November 20th, 2014 Print Print Email Email

In 2012, I wrote an essay titled “The Growing Inequality in Ethiopia” that was posted on a few Ethiopian Diaspora websites such as Abugida and Abay Media. In that essay, while trying to explain the manifestations of growing inequality, I did not justify or even explain why we should worry about the injustice of growing inequality. I will try to do that here because it is important for a number of reasons.

The 1960’s generation of Ethiopian youth was impressed and influenced by the egalitarian philosophy of Marxism. For the then Ethiopian society where class cleavages were apparent based on land holdings and other properties, the influence of an egalitarian philosophy could not be underestimated. Today’s generation has no overarching philosophy to anchor a belief in arresting the growing inequality in Ethiopia. While the time-tested religious influence plays an aspirational role for seeking equality, religion alone has been shown not to be sufficient. On top of that, the ethos and values of globalization superficially make inequality look “natural”. It is not clear how today’s highly-educated young Ethiopians working for multi-nationals, and for domestic firms – and who rightly claim that there is “money to be made” in Ethiopia – can hold their end of their generation’s bargain to help redeem this nation from the scourge of growing inequality. The 1960s generation introduced the “Land to the Tiller” slogan in 1965, fought hard for its promulgation, and helped in its implementation in 1975, as a result of which, we observe today a relatively narrower gap between rural haves and have- nots.

Grounding why growing inequality is unjust is hence urgently important.


From time immemorial philosophers and religions have preached and taken it as fundamental tenets that human beings need to be virtuous, and that societies need to be just. Aristotle and Plato believed that justice was the greatest virtue. With the advent of the industrial revolution, societal asymmetry in wealth accumulation and ownership of the means of production becomes pronounced. The gap between those who have and those who have not becomes an issue for Enlightenment philosophers. This seemingly mere economic issue becomes tied with the larger notions of justice, and equality, and the meaning of a person. The German philosopher Immanuel Kant, one of the last of the Enlightenment philosophers, argues for a person’s rights not to be based on religion or property rights, but rather on the idea that we are rational beings worthy of dignity and respect. His notion of the categorical imperative underscored that no matter what, a duty or a right applies regardless of circumstance. This gave rise to Universal Human Rights.

Kant’s categorical imperative residing in pure practical reason undercut competing philosophies, such as utilitarianism, which defines justice and equality obtaining when benefits go to the majority. In a utilitarian scheme, as long as the majority’s goals are met, the minority’s and individual’s concerns are secondary and subservient to the majority. Kant’s emphasis on the individual person’s worth and dignity also undercut other philosophies that summarized their beliefs as “the end justifies the means”. Stalinist repression and mass murder committed in the 1930’s Soviet Union was for a “better, and heavenly future”. This obviously violated the fundamental right and dignity of a person. Although this re-definition of man and society by enlightenment humanists was radical at the time, and gave rise to hopeful revolutions, it left off the ledger a huge chunk of humanity such as indigenous people, slaves, women, and captives.

Some 200 years after Kant, the question of justice and equality appeared to have left the landscape of European philosophy and transposed to American shores. American philosophers, the majority of whom were/are allied with Harvard University obsessed with the notions of justice and equality and have produced significant philosophical works in that regard. John Rawls, Robert Nozick, Michael Sandel, Amartya Sen, Richard Dworkin are a few of the examples. The African-American philosopher Cornel West, formerly of Harvard, should also be a part of the pantheon although some in the philosophy establishment in the US continue to refuse to recognize him as a bona fide philosopher. His persistent activism against mass incarceration of blacks and browns and his fight for the poor in this country are commendable.

While the notions of justice and equality have become the domains of philosophers, economists also have chimed in, especially on the issue of inequality. Joseph Stiglitz’s work in that regard could be cited as an illustration, followed by Thomas Piketty of the Paris School of Economics, whose “Capital in the 21st Century” was a surprise best seller in 2014, and mention should be made of E. Saez at UC Berkley and G. Zucman at the London School of Economics. Then, of course, there are towering intellectuals like Amartya Sen, who engage both in philosophy and economics, and perhaps after Karl Mark, produce major works.

Michael Sandel says “to ask whether a society is just is to ask how it distributes the things we prize –income and wealth, duties and rights, power and opportunities, offices and honors. A just society distributes these goods the right way: it gives each person his or her due. The hard question is what people are due and why”. (Justice: What is the Right Thing to Do? 2009).

The philosophers mentioned above, including Sandel, have tried to answer Sandel’s questions. A couple of them have used hypothetical scenarios to show that society would choose fair and just terms of values to relate to each other. Rawls uses what he calls a veil of ignorance behind which a society would pick principles of justice that form the foundation of a stable society, and one that cares for the least well-off in its midst. Dworkin uses an auction and insurance system where everyone in a society is given out what it needs initially, and insures itself against unforeseen bad events.

Although each of these philosophers have mapped out their separate ways in specifying what they believe to be a just and fair society, their differences for the most appear to be overstated (the only exception is Robert Nozick and we will see his philosophy shortly). Most of these philosophers are what one would call egalitarians: they are abhorred by inequality (in the US and elsewhere), and provide tools that they believe a society should use to improve the human condition. Sandel calls for a politics that gives greater emphasis to citizenship, community and civic virtue, and that aims for the common good. Amartya Sen says our politics have to provide citizens with their capabilities for their life plans. More than any one of them perhaps, John Rawls, has built a structure with adequate support for a well-functioning society.

Coming as the then dominant Marxist philosophy was about to teeter and collapse under its own weight, Rawls’ “A Theory of Justice” came out in 1972 (about a decade before the official death of existing socialism). This book was then followed 20 years later by “Political Liberalism” which filled the gaps and holes Theory did not. Rawls work made the possibility of substantive equality under capitalism at least thinkable and something to strive for within the system. His work also is not just about equality in a vacuum, but equality predicated on individual rights and moral liberties.

This is in summary what Rawls tells us in his two major books:

“Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of a society as a whole cannot override. For this reason justice denies that the loss of freedom for some is made right by a greater good shared by others”. This is his grounding his philosophy on Kant’s foundation that everyone should be treated as an end and never as a mere means to the ends of others. Rawls then proceeds to explain his two principles of justice: “all social primary goods – liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any or all of these goods is to the advantage of the least favored”. For Rawls treating people as equals is not levelling out all inequalities (that was the Marxist ideal in a classless society). Rather, it is about reducing or eliminating inequalities that disadvantage some people. Rawls also lays out the basic structure of a well-functioning society in spelling out the constitution, separation of powers, balances and checks, and the overlapping consensus informing the basic structure.

He reconciles liberty and equality and brings them together. Unlike Robert Nozick, for whom the state should be minimalist (a night watchman state) just enforcing contracts and keeping citizens safe, Rawls state plays a constructive, interventionist role to right ills, and ensure the stability and functioning of a well-ordered society.

Nozick, in his, “Anarchy, State and Utopia”, argues in tradition with conservative and libertarian economists and philosophers like Frederich Hayek, Milton Freedman, and today’s Rand Paul. Among their commonalities, they protest the state’s taxation role, oppose the welfare state, and believe in the sanctity of private property.

One such colleague of theirs, Harry Frankfurt, has a theory he calls “Doctrine of Sufficiency”. For him, economic equality is not a morally compelling social ideal. Under the Doctrine, someone could have almost nothing, but he may be content with his life. A contented person regards having more money as inessential to his being satisfied with his life.

