The Invention of Ethnic Politics – Messay Kebede

January 22nd, 2015 Print Print Email Email

Take a random group of Ethiopians as you find them in any public place. You will never hear them defining themselves by a single characteristic. If you ask one of them how a person is defined, he/she will say that a person is defined by age, gender, class, social role, religion, culture, ethnic background, etc. This same person is also Ethiopian, African, and human. This means that, outside a political realm, individuals see their personality as a heterogeneous unity, as the interactions, interpenetrations of multiple identities yielding a unified person, like different notes compose a musical piece. This heterogeneous self is the reality of all individuals, how they grasp their essence and existence. Be it noted that nothing is distinct or dominant in the claimed unity; rather, all the factors interpenetrate and constitute a changing and complex sense of oneself.

Let us follow these individuals in their place of work, worship, or hangouts. A slight change occurs: though they remain the same individuals, they alternatively assume distinct, dominant features. In their work place, they areteachers, soldiers, security officers, judges, etc.; in their worship place, they are Orthodox Christians, Muslims, Protestants, etc.; in their hangouts, they are friends or mates. And when they return home, they arefathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, etc. In all these different places, one feature temporarily dominates all the rest.

Now let us go to a political meeting. Here profession and home personality subside into the background. Individuals are essentially labelled by their class, ethnic group, religion or gender, depending on the ideology of the group organizing the meeting. However, one difference springs up in the case of a meeting supporting an extremist agenda: not only are the leaders of the political meeting asking participants to subordinate all their person to one determination by which they demarcate themselves, but they also urge them to use the demarcation to oppose and exclude all those who do not belong to the same ethnic group, religion, or class. The intention is to obtain a high-poweredmobilization by overvaluing one determination to the point of stirring up deep emotional forces, such as fear, resentment, and hatred, or superiority and domination.
The result of this one-sided conditioning is that individuals completely identifythemselves with the overemphasized feature. Politicians promote this exclusory determination for two essential reasons. 1. It gives them complete control over the person: once they have induced a sectarian identity, they are in possession of a tool able to trigger at will all sorts of emotional responses from their followers. Evidently, the political elite cannot have absolute control over individuals if they retain many allegiances that involve themin different social milieus and entail different modes of association and behavior. 2. The overemphasized identity posits the exclusion of all who are not of the same religion, ethnic group, or class. This ordering crowns the excluders as the only legitimate representatives of the groups shaped by the segregating identities and, most importantly, repudiates all competing elites on the ground that they do not partake of the same identities.

A characteristic example of exclusion is the overdetermination of class in the ideology of Marxism-Leninism, which Ethiopian educated elites adopted in the 60s and 70s. As many of you remember, everything was then subordinated to class belongingand everything was analyzed from the perspective of class interests. The outcome was a politics of hatred against feudal and bourgeois classes and against all those who refused Marxism for one reason or another. It enabledthe mobilization of peasants, workers and self-righteous students and intellectuals, the very ones who claimed to have committed class-suicide. Most of all, it promoted power-hungry elites to the rank of political and ideological leadership on the strength of their lofty commitment to justice and freedom for the masses. However, disgruntled and ambitious members of the Ethiopian armed forces came out with a similar commitment, the outcome of which was the formation of the Derg. We know the rest, especially how the Dergturned the ideology of exclusion of students and intellectualsagainst themselves and assumed the sole leadership of the revolution.

Weakened by the lack of internal support, the Dergwas defeated by another politics of exclusion, this time based on ethnicity. Ethnic politics has its roots in the Marxist-Leninist ideology: like the latter, it is a politics of polarization (otherwise known as dialectics) aiming at destroying those perceived as opponents. This common inspiration facilitated the rise of ethnic ideology because the priority given to class by Marxism-Leninism had undermined national cohesion by presenting the imperial regime and the Derg as the dominance of the Amhara ethnic elite. Very early, those who created the TPLF understood that class exclusion, as advocated by the Marxist ideology, was a deadlock for them in that they would never achieve prominence on the national scene so long as the Amhara supremacy was still in place. To undermine that dominance, they needed a sectarian ideolgy not only for themselves but also for all non-Amhara Ethiopians: only in a country fragmented along ethnic politics could an elite claiming to represent a minority group hope to conquer national prominence.
With the help of the Stalinist version of Marxism, the founders of the TPLF reworked their socialist commitment in such a way that polarization moved from class to ethnicity. As a result, ethnic groups were baptized dominated nations, with the consequence that they gained the right to secede from Ethiopia if they so wish. With ethnicity, the leaders of the TPLF had thus created an exclusive entitlement to represent the Tigrean people, since unlike class or religion, the ethnic criterion excludes non-Tigrean from power competition. In addition, the fragmentation of Ethiopia gave them a hegemonic position as the only group commanding a viable armed force following the dissolution of the national army. To crown it all, the portrayal of the Amhara as the sole culprit for Tigrean marginalization andthe so-called “ferocious colonial” conquest and mistreat of the Oromo and Southern peoplesbecame the dominant discourse of ethnic federalism. The purpose of thisexaggerated and one-sided portrayal is to harness powerful sentiments of resentment and hatred to the politics of exclusion whose sole goal is the empowerment of a Tigrean elite.

Now contrast identity politics with the democratic ideal. Obviously, of all the forms of mobilization, the one that brings into play what individuals have in common rather than what separates them is none other than the democratic principle. It is inspired by the politics of human rights and expressly states that all individuals, regardless of age, gender, class, ethnicity, religion, etc., have equal rights. This form of mobilization comes close to the reality of the human person as a unity of heterogeneous commitments and is eminently refractory to the politics of exclusion. Its essence is to allow individuals to form free associations in accordance with their heterogeneous and varying interests and preoccupations.
To highlight the difference, take an Oromo for instance: besides being Oromo, he/she belongs to a class to which Amara and Tigreans belong as well; he/she is Christian or Muslim like Amhara and Gurage are Christian or Muslim; he/she is Ethiopian, then African, just like any other ethnic groups in Ethiopia. For an approach promoting human rights, the various identities of a person, far from being mutually exclusive, become complementary, thereby actualizing the reality of the human person as a unity of diversity.

Not so for ethnic politics: it reduces the human to one dimensionality and so is repressive, being but the manner people are shaped to empower a sectarian elite. It results in a closed society whose irony is that it must revive the diversity that it refuses in the name of ethnic purityin order to evolve into a democratic society. Indeed, in closing on itself, the ethnic community cannot but take note of its own internal divisions promoted by different class interests, diverse religious commitments, unequal regional and local statuses, etc. The way this diversity is recognized, better still allowed freedom of expression and organization decides its democratic future.

If diversity is a requirement of democratic organization, why then reject it in the greater union onlyto reestablish it in a smaller unit? Why not struggle here and now to organize the already given diversity into a democratic society? All the more reason for opting for the great union is that the postponement of democracy in the name of ethnicity could have the adverse effect of consecrating the model of a uniform society, which constitutes the stuff of all one-party systems, presidents for life, fundamentalist states, in short of dictatorial regimes. What political systems pursuing the socialist ideology, identifying state and religion, or enforcingethnic hegemony or purity,have in common is the practice of exclusion and the attendant totalitarian rule. To say so is to understand that polarizing politics, whatever its claim, is never about democracy. It is about empowering elites whose exclusiveness requires nothing short of totalitarian rule.

