The Ethiopians and their recent history. By Yilma Bekele

October 30th, 2014 Print Print Email Email

We all repeat by rot that our country is three thousand years old. It has always been like that ever since I remember. Not a single year more or one day less. I doubt anyone knows the details but we all seem to be happy repeating that mantra. I am not going to argue nor go on a fishing expedition to prove it right or wrong. To tell you the truth I am very comfortable with that aspect of our history. We are poor, when it comes to technology we are very backward, we still experience real famine and we are at the bottom of every index that measures human development but my dear friends that three thousand years figure is the only thing that keeps our head up and our spirit soaring and that is perfectly fine with me.

It is only when it comes to recent history our problem rears its head. When I say recent I am really talking about yesterday regarding things that happened when most of us are around to witness. Calling it history is a little presumptuous but due to lack of a good term let us call it immediate history. It is unfortunately true that times have not been good to us or we haven’t been good at making a history that our children would be proud of. For some reason we stopped being in charge of deciding our fate and making history as it has been done by those that came before us. Our bragging rights for the three thousand years is resting on shaky ground when it comes to this generation.

We are all free to pick a date and year to signify our trip down but after a lengthy debate with myself I have decided December 1960 to be the exact month and year we abdicated responsibility and took a leave of absence from making history. It has never been the same since then. We have showed signs of life only twice after that but overall we have been on hibernation. This is not the first time such things have happened in our three thousand year old history. You can actually pinpoint the few brilliant moments when we have woken up and stirred to make a difference but I would say the vast majority of the time we choose to be not involved and always let whoever was in charge do what they want.

December 1960 was the first time in our recent past the brothers Mengistu and Germame Neway attempted to make history. We refer to it as the Tahesas Gereger. I guess Gereger is what would be called chaos in the English language. It is a perfect description to what happened at the time. Absolute chaos reigned and change did not take place. After the dust settled things went back to what it was before and we all went back to sleep. Absolutely nothing happened. The Emperor went back to his old ways, the landlords continued their abuse of the ninety nine percent and the sun dimmed a little to help us sleep better.

The next time we stirred from our slumber was around 1974 when we woke up with convulsion. You notice we just don’t wake up in a slow controlled manner but rather we flex our legs and hands in a violent manner and jump out indicating we are rising up from a nightmare. Do you think going to bed with an empty stomach does that to us? That definitely is not a good way to regain conscience from a deep sleep. That is always why we end up being hazardous to ourselves and all those around us. No one is safe from an Ethiopian that opens his eye from a deep sleep.

Our recent attempt to wake up from our short nap took place in November of 2005. It was a little different from times before. For some reason we stirred in a careful and deliberate manner. I have no explanation why but it was definitely not as violent and destructive as before. It was controlled and Zen like accompanied with soft music and bright smiles. Hey we thought we are entering a new phase and it felt different. There was no Gereger, no wild drunken moves with signs of hangover anywhere to witness. Observers of our violent past were actually beginning to write about a new chapter in the life of the Abyssinian. It was not to be. We only licked half the problem. You know us, we love leaving things undone and unfinished.

Dear reader, please notice there is always another force that is always waiting around the corner when we are trying to wake up. The force is always sinister and negative by nature. In 1960 the Emperor with his landowners were the dark force. In 1974 the Derg with Sargent Mengistu were the dark knights. In 2005 the TPLF with evil Meles and his TPLF Politburo were waiting with bayonets at the ready. All three attempts to bring change ended up with acts of untold cruelty and real damage to our people and country. Please also notice that it was never an outside power that stands against our sincere attempt to build a just and harmonious society. Most other country’s history is full of their struggle against outsiders that try to control and subjugate them. Our Ethiopian history is a little different, we are our worst enemy. Our history is full of atrocity committed by no other than one of our won against the rest of us.

This weekend is the ninth anniversary of November 2nd and 3rd 2005 massacre by Meles Zenawi’s private troops of peaceful protesters in the aftermath of the 2005 election. According the report by the wonderful and brave commission led by Judge Woldemichael Meshesha one hundred ninety three Ethiopians were brutally murdered by Meles Zenawi and his TPLF party solders. We have the names of all those that lost their lives so a few could stay in power.

It happened just yesterday. The parents, sisters and brothers that were murdered by the ruthless regime are still with us. We have their names, pictures, their date of birth and their address. They are not imaginary people but real Ethiopians that were murdered in broad daylight to keep a few Woyane’s in power. None were armed. Do you know any Ethiopian that even holds a few minutes of silent remembrance for these brave souls that went out to protest the theft of their vote? Do you for a second stop what you doing to think of them and why they died?
No we do not. We have no planed special anniversary to honor those who stood for our liberty. We do not fly our flag half-mast to remember our heroes. We do not write poetry to think of these extraordinary heroes. We do not have literature to teach our children what happened nine years ago and instill in their head the importance of the actions of those that dared to challenge dictatorship.

I guess we don’t find it significant. Even those of us that claim to be aware are too busy talking our mouth off about Woyane atrocity today without bothering to honor those that fought yesterday against the same abuser. The Jews remind us of the Holocaust, the Palestinians don’t forget Al Nafka or the catastrophe, the Americans keep a flame burning for 9/11 and the Ethiopians get upset when reminded of November. Why do you bring negativity, isn’t it better to forget some say. Those that did the crime want us to be a people without a memory and those that suffered accommodate without question. If we don’t think of it, it did not happen is the conclusion.

You know what I think? I believe we like being victims. We go the extra mile to recite all the atrocity Woyane is doing to our people so that we can hate some more. Is it because we are looking for sympathy? Is it to show our helplessness and elicit some pity? No one goes to great length like an Ethiopian to dig all the crimes done against them. We are like a bottom less pit fishing for story to tell about the cruel nature of Woyane. In fact we step over each other to see who would come up with the most horrific story to show what a monster Woyanes’ are. We are so frightened of the TPLF party that we end up frightening all those around us.

Thus you open our wonderful Websites that chronicle history as it happens and you want to close it fast. They are all full of horror stories in a never ending manner. If a being arrives from outer space and visit our pages I have no doubt the amount of self-flagellation would make their stomach churn with pain. It is a never ending report of what they are doing to us in graphic detail. The question to ask is how could we do this to ourselves? What exactly are we trying to accomplish by reciting the bravery, cruelty, cunningness of the enemy? If the purpose is to make us hate Woyane isn’t there a limit to how much hate one can accommodate without it turning to fear? How many ways can I hate thee is a good question?