The fallacy with this libertarian and conservative philosophy is in the fact that this denies the equal worth and dignity of a person other philosophers from Aristotle to modern days have addressed in that each person seeks basic goods such as healthy amounts of food, a decent shelter and health care, and capability to care for his family. A well-ordered and stable society assures that its citizens have access to these primary goods and others. It does not mean that everybody is equal. However, it means that no one should fall below the threshold deemed by a community to be acceptable and enabling. The current movement to increase the Minimum Wage across America, even in conservative states, is a long overdue recognition of the ill effects of growing inequality and indicative of the importance of livable wages.


In today’s Ethiopia, not only are the liberties of citizens trampled by the regime, but the rank of the destitute is increasing at a high rate. It is simply impossible for a citizen of the country to think that they have inviolable rights as human beings, that their moral worth and dignity as persons is being respected. The government itself is the source of their insecurity. Democracy, among whose constituent parts are public reason, including the right to dissent, and balloting are either absent or grossly distorted. Public reason and discussion, hailing from Greek/ Athenian democracy is simply absent. Political dissent is unthinkable, or when it is thinkable, it is prohibitively costly. The latest victim among a long list of victims is the prolific writer and journalist Temesgen Dessalegn (Athenian democracy from 500 years BC diffused into Greece’s neighborly empires –Egypt, Persia and India, but never to our Axumite Kingdom which arose hundreds of years later. Although those other neighbors, other than India, have nothing to show for democracy today, Ethiopia might have – just might have –picked it up. But this is speculative story for another day).

Without public discussion, and an informed citizenry, EPRDF’s democracy has been for the last 2 and half decades an item on display for foreign, mostly Western consumption and view. As to the periodic balloting, suffice it to state the 2010 results where the incumbent got over 99%. It says volumes about the distortion and hurdles genuine democracy is facing in Ethiopia.

It is in light of this that growing inequality in the country affects many millions of lives. Although Ethiopia does not face a serious famine on the level of 1974 or 1985, there are millions of its citizens that are severely undernourished, and it is one of 10 countries in the world with a specter of famine hovering. At least 30 million of Ethiopia’s 90 million people are victims of lack of basic necessities. As Seid Hassan repeatedly showed, upward inflationary trends disproportionately impact the poor. Had it not been for the World Bank’s safety nets project, this number would have been much higher. According to the Bank, since 2005, they have been approving credit to fund Ethiopia’s social productive safety nets project. This has reduced household vulnerability and food insecurity. On the average, about 5-8 million people annually depend on foreign aid.

While this is commendable to reduce mostly rural poverty, the ranks of the poor in Ethiopia seem to be growing.

Papers like the Guardian recite questionable data taken from World Bank and UNICEF (there has been credible evidence that the government cooks these data and recirculates them) about the success of Ethiopia achieving such milestone as reducing child mortality, and expanding health extension programs. However, in another reportage, NPR reporter Amy Walters (August 14, 2014) reports on the dismal condition of the flagship hospital in Addis Abeba, Black Lion Hospital: power blackouts, lack of cleanliness, whole families cramped out under trees, the neonatal unit assigning three to a bed, and shortage of basic supplies.

This is the hospital where the urban poor might be able to get some medical help. The rich and those with capabilities crowd the fancy private clinics and foreign hospitals.

Around the same time, on August 22, 2014, Caroline Knowels, of guardian.com, talks about our citizens making a living on Addis Abeba’s largest landfill called Koshe(see pictures). 200-300 poor people, backs bent and hooks in hand, daily fight for scraps with dogs, goats and birds. The cast-offs of affluence from the Bole area, and food discarded by airline passengers are the prized items. Occasionally, a person hoping to grab the best parts, jumps on the back of the trash truck and gets caught and crushed in the machine’s rubbish crusher.
Of those living a little better life than the “workers” at Koshe, only one in 25 households have access to improved toilet facilities which are not shared with other households. According to the Wash Ethiopia Movement NGO, nine in ten households in Addis Abeba use open pit latrines. At a community toilet shared by 35 households in a typical Addis Abeba neighborhood, the stench rank, they make a lot of users ill with typhoid and diarrhea. The community pays 1,200 birr for waste removal once a month and in some cases charges outsiders 1 birr to use them. In Addis Abeba, only 64% of the people have access to tap water. Only 2% of the population has a sewer connection.

And how do the well-to-do Ethiopians live? Berhanu Nega cites an example in his book “Democracyna Hulentenawi Limat BeEthiopia”(p. 169). He says he had a talk to give at the Sheraton Addis along with other speakers, and at the end of the talk, a businessman he knows invites him for a drink. Berhanu orders a cold, domestic beer, however, his host insists that he would rather have him some other expensive drink, and motions to the bar tender to give Berhanu a glass of “that special drink”. As the bar tender busies himself with the order, Berhanu querries the bar tender what that special drink is. The bar tender reveals that a glass of that cognac costs a mere 1,500 birr! Berhanu refused to order it, and before leaving tells the host that the glass of cognac @1,500 birr is the annual income of an average Ethiopian.

Connoisseurs say that at the Sheraton Addis, there are 22 brands of vodka and 31 brands of scotch. EPRDF’s foreign partners rather than holding the regime accountable for the growing wealth inequality and prodding it to do its level best to narrow the gap, instead prefer to gauge Ethiopia’s progress by the number of newly minted millionaires. According to NW-Wealth.com, between 2007-2013, Ethiopia topped all African countries in the growth percentage of millionaires at 108%. Starting with 1,300 millionaires in 2007, it more than doubled them in 2013 at 2,700. If the trend holds, we will have 3,000 of them this year! While most of them may be connected to the party and it is a milestone for them to celebrate, this is a hollow victory for the 30 million Ethiopians that worry about their next meals. It is not hard to guess that members in this exclusive club include thieves like Towfik Abdullahi, and other high-placed government thieves.

A radical generation has made the maximum sacrifice some 40 years ago to see a just and fair Ethiopia. Instead, under the EPRDF, the reverse journey is accelerating in high gear. What is astounding is the utterances and practice of some of the TPLF people who purportedly fought on behalf of the poor people of Tigrai. TPLF Officialdom of course have mansions and beautiful homes in excluded parts of Makelle and in the Bole area of Addis. Some of them, swelling with ill-gotten wealth and corruption have become contemptuous of the poor folks they are lording over. Andualem Aragei, a prisoner of conscience of the TPLF, relates a story illustrating such hubris in his book, “Yaltehedebet Menged”, (p. 105). In jail, checking his financial standing, and finding that his bank account has little to nothing, they hurled insults at him repeatedly saying “you poor bastard! Son of the wretched poor!”!

What to make of this?

