Then and Now: A Rejoinder to my Critics By Messay Kebede

February 4th, 2016 Print Print Email Email

In the last article I posted, titled “Unity Overrides Everything,” I urged the Amhara to join the ongoing Oromo protests even if their reluctance is understandable in the face of the protests being confined to ethnic issues. Some of my readers did not like my appeal, arguing that the protests did not assume a national content and were anything but inclusive. In the many emails I received, the absence of references to Ethiopia and Ethiopian people was cited as the main reason that prevented and still prevents the Amhara from closing ranks with the Oromo.

Such an objection is for me quite disturbing. The most important complaint of the Oromo is that the Ethiopian discourse has always marginalized their contribution and identity in favor of a unilateral assimilation that favored Amhara and Tigreans. The demand that Oromo protesters turn their issues into a national or Ethiopian cause seems to repeat the past practice. Following the inescapable reality of the political fragmentation of the country, the Oromo rose up for their own cause, sacrificed their life, and now they are told that they should transfer their heroic deeds to the larger Ethiopian entity even though that entity remained aloof! I want to remind that most of the young Oromo protesters have no idea of Ethiopia as a unitary nation: as the established political system forces them to do, they see Ethiopia as a collection of different nations. Just as Kenyans are not expected to fight for Ethiopians, so too it is not surprising if the Oromo present their demands in terms of Oromo concerns.

The request to append the label “Ethiopia” to the protests is an invitation to commit historical robbery; more importantly, it forgets that Oromo courageous fight against the TPLF machine is how they rehabilitate themselves and become makers of their own history and, through them, of the history of Ethiopia. Clearly, such a request lacks fairness, to say the least. Who would blame the Amhara if they turn their protest against the ceding of tracts of land in Gondar to Sudan into an Amhara issue? Instead, what they should worry about in case protests break out is whether the Oromo will show the same solidarity as the Amhara have displayed to the Oromo. As the Amharic saying goes, the game is “ነግ በኔ”.
Those who expect the Oromo to rebel by assuming the Ethiopian identity forget that the notion of Ethiopia as a unitary nation has receded since the TPLF and the EPLF defeated the Derg and the former implemented the system of ethnic federalism. The fight for a unitary nation should have been waged while the TPLF was battling the Derg. It is now too late and there is no going back. Going back would mean war and, if the Ethiopian state survives, the cost would be the institution of another dictatorial system. How else, if not by blood and fire, would you impose unity after two decades of unrestricted ethnicization?

My unhappy readers seem to be sulking like a child moping in a corner after his wish has been denied. You do not present conditions when people rise and fight an oppressor that also happens to be your own oppressor. You join the fight and only then can you make the issue of unity a common cause. Those who simply watch cannot present conditions to people being beaten, killed, and imprisoned. To make your support conditional is to forget that you are also chained, beaten, killed, and imprisoned by the same oppressor. I find it strange, I repeat, that the sharing of the same fate with the Oromo does not trigger the sense of solidarity.

Nor do I understand how those who rightly claim to be the creators of modern Ethiopia, namely, Amhara elites––of course, in partnership with the Oromo, as evinced by the prominent role of Ras Gobena and other Oromo leaders, to remind those who would be tempted to forget it––do not come to the forefront of the fight for Ethiopia instead of making their intervention conditional on the acceptance of their demands. To pose conditions eliminates the unconditional commitment to Ethiopia, which is precisely what they accuse the Oromo of lacking. If you want an unconditional commitment to Ethiopia, then begin by showing your own unrestricted dedication by joining the Oromo despite the missing Ethiopianism, for only thus you can win them over.

To present condition is also to endorse the divided-and-rule police of the TPLF. Indeed, in being bystanders in this trying and crucial moment for the Oromo, what message are we sending to them? Are we not telling them that their cause and their atrocious mistreatment are not of our concern? How would they feel Ethiopian when those who claim to be Ethiopian turn their back on them? This is to say that the Oromo uprising gives us the unique opportunity both to defeat the TPLF and forge a new unity by our struggle against the common oppressor. Let us remake Ethiopia, this time through the concrete solidarity and unity of the oppressed!

  1. yebbo
    | #1

    Prof Messay,
    I appreciate your contribution to the debate. One thing we have to remember is the fact that eviction, land grabbing, massacre by tplf ethno fascists did not start at the recent uprising of Ethiopians (you call them oromo)in the neighbouring districts and villages to Addis Abeba.
    We recall the massacres , evictions, humiliations of 100s of 1000s of Ethiopians in the south and west of Ethiopia by tplf/olf gangsters as the ethnicisation of the country by these ruthless fascists took hold. people were segregated into their ethnic group and singled out and shot in cold blood. then the rest of us simply watched from the side lines and accepted these atrocities as if these are the ways we should now live.
    Tplf even erected a statue of a mutilated body of a woman to remind the oromo of what the amhara / Menelik did to them. this is the hard reality in the ground. Tplf is working 24/7 to put people at each others throat and to incite inter ethnic violence and civil war. tplf is constantly fuelling the fire of ethnic hatred using graphic means and through the use of violence and ethnic propaganda.

    The same type of massacre is happening now. Tplf are going their rounds, one ethnic group after another. what they have done before they are doing it again and again. Because tplf have seen that no organised united force exists in the country to oppose and to stand up to them. tplf have managed to to ethnicise the the people and made them think interms of their ‘ethnic group’.

    What we should do is not blaming one ethnic group or another for our failure to unite. we have all failed miserably, and we all have our own reasons. I see no body accepting responsibility and for the collective failure. instead every body is saying I am more important that others, my issues are more important.etc etc.

    What all this shows is that we have lost focus of the main issues and we spend a lot more time bickering, blaming one another. we are doing a great job for Tplf thugs and looters, and ultimately, we are all losers. Please grow up and come up with a vision for the benefit of all of us.
    we expect more from people like you, Prof Messay.

  2. Dawi
    | #2

    Prof. Messay said:

    [[..The fight for a unitary nation should have been waged while the TPLF was battling the Derg. It is now too late and there is no going back. Going back would mean war and, if the Ethiopian state survives, the cost would be the institution of another dictatorial system..]]

    That may be true but, Ethiopian nationalists don’t have to help strengthen the “ethnic federation” at this juncture either because that is what you end up doing. Supporting “Developmental State” by passes ethnic politics with all its draw backs. Meles showed the way by passing the torch to HD a non TPLF. Helping & Strengthening HD is a obviously a different route to take.

    Prof. Worku said it in no uncertain terms the same thing by pointing out who thy father & mother of ethnic politics is:

    “ethnic nationalism, propagated both by the government and the opposition ethnic parties, has badgered, battered, and wounded national unity in Ethiopia so much so that the EPLF, the pioneer of ethnic politics, appears poised to reap the seeds of instability it had sown fifty years ago. After 25 years of being attacked relentlessly, national unity in Ethiopia has been effectively undermined, if not completely destroyed.”

    Rene Lefort said it differently and advised EPRDF what to do:

    “This culture is one of centralization. But real federalism couldn’t be beyond reach. Oromya shows that it is becoming an absolute requirement…… at least a full reconstruction of OPDO, and probably ANDM as well. Otherwise, it is to be feared that the inter-nation relationship would become even more critical, with young Oromo activists in particular deciding that the only choice is armed struggle because nothing could be achieved by political means.”

    So, everyone seem to give up on “centralization” face of EPRDF and are in the band wagon for it to implement the “constitution they love”?; nothing more.

    The “developmental state” by nature circumvented the “ethnic federation” in my view but,”Ethiopian nationalists”, and one of the last one standing just gave in to “ethnic federation”. Prof. Berhanu of G7 done same as well. It is not good in my view.

  3. Ermiyas Abule
    | #3

    Messay Kebede said “I urged the Amhara to join the ongoing Oromo protests even if their reluctance is understandable in the face of the protests being confined to ethnic issues….If you want an unconditional commitment to Ethiopia, then begin by showing your own unrestricted dedication by joining the Oromo despite the missing Ethiopianism, for only thus you can win them over.” I say very few fortunate people who got internet access read what Messay kebede writes, Even out of those very few fortunate ones half of them do not live where there is an Oromo movement to join so I don’t know what he expects from writing but I think his writing will not make a big difference on how many Amara people or any people awill join. .

