The True Ethiopiawinet We Never Knew Zelalem Eshete, Ph.D.

October 5th, 2015 Print Print Email Email

Let’s get to the bottom of this. Make a distinction first: ETHIOPIAWINET is a concept we already know. TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET is what we never knew. The DNA of TRUE ETHIPIAWINET is the inherent incessant drive to actualize equality among all ethnic groups in real life that goes beyond mere talk. The reason for such drive is not so that we may become Ethiopians, but because we already are Ethiopians.

When the various masks that were put on us by the leaderships of the ages from ancient time till the present time are taken off, the beauty of TRUE ETHIPIAWINET we never knew will be revealed. The task at hand is not to redefine or reinvent our identity in one form or another, but to be known as we truly are. How can this be? To that end, we need to take a closer look at the dynamics of power.

Who has power in Ethiopia at the present time? It is not the people. It is neither the government nor the opposition. The real power at the present time is concealed and not manifest. Though the real power is with the people, the power is just latent power. True the government projects apparent power using the political and military machinery, but in reality the real power of the people remains hidden.

It had been the case with Ethiopia in the past as well. The people’s power had been always latent – until it is activated from time to time to bring changes in governments. These governments that happen to be bestowed with the favor of the people keep failing to seize the opportunity they find at such historic times to show their faithfulness to the cause of the people. They haven’t made the power dynamics to move from simple activation to a state of unleashed power to bring about durable peace.

At this moment in time, the government seems to be comfortable so long that it exercises its apparent power and maintains the status quo. The opposition seems to be focused in finding ways to activate the latent power of the people to turn the table against the government and get a day at the helm of the apparent power. So the question is why are we doing this to ourselves time and time again to short circuit the potential of the power of the people to simply cause transfer of power from one leadership to another, and nothing more? How can we break this cycle and refrain from hijacking the power of the people from fulfilling its own destiny?

Power is in the hands of the one who is able to make things happen for the long haul. Such latent power that lies with the people can only be activated by an idea. When leaders come along to hear the ideas of the people that resonate with the people, then the latent power is activated, and when this happens no one can stand to resist the wish of the people. However, to this date, no leader seems to be awakened to champion the ultimate idea that is inherently burning in the hearts of the people.

The past kings including the Derg regime had run the course of history by espousing ETHIOPIAWINET. Presently EPRDF is writing its own history by discrediting the prior governments and introducing the NEW OR NO ETHIOPIA. The former majored in Amharanization of the Ethiopian people towards a reconstruction of homogenous unity. The latter swings the pendulum to the other extreme and majors in ethno centric deconstruction with uneven playing field. The first wanted to glue together the whole by force and assimilation, while the second is not making gluing the whole together a priority. The first is into single nation building by force or assimilation; the second is into multiple nations building by force or labeling.

The first is based on proactive approach using a self-serving means to an end. The second is based on reactive approach towards the first one using a self-serving means to a different end. But both ends are dictated by the ruling elites from top to down. On the other hand, a look at “from the bottom up” approach, one can easily imagine that what the people aspire is to move towards purpose driven organically glued oneness that comes out of embraced and nurtured differences within the framework of equality.

The government is focused in putting all its energy in remaining at the top of the political power chain at all cost instead of creating empowering forums for the people to reflect on building shared social capital starting at grassroots level. The opposition, on the other hand, is putting all its energy into expedient means to unseat the government with no long-term strategic paradigms such as this one that could have had a bigger dividend for the good of the country. Both know the potency of the latent power of the people and thus are trying to get the people on their side towards their respective ends by playing a political game. And democracy is the name of the game for now.

The people are waiting for awakened leaders that identify with the people’s grand idea. The people’s idea of TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET trumps the past flagship of ETHIOPIAWINET or the present philosophy of the NEW OR NO ETHIOPIA, as we know it. That is to say, there is a power vacuum in Ethiopia today due to neglect of the people’s idea of TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET that can not only activate but also unleash the latent power of the people to bring lasting peace and stable development.

The TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET that resonates with every Ethiopian addresses the basic ontological needs of every ethnic group to treasure their respective individual culture and identity as equal. It doesn’t stop there, but goes on to ensure that every ethnic group shares equitable access to the scarce commodity of political and economical resources. These values are not just framed on paper but are reflected in everyday actions on the ground. Due to this fact, the momentum it generates in turn creates a conscious effort that is equally treasured among all to use the shared vision to become the glue that binds all together organically. As a result of this dynamics, each naturally gravitates to evolve from its respective ethnic identification to the greater identity of mutually cultivated identity of TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET.

This is done with the end in mind, and thus it invokes TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET upfront as a galvanizing default point while at the same time towards which the journey begins.

The people’s idea can optimize whatever is on the ground using the cards history already dealt it. Therefore, it doesn’t need to dismantle the NEW OR NO ETHIOPIA of the present altogether or attempt to just attack and nullify the ETHIOPIAWINET of the past. Instead, it engages constructively with these obsolete ideas to avert the drifting apart of the people of Ethiopia.

The transformation of this intractable conflict is realized by introducing sustained dialogue as the cornerstone of its strategy. What makes the journey difficult is the fact that our history has been all violence and no dialogue. It is going to be a new territory for us as we venture with this idea of non-violent conflict transformation endeavors.

It has been said that the Americans formed a government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Well, it is our destiny to collectively build TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET that is by all, of all, and for all in the order of One Family Under God.

The fact of the matter is TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET is not a new idea; it had been in the hearts of the people all along. The awakened leaders’ call is not to invent a new idea, but discover the true idea of the people that is known by all but hidden under an avalanche of political calculations of our leaders of all times.

Take a note that the people’s idea is not simply about changing governments. It is not about having the system of forming government the American way or forming an American approved government. It doesn’t make sense talking about democracy and elections at the expense of addressing TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET. It is a grave mistake to find our identity as a people being treated as an after thought. We should have talked about democracy and elections while putting the TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET idea as a centering ideology of everything else.

What we need is not just a political change, but also a societal level structural change. It is meaningless to talk about the system of government of the people, by the people, for the people without first prioritizing who we are as a people to take its rightful place as the most important agenda.

The political tension between ETHIOPIAWINET of the past and the NEW OR NO ETHIOPIA of the present may be replaced by the third way when the awakened leaders stand in unity on the basis of the people’s idea of TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET and be open for dialogue.

I invite the school of ETHIOPIAWINET to rethink its idolization of the ETHIOPIAWINET of the past by acknowledging its unwholesome construction and refrain from an effort to position it as a finished product in our possession. I also invite the school of NEW OR NO ETHIOPIA to rethink its failing to start with TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET as our default position to begin with, for no one can realize something that is not envisioned in the first place.

The debate between the government and opposition as to the development of the country is irrelevant in view of the big picture. One argues Ethiopia is developing and the other one refutes the claim. At least for the sake of argument, let the opposition agree that Ethiopia is developing; therefore, now we can ask this: but what about the foundation over which we are building? Unless we get started with constructive dialogue to make the Ethiopian Family bedrock through consensus building by involving all, whatever we are building would look like house of cards that may disappear at the time of crisis. Never think the horror we hear elsewhere cannot happen to us. No one is any better than another – we all are the same humanity.

The third way has a potential to change all that. It focuses not only activating but also unleashing the latent power of the people as never seen before which in turn can pave the way for us to experience TRUE ETHIOPIAWINET, the way we were meant to experience it from the beginning of time when destiny brought us together to call THAT place – Ethiopia – our home.

There is God.
Dr. Zelalem may be reached at

  1. Dawi
    | #1

    Ethiopian engaging in building the Renaissance Dam, the signage of the recent Oil Pipe line through Djibouti with the support the government garnered from the region 5 population is an indication of having a system that more or less accommodating diversity. In other words,the present federalism has created an environment to engage on the economic field.

    The above is to make a point as opposed to back in 1991 where over 16 armed ethnic based movements were roaming around the country.

    At present we can’t deny there is a relative piece. Today the people of Ethiopia are rebuilding their country. That is what is called “the Ethiopian renaissance”. It’s the building of Ethiopia or the rebuilding of Ethiopia on a “new basis”. So what is wrong in calling it new?

    It is a joint project considered very equitable according to the Gini coefficient. Ethiopia has one of the lowest in Africa.

    As the Zemedkun of Ernest and Young pointed out, having one the lowest gini coefficient shows people are contributing and benefiting on an equitable basis and that makes this joint project of a nation building something that everybody supports and is contributing to its consolidation and bound to make it an economic power house of Africa.

    Such activities shall bring “TRUE ETHIOPIAWINETt” down the line.

  2. Alem
    | #2

    Dear Abugida,
    The comments below are my response to Dr. Zelalem’s article. I keep getting the statement that my comments are duplicate before I posted them! Something is wrong.
    Zelalem works in broad strokes. The problem with that approach is failure to attend to details at the same time be consistent. Distinction between “Ethiopiawinet” and “True Ethiopiawinet” is a false dichotomy. One is Ethiopiawi or not Ethiopiawi. Because Zelalem started off on the wrong foot he cannot help but continue down a slippery slop and declare “Amharanization” as the culprit. In so doing he echoes the new culture of talking in dark tones without evidence whatsoever. The Monarchy [Tewodros, Yohannes, Menelik, and Haileselassie] rooted their existence, not in ethnicity per se [Amhara/Tigre] but in divine election [that is, in Solomonic dynasty] under-girded by Orthodox Christianity. Derg and the revolutionaries [Eprp, Meison, Tplf, Olf, etc] worked to center power not in divinity but in the god of “historical determinism” in the “masses” and a “vanguard” party [of course them; each would not agree others have equal share in the new arrangement IF THEY DID NOT FORFEIT THEIR RIGHTS TO DISAGREE. Sound familiar?]. May be Zelalem failed to read that Derg/revolutionaries gave due recognition to ethnic groups and indeed established an institute for the study of such groups [which present rulers put to effective use]! You need to stop listening to the blabber that Derg was Amhara; Derg cared about holding to power and Workers’ Party became largely the means to achieve that end. Present rulers are essentially extensions of that mindset [same revolutionary generation]. I hope you’ve heard that governance at present is “collective” and that the ruling party alone knows! Zelalem to his credit has acknowledged the latter to be true.

    An argument could be made that “ethnicity” is simply a divide-and-rule strategy. Look closer and you will discover a new “class” has emerged; a class of corrupt, unaccountable, and privileged few. Zelalem needs to read some history [begin with Professor Bahru Zewde's A History of Modern Ethiopia].

    Zelalem declares neither the ruling party nor the people have power [only latent]. He says “true” power is hid from both groups [apparently he seems to know where it is hid but not being explicit about it]. A good place to start is to tell us what power actually means and how it is exercised!

    Zelalem talked about “equality” [actualizing and framing it]. May be he meant “fairness.” Equality as “everything is of equal value” is false and unattainable. That is what Derg tried to do but failed. A population size of 30 million cannot be “equal” with those of 5 or so million in how it votes with its money or exercises its constitutional rights. Hence, why the ruling party would not allow “free and fair” elections! Hence the preposterous result of a 100% win in 2015! Equality before the law is another matter; even then you don’t see such “equality” applied to the powerful and robbers of state treasury!

    I say we focus on “fairness” in the way bids are conducted and against “economic racism.” I say we focus on alleviating poverty and attend to education quality. There is a glimmer of hope in the way matters are handled even now. The ruling party needs to work hard on deserving public trust [almost non-existent for those not attached to it]. One way to gain trust and show equality before the law exists is to remove corrupt party leaders, recoup money they stole and put them behind bars. This is the minimum expected of rulers now in power.

  3. Ephrem from SF
    | #3

    Prime Minster Hailemariam Desalegn is a true Ethiopian hero that prooved to the world that Ethiopian Lives Matter !!

    First thing he did after being reelected was suspending all food exports to the Middle East. He had shown who he is siding with by suspending all food exports including khat and coffee to save the lives of the famine victims in Ethiopia right after he got re-elected. He definitely got his priorities straight.

    Minster for Information Redwan Hussein told reporters at a recent press conference that Ethiopia is doing what it can without jeopardizing other project’s budgets. He said “the illuminati is stalling the support from donor agencies, aid has not yet arrived in time to let us cope with the increasing number of the needy population,” .

