ፎክሮ መሸሽ፣ እንዳይሆንብን። አደራ በሰማይ፣ አደራ በምድር። [Article on the Blue Nile River and the Renaissance Dam] By Tecola W. Hagos

March 7th, 2015 Print Print Email Email

“Ethiopia will never ask the consent of any country to undertake development projects. Ethiopia is an independent country and will never request the consent of any country. Ethiopia will undertake its development projects in a way that does not cause any significant harm to any country. Moreover, Ethiopia undertakes its development projects based on principles. It takes into consideration the benefits of the countries from the development projects as well as friendship and healthy relations with the countries.” Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water, Energy and Irrigation, interview, Newstime Africa, March 2, 2015.

Introduction

We all have read the great news that Ethiopia, Egypt, and Sudan have agreed on certain principles to guide them as their basic understanding on sharing the bounty of the Blue Nile. We have no access to the fine prints, and we know the Devil is in the details. I never give up on anyone not even on the Devil. Do I give up on principled mission any less? It is always my hope that Egypt will see the light from its unreasonable claim to use almost 90% of the water of the Tikur Abaye (Blue Nile) based on “historic use” and two treaties, wherein the originating country, Ethiopia, of nearly 90% of the water is not a member or signatory to such a treaty or arrangement between Britain as a colonial power signing for both its protectorate, Egypt (1929) and Sudan (1959).

It is always a great occasion when nations decide to resolve their problems through peaceful means of magnanimity, honesty, fairness, justice, and mutual benefits. Such great agreements are born out of strong principled presentations of each sovereign nation pursuing its national self-interest. Because of unpolarized interactions, national leaders will start to recognize the legitimacy of all well founded claims and concerns of each other as riparian States. When national leaders reach such critical mass they know how to compromise and work to accommodate the interest of each.

Going to war is the easiest thing to do, and it is the least preferred by any of the States involved in this triad dance of diplomacy, occasionally punctuated by Egypt convulsing and throwing tantrum threatening military action against Ethiopia. Ethiopia will never lose any battle to any Arab country in the region. Let us leave no room for such fear. However, the absence of war does not automatically translate into economic development. For some unbeknown reason, of all the officials of the Ethiopian Government, I trust Alemayehu Tegenu, when Ethiopia’s interest is in jeopardy, he will not betray Ethiopia. I have never met the man, I only saw how he handles himself on TV and read his statements in reports.

Use Correct Lexicon

To begin with it is a total error to think of the waters of Tikur Abaye (Blue Nile) as the water of the Nile. The very name designation of “the Nile” water polarize the basic facts on the ground. The Blue Nile of Ethiopia provides over 85% of the water that empties from the highlands of Ethiopia into the lowlands of Sudan and ultimately traversing Egypt’s parched desert land. Without the run-off water from Ethiopia’s mountainous basin source of all major rivers, such as the Atbara and the Blue Nile, less than fifteen percent of the Nile water comes out of further South from the Lake Victoria region and the surrounding basin. In other words, the Blue Nile water is the water that both Egypt and Sudan are benefiting from. So let us drop the crap and pretentious claim of “Nile” water and call it by its proper designation—the water of Abaye (the Blue Nile).

I was checking the reports of several media outlets of all of the riparian states of the Nile, and only one has as its headline the correct lexicon: “Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia ministers strike deal on basis of sharing Blue Nile water,” DAILY NATION, March 6, 2015 (Kenyan media). The headline is correct because it stats a factual matter that it is not the Nile water that is the subject of the controversy but that of the Tikur Abaye (Blue Nile). There seems to be very little coverage in Ethiopia both in the official and private media about the March 6, 2015 news of agreement on principle about the use of the Water of the Blue Nile and the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Secretive Negotiations; the Ills of Untrustworthy Leaders

Negotiating an international treaty deciding which principle would prevail either the “historic use” that Egypt stands by or the “equitable and reasonable utilization” that Ethiopia supports, along with the promoters of the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), is not an easy matter. We all know that almost 90% of the waters of the Blue Nile and other rivers of the Ethiopian highlands drain into the Sudan and Egypt. The course of the future history of both Egypt and Ethiopia must not be handled in secret since that history is going to be written with Blue Nile water as ink. One cannot hide what is inevitable.

I do not understand why the Ethiopian government leaders do not learn from past mistakes. They had all the chances to educate and prepare the People of Ethiopia about the problems facing Ethiopia from Egypt and the Arab League concerted historic destructive stance. No foreign policy can be successfully pursued by Ethiopia if the Citizens of Ethiopia are not fully supporting such policy. One constitutionally required way of insuring such support is to follow the Constitution provisions that require the approval of the House of Representatives. The House is not to be used as rubberstamping institution but as a functioning body to debate and examine any such Agreement, Convention, and Treaty, even Policy during the negotiation, the ratification and signing stages. All international treaties, agreements, covenants et cetera must be published and must be distributed to the public. For mass production, the Government must allow private publishers to republish and distribute such legal documents for their own profits.

The GERD book of account, the names and true identity of sub-contractors, the names all material suppliers et cetera should be disclosed and bid awards should be treated as any public/government bids with stringent rules and procedures. In order to build trust between the Ethiopian people and the Ethiopian Government, there must be proper disclosure of the activities of the Government dealing with foreign governments. There should not be any secret deals where Ethiopian territory is ceded to foreign states. The Ethiopian Government must disclose all deals that Meles Zenawi might have made with Sudan in regard to border land.