The same being from outer space would ask isn’t there something this people are capable of doing? Glancing from our news and literature that information is hard to come by. It is buried deep and a few scattered here and there. How could people survive three thousand years with such disposition about life is the next question to ask. Well truth be told despite the many that get overtaken by a few weak and feeble there seems to be plenty brave souls among us that manage to keep the ship sail in stormy weathers.

That is the reason we still talk of three thousand years of history. The flickers of the bright light that shine intermittently is what keeps the story intact. Oh yes we have seen many flickers throughout history. The Holy Bible is full of allusions to our existence before Christ, the Holy Koran gives testimonial to our bravery, piety and generosity. Those three instances I mentioned earlier are recent flickers of our never ending quest to add on the glorious past. We are at it again stirring from a tiny little nap since 2005. You might not notice it due to the naysayers’ noise but it is there gathering momentum and all you got to do is listen with your ears open and cancel the shouts of defeatism.

Listen to the braves of Semayawi Party gathering the young and restless, pay attention to Andenet Party re-inventing itself from turmoil, observe OLF refusing to die, watch the forces of Ginbot7, Patriotic Front and Amhara Forces realigning in perfect harmony and my friend you can’t help but see the flicker of light getting brighter. Of course if you don’t want to see it, you would rather insistently talk about abuse and concoct story of a dying spent negative force like the TPLF no one can stop you. I am tired and bored of your recital of abuse. I would rather discuss my own positive growth and nurture the emerging, young and vibrant that is working to add to my glorious history. Go ahead talk about TPLF, shout about Eritrea numb your brain with horror stories of abuse and see if anything is going to come out of that.

Yes Eskinder is in jail, Andualem is in isolation, Reyot is denied medical treatment, Wubeshet is moved around, Andargachew is in solitary confinement, Temesgen was just taken hostage and hundreds unnamed ones are living in turmoil, well my friend isn’t that what the struggle is all about. Guess what they are inside because they were lighting the torch of freedom not sitting around talking about liberation but actually doing something to make it happen. I doubt they want us to sit around and mop about it. Did I tell you talk too much?

Thus this weekend I dare you to take one minute and think about Shibre Desaligne and the others whose life was cut short by Meles Zenawi and his Politburo friends that are still with us. When you go to church, when you visit the Mosque this weekend I want you to pray for my people that gave the most precious asset they have on behalf of you and I. Be Ethiopian enough and think of our heroes that are sitting as hostages of Woyane as you read this, think of the independent party members and leaders that are operating despite the tremendous pressure by the rogue regime and be proud of the liberation forces that are getting ready to engage the enemy and you will help make the flicker of a light burn a little brighter.

God bless them the Ethiopian Diaspora are the most precious asset our beautiful country have produced in a long time. We have left our beautiful land with nothing in our pocket and managed to build one of the most successful immigrants to ever step outside of their home. Where ever we have settled we always remember what we left behind. We have added value to that unique quality of being an Ethiopian and to claim all our mothers are proud of us is putting mildly.

It is up to the young Ethiopians in the old country to wake up and make history. It is up to our young people to follow on the footsteps of their elders that rose up to demand ‘Land to The Tiller’, it is up to our young Ethiopians to build on the shoulders of those EPRP heroes that defied the mighty Derg army and dared to dream of change and sacrificed in the streets, valleys and mountains of our beautiful land. Our Universities and high schools were training grounds where we thought of those less fortunate than us and rose to bring change. That is what is needed today from our young Ethiopians. We on the outside are doing our share, we expect the same sacrifice and dedication from our young people. No one is coming over to bring you freedom. It does not work like that. It is not about Woyane, USA, Britain China or any other but you my young friend, it is all about you. Dare to make history.

You know what, Woyane forces are going to complain and make fun of us, belittle our efforts and a few of you are going to go on the bandwagon and split hairs, find a sentence here, quote out of context there and pat yourself on your back for your feeble attempt at self-hatred. But some of us are not paying attention to you because we got work to do. I am only going to discuss what our gallant fighters are doing to Woyane why would I talk about what they are doing to me? Why would I give them precious space on my website to broadcast their atrocity when I can use the same space to galvanize my people to rise up?

We do not shed tears for Eskinder, Andualem, Andargachew and thousands others but we follow their footsteps and build a better Ethiopia that would make them proud. With or without you the freedom train is leaving the station. No one can stop that. It is inevitable.

  1. Tango
    | #1

    In all Ethiopia history leaders were with their people.Minilik was with his people during adwa battle.Mengistu was in Ethiopia during revolution. Meles was with people during arm struggle .The only exceptional coward leader is Bir ayinu who try to lead from USA and his supporter Yilma agitate Ethiopian youth to make history while he is in comfort zone .The youth in Ethiopia is much more smarter than you.

  2. Worku tesfaye
    | #2

    Change through struggle wz all consent and involvement of peoples may lead us conflict free and build nation.
    2005 aborted situation wich expected and unseen democraticy.
    Ze way to democraticy was appreciated and ze acters behind were an old and un examined ze need of majority.
    Mostly 1974 political acters hv involved till now.
    Zy planed to struggled landlords and achieved.
    1974 software couldnt cope wz 2014 generation.
    Still boz opposition and rulers are from 1974.

  3. Shekur
    | #3

    Yilma article is nice in terms of language proficiency but poor in substance.His high level of hate towards EPRDF makes him blind to see facts on the ground and he is good in saying EPRDF this and that but he never present optional policy or way.

  4. wedinakfa
    | #4

    Ato Yilma, it is funny that you are happy to believe myth as opposed to true history, so how do you expect your children to be proud of your history replete with myth and hear say passed for generations which is keeping you captive to ignorance, this is the fault of EDUCATED ETHIOPIANS failing to separate myth from fiction, fiction from reality. forget the 3000 mythical history and dwell in the past 100 years and that should be suffice for Ethiopians to learn about their real enemies and friends, but for some reason Ethiopia is a mythical land leaving it people destitute at the mercy of hand-outs , ridden by war and rivalry between ethnics……. to live in peace is ……….