The belief that identity politics is the path to democracy ignores at its own perils the lessons of its application in Ethiopia. Not only are other ethnic groups suffering under the yoke of the hegemony of one sectarian elite claiming to represent the interests of an ethnic group, but also those who are supposed to be represented are made powerless against their own representatives. Indeed, to politically challenge the Tigrean ruling elite, Tigreans need to associate with other ethnic groups and they cannot do so without going against identity politics and establishing associations with other people based on class, professional, religious, etc., interests. But in so doing, they are certain to provoke the repressive power of the elite representing them, which power is no longer dependent on Tigray because it controls the national state of Ethiopia. In sum, all those who expect democracy through the ethnic path should pause for one moment and ponder over the saying: “የቆጡንአወርድብላየብብቷንጣለች.”

  1. Eniyew Bahru
    | #1

    we are really fed up with Messay Kebede and his venomous theory. He is well aware that he is of the past. The playing field has substantially changed.The real problem is that he has not really changed despite the new issues and audience prevalent at this time . He always barking to to show that is alive no more no less. He knows he has no influence whatsoever in Ethiopia. The camel is comfortably moving forward and
    no body cares to crocodile cries of Messay Kebede’s.

  2. Dawi
    | #2

    [[.. A characteristic example of exclusion is the overdetermination of class in the ideology of Marxism-Leninism, which Ethiopian educated elites adopted in the 60s and 70s. ... outcome was a politics of hatred against feudal and bourgeois classes and against all those who refused Marxism for one reason or another. It enabledthe mobilization of peasants, workers and self-righteous students and intellectuals, the very ones who claimed to have committed class-suicide...]]

    The presumption that “class” analysis is a “politics of hatred” is flawed because the political playing field has shifted including here in USA. Conservatives and Republicans have become open “class” warriors just like “Ethiopian educated elites” of the 60s and 70s”.

    Romney in his campaign against Obama called them “the 47% always voting Democrat” who depend on government handouts and who vote to secure that. They are the poor with subsidized health and education, illegal aliens, Medicare beneficiaries and all those who depend on government tax. The others are the 53% who are taxed to support the “moochers”. Therefore, the call was to invite the voting population to join him in fighting the “class” war.

    Republicans promise to end “abusive” taxation and other government programs redistributing wealth and income from the upper 53% to the lower 47%.

    At the end of the “class” war dependents will lose the government handout that destroyed their self reliance, cured of being “moochers” and forced to become independent just like the 53% :-)thus the Republican victory will be declared at the end. However, that didn’t happen and it was Obama’s party that won the “class” war for now. :)

    As the Professor explained “disgruntled and ambitious members of the Ethiopian armed forces came out with a similar commitment” to defeat the “power hungry elites”; the same thing happened to Derg when it was defeated by “another politics of exclusion, this time based on ethnicity”. He told us that “Ethnic politics has its roots in the Marxist-Leninist ideology”.

    The bottom line is the exploited class (workers) produce surplus value that the capitalists take and then use to control politics and sustain a social system that serves them.

    Others who are champions of the exploited class want to end that division between the capitalist and the working class.

    It is proven beyond a reasonable doubt that “class ideology” is a powerful analysis to come to power. TPLF/EPRDF used that to come to power. Now the question is how do you sustain to stay in power and make a difference? How does TPLF/EPRDF formed with “ethnic politics” and with its “roots in the Marxist Leninist ideology” use its power base to change society?

    EPRDF’s way as we know it, to stay in power now is by mainly redirecting “rents” which is the surplus value from large enterprises the state owns to areas that brings fast development to the society so that it eradicates poverty first and foremost.

    Today the Ethiopian state actively participates in or even dominates large corporations such as the telecommunications, heavy industry and uses vehicles such as EFFORT and groups of companies in areas they consider necessary to stimulate or to own in order to capture and redirect rents. Rents is used to build the “unfundable” GERD, sugar factories and manufacturing of defense instruments and other products.

    Meles pointed out You cannot change a rent-seeking political economy just by reducing the size and role of the state. The neo-liberal paradigm does not allow for technological capacity accumulation, which lies at the heart of development. For that, an activist state is needed, that will allocate state rents in a productive manner”.

    So the ethnic politics coupled with “class” ideology is used to come to power but sustaining its power is by the method of redirecting rents which ultimately weakens the ethnic politics.

    As the Chinese leader said, it doesn’t matter if the cat is black or white as long as it catches the mouse.

  3. Kaleb
    | #3

    Dawi
    You just said what I was thinking but more eloquently. The conclusion of the professor that western democracy a system of inclusion is naive. It is in fact a system which serves the 1% in exclusion of others. The heart of American democracy, property rights, was designed to serve the few. It is true that Soviet/Chinese communism did not solve this inherent dysfunction. On the other hand empowerment of local self administration or federalism can be based on ethnicity. It is an important identity. I don’t know why it looks narrow for an Afar to describe himself as afar first; that is his root. This should not prevent him from saying he is African, Muslim, father or a citizen of the planet. Unless somebody is balanced fanatic attachment to one identity can be unproductive.

  4. ዳኒ
    | #4

    @Eniyew Bahru
    መቼ ነው ግለ ሰቡን ሳይሆን ሃሳቡን የምንቃወመው ወይም የምንደግፈው .መሳደብ የሞያ ወይም የእውቀት ምልክት አይደለም ,any fool can insult . በጣም የሚያሳዝነኝ እኝህን የሚያክል ታላቅ ምሁር ስንሳደብ አለማፈራችን ነው.

  5. Tecola W Hagos
    | #5

    Prof Messay Kebede has written very many great articles and monumental books. I always admire his vast output–indefatigable, perceptive, and often heroic. I do disagree on some points with Messay, but that does not diminish my appreciation and admiration for Messay. The current article is no exception but in the same category of well thought out and eloquent summation on the most vexing political debacle thrown into our naked and defenseless Ethiopia by TPLF leadership and their sycophantic echoes from segments of our community: ethnic based fragmentation of Ethiopia, where an Ethiopian is forced to declare his narrowly construed ethnic identity more significantly than his Ethiopian identity. You still read veteran political figures, such as Dr. Aregawi Berhe in reviewing recently Ato Gebru Asrat’s monumental book wherein, despite some excellent critical analysis on different points, patently justified ethnic based empowerment. His argument is pathetic, shallow, and sophomoric compared to the mature and sober views of Messay on politics based on ethnicity and its grave consequences on our Ethiopia.

    If not for anything else, Messay would go down in history as a savvy defender of the territorial integrity of Ethiopia and a deep thinker of our generation in history for the following paragraph worth quoting in full:
    “With the help of the Stalinist version of Marxism, the founders of the TPLF reworked their socialist commitment in such a way that polarization moved from class to ethnicity. As a result, ethnic groups were baptized dominated nations, with the consequence that they gained the right to secede from Ethiopia if they so wish. With ethnicity, the leaders of the TPLF had thus created an exclusive entitlement to represent the Tigrean people, since unlike class or religion, the ethnic criterion excludes non-Tigrean from power competition. In addition, the fragmentation of Ethiopia gave them a hegemonic position as the only group commanding a viable armed force following the dissolution of the national army. To crown it all, the portrayal of the Amhara as the sole culprit for Tigrean marginalization and the so-called ‘ferocious colonial’ conquest and mistreat of the Oromo and Southern peoples became the dominant discourse of ethnic federalism. The purpose of this exaggerated and one-sided portrayal is to harness powerful sentiments of resentment and hatred to the politics of exclusion whose sole goal is the empowerment of a Tigrean elite.”

