Reconciliation for Peace or peace for reconciliation? By Obo Arada Shawl

June 18th, 2015 Print Print Email Email

There are some topics not fit for any discussion, some for lack of knowledge, others for fear of retribution and far more for cultural misunderstanding.

In my case, the topic of me, my family, community, country and global community do not merge neatly into conversational discussion. Why because of a single phenomenon of cultural history. ዘር!!!

What is cultural history? It is the culmination of cultural value with general history. Culture for Ethiopians is a state of mind, for Eritreans it is telling you about yourself.

Personally I grew up independently in renting houses, in boarding schools and colleges. That gave me a kind of individualistic values. My early childhood was surrounded by strong personal family and extended village families. This in turn gave me the chance to understand the value of community life. Having travelled across a recognized international border between Independent Ethiopia and British Administered Eritrea, I have realized that I was a non-immigrant Ethiopian that gave me the concept of country value. Until that point in time, like everybody else, I was a nationalist. My nationalism was manifested during the Neway brothers Coup d’état attempt to topple the Haile Sellasie regime where Eritrean Wingate’s had aspired and conspired to return to Eritrea.

However, after my enrollment at the Addis Ababa College, also known as USAA, Eritrean nationalism was abandoned by many of us – now immigrants to Ethiopia. During the 1950’s and 60’s, the sons and daughters of Eritrea have prospered and progressed unabated throughout Ethiopia. On the private as well as in the public sector Eritreans did very, very well. On the government arena though, there were some hi-cups because of conspiracies and secrets perpetuated by foreign powers.

The above covert operations brought havoc both to Eritreans and Ethiopians. There was neither reason nor logic to fight for both people to fight to the bitter end. Those University students -through their Student Union – realized that Eritreans were in fact the backbone of Ethiopianness and that they were not to be agents of foreign powers, the majority of University students were supportive of the Eritrean cause for nationalism for obvious reasons.

This so-called nationalism, devoid of Ethiopianness will not last long for the following two reasons. The first perspective was that Eritrea – etymologically originated from the Greeks- albeit temporarily amalgamated by the Italians would never alter the real Eritreanness. They will remain with the other Greek name Ethiopia. The University Student Body argued that both Eritrea and Ethiopia were interchangeable names. Their adopted name was Abyssinia. What is a name? Call me by any name!!!

On the other side of the spectrum of the Student Movement was the idea that Internationalism will be the order of the day. Countries will merge together provided they are governed and led by Proletariat policy and party. The powerful dictum of Karl Marx “workers of the world unite; you have nothing to lose except your chains”. Powerful as it was, the Eritreans not only those who were born and raised in Ethiopia but also those who have read the Communist Manifesto adopted it and forgot all about Eritrean nationalism.

According to my understanding, the real struggle was not either/or the Eritrean nationalism versus the Ethiopian nationalism. Both concepts of struggle collide in unhealthy environment. They could have taken the course of the Czechs’ and Slovakia republics way of separation. The Czechoslovakians did it peacefully as they are a nation of readers whereas the majority of Eritreans and Ethiopians were/are illiterate despite the provision of GEEZ alphabet.

Adding insult to injury, the digital age has made life more difficult to both Eritreans and Ethiopians. So what is the solution? Reconciliation or peace, which comes first? The chicken or the egg? ሀርነት Or ናዝነት? i.e. liberty or freedom?
In order to answer the above questions, we have to go back to the root causes of the conflict. The conflict is based on nationalism instead of the Ethiopian Revolution. The Ethiopian Revolution transcends all others including the struggle for nationalism. The true Ethiopian Revolution was derailed by the slogans of the DERG, aborted by the EPLF and messed up by the TPLF. The true Ethiopian Revolution also known as Eway Revolution is based primarily on methodology although to a lesser extent on content.

The Ethiopian Revolution was designed to change the land tenant system, the bureaucratic system of governance along with the struggle against foreign domination. These three culprits of a) absent landlordism b) bureaucratic regime and c) Imperialism were the target of the Ethiopian Revolution. In the process thousands died, millions were displaced and hundred thousand left the country. The end result is anybody’s guess. As if this is not enough, a second wave of terror and displacement has taken place. Immigrant Ethiopians were deported to Eritrea, brotherly war was carried out that cost over a hundred thousand lives and others are leaving both Eritrea and Ethiopia as if they have no land of their own. To break this cycle of hatred and animosity, arbitration was arranged in 2000. Mind you that was not mediation. What has happened to this arbitration or reconciliation is again anybody’s guess?

This brings me to the main topical title, which come first, reconciliation or peace? I ask my readers to pose and expose this question and decide on the priority. Here lies our solution for future generation. We are not allowed to make a third suicidal mistake on community and societies. We have to negotiate for reconciliation instead of seeking peace for peace has become an illusion not only in the Ethiopian-Eritrean case but also across all sectors of oppositional forces.
Good luck on your choices of priority.
For questions, critics and concerns
mailto:oboaradashawl@gmail.com

  1. woyane is in crisis -politically and financially?
    | #1

    Corrections
    Dear Obo Arada Shawl
    Wow!!!!!
    I love every bit you said except one questions!!!!! It is fact there was no animosity between people of Ethiopia and Eritriea. Problem is with the two political organisations TPLF and EPLF who are basically ethnic- based parties formed in the 70s serving strategic interests of foreign countries more than their own people.
    My question is how do you bring reconcilations considering EPLF and Woyane being in power and when many of the oppositions are still beat drum of religious and ethnic differences.
    Thank you again

  2. Bishop Golias
    | #2

    I like this piece and I do like it to the extreme. The inflexible hard-liners of EPLF and EPRP are soon going to the “big party” hacked by old age, Viagra filled hard-on, diabetes, arteritis of the heart and the demon of dementia. The new generation of Eritrea and Ethiopia have much to learn from Obbo Arada/Aba Shawl(Mr. Seedy:the seedy part of Addis and Asmara), who is unfailingly honest, witty and wise. His whole ideas are palatable to me than the screed of those PhD holders, who often times posted a lengthy article,treatises and thesis, which contents they do not understand. Thanks for the good job and humor, Obo Arada Shawl

  3. Yihdega
    | #3

    It is a good and timely article. Thank you. Please proceed and tell us how reconciliation can be made practical.