    February 6th 2016 3pm to midnight 4335 16th street NW Washington DC ,20011
    OLF invites all Oromos to discusss the current situation.

  4. Dawi
    | #4

    Armiyas said:

    [[..February 6th 2016 3pm to midnight 4335 16th street NW Washington DC ,20011 OLF invites all Oromos to discuss the current situation…]]

    Thanks a lot OLFite! :-)

    Now even OLF, the creator of “ethnic federation” is emboldened to come upfront & calling for “Ethiopian Nationalists” to come to join it in its sectarian meetings. Way to go!

    Who needs MEDREK or Merera of Oromo federalists anymore?

    The “enemy of my enemy is our friend”. Right? but you are not fooling anyone brothers and sisters, because EPRDF is hip to it and before you know what hit you, shall align itself to the letter of the “constitution” in a dime.

    The speed of the “developmental state” towards democratization of the country however, shall slow down but nothing fundamental changes.

  5. Shiferaw
    | #5

    Ethiopian intellectuals and opposition forces failed to learn from their mistake
    in supporting the Eritrean cause that ended up by splitting the country in two. N
    ow this same groups are making the same historic mistake by echoing OLF causes. W
    hy do the Amhara support the OLF that openly persecutes them?

  6. dodo
    | #6

    Why is Messay obsessed with the Amara.Why does he not ask other ethnics to join his Oromo movement A typical Diaspora arm chair critic, he has no clue about the reality on the ground in Addis Ababa. It is time for him to shut up because events have overtaken his views. It is better for him to stop shadow boxing on behalf of TPLF. What does he say about the worst drougt and famine of the past 50 Years! what does he say about the absolute rent sesking corruption of the TPLF hot shots and top brass in Addis Ababa (his favorite topic) What can he say about the galloping inflation and economic collapse which has sent millions into poverty. Messay please stop your esotoic regurtration.

  7. JOHN
    | #7

    TPLF Is a Zionist agent. The entire social, cultural, economical, and political and finally the spiritual architecture is designed and organized that way. Infiltration, perversion, deception, bribe, blackmail are the main tools to carry out this diabolical scheme. EPRDF is a cover for TPLF. Likewise TPLF is a cover. TPLF at the core is a Zionist agent. Only very few adepts are privy to this diabolical scheme. Ethiopians now tend to understand the general situation in Ethiopia this way.Ethinc politics is just a means to this end.As for addis ababa and oromia case the cause is Ethnic federalism.This is the big picture and we are all pawns in this big game.Addis Abababa master plan is intended to gradually evict non-Tigreans.It is a systematic ethnic cleansing.Greater Ethiopia has gradually diminished and changed in to greater Addis Ababa which is the result of thnic federalism.Ethnic federalism works for TPLF but does not work for Ethiopians.Do not worry to please every body but try to speak the truth and only the truth.

  8. Bona
    | #8

    You vampires and serpents TPLF if you are serious about ethnic killil Tigre peoples have to leave central Ethiopia and other parts of Ethiopia ASAP.Central Ethiopia or Showa belongs only to Showa Amharas and Showa Oromos.Why you stay in Addis Ababa? Why not go to Tigray you have already liberated.You TPLFites please Asa Gorgari Zendo Yawetal endayihonbachihu Tetenikeku.

  9. Bona
    | #9

    ከ1997 ምርጫ በኋላ ወደ አዲስ አበባ ከፈለሱት የክልል ነዋሪዎች መካከል ከ87 በመቶ በላይ የትግራይ ተወላጆች እንደሆኑ አንድ የስታትስቲክስ ባለስልጣን ባለሙያ ጠቆሙ። ቁጥሩ የሚያሳየው ባግባቡ ከሃብትና ንብረት፣ ወይም ከመተዳደሪያ ጋር የተመዘገቡትን ብቻ እንደሚያካትት ባለሙያው አመልክተዋል። ከዘጠና በመቶ በላይ ከሌሎች ክልሎች ወደ አዲስ አበባ የሚፈልሱት የእለት ጉርስ ፍለጋ ነው።

    በኢንቨስትመንት ስም በሚፈናቀሉ ዜጎች ኮቴ፣ በኮንደሚኒየም ቤቶች ዝውውር፣ መከላከያ፣ ደህንነትና ሁሉንም ዓይነት የፖሊስ ተቋማት ጨምሮ በመንግሥት መስሪያ ቤቶች ቅጥርና በመሳሰሉት ሰፊ ቁጥር ያላቸው የትግራይ ተወላጆች ወደ አዲስ አበባ ተምመዋል፤ እየተመሙም ናቸው። እንደባለሙያው የሌሎች ክልል ተወላጆች በስፋት ወደ አዲስ አበባ ቢፈልሱም፣ የትግራይ ተወላጆችን ልዩ የሚያደርገው “አቅም እየተፈጠረላቸው መሆኑ ላይ ነው”።

    “ለምሳሌ” ይላሉ ባለሙያው “ለምሳሌ ከደቡብ ክልል በርካታ ቁጥር ያላቸው ታዳጊዎች አዲስ አበባ ይታያሉ። እነዚህ ታዳጊዎች በጫማ ማጽዳት (ሊስትሮ) እና በጉልበት ሥራ ላይ የተሰማሩ ናቸው። ኑሯቸውም አንድ ቤት በጅምላ በመከራየት ነው። በተመሳሳይ በርካታ ቁጥር ያላቸው የጎጃም ጎረምሶች የሊስትሮ ሳጥን ላይ ህይወታቸውን መስርተዋል”።

    ንፅፅሩ ያለው የፍልሰቱ አይነት ላይ እንደሆነ ያመለከቱት ባለሙያ ይህ መሰሉ አስደንጋጭ ልዩነት በገሃድ እንዲጠናና በዳታ ተዘግቦ እንዲቀመጥ ፍላጎት አለመኖሩን አመልክተዋል። የተጠቀሰውን አኻዝ ከሌሎች የምዝገባ መረጃ (ዳታ) ላይ የተወሰደ መሆኑንንም ተናግረዋል።

    ሳሪስ ከኤካፍኮ ችፑድ ፋብሪካ ጀርባ ሃዲዱን ተሻግሮ አንድ ክፍል ቤት ለስድስት ተከራይተው የሚኖሩ የደቡብ ክልል ታዳጊዎች መካከል አንዱ ሰብስቤ ይባላል። ሽምብራ እየለቀመ ነበር። ጠዋት ሽምብራ ይገዛና ለቀሞ፣ አንገርግቦ፣ ቆልቶ ወደ ገበያ ያመራል። ዓላማው ትንሽ ገንዘብ አጠራቅሞ ወደ ደቡብ አፍሪካ መሰደድ ነው።
    ምንጭ:mediaethiopia.com

    ፎቶው ለማሳያነት የቀረበ ነው – ምንጭ:mediaethiopia.com

    ስድስቱ ያንድ መንደር ልጆች አዋጥተው ኪራይ ይከፍላሉ። ኪራዩ በየጊዜው እየጨመረ በግል ሁለት መቶ ብር ይደርስባቸዋል። የጎልጉል ዘጋቢ በቤታቸው ተገኝቶ እንደተረዳው አራት በአራት በምትሆነው ክፍል ውስጥ የሚኖሩት ታዳጊዎች “ልማታዊ” ተብለው የሚሰየሙበት ጊዜ በነሱ የህይወት ዘመን የሚታሰብ አይመስልም። እነዚህ ወገኖች ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም የሚወከሉ ናቸው።

    ቦሌ ወሎ ሰፈር ባንድ የጫት መቃሚያ ቤት ውስጥ ተጠገቶ እየተላላከ ይኖር የነበረውና ሯጭ የመሆን ህልም የነበረው ጎይቶም የፈለሰው ከትግራይ ነበር። አንገቱን የሚደፋውና ብዙ የማይናገረው ጎይቶም በብዛት ከኦሮሚያ ቢሮዎች ጫት “ለመብላት” የሚመጡ ይወዱት ነበር። ገንዘብም ይሰጡት ነበር። ስራም ለማስገባት ሞከረው ነበር። ተሳክቶላቸው የኦሮሚያ ሥራና ከተማ ልማት ሠራተኛ አድርገውት ነበር።