The EPRDF governance has not only left millions of poor people behind, but is manifestly corrupt top to bottom. Ermias Kebede, in his book, YeMeles Tirufatoch”, (p.64), talks about many examples of this pervasive corruption. Suffice it to cite the example of one such corrupt party member. Dr. Towfik Abdullahi’s corruption has no bounds. A Hariri and beneficiary of the corrupt system, the medical doctor has been notoriously falsifying medical records of would be emigrant laborer women to the Middle East. He demanded 1,000 birr each from these poor women for such a medical certificate, and told some of them falsely that they were HIV positive. A few daring women got a second opinion with an honest medical doctor and got a healthy diagnosis and exposed the corrupt malpractice of Towfik whom the system nurtures, and instead of confronting justice, in a second gig, ran unsuccessfully for the presidency of the Ethiopian Sports Federation. And what about a colleague of Berhanu Nega when they both were officers at the Ethiopian Economic Association, who confided to Berhanu that he has been offered two positions by the regime to choose, and he is using the criterion of in which agency he can accumulate illegal wealth the fastest. The two governmental agencies were the Anti-Corruption Commission (sic!) and a Councilman position in Addis Abeba municipalty. Yes, the reader guessed it right! He chose the latter (p.192). Gebru Asrat, a one- time TPLF/EPRDF official, in his book, “Li alawinetina Democracy in Ethiopia”, corroborates what Ermias and Berhanu cite about the rampant corruption within the ranks of government officials (p. 195, 201, 204, 322, 362, and 396).

Historically, education has been the creator of a level field ensuring poverty does not trap generation after generation of the poor. In meritocratic societies, with equality of educational opportunity, there is no reason that those born to poor parents should not break the cycle of poverty and change their life chances and status. Although such meritocracy was largely practiced in the West, recent trend lines show that only in the social democratic Nordic European countries this is assured. Other societies are being challenged by the power of money, inheritance and political connections.

We will next see if Ethiopia’s educational system under the EPRDF will contribute towards changing, and reducing the growing inequality in the country.


Declining quality of education adversely impacts more the poor, as those with resources have alternatives at their disposal to improve their life chances by the means of money and connections. To start with, educators tell us that the formative years of 1-5 are very crucial in one’s future educational success. In that regard, experts encourage wise investment in pre-school education and care of children. In Ethiopia, fate (or is it negligent regime?) is from the start against 68 children per 1,000 under the age of 5 as they prematurely die. This is in fact a far better number than the 200 deaths per 1,000 some 20 years ago. This is data EPRDF provided to the lending institutions and the World Health Organization in support of its claim of meeting the Millennium Development Goals of reducing child mortality by 2015. If the data is to be believed, still, the 68 deaths per 1,000 most disproportionately are deaths of children with poor mothers that did not have much to eat during pregnancy, and to get proper health care. Of those lucky enough to live, it is a safe bet to say that at least half of poor children are not going to school for lack of basic needs like food, shelter, and school supplies. This is strike 2 by fate. The small percentage (5% of poor children by some studies), then is faced with poor quality public schools that have little or no resources in contrast to those kids going to private and affluent schools. This is strike 3, and fate is not going to relent as it would pursue these hapless kids into middle and secondary education (where the dropout rate is 50% according to the Ministry of Education), and for those lucky enough to pursue their learning to tertiary level.

A few citizen commentators have written helpful essays on the current crisis in education in the country. The ones I have come across are on web pages inside the country and outside, including by Kal’ayu Abrha, Kidus Yohannes, Samrawit Hiruy, Assefa Belatchew, goolgul.com, and on a Wazema podcast, two educators, Abrham Alemu and Endalkatchew Haile Michael.

Their righteous indignation, fear, and concerns about the shockingly declining quality can be summarized and categorized as enumerated below.
1.The politicization of education: Meles himself opened the floodgates when he said in mid-2000 in the Ethiopian Parliament that his party focuses on one’s loyalty to EPRDF rather than on one’s educational level. This was not idle talk. As the Party’s practice over the last 2 decades have shown, political cadres make decisions in educational office appointments, they get the choice scholarships, and they lord over teachers and professors while being students (to the point of demanding test date changes, grade changes and the like). For these cadres, hard work and study are foreign notions, as they can get what they want, including jobs after “graduation” simply because of their affiliation and connection. This leaves the majority of poor students, who are unable to afford a private or foreign education, to get lower grades than the cadres because they have no influence, and eventually when they graduate to remain jobless, thus forcing their hand to compromise their principles and to reluctantly ally with a branch of the ruling party’s organizations.

2. Discipline: Because the system is so flawed and rigged, there is little incentive to observe school regulations, and law and order. Absenteeism, and only showing up on exam dates, is common, as are school site fighting and cheating.

3. Poor Quality of Education: This is a complex and circular problem. The quality of some teachers, especially those who are zonal university teachers, and to begin with got appointed not because of their undergraduate achievement, but due to “nativism”, and by the Ministry of Education’s decree, do not have to sit and pass a graduate university education exam, in turn go out with a master’s degree and go to schools where the bland lead the bland. This is on top of the worthless degrees that are bought offshore and that pass for qualifying proof of matriculation. Nowhere is this poor quality more manifest in the poor English knowledge of both teachers and students alike. The desire in majoring in math and physics (basic parameters for technology and engineering growth) is tragic. Although the government has a policy of 70/30 to encourage the reach of the education of science, as one of the commentators said “math and science education is feared with the intensity for the fear of AIDS”. As further evidence, Berhanu Nega quotes in his book a study by Forum for Social Studies in 2009, that said only 7.6% of high school students passed the national college entrance exam in 2007, and that number went even down the next year when only 3% passed (p.173).

4. Symbolism: The government seems to be perpetually seeking validation at home and abroad by announcing numbers and numbers only. The case of the over 30 university building is one such kitsch. No one questions about the quality and capacity of these institutions, not least the so-called development partners. They all parrot the “ 4 or so pre-EPRDF universities growing now into over 30” line. This shortchanging quality for quantity is not limited to the number of new universities alone. The regime awards its party affiliates to put workshops and produce posters to evaluate the “condition of education” in Ethiopia and to make recommendations. The never-ending workshops and recommendations have become a money making business to domestic and foreign partners of EPRDF, and thus money and resources that could have been allocated to make real dent in closing the gap between poor and rich, and improve education, is being circularly wasted.

5. Mercantilism in education: At present there is a cottage industry of unregulated neighborhood colleges and universities. They are degree mills. The instructors know not to give D’s and F’s as that would kill their market.

6.The regionalization of education: While the concept of decentralizing education in Ethiopia is excellent, as it will empower regions and provinces to properly manage the education of people in their respective regions, what is going on in EPRDF’s Ethiopia in the name of decentralized education is the raising of a generation that has no knowledge of other parts, cultures and provinces of Ethiopia. One of the goals of education is to contribute to the ideal of a common Ethiopian citizenship by teaching students about the geography, history and common virtues of its citizens. Unfortunately, in EPRDF’s Ethiopia, regions appear to have closed their doors, and looking at Ethiopians in other provinces as “Others”.

7. Lack of Academic Freedom: Centers of higher learning, especially universities, are places for independent thinking and free expression of thought. A university is a place of research and experimentation. If academic freedom is stifled as is the current practice, there is no vibrancy and life, and no new ideas to improve the nation’s future would be forthcoming.

8. No critical thinking in top to bottom education: An educational system afflicted with so many of the problems discussed above cannot be anything but a zombie, rote-learning, and walking dead system. Students want to conform and simply find jobs, rather than critically think and dissent when necessary.

9. Lack of Adequate Infrastructure: This should have been the easiest of the problems for EPRDF to solve. A regime that prides itself in erecting over 30 universities, and one that gets billions in development aid, has not been able to do basic infrastructure maintenance of some school facilities. Tables and desks are breaking in most schools; paint peeling off walls, there is a shortage of text books, live electrical wires in some schools are open posing danger; there are no working generators as substitutes for the frequent power outages; and there is no reliable internet service for teachers and students to reliably do studies and research.

