pointed out; thus, “Kleverest” would have been the right derivation.
    As one has mentioned it sometime ago, Tecola is doing a nice job of his assignment from Woyane regime to distract the Diaspora from focusing on useful discussions that are relevant today in Ethiopia. The delebrate distortion of facts and attention robbing articles by the supposedely professor is a sign of sickness. according to Tecola, He does that spelling mistake bacuase he was writing essays in between grading papers of Summer students late into the night. grading a paper will not be a good excuse at all. What a foolish, cunning and shallow excuse from the so called “Master thinker Law Proffesor.” A law proffesor that does not differntiate between clever and cleaver should be ashamed of himeself. as a law proffesor he should know the language better.

  11. Dawi
    | #11

    [[.. from previous comments that when I refer to Tigrayans I mean those in power......., Tedros Adhanom .... Take DebreTsion over Economy, Finance, Telecom, Security, Power; you think that is fair ?]]

    Alem – I don’t know if you are naïve of something but what does any of these got to do with fairness? Why are you pretending that we have a mature or immature democracy to begin with? We absolutely don’t.

    We don’t have a democracy like Kenya or the Philippines where corruption thrives, infrastructure is in bad shape compare situations like in Taiwan, South Korea or Singapore who have autocracies’ [like EPRDF wants to be when it grow up] in the respective countries, which made it possible to have speedy infrastructure and economical development. So the criteria of the officials selected has to adhere to EPRDF autocracy nothing more.

    So what does fairness got to do with it my Brother?

  12. chagni
    | #12

    Tesfaye, you are silly. Don’t blame the good professor or proffesor, the spell checker doesn’t recognize Kleaver or Klever since he was working backwards from the derivative to the root word. Don’t bemoan this Master thinker, you sound like a grumpy adult who is part of the “old school” part of our population that was taught spelling in middle school.

  13. aha!
    | #13

    On the second aspect of this article, which Selamta tried to make an inference as a comparison between Ethiopia’s debt burden in relation to that of the United states. I do not know what to make of it other than to say that you are trying to express your admiration for the United States ability to project power and using other peoples wealth to run the government and the economy. I wonder which country does not what corporation and what individual does not to up lift one own standing in a society. What I understand is country’s corporations and individuals have to establish their credit standing to borrow money to run their business. You may have wise to say that there is more innovations happen in the United States and the credit system, buy now and pay latter may have its in the United States, whether for consumer credit or for businesses of start up companies or otherwise, while in Ethiopia it is only the TPLF/eprdf regime and the TPLF/political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises and cadres that have the borrowing capacity, but not the silent majority of Ethiopians who do not enjoy free market capitalism with private land ownership as one of the means of production including capital/credit, labor and machinery.

  14. Dawi
    | #14

    The other thing I need to add is EPRDF’s foreign policy, national security, Airlines are second to none and the envy of other developing countries if you ask me; its leadership must have something to do with that. Don’t you think?

    Tedros “trained as infectious diseases” or HD as engineer or president Mulatu & Debersion PHD of something only shows they are disciplined individuals. I have to say Tedros is well accepted in the West, John Kerry seems to “love him” as one. That helps to get his way in the US. just did a great job with Egypt. What more do you want man? Who else is more qualified if I may ask?

    Besides, why shouldn’t we have people in science as politicians? I think EPRDF having some is not their weakness at all.

    BTW, Singapore had a candidate for president named Tony Tan, who has a Ph.D. in applied mathematics. Tan won the very close election and joined the government of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, who also has a degree in mathematics. China has even more scientists in key positions in the government. President Hu Jintao was trained as a hydraulic engineer and Premier Wen Jiabao as a geomechanical engineer. In fact, eight out of the nine top government officials in China are known to have scientific background.

  15. chagni
    | #15

    I personally don’t see a problem with politicians having a science background as long as they are surrounded by the right team. To me, lawyers are the worst professional screwmasters.

