The Perils of Ethnic Federalism Part IV: The Tragedy of the Killils By Worku Aberra (PhD)

March 14th, 2016 Print Print Email Email

History shows that when different ethnic groups live together in a region, as has happened in Ethiopia for centuries, the close social interaction promotes mutual understanding, respect, and tolerance. The long history of co-existence explains the relatively low level of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia, in spite of a hyper-ethnicized political atmosphere over the last 25 years. The mutual tolerance that the Ethiopian people have exhibited for one another bodes well for national unity, but one should not underestimate the damage inflicted on the Ethiopian body politic by the introduction of ethnic federalism. Ethnic federalism, as I have argued in my previous instalments, has created ethnic cleavage, discord, and hostility unprecedented in Ethiopian history. In this section, I will demonstrate how it has prevented lasting cooperation between political parties.

Attempts at Explaining Non-cooperation

Ever since the unrest in Oromia exploded, some commentators have lamented the dearth of solidarity with the Oromo people. They attribute it to three main factors: the lack of information, fear of repression, or the lack of moral courage. The lack-of-information argument is untenable. Surely, non-Oromo students at Jimma University do not lack information about what is happening in Oromia. When Oromo students at the university express their solidarity with Oromo farmers by not eating their meals and the non-Oromo students refuse to cooperate, it is not because the latter are unware of what is taking place. (When I was a student at Haile Selassie University, we sent our meals to the victims of famine in Tigray and Wollo, without any distinction to ethnicity. How far have we regressed!)
When a society’s youth, the conveyers of idealism, the paragons of dedication, the models of self-sacrifice, appears indifferent to the injustice committed in front its eyes, we have cause for concern. Indeed, it is a tragedy.

It may appear that the regime’s repression may have discouraged people in the other killils from expressing their solidarity with the Oromo people, but if the Ethiopian people are so frightened of the regime, how do we explain the current strike by owners and operators of commercial vehicles in many cities, across different killils? Nor does fear explain the low level of participation by non-Oromos in the Diaspora in the demonstration against the killings in Oromia. Fear is not the factor.

Other commentators have attributed the lack of solidarity to the absence of moral fortitude among non-Oromos, especially among the Amharas, but this argument suffers from at least two defects. First, it is wrong to blame an entire ethnic group for moral failing; if there is any moral culpability, it should be directed at the system and the political leadership. Second, it is not moral ineptitude that has prevented people from expressing their solidarity.

Some people have assigned a selfish motive to expressing solidarity with the Oromo people. They argue that non-Oromos should express their moral indignation out of sheer self-interest. Today, the victims are the Oromos; tomorrow, it may be your ethnic group. Solidarity is thus seen as a transactional activity, a form of self-defence mechanism. However, the self-interest argument lacks moral foundation. We should oppose injustice, wherever it occurs because it is morally wrong. Period.

The Killilization of the Ethiopian Mind

The absence of widespread solidarity with the Oromo people does not reflect the lack of information, courage, or moral fortitude. Rather, it reveals the emotional distance from, the feeling of indifference to, and the fear of the “other” created by killil. A killilized administrative division of Ethiopians has created an equally killilized mindset. For example, when a prominent member of the Oromo Diaspora leads a demonstration demanding “Ethiopia out of Oromia”, the slogan reflects a killilized mind and feeds the concerns, fears, and anxieties of the killilized mind of the ethnic “other”, a tragedy manufactured by ethnicized politics. A killilized mind tragically hinders unity of purpose.

The lack of cooperation among the various political groups is a serious obstacle to achieving a common national goal. Below, I will outline the theoretical framework for explaining non-participation for attaining a common objective.

The Problem of Collective Action

Economists and other social scientists have studied the problem of collective action, the non-participation of some individuals in attaining a common goal. The discussions on the collective-action problem provide useful insights into understanding the absence of widespread support for the Oromo people.
It is hypothesized that the chances of cooperation for collective action improve when individuals face the same conditions and share the same objectives. If, on the other hand, individuals face different circumstances or have different goals, the chances of cooperation diminish. Or if individuals believe that the costs of participating are too high, they will refrain from participating.