In conclusion, there are a number of actions the so-called developmental state could take to improve the condition of the undernourished. Setting aside the fundamental issues of human rights, and opening up the democratic space, the regime could take narrowly focused economic actions. For one, it could listen to the counsel of the majority of citizens and attempt legally to get the port of Asseb. Millions of our citizens believe Asseb is rightly ours. That way, the port fee the government has been paying to Djibouti, according to Getachew Begashaw and others, to the tune of $745 million annually – breaking down to $4.03 per person per day for every Djiboutian, would rather be spent at home in poverty reduction. Two, the regime could vigorously, and not half-heartedly and motivated by politics, as it does now, prosecute corruption cases and stop the billions of dollars leaving the country, thus saving money that could have otherwise been spent on improving education and poverty reduction.

Who in their right minds would think that the children of Koshe residents would break the cycle of poverty and that they themselves would not continue to live off Koshe as their parents now do? Not while EPRDF stays in power, or stays on its current misguided course.
Fighting for narrowing the gap between rich and poor, and reducing the growing inequality in Ethiopia is a noble cause. The problem cuts across all ethnic groups, religions, and gender differences. It is an Ethiopian issue that must bring all Ethiopians of good will together in a socially just cause.

November 2014

  1. Zeleke
    | #1

    Viable middle class is a stage process not over night victory.

    Thanks to EPRDF’s unwavering smart leadership that Ethiopia’s economy is growing faster than ever in unprecedented pace, Ethiopia will become like Brazil, India, Japan, Russia, South Africa, singapor and like most European countries where there is a gap between the rich and poor, before its economies build viable middle class like north Americas economy.

  2. Tecola W Hagos
    | #2

    This lengthy essay/commentary by Solomon G/S is by far the most constructive criticism cum commentary on the present state of affairs of Ethiopia. I have read very many “doom and gloom” type commentaries in many websites where we are supposed to overlook any kind of positive undertakings by anyone in the current Ethiopian Government. Even if the men and women in power do absolutely nothing, the inertia (life) itself would generate something of value. Over the years, I have been highly critical of the political, economic, social, judicial, moral et cetera conditions in Ethiopia mostly due to flawed governmental policies and ineptitude of leaders of especially those key individuals at the very center of the power structure of the EPRDF/Ethiopian Government. However, I have also held accountable ourselves (individuals), for a number of the social ills that we Ethiopians back home or in the Diaspora suffered (or presently are suffering). The fact is that there are numerous activities that Ethiopians as individuals or in groups could have done on their own to change drastically quite a number of social and economic problems. Blaming the Ethiopian Government for everything that is wrong or lacking is a symptom of immaturity or of being sloth.

    This superb writer, Solomon S/G, misses one very important point in this essay, namely the role of the individual, foremost in the fate of the community or in one’s individual fate. He did mention in his last paragraph in an oblique sense about the role of individuals, but that is not the same as being thematically absorbing the role to be played by the individual, in his polemic/discussion. All of the philosophers, social scientists, politicians et cetera mentioned by Solomon, do accept the significant role of the individual human being as the core player in any socio-political processes. At any rate, the author of the essay is correct in concluding his essay with a paragraph that illustrate the depth of his understanding of our Ethiopian problem with an open ended admonishment that that we all participate in the process both as individuals and/or as part of a community. I quote here under this wonderful paragraph:
    “Who in their right minds would think that the children of Koshe residents would break the cycle of poverty and that they themselves would not continue to live off Koshe as their parents now do? Not while EPRDF stays in power, or stays on its current misguided course. Fighting for narrowing the gap between rich and poor, and reducing the growing inequality in Ethiopia is a noble cause. The problem cuts across all ethnic groups, religions, and gender differences. It is an Ethiopian issue that must bring all Ethiopians of good will together in a socially just cause.”
    Thank you Solomon G/S for this insightful commentary. I applaud your focus on education.
    Tecola W. Hagos

  3. Abebe Demeke
    | #3

    Equal opportunity to all is undeniable Justice, but to artificially to manipulate a system to create equality among the unequal is not only contradict meaningful Justice but also will parasitic segment of society. What The world included ETHIOPIA need is basic needs, schools and security be provided through social programs and welfare, otherwise the rest should be left to individual to up lift themselves by capitalizing on their talents and potentials.

  4. Hayalom
    | #4

    Eritreans were deported from Ethiopia for not paying taxes and abusing their power by borrowing money from banks without collateral. Another thing the TPLF did not like Eritreans for was their insult on Tigres on lack of cleanliness and hygeine. Eritreans were superior than other Ethiopians which created unequality and war that cost 100,000 people’s lives and disabled countless others.
    The creation of Nakfa currency and Badme were the tip of the iceberg of how much the Ethiopian survival was put in jeopardy due to Eritreans actions of insulting Tigrayans in public about their dirty slave like way of living living habits they were imposing on all.
    That is why I personally told Teddy to stop seeing his crooked Eritrean government sent girlfriend on many occasions because the TPLF soldiers were angry at her for complaining about their trash customs. Recently TPLF arrested Teddy Afro for not paying taxes. He even went to marry the Eritrean who is known for manipulating the Ethiopian financial system. More than 6,000 Eritreans had claimed asylum in Ethiopia in the past 37 days, double the rate seen in previous months, of 2014 Karin de Gruijl said. These Eritreans should be put to work to clean Ethiopia like they clean Eritrea and made it spotless like Asmara.

    Now I am hearing Ethiopia’s first lady with Eritrean origin Roman Tesfaye is paying more than $100,000 US Dolaars cash a year for her daughter Bitsit Hailemariam’s education at Columbia University in New York. .
    Bitsit graduated from the International Community High School of Addis Ababa last May 2014 . ICS costs more than $25,000 US dollars a year just for high school education in Addis Ababa , Ethiopia.
    Rather than spending an arm and a leg on their children,the unelected officials should spend money on life saving simple infrastructures of housing and sanitations protecting ethiopians from diseases like ebola.



    No wonder Andargachew Tsige resigned from his job as Addis Ababa’s mayor under TPLF government.

  5. ኣኞ
    | #5


  6. Dawi
    | #6

    Solomon said:

    [..In conclusion, there are a number of actions the so-called developmental state could take to improve the condition of the undernourished. Setting aside the fundamental issues of human rights, and opening up the democratic space, the regime could take narrowly focused economic actions..]]


    Here Solomon is meeting the government half way at least by not totally discounting all of their achievements but asking them to open up the democratic space for those Ethiopians who at present are not part of the reconstruction of the country. This is a legit demand in my book.

    Off course we have seen some who have not asked for a guarantee and are back home doing what they can; they should be commended however, for those who are reluctant and not sure if the government declares a bonafide guarantee to those who don’t trust it that they will be protected and left alone to do constructive contributions to the country, it will be a welcome gesture and the right thing to do.

    Who knows that might entice the good folks like Solomon, Prof. Tecola and others to go back and be part of the solution?

    [[..master’s degree and go to schools where the bland lead the bland..]]

    What is wrong with a “moderate” leading a “moderate”? It equals to average.

    It sure isn’t as bad as what you meant as the “blind” leading the “blind”? :-).