    Ethiopia’s government has mobilized $33 million dollars (30 million euros) in emergency aid for the people that are on the verge of dieing from starvation which is not even close to save the lives, that is why the Prime Minster Hailemariam’s government also ordered the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) to suspend all food exports destined to Middle East. The Minster Of Communications also stressed that the main reason behind this famine is not rain , the reason is Ethiopians food is being sold to Arabs for higher price than what the Ethiopian people can afford to pay competing with wealthy Arab nations , it is not forgotten that these Ara nations raped , robbed , murdered and disabled millions of young Ethiopians in the past decade..

  4. Kadir
    | #4

    This guy Zelalem Eshete (Ph.D.)is one of the apologists of the ethnical fascist regime of the Tigray People`s Liberation Front (TPLF). The TPLF has degraded and reduced Ethiopiawinet to the supreamcy of its own Ethnic Group (Tigraway). With the exception of some servants of the TPLF that are hand picked from the other ethnic Groups, political and economic Power are concentrated in the hands of the Tigraways (TPLF). The rest of us are denied basic rights and live as second and third class citizens in Ethiopia. We are condemned to dehumanization and grinding poverty while the TPLF leaders and their affliated are enjoying unlimited power and wealth. The TPLF guys do not have any national vision or agenda, other than looting the country`s Resources The famine that is endagering the lives of tens of millions of Ethiopians is unfolding while the TPLF leadership is feasting and celebrating the continuation of their power. The now old hollow and false propaganda of `Nile Dam` and Growth and `Transformation PLan` and the new one like the Pipeline from Djibouti do not help the fascist regime to hide the great famine and poverty in Ethiopia. The frist Growth and `Transformation Plan`has produced 10 million hungry Ethiopians and the second is expected to double or triple this number. In the end the TPLF leaders and their associates will face justice for crimes against humanity because they are responsible for the losses of lives due to the famine.

  5. Bonsa
    | #5

    The TPLF cadre using the alias `Dawi` is trying in vain to cover up the pillage of the TPLF and very high economic disparity the policies of the TPLF has created in Ethiopia. The gap between the TPLF super rich and the poor is widening at an alrming rate. The TPLF economic policy is discriminatory and excludes the others.The GNI he refers to does not address this growing disparity partly because it is based on the false and exaggerated Growth figures of the TPLF. The recent UNDP reports show that the intensity of poverty is increasing in Ethiopia.

  6. aha!
    | #6

    With due regard to your well articulated article and touching on central points of contentions in Ethiopia today, I would like to comment on your theisis/argumentative position statement. That is “The past kings including the Derg regime had run the course of history by espousing “Ethiopiawinet”/(Ethiopian Nationalism). Presently “EPRDF”/ (TPLF/eprdf) regime is writing its own history by discrediting the prior governments and introducing the “New OR NO ETHIOPIA”/(Ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism supported by crony capitalism of TPLF/Political, TPLF/EFFORT, TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations particularly in terms of land lease).

    Since classification/categorization is one form of reasoning to make distinctions between competing ideas, the logical classification falls under Ethiopian Nationalism and ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism, I have interjected these ideologies into your argumentative position statements to highlight that the confrontations in Ethiopian politics is between the two ideologies, rather tha between Ethiopiawinet as fostered by the previous regimes and “True Ethiopiawinet” and “New OR NO Ethiopia” as you stipulated, unless you ascribe the “New OR NO Ethiopia” to represent the current ideologies of ethnic federalism,… of dividing Ethiopian land mass by languages, which set the precedence for ethnic secessionism, future boundary conflicts, ethnic cleansing and human trafficking to the Middle East.

    If that is not the case, I do not see how your argumentative position stipulated above aimed at resolving the political, economic, humanitarian crises perpetrated on the silent majority of Ethiopians, who subscribe to Ethiopiawinet/Ethiopian Nationalism of Ethiopia as a one nation state with multi-ethnic groups residing in the original provinces of assorted ethnic groups in each province and living harmoniously for centuries, which are subject to the ideologies of ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism supported by crony capitalism by TPLF/Political ….., that denies the silent majority of Ethiopians free market capitalism at least in terms of private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia and individual freedom, liberty and equality to supecede ethnic and secessionist rights and enable ethnic groups to develop their languages and cultures in hyperspace and to develop the natural and human resources along ecological regions to by pass the prevalent conditions/ideologies stipulated above.

    Therfore while in part with you about the concept of Ethiopiawinet, I do not see your argumentative position based on your three way classification of “Ethiopiawinet pursued by the previous regimes, the “True Ethiopiawinet” and the New or NO Ethiopia” pursued by the TPLF/eprdf regime may contribute to pragmatic solution to the political economic, humanitarian and environmental crises perpetrated by the TPLF/eprdf regime under the current ideologies built into the constitution as the main operating system with derived laws of anti-terrorism subjecting political dissenters, journalists and peaceful protesters to incarcerations in tens of thousands in the last 24 years.

  7. Amanu
    | #7

    The writer of the piece has been detested and isolated even by his own kins due to his pro-TPLF views and opinions. It is known that he is pursuing his pro-TPLF propaganda not out of conviction but for the sake of benefits. He undserestimates the intelligence of the Readers and is trying in vain to tell us that the TPLF is discovering and reinventing Ethiopiawinet. He is shamelessly telling us that the Apartheid system of the TPLF is the newly discovered and reinvted Ethiopiawinet. All the guys including this writer who are on the pay list of the TPLF are devid of any rationlity and moarlity. Ethiopiawinet is the main enemy and target of the TPLF ethnic junta. The Apartheid system of the TPLF is based on dsicrimination, marginalization, ethnic supreamcy and oppression. The Ethiopiawinet Ethiopians struggle for will do away with aprtheid, enshrine and ensure the equality of all and rule of Law in the country.

  8. tazabi
    | #8

    It is good writing about your country; but try to do it in your own language,
    then we can read you and may be agree with you.

    If you have problem with amharic, may be a new software will help you; it has done marvels for me:

    With all due respect, write in English only if you are addressing the whole world.

  9. Anon
    | #9

    Dear Abugida,
    This article was posted on 5 October. It has had 11 comments as I write. Only 1 was published with 10 outstanding. I realize managing the website may not be your day job. But that does not mean you are not accountable for the way you manage it. So you gain the trust of your readers you need to facilitate on timely basis discussants opinion.

  10. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #10

    ኣይተ/ወይዘሮ Kadir-# 4,

    “The TPLF has degraded and reduced Ethiopiawinet to the supreamcy of its own Ethnic Group (Tigraway). With the exception of some servants of the TPLF that are hand picked from the other ethnic Groups, political and economic Power are concentrated in the hands of the Tigraways (TPLF).”

    መሌሊታዊው የህወሓት ክንፍ ከ40 ዓመታት ጀምሮ የቅምያና የዝርፍያ ቁንጮ ለመሆኑ ተግባራቶቹ ይመሰክራሉ:: ቀምተውና በድለውም የማይጠግቡ ጥርቅሞችም ናቸው:: ከዚህም መአት የምንገላገልበት ቀን ያምጣልን:: ግን ትግራዋይነት ብቻ ነው ኢትዮጵያዊነት ወደሚል አይነት ነገር ለመንደርደር መነሳት ግን ጭልጥ ያለ ተራ የስም ማጥፋት ነው! ከዚህም በላይ ደግሞ የ”ትግራዋይ” ብዙሃንነት(plural) “ተጋሩ” ለመሆኑ ልንጦቅም እንወዳለን! ሌሎቹም ቢሆኑ በዚሁ ስማችን ቢጠሩን እንወዳለን:: የለም ለማንቛሸሽ በሚያመቸን መንገድ ነው የምንጠራችሁ ብለው በነጋቲቭዝም መንፈስ ላይ ብቻ ሙጭጭ ካሉ ግን አንፈልገውም እንጂ የማይገቡ ቃላትማ ስንቱው ሞልተው:: አደራችሁን “ስጋያ አድጊስ ናብ ጣውላ እንተበልዋስ ናብ ምድሪ” እየሆንን ዘላለማችንን ባለንበት አንርገጥ! Unity in Diversity!

  11. Dawi
    | #11

    Alem said:

    [[..I say we focus on “fairness” in the way bids are conducted and against “economic racism.” ..]]

    These “economic racism” ? Which “race” are you talking about?

    I would just take it as “ethnic” but, even that is contentious because chances are the cases are, if anything bids favoring party loyalist or those who are close to it.

    One shouldn’t expect the government helping anti “developmental state” capitalists. Should we? Knowing for sure that they lean towards opposition that want to overthrow it? I think not.

    I recall one issue with Ethiopian Amalgamated Limited a long time ego for example. That one looked like ethnic but, it was more the state wanting to control import/export. Gebreyes the proprietor, an Oromo who was a neo-liberal capitalist didn’t want to bend to EPRDF then [or today for that matter] as opposed say to Alamoudi? Therefore he ended up in exile, probably robbed of his assets living here in the US. He has a case in Haig Court as we speak.

    BTW, I consider Meles’s TPLF/EFFORT is used as part of his state vehicle regardless of its name but, I understand you disagree with that.

  12. Tegadlit Adhanoum
    | #12

    Is this piece posted by Bereket Simon a Minister of Propagandas and Public Guidance for EPRDF? It is like a routine comedy by late Meles Zenawi,which becomes like a roadside show. Ethiopians must be awoke against this TPLF predators for hand-to-hand combat. Cheers

  13. Dawi
    | #13


    I disagree.

    MLLT used Marxism-Leninism not as a dogma which makes it qualitatively different from the Ethiopian student movement days.

    They used ML as a rigorous method of assembling data and argument that applied to the realities of Ethiopia through the armed struggle and development.

    [[ቁንጮ ለመሆኑ ተግባራቶቹ ይመሰክራሉ]]

    That is right – Meles’s ‘African Development: Dead Ends and New Beginnings’, was the blueprint for a ‘democratic developmental state’.

    With all its draw backs however, ML made TPLF/EPRDF NONE run of the mill liberation movements in Africa. Without it, the best it would have ended up being was, today’s EPLF.

  14. Fayissa
    | #14

    To Dawi and comrades in pillage.
    Fairness and rationality are very scarce commodities in the world of the TPLF and its greedy and blind followers and supprters. The late fascist leader of the TPLF aite Meles Zenawi has copied the so called `Developmental State from his former EPLF bosses who idealized Singapore as their Development model. Singapore is one of the successful developmental states and its Citizens enjoy Equal rights and discrimination is non-existent in the country. The late Zenawi himself had admired his former boss Isaias Afewerki. He reportedly said that an hours`s dsicussion with Afewerki is more enlighetning than going to a University in Ethiopia. Dawi and Co. are boring us Ethiopians With this stolen idea and try to promote it as something New.

  15. Dawi
    | #15


    I like to add to your serious issue of “ethnic discrimination” and other corruptions that should be brought to justice when they occur. HD said in his recent interview that in order to win a corruption case in court, the party making the charge of the wrongdoing must meet a burden of proof; a reasonable doubt to convict the official etc. and he encouraged for journalists and the general public to do that as it is its responsibility. Who disagrees with that?

    As far as past and present contract “bids” are concerned it helps to understand that EPRDF is trying to emulate developmental states like South Korea. Its major industrial programs began early 1960s; Park used the chaebol as a means towards economic growth. Exports were encouraged, performance quotas were established. Government-chaebol cooperation was essential to the subsequent economic growth of the country. The chaebol were able to grow because of two factors—foreign loans and special favors.

    EPRDF’s “chaebol” are METEC/EFFORT/Tiret/ Ale Jimla and others to name a few. We need to understand the concrete condition of how EPRDF came about to discern its impact in the country’s ethnic diversity.

    Here is what is interesting about South Korea and what is likely to happen to those who emulate it. :)

    By the 1990s, South Korea was one of the largest NICs, ‘newly Industrialized countries’ and boasted a standard of living comparable to industrialized countries.

    *Asian financial crisis in 1997 that the weaknesses of the system were widely understood. Of the 30 largest chaebol, 11 collapsed between July 1997 and June 1999.

    *Investigations also exposed widespread corruption in the chaebol, particularly fraudulent accounting and bribery.

    *Despite this, South Korea recovered quickly from the crisis, and most of blame for the economic problems was shifted to the IMF. Of the 30 largest chaebol, 11 collapsed between July 1997 and June 1999.

    *The remaining chaebol have grown substantially since the crisis, but they have maintained far lower debt levels.

    *As of 2014, the largest chaebol, Samsung, comprised about 17% of the South Korean economy, and held roughly US$17 billion in cash

  16. Apocalypse
    | #16

    I think the writer has presented and interesting perspective. He is thinking out of the box and he is thinking for himself. I think we need more people like him. The existing reality when Tewodros came onto the northern Ethiopian scene was quite different to what had preceded him. What (the new Ethiopia) Tewodros tried to introduce into the north Ethiopian political landscape was more radical than what the present day ruling elite in Ethiopia are trying to do. If there was an internet many who decry the current ruling elite for rocking their paradigm would have been up in arms against Tewodros also. They are not defending Ethiopia per say, but the paradigm that is passed on to them by their parents, which they perceive to be the ultimate truth. They ignore the fact that other communities in Ethiopia have received from their parents different paradigms. “And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea” Rev 13:1.

  17. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #17

    “Provide a LINK MENUE on the left side

    but still we prefer to use his website, why???????
    1. it is the most frequently updated website among ethiopian sites”


  18. Hailegabriel
    | #18

    The writer of the piece Zelalem Eshete is pro-TPLF and has been peddling the woyanne propaganda. Historically, Ethiopia is one of the ancient or oldest countries in the world and so is Ethiopiawinet (Ethiopianess). Actually,the late TPLF supreme leader had ridiculed this ancient idnenity and history and ssociated Ethiopiawinet with Amharas and chauvenism. The woyannes and their greedy followers like Zelalem Eshete are recyling the same anti-Ethiopian and anti-Ethiapiawinet narrative of the late TPLF leader. The woyannes and their allies can deny and ridicule Ethiopiawinet but can not impose ons their wills.

  19. እያንዳንዱ ለሁሉም ሁሉም ለአንድ ኢትዮፒያ
    | #19

    ጸሃፊው ስለ እውነተኛ እትዮፒያዊነት ተወደደም ተጠላም ያለፉት አባቶች የንጉሶቹ ዘመን ምን እንደሆነ አስረክበው አልፈዋል አዎ የዘር ልሂቃኖች ያለፉት የንጉሶቹ ዘመን የአማራነው አማራ ወሮን ነው የአማራ ባህል ተጭኖብን ነው በማለት ኢትዮፒያዊ ለመሆናቸው ተጠያቂው የአማራ ማህበረሰብ ስለሆነ በዋናነት አማራውን እና ኦርቶዶክሱን ካጠፋን ኢትዮፒያን ተከፋፍለን ለዘሮቻችን ነጻነት ህለና እናስጠብቃለን በሚል የኢትዮፒያን ያለፉትን ታሪኮች አጥፍተን የራሳችንን እንጽፋለን በማለት እየተደረገ ያለ የ25 አመት ኢትዮፒያን ለማፍረስ አንድ ላይ የሚሰራ የህወሃት ኢሃድግ ሰረአት ነው ችግሩ ኢትዮፒያን ለማፍረስ ህዝቡን ማጥፋት አለብን ብለው መነሳታቸው ነው ምክንያቱም ኢትዮፒያዊነት ውርስ እንጂ ስጦታ አይደለም ኢትዮፒያ እንደ ማንኛውም በአለም ላይ ያሉ አገሮች እንደ አገር ስትቆም እና ስትቃቃም ህዝቦቻ የራሳቸው አስተዋጾ አላቸው ስለዝህ አንዱ አንዱን ሲፈልግ አንዱ አንዱን ለመግዛት ወይም ለመጠቅለል ያደረጉት ሂደት የተጠናከረች ኢትዮፒያን እንደ አገር በማቃቃም በአለማችን የጥንት አገር ተብላም ትጠራለች አንዳን የዘር ልሂቃኖች ሰሚን ያለውና ደቡብ ያለው ታሪኩ አንድ አይደለም በማለት አሁን ባለንበት ዘመን ኢትዮፒያኖች አደለንም ለማለት ልዩነታቸውን በዚህ ለመግለጽ ሲሞክሩ ሰምተናል ጎበዝ አለም እየሰለጠነች ስትሂድ አስተሳሰባችን እየሰለጠነ የማይሂደው ወድሃላ የምንሂደው ኢትዮፒያ ውስጥ በዘር ልሂቃንነት ፖለቲካ መጠቀሚያ የሚሰሩ ሃይሎች ብቻ መሆናቸው ያሳዝናል አንድ ታሪክ የሚፈጠረው አንድ ቦታ ነው በርግጥ ነው ኢትዮፒያ የምትባለው አገር ስትገኝ መታወቂያዋ በአክሱም ነው ያ ማለት አሁን ባለንበት ዘመን አክሱም ያለው ትግራይ ውስጥ ስለሆነ የአማራ ታሪክ አይደለም የኦሮሞ ታሪክ አይደለም የደቡብ ታሪክ አይደለም ማለት አይቻልም ኢትዮፒያ እየተስፋፋች ወደ ላሊበላ እያለች ወደ ሸዋ በማደግ በፈረጆች 1270 የሸዋ ንጉሰ ነገስት መንግስት አቃቁማ የኢትዮፒያ አውራጃዎች በንጉስ ስራት ውስጥ እንደሚተዳደሩ ታሪክቻቸው ይመሰክራል እነኝህ ንጉሶች አዎ ኦርቶዶክስን ክርስትና ሃይማኖት የተቀበሉ ስለነበር በኢትዮፒያ ያሉ አውራጃዎች ሁሉ ኦርቶዶክስን እንዲቀበሉ በማድረግ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋህዶ ተስፋፍቶ ኢትዮፒያኖች በክርስትና እምነታቸው በአለም እንዲታወቁም አድርጎአቸዋል ተወደደም ተጠላም ኢትዮፒያ የክርስቲያን አገር እንደነበረች ሙስሊሙ እራሱ ከነ ታሪካ ይመሰክራል አረቦች እራሳቸው የአበሻ የክርስቲያን ንጉስ በማለት እስልምና ተከታዮችን የአስጠጋ ብለው ዛሪ ኢትዮፒያን የአበሻ አገር ብለው ያስታውሳታል ይህ ታሪካችን ነው አይጠፋም ያ ማለት የኢትዮፒያ ንጉሶች እስልምናን የተቀበሉ ቢሆን በአገራቸው እስልምና እንዲስፋፋ ያደርጉ ነበር በዘመኑ ሃይማኖት ከአገር መገባት ጋራ ትልቅ ሚና ነበረው በኢትዮፒያ ብቻ አይደለም ይህ ታሪክ ነው መቺም አይጠፋም ስለዚህ ኢትዮፒያ በንጉሶች ዘመን የኦርቶዶክስ ሃይማኖት ተከታይ አገር ሆና ብዙ ታሪኮችንም እስካሁን ላለንበት ዘመን አስረክበዋል ለምሳሊ መስቀል የመስቀል በአል በአገራችን የሰሚን ብቻ ሳይሆን የደቡብ ህዝብም ያከብረዋል የምስራቁም የመራቡም ስለዚህ በኢትዮፒያ በጥንት በንጉሶች ስረአት አጺ መስቀክል እየተባለ ይከበር ነበር በአገራችን ታዲያ የንጉስ ስረአትን እና የኦርቶዶክስ ሃይማኖትን ወደ ኢትዮፒያ ያስፋፉት ሚሊሊክ ናቸው ያለው ማነው ኢትዮፒያ 100 አመት ያላት በምን ምክንያት ነው ? ታሪክ ትሪክ ነውና ለምሳሊ ግራኝ መሃመድ ኢትዮፒያን የሙስሊም አገር አደርጋለው ብሎ በተነሳበት ዘመን የሸዋ ንጉሰ ነገስት መንግስትን አፈርሳለው ብሎ እንደተነሳ ግልጽ ነው በዚህ ዘመን ክርስቲያኖች በኢትዮፒያ እንደ ተጨፈጨፉ እና አብያተ ቢተክርስቲያኖች እንደ ተቃጠሉ ይነገራል በዚህ ጦርነት የሸዋ ንጉሰ ነገስት መንግስትም እንደፈረሰ ይነገራል በዚህ ጦርነት ጋላዎች ክርስቲያኑን በማረድ በመቁረት ሲጨፈጭፋቸው ክርስቲያኑ አገሩን ለጋላ እያስረከበ እንደ ተሰደደና ጋላዎች በኢትዮፒያ አውራጃዎች ወረራ በማካሂድ እንደ ተቆጣጠሩ ታሪክ ይናገራል በተለይ ጋላዎች አማራውን ክርስቲያን ነው በማለት ካገሩ በማሳደድ እንደጨፈጨፉና እንደወረሩ እላይ ተከዚ ድረስ እንደ ደረሱ ታሪክ ይመሰክራል በዚህ ምክንያት በኢትዮፒያ ያሉ ክርስቲያኖች ለመጀመሪያ ግዚ ነፍጥ በማንሳት አገራቸውን እና ሃይማኖታቸውን ለማስመለጽ እንደተነሱ የመጀመሪያው በኢትዮፒያ የተነሳው ጦርነት በዝህ ምክንያት እንደ ነበር ታሪክ ይመሰክራል እነኝህ ክርስቲያኖች አገራቸውን እና ሃይማኖታቸውን ለማስመለስ ግራኝን ጦር ገጥመው ግራኝ ዛሪ ነፍጠኛ እየተባለ በሚባሉት ክርስቲያኖች ተገድሎ የሞተበት ቦታ ሁሉ ግራኝ በር በመባል ይታወቃል ከዚህ በሃላ ክርስቲያኖች ሃይላቸውን በማስተባበር ኢትዮፒያን ወደ ነበረችበት የሸዋ ንጉሰ ነገስት መንግስትን መልሰው ለማቃቃም ችለዋል በዝህ ሂደት ታዲያ ጋላዎች በኢትዮፒያ አውራጃዎች ስለሰፈሩ አንዳንዶቹ የራሳቸውን ቃንቃ አንዳንዶቹ የአማራውን ቃንቃ እና ባህል እንደ ያዙ ይነገራል በተለይ ሸዋ ያሉ ጋላዎች የአማራን ቃንቃና ሃይማኖት እንደ ያዙ ይነገራል ስለዚህ ኢትዮፒያ እንደ አገር ስትቆም በዘመኑ አገር ለመመስረት የተኪደበት ሂደት ይህን ይመስላል የዘመኑ ልሂቃኖች በተለይ የኦሮሞ ልሂቃኖች እየነገሩን ያሉት እኛ ኦሮሞዎች ብዙ ነን እንደ አሰፋፈራችን የራሳችን አገር እንፈልጋለን ሊላው አገሩ አይደለም ማለት ጀምረዋል ጥያቂው ኦሮሞ የሰፈረበት ቦታ ሁሉ የኦሮሞ ነው ያለው ማነው? ወይስ በኢትዮፒያ ኦሮሞዎች ሲሰፍሩ ሊላው አልነበረም ? ስለዝህ አገር ማለት እና ዘር ማለት ሊላ ነገር ነው የህዝቡ አሰፋፈር እንደ ታሪኩ ሊሰፍር ችላል አገሪቱ ግን ለኢትዮፒያኖች ሆናለች የኦሮሞነው የአማራነው የጉራጊነው አይሰራም እኛ ብዙ ነን ሊላው ትንሽ ነው አይሰራም በኢትዮፒያ አማሪኛ ቃንቃ እንዲስፋፋ ያደረገው ያገሪቱ ታሪክና ኦርቶዶክስ ነው አዎ ኦርቶዶክስ ሃይማኖት ነው ተስፋፊ ነው ለአማሪኛ ፊደል ፈጥራለች ይህ ማለት ደግሞ ኦርቶዶክስ ግዝ ለትግሪኛም ፈትራለች በዘመኑ የነበሩ የሃይማኖት ልሂቃኖች ያንን ከፈጠሩ ፈጠሩ ነው በዛ ዘመን የነበር የጉራጊ ልሂቅ ለጉራጊኛ ፊደል አውጥቶ ቢሆን ኖሮ እሰየው ነበር በዛ ዘመን የነበር ኦሮሞ ልሂቅ ለኦሮሞ ፊደል አውጥቶ ከነበር እሰየው ነበር ታሪካም ነበር ነገር ግን ፊደሉ በዘር የበላይነት ታስቦ የወጣ ሳይሆን በዘመኑ ለኢትዮፒያኖች ነው ሃይማኖት ለምን በኢትዮፒያ ተስፋፋ ለምን ያንን ያኒ ተቀበልን ማለት እና ዛሪ መቀባጠር የተለያዩ ታሪኮች ናቸው ሃይማኖት በአንድ አገር መቃቃም ምክንያት ብቻ ሳይሆን ከአንድ አገር ወዳንዱ የሚስፋፋ በአለማችን የተለያየ ቃንቃ የሚናገሩ አንድ ሃይማኖት ያላቸው ህዝቦች አሉ አያስደንቅም እስልምናን ለማስፋፋት የተነሳው ግራን ማህመድ ለአማራው ለጉራጊውም ለኦሮሞውም ለትግሪውም የተጠቀመበት እና ኢትዮፒያን የ እስላም አገር ላማድረግ የተነሳበት ቃንቃ አማሪኛን በማውራት እንጂ አረብኛን አይደለም አማሪኛ ቃንቃን እትዮፒያን ለመግዛት ለመቆጣጠር የመጣ ሁሉ ተጠቅሞበታል የትግሪው አጺ ዮሃንስ ኢትዮፒያን ለመግዛት ሲነሱ ትግሪኛ ቃንቃቸው ቢሆንም አማሪኛን የአገራቸው ቃንቃ በማድረግ ነው የኦሮሞ ባላባቶች ኢትዮፒያን ለመግዛት ሲነሱ ኦሮኢኛ ቃንቃቸው ቢሆንም አማሪኛን የአገራቸው ቃንቃ በማድረግ ተጠቅመው ነው በየባላባቱ የወደቀችው ኢትዮፒያ አማሪኛን በመጠቀም ነበር የሚደራደሩት ንጉስ ጦናን የመሳሰሉ ባላባቶች አማሪኛን ያልተናገረ የለም አማሪኛ ቃንቃ በኢትዮፒያ አማራዎች ስለ ወረሩና ቅኝ ግዛት ስለያዙ ሳይሆን ኢትዮፒያ ከታሪካ እንደ አገር ስትቆም ስትስፋፋ የተፈጠረ ከኦርቶዶክስ ጋር የተያያዘ ታሪካ ነው እንግዲህ በኢትዮፒያ የአበሻ ንጉሰ ነገስት ስረአት መንግስት ሲመሰረት ብ1270 አማራዎች ናቸው ብሎ ዛሪ የኢትዮፒያን ህዝብ አገርህ አይደለም ነፍጠኞች አማሮች እየተባለ አሁን ድረስ አገር ማፈርሻ መጠቀሚያ ሲደረግ ግራኝ እስልምናን ወደ ኢትዮፒያ በሰላም ሳይሆን በቶርነት ጨፍጭፎ አገር ሲቀማ የነበርው ታሪክን ምኖችልንላቸው ነው? ለዘሪ ነው የምታገለው የሚሉ ሃይሎች በዘመኑ ታሪክ የለንም ይላሉ በመጀመሪያ ታሪክ ባይኖረን ኖሮ እና ሁሉም በየዘር ግንዱ የየራሱ አገር ኖሮት ቢሆን ኖሮ እንደ ጎረቢት አገሮች እንተያይ ነበር እትዮፒያም የምትባል አገር ባልኖረችና ባልተጨቃጨቅን ስለዝህ በዝህ በሰለጠነ ዘመን ኢትዮፒያ እንደ ማንኛውም አገር እየሰለጠነች ጥሩ ታሪካን እና ባህላን ቃንቃዋን ሳታጠፋ ዘመናዊ መሆን እንጂ ዘመናዊ መሆን የብሂር ብሂረሰቦች መብት መጠበቅ ያለበት አገር ስንቀማ ነው ማለት ነወይ? አገሩ የጋራ ነው ስለዚህ ለሁሉም የሚሆን የጋራ ነገር መፈለግ ይህ አገር መቀማት እና መውረር በግራኝም ዘመን አልተሳካም ለማለት ነው አሁንም ወያኒ ህወሃት እያደረገ ያለው በዘር ማንነት መውረር እንጂ ሊላ ነገር የለም ህወሃት የዘር ልሂቃኖችን ለመጠቀም አማራ እና ኦርቶዶክስን ማጥፋት አለብን ብሎ ተነሳ ግን ህወሃት ትግሪ ነኝ እያለ አሁንም ኢትዮፒያ የምትባለዋን አገር የህልውናው መጠቀሚያ ያደረጋት አማሪኛ ቃንቃን እየተጠቀመ ነው ይህ ከአማራ ጋር ታዲያ ምን አገኛነው? አማራ ጠላት ነው እየተባለ ለመሆኑ ትግሪ ኦርቶዶክስን አያምንም ነበር ህወሃት ኦርቶዶክስንም ማጥፋት ነው ነው ያለው ስለዚህ በኢትዮፒያ ውስጥ የዘር ፖለቲካ አይሰራም ኢትዮፒያዊነትም አይደለም ያ በመሆኑ አሁን ያለው እውነታ ህወሃት እና መሰሎቹ ለጥቅማቸው ሲሉ ተሸዋውደው ኢትዮፒያን ለመዝረፍም ሆነ ለዘሮቺ ነጻነት አመጣለው በሚል የንጉሶቹ ስረአትና ደርግ 25 አመት ይወገዛል ይህ በዋናነት ሚሊሊክ ዛሪ ህወሃት የባንዳ እርዝራዝ ኢትዮፒያን በዘር ከፋፍለው ለዘሮቺ ህልውና አስከብራለው አመጣለው በሚል የኢትዮፒያ ህዝቦች አገራቸውን እና ሃይማኖታቸውን ቃንቃቸውን ለማስጠበቅ በጋራ መቆም እንዳለባቸው እና በኢትዮፒያዊነት ከሆነ ኢትዮፒያን ለዘሪ መጠቀሚያ ብሎ መነሳት እንደማይቻል ለዘመናት ሚሊሊክም ከወረሱት ታሪክ ኢትዮፒያን በማስጠበቃቸው የፋሺሽት አሽከር በመሆን ጥቅማቸው የቀረባቸው ዛሪ ስለተሳካላቸው በተግባር ኢትዮፒያን በዘር በመከፋፈል አገር አልባ በማድረግ አገሩን በመሸጥ ኢትዮፒያ የምትባል አገር የኛ ህልውና የዘሮቻችን ሆድ መሙያ እንጂ ሊላው አገር የለውም ነጻነትም የለውም በማለት ሚሊሊክ ቢተ መንግስት ገብቶ የሙጥኝ ለማለት እንደሆነ የዘር ልሂቃኖቹም በተግባር እያዩት ነው ታይታል ዛሪ ለህወሃት በኢትዮፒያ ታማኝ አገልጋይ ዘሮቺ ከሚላቸው ውጭ ማንም እንደ ቻይና አንድ ቁትር የለም ቻይናም ብቻ ሳይሆን ቱርክም ህንድም አረብም …ኢትዮፒያዊነት ስለሊለ ኢትዮፒያዊ የሆነ ዚጋ በነጻነት በገሩላይ ሰርቶ የመኖር የፈለገበት ቦታ የመኖር መብት የለም ክልል ያለ ገደብ ለህወሃት ሆናል ስለዚህ የንጉሶቹ ዘመን ሆነ ደርግ መሰረታቸው ኢትዮፒያዊነት ነው ህወሃት ጫካ የወጣውም መሰረቱም ኢትዮፒያዊነት ስላልሆነ ኢትዮፒያ በዝህ በ 25 አመት ለኢትዮፒያኖች ህልውና የቆመ መንግስት የላትም ለዘሮቻችን ህልውና የቆመ መንግስት አለን የሚሉም አልታዩም እየተሰራ ያለው በዘመኑ ልሂቃኖች ህዝብን እንደ እንሥሣ እያጋጩ መዝረፍ ሊላ ነገር የለም ንጉሶቹ በዘመናቸው ደሃውን አላዩም ተብሎ እንዲወርዱ ምክንያት ነበር ደርግ ወታደር በመሆኑ ለስልጣኑ ብሎ ህዝቦች ጨፈጨፈ እንዲወርድ ምክንያት ሆነው ዛሪ አገር እየተሽጠ ገበሪ በባለሃብት እየተቀማ ተሰርቶ ወይም ተምሮ ሳይሆን በማጭበርበር ከአንድም 10 ፎቅ ከነ ዘር ማንዘርህ የሚሰራበት ባለቢት የሊላት አገር ስትሆን እና አገር አልባ የሆንን ዚጎች ሆነን መከራከሪያችን እና መነታረኪያችን ስለ ኢትዮፒያ እንደ አገር መቆም እና ታሪካ ሲሆን ያሳዝናል ኢትዮፒያ ወርቅ ታሪክ አላት ታሪካችን አያሳፍርም ይህቺ የጥንት ታሪክ ያላት አገርን እያንዳንዱ ብሂር በሃይማኖት ሲመጡበት አድላይ በመሆን በዘር ሲመጡበት አንድላይ በመሆን ለዚች አገር ያለክልል ያለ ዘር ዳር ድበራን እያስጠበቀ ያለ አሁንም ኢትዮፒያዊነት ነው ኢትዮፒያዊነትንማ ጠንቀን እናውቃለን ጠላቶች የዘር ልሂቃኖች የፈረጅ አችከሮች ብቻ አገሩቱን ስለያዛት ነው ኢትዮፒያ በኢትዮፒያ የቁርጥ ቀን ልጆቻ ነጻ ትወጣለች