    ጎይቶምን እጅግ ከሚወዱት መካከል አንዱ ነው። ስለ ጎይቶም ጥላውን እየተጠራጠረ እንዲህ አለ።

    “ … ጎይቶምን አንድ ቀን ጌቱ ገለቴ ህንጻ ውስጥ ዌስተርን ዩኒየን የገንዘብ ማስተላለፊያ ቢሮ ውስጥ አገኘሁት። ፍጹም ተለውጧል። ሰውነቱ ሊፈርጥ የቀረበ ፓፓዬ መስሏል። አንገቱና እጁ ላይ ያጠለቀው የወርቅ ሰንሰለት በግድ የሚታይ ነው። ከሱ በፊት ወርቁን በመገረም እንዳየሁለት በሚረዳ መልኩ ፈገግ አለ። አቅፎ ሳመኝ። ራበኝ ሲል ስለማበላው፣ ልብሴን ስለምሰጠው፣ የሱን ኑሮ ለመቀየር ብዙ ጉዳዮችን እንጫወት ስለነበር፣ ሳይነገረኝ ድንገት መሰወሩ እንዳሳፈረው ገባኝ … ”

    ጎይቶም ሁመራ ሰሊጥ ላኪ መሆኑን፣ በጫት ቤት ውስጥ ስራ እንደነበረው፣ አምስት ወር ሙሉ ጫት ቤት ምስኪን መስሎ የኖረው ለስራ እንደ ነበርና አሁን ጥሩ ሃብታም መሆኑን … ለቀድሞ ወዳጁ አጫውተው። ጎይቶም የህወሃት ሰው ሲሆን ስራውም ሰላይነት ነበር። ጫት ቤት!!

    ወይዘሮ ኪሮስ በ1997 ምርጫ ወቅት በሌሊት የድምጽ መስጫ ኮሮጆ ሲሰርቁ ተይዘዋል። ባለቤታቸው ደላላ ሲሆኑ የቀበሌ ምክር ቤት አባል ናቸው። ስድስት ልጆች ሲኖራቸው ተክለሃይማኖት አካባቢ እጥርጥር ጋቢ በመሸጥ ይታወቃሉ። ዛሬ ሁሉም ልጆቻቸው ሥራ ይዘዋል። ባለቤታቸው ገልባጭ መኪና ገዝተዋል። ምንጩ በማይታውቅ ገንዘብ ቤታቸው ተፈውሷል። ጎረቤቶቻቸው ግን እንዳሉ አሉ።

    havesመሬታቸውን በሳንቲም ካሳ አስረክበው የበይ ተመላካች የሆኑ ብዙ ናቸው። ጁነዲን ሳዶን እየረገመ፣ በቁጭት ከንፈሩን እየነከሰ ቀን እንደሚጠብቅ የሚናገረው ወጣት የለገጣፎ ነዋሪ ነው። ካንትሪ ክለብ የገነባቸውን ቪላዎች እያሳየ “መሬታችን እዚህ ነበር” አለ። “በሚሊዮኖች የሚቸበቸቡ ቪላዎችን እያየን አለን” ተነፈሰና “መሬታችንን ራሳችን በስምምነት ብንሸጥ ምን ችግር አለው?” … ዝም አለ … አቋርጦ ጀመረ። “እናም እኛም ቪላዎቹም፣ ነዋሪዎቹም፣ ጉልበተኞቹም አለን” ሲል ነበር ምሬት የተቀላቀለበት ቅሬታውን የገለጸው።

    በተለያዩ የኦሮሚያ ከተሞች ከሚሰሙት ቅሬታዎች መካከል “ኢንቨስትመንቱ ሳይሆን ችግሩ አካሄዱ ነው” የሚሉት ይበረክታሉ። “ህወሃት አጥብቆ የሚፈራው የሸዋውን ኦሮሞ ስለሆነ አደህይቶ ሊያጠፋው ይፈለጋል። አስልሎ በራሱ መሬት ላይ ጭሰኛ ሊያደርገው ይተጋል” የሚሉት ክፍሎች ክልሉን በኢንቨስትመንት ስም እየተቀራመቱ ያሉት ባብዛኛው የህወሃት ሰዎች መሆናቸውን ይናገራሉ። የአየር ባየር ንግዱን ጨምሮ በባንክ ብድር የከበሩትም እነዚሁ ክፍሎች ስለመሆናቸውን ለማረጋገጥ ባንኮችን ጎራ ብሎ ማነጋገር በቂ መሆኑን ያክላሉ።

    የስታትስቲክስ ባለስልጣን ባለሙያው ከሚሉት ጋር በሚስማማ መልኩ አሁን የኦሮሚያ ማስተር ፕላን በሚል ያለው ዝግጅት “ምስኪኖችን በስፋት ከአዲስ አበባ ለመንቀልና አዲስ አበባ ላይ ህወሃት በቁጥር በልጦ ፖለቲካውን እና ኢኮኖሚውን የመዘወር አቅሙን ማጎልበት ነው” የሚል አስተያየት የሚሰጡም ይሰማሉ። በምንም ይሁን በምን ከላይ የተዘረዘሩት ጉዳዮችና ጠቋሚ ታሪኮች “ለማመጽ ከበቂ በላይ ምክንያቶች አሉ” የሚለውን አብይ ጉዳይ ለማመላከት ከባህሩ በቆርኪ የተጨለፉ ናቸው።

    በአዲስ አበባ የባንክና የህዝብ እዳ እየጮኸባቸው ከሚታዩት ህንጻዎች መካከል የአንዱ ባለቤት ናቸው። በውል የሚታወቁ ባለገንዘብ ናቸው። ሻጭ የቀድሞ ታጋይ ናቸው ተብለው የሚታሙ፤ ጊዜ አሳምሮ የሞሸራቸው ባለሃብት ናቸው።legetafo 7

    ከዚህ ጉዳይ ጋር በተያያዘ በግልጽ፣ በጥቅሉ ደግሞ በድለላ ስራው ላይ ችግር ስለሚፈጠርበት “አደራ” በማለት ለጎልጉል ዘጋቢ እንዳጫወተው የሁለቱ ባለጠጎች ድርድር አስገራሚ ነበር። ሻጭ ኑሯቸውን ከአገር ውጭ ማድረግ መፈለጋቸውን እንደ ምክንያት በማቅረብ ህንጻቸውን እንደሚሸጡ ይገልጻሉ።

    ቤተሰቦቻቸው ሙሉ በሙሉ አገር ቤት እንደማይኖሩና እሳቸውም ጠቅልለው የመሔድ አላማ እንዳላቸው የሚናገሩት ሻጭ፣ በዋጋው ላይ ልዩ ቅናሽ እንደሚያደርጉ ይገልጻሉ። ገዢም “አዎ አሁን እኮ ትልልቅ ግንባታ እየወረደ ነው” በማለት መደራደሪያቸውን እያቀረቡ ዋጋ እንዲቀንስላቸው ይጠይቃሉ። ሻጭ “ዋጋ አልወረደም፤ ግን ሻጭ ሊበረክት ይችላል” በማለት ትኩሳቱ እየጨመረ ስለመጣው ወቅታዊ ጉዳይ ስሜታቸውን ጠቆም አደረጉ። ሻጭ ከበዛ ዋጋ ሊቀንስ እንደሚችል ግን አልሸሸጉም።