Or if people are convinced that they can enjoy the benefits of the outcome without incurring any costs—the free-rider argument—they will refrain from participating. Lastly, if individuals have antagonistic goals, then there is no room for cooperation. The collective-action problem framework best explains the lack of widespread support for the Oromo people among members of the other ethnic groups.

Differentiated Repression and Differentiated Responses

Not all ethnic groups face the same level of repression in Ethiopia, as befits divisive ethnic politics. The regime imposes differentiated repression on different ethnic groups, resulting in differentiated responses. Second, ethnic federalism has created differentiated goals for the political elite. It has empowered ethnic political leaders who comfortably inhabit the killils, physically or ideologically, to spawn differentiated objectives, varying from advancing personal interests, to harbouring an ambiguous stance on democracy, to entertaining lukewarm attitude toward national unity, to advocating secession overtly and covertly.

Third, the spread of ethnicism has differentiated the Ethiopian people along ethnic lines. As a result, empathy, sympathy, solidarity, and cooperation have become bifurcated along ethnic lines, sometimes even along regions within the same ethnic group. This is tragic.

Thus, the combination of differentiated repression, resulting in differentiated responses, differentiated goals, and differentiated political actors; a killilized political framework and pervasive ethnicism explain the non-cooperation of opposition political groups over the last 25 years. The Ethiopian people have been sufficiently heterogenized by these factors that cooperation has been severely undermined. The realization of this fact is paramount when formulating a common objective, defining tactical and strategic modalities, and forming principled alliances.

Thinking beyond the Killils: A United and Democratic Ethiopia

From the analysis above, it is tempting to conclude that cooperation among political parties for a common national goal is unattainable. That is the wrong conclusion. The obstacles to cooperation for the common objective of advancing democracy in a united Ethiopia are daunting, but they are not insurmountable. Any tactical alliance without an agreement on the common objective will fail, as will atomized ethnic-based struggles.

Some people have argued that it is impossible to reform ethnic federalism, to discard ethnic politics, to abolish ethnicism, or to change ethnic political parties. This is a fatalistic position. They argue that we have to be careful not to upset the status quo, but political transformation is exactly what Ethiopia needs today. The question is not whether political change will occur or not; Ethiopia is already on the cusp of a major political change because of systemic contradictions. The question is what kind of change.

No political system is immune from change, least of all an authoritarian system. Ethnic federalism is not immutable. There is nothing natural, inexorable, or permanent about it. It was established by politicians and it can be transformed by politicians. Just as it was created to serve the political interests of the EPLF, OLF, and TPLF, it can be replaced by democratic federalism to serve the interests of all Ethiopians.

To effect the needed politically change, political parties, both within the EPRDF and the opposition, need to de-killilize their political platforms to encompass the larger killil: Ethiopia. This may not be an easy task, but that is the only solution to the political conundrum facing Ethiopia today. The opposition parties should recognize that the struggle for equality, justice, and peace calls for principled cooperation on advancing democracy in a united Ethiopia. It is only then that the particular demands of the Oromo farmers can be satisfactorily addressed peacefully.