    If I may add my voice on the issues competently addressed by Messay is the fact that as Ethiopians we have to look at each other with respect but also with critical mind. Our poverty is not caused solely due to our lack of great leaders and good governance, but due to something that is primarily our individual poverty in knowledge, morality, courage, close family relations.

    Thank you Messay for your inexhaustible effort and wealth of wisdom that you kindly shared with us all.

    Tecola W Hagos

  6. gammot
    | #6

    why do you think Tigre peole liberation front introduced ID cards in Ethiopia. it is the main tool of Ethnic aparthied that tplf uses. once the ethnicity of the person is known Tplf can decide whether that person gets a job, education, land or is allowed to run a business. sometimes you are not even allowed to board a bus. there have been incidents of some amhara peasants in the south refused to travel on a bus after their ID card were checked and showed that they were amharas.

    your livelhood and your futufre is decided by your ID card. No matter what your merit is , or capable you are you do not get favour with tplf unless your ethnicity is found to be the right one.

    - classifying people by their ethnicity alienates them and keeps them apart from other ethnic groups. they are forced to see themselves as an ethnic entity for example as amhara, kembata, gurage or oromo. their sense of being Ethiopian is being eroded and lost through time and by forced coersion.

    -tplf have done every thing in the last 24 years to erase the sense of oneness among our communities, destroying symbols of Ethiopiawinet,desecrating our national flag the famous tri colour which acted as a symbole of pride and freedom among black people the worldover.

    - tplf ethnic apartheid policy has been the cause of violence and deaths between the various ethnic groups in Ethiopa often financed and encouraged by tplf. Our peple are being agitated to look at each other as enemies, by spreading and preaching of hate by tplf. this propaganda and state of affairs keeps the population apart , divided and at war with each other, thus giving and creating the opportunity for tplf to divide and rule the population, unopposed.
    etc

    it is a matter of time before people realise how tplf is destroyimg the lives of innocent people , and when they finally realise it, there will be a retribution as has not been seen before in our history.

  7. Messay
    | #7

    Eniyew:

    Thanks. Those who insult only confirm the article. They are unable to think and even read correctly because they are blinded by hatred.

  8. Jimma
    | #8

    The author of this article is outdated and stuck in the past, talking blabering about ethnicity BLA BLA, which has no place in today’s new advanced Ethiopia.

  9. aha!
    | #9

    Kaleb @3, corroborating with Dawi@ #2, are both right on responding to the narratives on ethnic politics, which I define as ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies inscribed in the constitution in terms of the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism as the political and economic models of the TPLF/eprdf regime. Although, I agree to the premise set by Prof. Messay Kebede I do not fully agree with the narratives in terms of Marxisist Ideology as precursor to ethnic and secessionist policies and/or politics, nor do I believe democracy as force for inclusiveness or exclusiveness in the Ethiopian politics, while free market capitalism particularly in terms of ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia, freedom and democracy are not available to silent majority of Ethiopians, which is now available to TPLF/Political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises, and foreign corporations particularly in terms of land lease, together with availability of capital under ethnic federalism, secessionism, totalitarianism and/or state capitalism, that denies individual freedom, free market capitalism and democracy. As such the TPLF/eprdf regime is set on ethnic minority rule now and majority ethnic rule in the future based on party alignments on ethnic agenda as TPLF/eprdf, and OPDO/Medrek/EFDF/fdre with non-independent branches of government and non-independent election board plus in the absence of the above three concepts in an ethnic dictatorship, where democracy, a rule by the people, for the people, and of the people come as a panacea for inclusiveness and/or exclusiveness.

    The effort for inclusiveness of the silent majority of Ethiopians comes from the participation and channeling the ideas presented in these article against ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies inscribed in the constitution in terms of the ideologies stated above is to continue the struggle for Ethiopian Nationalism for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to super cede ethnic and secessionist rights, whereby if the individual rights are respected the group rights follow through, but not the other way around. All the opposition parties with ethnic agenda need to do is to coalesce around the national agenda along with its goals and strategies to achieve those goals. There is nothing to gain by the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and or state capitalism with designated homeland for Oromia for example from Boerena Negelle to Sellale, from Jima to Adama, from Bale Goba to Addis Abeba and from Harrer Kotu to Wellega Nekemtu, othe than to serve as a prlude to ethnic secessionism, future boundary conflict and an ongoing ethnic cleansing based on the established homelands.

    While development of human and natural resources according to ecological regions such as the Rift Valley for example, development of language and cultures is simultaneously taken care of, ther is no need to posture for ethnic identity like silte, tegulte, menze and afar to super cede Ethiopiawinet before ones own ethnicity, since all the tribes within a region are the products of the interaction of their respective environments and their genetic make up that defines their Ethiopian identity first and their ethnic identity second, while ones ethnic identity may be diminishes when one moves from one region to another, ones Ethiopiawinet remains the same. Therefore I do not see making a fuss about ethnic identity first other to mitigate the divide and rule policy of the TPLF/eprdf regime.

  10. Tumebo
    | #10

    Dawi is trying to mix two very different things (oranges and grenades). Professor Mesay`s explanations are clear. They are about the negative exclusionary natures of political power based on both class and ethnicity. As is the norm with the TPLF cadres, he is trying to divert the discussion from the main point; The fascist, racist and divisive ethnic politics his TPLF is pursuing in Ethiopia. They have nothing to do with the conservatives or republicans versus the rest in the USA. There can not be any parallel between the TPLF`s fascism and the American political system. They are quite different and antagonistic. This nascent cadre is also insulting the intelligence of Ethiopians when he is telling us that EFFORT belongs to the Ethiopian state. We know the truth is alien to the TPLF world.

  11. Dawi
    | #11

    Tumebo said:

    [[.... They have nothing to do with the conservatives or republicans versus the rest in the USA. There can not be any parallel between the TPLF`s fascism and the American political system...]]

    Sorry to say that but you sound as one of those who is happy because you’re well fed here in the USA.

    If you read a little about the history of the “democracy” of the US you wouldn’t have uttered such nonsense.

    The US democracy was built on ethnic cleansing of Native Americans. Thomas Jefferson, a slave owner drafted the Constitution. In recent times during the 60s and 70s (during Ethio-students uprising era) there was racial injustice, unjust war in Vietnam sexual discrimination that people rose up demonstrated and changed America. Moving forward, why were Cheney and Bush not accused for mass murder & lying about the reasons for war against Iraq that caused deaths of over 4000 Americans and hundred of thousands of Iraqis?

    It may be all a mystery for you but, one can figure out the reasons behind it.

  12. Dawi
    | #12

    aha said:

    [[ While development of human and natural resources according to ecological regions such as the Rift Valley for example, development of language and cultures is simultaneously taken care of, ther is no need to posture for ethnic identity like silte, tegulte, menze and afar to super cede Ethiopiawinet before ones own ethnicity, since all the tribes within a region are the products of the interaction of their respective environments and their genetic make up that defines their Ethiopian identity first and their ethnic identity second..]]

    aha,

    The above sounds great and it is also Prof. Messay’s preference as well per the discussion he had on ESAT recently however, one has to be a founding father of sort (aka Sebhat!) to come up with such revolutionary notion. In other words, one may have to uproot the existing and start afresh; it is going to require mass “Ethiopian Spring’ coupled being in charge of the military so that it won’t end up like Egypt in the hands of Mubarak’s general el-Sisi. It is not going to be cheap.