    “ከፈለክ ተጨማሪ የባንክ ብድር አስፈቅጄልህ ከዛ ልትከፍልኝ ትችላለህ” በማለት ሻጭ ሲናገሩ፤ ገዢ “ለመሆኑ ህንጻው ስንት እዳ አለበት?” ሲሉ ጠየቁ። “ሞቶ” አካባቢ ነው ሲሉ ሻጭ መለሱ። አክለውም “ብድሩን እጥፍ አስደርግልሃለሁ” ሲሉ ቃል ገቡ። በግብይት የተጀመረው ጉዳይ ወደ ኢኮኖሚው ትኩሳት አመራ። በተለይም ኦሮሚያ ላይ የተከሰተው ችግር ብዙ ነገሮችን እንዳበላሸ ሻጭ ጠቆሙ። ኢንቨስትመንት አደጋ ውስጥ መውደቁን መስማታቸውን፣ በርካታ የውጭ ባለሃብቶች የስጋት ፍንጭ ማሳየታቸውን አወጉ። “አንተ ኦሮሞ ነህ፣ ችግር የለብህም …” ወዘተ በማለት ሻጭ የሳቸውንና የዘመዶቻቸውን ስጋት ተነፈሱ።

    የቪኦኤ የአማርኛ ድምጽ ሪፖርተር ሄኖክ ሰማእግዜር ከሁለት ሳምንት በፊት ያነጋገራቸው የኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን የበላዩ አለቃ አቶ ታደሰ አሁን የተፈጠረው “ግርግር” ምንም ችግር እንደማይፈጥር ጠቁመዋል። ሄኖክ “በአንዳንድ ቦታዎች ላይ ድንጋይ የመወርውር …” ሲል አቃልሎና አንኳሶ ላቀረበው ጥያቄ ኃላፊው የመለሱት “ዓላማ የለሾች፣ ተራ …” ወዘተ በማለት ነበር። “ችግር አይፈጥርም” የተባለውና “ከድንጋይ ውርወራ” ጋር የተነጻጸረው እጅግ በርካታ ሕይወት የቀጠፈው ዓመጽ እስካሁን አልበረደም፤ የሚበርድም አይመስልም!

    የበዪና የተበዪ ትዕይንቱ ቀጥሏል፤ አመጹም አላቆመም። ግፍ ተቆልሏል፤ ህወሃትም በጉልበቱ ገፍቶበታል። በመለስ ታርሶና ተኮትኩቶ የተሰናዳው “የዘር እርሻ” ጥቂቶችን እጅግ ባለጸጋ እና ባለዕድል ሲያደርግ እጅግ ብዙኃኑን ዕድለቢስና ፍጹም ደሃ አድርጓቸዋል፡፡ የማንነት ጥያቄ ኢትዮጵያን በአራቱም አቅጣጫ እየናጣት ነው፡፡ በኦሮሞ ከተሞች የቀጠለው ዓመጽና ተቃውሞ፤ የወልቃይት የማንነት ጥያቄ፤ “የአማራ ተስፋፊ” እያሉ የፕሮፓጋንዳ “ጄኖሳይድ” ሲያካሂዱ የነበሩ አሁን አናሳ የነበረችውን መሬታቸውን ለሪፐብሊክነት በማዘጋጀት “አገራዊ” ቅርጽ እያስያዙ መምጣታቸው፤ በመለስና ግብረአበሮቻቸው ትዕዛዝ በዘር ማጥፋት የነደደችው ጋምቤላ ድጋሚ በዘር ዕልቂት መዘፈቋ፤ በጸጥታ እየተፈጀ ያለው የኦጋዴን ሕዝብ፤ እጅግ አስከፊ እየሆነ ከመጣው ጠኔ፤ ችጋር እና ፍጹም ድህነት ጋር ተዳምረው ኢትዮጵያን የሚፈላ አፍላል አድርገዋታል፡፡ ዘላለማዊነትን የተጎናጸፉ የመሰላቸው “ሰላም ነው፤ ህዳሴ ነው፤ ዕድገት ነው፤ ሥራ ላይ ነን፤ አይሰማም፤ …” እያሉ አልበቃ ሲላቸው ደግሞ “ልክ እናስገባለን” በማለት አሁንም ይደነፋሉ፡፡

    “ከትንሹ እስከ ትልቁ ሰው፤ ሁሉም ለጥቅም የሚስገበገቡ ናቸው፤ … ሁሉም ያጭበረብራሉ፤ የሕዝቤን ቁስል እንደ ቀላል ቆጠሩ፤ እንዲፈወስም ተገቢውን እንክብካቤ አላደረጉለትም፤ ሰላምም ሳይኖር “ሰላም፤ ሰላም” ይላሉ፡፡ ስለ አጸያፊው ተግባራቸው አፍረዋል? ኧረ ጨርሶ ዕፍረት የላቸውም! ዕፍረት ምን እንደሆነ አያውቁም” እንዳለው ታላቁ መጽሐፍ የፍትሕ ሰይፍ በግፈኞች ላይ የሚመዘዝበት ጊዜ ሩቅ አይሆንም፡፡ የአባት ዕዳ ለልጅ ከመትረፉ በፊት ኢትዮጵያ ፈውስ ያስፈልጋታል፡፡

    http://www.goolgule.com/privileged-migrants-tplf-and-the-underprivileged-others/

  10. Gadaa
    | #10

    Well said prof Messay :)

    Posing condition to join or not to the largest nation in the Empire – the Oromoos would only help the Oromoos to re-construct their asåpration to form own country :)
    Otherwise Your pices of adise need to be considered by the empty unitarian . Oromo has been and reamin to be the key player on Empires affairs.

  11. haillie
    | #11

    Prof Messay,

    I think you lost it on this one. you demanded why are the other ethnic groups, especially the amhara not joining the oromo protest.
    Let’s just take, for the sake of argument, a gurage or a tigre or amhara peasant living in the deep countryside. How do you expect him to join the oromo protest?

    let’s even consider people living in towns and cities. How are they supposed to join the oromo protest.
    Are you being fair, Professor, blaming people like these, who are living under hell of Tplf , as it is, for not joining the oromo protest. do the average person even know there is an oromo protest, i wonder?

    secondly, the protests in Ethiopia are not confined to oromo killil. there are protests in Gambella, in Gondar, Bahir Dar, Dessie, Hawassa , Gamo Gofa and other regions. Ethiopians in every part of the country are battling against tplf fascists. we do not have to lament why oromo are not joining the gambella protest or the protest in Gondar. there is no need to say that. All we know is that Ethiopians of every ethnic , relegious , political orientation are doing their part in the fight against tplf fascist thugs and their local cadres. At some point , all these isolated and localised struggles will coalesce and lead to a nationwide uprising.
    Unfortunately, a coordinated nationwide uprising requires the leadership of a national political party that stands for justice, freedom, and democracy and able to lead the people from the front. Only if we do have such a political party, will the struggle of the people bear fruit. without a national political party leading and coordinating all the various protests and struggles taking place all over the country there cannot be victory.

    I am afraid ethnic liberation fronts like olf, tplf, onlf drff, kff, etc cannot provide such kind of leadership. they are not inclusive by their nature. no single ethnic liberation front can provide leadership at a national level.

    what do we do? at the moment we all are fighting against each other. we will all be destroyed together or survive peacefully together. the choice remains with us. we can stop the in fighting and pointing fingers and take responsibilty for our own action and work constructivelly with our fellow citizens or continue with the same old blame game and disappear together. No body will emerge winners.

  12. Ittu Aba Farda
    | #12

    I have read the article by this gentleman and the reactions by many critics with their comments where some of them were very detailed and to the easily-understood point. The opinions told by the critics are very diverse. Some of them are outright advocates of the regime back in the old country. I respect their inalienable rights to their opinions and I thank them for being frank about it. Such diverse opinion should be encouraged and must be provided with platforms where freedom rings. I, from the bottom of my heart, praise the moderators and editors of this esteemed website for letting such resourceful debate ride. I also congratulate and thank all those participators who posted their comments with no use vile and foul language directed at the author or other commentators. This is what we need, a civilized and dignified conversation/discussion. We should all be willing to swallow that healing medicinal pill by respecting others’ rights to their opinion. If there is a mess awaiting or already in the works back in the old country, a civil exchange of ideas is the only way out. Our history is full of facts/evidence that a lonely struggle for human/democratic right will not go any where to further the accord. Some of you may use Eritrea as an example. The only reaction you gain by reciting such a ‘success’ is a roaring laughter from the audience. You have the country that owns the most number of superlatives next to North Korea. Even that they did not do it alone. Al-Toweel is always grateful to the late PM Meles and his stubborn/fanatic fighters. Doing it alone will not cut the mustard. Also the attitude that depicts such threats and battle cries as ‘I will gouge your eyes out, I will throw you to hungry lions and be eaten alive and as some narrow nationalist bigots from my own ethnic group had threatened me with being hanged at the main square in Addis/Finfine when their indomitable freedom fighters march there all the way from the frigid cold Minnesota’ to those who come on this website to express their support for the government’s policies in civilized manner will make matters even worse. Thank you all for being cultured because we are all the products of very cultivated and glorious people. Right on y’all!!!!