  20. Dawi
    | #20

    Anbesaw Feyessa,

    [[..The late Zenawi himself had admired his former boss Isaias Afewerki...]]

    In the beginning, the Mentor [Isaias in this case] – overshadows the student in terms of ability. This is certainly justified, since it is the intention of a student to become more skilled by learning from a more experienced mentor.

    However, there often comes a time when the student surpasses the mentor in ability. It is at this point at which the student reaches his full ability and becomes a master of his trade.

    Meles made himself the master of the “African developmental state” formation, similar to east Asia but unique to the African settings.

    Isayas is still stuck in the Liberation movement mentality.

  21. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #21

    The ማሌሊቶች (ከነ ፋይሳም እንዋስ ዘንዳ ይፈቀድልንና!) and comrades in pillage, all of you the ጨካኞች እስከነ ሆዳሞቻችሁ፣

    Fayissa #14 እያጫወታችሁ ባለው ላይ እንዳክልበትና እንዲሁም በዚያው እግረ መንገዱንም ለትግርኛ beginners‘ም ያገለግል ዘንዳ እንዳበረክት ፈቃዳችሁ ቢሆንና, ከዚያም መልስ ነው በሚል ሰበብ የማሰልቻ ዝባዝንኬ እንደማታመጡብኝ ቃል እንድትገቡልኝ እየተማለድኩኝ፣

    You people, ዓድዋ ውስጥ ማደር የማትችሉና የባንዳ ሽቶ የተረጨባችሁ የምትመስሉ ተጋሩ፣ “you are lucky, that i am a TIRAWAY” ! ኣምሓራይ እንተዝኸውን ነይረማ ቀደም ወዲአኩም ምስሃለኹ Ha..Ha…! like those in DC, ዛሬ የሚታገልዋችሁ የሚመስሉ፣ ነገ ግን በቀላሉ ዶላራችሁን በማሽተት የሚገዙላችሁ፣ እነ „የአባት ቤት ሲወረር አብረህ ውረሮች“ መፈክራቸው፣ በህዝብ ስም ለፊንጥር ኪሳቸው ከአህጉር አህጉር ተስፈናጥሮ ከማሌሊትም ጭምር ሳይቀር ሳንቲም ለቃቃሚዎች!