    As you know my opinion already, it is cheaper to work with the developmental state theory of EPRDF per Meles vision who passed the torch on purpose to HD, who comes from an all inclusive state of over 50 ethnic group that fortunately don’t have the luxury to (ethnic groups were baptized dominated nations, with the consequence that they gained the right to secede from Ethiopia) exercise secession and benefit as Prof. Messay elaborated in his write up.

  13. Messay
    | #13

    Dear Tecola:

    I thank you for this generous comment. A reader of your intellectual caliber adds value to the article. Yes, we don’t agree on everything, but our disagreement never loses sight of the higher interest of Ethiopia. It never develops into polarization but comes back to the need of accommodating the common good. The ethnicization of disagreement only leads to either/or positions and hence to exclusion. The survival and prosperity of Ethiopia is the common theme that glues us together forever. What TPLF and other ethnic thinkers and organizations want is to deprive us of this common ground, thereby turning us into tools of their political ambition.

  14. Messay
    | #14

    Tecola:

    I thank you for this generous comment. A reader of your intellectual caliber adds value to the article. Yes, we don’t agree on everything, but our disagreement never loses sight of the higher interest of Ethiopia. It never develops into polarization but comes back to the need of accommodating the common good. The ethnicization of disagreement only leads to either/or positions and hence to exclusion. The survival and prosperity of Ethiopia is the common theme that glues us together forever. What TPLF and other ethnic thinkers and organizations want is to deprive us of this common ground, thereby turning us into tools of their political ambition.

  15. Alem
    | #15

    I wish Professor Messay’s articles were in Amharic for a wider reach. He is one fellow who is consistent and thorough in his treatment of the predicament we are in. The article should serve as a starting point for the rest of us to further discuss on finding a remedy. And may I add his piece is surely a threat to Tplf operatives. He must have touched off the siren as several comments above are evidence.

    I also appreciate as well as agree with Tecola when he said “we have to look at each other with respect but also with critical mind. Our poverty is not caused solely due to our lack of great leaders and good governance, but due to something that is primarily our individual poverty in knowledge, morality, courage, close family relations.” One of Tecola’s earlier recommendations was that we organize along ideas instead of ethnicity. May be he should re-post it in Abugida for all to reconsider.

    I believe we all want to see relative fairness for all and less manipulation under cover of “equality” by Tplf. We tend to spend much energy and time on explanations that are thin on solutions; lies to counter lies; flashy sentiments for principled and practical resoluteness. And above all, not knowing how to prioritize.

    Here is what I have been trying to get across in a nutshell.
    1/ Abebe Gelaw [or Sisay, etc] could not represent the face of the opposition. I will fight for their right to air their opinion but I will also discourage their opinion standing in the gap for the rest of us. It is too inflammatory capitalizing on humiliating opponents and hardly making a dent on the merciless machine that is Tplf.
    2/ Esat is increasingly becoming a danger to the longterm wellbeing of our struggle for justice. The leaders of Ginbot 7/Esat’s angry activist journalists are operating with the Leninist and outdated mindset [of the enemy of my enemy is my friend]. Dr. Birhanu/Esat/ER for all we care sound are extensions of Eritrean Foreign Ministry. We are told G7 plans to drive out Tplf from power with the help of Eritrea and then hand over power to others [it will not seek power for itself [not kidding at all]. Following Andargachew’s arrest we were informed that G7 on autopilot [not kidding again]. We should not be distracted by such nonesense.
    3/ Never lose sleep over a separate Oromiya. It is not going to happen – not even in a dream world. Remember Olf leaders Leenco and Dima personally profited [that is lived comfortably and sent their kids to good schools, etc] from selling such paraphernalia out of shops owned and operated by Eritrea and Tplf. In fact Tplf is enjoying the existence of Olf and G7 to increase its utility to donor governments and also to quash any resistance on account of being affiliated with Olf and G7. Let me put it this way. Oromos who have Oromo interest at heart should organize to bring Leenco and Dima before the International Court for all the atrocities that have taken place in the name of the Oromo and on the Oromo. Oromo youths in Ethiopia in the past two decades were handed the worse end of deals. They were impelled to not learn Amharic language because it was “the language of the Amhara colonialist.” Do you not hear Tplf voice? The excuse for Tplf is that if Oromo and its leaders choose to not learn a language that is upto them – never admitting that choice is exactly what Tplf had wanted to begin with.
    4/ I suggest names of Tplf members and their business outfits be made public. Similar to what Dawit Kebede Wayess did with Tayitu Hotel. This has nothing to do with “ethnic hatred.” Far from it it is a way of seeking justice. Tplf members should not above the law or use the laws to do business anywhere in the country while the rest are chained to their killil. There is deep resentment in the country and people are willing to supply information. Look at the most recent appointments to ambassadorial posts and see the appointment is disproportionately Tplf.
    5/ Don’t waste time on Orthodox Church politics. Both groups are not worth their names. Both are operated in identical manner. It does not matter if it is Tplf or G7 or Moresh at the wheels. Every one of them is fanning hatred.
    6/ Don’t lend support to Muslim groups either . You never know what the outcome will be; the chicken always comes home to roost when you least suspect and it will be late to reverse the course of events. Remember Tplf wants Muslim thing going to remain in business with donors.
    7/ The struggle should focus on PR [public relations for God's sakes]. We need to educate North American and European publics. The taxpayers, stupid. Google ‘Ethiopia’ and up comes “33 percent poverty reduced since 2000.” Is that true? No! But in the absence of a counter-argument it remains floating in the cyberworld where the lazy reporter and uninformed publics get their news. This latest of reports had to be out there to prove hard work toward the planned 2015 Millennium Goal! World Bank and donors pat themselves on the back for seeing their wisdom and prophecy come true. Tplf gets more money and more life and could go on slapping freedom enshrined in the constitution in the face without fear of censure. Do you see where I am taking this thing?
    8/Is it not ironic and unfortunate that we failed to take advantage of the issue of free speech following the Paris tragedy? It is simply that we are not organized and organized for what matters the most. I did like the clip “Journalism is not a crime!” But we need talented Ethiopians from all walks of life/profession to come together and carpet-bomb the airwaves and cyber pages. We need Ethiopians to respond to news articles over the VOA or BBC and so on. Write less in Ethiomedia and more in western media where policy shapers are congregating. All you need is few minutes and a laptop [and of course good factual ideas]. Stop haggling over dead bones. Meles is dead; Hailemariam should not concern to any of us. The sting is somewhere else. Could five, ten professional Ethiopians come together, divide up responsibilities and get into action?
    9/ Never think you can direct the resistance from outside our homeland. Those leaders facing personal harm every single day are the real heroes. How could we fall in line and articulate their woes to a near-deaf global publics? That is the question.
    10/ You may want to take a cursory look at the number of info outlets [using different names] that relentlessly saturate the media with Tplf propaganda of “peace, prosperity, fast growth, security, even democracy.” I will confirm to you that that is exactly the Achilles Heel of the beast. Ask simple Qs: What peace when peaceful protestors are pummelled and jailed without recourse to fair justice [think of Zone 9 Bloggers and join that the Saudi blogger receiving a thousand lashes in this day and age]; What prosperity when the world knows so much corruption is going on? Corruption nowhere goes along with development!! What equality and fairness when tens of thousands young women and children are practically carted off in exchange for foreign revenues. You may want to follow up on the Atlanta and North Carolina court cases where the defendants are admitting bribing Ethiopian officials to get their way. This is all to say Tplf has never been more vulnerable even as it preaches “peace and security.”
    ps: I am not giving instructions here; I am just sharing a very effective and provable method of fighting off injustice. As I said earlier all you need is few minutes a day and the facts and of course the articulation. God bless our homeland.
    THANK YOU ABUGIDA FOR ALL YOU DO FOR OUR COMMUNITY. I KNOW THIS CAN ONLY BE A LABOR FOR LOVE OF COUNTRY!