  13. Dany
    | #13

    ዶክተር ከአክብሮት ጋር ካቀረቡት ጥሪ ጋር የማልስማማው አማራው በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ጎሳውን ተከትሎ የተደራጀ ሃይል አለው ወይ ? ልዩ አማራዊ የሆነ አጀንዳ አለው ወይ? ለራሱም ጊዳይ ሆነ የሌላውን ትግል ለመቀላቀል ተደራጅቶ ተሰሚነት ባለው የፓለቲካ ድርጅት እየተመራ ነው ወይ? ለኔ ግለሰብ ምሁራንን ካልሆነ በስተቀር ለጥያቄዎቹ ምልሶቼ አሉታዊ ነው.
    ባይሆን አማራው እንደ ማህበረሰብ የሚታወቀው, እየተጠላ ያለውም ኢትዮጵያዊነቱን.አንድነትን ማስቀደሙ ነው .ይህ ከሆነ ደግሞ ኢትዮጵያዊንትን እና አንድነትን የሚያስቀድሙ የሌላም ብሄረሰብ ተወላጆች ሥላሉ ‘አማራ ‘ ከማለት ይልቅ የአድነት ሃይሎች (unionists), ኢትዮጵያዊነትን የሚያስቀድሙ ሃሎች ወይም ዜጎች ቢሉ የብለጠ ስሜት የሚሰጥና እና ወደ እውነት የተቃረበ ይሆናል.

  14. A.D.
    | #14

    Why is it the question of an individual Oromo the question of the entire ethnic group. All those protesters may not have a direct connection to the misdeeds and the mischief, yet, are joining their brothers and sisters. Well with the same logic why can’t we make a question of one ethnic group a question of the entire nation. Why is it Ormo’s matters always Oromo’s only. It doesn’t require one to aline along the same ethnic line to judge what is fair and what is not. You still sound less logical when you appeal for Amhara to join the protests and at the same time support current protests presenting matters along ethnic lines. How long does it take to acknowledge that Ormoiya is part of Ethiopia and not the other way round.

  15. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth.
    | #15

    The መዕጠይጠይቲ-aka „የኛ“ Zaudererያውያን ሆይ….!

    በመጀመርያ ነገር ለምን መዕጠይጠይቲ የሚለውንና የፀሃፊውን ተግባራዊ ሁናቴን በትክክል በትግርኛ የሚገልፀው አባባል precise የሆነ ቃል ባማርኛ ስላላገኘንለትና፣ ግን እንዲሁም ሆኖ ትግርኛ ለማይገባቸው ወገኖቻችን በማሰብ zauderer የሚለውንና በጀርመንኛ በትክክልም የትግርኛውን ቃሉ የሚተረጉመውን አባባል መርጠን ለመተባበር ተገደድን? ( zaudererንን ደግሞ ኮምፕዩተሩ ወደ እንግሊዘኛቸው ይተረጉምላቸዋልና በዚህ ላይ ብዙም ሃሳብ አይገባብንም!) ምናልባት ተርበችባች የሚለውና በመጠኑም ቢሆን ፀሃፊው ለሚገኝበት ሁናቴ ቀረብ ብሎ የሚገልፀውን የአማርኛን ቃል መጠቀም ይቻል ነበር:: ተርበችባች የሚለው አማርኛ ግን እንደ ስድብም የመሰለ ስሜትን ሲያዝል፣ ትግርኛው ምዕጥይጣይ ግን በጣምም ሳይሳደብ ሁናቴውን ብቻ ስለሚያንፀባርቅ ነው:: መርበትበት ከሚለው የአማርኛው ቃል ይልቅ ምዕጥይጣይ የሚለው የትግርኛው ቃል መሳይ ከበደን precisely እንደሚገልፀው እንደ እኛው ትግርኛንና አማርኛን በእኩልነት የሚመልኩትና ኢዛናንም እንኳን ሳይቀር የክርስትናን ሃይማኖት በምድረ ኢትዮጵያችን እንዲስፋፋ ስላደረገ እንደ „ጅል ትግሬ“ የሚቆጥሩት እነ Addissu Koch, aka እንጀራችንን በልተው ያደጉ ተናካሽ ውሾቻችንም ሳይቀሩ ይመሰክራሉ!

    ለዚያም ደግሞ ከዚያ የበሽቃጣ ዝቃጮች „ድረገፅ“ ሆኖ በመንጠራራት እኮ ነው ፣ He called him „ጅል ትግሬ“፣ Ha..Ha…! (በግዛቴ እንኳንስ ሰው እንሰሳም ይታዘዛል እንዳላለ ይመስል፣ ዛሬ ግን አመድ በዱቄት ይስቃል እንዲሉት፣ ጅል ትግሬ ተባለ!) I think politeness is over there strictly forbidden! ዓንሰብ እንኳን እንደለመደው ሲሽቀረቀር ዊኪፕዲያ ውስጥ ሁሉ ገብቶ ሲያበቃ፣ ኢዛናን ኤርትርዊ ለመሆኑና ጥቂት የአሁኗ ኢትዮጵያ ግዛቶችንም የግዛቱ አካል እንደነበር አትቷል፣ እንዲያው ዝም ብሎ እንዲሁ በቃ! ወይ እንደ ወልደአብ ወልደማርያም ካለበለዝያም እንደ ኢሳያስ አይነት የፅዮን ልጅ ግዛቶቹ እስከ አዱሊስና ድባርዋ የነበረ ብሎ ያለ መሰላችሁ እንዴ! እንዲህ አይነቶች እየበዙ መምጣት ጀምረዋል፣ ባለፉት ሳምንታት ላይ ያው ሁላችሁም እንዳያችሁት፣ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ majority ብሄረሰብ መሆኑን ምናልባት ያልሰሙ „ጅል ትግሬዎች“ ተቀላቅለው ሊጨምሩበት መነሳታቸውን አይቸ፣ ልክ ያኔ መለስ ዜናዊ፣ የኢትዮጵያን ገንዘብ ከእርሱ ነጥቆ በመቀበል በገዳርፍዋ እንታይዶስ ከመይዶስ ሊያስተዳድረው እንደወሰነ የመቐለው ስብሰባቸው ውስጥ በህዝብ መሃከል ሲያረዳው ስብሓት ነጋ የደረሰበት ዓይነት ስ ን ባ ደ-መደናገጥ ነገር ደርሶብኝ፣ ልክ እንደ ስብሓት ከተቀመጥኩበት ተነስቸ „እንታይ….!“ አሰኘኝ! ይሁን እሺ ያ-የኮረሙ ሰውዬስ ያው በቀዳማዊው የጋላ ወረራ ጊዜ መጥቶ እኛ ዘንዳ ሰፍሮ ሲያበቃና፣ እኛም ወደድንም ጠላንም አፋችንን ዘግተን ሁናቴውን ተቀብለንና እርሱንም አቅፈነው ስንኖር፣ እርሱ ግን ለካስ DNAው ውስጥ-ውስጡን እየሳበው ወደ ኦሮሞነት ልስተካከል እድል አግኝቶና ምናልባት ዳግማይ የጋ… ወረራም ሊያስከትልብን አስቦ ሳይሆን አይቀርም! እነዚያ የቀሩት አብዛኞቹ በደደቢት በኩል ያለፉት“ ጂል ትግሬዎች“ ሁላን አሳስቶ፣ ደደቢት ነቀምቴ አካባቢም አለና ግድ የላችሁም ብሏቸው ነው እንጂ፣ እስኪ ምን ይሉታል Paris ውስጥ „እኔ እንታይዶስ ከመይዶስ, Je suis Paris “ ይባላል ብለውና ቻልንበት ተብሎ ነው እንጂ፣ እኛ ደቂ ፅዮንም በጭቁኖች ጎን እንቆማለን፣ እንኳንስ የሰው ልጅ ይቅርና አፅዋትና እንሰሶችም ሲበደሉ ማየት አይወድልንምና በጎናችሁ እንቆማለን አይሉም እንዴ! የChamoleon ጠባይን አንጠልጥለው „እኛም ……..“ ለማለት ምን አንደረደራቸው!? በሉ ለወደፊቱ ልብ በሉ እንኳንስ ተሳስተን ይቅር እና፣ ጎረቤትህን እንደ ራስህ ውደድ የሚለውን ህሊና በምድረ ኢትዮጵያ እንዲስፋፋ ያደረጉት አባቶቻችንንም እንደ „ጅል ትግሬ“ እየተዘለፉ ነውና፣ በናንተ በኩል ደግሞ ሌላ ያላሰብነው ስ ን ባ ደ-መደናገጥ እንዳይመጣብን ጉዳዩን ለወደፊቱ አስቡበት! ይህ እንግዴህ በእንዴህ እንዳለ ይቆይና ወደ የፅሑፉ ዋና ነጥቦች እንለፍ፣