  4. Umasalam
    | #4

    Reconciliation is a noble goal. But how to go about it?

  5. God knows better
    | #5

    The writer of this piece has a lot of things that he can share with us. I hope he comes up with more of the same and perhaps suggest ideas on the way forward which can benefit the people in our region.

    To me there won’t be peace as long as satanic forces dominate the political play in the region.

    Every region and part of the world is controlled by satanic forces of some description,
    For eg., in Europe and the USA the satanic force that dominates life revolve around drug/alcohol abuse, sexual perversion, sodomism, occult worship etc. these forces control how people relate to each other, treat each other and behave as individuals and within their communities.

    In Asia, the demonic forces in charge are pagan worship, sexual perversion and corruption and these dominate society

    In Africa the satanic force in control in the region use ethnic conflict, corruption and many of the satanic influences from Europe and USA are also in play in the region.

    In the middle east , satan has a total foothold in the region. Jihaddism which idolizes murder, corruption and many other satanic influences are wrecking havock in the region.

    These are dark spiritual forces that can only be eliminated by the power of God. God will let the devil to mess up disobeying people.

    People have turned away from God.They think they know everything and have taken matters into their hands. – and look at the result- murdering each other, sexually perverted and corrupting their minds with all kinds of evil.
    Turn to God Almighty and let Him lead you!!

  6. tewbel
    | #6

    The article is confusing as well as the authors view evolves in a spinning vacuum.
    Who is to reconcile with whom?

  7. Sam
    | #7

    Obo writes “during the 1950s and 60′s, the sons and daughters of Eritrea have prospered and progressed unabated throughout Ethiopia.” That is very true. They prospered because there was fertile economic ground for them to be. During the Italian colonization a middle income Eritreans were created albeit in small numbers. Some Eritreans who came to Ethiopia engaged in some business that Ethiopians were not familiar with. I recall one Eritrean saying we Eritreans are the one who taught how to use spoons to Ethiopians. That might be true, but he forgot to mention that the Eritreans learned that “scientific knowledge” from Italians. He also writes ” we have to negotiate for reconciliation instead of seeking peace.” But what we do reconcile for? The Eritreans sought “freedom.” They got it. What really is the Eritreans want to reconcile with Ethiopia. Do not say about the border. That is a total bullshit. That is the total fabrication. The war was not about border. As for the reconciliation, Eritreans should reconcile with themselves. That is a very good start.

  8. Anonymous
    | #8

    #4, Umasalam, please tell #6, Tewbel that Reconciliation is a noble thing. Peace comes later on. Mr. Tewbel thinks that there is no conflict. Good for him. As to how to there is an ongoing process towards negotiation. everybody and everyone can join in, the solution is with you and me. As #3, Yihdego stated it, we will proceed. All three names say something of value and signifcance. Thanks for the comments keep on the discussion for it is part of the solution.

  9. wedinakfa
    | #9

    Writer I am absolutely confused with your article, I don’t understand what you trying to say bro OBO.

  10. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #10

    Our Eritrean neighbors should be left alone in sorting out their own internal affairs. They should also leave us alone so we can sort out our own issues peacefully with no need of destructive violence. On that fateful day in 1993, they had opted to going it alone and that historical decision was respected by all peace loving Ethiopians. Vast majority of them worship their leader(s) as divine entity and fanatically so. Therefore, they should be left alone and they should leave us alone. They are of special breeds of no kind in the Horn of Africa and even in the entire Sub-Sahara Africa. From how some of their scholars describe a common Eritrean, hey, they may not even be genetically Africans after all. They have promised me and the entire world their country would have become the Singapore-On-The Horn by now. They have a lot to do to complete that task. That is why they should be kept alone and to avoid any distraction and save their resources while they are hard at work maintaining their GDP(PPP) at par with of Singapore. Again, they should also leave us alone. Bon Voyage!!!!

    And for some mysterious reasons the author of this article has left some political organizations that were part of the chaos after the 1966 revolution which effectively ended the feudal governance system. How about organizations such MEISON, EPRP, ELF, WSLF, OLF and other miniscule groups which pulled the rising popular forces in all directions? All these groups had played part during the Red Terror as victims or committing killings as well. How come? To me human life is just as such – An Almighty purposely created sacred life. No one has the right to sniff it out without a day in a fair due process at a court of law. As much as I want to see that butcher Mengistu face the consequences of his evil murderous crimes he committed on hundreds of thousands of civilians (possibly millions), I can start to understand the problem courts like the ICC are having in filing charges accusing Mengistu and his cabals of committing crimes against humanity and ordering his arrest. I tell you, if he finds a prudent lawyer like the late Johnny Cochran he can put up an incredibly stubborn defense. As I said before. Human life is human life. No one has the right to take it away unless the individual is proven guilty in a fair and transparent court. Even that is not justifiable unless that law of the country calls for it. In our case, some 120 rowdy undisciplined soldiers held a pow wow over night and just mowed down 60 former officials of the Haile Selassie regime just to get their daily blood thirst fix. One the other side, other individuals with a very young mind and revolutionary zeal took the lives of civilians they deemed are some demons similar to those in the past history of the country. And the result is this wound they all left behind that refuses to heal.

  11. Waaqoo
    | #11

    When I was surfing the web, I bumped at G7 website and found an article titled “Partnership with a Dictatorship guarantees neither security nor stability in Ethiopia.” Wow, what a hypocrisy! If so, will partnership with Isayas Afeworki (a hard-nosed dictator) will guarantee the security and stability of Ethiopia or Eritrea as G7 claimed to promote?
    The only way to bring brotherhood between the people of Eritrea and Ethiopia is to stand together to root out savage systems of government entrenched in both nations and herald the dawn of democracy.