  16. AMEN MERHATSION
    | #16

    HISTORICAL SERIES
    PART I SERIES I
    AGEW IS STILL THE MAIN STOCK OF ETHIOPIC PEOPLES.
    ETHIOPIC PEOPLES AS REPRESENTED BY THE TIGRES FOR
    THE FIRST A MILLENIA AND HALF AND AS REPRESENTED
    BY THE AMHARA ( AN OFFSHOOT OF THE LARGER TIGRE )
    IS AN ADMIXTURE OF TWO HAMITIC HUMAN RACES WHO TRACE
    THEIR HISTORY TO TWO DIFFERENT SOURCES ACCORDING TO
    HISTORICAL ANTROPOLOGY OF THE RACIAL IDENTITY OF THE
    ETHIOPIAC PEOPLES.
    THE FIRST HISTORICAL FACT NARRATES THE ORIGIN OF ETHIOPIC
    PEOPLES IS FROM THE BIGGER CONFEDERATION OF TRIBES CALLED
    BEJA OF THE LAND OF NUBIA.
    THE BEJAS WHO CALL THEIR LAND NUBIA SAY THEY ARE THE
    ANCESTORS OF THE TIGRE THROUGH THE AGEW WHO FLOURISHED
    AROUND LAKE TSANA AND SENNAR AND CALL THEIR HOMELAND
    THE LAND OF ZANA.AND WHICH IN TURN THE AGEW GAVE RISE
    (AS ANCESTORS)TO TIGRE PEOPLE.
    SO BEJA========>AGEW===========>TIGRE…………NATION
    (NUBIA) (ZANA) (TIGRE)……….LAND
    THE AGAW CIVILIZATION FLOURISHED AROUND ZANA UNDER THEIR FAMOUS
    KING CALLED BA ZANA / BAZENA COMMONLY KNOWN AS EZANA IN LATER
    DAYS.

  17. aha!
    | #17

    aMEN @ #16: is it not sufficient to say that Ethiopia is a mixture of Nilotic, Cushitic, hematic and sematic races, which bears the name Abyssinia and later on Ethiopia, if it is to counter the argument of ex-liberation fronts of the TPLF/eprdf regime against oppression of nations and nationalities by regimes in the last the last 100 years. If that is not the context under which this commentary is put forward, what is the relevance of the commentary to this article.

  18. Dawi
    | #18

    Prof. Tecola said:

    [[..The Ethiopian Government and we the people of Ethiopia could learn a lot from the experiences of the United States. Huge debt is not a bad thing in all situations. And being Klever as the Government of the United States could easily transform the condition of poverty and underdevelopment in Ethiopia...]]

    If we are talking about emulating then why not emulate the best? Unfortunately, United States does not come first in such endeavors. With all its draw backs EPRDF is trying to emulate the best of the Asian Tigers.

    There are United Nations reports that has confirmed the success of the East Asian economies can be replicated by other developing countries. That was what Meles’s forte was, developmental state theory as it applied in the African context.

    State directed is the key is not just an East Asian creation; it is similar to Europeans mercantilism in the early 19th century. State intervention therefore, is not unique to East Asia but a universal thing to all of the successful economies at early stages of their industrialization. The US’s present situation as the Prof. observed and others like England are the beneficiaries of that.

    So if we accept state intervention as a universal phenomena, EPRDF emulating the East Asian model should be applauded. At least we should all agree that is not their weakness.

    Studies indicate that Singapore’s GDP per capita in purchasing power parity terms at U.S. $56,532 in 2010, ahead of Norway, the United States and Hong Kong. Singapore is expected to maintain its high ranking through 2050, followed by neighbors Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea.

    Measuring such factors as the complexity of procedures needed in starting a business, enforcing contracts and registering property, Singapore came in first ahead of its neighbor Hong Kong, with the United States ranking fourth.

  19. Tazabi
    | #19

    WELL THIS IS NOT POLITICAL BUT HISTORICAL SERIES
    OF FACTS. AND I GUESS THE WRITER WANTS TO PUT
    @aha!#17
    FACTS IN THE RIGHT PERSPECTIVE WHICH OFTEN ARE
    MISUNDERSTOOD BY MANY AS A RESULT OF THEIR POLI-
    TISIZATION OF THEM.
    OFTEN TIMES THE PROBLEM WE HAVE IS NOT DUE TO THE PRESENCE
    OF ETHNICITY AND NATIONALITY BUT LACK OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE
    DELIBERATE POLITISIZATION OF THEM BY REGIMES AND THEIR PRO-
    PAGANDA MACHINERIES FOR CENTURIE OR DECADES WITHOUT PEOPLE
    KNOWING AND DISCUSSING THEM.SO TPLF/EPRDF REGIME BROUGHT IT
    TO THE FORE IT ONLY BROUGHT HALF OR LESS PART OF THE WHOLE
    STORY WITHOUT HAVING THE WHOLE PICTURE ONLY A LITTLE AND OFTEN
    INCORRECT KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE WHOLE AND ITS WRONG IMPLEMENTATION
    JUST ONLY DESIGNED FOR ITS POLITICAL SURVIVAL. MUDDYING THE WHOLE
    BODY OF WATER .
    Another thing worth considering is also we are in a form of democratic
    struggle which is open as contrasted to closed systems. So such touch
    and leave gives only more chance to those with inadequate knowledge or
    to those who thrive on chaos( yeGebeya Girgir ) type of political and
    social environment to thrive.And more damage to the orderly and true way.
    So it was/is either to not start or raise it at all….or if you do to
    deal with it fully and openly.

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