    „…..to defeat the TPLF……“ Ha..Ha..! አምስት የሚሆኑትን የDCን የስድቦች ክፍለሰራዊቶቻችሁን (ባላባቶቻችሁን) በTPLF ላይ ስታዘምቱበት አሸናፊዎች ሆናችሁ ትወጣላችሁ፣ Ha…Ha..! እናንተ አዝማቾቹ ደግሞ በሩቁ ሆናችሁና ጋቢያችሁን አፍንጫችሁ ላይ ሰቅላችሁ ስልጣን እጃችሁ ላይ ትወድቅ ዘንዳ ተጠባበቁ! በእንደዚህ ስልጣንን እስከምትረከቡ ጊዜ ድረስ ግን ከዲሲ እና ችካጎ እንዲሁም ሚኖሶታ ሆናችሁ ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ስሙኒ እየላካችሁ ህፃናትን ባታስገድሉብን መልካም ይሆናል:: በብረት ህወሓትን እናባርራለን ባዮች ከሆናችሁ፣ በገዛ ራሳችሁ አገር ቤት ሄዳችሁ ጦሩን መምራት አለባችሁ እንጂ ከሩቁ የሞቀው ቤታችሁ ውስጥ ተንደላቅቃችሁ በየዋሆች የህፃናት ሂይወት መጫወት የለባችሁም! የጨቅላ ኢትዮጵያውያን ህፃናት ህልቀትን በሚመለከት ጉዳይ ደግሞ, ካሁን በፊት ከእናቶቻቸው ጉያ ተመንጥለው ከተወሰዱ በኋላ በካኒባሊስቶች ሽረ ጉድጓድ ውስጥ ተቆርጥመው ያለቁት ይበቁናል::
    ስልጣንን ከመመኘትም በላይ የህዝብና የሃገር ሃላፊነት ይሰማናል የሚሉ ወገኖች ካሉ፣ በመጀመሪያ ኢትይጵያውያንን ገብተንበት ከሚንገኘው ማጥ ውስጥ፣ ማለትም በዝቃጭነት ተጨፍልቀንና ሞራል ኤቲክ ርቆብን ስንኖር ዓመታት አልፎናልና፣ እንዴት አድርገን የሰው ልጅነትን መልክ እንያዝ የሚለውን አንገብጋቢ ጉዳይን አብሰልስሎ በመግባባት ወደ ሰው ልጅነት መመለስ ያስፈልገናል:: በአሁኑ ጊዜ ለምሳሌ የተለያዩ የኢትዮጵያውያንን ድረገፆችን ያነበበ ሰው፣ ኢትዮጵያውያን (የዚያች biblisches Land ተብላ ትታወቅ የነበረችው ምድራችን) ምን ያህል በዝቃጭነት ጎዳና ላይ የእሽቅድድም ሩጫ ውስጥ የምንገኝ ህዝቦች እንደሆንን ዓለም ይታዘበናል ያለው:: ዋናዎቹ የዝቃጭነት አራማጆች those ተምቤን and the ዓዲ-አርባዕ (ከፈለጋችሁም ዓድዋ ልትሏቸው ትችላላችሁ!) ኢሳያስ አፈወርቂ፣ ስብሓት ነጋና በጨረር ተቃጥሎ የሞተው የስብሓት ነጋ የክርስትናው ልጅ ሲሆኑ፣ የእነሱን ዝቃጫዊ አስተሳሰብን በጠቅላላው ምድር ላይ የሚያራቡ በአሽሓት የሚቀጠሩና በጠቅላላው ዓለም ተሰማርተው የሚክለፈለፉት ወጥ-እጨቶቻቸው አሉ:: በተለይም ግን መጠቀስ የሚገባቸው የዓደርባተዎቹ ተቀላጣፊ ማማሰያዎች are those the ዓጋመዎች ተወልደ „ዓጋመ“ እና ስዩም መስፍን ሆነው ይገኛሉ:: እነዚያ የመቐለ „ኩዴታ“ ወጣኞችም በዚህ መልክ ለዘመናት ካገለገሉ በኋላ ነው ድንግርግር-ዕንዝርዝር ውስጥ ገብተው ሲያበቁ ተሽቀንጥረው የተወረወሩትና፣ ከዚያን አውጥቶ መወርወር በኋላ ደግሞ „እንደኛም ዴሞክረት የለ“ እያሉ ሲያደነቁሩት የከረሙት:: በመሃከሉ ግን እነዚህም ማማሰያዎችም ሆኑ ዋናዎቹ ቁንጮዎች በዚህ ተግባራቶቻቸውም ሳይቀር „ተደናቂነት“ ስላገኙና እነሱን ለመምሰል የሚፈልግ በአሽሓት የሚቆጠር ተቃዋሚ ነኝ ባይም ተፈጥሯል:: ኢትዮጵያውያን እነሱን ከማድነቅና የነሱን ጎዳና ከመከተል ይልቅ በቅድሚያ ራሳቸውን ከዚህ ደዌ ማዳን ይገባቸው ነበር:: ከዚያም መላ ኢትዮጵያውያን የድሮዎቹንና አዲሶቹን ኦሮሞዎችንም ጨምሮ፣ የፈለገው ይሁን ብቻ እኔ እንዲያው የስልጣን መግቢያ በሩን ላግኝ እንጂ በሚል መክለፍለፍ ጦስንም risk ከሚያደርጉ ይልቅ፣ ረጋ ብሎ ሓፋሽን ለካኦስ ሳይሆን ለጠቅላላ ህብረተሰብን የሚጠቅም በንቃት የተካበ ለውጥ ለማምጣት መሰማራት እንጂ፣ እንዲያው የበርበሬ ቅንጠሳ በአላት ብቅ ባሉ ቁጥር፣ ተፍ-ተፍ እየተባለ ለስልጣን መቀላጠፉ በመጨረሻው ከጥቅሙ ይልቅ ጉዳቱ ሊበዛብን ስለሚችል ኢትዮጵያውያን ከዚያ ባሻገር በመግባባት ህዝባዊ ለውጥን ለማምጣት መንቀሳቀስ ይኖርብናል:: የግዴታ እነ ግብፅና እነ ሶርያ ባለፉበት ጎዳናም መጓዝ የለብንም………………!!!!! በህብረተሰባዊ ጉዳይ ከተመለከትነው፣ DC has become the garbage of ምድረ ፅዮን! እዚህ ያለንበት አካባቢ፣Traurig aber Wahr እንድንለው መሆኑ ነውና ይሄንን ሃቅ ወደኋላ ሳንል መናገር አለብን…………!
    „Das Leben kann nur rückwärts verstanden werden-es muss aber vorwärts gelebt werden!“ እንዲለን የኤግዚስተንስያሊስሙስ አባት, ዞረን ኪርከካርድ-Søren Kierkegaard! የሊቀ ሊቃውንቱን አባባል ቆንፅል አድርገን በናንተው አማርኛ ልናሰፍረው ብንሞክር፣ ‚ካለፈው የታሪክ ሂደት ትምህርት እየቀሰምክ የወደፊት ኑሮህን ተልም‘ እንደማለት አይነት ነገር መሆኑ ነውና, አልሕቡሾች ሆይ፣ ነቃ በሉ እንጂ!