  5. Dawi
    | #5

    Yelma said:

    [[..Listen to the braves of Semayawi Party gathering the young and restless, pay attention to Andenet Party re-inventing itself from turmoil, observe OLF refusing to die, watch the forces of Ginbot7, Patriotic Front and Amhara Forces realigning in perfect harmony ..]]

    Brother Yelma,

    That is a very sentimental piece but I don’t see the “harmony” of the groups at all.

    I take it OLF has its own “crimes” of the past just like EPLF/TPLF and EPRP; why is it lumped with the others?

    UN just released a report of your freind’s EPLF connection to criminals as we speak so if I were you I stay away from them.

    The EPRP as we know, responded with the “white terror” as if they have what it takes to do the job, fighting a trained army; Derg countered with “red terror” that cost them many lives, their bases in cities and ended up in the country side. In other words, they gave the chance for the military dictatorship to consolidate.

    And you have the audacity to ask today’s young people to do the same thing? What will be the difference except consolidating the negative forces in EPRDF?

    At least you should learn from TPLF and have some vision before you ask them to face a “semi authoritarian” armed to the teeth foe.

  6. Tecola W. Hagos
    | #6

    My Dear Yilma Bekele: I do not see any merit in reading such idiotic piece that you wrote. This type of round about way of insulting Ethiopians is the strategic brain child of Isayas Afeworki and his die-hard anti-Ethiopia groups of dubious background. They hate the fact of their Ethiopian root and exault the short period of colonial subjugation of tiny portions of the Ethiopian sovereign territory in around Massawa, and some part of coastal territories by Turks and Egyptians who were kicked out in very short period.

    Yilma, respect the great Ethiopian leaders who ruled over vast territories including parts of present day Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Read Ethiopian history, even better go to Ethiopia and visit centers of great civilizations all over Ethiopia. Before writing this type of self-hate or some form of perverse attack on Sovereign Ethiopia, read about Emperors like Caleb, Amde Tsion, Sertse Dingle and their great commanders like Fasilo, Barnabas, Dehregot et cetera. Ethiopia is a great nation no matter what you say or write. Yes, as all great people we have had our ups and downs, but we never been vanquished by anyone. Go read some of the great historians to learn some piece of world history, such as Gibon, Toynbee, Zinn, and the great Chronicles of Ethiopia’s great Emperors. I am absolutly pissed with your form of large brush stroke condemnation or vilification of Ethiopia’s great history and its people.

    Tecola W. Hagos

  7. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #7

    መመርፅካ ምሕርጓት ኣየዋፅእን! You better face the whole reality from A to Z. Only then maybe we come in the right truck. ማለትም ከምብሓድሽ ታሪክን እንሰራ ዘንዳ. The only purpose we have, im Zeitalter des ILLUSIONISMUS. ክትፎና ዊስኪም ከSado-Masoዎች ጋራ ሃላፊ ነውና! አዬ….! በሂይወት ውስጥ ለአንድ ደቂቃ እንኳን ሰከን ብሎ አለማስተዋል!

  8. Gigi
    | #8

    People it is not us who failed our country. It was the infliction of
    our enemys on our country that they wore working on. Even todays TPLF is an outsider agenda even though it is our frastrated and wondering brothers who open the doors to evil. Its
    sysstems fail even in its countrys too because it is desind by greedy
    man to serve them selves. We shall controle the destiny of our country
    by making the wright rull for all and never compromize it. Justes is only a maker of just, we say we are Ethiopians and we should stick with it. Our Gov’t have by law and god responsibilits to assure our well being
    and development and brotherhood with all the world peacefull and assure
    our security. You can not work for the people inforsing your agendas by
    the bulet and call your self a public serevant. While you faild telling
    the peoples history the list and assure them you are their brother not of the enemy of the Ethiopia found.

    And they should know Ethiopia is the peoples property. It is not the gov’t officials dollar or some thing. When claming the land to stat woned
    it is not like they offerd us some money for assurans of our lifes. When they say they want to develope the country, it is in the benefit of the whole nation the way we understand it but they went on forgeting about our lifes today while they took every thing we had. And that is a system failer. Spacialy food and shelter is not a legjerry but nessasary a must have. If they dont know how to utilise the country to meet its demands
    well them dont take it from the people. It was the peoples property to
    a point of paying a ‘ye meret gibir’ or Taxe of land. Way to begin with
    that we pay tax for land as if it is not our country, I have no Idea. Other wise some body was may be widening a tax reveneu wile also puting
    a presure on people to do some thing on the land so they are doing some thing to pay their taxes instade of sitting on the apportunitys, if the govts dont collect it tax all together of cours.

    But any how what we need to do is arrang it the way we want and offer the govt and people a new or better rule on our land and the world.

    It is a world which runn’s on a ziro buget so far. I dont know what they think they are doing. Seven bellion people suffering is seven billion
    people suffering other wise whether that is delibret or no. Like we owe
    to some body to proove that we can make it out of no where like a magician while they took every thing, with our bare hands and deem. Unless the whole world is up too the very dengeruose and stupid gaim, why they put us up to this challeng. If they think it works, they are the first to call as ‘baggar nations’ while all power and kingdome in their hands and while they are using the people for ther begatory renditions that is never eniough dollars.

    So we should stop complaining and do some thing about it. it is what they call their jobs any how. If we fail to make changes of cours
    they will follow the old rules and some are enemies. And if they are not willing you have to let them go from the public office, That aint his
    restourant or some thing.