  12. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #12

    Please add TPLF to the groups I mentioned in my previous comment. Thanks.

  13. Anonymous
    | #13

    tewbel :
    The article is confusing as well as the authors view evolves in a spinning vacuum.
    Who is to reconcile with whom?

    tewbel :
    The article is confusing as well as the authors view evolves in a spinning vacuum.
    Who is to reconcile with whom?

    @tewbel

  14. obo arada
    | #14

    #6 Let alone among humans, accounting books have to be reconcile.

  15. obo arada
    | #15

    Another article is coming soon so as to answer all your querries. Thanks for all the comments, I really appreciate your comments.

  16. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #16

    Dear Editors,

    I am politely asking you about the latest status of my comment. I hope you will let it rip soon. Thanks.

  17. oba arada
    | #17

    Aba Farda

    Please, read the article again. It does not relate to the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia and also the reconciliation versus peace is not about the two countries. I don’t deal with countries but with ideas and issues. If you claim you are Farda, you should understand better than this line of reasoning. Anyway thanks for the comments although they are out of context.

  18. ግሩም
    | #18

    ወያኔ ለብሄራዊ እርቅ እና ለዘላቂ ሰላም ምንም ሃሳብ የለውም፡፡በ1997 አም የምርጫ ወቅት ላይ ይህ ሃሳብ ተነስቶ አጣጥሎት ነበር፡፡ለወያኔ ስልጣንና ሀብት የነብርን ጅራት አይዙም ከያዙም አይለቁም ሆኖበታል፡፡የምርጫው ውጤትና በሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ እየተካሄደ ያለው ግድያ ይህንን ቁልጭ አድርጎ የሚያሳይ ነው፡፡ስልጣን ላይ ያለው የወያኔ ሰይጣናዊ አገዛዝ ስልጣን-ወ-ሀብት ወይንም ሞት ብሎ ቆርጦ ተነስቷል፡፡ወያኔ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ የተላከ ዳግማዊ ዮዲት ጉዲት መርገምት ነው፡፡
    የምእራቡ አለም መንግስታት አጋሮቹም እነ ኦባማ በርታ በዚሁ ግፋበት መልእክታቸውን ለማስተላለፍ ኢትዮጵያን እንደሚጎበኙ እየተነገረ ነው፡፡ቅኝ-ገዥዎች ኢትዮጵያን በቁጥጥራቸው ስር የማድረግ የዘመናት ህልማቸው እውን መሆኑን ያረጋገጡበት ወቅት ነው፡፡የጉብኝቱ አላማ ይህንን መልእክት ለማስተላለፍ ጭምር የታቀደ ነው፡፡የሚቀጥሉት አምስት አመታት ወያኔ በባእዳን ሃይሎች የተሰጠውን ኢትዮጵያን የማዳካምና የማፈራረስ የቤት ስራውን በትክክል መወጣቱን የሚለይበት ወሳኝ ታሪካዊ ጊዜ ነው፡፡የተቃዋሚው ጎራ ይህ ሲሆን ዝም ብሎ የሚመለከት ከሆነ የታሪክ ተጠያቂነት ውስጥ ይገባል፡፡ለተቃዋሚው ጎራ እጅግ አሳፋሪ ሽንፈት ነው፡፡ሀገር ሳይኖር ዲሞክራሲ ሊኖር አይችልም፡፡የወያኔን ታሪካዊ ተፈጥሮ በመረዳት ትግሉ የዲሞክራሲ ሳይሆን የነፃነትና የሉአላዊነትና የህልውና ትግል መሆኑን መረዳት ይገባል፡፡ስለዚህ ቅድሚያ ሀገርን የማዳን እርብርቦሽ ሊደረግ ይገባል፡፡ወያኔ ከምርጫ በኋላ ጭራሽ እብሪቱ አገርሽቶበት ተቃዋሚ ናቸው የሚባሉትን ኢትዮጵያውንን እየገደለ እያሰቃየ እያሳደደ ነው፡፡በተለይም የፈረደበት አማራ የሚባለው ህዝብ ግንባር ቀደም የመከራ ገፈት ቀማሽ ነው፡፡ወያኔ አማራና ኦርቶዶክስ ክርስትናን ካላጠፋሁ እርፈት የለኝም ብሎ የቆረጠ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ነው፡፡በአማራ ላይ በማኒፌስቶ ጭምር በደደቢት በረሃ የረቀቀውን አማራን የማጥፋት ሰይጣናዊ እርምጃ በውጪ ያለው ተቃዋሚ ሃይል ለተባበሩት መንግስታት ለሀገራትና ለራሱ ለወያኔም ጭምር በፅሁፍ ማሳወቅ ይገባል፡፡ያለበለዚያ ይህንን አሜን ብሎ እንደመቀበልና እንደመደገፍ ነው የሚቆጠረው፡፡ላለፉት 24 አመታት ያህል በአማራው ላይ የተቃጣውን ጥቃት አቃሉ ማየት ነግ በኔ አለማለት ነው፡፡በአማራው ላይ የተቃጣው ግንባር ቀደም ጥቃት ውሎ አድሮ በኦሮሞው በጉራጌው ወዘተ ይቀጥላል፡፡የምርጫው ውጤትና ከዚያም ከቀጥሎ ወያኔ እየተከተለ ያለው እርምጃ አንድ በገሀድ የሚያሳየው ትልቅ መልእክት አለው፡፡ይኸውም ይህ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ላለፉት 24 አመታት ያህል ሲከተለው የነበረውን አጠናክሮ እንደሚቀጥልበት ነው፡፡ስለዚህ በሀገር ውስጥም ሆነ በውጪ ያለው ተቃዋሚ ሃይል ሁሉ እንደ ሀገር የኢትዮጵያ ህልውና እንዲቀጥል የሚፈልግ ከሆነ የሚከተለውን ማድረግ አለበት፡፡
    1ኛ)የኢትዮጵያን መልካም ከማይፈልጉ የባእዳን ሃይሎች ቅጥረኝነትን ማቆም
    2ኛ)ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ወዘተ የሚባሉ አስተሳሰቦችን ለጊዜው ወደጎን አድርጎ ቅድሚያ ኢትዮጵያን የማዳን ተግባር ላይ ማተኮር፡፡
    3ኛ)ትግሉ የነፃነት ጉዳይ ብቻ ሳይሆን ከዚያም በላይ የመኖርና ያለመኖር የህልውና ጉዳይ መሆኑን መረዳት፡፡ወጣቱ በሀገሩ ሰርቶ መኖር ባለመቻሉ ሀገር እየለቀቀ እየተሰደደ የበረሃ አውሬ እየበላው ባህር ውስጥ እየሰመጠ ነው፡፡ወያኔ ከራሱ ዘር ውጪ ያለው በተለይም አማራው ተማሮ ሀገር ለቆ እንዲወጣለት እያደረገ ነው፡፡
    4ኛ)ወያኔ አማራውን ለማጥፋት በፖሊሲ ደረጃ በረሃ ውስጥ እያለ የቀረፀውን የዘር ማጥፋት ፖሊሲና በአማራው ላይ የፈፀመውን የዘር ማጥፋት በይፋ ለተባበሩት መንግስታት ለውጪ ሀገራትና ለራሱ ለወያኔ ኦፊሺያል በሆነ መንገድ ማሳወቅ፡፡ውጪ ሀገር ያለው ተቃዋሚ ሃይል ይህንን ማድረግ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ አማራው እራሱ ዋና ባለቤት በመሆን በህቡእ በመደራጀት ሊወያይበትና ሊመክርበት ይገባል፡፡ይህ በአማራው ላይ የተቃጣውን ሰይጣናዊ ጥቃት እኔም እራሴ እስከ ቅርብ ጊዜ ድረስ ላለማመን ከፍተኛ ጥረት አድርጌ ነበር፡፡ነገር ግን ሁኔታው ከእለት ወደእለት ፍንትው ያለ ያፈጠጠ ያገጠጠ እውነት እንደሆነ ነው የተገነዘብኩት፡፡
    5ኛ)ወያኔ የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ የሚከፋፍልበትን እርስ በርስ የሚያናክስበትን የሚያዳክምበትን ጥቃቅን የሚመስሉ ግን ወሳኝ የሆኑ ዝርዝር ነገሮችን በጥሞና ማጥናትና በዚያ ላይ መስራት፡፡ለምሳሌ አንድ ለአምስት የሚባለው የስለላ መረቡ በሃይማኖት ተቋማት፣በስራ ቦታ፣በትምህርት ቤት እና ጭራሽ እስከ ቤተሰብ ድረስ የዘለቀ እንደሆነ ማወቅ ይጠቅማል፡፡አንዳንድ ሰዎች እንደሚያወሩት ወያኔ የትራንስፖርት ወያላዎችን ከህብረተሰቡ ጋር እስከማናከስ የደረሰ ሰይጣናዊ አገዛዝ ነው፡፡የአገዛዙ ዋና መለያ በማንኛውም አቅጣጫ ህብረተሰቡ እንደዳይረጋጋ ፋታ ማሳጣትና እርስ በርስ ማናከስ ነው፡፡
    6ኛ)የኢትዮጵያን መልካም ከሚፈልጉ ሀገሮች ጋር ቅርበት መፍጠርና የወያኔን ሰይጣናዊ አገዛዝ በየአጋጣሚው ሁሉ ሳይታክቱ ማጋለጥና ማስረዳት፡፡ለምሳሌ የወያኔ የዘረኝነት ፖሊሲው ለምስራቅ አፍሪካና ለተቀረው አፍሪካም ጭምር እጅግ አደገኛ መሆኑን ማስረዳት፡፡
    7ኛ)ከዚህ በኋላ በወያኔ አገዛዝ ላይ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍ አቤቱታ ምንም ትርጉም ስለሌለው ያን ያህል ለውጥ አያመጣም፡፡ስለዚህ ይህንን ማቆምና ሃይልን ቆጥቦ ለትክክለኛ የትግል ስልት ማዋል ያስፈልጋል፡፡ሰላማዊ ትግል ብቻ እያሉ አገዛዙን ፊት ለፊት በመጋፈጥ አላስፈላጊ መስዋእትነት መክፈል ጥቅም የለውም፡፡ከዚህ በኋላ ወያኔን እንደ ኢትዮጵያዊ መንግስት ማየት ከባድ ነው፡፡
    7ኛ)ኢትዮጵያውያን የሀገራቸውን ጉዳይ በሚመለከት ባገኙት አጋጣሚ ሁሉ መወያየትና መነጋገር፡፡ይህ ሲሆን ግን የወያኔ ሰላዮችንና ካድሬዎችን ጥንቃቄ በማድረግ መሆን አለበት፡፡