    የመቶ ዓመቱ መበደላችን ጉዳይ ትዝ ባለኝ ቁጥር, „ከማያውቁት መልአክ የሚያውቁት ሰይጣን“ በሚለው ሰንፈላሉ ልቤ ስለምኖር ብቻ ነው እንጂ፣ ጨቅላ ተጋሩ ህፃናትን ከናቶቻቸው ጉያ ከመነጥላችኋቸው በኋላ ሽረ ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከትታችሁ ቆርጥማችሁ የበልስችሁ ካኒባሊስቶች ሆናችሁ እያላችሁ, እንዲሁም ሆኖ ግን ዴን ሃግ (The Hague) ውስጥ ምንም ፋይል ሳይከፈትባችሁ አዲስ አበባ ዘንዳ፣ ነገ ሃይለኛ ነፋስ ቢመጣ በቀላሉ ሊፈነገሉ የሚችሉ “የቱርክ” የይስሙላ “ሰማይ ጠቀሶችን” አሰራን እያላችሁ የDC‘ን ቦዜኔዎችንና የኢትዮጵያን የዋህ ገበሬን በማስጨፈር ላይ የምትገኙት ያላችሁት፣ የቤቶቹ ኤስተቲኩ ደግሞ ሲያስጠላ! እዚህ እኔ ያለሁበት ሃገር ውስጥ እንዲህ አይነት አስቀያሚ ኤስተቲክ ያላቸው ቤቶች ውስጥ፣ ሞረኮዎች፣ ኤርትራውያን እና ሩስላንድ ዶቼዎች እና የመሳሰሉት „asozial‘ሎች“ ብቻ ናቸው የሚኖሩበት፣ ለዚያውም መብራትና ኮረንቲ ኖሮት፣ እንዲሁም ነፋስ በማይወስደው አይነት ጥንካሬ ተነድቆ ተሰርቶ!! ለህክምና ስትመጡ ወደ ቦናሚስ እና የመሳሰሉ ቦታዎች ዘንዳ ብቅ ብላችሁ ማየት ትችላላችሁ! „asozial‘ነቱ ባይታጣባችሁም ግን እነዚያ መንደሮች ውስጥ ማደር አያስፈልጋችሁም፣ ምክኒያቱም በወስላታ ቀሳውስቶቻችሁ የምትገነዙበት ክፍሎችን Main-Plaza ህንፃ ውስጥ ክፍሎችን ገዝታችሁ የለ! በድህነት መንፈስ የተወጠራችሁ የምቾት ምንነትንም ለመገመት ሆነ ለመንደላቀቅ አቅማችሁ የማይፈቅድላቹሁ ብቻ እንዲያው የህዝብን ንብረት አባካኞች የሆናችሁ!

    አይድዮሎጂን አስመልክቶ ደግሞ እስካሁንም ድረስ እቅጫችሁን ሳልነግራችሁ የቆየሁት ያው “ት.” በመሆኔ ነው እንጂ, TPLF was (and is) the most backward ውድበ, ማለትም ደድሕሪ ደቂ ሓትኖታትኩም፣ Those ሻዕቢያዎች-የግብፅ ተላላኪዎች የገዛ ህዝባቸውን ሻጮች:: ጭንጋፋችሁን በሚመለከት ደግሞ እስከ ህልፈቱ ቀናት ድረስ, መጀመርያ ላይ ሻዕቢያ “በለገሰችው” ትምህርት, ማለትም “ምሁርን ከምኡ‘ውን ሕሊና ዘለዎ ሰብን አጥፍእዎ, እንተዘይኣጥፊኹምዎ ድሓር ዴሞኽራሲ’ዶ እንታይዶስ ከመይዶስ እንዳበለ ከሸግረኩም እዩ, ሓረስታይ ጥራህ አቕርቡን መልምሉን, ሕቶታት ከየብዝሐ ዝእዘዘኩምን, ጎቦ ወፂኡን ቁልቁል ወሪዱን ዝዋግኣልኩም ሓረስታይ ጥራሕ እዩ፣“ ይብል:: ጭንጋፍኩም ድማ ምስ ብዓል ኦቻላ ቲራና ውዒሉስ ንብዓል ካርተር ንኽረክብ ድማ አትላንታ ይሓድር ስለዝነበረ፣ ተሽሎኽላኺ ዘምፅኦ ጥቁይ ነገር ዘሎ ከይመስለኩም፣ እምባሽዶ እዙይ ዝተዓዘቡ ኹሎም እንዃድኣ ሓዋዊሶም ባንዳ-ባንዳ ይብሉና ይውዕሉ አለዉ! ታጠቅንና የትግላችን ዜናን ከመሳሰሉት መፅሄቶች ከአማርኛ ወደ ትግርኛ ኮርጆ በትግራይ ገበሬ ላይ እዩኝ-እዩኝ ማለት ደግሞ ከሌኒንም ሆነ ከማርክስ ጋራ ምንም የሚያገኝኘው ጉዳይ የለውም! በዚያን ጊዜ ቲራና ውስጥ the most brutal & backward Stalinism እንጂ ሌላ ነገር አልነበረምና ይልቁንስ በማታውቁትና ስላልዋላችሁበት ጉዳይ ዝባዝንኬ እያመጣችሁ አታሰልቹን! ብኸምዙይ ዓይነት ጉዕዞኹም ጥዑይ ሓሳባት ሒዙ ክንቀሳቐስ ንዝኽል ኢትዮጵያዊ ኹሉ ምስ ኣጥፋእኹም, ሎሚማ ኢልኩም-ኢልኩምስ መልከ ውቦች ኢትዮጵያውያን ከምዘየብልናስ ንዓድዋ ገፀን እየን ዝጥምታ ዘለዋ ኢልካ እንዳተፀበኻየንስ ለካስ ናብ ኣክሱም ገፀን ዘሸውርራ ነገራት አብ ኣየር አውፂእኻስ ቡን መቀባበልቲ ኹሉ ከይተረፈ ካብ ሃገረ እንታይዶስ ከመይዶስ……!!?? በፂሕኹም ኣለኹም!! እዙይ ተግባር’ዙይ ከምቲ ናይ ሽረ ጉድጓድ ኣደብኩም ዝመሳሰል ተግባራት እዩ!! እንተስ ድማ ብአአን አመኽኒኹም ንፐኪንግ ገፅኩም ኮንትሮባንዳታት‘ዶኾን ሓሲብኩም አለኹም ኮይንኩም ኢኹም? እቲ ናብ ብዓል ማለዥያዶ ከመይዶስ ዝተጉዓዘ ዝርፍያታት ዊሒዱስ ሕጂድማ ቁርብ ሕሊፍ ኢልካስ ናብ ብዓል ሻንግሃይ!
    እስኪ በጃኻትኩም መዓዝ ኢኹም ዘሪፍኩም እትፀግቡሞ ነታ ዓዲ ገዲፍኩምስ ናብትኸድዎ እትፀድፉ? ድሕሪኡ ሓላፍነት ዝስምዖም ደቂ ዓዲ ሃገሮም ከምሓዳድሩ ምእንታን! ክሳብ ሕጂ’ውን እንተኾነ ንኣዲስ ኣበባስ እኮ ደርጊ ይሕሻ ነይሩ፣ ከማኻትኩም ለይስሙላ ሳይሆን ስለሚወዳት አዲስ አበባን በመልከ መልካም ህንፃዎች እስከነ ውሃና ኮረንቲውም ጭምር ያሳምራትና ያሸበርቃት ነበር!!

    The DCዎች ደግሞ፣ ያ በትንሽዋ ጣቱ ጥፍሩን ያህል ሸዌውና እንዲሁም በቀለቤት ጣቱ ጥፍር ያህል ከወሎ ፈረስ ጋር የሚዛመደውና፣ ግን በአስርቱ ጣቶቹ ትግራዋይ, አርማውም ፅላተ ፅዮን የሆነው ልጃችን ደጋግሞ እንዳሳሰባችሁ፣ ስለ እኛ ክፉም ሆነ ደግ ነገር ስትለድፉ፣ ማንነታችሁን እያስታወቃችሁ እንጂ ተደብቃችሁ መሆን የለበትም:: ሰሞኑን ድምፁ መጥፋቱ ከነ ወይዘሮ አጋየች (Gayle Smith) ጋራ የሚካበው Lobby ፋታ አልሰጥ ብሎት መሆኑን እንገምታለን:: ብቻ ለኢትዮጵያ ረሃብተኞች የሚበጅ Lobby ያድርገው! Ethiopian-አካ ሃራማች ደግሞ እሁድ ቤታችን ዘግተን እርስበራሳችን ውይይት በሚል ሰበብ መለፋለፍን እናካሂዳለን, ግን civilized የሆነ ሰው እንዲደርስብን አንፈልግም በሚለው የታወቀው መፈክራችው መሰረት በሚያውለበልቡት የፎቶ ባንዴራቸው ላይ የእርሱ ስእል የለበትም፣ በደረቅ አማሮች ጀምሮና አንድን ፈረንጅንም ጨምሮ በ‘ኤርትራ ነን ባዮች ደቡቦች ያበቃል:: አሁንም ቢሆን የተኮላችን ስእል አብሮ አለመውለብለቡ Tecola-Work civilized ለመሆኑ ምስክር ወረቀቱ ነው! Incase you people from DC and surruounding ማንነታችሁን አስታውቃችሁና ማሌሊትን አስመልክታችሁ የሆነ ዝልፍያ ከወረወራችሁና፣ ከዚያም በኋላ አስመራ እንዘልቃለን በሚል ተበግሶ ወደ ዓረቡ አለም ብቅ ካላችሁ, „Take care“ የሚለውን ቃል በኩፍኛ እያኘካችሁ መንቀሳቀሱን አትዘንጉ:: ምክኒያቱም አረቡ ዓለም ዘንዳ ወላሂ-መላሂ ተባብሎ ሰላምታ ከተለዋወጡና ጣፋች ሓለዋትን በ$$ መልክ ከተጎራረሱ በኋላ ብዙ ነገሮች ሊካሄዱ ይችላሉና:: ኤርትራም ውስጥ ቢሆን „ተለቂሐንሳያ የምቅራ“ ከምዝብልዎ፣ ግዕዝ ፊደላችንን ትተው ማንነታቸውን ከጉግል ጋራ በአረብኛ ፊደል ከተደዋወሉበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ፣ ያው እንደ አረቡ አለም ናቸው:: ምንም የሚታመን ነገር የለም! ተንቀሳቃሽ ኮንፑይተር የሚባል ቁሳቁስንማ ጭራሽ እንዃንስ ይዞ ለመንቀሳቀስ ይቅርና የያዘም ሰው አካባቢ ጠጋ ብሎ አለመቀመጥን ምረጡ!

    ሁልጊዜ ደጋግመን እንዳልነው እናንተ ሶስት ሃይሎች፣ ማለትም በቅደም ተከተላችሁ 1. The የጥንት አጋስሶች አሁን ደግሞ ወደ ሃራምነት ቦኮነት የተለወጣችሁት፣ 2. Those አንድ ሃሙስ ቀረሽ
    ሻዕቢያዎች፣ 3. And last but not least, Our ማሌሊታውያን ክንፍ of ህወሓት! ብቻ እናንተን አስመልክቶ ለዚያ ቀን ያድርሰን!!ዴን ሃግም (the Hague) ባይሆን ምናልባት አሩሻ ወይንም ሓውዜን ውስጥ! Who knows? ለናንተ ዘረፋ አመችነት የዘነበውን ያህል ለእኛም ቀና ተግባራት የሚያካፋበት ቀን ይመጣ ይሆናል!
    በተለይ እናንተ The ማሌሊታውያን፣ ለመሆኑ እናንተ ዓድዋ ውስጥ ለማደር ያለባችሁን ችግር አስታኮ ለምንድነው ጠቅላላው የዓድዋ ህዝብ (እኮታ መላ ትግራዋይ!) ወደ አዲስ አበባ የናንተ „ቱርክ“ ህንፃዎች ደጃፍ ላይ ዘበኛ ሆኖ ለመገተር መሰደድ ያለበት….!!?? የናንተ ነፃ አውጭነት ህዝብን ከቤቱ ነቅሎ ወደ ሌሎች ወንድሞች መንደሮች ዘንዳ ወስዶ ለስደተኛ ቀማኛነት ለማብቃት ኖሯልን!! ደቂ ሓትኖታትኩም በዘመነ ሃይለ ስላሴ ተነቅለው መጥተው የአዲስ አበባ ማጅራት መቺዎች ሆነው የነበሩትን, ዘላለማችሁን ለማክበር ነውን? ይሄ ሁሉ የባንዳነት ሽቶው ነገር እየሳባችሁ ይሆንን? ነገሮችን በማበጀት ሳይሆን፣ ነገሮችን በማበላሸት ብቻ ታዋቂነትና importance ለመቀናጀት የተንደረደራችሁ ጨቃኝ ጉዶች፣ ቄሳርያውያን! በማያወላውል መልኩ ጫካኝነቱን ግልፅ ለማድረግ፣ የገዛ እናቱ እንደ ገደለው ቄሳር አይነት ተግባራት በትግራይ ህዝብ ጎን ተደብቃችሁ በክልላችን ላይም ሆነ በሃገራችን ላይ በማካሄድ ላይ የምትገኙና የተፈለገውን ያህል THERAPY‘ም ቢለገሳችሁ ራሳችሁን ለማሻሻል አንዳችም አይነት ጥረት የማታካሂዱ ሃሳውያን! ካብተሰልችውናስ እንተትዕረዩስ ክንደይ‘ኮን ምስ ኣጥዓመልኩም፣ ተዓረ…!
    ሌሎቻችንን Unity in Diversity‘ን ያዳብርል!