  9. aha!
    | #9

    Yilma Bekele ! You have presented an excellent anecdotal review of the revolutions that took place during HIM’s, the Derg and and the TPLF/eprdf regime, where the later political model reveals a rule by ex-liberation fronts, which puts TPLF as the ruling party with the eprdf serving as cover for TPLF in a government defined by ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies expressing the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism that denies the silent majority of Ethiopians individual freedom, liberty and equality to super cede ethnic and secessionist rights, engraved in the constitution. The TPLF/eprdf regime is beset with ethnic rather than national agenda, where the mirror image in Medrek/OPDO/EFDF/fdre is also aligned with ethnic agenda with the objectives for respect for ethnic rights and secessionist rights?, with tacit support of ethnic federalism secessionism and totalitarianism built into the constitution is far of the mark of the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom (economic and political), liberty and equality exceeds that of ethnic and secessionist rights. Having said that the current set up the various factions in Ginbot 7 for freedom, democracy and justice is only a coalition but not a merger under the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, it does not stand a chance to reach a consensus to ratify the constitution with respect to the flag in Article 2, ethnic federalism/ethnic homelands in Article 46 by resorting to original provincial boundaries and ethnic secessionism/in Article 39(1) to stand in contrast with the TPLF/eprdf regime as the negative force of disintegration of Ethiopia, to save Ethiopia from disintegration and keep intact the objectives of the revolution by EPRP against military dictatorship in favor civilian, rather than military dictatorship and land reform as opposed to the engagement of ex-liberation fronts in the confluence of the TPLF eprdf regime, nor the loyalist opposition parties with ethnic agenda or the lately formed Medrek with Tigrai Harena and UDJP in the mix, which formed a coalition, later on a front, but not a merger under the national agenda. As a scientific problem solving formula no political or business organization have achieved meaningful outcome without merging under the common objectives and strategies to achieve those goals. If we believe the Ethiopian land mass is for all Ethiopians, this ideologies concoted by TPLF as chief architect of constitution is nothing more the a prelude future boundary conflicts among the major ethnic groups, it serves as a prude for ethnic secessionism/ethnic nationalism and an ongoing ethnic cleansing, rather than going up to the old provincial boundaries with assorted ethnic groups and developing the country in terms of ecological regions and ex-appropriate the crony capitalism by TPLF/Political. TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises cadres and cadres and foreign corporations in terms of the agro industries, when the constitution is ratified and a democratic government is put in place.

  10. Treaty
    | #10

    Deaar Dr. Tecola W. Hagos, You wrote, concerning the above article by yelma as follow.

    “This type of round about way of insulting Ethiopians is the strategic brain child of Isayas Afeworki and his die-hard anti-Ethiopia groups of dubious background. They hate the fact of their Ethiopian root and exault the short period of colonial subjugation of tiny portions of the Ethiopian sovereign territory in around Massawa..”

    Dear Dr. my question for you is this. Can you tell us in a clear and concise way about the said ‘die-hard anti-Ethiopia groups of dubious background.’? I really and sincerely want to know who these individuals are. I am aware of the fact you are implying Isayas Afeworki for sure but who are the rest of individuals you are speaking of? After all no matter what my political leanings might be I want to know ABOUT THEIRA IDENTITY,if there is any thing as such persons of dubious background who may be playing a leadership role in any party that pretend to liberate Ethiopia ? Please if you have any hard evidence inform us who these individuals are?

  11. yilmab
    | #11

    My dear friend Tecola W. Hagos why such a vitriolic condemnation of my article? Where as the title says it all, it is all about our recent history and you my learned friend go back hundreds of years back to throw such insult to teach me a lesson about a subject I did not even broach, I find the whole thing a little disturbing. Shouldn’t you as a member of an ethnic group in whose name so much crime is committed against other Ethiopians be more concerned about the systematic degradation of our past by the TPLF Woyane group that is hell bent on obliterating our glorious history? My article does not ‘condemn or vilify’ our history but questions the generations that today is tarnishing the past that was painstakingly constructed by our forefathers. I am sure if you go back and read the article you can see my point but why you choose to to respond in such an irrational manner is something you have to ask yourself? I would say the guilt you harbor due to your silence when a few misguided Woyanes that are doing damage to our nation that could in the end result not in a pleasant manner might be something to ponder about, or else why would such an intelligent person like you resort to such underhanded manner? There is no self-hate in my bone, in fact If I have to diagonize myself I would say I suffer from undeserved pride based on the actions of my ancestors and I feel shame because I have not contributed much to build on that for my children. I totally reject your conclusion and ask you my friend to go back and rethink your hasty and negative review. I would not go as far as saying my conclusions are indisputable and I am open to criticism but not in the manner you presented it. May I humbly point out that you sank to the level of some of the TPLF cadres above that comment without adding any value to the discussion. The elephant in the room is TPLF Woyane and I am sure you are familiar with that fact but you consciously choose to ignore it and I find that to be a shortcoming of those in whose name crime is being committed, silence is never an option.

  12. Dawi
    | #12

    aha said:

    [[..As a scientific problem solving formula no political or business organization have achieved meaningful outcome without merging under the common objectives and strategies to achieve those goals….]]

    Brother aha,

    Not just you but, it seems it is customary to criticize “semi authoritarian” governments like EPRDF or the “Medrek’s” who want to replace them as if they have a choice between “coalition” & “merger”

    Little do you realize that the choice in such societies is not between “coalition” and “merger” but between “coaliton” and “chaos”.

    Talking about “disintegration”??

    I don’t know why you are set into thinking that only territorial based countries shall disintegrate; as I have talked to you on another thread, USA and India are candidates of “disintegration” just like anybody else but, may not be territorial based.

    India and USA are not territorial based but before the possible “disintegration” sets in, lived with each other as whites and blacks in the United States when the latter worked on plantations in Southern States; we can talk about the different castes in India as well.

  13. Dawi
    | #13

    Yelma said:

    [[.. Shouldn’t you as a member of an ethnic group in whose name so much crime is committed against other Ethiopians..]]

    You know your friend Prof. Tecola considers himself and is a well known Ethiopian; why did you as a “leaned friend” fabricate to make him look to belong to only one “an ethnic group” is a question I like to ask?

    Be that as it may, the UN newly released report shows that todays defenders and police force of Isayas are known to be “Demhit” TPDM (Tigrai people democratic movement); G7 is associated to that group and IMO, by inference your article, allies you to such ‘..die-hard anti-Ethiopia groups of dubious background..’ led by no other than Isayas of Eritrea.

    .