Basic Rights and Principles

The Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) (2010) has introduced some creative principles taking advantage of the trend set by the United Nations international conventions and treaty agreements of the modern era on international rivers. One important principle that overrides the old “historic use” principle is “the principle of equitable and reasonable utilization” (art 4, CFA) of the resources of the Nile and the Nile Basin. Actually, I am of the mind that principle is too intrusive and covers vast area. Egypt and Sudan by not signing are not serving their interest, for the other riparian States might amend the CFA and leave narrow watershed areas for cooperation.

I have outlined hereunder some basic principles and governmental positions that all Ethiopian leaders and the Ethiopian Government as a whole should heed:

1. No agreement should be signed that impedes, or creates limitations on the Sovereignty of Ethiopia. Such limitation might come hidden in provisions of bilateral or multilateral agreements creating the rights of consultation, a seat in Ethiopian national Committees, Creation of a body of Experts with a seat to foreign nationals et cetera.

2. Creation of Rights in rem (rights in things) must be avoided on any construction on Ethiopian territory, such as Dams, Power-stations, Distribution Centers, Grids, and Power-lines. All rights in personam (obligatory rights) must be of the type of holding shares in corporations fully established in accordance with the laws of Ethiopia. Share holdings must be through a corporate structure, and no Sovereign direct ownership of any share in an Ethiopian Corporation should be allowed.

3. Licensing must never create any rights in any corps of asset in Ethiopia. Ethiopia could license distributors of its power in different states through formal bids and business based examinations of the principals.

4. Never guarantee a certain amount of water to Egypt and/or Sudan, for you have no control on the rate of the rainfall. Growing up in Dessie a life time ago, I remember that the heavy clouds always sail by from West to East, later I learned it is the Atlantic Ocean that feeds the water bearing cloud that finally dumps al that fresh water on Ethiopia. If that is not God’s blessing,

5. Never agree to a provision that requires Ethiopia to appoint foreign arbitration, such as the corrupt and disastrous Border Commission that was established pursuant to the Algiers Agreement, a disgustingly anti- Ethiopian interest agreement that resurrected long dead colonial period treaties to deny Ethiopia’s historic right and territorial sovereignty on the Afar coastal territories all the way to the Islands and beyond. Never ever sign any agreement that affects our national security and economic development.

6. All Consultants, Arbitration Members, Ad hoc Committee of Experts, et cetera hired from foreign countries can be corrupted by wealthy Arabs in promoting Egyptian interest. Or could be biased on their own against our interest and in favor of Egypt hoping to get great deals later from the Arab countries. We do not have the resources to top such rewards. Our only equalizing force is to use violence against individuals who breached such professional code of conduct and hurt our economic and political interest. Thus, relay on Ethiopian Experts at all levels.

7. Never ever walk into a meeting fearing possible armed conflict even all-out war. Do not ever forget we are the people who stood free and sovereign in our destiny for thousands of years. We are in our Territory and anyone coming to attack us would necessarily lose.

8. Make sure that Ethiopia receives some form of compensation for the water that is preserved for use for both Egypt and Sudan.

9. The cost of maximizing the availability of water for the basin through prevention of soil erosion by planting hundreds of millions of trees and shrubbery must be sustained through some form of compensation by Egypt and Sudan.

10. Always remind Egyptians that 90% of the water they use is from the Blue Nile that Egypt does not contribute a single drop of water to the Nile water. Both Sudan and Egypt must work to dissuade fully all Arab League States from all political and economic campaign against Ethiopia. And to treat Ethiopian migrant workers in such countries with respect and justice.

Conclusion

I hear often people feeling sorry for Egypt for being very dependent on one river. The fact is that Egypt is floating on a huge underground water reservoir. Egypt can utilize such abundance of water for its population rather than picking fights with Ethiopia stifling the legitimate aspiration of Ethiopia for feeding its population. If you visit Cairo and the many resort areas you will find countless swimming pools. Look at this ridicules situation: Egyptians luxuriating in swing pools with our Blue Nile water object to our using our own Blue Nile water to feed and provide potable water for our own needs?

‘Huge’ water resource exists under Africa, By Matt McGrath Science reporter, BBC World Service

There is much Ethiopia can offer to the region not only precious fresh water, but also tremendous talent and determined people who know how to maintain a nation for thousands of years. Already much has been carried out in Ethiopia. There is tremendous need for reform in order to expand individual rights. Corruption is rampant and illegal syphoning of hard currency from Ethiopia has reached an alarming stage. This hemorrhage must be dammed up. The Leadership in the EPRDF Parties do need some rest from years of hard work. They should retire and younger individuals need be inducted into the system. Election to me is an educational process and the outcome of any election, including the one coming up in May, is just an exercise—for the result is already predetermined in the staging of this drama.
Tecola W Hagos
Washington DC