  22. Ali
    | #22

    What do you mean “”The former majored in Amharanization of the Ethiopian people towards a reconstruction of homogenous unity”" ?
    Where do you get your PhD ? Dim head have self respect

  23. aha!
    | #23

    CTd from #6 on the concept/ideology fostered by TPLF/eprdf regime, where TPLF is the Politburo ruling the country, and TPLF is an ex-liberation front that has evolved by extinction of each other, by eviction and now by division within itself and remains TPLF/eprdf regime, whose current organizational structure is discussed on 17, 2015 with Sissay Agena. This reveals the administrative organizational structure, circumventing the Prime Minister in a TPLF dominated administrative structure by way of implementing ethnic federalism, secessionism, totalitarianism and/or state capitalism. Also it is worthwhile listening to, of the subversion of Ethiopiawinet by either the “True Ethiopiawinet and/or New OR No Ethiopia Concept/ideology”.

  24. waka
    | #24

    Alem: You did not even properly stated what the writer of the article is saying. You stated that there is dichotomy between “ethiopiawinet” and ” true ethiopiawint” but You did not show clearly where the dichotomy is. I disagree with the article writer in many ways he puts things together including his one sided views. The writer mentioned about the inherent nature of ” True ethiopiawinet”. In reality, there is no such a thing as inherent as He put it. Also he mentioned about the past rulers of the “divine” given power which is also false. Whether the past rulers use power as the divine given or the present rulers use power the opposite, it is all a social construction. There is no proof to show each case other than social construction. Any philosophy is not inherent by nature, It is just made up by our construction including the Identity issue. It does not mean to deny a common identity or to deny diversity.
    After all, Unity and diversity are two and one at the same time. You can not pick one and drop the other. They go together even in nature.
    The one problem we can not solve our political problem is, our exchange of ideas is mainly based on personal attack. It can never go beyond that. I saw only few people devoted themselves on principles.
    Most of us are caught up with supporting this group or that and our view is also distorted by the meaning and by the support we give to a certain group.

  25. Musie
    | #25

    The TPLF leaders and their followers like Zelalem Eshete do not have any ground moral or otherwise to tell us about Ethiopiawinet. We are Ethiopians and will continue to be so despite the anti_Ethiopian and destructive politics of the TPLF. The present fascist and racist politics of the TPLF has excluded Ethiopians but the Tigrayans from the economic and political lives of the country. Despite its sustained onslaught on Ethiopia and Ethiopiawinet,the TPLF has not been able to shake the strong Foundation of Ethiopiawinet. Ethiopiawinet has shown an admirable resilence in the face of attacks and demonizations by the TPLF.
    The TPLF cadres like Zelalem Eshete and the one using the alias `Dawi`should leak their wounds because Ethiopiawinet is not the thing you can throw away or modify based on the politics of the TPLF. WE should be aware of the diversion tactic of the TPLF when there is a big famine affecting tens of millions of Ethiopians. The TPLF `developmental state` is a famine state for the non-TPLF sections of Ethiopians.

  26. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #26

    The masters of intimidation aka the MLLT-“ነፃ አውጪዎች“፣
    the virus in Ethioforum የናንተ ነውን!? ሊፈነቅል ሲታገል ይሄው ቀናት አለፉት! ድሮ በዝቃጩ የህብረተሰብ ቡድናችሁ አድርጋችሁ ነበር ጤነኛን የምታጨናግፉት፣ ዛሬ ግን ያለ-የሌለውን የሰው ማጥፍያ soft- and hardware ከነ….. ዘንዳ ከገዛችሁ በኋላ፣ የስደት መደበቅያችሁ አዲስ ውስጥ ቁጭ ብላችሁ ወደ ጠቅላላው አለም ዘንዳ ለመበተን ያበቃችሁትን ኢትዮጵያዊን በሙሉ በ‘rimot እየተከታተላችሁ ስትበክሉ አመታት አልፈዋችኋል!! በረጂሙ ሲታሰብ ሃፍረተቢስነት ላይ ተንደላቅቆ ስልጣኔን misuse ማድረግ ስለማያዋጣ፣ ተዓረዩ ወይድማ ጥፍኡ ናብ እትፀድፍዎ ፅደፉ! መቶ ዓመታት ሁሉ ከደረሰብን በደል ለመላቀቅ እንጂ በባሰ መልኩ በደል እንዲደርስብን አልነበረም እናንተን የተመኘናችሁና፣ ሽረ ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከቆረጠማችሁት ሁሉ በእድል የተረፈውም ተርፎ ከሽረ ህንድ ውቅያኖስ ድረስ የተሸከማችሁ!

    ሌሎቻችንን Unity in Diversity‘ን ያዳብርልን!

  27. Dawi
    | #27


    I don’t get why your version of “Ethiopiawinet” is any better than others including EPRDF’s?

    Having a reason to doubt of TPLF/EPRDF ever succeeding in deepening the developmental state democratization process in Ethiopia in the long is reasonable however, ignoring all its contribution as you did including its making the Ethiopian state from a point of the 1991 collapse to a hegemonic regional power and a strong base at that of regional security, stability with the potential of regional integration of the horn today is disingenuous to say the least.

  28. Garo
    | #28


    Mr. Alem, You seem to say all the powers prior to the current government had no ethnic bases. I don’t know by what measurement of the distribution of power you arrived at this conclusion. Just because ethnicity was mentioned in the constitution it did not mean it was not practiced in the political power distribution. And add to that an open hostile declaration by Kings like Tewedros, Yohannes, and Menelik against certain ethnic groups and the outrageous church teachings about non Abyssinian groups it was clear the Agenda was set in no uncertain terms whose governments those were.

    The changes of governments that were made in the past did not make any structural changes in the power distribution but replaced individuals who would take over from the one that preceded it. The core power still remained in the traditional Abyssinian highlanders because no real structural changes were made. That is why you could see Oromos in the government but the structure does not allow them to stand for Oromo interest and end up serving the interest of the center.

    Today’s division in the opposition between the so called unity camp and the so called ethnic camp has its origin in the center not wanting to change this fundamentally unsustainable system. Today’s TPLF government is not fundamentally different from the old system because it has not made a complete break from the past.

    The so called Ethiopian student movement was an attempt to prevent the disintegration of country and their way of looking at the problems around the country and coming up with the solution they thought would help prevent the break up. Just remember the EPRP who came out of the student movement refused to accept the Eritrean question as a colonial question when the central committee representative met the EPLF leadership one last time.

    As to Derg’s establishment of ethnic studies institute, it was just one of those desperate acts of the government whose time had expired.

  29. Dawi
    | #29

    aha said:

    [[.. dividing Ethiopian land mass by languages, which set the precedence for ethnic secessionism, future boundary conflicts, ethnic cleansing and human trafficking to the Middle East…]]

    Aha and others,

    I am sure you are aware that the former provinces can be considered more or less language based as well. It is just recognized officially now with some modification of land; that is it!

    Inequalities existed then and with its draw back the present federation is trying to address our problems. And I don’t think EPRDF claimed the present boundaries as written in stone either.

    So why pronounce an evil spell by wishing the present federal experiment to do future “ethnic cleansing” etc.??

    Do you realize the system before this had the same potential of doom? That’s probably why it almost doomed in 1991 if you ask me? :) What is your guarantee of going back to the old system of structure and survive another dooms day scenario. I take it you don’t have an answer to that so quit complaining and look forward for a better tomorrow.

  30. Dawi
    | #30

    [[..የመቶ ዓመቱ መበደላችን ጉዳይ ትዝ ባለኝ ቁጥር, „ከማያውቁት መልአክ የሚያውቁት ሰይጣን“ በሚለው ሰንፈላሉ ልቤ ስለምኖር ብቻ ነው እንጂ፣ ጨቅላ ተጋሩ ህፃናትን ከናቶቻቸው ጉያ ከመነጥላችኋቸው በኋላ ሽረ ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ከትታችሁ ቆርጥማችሁ የበልስችሁ ካኒባሊስቶች ሆናችሁ እያላችሁ,..]]

    You know what ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ? You can write a book on that and call it a day.

    With our high birth rates and correspondingly young populations your laments of past atrocities are already forgotten by them; most of the population will have no personal memory of the struggle at all, and calling by “old” folks like you to remember simply fall on uncomprehending ears if you ask me. So quit that.

    Unless you want to start deliberate effort ala Eritrea?? to inculcate into rising generations the values of struggle, discipline and dedication to the cause? :)

    Having said that, more people died during the latest Eritrea/Ethiopian war, more than all the past you talk about combined and the folks who paid the ultimate price are multinational Ethiopians not just one group you talk about. So much for that!

  31. ኢትዮፒያ
    | #31

    #26 ምን ትዘበራርቃለህ 100 አመት ተበደልን የምትሉት የጣሊያን አሽከር በመሆን ኢትዮፒያን ማስቸብቸብ ስላልተቻለ ነው በተረፈ ሚሊሊክ አምሃራ ስለሆነ በዘር ተደራጅቶ ኦሮሞን ይዚ ትግሪን አጥፍቺ ኢትዮፒያን ለዘሪ ህልውና ማስጠበቂያ አደርጋለው ብሎ ዘር አላጠፋም ትግሪንም ይዞ ኦሮሞን ዘር ለመጥፋትና የኢትዮፒያን ብሂሮች በማናከስ አገር ሸጦ ለዘሪ ለአምሃራ አላለም ሃይለስላሲም እንደዛው ደርግም እንደዛው ችግራችሁ ኢትዮፒያ በኢትዮፒያኖች አንድነታን ጠብቃ ለዘመናት ነጻነታን ያስከበረች በመሆና ምድረ ባንዳ በመዋረዱ ዘሪ ስለሚሊሊክ እያወሩ ስለ ሃይለስላሲ ስለደርግ እያወሩ ሚሊሊክ ቢተመንግስት በመቀመጥ ኢትዮፒያን ከፋፍሎ ለመጠቀም ያልሆነለትን ጣሊያን እናተ ዘር ከዘር በማናከስ አገሩን እየቸበቸባችሁ ዚጎችን አገር አልባ በማድረግ ፎክ ስለሰራችሁ ቻይናን አንደኛ ዚጋ ስላረጋችሁ 100 አመት የተበደላችሁትን እያገኛችሁ ስለሆነ ከአገር መሰደድ ምን አስፈለገህ ደግሞ ሻቢያ ሻቢያ እያላችሁ አትሸውዱ ህወሃት የትግሪ ነጻ አውጭ ነኝ ባዩ እንጂ የኢትዮፒያ ጠላት ሻቢያ አይደለም ህወሃት ከሻቢያ የበለጠ የስጋ ዘመድ የለኝም በማለት ለሻቢያ ሞትን ስትሉን አልነበር 100 አመት እኮ አልሞላችሁም ሻቢያ እንዲገነጠል ነጻነቱን አሰጠን ስትሉ አልነበር ታዲያ ምነው ህወሃት ለራሱ 25 አመት በኢትዮፒያ በነጻ አውጭ ስም ጉብ አለ ለምን ? ህወሃት ሻቢያን በስጋ ዝምድና ነጻነቱን ሰቶ ኢትዮፒያን ነጻነታን ለመቀማት በዘር ከፋፍሎ ኢትዮፒያዊያንን ለማጥፋት የግዲታ ኢትዮፒያ ላይ ጉብ ብሎ አምሃራን ካተፋን ኦሮሞን ማትፋት እንችላለን ከዛም ቀስ በቀስ የትግሪ ዘር ሃይሉን እያጠናከረ ኢትዮፒያን እንደ አገር እንዳትቆም ካደረገን ለ ኢርትሪያም ለትግሪም ትልቅ እድገት ብልጽግና ነው በማለት የትግሪ ዘር የትግሪ ዘር እያለችሁ በመፈክር ኢትዮፒያን ዶቃ አመድ እያደረጋችሁ ያላችሁ ህወሃቶች ትግሪ ብቻ ሳትሆኑ ኢርትራዊያኖች አይደላችሁም ወይ ሻቢያ ሻቢያ የምትሉት ማንን ለማወናበድ ነው ወይስ ኢሳያስ አፍወርኪ ስላልተመቻችሁ ኢትዮፒያ ውስጥ የዘር ልሂቃኑን እንደምትፐውዙት እና ኢትዮፒያን ለማጥፋት የምትጠቀሙበት ዘዲ ኢሳያስን አውርዳችሁ ሊላ የስጋ ዘመድ ኢርትራውያኑ ላይ መጫን ስለፈለጋችሁ ኢትዮፒያን ለማፍረስ የሚተባበራችሁ መሪ በኢርትሪያ ለማስቀመጥ እና በኢትዮፒያ ላይ ግዚአችሁን እያራዘማችሁ ለመዝረፍ 100 አመት በፊት የተበደልንን እያላችሁ ደግሞ ትዘባርቃላችሁ ብላችሁ ብላችሁ ሻቢያ ሻቢያ ትላላችሁ የሊባ አይነ ደረቅ መልሶ ልብ ያደርቅ ሆናችሁብናል የሚሰማችሁ የለም

  32. Fayissa
    | #32

    Like the other blind followers and supporters of the late fascist and racist TPLF leader Meles Zenawi, you are aggrandazing and canonizing him.
    Your late boss was a simple copycat who jumped on any wagon if he found it suitable to maintain his Power. He was an ultra Marxist in the Bush. Later after seizing power he became the disciple of and preached Liberalism and free economy. Then he copied the Singapore or Developmental state from Isaias (EPLF). His svinging game could have gone on until he exhausted all the mimicks he found on Earth. He was not a kind of person or politician one can admire and follow.