  16. Dawi
    | #16

    Alem said:

    [[.. What prosperity when the world knows so much corruption is going on? Corruption nowhere goes along with development!! '..]]

    It is not true. It depends on what kind of corruption we are talking about?

    “Meles liked to give the example of corrupt customs officials in Taiwan, who extracted bribes worth 12 percent of the value of imports of consumer goods, while not demanding bribes on imported capital goods, illustrating how value creation had been internalized in this way – so that even the thieves followed the norm”. :-)

    Further more, contrary to your opinion, I say, as long as TPLF/EPRDF member businesses are value creating don’t waste your time tagging them; let them do EFFORT or what have you as long as it helps the country reach middle income.

    Who cares who the capitalist is besides Alem & friends? :) Do the silent majority (aha’s favorite!) care who the capitalist is? I don’t think so.

    The ‘developmental state’ should, Meles argued, be obsessed with value creation, making accelerated and broad-based growth a matter of national survival. If Ethiopia could sustain its growth levels – which have been running at close to 10 percent per annum for most of the last decade – it could achieve middle-income status and escape from its trap.

    That is what needs to happen.

  17. Anwar
    | #17

    The accusations of `Alem`against ESAT er baseless and sould cheap weyanne/TPLF propaganda. ESAT is serving as the voice of the voiceless because the ethnical fasict TPLF regime in Ethiopia has muzzled the free media in Ethiopia. The TPLF fascists and racists dread free media and free citizens and imprison and persecute free journalists and writers/bloggers.The struggle against the TPLF is gaining momnetum and the days of fascism and racism in Ethiopia are numbered.

  18. Alem
    | #18

    Yes Esat could serve a useful purpose. Doing a pr campaign for Isaias Afewerki is not one them. We are being told by Esat reporters that Isaias indeed has good intentions for Ethiopia. Who in their right mind would believe such crap? Ginbot 7 leaders told us Eritrea is the safest place for Ethiopians. You believe that? And then a list of names [Tigrayans] joining “freedom fighters” in Eritrea for training and liberating Ethiopia off Tplf. And then a utopian promise of handing over the keys to power [and G7 leaders beaming with happiness for all of us]. You believe that? The week Andargachew was arrested Dr. Birhanu was announcing they could not squeeze any info out of Andargachew even they cut his fingers [Meles's exact word]. And then to go on to tell us G7 is well and on autopilot. You believe that? The same week we saw a picture of Dr. Birhanu and Ethiomedia editor Abraha Belai where Dr. Birhanu said they will use every means [that is armed struggle] and two days later the post was removed when Hailemariam Desalegn effectively used the statement to bolster Tplf image as fighting “terrorists.” Let me put it this way. Eritrean gov and Tplf need G7, Mulsim groups, and Olf much more than each asserts its existence. In fact, if G7 today decided to take itself out the game, Tplf will immediately organize G7 clone.

    In short, Esat is trying to represent Eritrean plan for Ethiopia and pore tirades on Tplf. Sorry it is not going to work. Moreover, it is becoming easier to criticize Tplf than Esat and its affiliates.

    Let me go back to my earlier statement. The way to go is to engage in a pr campaign. What do you think individuals like Dawi are doing commenting wherever articles like those by Prof Messay appear? They have little substance but enough to inject divisive remarks. They are trying though by now every serious participant has figured them out. Please reread Dawi’s comments above comparing Ethiopia to Taiwan and to the US and above all quoting Meles.

    Any who have access to information should make public individuals such as the owner of Tayitu Hotel who literally were handed properties of value in an untransparent and unjust way. This is not hate at all; it is a fight for justice and keeping record for future reference. Things are not going to remain the same, as we all know.

  19. Dawi
    | #19

    Alem said:

    [[..Let me go back to my earlier statement. The way to go is to engage in a pr campaign. What do you think individuals like Dawi are doing commenting wherever articles like those by Prof Messay appear?..

    You’re making it look that Prof. Messay is writing exclusively for you; you forget he is one of Ethiopia’s intellectual giants who belongs to all of us. You also forget it’s my right to think of Meles or/and Andargachew as great leaders?

    Why is it shocking to you that we all follow such views and appearances?

    The fact is you underestimate folks and think of doing just PR on us? It is pathetic if you ask me.

    I advice you to add substance to what you do first! I didn’t see any so far.

    Don’t just sit and blanket accuse ESAT, G7 and every body under the Ethiopian sky without adding a single substance on your side. What are you going to PR anyway? Hate? It is laughable!

    At least they are doing something solid as we speak.

  20. Alem
    | #20

    I apologize Dawi.
    I meant Eniyew at #1.
    My critic of Esat/G7/ER, etc and the
    unwarranted comparison of Ethiopia to
    the US, etc stands.

  21. aha!
    | #21

    Dawi @#12, my response was directed to Kaleb, however, citing my thesis on the developing the natural and human resources to take place according to ecological regions, than ethnic homelands or the preferred original provinces of federated autonomous provinces with assorted ethnic groups to nullify the ethnic and/or secessionist politics and/or policies currently inscribed in the constitution.

    Yes, individual freedom (political and economic) do not come cheap to the silent majority of Ethiopians upon whom humanitarian, economic, political and environmental crises have been perpetrated by the TPLF/eprdf regime, by engaging in a non-violent uprising supported by an armed struggle merged around the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, with a provisional government, sponsoring the ratification of the constitution with individual rights at the center of the constitution in order to put in place a democratic government with democratic than ethnic rule and reverting to the original provincial boundaries with assorted ethnic groups in each of the provinces by the individual own preferences with the rights property ownership anywhere in Ethiopia. This notion/thesis you touched upon is based on the ideology of Ethiopian Nationalism as opposed to the ideology of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism supported by crony capitalism upon which the opposition parties with ethnic agenda are engaged in a peaceful struggle for ethnic rights, “yekili mengistats iqulenet mebit mekeber”, respect for human rights and democracy common denominators with ethnic agenda in place along with a campaign for political space to be granted by the TPLF/eprdf regime and according to this article a proposal to channel the struggle to “the already given diversity into a democratic society”, by rejecting “the identity politics as a path to democracy”, I presume, referring to the path adopted by the TPLF/eprdf regime.