  1. Alem
    | #1

    Tecola does it again!
    He never fails to deliver!
    To deliver a ton of deception.
    To deliver hollow and distracting issues.
    You would too, if you are assigned a crew and paid for it.
    Don’t challenge faithful Tecola.
    He will come back to attack you as shaebia or tplf [don't laugh, just scroll and read comments
    on older articles].
    The real issue is/ought to be the upcoming elections.
    Tecola takes you on a ride of the hydro-power and Egypt and
    Ethiopia’s [that is Tplf rule] glorious past and future.
    Tecola is now the self-proclaimed patriot/representative of what
    constitutes Ethiopiannes. You want to check your Ethiopiannes?
    See if you measure up to Tecola. Many of us fall short, of course, and
    hope for generosity of his eminence to make up for our shortcomings.
    Tecola never apologized for lying about a research paper he quoted or for
    not having the courage to stand up for the hunan rights of Eskinder, Reeyot, Zone 9
    who by any stretch of the imagination are no terrorists.
    Before we go further let me quote where Tecola engaged in lying about a research paper;
    such lies in the academic profession could be costly.
    Let me finally show how Tecola manipulated Abiy Chelkeba’s research on CSOs. Tecola said Abiy’s is “a timely and highly competent Thesis research by a graduate law student clearly established the grim situation how far behind civic societies and related organizations are in the promotion of democracy and awareness of human rights.” He quoted the following: “the number of CSOs/NGOs that registered their programs as focusing on issues related to human rights, advocacy, and democracy was less than 10 in 1997. There is no convincing evidence that these few have made even modest attempts to follow this up.” Tecola was so eager to cut and paste passages that supported his premeditated opinion that he left out two important components of Abiy’s work. Here is Abiy’s statement immediately following where Tecola’s quote ended, “This is due to the fact that experience in the past,has shown that many people shy away from engaging in rights related activities as the latter are sensitive subject that often put activities at logger hand [sic] with public authority. Moreover,this failure to enhance democratic values, even in favorable environments is quite strange.” Second, Abiy has under Limitations to the Study said “The first limitation is that the methodology used fails to control for other factors affecting the impact of the Charities and Society Proclamation on the CSOs/NGOs. The second limitation is the researcher could not find enough secondary data from the CSOs/NGOs and other relevant institution as a result the analysis of the impact is predominately dependent on primary data. Besides the study doesn’t cover the entire civil society organizations more specifically societies are not the subject matter of this study and the reference to CSOs/NGOs are only to charities organizations. As a result, the same conclusion cannot be drawn to the entire civil society organization and in particular CSOs/NGOs located outside Addis Ababa.” In other words, TPLF fears were real and hence the need for a harsh and quickie law to stop the “dangerous” tide of public participation and empowerment.”

    And now Tecola has the temerity to tell us
    “There is tremendous need for reform in order to expand individual rights. Corruption is rampant and illegal syphoning of hard currency from Ethiopia has reached an alarming stage. This hemorrhage must be dammed up. The Leadership in the EPRDF Parties do need some rest from years of hard work. They should retire and younger individuals need be inducted into the system. Election to me is an educational process and the outcome of any election, including the one coming up in May, is just an exercise—for the result is already predetermined in the staging of this drama.” In other words, Tplf [aka Eprdf] should remain in power – no questions asked. Join in or tough lack is his advise! What Tecola is doing here to sow seeds of confusion in order to keep the dead divided diaspora opposition at bay and once the elections are over to come back and critic Tplf [aka Eprdf] for mistakes of not allowing a transparent election! This has been his strategy all along. You need to read his other writings together to figure out what he is up to.

    The really sad thing is this; there is NO diaspora opposition to offer a meaningful alternative to Tplf [aka Eprdf]. Fuming and hate has already wasted 23 years and counting. The past 3 weeks were spent back and forth on Tecola and his agenda and on Mekonnen Meshesha making a fool of himself.

    Dr. Birhanu Nega and his G7 and Esat have simply come out as appendages of Eritrean Foreign Ministry.
    Can you think of any one group worthy of the name opposition?
    As I was saying earlier, if this very day G7, OLF, Moresh Wegene, etc dissolved into thin air, Tplf and Uncle Isaias will have to carry on their respective agendas from behind these names.
    In the meantime, if you, dear reader, have access to a laptop and some good ideas you need not be part of a “party” to bring about changes in public perception. Educate, educate, educate donor communities about Ethiopia, its people, and how resources are misused. Tplf [aka Eprdf] is paying foreign pr companies to paint a picture of “peaceful, stable, and fast-growing” Ethiopia. We should be glad if that were the case. Donor need to get an alternative picture of Ethiopia whose youth are unemployed and are out-migrating in tens of thousands, young women in the grip of modern day slave-trade, expanding jail system [several-fold than during the brutal Derg], worsening living conditions of the populace, and of course billions stolen from state treasury and transferred to foreign banks and Tplf leaders walking free. It was reported as early as 2007 that 29 clients from Ethiopia have accounts totaling $9,987,629.91 in HSBC Swiss Bank. Tecola the lawyer glosses over such FACTS because it is bound to implicate Tplf leaders.

  2. Anonymous
    | #2

    Professor Tekola: I don’t have much to say except saying Keep up sharing your wisdom and eloquent pen. In this particular article, you didn’t only write your thoughts but undeniable facts. It might be beneficial that your articles translated to Amharic, Tigrigna and Oromifa … & if possible in Arabic language, so Ethiopian people can benefit as Egyptians can grasp the undeniable truth of the water. Our Academicians do have a lot to share like you than criticizing each others personality. God bless you & keep it up.
    Respectfully!

  3. deriba Gotchu
    | #3

    @Alem
    Alem,
    Tried to understand what your misgivings with the analysis of the subject at hand were. You obviously painted a picture that the writer was dishonest in his presentation. However, he clearly raised some critical points which will have detrimental national consequences. It seemed plausible such alarming issues should be raised and discussed at this critical juncture before it is too late and not sure if you disagree with this view. This of course, unless you are convinced that the purpose of the writer was to touch on sore national issues such that to garner support for the government. Not sure whether your conclusion that the writer’s wish was for TPLF to remain in power can be drawn in that fashion either. One thing which shouldn’t slip by unnoticed and watched for is whether there have been differences of opinion at the high levels of the government on the conduct of negotiation of GERD. Not having any prior knowledge of the writer except the occasional browsing through some of his commentary on issues and therefore with no reference of allegiance, I believe the issues he discussed here were timely and worth analysing.