  33. Bedru
    | #33

    The Whole writing by the sell out Zelalem Eshete is meant to distract us from the famine catastrophe the TPLF regime is trying to hide.

  34. aha!
    | #34

    Ctd. from #6,at the level of implementation of “New OR No Ethiopia” (Ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or state capitalism) by the TPLF/eprdf regime in collaboration with crony capitalism of TPLF/Political, TPLF/EFFORT, and TPLF affiliated enterprises and foreign corporations and governments engaged in exploitations, political, and economic strangle hold of Ethiopian natural resources and the silent majority of Ethiopians, you may want to listen to the narratives by Finote.Org/Fikare zena Oct18EVE_Hr2B and ESAT Radio/10/21/2015.

  35. Hailu Shawel
    | #35

    More and more sons of farmer parents are being disobedient to their parents which is making the problem worse than it already is. many are leaving their elderly parents to starve while they go in exile with no form of communication from their destination. Family councilors need to engage fully in dialogue to bring this epidemic of communication break down at an early age between fathers and sons . Lack of communication between farmers and their children is fueling the severity of the drought. Many children are stopping any form of communication with their farmer parents which is leading to many societal , economical and political problems among Ethiopians. Sons of farmers within Ethiopia need to be heard to adrress the issue why the children of mostly farming families choose not to communicate with their own birth parents? Counciling and compromising is the only solution to reverse the severity of the problem within the the farming community which is almost the whole population of Ethiopia.

  36. Borsamo
    | #36

    The `New Ethiopiawinet` we never knew but revealed to or discovered by Zelalem Eshete embodies the vision of the TPLF. As an ethnic political entity the TPLF has clearly articulated its aim of reconstructing or reorganizing Ethiopia which has been the `prison of the oppressed nations, nationalities and peoples`. The mian point here is that the TPLF does not accept and recognize Ethiopia as a country and Ethiopiawinet as an Identity. Its cadres and followers like Zelalem Eshete are passing on the same Message of the TPLF. That Ethiopiawinet is the identity the Amhara rulers have imposed on the others and the symbol of oppression and colonization. The TPLF manifesto clearly spells out that Tigray was an ancient and independent state with its own and old civilization. It further states that Tigray and its people were degraded and humiliated under the successive oppressive Amhara rules. The analysis of Zelalem Eshete is based on and within the infamous manifesto of the TPLF.

  37. Alem
    | #37

    Garo, Did I say “all the powers prior to the current government had no ethnic bases?” Please read again carefully to not misrepresent or read into ideas.
    Waka, I see your problem is with the word “dichotomy.” Could I suggest you consult a dictionary? I said Zelalem injected “true” to Ethiopiawinet to appear to be saying something substantial just for the heck of it.
    Concerning Zelalem; many in here accuse him of siding with Tplf. That is the least of my worries. After all, he has the right to promote any idea he wishes. Abugida Editor [in contrast to Ethiomedia, Ecadf or Esat] should be congratulated for allowing such ideas [mine included] to circulate. My objection is that Zelalem is not read at all in basic politics and history. Hence, the pile of cliches and imbalances that have the appearance of balance. You may want to check his other articles. In other words, Zelalem may be contrarian but not necessarily to be taken seriously.

  38. Dawi
    | #38

    Bro. Fayissa said:

    [[..Your late boss was a simple copycat who jumped on any wagon.....he copied the Singapore or Developmental state from Isaias (EPLF)..]]

    What was there to copy from your boss dying doing the 30 years viscous circle? Becoming what Singapore? How?.. by exporting Ethiopian Coffee? You have got to be kidding us!

    Pragmatism is the virtue of most great men. If you like, start with Deng XiaopPing of China that said, who cares if the cat is Black or White? – As long as it catches the mouse; there is no need to re-invent the wheel.

  39. anon
    | #39


    History and events in Ethiopia are not static. Rather they are fluid and changing by the day in the direction to accommodate the needs of the most needy. Those who believe they have responsibility to shape their future are engaged through practical means to bring the desired change.

    Each person is afforded to make a choice. On the one hand, there are those who believe in human dignity and freedom. Those types of gallant men and women have already counted the coast and are paying ultimate price for it. On the other hand, men such as your self have already made their choice. In your case this choice is clear: ruminate over the past. And yes you must sustain this through the inter-net outlet. That alone will guarantee a kind of self evident accomplished fact. Enjoy your fantasy!

  40. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #40

    The MLLTቶች,

    መልሱን ትንሽ ዘገየሁባችሁን!? ምክንያት አለው! የሆኖ ሆኖ ከአሰልቺነት ወደ ተናዳጅነት ተሻግራችኋል:: ይሄስ የማን ሆኖ! ዋለም አደረም ግፍ ደግሞ ግፍ መሆኑን የምትማሩበት ቀን ይመጣል:: “With our high birth rates and correspondingly young populations your laments of past atrocities are already forgotten by them; most of the population will have no personal memory of the struggle at all” ማይ ይሙት “ወጣቶቹ” እነ ስብሓትና ስዩም መስፍን ስለ ትግሉም ሆነ ስለ ተሰዉትና ተቆረጠሙት ጨቅሎች “personal memory” የላቸውም?? በጣም ከመናደዳችሁ የተነሳ ራሳቸሁን በራሳችሁ ማንነታችሁን ታጋልጡ ጀመር:: እዚህ ላይ እኮ እያላችሁት ያላችሁት, ሰውን እንደ ቁጥር እንጂ እንደ ግለሰብ (INDIVIDUAL) ከምንም አንቆጥረውም, እኮ ነው ፈሊጥነቱ!! ለዴን ሃግ (The Hague) የሚሆኑ ነጥቦችን በገዛ ራሳችሁ አታቀብሉ እንጂ, እነ የዋህዬ-ስግብግቤዎች! በሁለተኛ አለም ጦርነት ግፍ ያካሄዱ የ95 ዓመት እድሜ ያላቸው ሁሉ ወደ ግፍ ፍርድ ቤት ሲጎተቱ ነው የሚውሉት ያሉት! ከዚህ በላይም የሚባል ስንትና ስንት ነገር ነበረኝ::

    ግን’ከስ ካብቶም ዋና ካድረታትኩም ገለ ሓደ, “አታ #26″ ኢሉ ብምፅዋዕስ, ዋላኻ ብስነ ስርዓቱ ክርድኦ እንተዘክኣልኩስ, ግን ዝኾነ ነገር ክብለኒ ይደሊ’ሎ ይመስለኒ:: ስለዝኾነስ ከም ኣመለይ’ድማ ክዕገሰኩም እምበር እንታይ’ድኣ ክገብር! ኣይትብከንዶ ዘብከየኒ ከምዝበሎ እንታይዶስ ከመይዶስ ዓይነት ነገር!!

    በቅርቡ በሚቀጥለው አባባሌ እስክንገናኝ ድረስ, 1.please master your TIGRIGNA 2.አማርኛችንንም አጠናቅቁ, 3.ከሁሉ በበለጠ ደግሞ ግእዛችን እምኑ ላይ ላላ እንደሚልና ከምኑስ ዘንዳ ምላሳችሁን ጠበቅ አድርጉት እንጂ ብሎ እንደሚያዘን ለመገንዘብ ታገሉ, በመጨረሻም ታሪክንና ፖለቲካን አስታኮ የለማ በገበያን ያክል እንዃን ለመገንዘብ እንጣርና ከዚያን በኋላ ………………………………..!

  41. aha!
    | #41

    Dawi@#29, that cause effect analysis is geared in response to the authors classification of “New OR NO Ethiopia”, which equates to the current division of Ethiopian land mass by languages as a divide and rule policy of the regime, which you rightfully designated as TPLF/EPRDF, with eprdf in small caps signifying the two tiers teletafi parties, with TPLF as the politburo, ruling the country under ethnic dictatorship under the current frame work of the constitution.

    Whereas under the previous provincial boundaries left in tact, there are four Amhara provinces of assorted ethnic groups and four Oromo provinces with assorted ethnic groups and the Harrar, the Sidamo, Illubabor, Gomu Gofa etc. provinces of diverse ethnic groups living in harmony for centuries, with the chance for an individual to settle and own private property anywhere in Ethiopia.

    Do you believe if article 46 is ratified, would there be a precedence for ethnic secessionist have an ill demarcated land mass upon which to secede, except the province of Eritrea and Tigrai provinces. Whose problem solving idea is it to disintegrate rather than integrate Ethiopia by restoring the original provinces to constitute the united states of Ethiopia with a constitution, where individual freedom super cedes ethnic and secessionist rights, embracing Ethiopian Nationalism rather than ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism. Whereas, if the individual rights is respected the group rights follow, but not vice versa, the logic upon which the TPLF/eprdf regime is formed.

  42. aha!
    | #42

    The comment @#35 by Hailu Shawel is worth our attention put forth in connection with this article as only print medium for commentary, parallel to Audio commentaries by individuals in ESAT and Finote.Org Radio. This idea of disruption of the family between husband and wife has received editorial comment at Radio. Now this comment by Hailu Shawel stands on its own as an issue to be dealt with, because while I am pointing out with respect to this article of the precedence of individual rights to ethnic and secessionist rights as a basic unit for democracy to be stipulated in the constitution around which political parties need to be formed. The basic unit for human resource and economic development the basic unit of a society is the family unit, not the individual. From that perspective the family unit as a basic to society need to be protected from disintegration, because it has relevance to the development of human and natural resources as well maintaining ones identity as Ethiopiawinet first and ones ethnicity second in terms of priority to maintain Ethiopian Nationalism of Ethiopia as a one nation state.