    Consequently, the argumentative position/premise by Prof. Messay Kebede, assumes:
    1)that there is a democratic rule than ethnic rule/ethnic dictatorship,
    2)that there are independent branches of the government,
    3)that it also discounts that the frame work of the constitution is based on the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism, that denies individual rights in preference to ethnic and secessionist rights, denies free market capitalism to the silent majority of Ethiopians at least in terms of private property ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia as one of the means of production,
    4) that ignores the fact that these ideology of ethnic federalism/ethnic homelands is a prelude to secessionism, future boundary conflicts and an on going ethnic cleansing, and a means of expansion of ethnic homelands, which is in contradiction to the ideology of Ethiopian Nationalism as a one nation state, under the federated states of provinces, and
    5) does not acknowledge the fact that parties along ethnic agenda, rather than the national agenda to give it the semblance of parties in a democratic governments.

    Therefore, the trend brought about by the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism, and totalitarianism, where the TPLF/eprdf regime has monopoly over land telecommunication, etc., the opposition parties with ethnic agenda need to coalesce with those with national agenda for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom (political and economic) to precede ethnic and secessionist rights with a free market capitalism in a liberal and /or social democracy created by the associations of free individuals forming a party with creative ideas to develop the human and natural resources of Ethiopia, which calls for reflective thinking by the loyalist opposition parties and by ethnic secessionist factions with ethnic agenda to maintain autonomous ethnic homelands and the right to secesede upto independence, respectively.

  22. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #22

    የእውቀት መጀመርያ አረፍተ ነገርን ማብዛት ወይንም እግዝአብሄርን መፍራትም አይደለም::

    የእውቀት መጀመርያ ከ Bewußtsein ወደ Selbstbewußtsein የሚያሸጋግረውን TICk ማግኘቱ ነው!!!!!

    Long live ተጋሩ! Long live መለ ኢትዮጵያውያን! Unity in diversity!!!!!!

  23. እኔ እቴጌ ጣይቱ
    | #23

    እኔ እቴጌ ጣይቱ ነኝ
    ሆቴሌ የተቃጠለብኝ
    እንደ እሳት ያንገበገበኝ

    አንተ ዘራፊ ወያኔ ሆይ ለምን ገዛኸኝ
    አንተ ቅጥረኛ ወያኔ ሆይ ለምን ጠላኸኝ
    አንተ ዘረኛ ወያኔ ሆይ ለምን አቃጠልከኝ