    ************************************************************
    First I would like to give some insight for the two words peace and reconciliation. As far as I understand the foundation or basic ingredient/fabric of every thing is truth. All concepts must have a very well defined/established a priori truth ground before they can be successfully and usefully realized. Without truth we can not move an inch in a meaningful and purposeful manner. Therefore peace and reconciliation must be based on truthful ground if it has to become meaningful, purposeful and useful. Otherwise it becomes a mere wishful thinking. In my view, in simple terms peace can be defined as absence of contradictions or compromise of contradictions. However, in a practical sense ,in today’s world of complicated real life, peace is usually more of compromise of contradictions rather than absence of contradiction. Contradictions can be of the type as mental or emotional or spiritual or physical or any of their combination. There are two types of peace. The first type of peace is positive peace and second type of peace is negative peace. Positive peace is the absence of all types of contradictions or compromise of all types of contradictions. Where as negative peace is the absence of physical contradictions. In short negative peace is the absence of physical war. However physical war is even usually the result of the escalation of other unsettled types of non-physical wars (mental. emotional, spiritual).The unfulfilled and/or contradictory psychological, mental, emotional, spiritual and material individual and/or collective needs of human beings can escalate to physical war. When we come to reconciliation/compromise, it can be successfully achieved if and only if it is possible to deeply and widely understand the inherent and/or temporary contradictions involved and also shed proper meaning and consciousness to those contradictions. Peace and reconciliation has to be also viewed from the perspective of cause and effect paradigm. Which one is the cause? Which one is the effect? To answer this vital question we must also bring the issue of contradiction. If there is no a priori existing contradiction then there is no any reason to raise the issue of reconciliation . And in the context of the main article it is at least implicit and at most explicit that there is existential contradiction in our country. The contradiction can be mental or emotional or spiritual or physical or any of their combination. Yes there are existential unfulfilled and/or contradictory psychological, mental, emotional, spiritual and material individual/collective needs of human beings. So in my view mainly reconciliation is the cause and peace is the consequential effect of a priori reconciliation. Well it may have the nature of some sort of “egg before hen” or “hen before egg” type of conundrum. However reconciliation as cause and peace as an effect outweighs more than the converse. However still, as I said it above, understanding and truth are very important even before reconciliation. You can not simply reconcile/compromise what you do not yet understand in depth and in width. First and for most shedding the light of proper meaning and consciousness to temporary and/or inherent contradictions and the degree/nature of contradictions is very important.Second giving recognition in due time for those contradictions is very vital. Then genuine reconciliation comes and then genuine positive peace follows. Even reconciliation has different natures. Reconciliation just merely for the sake of prompt reconciliations under different situational pressures is a compelled reconciliation which can not be reliable and sustainable. Real reconciliation results from providing proper meaning, consciousness and official recognition for exiting contradictions in due time and place. Because genuine reconciliation has the nature of justice based on truth.
    In today’s Ethiopia (including neighboring Eritrea) what actually exists is negative peace or the absence of physical war. And indeed negative peace can be as destructive as physical war. For me negative peace has the nature of passive-aggressive sentiment where as physical war has the nature of aggressive-aggressive sentiment. That is why unexpected physical wars sometimes explode after the escalation of a long time prelude of non-physical wars. Peace and war can also be interpreted from the point of view of opposing or contradictory factions/parties. What is deemed as peace for the abuser/oppressor/looter can be deemed as a war for the abused/oppressed/looted ones. In today’s world of global capitalism and its neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects war has evolved to become such a normalized modus-operandi as a profiteering business for the aggressors where as it is a nightmarish hell for the victims of aggression. Here war and peace are defined in a separate manner. The nature of peace and war can also be like war serving as temporary prelude for the forthcoming peace and peace as a temporary prelude for the forthcoming war. The very well-known saying of “order out of chaos” is a good example. Perpetual war, direct and indirect, against the majority world poor has been taken as a strategy for the eventual achievement of reliable peace for the very few. War and peace has become the savage and inhuman application of the fittest survives/natural selection of Darwinism evolutionary theory.
    When we come to our country for TPLF the definition of war and peace is also in similar a fashion. When TPLF/EPLF waged war on Derg, according to TPLF/EPLF it is defined as a just war for sake of peace. But today TPLF can not tolerate even the slightest dissent of unarmed oppositions and even kills, jails and harasses innocent civilians just only because of their political views. So war and peace is also defined based on your current position. TPLF is irresponsibly flexing its muscle against unarmed civilians so that they are desperately heading for the eventual inevitable armed struggle. TPLF is irresponsibly escalating the negative peace to eventually direct towards to physical war. Following the events after the recent election it is even possible to say with certainty that TPLF is pushing oppositions and dissenting and discontented Ethiopians to follow the direction of the remaining option of physical war. I mean that TPLF is waging war against any type of dissent. TPLF always expects consent/obedience of YES approval mentality from its subjects while avoiding at any cost those of NO disapproval dissent voices. If TPLF fails to allow others to say NO how comes they ever say Yes. It is human nature that if human beings are directly or indirectly deprived all the time the privilege of choice to say NO and are coerced to say YES all the time to disagreeable ideas or acts then they shall never ever say YES even to good things. When human beings are allowed to have the privilege of choice to sometimes say No even to good things which they deem as bad, then the other day they are indirectly voluntarily compelled to say yes even to bad things.