  43. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #43

    Das Wesen der TPLF በከፊል,

    በእሳት የተፈተነ ህዝብ እንዳላሉት ይመስል አሁን ደግሞ አዲስ አበባ ውስጥ ተረጋግተው በዘረፋ ተግባራት ላይ ብቻ በተሰማሩበት ዘመናት ላይ በቅጥረኞቻቸው አድርገው ሞቷልና በቃ እርሱት እያሉን ያሉት ነገር እንቅልፍ ነስቶኝ ውሎ ስላደረ እንደገና በዚህ አርእስት ላይ ልመለስበት የግዴታ ሆነ፣

    TPLF በየፖርታሉም ሆነ በየግለሰብ ውሻጤም ውስጥ ጭምር ሳይቀር አንዳንድ ሰውን ትወሽቅና የውይይቶች ተሳታፊ ትመስላለች፣ ወይንም ስለላዎችን ትሰበስብና ከዚያም ዋናዎቹ ትጇሮቿ ከኋላ ተደብቀው በመሰብሰብ እየተማከሩ የሚያስፈልገውን እርምጃ ይወስዳሉ፣ „መልስም“ እንዲሰጥ ያደርጋሉ:: ይህ አሰራራቸው ከትግል ጅመራቸው ቀን አንድ ጀምሮ እስከ ዛሬ ዕለት ድረስ ያለና የማይለወጥ ሂደታቸው ነው:: ምናልባት ከተመሰረቱበት ደቂቃዎች እስከ ሚቀጥሉት ስድስት ወራት ጊዝያቶች ውስጥ ለየት ያለ ሁናቴ ኖሮ ሊሆን ይችላል:: ተመስርተው ስድስት ወራት ካለፏቸው ጊዝያቶች ጀምሮ እስከ ዛሬ ድረስ ግን ወደ አርባ አመታት አልፏቸዋል:: ምንም እንኳን በዚህ ጠቅላላ አርባ አመታት እድሜአቸው የገጠማቸውን ሁናቴና ነገርን በሙሉ በነፃነት ስም ለግል ስልጣንና ዘረፋ instrumentalized ቢያደርጉትም ግን ምን ጊዜም እየተጫውትንባችሁ ነው የሚለውን ቃል በግልፅ አውጥተው አያውቁም:: አሁን ግን ለመጀመርያ ጊዜ፣ ምናልባት በጣም ማንነታቸውን የሚገልፅ አባባል ሲገጥማቸውና በከፍተኛ መልኩም ሲያበሳጫቸው ነው መሰለኝ፣ „ታድያ ምን ትሆን፣ በቃ የተጠቀምንበትን እየገደልንና በአዲስም እየለወጥን ይሄው በስልጣን ላይ አለን፣ 20 ቢሞት 30 ይወለዳል፣ እንዳንተ አይነቱ ሰው በገፍ ለምን ሞተ ቢለንም፣ እኛ ግን የሞቱትንም አናስታውሳቸውም እንዲያው ረስተናቸዋል፣ ትግሉንም ረስተነዋል፣ ስለሆነም ያለፈውን እልቀት እያስታወስክ አታሰልቸን“ እንደ ማለትም እየቃጣቸው ነው :: እነሆ ያራሳቸው ቃል፣

    “With our high birth rates and correspondingly young populations your laments of past atrocities are already forgotten by them; most of the population will have no personal memory of the struggle at all”

    past atrocities መካሄዳቸውን ያምናሉ፣ ግን እርሱት ነው የሚሉን ያሉት እነ አቶ ለሆዴ አደርኩኝ::
    የማይገባቸው ጉዳይ ግን፣ ግፍ እንኳንስ ትላንትና ደርሶ ሲያበቃና ዛሬም ለመቆሙ ምንም ዋስትና የሌለው ሆኖ ኣያለ ይቅርና፣ ስንቶቹ የአለም ህዝቦች ከመቶዎችና ከሺዎች አመታት በፊት የደረሰ ግፍም (ከአየርላንድ ጀምሮ እስከ አቦርጂኒ እና ወወዘተ በየአመቱ እንደሚያብሉትና) እንደማይረሳ ነው:: ግፍ እንደገና እንዳይደገም ደግሞ ዋስትናው የትላንትናውን ግፍ አለመርሳት መሆኑንም The TPLF ቃል አቀባዮች አልሰሙምን? ይሄን ሰምተው ቢሆን ኖሮ፣ ለመሆኑ ተገትረን ግፍ ይረሳ ዘንዳ ስንሟገት አለሙስ ምን ይለናል ባሉ ነበር! TPLFፎች፣ it is time to change your ቃል አቀባይ፣ የተሻለ ይዞታ እንኳን እኔ እንጃ፣ ግን ቢያንስ በስም! ውጭ ያላችሁት የቀድሞ የህወሓት በተለይም የአመራር አካሎችም ስለዚህ ጉዳይ ድምፃችሁን ማሰማትና በተለይ የትግራይን ህዝብ ባጠቃላይም የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ ይቅርታ መጠየቅና ንስሃም መግባት ያስፈልጋል:: እኛ በቦታው ተገኝተን የትግሉ ተሳታፊዎች ያልነበርን ወገኖቻችሁም፣ ትግል ሲባል ብዙ ውጥንቅጥና ውጥረት ያለበት ተግባር ለመሆኑና ዝም ብሎ የዛሬዎቹ የሻራቶን ቱጃሮችና ቅጥረኞቻቸው እንደሚያካሂዱት የአዲስ አበባ የቀለበት መንገድ ሃይወይ ጉዞ መሽከርከር አለመሆኑና፣ አብዛኛዎቻችሁ ውጥረት ውስጥ ገብታችሁ የደረሰባችሁ ጉዳይ ለመሆኑ እንገነዘባለን፣ ጀግንነታችሁንም ከልብ እናደንቃለን እንወደዋለንም:: የሜዳ ተግባራትን አስመልክቶ ከነ ራስ አሉላ በላይ ሁሉም መጥቃችሁ በመገኘታችሁ በእናንተ እንተማመናለን:: ከጭንጋፎች ጋራ በመተላለክ ይሁን ወይንም በሆነ ውጥረታዊ ሁናቴ ውስጥ በመግባት ግን በጀግንነት ተግባራት ላይ የሆኑ ስህተቶችም ሳይገኙ አልቀሩምና፣ በምን አይነት ሁናቴ ምን እንደተፈጠረ ብታስረዱን ልንገነዘባችሁ ከእኛ የበለጠ ፈቃደኛ የለምና፣ ግድ የላችሁም የናንተንና የህዝባችንን ታሪክ ተባብረን ከማንም ማጅራት መቺ የነበረ ቅጥረኛና ከኋላ መጥቶ ጀግኖች ሞተዋልና በቃ እርስዋቸው ከሚለን የታሪክን ስም አጉዳፊ እናድነው::

    በርግጥ ጭንጋፉ ሟቻቸውም ከ21 ዓመታት በፊት አዲስ አበባ ገና ከመድረሱ እነ መስፍን ወልደማርያንምን እና ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂን ሰብስቦ (የሰው ሂይወት ቢያልፍ እንቅጭም የማይላቸው ለመሆናቸው እርግጠኛ በመሆን፣ ለምን ቢባል መስፍን የነመንግስቱ የግድያ አማካሪ እንደነበረና ኢሳያስም የመግደል ዋናው ሃዋርያቸው መሆኑን ስለሚያውቁ ነው) ለሌሎች ኢትዮጵያውያንም፣ እናንተም እንደዚሁ ሁኑ የሚለውን መልእክት ስያተላልፍ „የነገውን እንጂ የትላንትናውን አናስብም“ ይላል:: መለትም „ያለህ የሌለህ የአዲስ አበባ ወንጀለኛ ሆይ፣ ከዛሬ ጀምረህ እኛን ካገለገልክ የትላንትናውን ወንጀልህን አናገላብጥብህም“ ነበር መልእክቱ:: ለነገሩ አዲስ ተላላኪን አዲስ አበባ ውስጥ እያፈላለጉ ባሉበት ጊዜና ለማግኘታቸው ግን ገና እርግጠኛ እስካልሆኑ ጊዜ ድረስ፣ የትግራይን ህዝብ ወደ መቐለ ብቅ እያሉ „ወርቅ ህዝባችን፣ እንደ ወርቅ በእሳት የተፈተነ“ እያሉ ነበር ወደ አዲስ አበባ ለዘበኝነት የሚጠሩት:: አሁን ግን ባላዲስ በቂ ዘበኛ አገኙ መሰለኝ፣ ታድያ ምን ዘላለምህን ሰው አትግደሉ ትለናለህ፣ ሰው ቢገደል በሰው ይለወጣል፣ ትላንት የሞተ ደግሞ ዛሬ ይረሳል፣ በአዲስም ይለወጣል ብለው ጭራሽ የሰውን ልጅ ምንነትና ክብርን ወደ ቁጥር ለውጠውት እያረፉት ነው::
    ያላሰቡበትና እያመንሉን ያሉት ጉዳይ ግን በገዛ ራሳቸው ወንጀለኞች ለመሆናቸውና በሌላ በኩል ደግሞ ወደ መድረክ ብቅ በማለት ከነኢሳያስ ጋራም እንደሚተዋወቁ ለመግለፅ ድፍረት ካገኙት ወንጀለኞች እነ ካሳ ከበደ ጋራ ተመሳሳይ ደረጃ ላይ እንደሚገኙ ለጠቅላላው የአለም ህብረተ ሰብ እየመሰከሩ መሆኑን ነው::

    ያሳዝናል፣ በሞራል ኤቲክ የታነፁት ኢትዮጵያውያን አንገታቸውን ቀርቀር-ቀርቀር የሚያደርጉበትና የግፍ አቀንቃኞች ግን ፖርታል-መድረኮችን የሚቆጣጠሩበት ጊዝያቶች ላይ መገኘታችን!

  44. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth. Korrektiv Therapeut
    | #44

    And last but not least, to the “champions” of ጋዓታዊ Theory,

    በእኛው ፈለግ ተከትላችሁ የትላንት አጋስስ ትምክህተኞችንና የዛሬን …… ጥርቃሜዎችን በማጋለጣችሁ ተደስተንባችኋል::

    ግን እስኪ ደግሞ ምናልባት በመንግስታችን ወጪ, Main Plaza ዘንዳ የገዝዋቸው ክፍሎች ውስጥ, ድጎማዊ የሳምንታት እረፍት ካደረጋችሁ, ጀርመኖቹን ተከትላችሁ, Please explain us what the difference between “instrumentelle VERFLACHUNG” and the dialektic of “Ich, das wir, und wir, das ich ist”

    For reference: in addition to አቶ google, for the beginning please use “Abay Rebel” and “Alem” on board, but not any other ሓሳድ from outside. እየመጠቃችሁ ስትመጡ ግን እንዳሻችሁ:: አደራ ግን ሰው እንዳይሰለችብን ሲባል መጀመርያ ላይ ትንታኔው ከ10 ገፃት እንዳይበዛ! እየመጠቃችሁ ስትመጡ ግን እንዳሻችሁ:: Ha..Ha..Ha…..! ይሄንን አባባላችንን በአካል on board ተገኝተን ብናካፍላችሁ በመረጥን ነበር!! ግን ከእኛ በበለጠ እንደምታውቁት ማሌሊታዊት ህወሓት soft- and hardwareችን ከገዛችበት ሰዓታት ጀምራ, እርስዋም ከሩቅ ከየሰዉ ጀርባ ተከውላ እንደ አጋስሶቹ “ምርጥ-ምርጦችን” ብቻ “ለዴሞክራሲ” ስለምታበቃ, ከሩቅ ሆነን ካለ ምንም ከለላ ሃሎ ልንላችሁ የግዴታ ሆነ! ይሄንን አባባላችንን ግን ለማሌሊት ባታስነብቡብን መልካም ነው እንላለን:: ለምን የሚለውን ጥያቄ ካስከተላችሁም, መልሱ “ለስደተኛ አህያ ማር አይጥማት” ስለሚሆን ነዋ!

  45. aha1
    | #45

    Borasimo @#36 is correct in most of his statements, except the phrases in single qotations marks such “new Ethiopiawinet” should read “True Ethiopiawinet” Ethiopia which has been the ‘prison of the oppressed nations and nationalities and peoples”, since the TPLF/eprdf regime took over power from the Derg Military dictatorship, should read “prison of the silent majority of Ethiopians”, under Ethiopian Nationalism of Ethiopia as a one nation state with the goals for unity, territorial integrity of Ethiopia and Ethiopians. The TPLF/eprdf regime is a coalition of the two tiers teletafi parties of ex-liberation fronts, which fought the previous regimes against oppression of nations and nationalities with the current ethnic secessionist factions of the ex-liberation fronts standing for secessionism up to independence based on the newly demarcated political boundaries under article 46. While those opposition party coalition with implicit support for the constitution upon the present Killil administration engaged in a peaceful struggle with the TPLF/eordf regime for respect of ethnic rights, “yekillil Mentats iqulinet Mebit mekeber, human rights and democracy as common denominators, where democracy super imposed over ethnic rule/ethnocracy. The clear distinction in Ethiopian politics in the last 24 years the are the results of TPLF manifesto is between Ethiopian Nationalism and Ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or State capitalism. Once that confrontation is resolved through a peaceful and armed struggle in favor of Ethiopian nationalism followed by ratification of the constitution, alignment of parties along the national agenda rather than ethnic agenda and creation of independent branches of government and press freedom and democratic institution are reinstated with individual freedom as the center piece of the constitution with allowance of freedom of speech everything falls in place to develop the human and national resources of Ethiopia by Ecological regions with private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia as one of the means of production in a free market capitalism/economy.

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