    የመተለም ቀን የመጣ እለትና ከዚያን በኋላ ወየውላችሁ ኢትዮጵያን የበደላችሁ ሁላችሁም፣ የሞቱት ሞተዋል፣ ታሪክ ፀሃፊዎች ይፋረዱዋቸው! በሂይወት ያሉትን ግን ከህፃናት ቆርጣሚዎቹ ጀምረን በተለይም ደግሞ እነዚያን ሻሸመኔንና ወልዲያን እያረሱ ከጠገቡ በኋላ፣ ጥጋብ አልችል ብሏቸው በባርካ በኩል ኢትዮጵያ ላይ ጠላቶችን ያሰርጉባትና እንዲሁም ከከሰላ ጀምሮ እስከ ላፕላንድ ድረስ በየአረቡ እና በየምእራቡ ዓለም ሁሉ በቁና ያቃጠሩብንን (የወጋ ቢረሳ የተወጋ አይረሳ እንደሚባለው! እንዲሁም በእነሱ በኩል እየተመሩ የጠላቶቻችንን ጩልፋ እየላሱ በድጋሚ ደግሞ በባርካ በኩል ኢትዮጵያን ጠላት ሊያሰርጉባት የከጀሉዋትን ሁሉ የምንፋረድባት „የምፅአት“ ቀን እዚች ምድር ላይ ትመጣለችና! በሰላሙ ትግላችንና በትእግስት ደግሞ ብዙ ሌሎች ጉዶችንም ተወጥተን የለ! እነ አዱሊስና ድባሩዋም ፅዮንነታቸውን እየናፈቁ ነውና ያሉት ወዮላችሁ ምድረ የሸያጭ ተሸያጭ አድናቂ ሁሏም፣ ዘሬ እዩኝ እዩኝ ያለችሁትን ያህል ያኔ ደብቁኝ ደብቁኝ ትላላችሁ!

    Down with the looters!
    Long live the ቖልዓ ትግራይ ብደንጎላ ኮሎኔል ማራኺ!

  16. regga
    | #16

    Zere-Yacob,
    please do not beat around the bush. be precise and say what you know as it should.
    to criticise others has become like a disease for all of us.what is your vision for Ethiopia,if you have any

  17. ዘረ-ያዕቖብ ወ.ግ.ዓ.ም-ፅዮን The Eth.
    | #17

    regga,

    ኢትዮጵያን እየጎደሉባት ያሉት በኤቲክ የታነፁ Aufklärers ናቸው እንጂ, እየተበሻቀጡባት የሚዘርፏት እማ ያው ስልጣን ላይ ያሉትም በዝተውባታል, ነው ለማለት እየሞከርኩኝ ያለሁት! አይ, ነቅተው አንቂዎችም አሉኮ ስትል ደግሞ, የትና እነማን እንደሆኑ አስመልክተኝና እኔም ልቀላቀላቸው ዝግጁ ነኝ! Thank you!

  18. Tola
    | #18

    Dear Moderator,

    There are 1000s of means of saying my view. My message will reach all Ethiopians in anyway. I am determined to do that. You can never block TRUTH vibrate reaching the beneficiaries by just blocking your site thinking it is the only way. You are liars and foolish to tell us that you believe in democracy. You are categorized as anti-democracy and hence not different from TPLF by your acts of suppression of freedom of expression. I know you coward is afraid of the TRUTH that knocked you as a BOMB!!

  19. Anonymous
    | #19

    No human is above reproach! Then it should not come as a surprise the opinion expressed by Dr. Messay kebede in this piece is also no exception. For instance he stated, “The most important complaint of the Oromo is…Ethiopian discourse has always marginalized their contribution and identity in favor of a unilateral assimilation that favored Amhara and Tigreans.” This to me is a very sweeping generalization as it is related to this issue. It is suffice here for me to mention some historical instances. Oromo personalities such as Ras Gugsa of yeju is credited for founding the city of DebreTabor and serving as Enderasi of Begemder. Other successive Rases such as Gugsa Gellie have served as Begemder Enderasis.That is not all in successive governments Individual Oromos have hold high profile offices. On the other hand, Messay seems to take uncritically the postion of OLF argued above

  20. Tesfa
    | #20

    No human is with out reproach! And so there is no exception to the opinion expressed by Dr. Messay on this piece. For instance, he stated.

    ” The most important complaint of the Oromo ..the Ethiopian discourse has always marginalized their contribution and identity in favor of a unilateral assimilation that favored Amhara and Tigreans.” First of all I see the above statement as a sweeping generalizations. It is enough for me here to mention some historical figures and Oromo individuals who have left their permanent impress on our past history. For instance, Ras Gugsa Merso of yejju ( from 1798-1825) has ruled as Ras of Begemder, and is said to have been founded the city of Debre Tabor. Ras Ali second of yejju (1819-1866) served as Ras of Begemder and as regent of Ethiopian emperor. Ras Gugsa Welle (1875-1930) one of the most conservative Christian and nationalist figure ruled Begemeder. I have the opportunity to see and witness the partly ruined but intact palace of these Rases in Debretabor where I grow up. The area that I refer above we use to refer it as Gebi. It was during the Derg era aroad construction that was to pass through the city to Weldeya sealed the fate of the Palace. I hope after weyane we will be able to erect some kind of memorial to that Palace and the people who ruled from there. I have no space here to list all Oromo figures that have left a mark in our history. I think Dr.Messay’s comment above seem heavily to lean to the OLF compliant rather than from the facts of history.To begin with the nationalist(OLF) deliberately ignore the contribution of Oromos in our History by mistakenly identifying them as an Amharized Oromos or something else. Yet, the fact remains those Oromos ( though they were conscious they are Oromos) they lived and died as an Ethiopian.The other thing that negates the above argument is the fact both languages Amharic and Galenga mutually influence one another. There are many words that are Galega on origin that we find in Amharic and vice versa. Which under score the existing historical, social relationship, and interaction of the two people than mere OLF compliants.

  21. Muxurreegondol
    | #21

    Prof. Messay Kebede said:

    „Those who expect the Oromo to rebel by assuming the Ethiopian identity forget that the notion of Ethiopia as a unitary nation has receded since the TPLF and the EPLF defeated the Derg and the former implemented the system of ethnic federalism. The fight for a unitary nation should have been waged while the TPLF was battling the Derg. It is now too late and there is no going back. Going back would mean war and, if the Ethiopian state survives, the cost would be the institution of another dictatorial system. How else, if not by blood and fire, would you impose unity after two decades of unrestricted ethnicization?“ (emphasis meine)

    Both policy-makers and scholars have turned their attention to federalism (decentralized Governance) as a means for managing conflict between central governments and national groups as well as conflict among national groups themselves. Both the theoretical literature and the empirical track record of federations point to federalism’s ability to manage conflicts of ethnic diversity and preserve peace. More particularly, multi-national federalism has considerable, albeit critical support, among contemporary academics. Multi-national federalism is the sure way to peace and development in Ethiopia, as it is the only way to manage the Ethiopian ethnic diversity peacefully, democratically and respectfully.

    Given its history of gross and systematic group domination and discrimination (ethnic, religious, linguistic, cultural, etc.), the adoption of a multi-national federation is not a luxury that Ethiopia can afford but a necessity. The adoption of a multi-national federation was necessitated by the urgency and intensity of the need to address the claims of the country’s ethnic groups of historic discrimination and inequality, and to build a multi-national democracy. The multi-national nature of the new Ethiopian federation can be gathered from the following three sites.