    ምነው እኔ የምኒልክ ሚስት የማሳፍር ነኝ እንዴ?
    ለምን በእኔ ታሪክ አፈርክ?
    እውን አንተ የክርስትና እምነት ተከታዩ የዚያ ከትግራይ ህዝብ አብራክ የወጣህ ነህ?
    እውን አንተ የዚያ የማውቀው የኢትዮጵያዊነት ቀናኢ የጀግናው የአሉላ ወገን ነህ?
    ምነው ዳግማዊ ዮዲት ጉዲት ሆንክብኝሳ
    ነው ወይንስ በእኔ ምትክ ኡምቤርቶ ወይንም ሙሶሎኒ ብለህ ባለ 10 ፎቅ ሆቴል ልትገነባብኝ ነው? እኔ ባለቤቴ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ከቅኝ-ገዥዎች ጋር አንገት ላንገት ተናንቀን አስከብረን ያቆየነውን ሀገር አስረክበንህ ነበር፡፡መሬቱን ሁሉ የቻልከውን ለራስህ ያልቻልከውን ለባእዳንና ለሱዳን እየቸበቸብከው ነው አሉ፡፡እንዴት ከዚህ ሁሉ የሀገር ሀብት አንድ ታሪካዊ አሮጌ ሆቴል ለእኔ በዛብሽ ብለህ አቃጠልከው?
    ከውስጥህ እንደካንሰር የተጣባህ ሰይጣናዊ ዘረኝነትህ የሚለቀው በፀበል ነው? በመስቀል ?ነው ወይንስ በፍቅር ነው?ነው ወይነስ በጥላቻ?
    መላው አፍሪካ በቅኝ-ግዛት ሲዳክር በነበረበት በጨለማው ዘመን ባለቤቴ ከመቶ አመት በፊት ባቡር አስገብቶ ነበር፡፡አንተ ደግሞ ዛሬ ከመቶ አመት በኋላ የኤሌክትሪክ ባቡር ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ አስገባሁ ብለህ ለመጎረር ብለህ የባለቤቴን ሃውልት እንዳታፈርሰው አደራ፡፡ከታሪክ ጋር ፀብ ምን ይሰራልሃል፡፡ሀገር በማስተዋል በፍቅር እንጂ በእልህ በእብሪት አይመራም፡፡የምታስተዳድረውን ህዝብ በጥላቻ እየናቅህ የተሻልክ ገዥ የሰለጠንክ መሪ ለመምሰል ምትሞክርም ቅሉ ግን የውስጥ ስብእናህ አሁንም ገና ያልሰለጠነ በህገ-አራዊት የሚመራ እብሪተኛ ነው፡፡እብሪት ለሳጥናኤልም አልበጀው፡፡አይ ወያኔ ስራህ የሚገርም ነው፡፡አንዳንዴ እንደ ዲሞክራትም ያደርግሃል አሉ፡፡የፈለጋችሁትን ገዥ ምረጡ ብለህ ስታበቃ የኢትዮጵያን አፈር ገፊ ገበሬ የምርጫ ካርድ ካልወሰደክ ስኳር አልሰጥም እነዴት ትለዋለህ?አይ ወያኔ ቅሌታም ነህ ለካ፡፡ድሮ ድሮ እንኳን ገበሬ ጨው እንጂ ስኳር አያውቅም ነበር፡፡ስኳር ከለመደ አሁን አንተ አሰልጥነኸዋል ማለት ነዋ፡፡ታዲያ ስኳር አስለምደህ ስታበቃ ለምን እኔን ካልመረጥቅ ስኳር አልሰጥም ትለዋለህ?ታዲያ እኮ በሀገራችን ባህል ለግብዣ እቤት የመጣ እንግዳ እኮ ይከበራል፡፡ዲሞክራት ነኝ ለጋስ ነኝ ብለህ የምርጫ ድግስ ደግሰህ ብሉልኝ ጠጡልኝ ብለህ ከጋበዝክ ጮማ ሰጥተህ ለምን ቢላዋ ትከለክለዋል፡፡ሁሉንም እንዳመሉ ማስተናገድ አለብህ፡፡በእኛ ዘመን ቃል ከሚጠፋ የወለዱት ይጥፋ ነው እኮ የሚባለው፡፡ይህ ሁሉ መላቅጥ የጠፋው መዘላበድ ምን የሚሉት ነው፡፡ከዚህ ሁሉ ቢቀር አይሻልም፡፡ይህንን የሱካሩን ነገር ስሰማ ከመቃብሬ ሆኜ በእውነት አፈርኩ፡፡እኔና ባለቤቴ ሀገራችንን ህዝባችንን እንወዳለን እናከብራለን፡፡ዲሞክራሲ የሚባለውን በቃል አናውቀውም ነበር፡፡ግን ሳስበው በተግባር ካነተ በተሻለ ተግባራዊ ያደረግን መሰለኝ፡፡የእኔ ባለቤት እኮ ከአነተ የተሻለ ዲሞክራት ነበር፡፡በወሬ ሳይሆን በተግባር፡፡ለምን ቢባል የሴቶች መብት ቢባል የሴቶችን መብት በፋሽንና በኮስሞቲክ መብለጭለጭ ሳይሆን በእኔ በራሱ በሚስቱ በተግባር አሳይቷል፡፡አማከሪዎቹን ተመልከት፡፡በሆድ አደር ካድሬዎች ሳይሆን እውነትን በሚናገሩ በጀግናዎችና በአስተዋዬች የተከበበ ነበር፡፡የእኔ ባል እምዬ ምኒልክ ጀግናና አስተዋይ ሰዎችን ያቀርብ ያከብር ነበር እንጂ አይፈራም አያሸሽም፡፡በአምላክ እርዳታ አድዋ ላይ ድል የተቀዳጀነው እንደዚሁ አይደለም፡፡ወያኔ ሆይ የአገዛዝ ትህትናን ጥበብን ከእኔና ከባለቤቴ ተማር፡፡ቅኝ ገዥዎች ሀገሬን ህዝቤን እረግጠው ዘርፈው ለመግዛት በእኔና በባለቤቴ ዘመን ሞክረው አልተሳካላቸውም ነበር፡፡የአሁኑ የዘመኑ ጠላት ፊት ለፊት አይመጣም፡፡ስለዚህም አሉላ አባነጋ በላይ ዘለቀ እያልክ በፉከራና በሽለላ እንደ ድሮው መዋጋት አይቻልም፡፡ባለቤቴ ምኒልክ አስተዋይ ሰው ነበር፡፡ጃንሜዳ ከአድዋ ድል መልስ የተናገረው አይረሳኝም፡፡ጠላት እንዳያጠቃችሁ በመካከላችሁ ነፋስ አይግባ እርስ በርስ አትጣሉ አትከፋፈሉ ነበር ያለው፡፡እንደ ነቢይ የተናገረው አሁን ደረሰ፡፡አሁን ግን አንተ የባእዳን ቅጥረኛ ስለሆንክ ድሮ ቅኝ-ገዥዎች ማድረግ ያልቻሉትን መጥፎ ነገር ሁሉ አሁን በአንተ በኩል ከእነሱ በበለጠ ተግባራዊ እያደረክላቸው ነው አሉ፡፡የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ ማዋረድ አንገት ማስደፋት ሞራሉን ማላሸቅ ስነ-ምግባርን ማጥፋት ግብረሰዶምን ማስፋፋት ዝሙትን ማስፋፋት ብልግናን ማስፋፋት ሃይማኖቱን መበረዝ ሙስናን ማስፋፋት ትምህርትን መግደል የማህበረሰቡን መልካም እሴት ሁሉ ማጥፋት ታሪክን መደለዝ ስደትን ማስፋፋት ስንቱ ይወራ ስራዬ ብለህ ይዘሃል አሉ፡፡አማራን-ከትግሬ ሙስሊሙን-ከክርስቲያኑ ሴቱን-ከወንዱ ወጣቱን-ከሽማግሌው ከተማውን-ከገጠሩ ምሁሩን-ከመሃይሙ አስተማሪን-ከተማሪው ወታደሩን-ከሲቪሉ ሰራተኛውን ከማኔጅመንቱ የታክሲ ወያላውን-ከተሳፋሪው ሸማችን-ከነጋዴ ባልን-ከሚስት አባትን-ከልጅ ጎራ አበጅተህ በመሰሪ ስራህ እርስ በርስ እያናከስክ ነው አሉ፡፡ከፋፍለህ ግዛው ነው አሉ፡፡ይህስ አይጣል ነው፡፡ በጣጥሰህ ግዛው ነው እንጂ ከፋፍለህ ግዛው አይደለም፡፡እስከ ቤተሰብ ድረስ በሚዘልቅ የስለላ መዋቅርህ አንድ ለአምስት በሚባለው አደረጃጀት ህዝብን እርስ በርስ የጎሪጥ እንዲተያይ እያደረክ ነው አሉ፡፡ምን ይህ ብቻ ህብረተሰቡን የተለያየ ጊዚያዊ አጀንዳ እና ሰው ሰራሽ ችግር እየፈጠርክ ኑሮውን ውጥረት የበዛበት ህይወት እንዲመራ ማዋከብ ማቅበዝበዝ ይዘሃል አሉ፡፡በተለይ አማራውን እገባበት እየገባህ እያሳደድከው ነው አሉ፡፡አማራ እኮ በባህልም በታሪክም በሃይማኖትም የሚቀርብህ ወገንህ ነው፡፡ምን በደለህ?አማራን ታሪካዊ ጠላቴ ስለሆነ እሱን ካላጠፋሁ ሰላም አልኖርም ብለህ ሌት ተቀን እየደከምክ ነው አሉ፡፡እውን ይኼ የክርስትና ሃይማኖት የሚፈቅደው ነው?የአማራ ጠላትነት ለቅኝ-ገዥዎች እንጂ ለትግሬ አይደለም፡፡ሀገርን መከላከል ደግሞ ጠላትነት አይደለም፡፡ሞኝ እንደላኩት ሆነና አማራን ካላጠፋህ በሰላም አትኖርም ብለው የላኩህ ባእዳን አለቆችህ ናቸው፡፡የትግራይ ህዝብ ይህንን የእብደት እተሳሰብ ያስባል ብዬ አላምንም፡፡እውነቱ ይህ ነው፡፡እኔና ባለቤቴ ከትግራይ ወገናችን የዘረፍነውና ያከማቸነው ሀብት የለም፡፡ለትግራይ ህዝብ ድህነትና ኳላቀርነት ተጠያቂ ለምን እንደሆንን ግራ ገብቶናል፡፡የትግራይ ህዝብ በአፄ ዮሀንስ ዘመንም ሆነ ከዚያ በፊት እንደ አማራው እንደ ኦሮሞው እንደተቀረው የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ድሃና ኋላቀር ነበር፡፡መጥፎ ታሪክን በጥሩ ታሪክ መቀየር ግን ይቻላል፡፡ በእውነት ይህንን ያንተን ነገር ስሰማ ላም እሳት ወለደች እንዳታቅፈው እሳት ሆነባት እንዳትተወው ልጅ ሆነባት ነው የሆነብኝ፡፡ይህ ሁሉ የዘረኝነት ፖለቲካ ህዝቡ ተረጋግቶ ከኖረ ለስልጣኔ አደጋ ይፈጥራል ብለህ በማስብ ነው፡፡ይህንን ሁሉ ፀረ-ኢትዮጵያ ነውር ስራ ስተሰራ አይተው የታዘቡ አለቆችህ አንድ ቅጥረኛ ከእኛው በበለጠ እንደዚህ የሚሰራልን ከሆነ እኛ በከንቱ ነው የደከምነው ብለው እየተገረሙ ነው አሉ፡፡አንድ ቅጥረኛ ሃይል በገዛ ሀገሩ ህዝብ ላይ እንደዚህ አይነት ባለጌ አረመኔ ስራ ሲሰራ እያዩ ማመን እያቃታቸው እየተገረሙ ነው አሉ፡፡በቃ ከእነሱ የሚጠበቀው ሀገራቸው ቁጭ ብለው በእርዳታ ስም ለአንተ ዶላር ፓውንድ ዩሮ መስጠት ብቻ ነው አሉ፡፡ክርስቶስን አሳልፎ ለሸጠው ይሁዳ እንደተከፈለው ሰላሳ ዲናር አንተም ታሪካዊ ኢትዮጵያን ለምታፈርስበት የቅጥረኝነት ስራህ በብድርና በእርዳታ ሽፋን ገንዘብ ይከፈለሃል አሉ፡፡ልማት እየተባለ በሙስና የተዘፈቀ አሰራር እየተሰራ ሀገር እየተዘረፈ ህዝብ ወደ ድህነት እየተገፈተረ በእድገት ስም የሚደሰኮረውም በዚህ መንገድ በመጣ ገንዘብ ነው አሉ፡፡አንድ ሃሳብ አለህ ይባላል አሉ፡፡በእርግጥ እቅድህ ይሳካልህ አይሳካል አላውቅም አምላክ ነው የሚያውቀው፡፡ድሮም ደደቢት በረሃ ስትዘምታ ከዚያም ተሳክቶልህ ምኒልክ ቤተ-መንግስት ስትገባ እቅድህ ሀገር ለማስተዳደር በማሰብ አይደለም ይባላል፡፡ኤርትርራን አሰገነጠልክ ኢትዮጵያን በሻጥር የባህር በር አሳጣህ፡፡የአሰብ ወደብን ግመል ያጠጡበት ያሉት መለስ ለጅቡቲ በየአመቱ ወደ አንድ ቢሊዮን ዶላር የሚደርስ የወደብ ኪራይ ይከፍላሉ አሉ፡፡ውይ በሞትኩት መለስ ሞቷል ተብለን እሱን ለማግኘት ያደረግነው ጥረት አልተሳካልንም፡፡ኤርትራን ካስገነጠልክ በኋላ ቀጣይ እቅድህ ግን ሀገር መምራት አልነበረም አሉ፡፡ቀጣይ እቅድህ መጀመሪያ ኢትዮጵያን በዘር ፖለቲካም ሆነ በሌላ ማንኛውም የከፋፍለህ ግዛው ስልት ማዳከምና መዝረፍ፡፡ከዚያ ቀጥሎ ከጎንደር ከወሎ ህዝብ አፈናቅለህ መሬት ነጥቀህ የአሰብ ወደብን ለራስህ መልሰህ ከተቀረው ኢትዮጵያ በተዘረፈው ሃብት ታላቋን የትግራይ ትግሪኛ መንግስት መመስረት ነው አሉ እቅድህ፡፡እውነት ነው እንዴ ወያኔ?ወያኔ ስራህ የሚገርም ነው፡፡ይህ እንዲሳካ የኢትዮጵያን ህዝቡ ሁሉ አይኑን አጥፍቼ እኔ ብቸኛ ባለ አይናማ ሆኜ እመራዋለሁ ብለህ የለየለት እብደት ውስጥ ገብተሃል አሉ፡፡በእውሮች መካከል አንተ ብቸኛ ባለአይናማ ሆነህ መቀጥል ሊከብድ ይቸላል፡፡ምክንያቱም የላኩህ ባእዳን አለቆችህ አንድ ቀን ያንተን አይን ካጠፉብህ አንተንም የሚመራህ እንደምታጣ አስተውለህ ታውቃለህ?
    ወያኔ እባክህ ወደ ቀልብህ ተመለስ ከእብደትህ ተመለስ፡፡እኛንም ከተኛንበት እየቀሰቀስክ ሰላም እየነሳህ አትረብሸን፡፡ለማንኛውም መለስን ስለሁሉም ነገር ለማነጋገር የምናደርገው ጥረት ይቀጥላል፡፡ወያኔ ሆቴሌ ቢቃጠል የእኔና የኢትዮጵያ ታሪክ ግን ሊቃጠል አይችልም፡፡የበለጠ ይታደሳል፡፡
    ኢትዮጵያውያን ሁሉ የኢትዮጵያ አምላክ ይርዳችሁ