  14. yilmab
    | #14

    Ato Dawi why may I ask is TPLF Woyane so concerned about the affairs of other organizations and spends inordinate amount of time to disturb, insult, threaten, jail and kill leaders and members? Do you know of any TPLF member the opposition have killed, jailed, tortured whereas on the other hand I can give you Professor Asrat, Teacher Assefa Maru, Dr. Taye Woldesemat, Bertukan Medeksa, Andualem Arage, Bekele Gerba, Abubeker Ahmed, Kinijit leaders, and so on. Could you think of one TPLF member to include in this?
    Look my friend the only way this situation could be brought to balance is when other Ethiopians do to TPLF what TPLF does to them. When TPLF kills we kill one of their own, when they jail we kidnap one of theirs when they deny free press we do the same by destroying their ability to own the press, then it is possible to sit and talk. That my friend is why there was peace between the super powers during the cold war. They followed what is know as the MAD concept, it stood for ‘Mutually Assured Destruction’, that is what is needed in Ethiopia, right now TPLF has the gun and we have nothing, think of if the US or USSR only one has nuclear and the other is without, it wouldn’t have worked. There is no other way. As for Tecola Hagos why you refer to him as a ‘well known’ Ethiopian is not clear to me, aren’t we all well known Ethiopians? I believe mad man Meles to be an Ethiopian but that did not stop him from relying on his ethnic group to stay in power, shower his group with money and power and marginalize the rest of us. Just like you my friend that identifies with your ethnic group (Tigrai) to always try to support, protect and preach on their behalf although it is clear that they are committing crimes against all others. I was very ‘diplomatic’ when it came to your friend despite his rudeness. As for Eritrea and Demhit it is the current TPLF talking point and it does not interest us at all. We are talking about good old Ethiopia and what they do up north is their business but believe me no Ethiopian will shed his blood on behalf of TPLF, go do your won war. You and your friends attempt to call any other group ‘die hard anti Ethiopian’ is not only laughable but a cynical attempt showing what a foolish organization TPLF is, they always mistake four patience for stupidity. Staying on Ethiopia’s throne for twenty years my friend is not a major accomplishment we know a few others that have stayed longer but their downfall is not always natural, your twenty fears is like a few seconds when it comes to our three thousand year history. I suspect the next few weeks every Woyane and their followers are instructed to discuss Demhit and Eritrea, it is not going to work, we are not interested, we want to talk about TPLF and ways to bring it down and smash it until it never rears its head in our country. I hope you and your friend do not bore us with that ‘Mamo kilo’ story.

  15. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #15

    ርካሽ የማሸማቀቅ ሙከራ………….!

    ናይ ሓደ ዓልየት ተወላዲ እንተኾነ’ኸስሞ…………….?

    ወዲ ሰብ ባዕሉ ንዝውዓሎ ተግባራትን ወይ’ድማ ካሎት ኣተግቢሮምዎስ ንሱ’ውን ስዓቢኡ ብዝኸውን እዋናት ጥራሕ እዩ ሓላፊነትን ተሓታትነትን ዝነብሮ እምበር ስለ እተወለደ ጥራሕ ንዝኾነ ናይ ካልኦት ተግባራት, መንነቶም ብዘየገድስ, ሓላፊነትን ተሓታትነትን የብሉን………..!

    ኣሸማቒቕካን ሽሙ ኣጥፊእኻን ንወዲ ሰብ ምምሕዳር ብዝምልከት ብፍላይ ኣብ ዓዱ ኾነ ኣብ ስደት ንዝነብር ትግራዋይ ንዝሓለፈ 17 እንትውሰኾ 22 ዓመታት, ማለት’ውን ንዝሓለፈ 39 ዓመታት ብወያነ ስለዝሽልቸወስ, በጃኻትኩም ነዚ ኸምዙይ ዝኣምሰለ ተግባራት ካልኦት’ውን ኣይትወሰኽዎ…………….!

    ዝረዳድኣና ኢና ዝስኣና እምበር ዘሸማቕቐና ድኣ መሊኡ እንድዩ…………….!

    ንናፅነት ተባሂሉ እተጀመረ ቃልሲ, ቃልሲ ካብተጀመረሉ ካብ ብፅባሒታ ጀሚሩ ብምሽምቓቕን ብሽም ምፅላምን ጥራሕ ዝምሓደር ውድበ:: እዙይ ከምዙይ ዝኣምሰለ ብወያነ ገፆም ናይ ዝሓለፉ ተጋሩ ጥራሕ’ዶስ ወይስ ናይ ኩልና ተጋሩ ጠባይ’ዶ ይኸውን ዝብል ሕቶ እንተቕረብኩስ, መቸም ከም ፀረ ትግራዋይነት HA..HA…ከምዘይጥርጠር ተስፋ እገብር::
    ኣሸማቕቕካን ሽሙ ኣፀልምካን ንህዝብኻ ብምምሕድዳር ተግባራት ካብ ወያነ ንላዕሊ ብዝኸፍአ መልክዑ ሻዕቢያ ኣላ:: ካልኦት ብምንም መንገዲ ክትሓልፍዎም ስለዘትኽእሉስ, ዋላኻ እንዳ ሻዕቢያ ቤተ ክርስትያን ዘቐደስኩም እንተኾንኩምስ, ንኽትገድፍዎ ፈትኑታ………………!

    ምስ ቃልስናስ FAIRNESS’ውን ኣይንረስዕ……….!

  16. Treaty
    | #16

    Still waiting for answer or explanation from Dr. Tecola W. Hagos about the alleged “die-hard anti-Ethiopia groups of dubious background “.

  17. Dawi
    | #17

    Yelma said:

    [[..As for Eritrea and Demhit it is the current TPLF talking point and it does not interest us at all..]]

    I thought it would be more of an Eritrean talking point.

    It interests me because the UN report said Isayas trusts Demhit because they belong to the same ethnic group he is from. That tells me he has come out of the closet and revealing who he really is to Eritreans; that is an indication of a beginning of the end of Eritrean identity as we know it outside of the Ethiopian fold.

    [[..As for Tecola Hagos why you refer to him as a ‘well known’ Ethiopian is not clear..]]

    What I meant is Prof. Tecola has labored few times including in this web-sight that he is a product of a multi ethnic heritage and I take it that you are aware of that however, you decided not to respect that and used it an attack point. Not because it is a big deal but I expected more from you.

    As I pointed out in another thread, may be we should learn a thing or two from the likes of Jawar Mohammed; they defend OPDO/EPRDF when it comes to the gains they have achieved so far but, belong/support OLF to achieve their other pipe dreams. You on the other hand, support OLF like them but, want the young people to face the “authoritarian government” right now, with bare hands as EPRP more or less did with the armed to the teeth Derg in the past?

    I don’t see a different result when you do the same thing again and again.

  18. Tecola W Hagos
    | #18

    Thank you Treaty and Dawi. Sorry for my strong words, Yilma Bekele; I rather keep my brother than my pride.