  4. Darewos
    | #4

    It is all the old wine in a new bottle. Professor Tecola Hagos is trying to resell the stale boring and false propaganda of his TPLF regime to us. The renaissance of a country like Ethiopia should not be associated with building a hydro electric dam. This distraction or the so called renaissance dam was the impulsive reaction to the scenario of the Arab spring in Ethiopia. The late ethno-fascist leader of the TPLF aite Meles Zenawi,conceived and gave birth to it at once. The fact that its conception and birth happened simultaneously shows the state of panic and fear the possible spread of the Arab spring to Ethiopa has caused in the TPLF regime. he damages the TPLF is inflicting on Ethiopia through its divide and rule are very difficult to repair as they are getting worse every day. A dam can not fix all this damage since it is not physical. Renaissance can only happen in Ethiopia through the removal of the fascist and racist rule of the TPLF and an all inclusive national reconciliation. The TPLF members and beneficiaries could come with arguments such as economic growth or progress. But the economic benefits they brag about are limited to them.

  5. Abere
    | #5

    It would have been great if Eritreans or foreigners, who have none of Ethiopia’s interest at heart, did not “muddy” our discussion of national issues. Reading some of the comments above (Darewos et al.), it felt like I was in one of the several Shabiya (PFDJ) websites I sometimes skim for regional context.

  6. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #6

    Eklektisch’ነትን ባልሰጋ ኖሮና ከፍተኛ መቆጠብን ባልመርጥ ኖሮ, Tecola W. Hagos, Alem, deriba Gotchu እና Darewos’ን የሚያገናኙና ከመራራቅ ይልቅ የሚያቀራርቧቸው ነጥቦች ለመኖራቸው ባሳየሁኝ እንዴት ደስ ባለኝ!

    ለማንኛውም, how about trying to complement each other for the sake of ምድረ ፅዮን-ኢትዮጵያችን and against Arabs ጠላቶቻችን እና ተላላኪያቸው our አንድ አርብ ቀረሽ ወዲ ሓትኖ “ከሃገረ” ጦጣ ግንባር, and for the unconditional emancipation and freedom of the society in ETHIOPIA !?

  7. Ye Gonder Jegna
    | #7

    THANKS GOD ETHIOPIA IS RISING SHINING ONCE AGAINS UNDER EPRDF LEADERSHIP

    I am greatful to alive to witness such positive socioeconomic development within Ethiopia, specially when it comes to building fundamental infrastructures and social institutions such as the mega hydro dam projects,railroad projects, universities, highways, roads, mega irrigation farms, mass transportations, laying the fundamental grounds to industrialization, exploration of raw material discoveries and conversion and exportation of finished products instead of exporting raw materials, food self reliance and efficiency, educating the farmers for better farming, preparing the young generation with healthy dose of mentality and education, peace and harmony within society with mutual respect and in mutual interest, expansion of the Africas biggest air line industry and expansion of airports within every region of the country etc……
    Of course all these today is written in western medias and news papers.

  8. Geremew Bewnetu
    | #8

    Alem #1 is showing us his silliness day to day. I have read the paper by Abiy Chelkeba and there is nothing unprofessional in the way Prof Tecola quoted him. Alem’s allegation is simply wrong. By the way I have read a number of articles and essays written by Prof Tecola, and I am always impressed by his honesty and academic integrity. He sites his sources properly as a good academic writer.

    Moreover, Alem as usual is confusing the issue that is being discussed by Tecola–the state of the negotiation and future of the use of the Blue Nile water by riparian states namely Egypt and Sudan and the originating state, Ethiopia. Alem is simply attacking the good Professor on flimsy grounds. It seems Alem is jealous of the abilities and achievements of Tecola not to mention his good looks. And that is the face of an Ethiopian.

    Alem give up this personal attack for you will never be as famous, or as productive and capable as Tecola W. Hagos. He is what I call a genius, a true renaissance man. As to his writing ability, can you name a more engaging writer who uses the English language as beautifully as he does.

    Talk about achievement: For example, Tecola’s paintings are already in museums on permanent display, his tiny book is a collector’s item fetching thousands of dollars, his students value him more and more, he has loyal friends all over the World and tens of thousands in Ethiopia and in his hometown Dessie. And above all, true to his ancestral tradition, he is a true patriot, a defender of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ethiopia.

    Read this Article above on the Blue Nile and the Renaissance Dam and the issues and/or problems of Egypt. I also urge you to reread his master work on the decision of the Border Commission posted by Ethiomedia and others a couple of years ago. I thank you Professor Tecola for all your work and effort in serving us your people and your Ethiopia, as you love to call us.

  9. Daniel
    | #9

    I thought that professor Tecola Hagos had returned to Ethiopia following the death of his nemesis, Meles Zenawi. He likes TPLF-Meles.

  10. Wollegaa
    | #10

    Why did not the previous three Debub AMHARA (SHOWA AMHARA) dominated government’s did not try to build the hydro dam instead of wasting the country resources and money in buying tanks,Bomber jets and weapons to systematically to eradicate non DEBUB AMHARA ETHIOPIANS (Oromos,TIGRE,Sidama,Gamebela,semen Amaras) etc….?????

  11. Yohannse Eshete
    | #11

    @Anonymous
    Thank you Dr. Tecola Hagos to this insightful,educational essay. You are always the protector and defender Ethiopia’s national interest and national security. Ethiopia needs in hundreds like Dr. Tecola Hagos who has enlightening philosophical idea. Thank you again Dr.Tecola Hagos.