    Likewise citizens, if they want to achieve the freedom to say NO to their governments or rulers, they better develop the habit of saying YES rather than blindly driven saying NO if they want to secure their voice for future potential of saying NO. Rulers or governments usually want more of power and more of obedience and to the contrary subjects or citizens usually want more of freedom and more of protection. What is the middle ground to reconcile this polarization? The reconciliatory middle ground is to give proper meaning and consciousness to the nature/origin/reference of Governance. For me Governance is deeper and wider expressive concept than Democracy/Dictatorship/Capitalism/Socialism. If we study the history of humanity,the human dynamism can be restrained in a single straightjacket of Capitalism or Socialism or Darwinism or Secular-humanism or Materialism or …….
    For example Capitalism, even though it is to express the dominance of money-capital, it can not be fully realized or become viable without social basis. The same is true for socialism in that socialism can not be fully realized or become viable without money-capital. So a single -ism is only a temporary situational solution for the general humanity but not the ultimate all inclusive holistic solution. So for me genuine and long lasting reconciliation comes from understanding of the essence or nature of goverenance.
    What is the essence and original reference source of secular governance?
    1) The general history of humanity?
    2) Nature/creation and its inherent binding laws?
    3) Divine-governance of God?
    4) Or all of the above?
    In my view all of them are such vital original reference sources for successfully viable secular governance. Like divine-governance is endowed with inherent attributes/virtues (law, order, truth, love, justice, liberty, beauty) then secular governance has to be also endowed with similar attributes/virtues derived from divine-governance. However, in this sense the political realm has totally lost spiritual insight. We can not achieve genuine and sustainable reconciliation and peace if we loose track of this insight.
    War and peace is also defined based on the narrative of victim-vs-victimizer perspective. War and peace is not defined based on truth and justice. That is what I said as the deception of politics and the politics of deception. War is defined as peace, falsehood is defined as truth, and injustice is defined as justice and vice versa. How comes genuine reconciliation achieved in such world of the deception of politics and the politics of deception? While the previous regime (Derg) came to power it did not take a year for TPLF to immediately go to Dedebit jungle for fight against Derg. However, while TPLF is in power, even after 24 years racist, oppressive, looting totalitarian rule, TPLF has lost the slightest patience to tolerate the slightest opposing dissents. It is time to tell the truth that the 17 years old war was not in the first place initiated by Derg but it was rather by TPLF/EPLF. However, Derg is labeled as a warrior while TPLF/EPLF are labeled as peaceful. Almost all the narrative of victim-vs-victimizer perpetrated by TPLF/EPLF is absolute falsehood. Most of the northern Tigirigna speaking elites have a psychological and historical dilemma/loophole regarding Ethiopiawinet. Through time they have developed the pernicious propensity of treacherous behaviors against Ethiopia, Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians. The emergence of TPLF/EPLF, as a stooge of foreign powers, is the result of this psychological and historical dilemma. TPLF/EPLF are serving the neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects of Global capitalism.
    For the last 40 years and in continuum Ethiopia is bleeding because of this reality. As I have asserted it time and again the Ethiopia case is not only internal but also significantly externally influenced. The aggravated rivalry and hostility between the Amhara elites and Northern Tigray/Eritrean elites is the vital issue that needs serious attention if reconciliation and peace is sought. Foreign powers, in order to destabilize and disintegrate historical Ethiopia.have been maneuvering pivots around the three main ethnic lines/elites in Ethiopia. The Tigray/Eritrea, Amhara and Oromo ethnic elites/lines. It is divide and conquer/rule. As they do this type of pivot based on religion in Shiha-vs-Sunni in Middle-East.Of the three elites the rivalry/hostility between Tigray and Amhara elites has been agitated and has reached to the climax. TPLF/EPLF elites have made it a hidden policy since their inception in labeling Amhara as their number one existential enemy. Well not simply a paper tiger policy but has been practically implemented overtly/covertly and directly/indirectly for the last 24 years and in continuum.
    ወያኔና ሻእብያ በአማራው ህዝብ ላይ ያላቸውን ስር የሰደደ ጥላቻና ያነገቡትን አደገኛ ሴራ በትክክል ለመረዳት የፈለገ ሰው «የትግራይ ህዝብ ትግልና የትምክህተኞች ሴራ» የሚለውን መጽሀፍ ማንበብ ይችላል፡፡ይህንን መጽሀፍ ያነበበ ሰው ወያኔዎች አሁን በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ላለፉት 40 ዓመታትና አሁንም የሚያደርጉትን ህገ-አራዊት የአረመኔያዊ የዘረኝነት የቅጥረኝነትና የዝርፊያ አገዛዝ ስርአት በደንብ ለመረዳት ይችላል፡፡የራሳቸውን የሃውዚን ሆሎኮስት ትናንት በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ አቀነባብረው ደርግን የዘር ማጥፋት ብለው ሲወነጅሉ እንሱ ዛሬ በአማራው ላይና በሌላው ብሄር ላይ የሚተገብሩትን የዘር ማጥፋት ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ምክንያት እንዲሆናቸው በማቀድ ነው፡፡የአማራውን ገዥ መደብ ለትግራይ ህዝብ ድህነትና ኋላቀርነት ብቸኛ ተጠያቂ ሲያደርጉ እነሱ ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያን በጠራራ ፀሃይ እየዘረፉ ኢፈርት በተባለው የንግድ ኢምፓየራቸው ሀብት ለማከማቸትና በተቃራኒው የተቀረውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ወደ ድህነት አረንቋ ውስጥ ለመክተት ምክንያት እንዲሆናቸው በማቀድ ነው፡፡ኢትዮጵያ በምን አይነት የአገዛዝ ሃይሎች መዳፍ ስር እንደወደቀች መረዳት ይቻላል፡፡አገዛዙ በሌሎች በቃብር ላይ የራሴን ቤተ-መንግስት እመሰርታለሁ ብሎ ቆርጦ የተነሳ እጅግ ሲበዛ አደገኛና መሰሪ ሃይል ነው፡፡ይህንንም ለማሳካት ስልጣን ወይንም ሞት ብሎ በመነሳት እንኳንስ ምርጫ ማጭበርበርና ሰው ማሰር መግደል አይደለም ማንኛውንም ያዋጣኛል ያለውን ስልትና መንገድ እየተከተለ ያለ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ነው፡፡TPLF/EPLF do not simply advance such dangerous destructive policy without foreign influence and backing. After 24 years TPLF has claimed 100 percent victory. This is a good message for Ethiopians that TPLF shall never ever leave power by peaceful means. The very reason TPLF makes power such a life and death issue is deduced to the same reason that TPLF has such a life and death hidden agenda against Ethiopia, Ethiopians and Ethiopiawinet. How comes reconciliation and peace with such belligerent and barbaric satanic power. It is not a simple deal.
    እግዚአብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ ይጠብቅ!!!