  7. Lukas
    | #7

    The growing economic inequality in Ethiopia is also about the widening ethnic inequality in the country. The economic politics of the ethnical fascit reule of the TPLF is discriminatory and favours the Tigrayans. It is marginalizing and excluding the rest of the country`s communities. This is in turn leading to the concentrtion of wealth in the hands of the few (the Tigrayan rich) and is creating the ground for ethnic resentment and conflicts. It is not sustainable.

  8. warka
    | #8

    THE ethnic apartheid system of Tigre people liberation front is by its nature designed to create discrimination, repression,and violence among the various ethnic groups. The ethno apartheid system generates inequality because it is designed to fit this purpose. The system sustains itself by creating contradictions and fabricating lies backed up by violence and therefore cannot be expected to be manifested as discriminatory, fascistic and ethno centric.

    The writer seems to be dismayed by the level of destitution of the majority of ethiopians on the one hand and the looted wealth accumulated by Tplf ‘tegadalay’ and tries to present this situation as if it is new and just happened yesterday, it is therefore misleading to come up with suggestions of this kind.

  9. kentu
    | #9

    Unlivable but true. Year 1982- 1985 from 1998-2000. Release prisoners of war and make them enemy soldiers Shania release priso ers and join. Tplf weyane realse them and fights. Against Shania 1998 a great shame in human. History .2012 Saudi. Deported innocents Ethiopian as a diaspora we protest. Infront of Saudi imbassy but no one show up even embassy. Guard. Then we make a empty slogan,,Saudi you pay a price. We went yeman embassy. The same Yemen. You pay price,, it is really great shame not only. For this generation. For next 7 generation

  10. kentu
    | #10

    1998 ethio,Eritrea war even derg pilots. Release and send a fighter. Pilot even some brought. Them. From exile Uganda. To war it is not normal mind

  11. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #11

    ለነገሩ አሰልቺ “contraን” በመስጠት that # 6 in hier በጥቅስ ምልክት ብቻ ሳይሆን፣ ይዳነቅለት ዘንዳ በቅንፍ ምልክቶች ሁሉ በማሸብረቅ የሚቀድመው የለም:: እዚህ ላይ ግን ብንጠብቅ-ብንጠብቅ he didn’t give any “contra” tot that # 4 and other enemies of ህዝቢ ትግራይ in hier. ለምን…..!? ቅጥረኞች ግራና ቀኝ ክንፎቹ ስለሆኑ? ወይንስ ህዝብን አናክሰህ „ምርጫን አሸንፍና“ የዘረፋ እድሜህን አራዝም በሚለው የመንፈሰ ድሃነት ትልም መሰረት ልቅነታቸውን ማሌሊት ስለፈለገችው?

    Oder, wurde die Aufgabe Uns überlassen, um uns dadurch in die Zange zu nehmen……….!? HA…HA….! የማይሳካ ህልም:: ስድነት አልባ መሆናችንና እንዲሁም በሩቅ ሆነን የአራት ኪሎ ጥመኞች አለመሆናችን ከማንኛውም ተጠቂነት ተከላካይ ህልውናችን መድሃኒታችን……..!

    ብቻ እንድያው ጉንበት በተቃረበ ቁጥር እኛ መከራችንን በማየት የስልጣን ጥቅም ናፋቂዎች voodooአቸው ጥንቆላ ፈቺዎች መሆናችን…! መሆን ካለበት ግን እንግዲህ እንወጣው እንጂ ሌላ ምን ምርጫ አለን……………!

    ጉንበት 1991 ፈረንጅ ሊቀራረብ አካባቢ ደርግ-መንግስቱ-በቂጣቸው ሳንጃ ብንከትባቸው የማይታሰበውን ያሳስበዋል:: መቐለን ለወያኔዎች ሰጥቶ ከነሱ ጋራ እንደመስማማት ይልቅ, ሁለት ወፍጮም የላቸው የሚለውን መፈክሩን በእነሱ ላይ ይወረውርና፣ ከሻዕቢያ ጋራ ተስማምቶና ለሻዕቢያ የሆነ ዘለቄታዊ ዋስትና የሌለው ፈደረሽን ምንትሴ ሰጥቶ አረጋግቶና ከሻዕቢያ ጋራ ሆኖ ህወሓትን ለመጨፍለቅ ያለውን ውጥኑን በተግባር ለማዋል ያንቀሳቅሳል:: ቆቄ ህወሓትም ይሄንን ጉዳይ ባሉዋት ሰላዮች ትደርበትና የራስዋን መጨፍለቅን አክሽፎ ለጨፍላቂነት የሚያበቃትን ትልም ትምዛለች:: ወታደራዊ መፍትሄውና ሻዕቢያንም ወደድክም ጠላህም ነፃነትህን ታገኛለህ፣ ከዚያም ደግሞ ኢትዮጵያንም አብረን እንዘርፋለን የሚለውን ዘለቄታዊነት የሌለውን ቃል በማሰማት ሻዕቢያ ራሱ የማይፈልገውን ነፃነትን አሳቅፎ በራስ በጎን ለማቆምና፣ አብሮ ደርግን ለማባረር በሚለው ፕላን ለማሰለፍ ህወሓት አውጠንጥኖውን ታስቀምጣለች::

    ህወሓት ግን ሌላ ከፍተኛ ችግር ተደቅኖ ታያት:: የራስዋው ደደቢት-ጭላ-ወርዒ ሆኖ ያላት የማስተዳደር ልምድና ችሎታ እና የእየተጠላልፍክና እየተተደጋገፍክ ጉዞ ጓደኛዋ ሻዕቢያ የናቅፋ ልምድ፣ አዲስ አበባ ላይ ተኩኖ ታላቅዋን ኢትዮጵያንም ሆነ፣ አስመራ ላይ ሆኖ ጦጣ ግንባር ኤርትራን ለማስተዳደር እንደማይበቃ ደሳበታለች:: ወዲ ሓትሆ ኢሳያስ ግን እንዲህ አይነት ውስብስብነት ሊመጣ እንደሚችል ሁሉ ከማሰላሰል ይልቅ ነፋ ነፋ የማለት ደም ፍላቱ ከፍ ይልበትና ገና ናቅፋ እንዳለ የመላ አፍሪቃ መሪዎችን በጅምላ መዝለፍን ይቀድመዋል::