  24. Dawi
    | #24

    aha said:

    [[.. territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom (political and economic) to precede ethnic and secessionist rights with a free market capitalism in a liberal and /or social democracy ..]]

    There is little to show that the coming to power of the ANC has improved the economic and social fortunes of the ordinary black person; most of them today are poorer than they were under apartheid. What went wrong there?

    South Africa is not the only poor multi ethnic or multi racial nations that suffer a similar distortion. Take India as an example: In most standard indicators, it scores alongside democracies like USA and others with regular elections and changes of government. But in access to education, health, clean water, etc, India scores are similar to or worse than in failed or failing states like Bangladesh.

    Can you see then the road to “liberal/social democracy” is “value creation”? And value needs to be dominant so that it becomes a foundation for Democracy; without that you’re just wishing to become like India with “liberal democracy” without its foundation. What for?

    That is why I say going along with the present development is not in contradiction of pursuing your ideals of “free market capitalism in a liberal and /or social democracy” etc. It may even be the quickest way to reach there. Can you prove otherwise? So – talk is cheap.

  25. woyane is in crisis -politically and financially?
    | #25

    My questions to Professor Mesay:

    a. Powerful nations as determining factor
    Powerful nations do influence developing countries political agenda, type of political organisations through assisting financially and dictating through international organisations- UN, IMF, World Bank and through their media and other means. Eg. structural adjustment, Millennium Development Goal

    Ethnic/religious/regional politics of developing countries is always supported by powerful nations. Their influence determined who should be in power in the last 40 years of Africa/Asia/Middle East countries political struggles.
    E.g. Ethiopian student movement, Woyane, and so on

    Why did you not give enough paragraphs/ space to this determining factor in your analysis?

    b. Misleading information, analysis of issues of ethnic politics

    Ethnic/regional/religious politics will exist as long as cultural and development programs of governments fail to give to its citizens shared experiences.

    Through education, media, development programs and so on make citizens have shared experiences.E.g. in the form music, news, speak same language, ….

    Developing countries governments do not have the capacity to provide such services.

    What is the point of bashing or accusing people/political organisations/individuals who organised themselves to voice their protest/dissatisfaction against programs of their governments.

    My theory regarding ethnic politics:
    Ethnic politics is not a creation of Woyane. Woyane abused and misused it to destabilize the country. Ethnic politics exists in any developing country if not in all countries in the world. In developing country, People always favor/trust/prefer to work with people who are members of their ethnic group. they feel safe. This is a natural thing for them because most of them they live majority of their life-time on their ancestral land – born and grew and live speaking their ethnic languages unless something happens and force them they do not leave their ancestral land.

    It is not like the industrial countries where education, media, development programs and so on make citizens have shared experiences in the form music, news, speak same language, ….
    Please do not bash idea ethnic politics just because someone is misusing it. I think it is better to say that Woyane as political organisation is misusing ethnic politics to stay in power.

    I am not political expert to explain it but ethnic politics is a form of resistances against injustice/maladministration.

  26. woyane is in crisis -politically and financially?
    | #26

    To prefessor Mesay,
    I am not supporting ethnic/regional/religions politics but people in developing countries will always organize based on their ethnicity/regions and religions.
    The questions to understand why they organised based on the above factors which does not help to have one country.

    For example, in Britain the Scotland people held referendum to be independent.
    Imagine this referendum was happening in one of African countries.
    How many developed nations could have interfered to destabilize it using the excuses. Look what is happening in Ukraine.

    Please answer my two questions with giving considerations to my points.
    Thank you.

  27. woyane is in crisis -politically and financially?
    | #27

    Prof Mesay
    I am still expecting your replies. Please relate your ethnic analysis to real politics where super power have more saying in any African nations internal politics by financing, arming, legitimizing, recognizing, one ethnic group over the rest.
    it is no point to ignore determining role of their intervention.
    Thank you.

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