  19. ግሩም
    | #19

    First I would like to give some insight for the two words peace and reconciliation. As far as I understand the foundation or basic ingredient/fabric of every thing is truth. All concepts must have a very well defined/established a priori truth ground before they can be successfully and usefully realized. Without truth we can not move an inch in a meaningful and purposeful manner. Therefore peace and reconciliation must be based on truthful ground if it has to become meaningful, purposeful and useful. Otherwise it becomes a mere wishful thinking. In my view, in simple terms peace can be defined as absence of contradictions or compromise of contradictions. However, in a practical sense ,in today’s world of complicated real life, peace is usually more of compromise of contradictions rather than absence of contradiction. Contradictions can be of the type as mental or emotional or spiritual or physical or any of their combination. There are two types of peace. The first type of peace is positive peace and second type of peace is negative peace. Positive peace is the absence of all types of contradictions or compromise of all types of contradictions. Where as negative peace is the absence of physical contradictions. In short negative peace is the absence of physical war. However physical war is even usually the result of the escalation of other unsettled types of non-physical wars (mental. emotional, spiritual).The unfulfilled and/or contradictory psychological, mental, emotional, spiritual and material individual and/or collective needs of human beings can escalate to physical war. When we come to reconciliation/compromise, it can be successfully achieved if and only if it is possible to deeply and widely understand the inherent and/or temporary contradictions involved and also shed proper meaning and consciousness to those contradictions. Peace and reconciliation has to be also viewed from the perspective of cause and effect paradigm. Which one is the cause? Which one is the effect? To answer this vital question we must also bring the issue of contradiction. If there is no a priori existing contradiction then there is no any reason to raise the issue of reconciliation . And in the context of the main article it is at least implicit and at most explicit that there is existential contradiction in our country. The contradiction can be mental or emotional or spiritual or physical or any of their combination. Yes there are existential unfulfilled and/or contradictory psychological, mental, emotional, spiritual and material individual/collective needs of human beings. So in my view mainly reconciliation is the cause and peace is the consequential effect of a priori reconciliation. Well it may have the nature of some sort of “egg before hen” or “hen before egg” type of conundrum. However reconciliation as cause and peace as an effect outweighs more than the converse. However still, as I said it above, understanding and truth are very important even before reconciliation. You can not simply reconcile/compromise what you do not yet understand in depth and in width. First and for most shedding the light of proper meaning and consciousness to temporary and/or inherent contradictions and the degree/nature of contradictions is very important.Second giving recognition in due time for those contradictions is very vital. Then genuine reconciliation comes and then genuine positive peace follows. Even reconciliation has different natures. Reconciliation just merely for the sake of prompt reconciliations under different situational pressures is a compelled reconciliation which can not be reliable and sustainable. Real reconciliation results from providing proper meaning, consciousness and official recognition for exiting contradictions in due time and place. Because genuine reconciliation has the nature of justice based on truth.
    In today’s Ethiopia (including neighboring Eritrea) what actually exists is negative peace or the absence of physical war. And indeed negative peace can be as destructive as physical war. For me negative peace has the nature of passive-aggressive sentiment where as physical war has the nature of aggressive-aggressive sentiment. That is why unexpected physical wars sometimes explode after the escalation of a long time prelude of non-physical wars. Peace and war can also be interpreted from the point of view of opposing or contradictory factions/parties. What is deemed as peace for the abuser/oppressor/looter can be deemed as a war for the abused/oppressed/looted ones. In today’s world of global capitalism and its neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects war has evolved to become such a normalized modus-operandi as a profiteering business for the aggressors where as it is a nightmarish hell for the victims of aggression. Here war and peace are defined in a separate manner. The nature of peace and war can also be like war serving as temporary prelude for the forthcoming peace and peace as a temporary prelude for the forthcoming war. The very well-known saying of “order out of chaos” is a good example. Perpetual war, direct and indirect, against the majority world poor has been taken as a strategy for the eventual achievement of reliable peace for the very few. War and peace has become the savage and inhuman application of the fittest survives/natural selection of Darwinism evolutionary theory.
    When we come to our country for TPLF the definition of war and peace is also in similar a fashion. When TPLF/EPLF waged war on Derg, according to TPLF/EPLF it is defined as a just war for sake of peace. But today TPLF can not tolerate even the slightest dissent of unarmed oppositions and even kills, jails and harasses innocent civilians just only because of their political views. So war and peace is also defined based on your current position. TPLF is irresponsibly flexing its muscle against unarmed civilians so that they are desperately heading for the eventual inevitable armed struggle. TPLF is irresponsibly escalating the negative peace to eventually direct towards to physical war. Following the events after the recent election it is even possible to say with certainty that TPLF is pushing oppositions and dissenting and discontented Ethiopians to follow the direction of the remaining option of physical war. I mean that TPLF is waging war against any type of dissent. TPLF always expects consent/obedience of YES approval mentality from its subjects while avoiding at any cost those of NO disapproval dissent voices. If TPLF fails to allow others to say NO how comes they ever say Yes. It is human nature that if human beings are directly or indirectly deprived all the time the privilege of choice to say NO and are coerced to say YES all the time to disagreeable ideas or acts then they shall never ever say YES even to good things. When human beings are allowed to have the privilege of choice to sometimes say No even to good things which they deem as bad, then the other day they are indirectly voluntarily compelled to say yes even to bad things.