    • First, the 1995 Federal constitution vests sovereign powers with the nations, nationalities, and peoples of the country (Article 8).
    • Second, the Federal constitution entitles the nations, nationalities, and peoples the right to self-determination including and up to secession (Article 39).
    • Third, all Ethiopia’s nations, nationalities, and peoples have equal representation in the House of Federation (HoF), which is vested with the ultimate power to interpret the constitution (Article 39 cum 61-62).

    Federalism is a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central federal government and regional governments. Both types of government are supreme within their proper sphere of authority. Both have to consent or agree to any changes to the constitution. Furthermore, federalism is a concrete manifestation of the right to internal self-determination regarding self-rule and shared rule of specific communities in a multi-ethnic or multi-national state. A federation, on the other hand, is a polity in which decision-making power is divided between central (federal) and regional governments.

    Advocates of multi-national federations seek to unite people who seek the advantages of a common political unit, but differ markedly in descent, language and culture. Multi-national federations involve the maintenance of two or more nations, and reject the strongly integrationist and assimilationist dispositions of national (mono-national) federalists. Multi-national federalists believe that it is possible for the citizens of such federations to have dual or multiple loyalties, e.g. a patriotic attachment to the federation and a nationalist attachment to their regional homeland. They believe it is wrong to assume a priori either that multi-national federations will lead to the abuse of the rights, interests and identities of regional minorities, or that they will necessarily make secessionists victorious.

    The major limitation on the well functioning of Ethiopia’s federal system is the one party dominance that has been in place since the adoption of the Federal constitution in 1994, though EPRDF has been in power since 1991. The problem is not that a single party has been
    commanding a majority seat in parliament, but that the party strictly adheres to ‘democratic centralism’, a principle which is diametrically opposed to political pluralism. There’s lack of political pluralism, because the public space has been dominated by EPRDF which is a coalition of four ethnic-based political parties and ot her affiliated non-member parties that are subservient to the Tigrean Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF). Therefore, what held the Ethiopian multi-ethnic federation together is coercion, as with the case with most pseudo-federations, rather than consent of the country’s various ethnic groups. Ethiopia lacks multi-party democracy. This last fact alone meant that there is no possibility of dialogue or co-operation among the different ethnic groups.

    If the current federal arrangement has to successfully hold the diverse ethnic groups together (or put negatively, to survive a violent breaking apart), the ruling party has to discard ‘centralisation of authority’ in favour of political pluralism as it is detrimental to its endeavor of building a genuine multi-national democracy in Ethiopia.

    The success of Ethiopia’s experiment with multi-national federalism depends on the ruling party’s willingness and ability to disengage itself from centralisation of authority, extend and consolidate the democratization process, reduce poverty, ensure a sustained economic growth rate, and expand educational coverage.

  22. Muxurree Gondol
    | #22

    Prof. Messay Kebede said:

    „Those who expect the Oromo to rebel by assuming the Ethiopian identity forget that the notion of Ethiopia as a unitary nation has receded since the TPLF and the EPLF defeated the Derg and the former implemented the system of ethnic federalism. The fight for a unitary nation should have been waged while the TPLF was battling the Derg. It is now too late and there is no going back. Going back would mean war and, if the Ethiopian state survives, the cost would be the institution of another dictatorial system. How else, if not by blood and fire, would you impose unity after two decades of unrestricted ethnicization?“

    Both policy-makers and scholars have turned their attention to federalism (decentralized Governance) as a means for managing conflict between central governments and national groups as well as conflict among national groups themselves. Both the theoretical literature and the empirical track record of federations point to federalism’s ability to manage conflicts of ethnic diversity and preserve peace. More particularly, multi-national federalism has considerable, albeit critical support, among contemporary academics. Multi-national federalism is the sure way to peace and development in Ethiopia, as it is the only way to manage the Ethiopian ethnic diversity peacefully, democratically and respectfully.

    Given its history of gross and systematic group domination and discrimination (ethnic, religious, linguistic, cultural, etc.), the adoption of a multi-national federation is not a luxury that Ethiopia can afford but a necessity. The adoption of a multi-national federation was necessitated by the urgency and intensity of the need to address the claims of the country’s ethnic groups of historic discrimination and inequality, and to build a multi-national democracy. The multi-national nature of the new Ethiopian federation can be gathered from the following three sites.

    • First, the 1995 Federal constitution vests sovereign powers with the nations, nationalities, and peoples of the country (Article 8).
    • Second, the Federal constitution entitles the nations, nationalities, and peoples the right to self-determination including and up to secession (Article 39).
    • Third, all Ethiopia’s nations, nationalities, and peoples have equal representation in the House of Federation (HoF), which is vested with the ultimate power to interpret the constitution (Article 39 cum 61-62).

    Federalism is a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central federal government and regional governments. Both types of government are supreme within their proper sphere of authority. Both have to consent or agree to any changes to the constitution. Furthermore, federalism is a concrete manifestation of the right to internal self-determination regarding self-rule and shared rule of specific communities in a multi-ethnic or multi-national state. A federation, on the other hand, is a polity in which decision-making power is divided between central (federal) and regional governments.

    Advocates of multi-national federations seek to unite people who seek the advantages of a common political unit, but differ markedly in descent, language and culture. Multi-national federations involve the maintenance of two or more nations, and reject the strongly integrationist and assimilationist dispositions of national (mono-national) federalists. Multi-national federalists believe that it is possible for the citizens of such federations to have dual or multiple loyalties, e.g. a patriotic attachment to the federation and a nationalist attachment to their regional homeland. They believe it is wrong to assume a priori either that multi-national federations will lead to the abuse of the rights, interests and identities of regional minorities, or that they will necessarily make secessionists victorious.

    The major limitation on the well functioning of Ethiopia’s federal system is the one party dominance that has been in place since the adoption of the Federal constitution in 1994, though EPRDF has been in power since 1991. The problem is not that a single party has been
    commanding a majority seat in parliament, but that the party strictly adheres to ‘democratic centralism’, a principle which is diametrically opposed to political pluralism. There’s lack of political pluralism, because the public space has been dominated by EPRDF which is a coalition of four ethnic-based political parties and ot her affiliated non-member parties that are subservient to the Tigrean Peoples’ Liberation Front (TPLF). Therefore, what held the Ethiopian multi-ethnic federation together is coercion, as with the case with most pseudo-federations, rather than consent of the country’s various ethnic groups. Ethiopia lacks multi-party democracy. This last fact alone meant that there is no possibility of dialogue or co-operation among the different ethnic groups.

    If the current federal arrangement has to successfully hold the diverse ethnic groups together (or put negatively, to survive a violent breaking apart), the ruling party has to discard ‘centralisation of authority’ in favour of political pluralism as it is detrimental to its endeavor of building a genuine multi-national democracy in Ethiopia.

    The success of Ethiopia’s experiment with multi-national federalism depends on the ruling party’s willingness and ability to disengage itself from centralisation of authority, extend and consolidate the democratization process, reduce poverty, ensure a sustained economic growth rate, and expand educational coverage.

  23. aha!
    | #23

    Tesfa’s comment @#20 puts matters of ethnic and secessionist politics and/or policies, which is inscribed into the constitution to rest in terms of historical perspectives that both the Oromo and Amhara have a bigger stake in the Ethiopian Nationalism of Ethiopia as One Nation, with multi-ethnic groups, with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians and strategies to achieve those goals. It is only by rallying around Ethiopian Nationalism, that the opposition can deny the TPLF/eprdf regime ethnic minority rule now and deny ethnic majority oromo rule in the future, while leaving the constitution in tact and engage in ethnic rights: the rights to self rule and self “yekilil mengistats iqulinet mebit mekeber” democracy to be supper imposed over ethnic rule etc. and the current conflict over the encroachment of the Master Plan onto the surrounding towns of Oromo Killil Astedader. Having said that are you asking the Amahara and other ethnic groups to join the oromo student protests? Is it to maintain the constitution and/or ethnic federalism, secessionism and bla, bla or restore Ethiopian nationalism by ratifying the constitution with individual freedom, liberty and equality to super cede, ethnic and secessionist rights. Then and only then there will be people oriented government that rule by the consent of the governed, rather the current minority ethnic rule and proposed ethnic majority rule, to the silent majority of Ethiopians.

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