    We Ethiopians in the Diaspora are already fractured through our own ineptitude and mediocrity. Political groups, such as the OLF, Ginbot-7, TPDM, and almost all ethnic based political organizations functioning whether in the opposition or working with the EPRDF do have anti-Ethiopia structural and ideological aspects. A number of them may think of their complacency or the pursuit of active programs of alliance with Iysaias Afeworki as a genius strategic alliance. ከቀጋ የተጠጋ ቁልቋል ዘወትር ያለቅሳል። Ke qega yetettega qulequal zewetre yaleqsal. It is both a source of amusement and also of disappointment to me to consider how so many of the “enlightened” leaders of some of the opposition organizations who are already publicly in political alliance with the Eritrean Government assume that Isayas Afeworki would help them overthrow the current EPRDF led Government of Ethiopia.

    The idea behind such alliance that the “enemy of my enemy is my friend” is based on a seriously flawed logic to a point of absurdity. Is it not mind bending to think that one can get benefit or help from a party that has rejected a historic family and has divorced violently that relationship would turn around and help some members of that same rejected and divorced family? For Afeworki the enemy is not limited to the EPRDF, but most importantly extends to the very existence of an Ethiopia. Grow up people, do not be blinded by your hate of a group of individuals (mostly on ethnic rivalry for power) and “throw the baby [Ethiopia] with the bathing water,” metaphorically speaking. Do not ever think that I favor an ethnic group when I speak of Ethiopia. In my vision of Ethiopia it transcends all forms of ethnicism, regionalism, linguistic-fracturing, class, and wealth-poverty divisions. In the hands of dedicated, wise and patriotic leader and followers even the current setup of linguistic/ethnic divisive setup can be turned around and transformed into an all inclusive Motherland. In addressing the opposition, I do not question your Ethiopiawinet. Whatever your political ambition might be, do not ever kill Ethiopia in the process of saving it from the abuses of its children that includes you as well. Over my dead body.
    Tecola W. Hagos

  19. Andaregachew
    | #19

    “When TPLF kills we kill one of their own, when they jail we kidnap one of theirs” Ato Yilma you just imitate word by word what the coward Birhanu said recently after Andaregachew captured. Do not trust him? 7 years ago he sold heroic certificate for $500 and promised to overthrow EPRDF in 6 months. Now after 7 years he forget his 6 months promise and said “when TPLF kills one we kill one of their own”. What I wonder is who believed this guy while deceiving repeatedly.

  20. Taye
    | #20

    “right now TPLF has the gun and we have nothing,” What about Ginbot 7 popular force????
    You article and comment is full of contradiction.On one hand you said,”watch the forces of Ginbot7, Patriotic Front and Amhara Forces realigning in perfect harmony and my friend you can’t help but see the flicker of light getting brighter.” and on the other hand you said ,”right now TPLF has the gun and we have nothing,”

  21. Dawi
    | #21

    Another point on Yelma’s opinion:

    [[.. Look my friend the only way this situation could be brought to balance is when other Ethiopians do to TPLF what TPLF does to them. When TPLF kills we kill one of their own, when they jail we kidnap one of theirs when they deny free press we do the same by destroying their ability to own the press, then it is possible to sit and talk..]]

    Just heard Ermias’s talk on Ethio-media. His suggestions to change the political land scape is not killing at all. He thinks highly on the power of media like ESAT as you do and the other thing is infiltrating EPRDF to challenge the status quo.

    So the peacfull struggle is still the most powrfull way to change the political market place. The “tit for tat” thing at the expense of the youth didn’t make sense in the past. It may even take the gains away by making the old guards to be more in charge.

    I know you don’t agree but, empowering HD who do not have the armed struggle baggage requires non violent methods and it is not easy but, if you use violence the old guards will come on top and consolidate. You will repeating what EPRP did in the past by responding in “white terror”; that my friend was a ticket that allowed the Derg to consolidate its dictatorship by using the “red terror”.

  22. Treaty
    | #22

    I am not a historian. Yet I think the book of books (The BIBLE ) is our original source to establish the actual date of our history. I believe even if we start dating Ethiopia’s time as an organized state from that of the Queen of Sheba, it is well over Three thousand years. We know King Solomon’s reign in Israel begins some where about 1000 B.C. We also know the visit of Queen Sheba to king Solomon is recoded in First King chapter 10:1-10.We also know that the Queen of Sheba of the bible can not be from any other country but from Ethiopia. Because the Lord Jesus in the Gospel of Mathews specifically said of her origin “the queen of the South”.

    ” The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.” Mat.12:42.

    Therefore, reckoning form the time of Solomon as it related to the queen Sheba’s visit to Israel ,that is from 1000 B.C, we get the three thousand years time line. I am sure Historians will come up with their own figure using their own reckoning from secular sources and archaeology.

    Commenting on the topic at hand, as you have rightly pointed out our recent history ,no doubt, has been chaotic and turbulent. Though change and social transformation is an inevitable part of social phenomena, yet change in the hands of unprepared public and leaders can have unintended consequences. And that is precisely what happened to our country in the last 50 years or so. I believe ,though that generation brave, aspiring and uncompromising, yet it has also an obvious shortcomings. One of them was heavy reliance on foreign Marxist ideology with little know how to apply it to Ethiopian condition, and the culture of intolerance among differing political factions.

    I am not sure how much we have learned from the past and are willing to work together now for better tomorrow. I think some of us have regressed back words altogether and it shows in our conversations and manners. I have in mind here Dr. Tecola. After I read his comment above I asked him to clarify his statement and he refused. He tells the writer to go to Ethiopia and see what he calls ‘centers of civilizations, or read Ethiopians history. I really saw no value on his comments regarding the above. He speaks of Ethiopian sovereignty and

    ,the past great leaders and so on. No one criticized our past he is the only one who is making in appropriate comments. If Dr. Tecola is really upset about the current Ethiopian affairs why not then he join hands with those who are making differences? If he really is Ethiopian first ,as he seem to suggest, and then what ever why not then he stand up and man up to the face of TPLF who has compromised our sovereignty by leasing Ethiopian lands almost for free. TPLF is the one who arranges Ethiopian women for the House of Abdula to be maids. TPLF is the one that sell our fertile land to the Sudan. TPLF is the sole decision making body on every affair of our national life. Once again my question to the doctor is why not do something about the national humiliation that is brought about by TPLF? Why do you choose instead to make in appropriate response about the writer of this article?