    ህወሓት በአንድ በኩልም ደርግን እየረገመች(ደርግ አዲስ አበባ ቁጭ ብሎ ለኛ ደግሞ መቐለን ቢተውልን እኮ ያው በደደቢቱ ልምዳችን እናስተዳድረው ነበር፣ ግን አዲስ አበባንስ እንዴት ልናስተዳድር ነው ብላም እያማረረች) ደንቆሮው ደርግ ግን ይሄንን ከማድረግ ይልቅ የህወሓትን ጥፋት ስላውጠነጠነ መገርሰስ አለበትና, ግን አዲስ አበባ ውስጥ ሆነን እንዴት ዓባይ ኢትዮጵያን ልናናስተዳድር ነው የሚለውን ስታብላላ፣ መላ የደርግ ቢሮክራት የነበረው በተለይም ትግራይ-አምሃራው እንደማይታዘዛት ትደርስበትና፣ መሉለሙሉ ይሄንን ትግራዋይ-አምሓራይን እንዴትና በምን እንደምትለውጠው ብታብጠረጥር፣ ለኢትዮጵያ ምንም ቅንጣትም ወገናዊነት በሌላቸው ኤርትራውያን mercenaries ልታስተዳድር ትወስናለች:: ሊመጣ የሚችለውንና ኢትዮጵያውያን የሌሉበት የmercenaries ቢሮክራሲ ነው የሚለውን ወቀሳ ለመወጣት ያህል በየአህጉሮቹ እየተናጠረች አንዳንድ የኢትዮጵያ አቅጣጫ በየት በኩል እንደሆነ የጠፋቸውን ኢትዮጵያውያን፣ በፈለኩበት ጊዜ አሽቀንጥሬ ልወረውራቸው እችላለሁኝ ብላ ስለምትተማመን፣ ግን ለማዛነቅያ ያህል ትለቃቅማለች:: በዚህ ውጥኗ ላይ ግን ያልጠብቀችው እምቢተኝነት ይገጥማታል:: ኤርትራውያን ወደ „ሲንጋፖር“ ነው እንጂ የምሄደው የዓጋመ ቢሮክራሲ አገልጋዮች አንሆንም ስላሉ፣ አብዛኛዎቹም በርግጥም ዮሴፍ/ አዲስ አበባ የተቀበረውንም ሬሳቸውን ሁሉ ቆፍሮ በማውጣት እየያዙ ወደ ኤርትራ ሲሄዱ፣ ሳይሄዱ የቀሩትም TPLFን ከማገልገል ይልቅ የሻዕቢያ አምስተኛ ኮሎነ ሆነው በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ማንኛውንም የንብረትና የህሊና አክሻፊነት ሚናን መጫወት ይጀምራሉ:: ከዚያም ከዚህም የተለቃቀሙት „ኢትዮጵያውያን ፕሮፈሽናልስም“ ሊቋቋሟቸው ስላልቻሉ፣ ወያነ እነዚህን hippocratismeን ከማንፀባረቅ በስተቀር ለምንም የማይጠቅሙትን „ፕሮፈሽናልስንና“ Eri የሻዕቢያን አምስተኛ መስመርተኞችን ጠራርጋ አባራ ስታበቃ የኢትዮጵያን ቢሮክራሲ ተሳካም አልተሳካም በደደቢት እረኞች ለማንቀሳቀስ ጥብቅ ውሳኔ ትወስዳለች:: ውስጠ ሚስጢሩ በእንደዚህ ኢትዮጵያን ብናስተዳደራት፣ ምንም እንኳን ለህዝቡ ጠቄሜታ ባያመጣም ለእኛ የዘረፋ ተግባራት ግን እንዲያውም ያመቸ ነው፣ ብሎ በማመን ነው:: (በእርግጥም የዚህ ቅንብር ውጤት ይሄው በእንደዚህ ኢትዮጵያውያን በሚራቡበት ስዓታት ላይ የተወሰኑ የአለም ባንኮች በጥቂቶች ኢትዮጵያውያን ንብረት አብጦው ይገኛሉ::) ልክ እዚህ ደረጃ ላይ እንደተደረሰ የአስመራ ሁናቴ ሁሉ ወደ „ሲንጋፖርነት“ ሳይሆን ወደ የምድር ገሃነመ እሳትነት እንደሚያመራ ግልፅ እየሆነ መጣ:: በገዛ ራሳቸው የሄዱትና ወያነ ያባረራቻቸውም Eriዎችም በጅምላ ችግርና ፀፀት ውስጥ ይገባሉ፣ አንገታቸውንም ወደ አዲስ አበባ አካባቢ ማርዘምን ይያያዛሉ:: ወያነ ግን አምስተኛ መስመርተኛነታቸውን አይተዉም በሚል ስጋት በፊት አስባው እንደነበረ ሁሉንም ለመቀበል ትንሽ ስለሰጋች፣ ከማሌሊት አመራር ጋራ የሆነ የስጋ ዝምድና ያላቸውን ብቻ ተቀብላ፣ ሌሎቹን ብዙሃንን እምቢ ስላለቻቸው፣ እድላቸው በጠቅላላው አለም መበተን ብቻ ሆነ:: በየተበተኑበት ሆነው ግን እንደ ተጋሩን ወጥሮ ለመያዝ የሚያገለግል የወሬ አመላላሽነትና በለካ-ለኽዓካ አየር ባየር አወናጫፊ ሃይሎች ሆነው እንድያገለግሉ ህወሓት ታሰማራቸዋለች:: ማቹ ጭንጋፍም ጭራሽ እስከነ ካርቱም ድርስ ሁሉ እየሄደ፣ ቆልዓ ትግራይ ከእንባሶይራ-ባርካ ጠራርጎ ከሰላ ላይ ከበተናቸውና፣ በኋላ ግን በገዛ ራሳቸው ወደ ካርቱም የተሸጋገሩትን ሁሉ፣ አይዙዋችሁ፣ ተጋሩን በመወጠር መስክ ቦታ ይዠላችኋለሁ፣ ይላቸው ጀመረ:: እነሱም አንድም ጥቅምን ይጠብቃሉ፣ ሁለትም ያለፈ ቂም በቀል አለባቸውና በልባቸው ደስታ ይሰማቸውና፣ „ምንስ ቢሆን የኛው ባንዳ አይደለ እንዴ“ በማለት ማቅራራትን ጀመሩ:: ቀደም ሲልም ጥርሳቸው ተነቅለው ከአስመራ የተባረሩት (ይሄው ዛሬ ተመልሰው የአስመራ ደምሒት ሊሆኑ!) ተገልቢጡኒ እንዲሉት፣ የገዛ ራሱን አስታክኮባቸው „ የተባረሩት ባንዳ ተጋሩ ስለሆኑ ሊታዘንላቸው አይገባም“ ሲል ለንጨጩን ገልፍጦ ነበርና፣ ከተጋሩ ጋራ የማይስማማውና ዓድዋ ውስጥም አንድም ሌሊት ሊያድር የማይችለው ባንዳው በስር መሰረቱ በእነሱ እንደሚተማመን ያውቃሉ:: በእንደዚህ እንግዲህ ወደ ሃያ አመታት ታለፈ::