  12. woyane is in crisis -politically and financially?
    | #12

    ጥhank you Alem. Pro supports Woyane jsut because he is a Tigre. It is his right but the problem is insulting others as traitors supporters of this or that group.

    we should leave him telling him we love Ethiopia not ethnic politics.
    I put questions to pro Tecola asking him to differentiate the facts from the fictions regarding his article about the evidences presented in the video.
    Instead of answering the questions he accused me being a memeber/supporter of Ginbot 7 and called me a traitor.

    All i can say to him is to oppose Woyane is not a crime and it does not equate with being traitor. I do not need to belong to any political party to oppose Woyane policies.
    He lacks basic knowledge and skill to present his ideas or he is blind suporter because he comes from Tigre.

    ፈስ ያለበት ዝላይ አይችልም እንዲሉ በሆነ ባልሆነው ክሃዲ ባንዳ እያለ ይሳደባል ባያወቀው እንጂ እንደ ምሁርነቱ ጥያቄየን ማስተናገድ መቻል ነበረበት ይህ ስላልሆነም ዘረኝነት የተናወጸው ነው የልማት ካድሬ ብዬ ትቼዋለሁ

  13. Alem
    | #13

    Let us see what Tecola and his crew have to say. First, point-guard Tecola spits in public and like flies his attendants fill up the space. #2 sings “wisdom and eloquence of [Tecola's] pen.” Nothing else. #3 “not having prior knowledge of writer” or his other articles speaks glowingly of him. Nothing else. #5 says it is all Shabiya and foreigners challenging Tecola. Nothing else. #6 urges NO DISSENT please, just agree. Nothing else. #7 sings praises of Eprdf [really Tplf]. Nothing else. #8 claims reading Abiy Chelkeba’s paper and finds nothing wrong with Tecola’s cheating. Did not spell out what he actually read or if he ever understood what he read. He further complements Tecola’s “genius” and painting. #10 criticizes “Debub Amhara” to heap praises on Tplf; calls himself “Wollega” as did #3 “deriba” to grant Tecola universal appeal. Nothing else. For #11 Tecola is “defender” and “protector” of Ethiopia.

    Does the reader now see how 8 out of 12 comments above did not address my concerns but rather chose to further distract? None answered the fact that Tecola was caught cheating. None discussed Tecola’s statement that “Election to me is an educational process and the outcome of any election, including the one coming up in May, is just an exercise—for the result is already predetermined in the staging of this drama.” You expect such statements coming from a “genius” and “human rights lawyer?” It only confirms my prior suspicion that Tecola and his team of detractors are commissioned by Tplf to do just that. It is always about Tecola and his “brilliance.” Tecola never tires of talking about himself. What do you make of statements below?:

    Tecola to Teodros:
    My good Prof Teodros #21: Thank you for the complement. But you are being far too modest about your outstanding abilities in articulating and delivering concise and enlightening analysis or summations of complex ideas. On the other hand you are setting a standard of behavior for all of us that it is far wiser not to answer a question if the question requires much discussion and in-depth expose to do it justice than to give some shabby and half-shod answer. Thank you, Teodros.

    Teodros to Tecola:
    Dear Professor Tecola;
    Thanks as well for you, the busiest and brightest Ethiopian intellectual I know who takes the time to respond to my remarks.

    Teodros to Askale:
    Dear Askale, no 10;
    I am going to spare you from being unable to see yourself, if I were to point my analytic mind against your lamentable inabilities to read an article and respond to it, instead of doing irrelevant family research on Teodros. I love my Ethiopian readers so much that I will not disappoint them by degenerating to your level and drink from the stupidity of ignorance. It is obvious that you are suffering from ignorance and the remedies are knowledge, decency and cultural polish which I learned from my Ethiopian/Tigrean Feudal background, for which I am grateful, exactly like my brilliant friend, Professor Tecola Hagos.

    Teodros is the same guy who told us Ghelawdewos Araia is “the leading educational theorist” in Ethiopia. It is of course a lie. I challenged him to point us to the evidence [as in such an article in a peer-reviewed journal] and no answer yet! Readers should remember the metaphor of the mechanic-as-surgeon; that is, dressed in a surgeon’s coat. That is what is going on here. As well as building a resume over the Internet [as when you google you find who the "genius" is, who "the leading educational theorist" is. That is how cheap this game is becoming.

    I do realize my not sparing G7. Olf, Moresh has its downside; in that you lose support quite quickly. The issue, however, ought not to be finding support but identifying why after 23 years we are not making any meaningful progress. The answer: we have too much on our plate as well as Team Tecola muddying the water in the garb of "liberators." So here are my two cents;
    Don't waste time on Abay Dam [there is nothing bad about a dam built; previous govts could not do it due to geopolitics and financing issues]; don’t waste time on Eritrea, Assab, Orthodox Church, G7, G8, Moresh, Olf. Just focus on few priority items and put all your energies into them. Elections 2015 is one; human rights [Eskinder, Reeyot, Zone 9, etc; young women and modern day slavery; tens of thousands fleeing the country Tplf says is “peaceful, stable, and on fast-growth track;” expanding jail system; corruption, of course. You need not join a party to do all this. Get yourself a laptop and do all you can. Educate donor publics. Team up with others with complementing talents. And so on.

    I challenge Tecola the “defender” of human rights and freedom of speech to make publicly accessible articles in a website bearing his name. Why is he hiding it from the public? Could it be he is NOT what he and his “team” claim him to be?