    Likewise citizens, if they want to achieve the freedom to say NO to their governments or rulers, they better develop the habit of saying YES rather than blindly driven saying NO if they want to secure their voice for future potential of saying NO. Rulers or governments usually want more of power and more of obedience and to the contrary subjects or citizens usually want more of freedom and more of protection. What is the middle ground to reconcile this polarization? The reconciliatory middle ground is to give proper meaning and consciousness to the nature/origin/reference of Governance. For me Governance is deeper and wider expressive concept than Democracy/Dictatorship/Capitalism/Socialism. If we study the history of humanity,the human dynamism can be restrained in a single straightjacket of Capitalism or Socialism or Darwinism or Secular-humanism or Materialism or …….
    For example Capitalism, even though it is to express the dominance of money-capital, it can not be fully realized or become viable without social basis. The same is true for socialism in that socialism can not be fully realized or become viable without money-capital. So a single -ism is only a temporary situational solution for the general humanity but not the ultimate all inclusive holistic solution. So for me genuine and long lasting reconciliation comes from understanding of the essence or nature of goverenance.
    What is the essence and original reference source of secular governance?
    1) The general history of humanity?
    2) Nature/creation and its inherent binding laws?
    3) Divine-governance of God?
    4) Or all of the above?
    In my view all of them are such vital original reference sources for successfully viable secular governance. Like divine-governance is endowed with inherent attributes/virtues (law, order, truth, love, justice, liberty, beauty) then secular governance has to be also endowed with similar attributes/virtues derived from divine-governance. However, in this sense the political realm has totally lost spiritual insight. We can not achieve genuine and sustainable reconciliation and peace if we loose track of this insight.
    War and peace is also defined based on the narrative of victim-vs-victimizer perspective. War and peace is not defined based on truth and justice. That is what I said as the deception of politics and the politics of deception. War is defined as peace, falsehood is defined as truth, and injustice is defined as justice and vice versa. How comes genuine reconciliation achieved in such world of the deception of politics and the politics of deception? While the previous regime (Derg) came to power it did not take a year for TPLF to immediately go to Dedebit jungle for fight against Derg. However, while TPLF is in power, even after 24 years racist, oppressive, looting totalitarian rule, TPLF has lost the slightest patience to tolerate the slightest opposing dissents. It is time to tell the truth that the 17 years old war was not in the first place initiated by Derg but it was rather by TPLF/EPLF. However, Derg is labeled as a warrior while TPLF/EPLF are labeled as peaceful. Almost all the narrative of victim-vs-victimizer perpetrated by TPLF/EPLF is absolute falsehood. Most of the northern Tigirigna speaking elites have a psychological and historical dilemma/loophole regarding Ethiopiawinet. Through time they have developed the pernicious propensity of treacherous behaviors against Ethiopia, Ethiopiawinet and Ethiopians. The emergence of TPLF/EPLF, as a stooge of foreign powers, is the result of this psychological and historical dilemma. TPLF/EPLF are serving the neo-liberal and neo-colonialism imperialistic projects of Global capitalism.
    For the last 40 years and in continuum Ethiopia is bleeding because of this reality. As I have asserted it time and again the Ethiopia case is not only internal but also significantly externally influenced. The aggravated rivalry and hostility between the Amhara elites and Northern Tigray/Eritrean elites is the vital issue that needs serious attention if reconciliation and peace is sought. Foreign powers, in order to destabilize and disintegrate historical Ethiopia.have been maneuvering pivots around the three main ethnic lines/elites in Ethiopia. The Tigray/Eritrea, Amhara and Oromo ethnic elites/lines. It is divide and conquer/rule. As they do this type of pivot based on religion in Shiha-vs-Sunni in Middle-East.Of the three elites the rivalry/hostility between Tigray and Amhara elites has been agitated and has reached to the climax. TPLF/EPLF elites have made it a hidden policy since their inception in labeling Amhara as their number one existential enemy. Well not simply a paper tiger policy but has been practically implemented overtly/covertly and directly/indirectly for the last 24 years and in continuum.
    ወያኔና ሻእብያ በአማራው ህዝብ ላይ ያላቸውን ስር የሰደደ ጥላቻና ያነገቡትን አደገኛ ሴራ በትክክል ለመረዳት የፈለገ ሰው «የትግራይ ህዝብ ትግልና የትምክህተኞች ሴራ» የሚለውን መጽሀፍ ማንበብ ይችላል፡፡ይህንን መጽሀፍ ያነበበ ሰው ወያኔዎች አሁን በኢትዮጵያ ላይ ላለፉት 40 ዓመታትና አሁንም የሚያደርጉትን ህገ-አራዊት የአረመኔያዊ የዘረኝነት የቅጥረኝነትና የዝርፊያ አገዛዝ ስርአት በደንብ ለመረዳት ይችላል፡፡የራሳቸውን የሃውዚን ሆሎኮስት ትናንት በረቀቀና በተቀነባበረ መንገድ አቀነባብረው ደርግን የዘር ማጥፋት ብለው ሲወነጅሉ እንሱ ዛሬ በአማራው ላይና በሌላው ብሄር ላይ የሚተገብሩትን የዘር ማጥፋት ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ ምክንያት እንዲሆናቸው በማቀድ ነው፡፡የአማራውን ገዥ መደብ ለትግራይ ህዝብ ድህነትና ኋላቀርነት ብቸኛ ተጠያቂ ሲያደርጉ እነሱ ዛሬ ኢትዮጵያን በጠራራ ፀሃይ እየዘረፉ ኢፈርት በተባለው የንግድ ኢምፓየራቸው ሀብት ለማከማቸትና በተቃራኒው የተቀረውን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ወደ ድህነት አረንቋ ውስጥ ለመክተት ምክንያት እንዲሆናቸው በማቀድ ነው፡፡ኢትዮጵያ በምን አይነት የአገዛዝ ሃይሎች መዳፍ ስር እንደወደቀች መረዳት ይቻላል፡፡አገዛዙ በሌሎች በቃብር ላይ የራሴን ቤተ-መንግስት እመሰርታለሁ ብሎ ቆርጦ የተነሳ እጅግ ሲበዛ አደገኛና መሰሪ ሃይል ነው፡፡ይህንንም ለማሳካት ስልጣን ወይንም ሞት ብሎ በመነሳት እንኳንስ ምርጫ ማጭበርበርና ሰው ማሰር መግደል አይደለም ማንኛውንም ያዋጣኛል ያለውን ስልትና መንገድ እየተከተለ ያለ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ነው፡፡TPLF/EPLF do not simply advance such dangerous destructive policy without foreign influence and backing. After 24 years TPLF has claimed 100 percent victory. This is a good message for Ethiopians that TPLF shall never ever leave power by peaceful means. The very reason TPLF makes power such a life and death issue is deduced to the same reason that TPLF has such a life and death hidden agenda against Ethiopia, Ethiopians and Ethiopiawinet. How comes reconciliation and peace with such belligerent and barbaric satanic power. It is not a simple deal.

    እግዚአብሄር ኢትዮጵያን ይባርክ ይጠብቅ!!!

Comments are closed.