    አሁን ደግሞ ጭንጋፉ በሞተበትና የሲንጋፖርነት ቅዠትም ከጭንቅላት ተሟጥጦ አውጥቶ በተጣለበት ጊዝያቶች ላይ ምርጫ ጉንበት 2015 እየተቀራረበ በሚገኝበት ስዓታት ላይ „Was man tut ist wichtiger als was man hatን“ ያልሰሙ ስዶችና ከሩቅ ሆነው አራት ኪሎን ናፋቂዎች ዘላለማቸውን በፍትወተ ንዋይ የተጠፈሩት፣ አሁን ታሪክን ወደኋላ ገልብጠው ቅድመ ጉንበት 91ን መለስ በሌበትና የሲንጋፖርነት ህልምም በጠፋበት ስዓታትን ይመኛሉ:: ስለሆነም አበረኛ መከረኛ ጉንበት ሲቀራረብ ወደ ታክቲከ ቅድመ ግንቦት 91 ሊመለሱ የተዘጋጁ ይመስላሉ:: የሲንጋፖር ህልም ጠፍቶ፣ ኤርትራ የምድር ገሃነበ እሳት መሆኑም ለሁሉም ግልፅ ሆኗል፣ ምንም እንኳን ጭንጋፋ የmercenaries መተማመኛም ቢያልፍም ግን structuሩ እንዳለ ስለሚመስል፣ ከምብሓድሽ ሁለቱም „ሃይሎች“ እድላቸው የመጣ መስልዋቸው በስግብግብነትና በስድነት ጠባየ ገፃቸው እኛን in die Zange ሊቀረቅሩን ጡዝ-ጡዝ ማለትን እያበዙ ናቸው:: ማሌሊትም እመሃከላችን በሚገኛው ወኪልዋ አድርጋ you are okay, ብቻ ቀጥሉበት ብላ:“to go back and be part of the solution?” የሚለውን ድምፅ ወደነሱው አቅጣጫ በመወርወር ታበረታታቸዋለች:: ለዚህም ነው በነዚህ ግዝያቶችና እዚህም ፅሑፍ ላይ „የምርጫ“ 2015 አሽቃናጭ እየበዛ መስሎ የሚታየው ያለው:: የዚህ ማነህ ያለህ ስግብግብ ጥቅምና ስልጣን ፈላጊ፣ አፈላላጊና የገደል ማሚቶ አሰራጭ፣ በመሃከላችን ያለው „የመንግስታችን ወካይ“ “to go back and be part of the solution?” የሚለውን ጥያቄ ከመሰንዘሩ ገና አስቀድመው፣ ባላቸው የግል ጥቅምን በማስቀደም ወዶ ገብ ዘላዮችና እንዲሁም የትግራይን ህዝብ ስምን በማጥፋት ልምድ ያላቸው ሁሏ፣ በፊት ባመለጣቸው መስክ ከምብሓድሽ ለመሳተፍ የቀን ተለሊት ህልማቸው እንደሆነ ጉዳዩን በደንብ formulate በማድረግ ድምፃቸውን የሚያሰሙት ያሉት:: MLLTም ምንም እንኳን የ1991ዱ ባንዳው ለስልጣን ተንሰፍሳፊው በሞት ቢለያቸውም፣ ግን አሁንም የእሱን ሜላ ለመከተል መነሳታቸው፣ የእሱ አይነቶቹ ባሁኑ ግንቦትም የስልጣን ቁንጮነቱን ለመጨበጥ ተዘጋጅተዋል:: ይሄው እንግዲህ እነሱው ራሳቸው እንዲሉት ነገሩ ሁሉ እንደ ግመል ሽንት ወደኋላ ሊረጭ…!!: HA…….HA………….!

    ለነገሩ በመሃከላችን የሚገኘው “የመንግስታችን ተወካይ” ያለ የሌለውን ጥቅስ በደንብ ይታይለት ዘንዳ ቅንፍ ውስጥ በማስገባት መልስ በመስጠት የሚቀድመው የለም:: በየውስጥ ካድሬዎቹ የትግራይ ህዝብ ሲዘለፍ ግን ብንጠብቅ-ብንጠብቅ ምንም በቅንፍም ሆነ በጥቅስ ምልክት የቀረበ መልስ የማይታይበት “የትግራይ ህዝብ ነፃ አውጪ!” HA….HA…!!!

    ግን አደራ ሌሎቻችሁም በዚህ ምህረት የለሹ አባባላችን ተማምናችሁ „ትግሬን እርስ በራሱ ለማናከስና ትግሬን ለማድቀቅ እድሉ የመጣ“ መስሎ እንዳይታያችሁ፣ ይልቁንስ ከሁሉም በቅድሚያ ዓባይ-ትግራይ ተዋቅሮና በተግባር ውሎ (ጎጃምና ጎንደር ባንድ ላይ እንደተዋቀሩት ማለት ነው) ከዚያም ጠቅላላ ኢትዮጵያውያን በመፈቃቀድና በሰላም አብረው የሚኖሩበትን ጉዳይ ማሰላሰሉ ይቅደማችሁ፣ እንዲህ ከሆነ እኛንም ትግራይስ ከሚደቅ፣ ማሌሊት ለዘላለም ትንገስ ከሚለው ዱጋ-ማርያማችን እንድንላቀቅ ትተባበሩናላቹህ ማለት ነው …………………………………….!!

    ብቻ ይሄ ጉንበት ደግሞ አልፎልን……………..! ለማንኛውም ግን ህልሞች በሙሉ ከይዘቶች ጋራ ማያያዝን የመሰለ ነገር የለም…….!

  12. Ohio
    | #12

    Unconstructive criticism, negativism and hatred can not be substitution for ration alternative political agenda. If we are serious about political opposition must show meaningful viable socioeconomic agenda not old tired propaganda and hatred.

  13. Tsegai Berhe
    | #13


    It is rather baffling TPLF’s crimes
    are all around us but yet barrage of books, articles and news pieces are
    written and bogus institutions and Medias created to make the fairytale TPLF
    led regime looks real and acceptable. HERE IS SAN FRANCISCO , CALIFORNIA USA

    I see countless TPLF tourists DINING AT MY RESTAURANT WHILE THEY ARE INTOWN visiting


    finances for purchasing commercial properties spending millions of dollars cash .

    http://WWW.HAILEGIRMA.COM GOT REGULAR TPLF CLIENTS he serves as accountants.

    Whether they do it because they believe
    TPLF is a legitimate entity or simply to take advantage of the chaos it was
    empowered to create to divide-exploit the people and the nation is not clear.
    But one thing is abundantly clear for all; Ethiopians are under occupation of a
    confused mercenary like ethnic regime led by TPLF. If institutions, including
    Medias can’t see this reality, either they are as bogus as the fairytale regime
    –tangled up with their own petty interest or part-and-partial of TPLF willingly
    conspiring to commit crimes.

    A strange phenomenon is happening
    with Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF). It appears the inevitable identity
    crisis of to be-or-not-to-be a Tigray Chiefdom it claimed to fight for or a
    Federal bandit it turned out to be in Nations and Nationality it created and
    occupied is coming home to roost. That is not all; it still agonizing whether
    to stick with the Marxism ideology it was baptized to control and brutalize the
    population or the crony capitalism it adapted along the way to extort and robe
    the people and the nation.

    Intoxicated by political power and daylight
    robbery its enablers afforded it, it is having difficulty to choose between the
    empty bravado it pumps up its juveniles in the imaginary ethnic ‘Tigray’ people
    it liberated (use and abuse) in an imaginary Region (open air prison) and the
    Nations and Nationalities of Ethiopia it crafted to divide and exploit as a
    make-believe Federal government.

    To make matter worst, the
    self-professed ‘Tigray’ liberators turn bandits actually believe they duped
    Ethiopians and the world –telling their fairytale over-and-over again with
    crafty propaganda—aimlessly drifting away from reality to believe it
    themselves. In fact, it is amazing how many fairytale story tellers mushroomed
    in the last decade alone around the fairytale regime in order to sustain its
    rule and unprecedented corruption.

    It all started in one unfaithful day
    four decades ago when a half-dozen Ethiopian `juvenile armed with Marxist books
    sat around a table in a tearoom in Addis Ababa and decided to start a
    revolution to ‘free’ the ‘oppressed people’ of Ethiopia from ‘Feudalism’ as
    many of their contemporaries did. With too many ‘revolutionaries’ competing to
    free the same people in the name of the same ideology, the sorry juveniles with
    too much time on their hand figured out the only chance they got in the
    competition was to curved out an imaginary ethnic group called Tigray and made
    their newly minted identity a rallying cause for liberation-leaving the rest of
    the ‘oppressed people’ Ethiopia behind.