  14. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #14

    1. The immigrants of NAZI.COM and TOL-”Gedaref” and ኢሪ-ጦጣዎች in to the አቡጊዳ, please go home back, so that concerned ETHIOPIANS can discuss on substantial ethiopian matters and issues.

    2. ጭንጋፉ የአስካርያን ልጅ ኢትዮጵያ ላይ ባመጣው ክህደትና መአትን አስመልክቶና, ገሃነበ እሳት ኤርትራ ልትጫወተው በምትፈልገው ከዝቅተኛነት መንፈስ የተነሳ የከእኔ በላይ ማን አለ ባይ የባዶ ቆፎነትና የአረቦች አገልጋይነት ገረድነት “ፖለቲካን” አስመልክቶ

    3. ኢትዮጵያን ከገሃነም እሳት ውስጥ ሆኖ ወደ ባሰው ገሃነመ እሳት ዘንዳ “ነፃ ለማውጣት” ወደ በአሁኑ ስዓት የምድሪቱ ታላቅዋ ገሃነመ እሳት-ኤርትራ ዘንዳ እየፈለሱ የሚገኙትንና, በርግጥም በተግባር ግን ዋናዎቹ የሻዕቢያና የማሌሊት ካድሬዎች ሆነው የሚያገለግሉትን ኢትዮጵያውያንን አስመልክቶ

    4. በውጭም ሆነ በውስጥ ፖለቲካ ሳብያ ኢትዮጵያ blackmail መደረግ እንደሌለባትን አስመልክቶ በዋናዎቹ የዚህ አር አርእስት opponents- ተኮላ/”አለም” መሃከል የሚቀራረቡ ነጥቦች ይታዩኛል::

    5. “ያደረውን” እና አለም ሙጭጭ የሚልበትን ነጥባቸውን በሚመለከት የማውቀው ጉዳይ የለኝም::

    6. “ትግራዋይ እና አምሓራይ” ባንሆን ኖሮ ብዙ ጊዜዎች ከወደ ተኮላነት ይልቅ ወደ አለምነት ያመዘንኩባቸው ብዙ አርእስቶች እና እኔም አስተያየቴን ያልደበቁባቸው ስዓታት አልፈዋል::

    7. በቀጥታ መቧደስ ልምዴ አይደለም እንጂ, ደበቅ ባለው ልዛቤዬ ግን ብዙ ጊዜ በተኮላ ላይ ወቀሳዎችን አቅርቢያለሁኝ::

    8. በጠባዬ ምሽራው-(ትግርኛ) ማለትም ምንም እንኳን በአማርኛ ቀጥተኛ ትርጉም ባላገኝለትም, ግን እንደ ጭፍን ወገንተኛ ብንለው, መሻረወቲዎችን አስመልክቸ ቀደም ስል ድምፄን ስላሰማሁኝ, አርእስት ብቅ ባለ ቁጥር እንደ አቡነዘሰማያት የምደግምበት ምክኒያት አይታየኝም:: Down with ሓሳዲዝም!

    9. ቀዳሚውና ዋናው የህዝብ ወገኖች ነን ብለው ድምፃቸውን ለሚያሰሙ ወገኖች አላማቸው ወደፊት የሚመራውን the unconditional emancipation and freedom of the society in ETHIOPIA መሆን እንዳለበት ማሳሰቤ “urges NO DISSENT please, just agree. Nothing else” በሚለው አርእስት ስር የሚያሰልፈኝ መስሎ እንዳልታየኝ ባሳስብ, ተስፋ አደርጋለሁኝ ሌላ …… ደግሞ እንደማያስከትል!

    10. እኔን አስመልክቶና ከማንኛውም ፍጡር ጋራ አጠጋግቶ crew የሚለውን ቃል መሰንዘር በገለልተኛ ታዝቢዎችም ሊያስገምት ይችላልና, ቅፅሎችን ስንወረውር ለወደፊቱ አስተውሎ ጠንቀቅ ማለቱ ያዋጣል!!

    - ምድረ ፅዮን ሆይ, አምስት-አምስት ልጆቻቸውን ያሰዉት የዓድዋ እናቶች እንደሚመሰክሩት ከናቅፋ ህንድ ውቅያኖስ ከተቀላጠፈው ልጅሽ ቆልዓ ሽረ ጎን መቆምሽን ምን ጊዜም አትዘንጊ!

  15. Abeto Kaleworede
    | #15

    Prof Tecola Hagos, thank you for this outstanding article. It is highly helpful to us, and hopefully would inspire other intellectuals to write about the Blue Nile, and the other international rivers. Ignore Alem and a whole group of them. They are cowards who could not even write independently an article except to attack people who are willing to share their concerns about our country. It is a joke identifying them selves as “true” Ethiopians, when we know most are just carpetbaggers with no real commitment to defend Ethiopia. You are our last Samurai with a “pen” sharper than a sword.

  16. aha!
    | #16

    Prof. Tecola Hagos your essay in this article is directed and is based on the stance of the TPLF/eprdf regime, a conglomerate of ex-liberation fronts, which fought the previous regimes in terms of operation of nations and nationalities to form a government structure with the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism as carry over from the Derg military dictatorship and state capitalism that denies free market capitalism at least in terms of private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia and does not include individual freedom, liberty and equality before the law, independent branches of government and party alignments along the national agenda in its constitution for it to accommodate the silent majority of Ethiopians under Ethiopian Nationalism for unity, territorial integrity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual rights as you stipulated to exceed ethnic and secessionist rights.