    I believe there is a reason behind for such behavior, and it goes like this discourage those writers who are calling us to focus and put our attention on what matter the most keep an eye on TPLF. For those who want to keep the status quo the time is coming and it may not be long your internet chat room politic will be irrelevant. Not long from now this forums will begin to report about the damage the brave Ethiopians will be doing to TPLF leaders and supporters. Then and then you will begin to take us seriously. Yelma Bekele thank you for the great work you are doing. Keep putting TPLF supporters uncomfortable with your sharp message, let them feel their betrayal of Ethiopia.

  23. aha!
    | #23

    Dawi @12, Thank you again for questioning my argumentative position modular and ideological perspectives in terms of party alignments with ethnic agenda on one side and national agenda on the other and a constitution with the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism, totalitarianism carried over from the Derg Military dictatorship, and/or now state capitalism, supported by crony capitalism by TPLF/political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises, cadres and foreign corporations particularly by agro industries in terms of land lease and denial of private land ownership to the silent majority of Ethiopians as one of the means of production. These two ideologies and governance distinguishes the parties into those that fight to regain Ethiopian Nationalism against those with ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism that denies the silent majority individual freedom, liberty and equality ahead of ethnic and secessionist rights as the basis for democracy, a rule by the people for the people, and of the people. Furthermore the ideologies built into the constitution is a prelude to ethnic secessionism over newly established ethnic boundaries, and future boundary conflicts among the major ethnic groups and the prevalent ethnic cleansing. Based on these modular and ideological perspectives the current regime and parties supporting directly/indirectly by upholding the constitution are classified under the negative forces of disintegration and those aligned with Ethiopian Nationalism with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians with strategies to achieve those goals as the positive forces of integration. And these modular perspective can be supported by survey research, while the analogy you presented with respect does not match the scenario created in Ethiopia in the 23 years by way of the constitution of ethnic federalism, secessionism, totalitarianism and/or state capitalism as the political and economic model. Neither the Republicans nor the Democrats operate/aligned along ethnic lines and the country is not divided along ethnic lines and do not have a constitution with ethnic group as the unit of democracy, but the individual as the unit of democracy, while there is a lingering problem to live up to that ideal, but the right of the individual to vote for a party is not coerced, an independent branches of government exists in USA, but not in Ethiopia.

  24. Dawi
    | #24

    Prof. Tecola said:

    [[.. Is it not mind bending to think that one can get benefit or help from a party that has rejected a historic family and has divorced violently that relationship would turn around and help some members of that same rejected and divorced family?,,]]

    Prof. Tecola – Can you please elaborate on this:

    Over the years, starting from Cohen and others we have learned that Isayas was indifferent in going it alone after the overthrow of the Derg; he talked about confederation etc. however, TPLF leadership (Meles in the forefront with his book on Eritrea] had a stronger commitment to Eritrean independence with all its associated Ports; to this day, Ato Sebhat vows to defend Eritrean independence while some known Eritrean separatist intellectuals have moderated their stance on that subject.

    There were times where Isayas was accused by some TPLF leadership as a sell out and known to compromise Eritrean Independence any time therefore, why can’t we assume that he was practically pushed out of the Ethiopian fold by TPLF?

    Now Demhit protecting him indicate his indifference to the Eritrean identity and may not even be afraid of his Ethiopian one?

    Why shouldn’t we consider that he is not against Greater Ethiopia then?

    If that is the case both the moderate EPRDF and the opposition you condemned shouldn’t be afraid to pursue working with the man because after the defeat of the Derg, he didn’t forcefully “reject” or “divorce” the Ethiopian family on his own free will but, others somewhat helped pushing him out of the fold??

  25. Dawi
    | #25

    aha said:

    [[.. Based on these modular and ideological perspectives the current regime and parties supporting directly/indirectly by upholding the constitution are classified under the negative forces of disintegration and those aligned with Ethiopian Nationalism with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians with strategies to achieve those goals as the positive forces of integration...]]

    According to you most opposition and off course EPRDF are forces of disintegration. As you can imagine it is very hard to buy such analysis.

    The route to heaven (ultimate integration) is full off potholes, tears, setbacks and disappointments in my opinion. That is probably why Bro. Yelma and some opposition as the Prof. pointed out are going to the extent of dealing with the devil himself, “For Afeworki the enemy is not limited to the EPRDF, but most importantly extends to the very existence of an Ethiopia”??

  26. Anonymous
    | #26

    You mentioned and applauded “Braveness of Semayawi Party gathering the young and restless, payed attention to Andenet Party re-inventing itself from turmoil, observe OLF’s refusing only to die, watch the forces of Ginbot7, Patriotic Front and Amhara Forces realigning in perfect harmony. Just to remind you mentioning 1960 – 2005 is nice, Thanks for refreshing memory. What I don’t understand is that how you forget Oromo students mass killing of a couple of months which is on going even today. What about our Muslim brothers and sisters? I see your pain and concern is partial and you are free to do so but, be honest to your self and try to make a balanced statement if you can next time.

  27. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #27

    Dawi #24,

    There were times where Isayas was accused by some TPLF leadership as a sell out and known to compromise Eritrean Independence any time therefore, why can’t we assume that he was practically pushed out of the Ethiopian fold by TPLF?
    Now Demhit protecting him indicate his indifference to the Eritrean identity and may not even be afraid of his Ethiopian one?
    Why shouldn’t we consider that he is not against Greater Ethiopia then?
    If that is the case both the moderate EPRDF and the opposition you condemned shouldn’t be afraid to pursue working with the man because after the defeat of the Derg, he didn’t forcefully “reject” or “divorce” the Ethiopian family on his own free will but, others somewhat helped pushing him out of the fold??