    ‘Imaginary ethnic group to liberate
    out of the way, they had to come up with an imaginary territory to match their
    newly minted identity and began drawing and redrawing territories to fit a
    fairytale history out of their back pockets. Short of the Fascist Italian
    occupied territory their Arabs led ‘Eritrean’ Liberation Front comrades
    declared their own, they started slicing and dicing wherever their juveniles
    mind took them to curve out a territory called Tigray and became a fairytale
    Liberation Front and found out they were conspiring in a territory they declared
    an enemy they no longer belong. Read more… http://ethio.ecadforum.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/The-tale-of-TPLF.pdf


  14. Betew J.
    | #14

    There is inequality in America, there is in equality in Canada, there is inequality in Chaina, there is in equality in UK, there is inequality Japan, there is in equality in Germany,there is in equality in france,there is in equality in south Africa,There is in equality in Sweden, there is in equality every where.

  15. Shegaw Dejene
    | #15


    No amount of defamation, lies and self deceptive propaganda will defeat the ruling party (EPRDF)out of office, if you are serious about challenging and defeat EPRDF, then must show better sociopolitical agenda that appeal to the mass. If not, then EPRDF will keep on re-elected again and again on their good economic record for years and years to come.

  16. meseret
    | #16

    Do you think that all men are created equal? You tolerant?
    “History shows that there never was absolutely equal peoples, cultures and civilizations. Some achieve greatness regularly, others to him no nearer. Different ways of life, religion, ideas; equality not find anywhere else. In general, life — this consequence of an inequality


  17. Dawi
    | #17

    Ancient-Yeha.eu said:

    [[.. ለነገሩ በመሃከላችን የሚገኘው “የመንግስታችን ተወካይ” ያለ የሌለውን ጥቅስ በደንብ ይታይለት ዘንዳ ቅንፍ ውስጥ በማስገባት መልስ በመስጠት የሚቀድመው የለም:: በየውስጥ ካድሬዎቹ የትግራይ ህዝብ ሲዘለፍ ግን ብንጠብቅ-ብንጠብቅ ምንም በቅንፍም ሆነ በጥቅስ ምልክት የቀረበ መልስ የማይታይበት “የትግራይ ህዝብ ነፃ አውጪ!” HA….HA…!!!...]]

    Brother Yeha,

    Meles happen to come from the Ethiopia’s region you mentioned and was one of the founders of TPLF/MLLT alright but, his world class vision of the “democratic developmental state” as articulated after the brutal crackdown of 2005 Election encompasses not only Ethiopia but the rest of Africa and beyond. Meles emerged as one of the most influential African leaders. He was a builder of institutions and an intellectual leader. In our case as you pointed out, he promoted a new generation of leaders, grooming them to take power at the 2015 election, when he planned to step aside.

    Since it is obvious that you don’t appreciate or understand the “world class mind” he was, you can’t fathom his “vision” being embraced by folks beyond the region he hailed from. That is being short sighted.

    Not just you but, others with the habit of putting folks in a box hurts the quality of discussions we are able to conduct in all forums; in your case it is even cutting short of your otherwise appreciable analysis & very positive contributions here. Your articulation of the issue of “Eritrean Mercenaries” role in Ethiopia as Ato Sebhat mentioned it as quoted in Prof. Tecola thread for instance, was very interesting; for me there is a value to that because it exposes the character of Shaebia even more.

    I read all your comments but, as you seem to switch from one language to another in a dime, I sometimes miss getting your full point however, this particular comment not only has things about me but, your valuable view was one of the clearest for me to understand.

    Thank you for that.

  18. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #18


    For example: 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen ክድዓት of the whole CONTINET!


  19. Hiruth
    | #19

    The Solomon Article is too long and boring. inequality everywhere.
    He started by saying ”

    “The 1960’s generation of Ethiopian youth was impressed and influenced by the egalitarian philosophy of Marxism.”
    That is the source of the problem today. The 1960′s anarchist cause a generation to be lost.

  20. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #20


    and please one or two more Point(s):

    I am not a sympathizer of this ኣብ ኩሉ ኣጉድ’ሞ ኣብ ዝሞቐካ ስሓን ዋዣቂነት or that ከፍርሑና ኢሎምስ ግን ቀዲምና ኣፍሪሕናዮምስ ብዝወሓደ ናይ ሰብ ህይወት ጥፍኣት ጥራሕ ተገላጊልናዮም; ንወዲ ሰብ ናፃ ከውፅእ እየ ኢልካ ድሕሪ ኣብ ሜዳ ቃልሲ ምእታውስ, ግን’ከስ ገና ቁሩብ complications ኣብ ጉዕዞ ቃልሲ ካብ ምክሳቱስ ናብ level ANIMALISM ወሪድካስ ቁሩብ’ዶስ ወይስ ብዙሓት ቀተልና ኢልካስ ብዛዕባ ሞዋቲን ተራፊን ቁፅርታት ጥራሕ ምፅብፃብ:: ብርግፅ ቃልሲ ማለት ብዙሕ ውጣ-ውረድ ዘለዎ ተግባራት ንምዃኑ ኣሉ ኢልና አይኮነን!

    And what is this mercenary #14 trying to tell us!? መንከስ’ዩ ዐዕሲብዎ…..!!??

    ኣብ ማእኸልኩምስ ዋላ’ዶ ሓደ’ኳ በቕንዕና መንገዲ ምስ ካልኦት ክረዳዳእ ዝፍትን የለን!!?? ኩሉኹምስ ከምዙይ እንደ ግበሮ ክእዘዘካ መንታን ጥራሕ ዝኽእለትኩም…..!!?? ሰናይ እንዶ ግበረሉ’ሞ ክረዳድአካ ምእንታን, ዝብሃል ነገር ዘይትፈልጡ!!?? ምኒልክ እተሳኸዐሉ ይመስል:: መንፈስ ተጋሩ ደቒቑ ይርአ ኣሎ!

    ወረ ንምዃኑ ነዙይ-ነዙይ ድኣ እቲኦም ካልኦት ቀዳሞት ኣጋስሳታት ስለምንታይ ተገርሲሶም!!?? ንስኻትኩም ንብረት ንኽትዘርፉ መእንታን ጥራሕ!!?? ንሕናስ ድማ ንወዲ ሰብ ኩሉ ናፅነት ንኽመፅእ ተባሂሉ መሲሉና ነይሩ; ከይጠርጠርና ብየዋህነትና!! ብመወዳእትኡስ ለካስ ንሕና ኢና “ያልጠረጠረ ተመጠረ” ኮይና ተሪፍና!!

  21. Dawi
    | #21



    The $100bn for Africa the world has been discussing since 2009 was proposed by no other but, him, in Copenhagen in COP15.

    Before the COP16 held in Cancun, Meles, along with the Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, was chosen by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to identify the sources of the finance proposed in Copenhagen as well as the way on how to channel it to the users. Then in the Cancun meeting, he reported his group’s finding that it is possible to mobilise $100bn from the public and private sectors even at the time of financial crisis.

    In the next climate conference held in Durban, South Africa, the two key talking points were about renewing the Kyoto protocol and establishing the GCF.

    In this conference Meles is recognized to have saved the Kyoto protocol, which was about to collapse, and paved the way for the establishment of the climate fund in Doha in the next climate conference.

    It is documented that all the main points in the series of climate negotiations are his ideas.

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