    If that is the premise to your essay/narratives to your essay as per the title of the article, it would have been appropriate as a letter to the Minister of Water, Energy and Irrigation, about the ramifications of a deal brokered by United Nations and CFA based on equitable distribution of the Nile water/Blue Nile, where you believe the devil is in the details of agreement.

    In an advisory capacity, you are also alerting the TPLF/eprdf regime to responsible assign contracts to foreign contractors as well local to follow some legal procedures, I presume in allocating contracts, I presume, when we know that TPLF/eprdf regime is supported by crony capitalism that is engaged in exploitations, political and economic strangle hold of countries resources and its people to say the least about corruption and advising the TPLF/eprdf regime to rally the silent majority of Ethiopians to develop a national fervor over the GERD Renaissance Dam, which is not based on Ethiopian Nationalism for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians. Off course, Ethiopians will march against external aggressors, but only to maintain unity, territorial integrity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians.

    As far the rights to the blue Nile is concerned the down stream riparian countries have the rights to gravitational flow of the river and sediments that come with it and the underground water and the drinking water, resulting from the gravitational flow of the Blue Nile, which is subject to loss to due harsh desert environment, whereby Ethiopia has the right to revitalize the watershed basins to contain the runoff, as well as build in this case a reasonable size dam, that subjected to high evaporative demand on the harsh environment and variable amount of rain fall due droughts in the highlands, never the less allow for equitable share of the Blue Nile River water with agreement between the Upper Nile and Down Stream Riparian countries with the arbitration and monitoring by the United Nations. Your suggestions, never the less to the TPLF/eprdf regime to be cautious in their negotiations.

  17. deriba Gotchu
    | #17

    @Alem
    Alem,
    What you have posted in #13 is even more bizarre than the first one (#1).
    You somehow bundled together some selected postings (including mine #3) as somehow coming from individuals supporting and working for the writer of the article. It is mystifying how you worked that out. I wonder on what factual evidence you based that sort of outlandish assertion. If you really want to be taken seriously, you need to refrain from making such wild unsubstantiated claim against individuals. Moreover, you need to read and understand the subject matter before you rush into posting objectionable reply. On at least two points you touched on, you failed to understand and accurately quote the opinions you were objecting to. In #3, contrary to what you said, there was recognition of reading some commentaries by the presenter of this article but discounts any knowledge of the person himself. This was quite different from the way you went ahead and put down. You should appreciate the interest was not the person but the subject matter so, shouldn’t it be yours? In addition, you concluded by inference the writer wishes TPLF to stay in power. I am afraid I could not draw that view and suggest you may be wrong and we should let the readers decide if they see it the way you saw it.
    What was glaringly obvious from your two postings was that some serious personal issues are at work between yourself and the presenter of the article. Those got in the way and unfortunately cranked you up into making outrageous allegations not only against the writer but also individuals I believe you have no knowledge of. Look what you have done with this pent up anger of yours. The subject matter has completely disappeared into thin air. That you have achieved, if that was your desire all along. The personal squabble with the writer has taken center stage. This is like a movie in which the main star gets killed at the beginning of the movie marking the end of the show even before it begins. You wouldn’t be able to find anything more tragic than this, would you? For your sake you may see it as an achievement well deserved. But for the concerned citizens it may be unwelcome distraction. No detail of the tripartite agreement is known and the writer was justified in discussing the various scenarios to look for and he also put forward his own recommendations for the reader to consider. It seems he has an intimate knowledge of the subject matter and best placed to present it. Mind you this is not giving a glowing rave to the writer as you are inclined to suggest. It is discernible by going through the analysis he gave on the issue at hand. Personal matters aside, knowing well that there is a lot at stake particularly, when nothing was known about the agreement under discussion the correct thing for you to do will be to join in and try to make some positive contributions. Otherwise, if you carry on vilifying individuals without any ground you may run out of space for positive thinking and end up un-hinged. Sorry for being a little harsh in my comments. Just remember, LIFE IS TOO SHORT to carrying on bickering!

  18. Dilwenberu
    | #18

    Professor Tecola,
    You are the true and patriotic son of Tigray first and then Ethiopia. keep up your contributions and do not be distracted by the toxic and vocal Amhara diaspora.

  19. W.Wosson
    | #19

    [deriba Gotchu]

    What do you suppose you did with your highly opinionated counter response to Alem? It is obvious to me you let Alem’s response gets in to your skin.

    It
    is one ting to suggest others be

    positive thinkers but quite another to demonstrate through not mere words but actions of your own that you are full of life.

    I am sure you are able to see this unless ,Deribu Gotchu and

    ecola W.Hagos are same identical persons.

    Any ways,After I read your response I can
    only say I sense a steam coming out crock pot that is neglected of an attendant.

    After I read your response I can
    only say I sense a steam coming out of an attended crock pot.