    ዳዊ,

    ይሄንን ከላይ የለጠፍኩትን አባባልህን በቅንፍ ውስጥ ታስገባው እና, ከስሩ ላይ: Ancient-Yeha.eu ደጋግሞ እንዳለው ብለህ አባባሉን ደርግ ከወደቀበት ጊዜ ጀሚሬ ደጋግሜ ሰዉ ይገባው ዘንዳ “የዘፈንኩት” (ደጋግሜ ያልኩት ለመሆኑ) ታስተዋውቃለህ:: አለበለዚያ ህወሓት በወታደራዊ ዜቤ ከደደቢት ጀምራ የተጠቀመችበትን ሜላ, በሃሳቦች ሂደትም በኩል እየተጠቅምክ ነው:: የህወሓት ሞተር: “ጠመንኛን ከጠላት ቀምታችሁ ታጠቁ” ነበር:: ቀምቶ መታጠቅ በፖለቲካዊ አስተሳሰብ በኩልም አይልመድባችሁ:: ኦርጂናል አባባሎችን መሰንዘር, ከሌላው ጋራ መግባባትን እና FAIRNESS’ን ተማሩ! እንዲህ ካልሆናችሁ “ዘፈኔን ቀሙኝ” እንዲሉት, ከዚያም ከዚህም በመለቃቀም የሚተዳደሩ ናቸው ከሚለው ደግ ያልሆነ አባባል አታመልጡም…!

  28. aha!
    | #28

    Dawi @ #24, Thank you again for bringing up another talking ponts in response to Prof. Tecola: Hagos’s statement: The first talking point is about Isayas Afeworki’s stand with respect to secession of Eritrea up to independence at the behest of TPLF leadership and conducting a referendum after the defeat of the Derg regime. The Derg regime was a Military and socialistic oriented regime heavily contested by EPRP, which internally under mind the regime in favor of civilian government, while TPLF and the other ex-liberation fronts were engaging the Derg regime against oppression of nations and nationalities the previous regimes and the Derg regime, which nevertheless was defending the unity, territorial integrity, and sovereignty of Ethiopia. I was not aware of Issayas Aferwerki’s stance was for a federation or not, but I remember listening to him in an interview in Amharic for the first and last time saying “benena bemels mehakel liyunet binor be eritira guday ine ibelte ine ibelte bemalet bicha new”, while I accept your assertion on TPLF leadership, which includes Sibhat Nega “vowing to defend Eritrean independence ….”.

    The second talking point, which did not highlight TPLF leadership as the architect of the constitution has created a constitution with the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism as political and economic models, respectively and vows to defend it by war against those, perhaps with national agenda by saying: “yihen yeandinetachinina, yeethiopiawinet milikit yehonenewin hige mengist yemitsare binor torinet inigetmawalen” in an interview with VOA Radio, when the constitution does not represent Ethiopian nationalism, sovereignty and territorial integrity which the Derg and HIM’s government were fighting to preserve.

  29. Tecola W Hagos
    | #29

    Thank you Dawi for engaging me and other readers on a subject matter that is profoundly complex. Even though we really must not discuss issues outside of the subject matter covered by Yilma’s article above, I am making an exception this time in responding to your request for me to elaborate on certain issues you highlighted. I need to start by stating the obvious that there are several intriguing questions one can ask in relation to the current stand-off between Ethiopia and Eritrea, wherein the following are most important:
    1) How MUST the Ethiopian Government deal with Isayas Afeworki in his changed circumstances?
    2) What should be done for the future of Ethiopia with a hostile Eritrea being an independent state?
    3) What would be the modality and form of relationships between Ethiopia and Eritrea in the aftermath when none of the present political leaders of either country are in power?
    At any rate, these issues cannot be handled in this format of discourse. My suggestion is to find some credible independent individual or organization to start the discourse in a town-hall type meeting inviting representatives from all concerned parties. Nothing would please me more than to see mature resolution of the unnecessary division and emasculation of a people, if left to their own devices are capable of transforming the whole of Africa into a power house of economic wealth and technological advancement. However, for that to happen we must first put our house in order.

    Ethiopia Vs Eritrea: Whether Isayas Afeworki is now under pressure for change, the fact remains that he consistently tried his very best to undermine and disrupt Ethiopia’s legitimate interest to develop its resources, for example consider the latest anti-Ethiopia endorsement and support of Egypt against Ethiopia on the construction of the Great Renaissance Dam. He tried to use Somali Jihadists to create civil unrest and conflict in the Somali population of Ethiopia. I mean the list of hostile activities is very long. It is foolhardy to make compact with the Eritrean Government at the moment whose leader is still smarting from some mythological grievance against the Ethiopian government of the Imperial days. At any rate, what is there to offer as an incentive to an ambitious man who is already a head of state, commander of an army, et cetera, et cetera and fabulously wealthy? It seems to me we have to wait nature taking its course a couple of decades from now to think out a much realistic modality for reintegration of Eritrea with Ethiopia.

    I have submitted for posting a more extensive essay to the editors of this website and others that I invite you to checkout. Thanks.
    Tecola W. Hagos

  30. aha!
    | #30

    Dawi @25, Thank you again the major talking point that sets the distinction between the two forces: one with ethnic agenda and the other with national agenda, built into the constitution. It separates all the parties/factions prevailing in Ethiopia into positive and negative forces of disintegration in terms of modular and ideological perspectives. This modular perspective is not an analysis as you alluded to but a conceptual model that could be tested by survey research, using inductive and deductive logics for analyses, while your and Tecola’s opinion presented in this forum are just only opinion, missing the point that the current constitution, containing the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism carried over from the Derg regime of Military Dictatorship, which EPRP fought for a civilian rule and sacrificed their lives for, you are engaging on pet discussion on how to deal with Issayas Afeworki by way of negotiations, while it is the constitution that denies the silent majority of Ethiopians, their individual freedom, liberty and equality to super cede ethnic and secessionist rights, that is a prelude to ethnic secessionism, ethnic boundary conflicts in the future, and ongoing ethnic cleansing as well as private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia, and resorting to the original provinces of assorted ethnic groups and developing the country according to ecological zones, rather than ethnic homelands.

    To counter these ideals, you stated you stated: “The route to heaven (ultimate integration) “(Ethiopian Nationalism and individual freedom, liberty and equality), the way I perceive it, is full of potholes, tears, setbacks and disappointments”. Who said freedom (political and economic) are easy to achieve they require sacrifice in a non-violent and/or armed struggle to freedom, but to achieve those goals all parties that pose as opposition must coalesce under the national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians with strategies to achieve those goals to save Ethiopia from disintegration and war skirmishes ethnic secessionists.

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