  20. Yohannes Ke Dallas
    | #20

    አይይ!!! እግዜር ይይላችሁ እናንተ ተማርን የምትሉ የሰሜን ወንድሞቻችን:: አይንን በጨው አጥቦ መዋሸት ከእኔም በላይ ኢትዮጵያዊ ላሳር ማለትና ነውር አለማወቅ ከየት አመጣችሁት?? ያ በፈሪሃ እግዚአብሄር የተሞላ በሃይማኖቱ ጽኑ የትግራይ ህዝብ እናንተን የመሰለ ሲያበቅል እንዴት ያፍርባችሁ?? አይን ያወጣ ውሽታችሁ!!! ሲታወቅባችሁ መናደድና መሳድባችሁ ደግሞ የበለጠ ያሳዝናል:: ሞት የቀደመው ለገሰ ዜናዊ ነው? አማካሪው ተኮላ ሐጎስ ነው? የውሸት ፕሮፌሰሩ ቆስጠንጢኖስ ነው? ዛሬ ደግሞ የወያነው ውጭ ጉዳይ ሃኪም አድሃኖም በጠቅላላው የወያኔ አለቃ ከምንዝር ስንቱን ጠርተን? በአደባባይ ማፈሪያ ስራ እየሰራችሁ ስለዝሆነ የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ በድፍኑ አንገት አስደፋችሁ እንኳን የህዝብ አንገት ማስደፋት የሀገርም አንገት አስቆርጠን ብንዋሽሳ አንተን ደግሞ ማን ይሉሃል እንደማትሉኝ እምነቴ የጸና ነው:: የውሸት ክፋቱ አንዴ ብቻ ነው የምትፈልገውን ኧታለህ የምታገኝበት ለሁለተኛው ለሶስተኛው ከዚያም ቀጥሎ
    ተዓማኒነትህን በገዛ ውሸትህ ተሸርሽሮ እንኳን ሊያምኑህ ቀድሞ የሚያዳምጥህ ስለመኖሩ መጠራጠር ነው

  21. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #21

    ውድ Alem,

    በጣሙን በጅጉን critical የሆኑ ጓዶች ስለሚያስፈልጉ, እንጠብቅሃለንና please come back! አለበለዚያ ከመደዴዎች ጋራ ብቻ ሊሆን ነው ውላችን ሁሉ ማለት ነው::

    ብቻ ተኮላን ዶሴህን በሙሉ ካላሳየኸኝ ሱሬን ባንገቴ አወጣለሁኝ የምትለውን ነገር, እንኻንስ ባንገትህ ይቅርና በስነ ስርአቱ በእግርህ በኩልም አወጣለሁኝ ብለህ ብታስፈራራው አያሳይህምና! ከዚያም በላይ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ እስር ቤት ውስጥ የሚገኙትን ኢትዮጵያውያንን አስመልክቶ ተኮላ የመሰለውን ሃሳብ የማቅረብ መብት እንዳለው ተቀበልለት:: “ከመ ቅፅበት መሰቀል አለባቸውን” የመሳሰሉ ነገሮችን ካመጣ ብቻ ነው ሞራሊና ፖለቲካሊ የሚያስወግዘው:: ከዚያ በተረፈ ግን የመሰለውን ሃሳብ ቢያቀርብ የመቀበልና አለመቀበል ሃላፊነቱ የታሳሪዎቹ እና የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ፈንታ ነው::

    በሌላዎቹ አባባሎችህ ግን ማንኛችንም እንሻሻል ዘንዳ ታላቅ አስተዋፅኦ ስለምታደርግ አሁንም ናና ለኢትዮጵያና ለህዝቦችዋ መዋደቅህን ቀጥል::

    ያንተው…….
    ከወንድማዊ ሰላምታ ጋራ!

  22. Geremew Bewnetu
    | #22

    Alem, Ancient, Ke Dallas are all either Shabia or EPRP or TPLF agents. They write garbage, confuse people, insult highly educated and capable Ethiopian nationalists such as Prof Tecola. Just see what they are writing and the serious subject under consideration. Tecola is a highly skilled well read and writer with profound insights about several problems facing us as Ethiopians. All of his essays, books, and comments are in the best interest of Ethiopia and all Ethiopians. You people learn to distinguish between what is personal and what is of public interest before writing a single line of your insulting statements. I thank you Prof Tecola for all your essays and this particular one so informative and helpful in understanding the problems of sharing the waters of our Abaye (Blue Nile)

  23. Ancient-Yeha.eu
    | #23

    ከምቲ ብናይ ዓረብ ሓለዋት ዝተላዕቖጠ ናይ ጎድፍ መርዚ ዘልመፀት ዕብዲት ከልቢ ካብ ጎድፍ ናብ ጎድፍ እትኽልፍለፎ፣ ብዓል ክልተ እግሪ ኣሕዋታ’ውን እንተኾኑ ድሕሪ ወሰንየለሽ ሓሺሽ ምሕያኽ ካብ ወብሳይት ናብ ወብሳይት ኸለፍለፍ ማለት ጠጠው ዝብለሉ መንገዲ እንተተደልየ እንታይ ይመስለኩም ኣሕዋት/ኣሓት፣ ከምኡ’ውን ኣያ አቡጊዳ!?

    ካብቶም ዋና ነጥብታትና ንኣብነት ከምቲ ካልኦት ኣሕዋት ኣብ ካሊእ ሸነኻት ዝብልዎ ዘለዉ፣ “በማያስፈልግ ጉዳይ ላይ ጊዜ አናጥፋ:: አሁን የሚያሰጋው ግብጽ ለነሌንጮ ለታና ለግንቦት7 በኤርትራ በኩል የምታደርገው እርዳታና ጫና ነው::”

    ኢትዮጵያ ድማ ብቑዓት ናይ ባዕላ ደቃ ከምዘለውዋ ክርሳዕ የብሉን:: Down with those ተዓሰብቲ!!

  24. Anonymous
    | #24

    Tecola a ‘prisoner’ under protective custody, eloquently express the view of the majority. At the final analysis, he apologize in favor of his captives and fulfil his obligations. Tecola’s attempt or dream to befuddle the minds of the masses and divert them from the anti-woyane struggle is a laughable failure. Renegades days are numbered !

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