Worku Aberra (PhD) is a professor of economics at Dawson College, Montreal,

  1. Bona
    | #1

    TPLF likes killing unarmed innocent civilians, even very elderly fathers mothers and children. They do not have the slightest humanity in their heart. They enjoy from the misery of innocent human beings. Their love affair is only with accumulation of money and wealth through day light robbery, looting and cheating. Their economic system is neither free-market, nor developmental-state nor socialism nor any thing good for the society. They are just undertaking racially based mafia style economic fascism relying on blatant robbery and looting. They do not have the essence of what it takes to be a leader of a nation-state in their mind. They have wiped out every human common values and assets. From their very inception they have two missions in their mind. One is dismantling historical Ethiopia and the other one is looting Ethiopia. That is all what they have in mind. In human history no governing power hates its own peoples and the country it rules and yet at the same time likes looting and living in that same country among those same people it hates. For example TPLF preaches Kilil and restricts other Ethiopians to live only in their own Kilil. However, TPLF and their Tigre peoples are not restricted in their own Kilil. They are the only ones to work, to make business and live any where they like in Ethiopia. They get political, economic, military, security and any other types of support and protection from TPLF.TPLF has created its own deep-state with in a state and its own Tigre nation with in another nation.Recently my friend had went to Addis and when he came back what he told me is so alarming. First Addis has been almost occupied in higher percentage by Tigres. Every economic sector has been controlled by Tigres. They are the chosen golden race first class citizens of that country. Second there is a huge migration towards Addis. As some commentators in Abugida have already mentioned it Greater Ethiopia has gradually diminished to Greater Addis Ababa. In my view Greater Addis Ababa is the new version of Ethiopia for TPLF. Had the ethnic federalism of TPLF been a good one for Ethiopians why this very great number of flock of Ethiopians migrate towards Addis? This is very indicative that Ethiopia is not the right direction. Something is wrong with the existing system. Now what we have is fragmented Ethiopia by Kilil. In order to be considered as an Ethiopian one has to work and live in Addis not in Kilil. And the bad thing about Addis is that even the majority of Addis is controlled by Tigres. Addis is gradually changed to another type of Mekele. They have a secret plan of undertaking systemic ethnic cleansing of others and control Addis for the them selves and foreign real estate owners. Specially they want to wipe out Amaharas and Oromos from Addis by the cover of master-plan. They hate Ethiopia and Ethiopians and its history but they still want to have looted wealth and live decent life in Ethiopia.
    TPLF and Tigres intention and move is now clear for every Ethiopian.The other thing is why more that 15 millions Ethiopians are starved if Ethiopia is really economically growing? It is such a very perplexing paradox for outsiders.But not as such a paradox for insider Ethiopians. Why? Because the claimed economic growth is for TPLF, its cronies and Tigres. That is all. Ethiopia is in apartheid style neo-colonialism.Western and their crony Arabs installed TPLF to indirectly colonize Ethiopia. Now they have fulfilled their long awaited colonial ambition. It is so silly to expect decent-life, prosperity, good-governance, harmony, peace, love and Ethiopianity among Ethiopians as long as TPLF is in power. For sure if TPLF stays additional 5 or 10 years we will loose everything. We will loose our identity as Ethiopian and we will loose our Country for ever. TPLF is already on its way for additional huge sell out of Ethiopia under the disguise of FDI. Ethiopia (the geographic land) will grow by FDI economically but Ethiopians shall live under neo-colony style below 3rd class citizens. They shall be taken away their Ethiopianity, dignity and every thing they have in the past. The only beneficiaries from FDI style economic growth will be TPLF, Tigre and its very few cronies loyal to the system. This is the type of economic growth TPLF has as a plan for Ethiopia and Ethiopians. Today’s FDI style economic model in the case of TPLF era is a hit-and-run business scheme. It is a means of looting 3rd world resources. It causes great social, economical, cultural and environmental destruction for the host country. Only corrupt government officials and their business chain affiliates are the main beneficiaries of this type of FDI.
    TPLF has a grand plan of wiping out other Ethiopians step by step and eventually establishing a Tigre hegemony in Ethiopia. May be that is why some Ethiopians make a claim that TPLF is a Zionist Agent. And for sure TPLF does not venture to carry out such sinister plan with out the help of foreign bidders. TPLF has a land policy that enables it to control the country for its self as its own personal property. Any time TPLF can displace urban and rural living Ethiopians. Additionally, for long time and still continuing, secret money is printed and circulated by TPLF and its crony Tigres. This two things have enabled TPLF and Tigres to control the entire Ethiopian Economy and the country as a whole. Look no other country has encountered such a prolonged rampant inflation lasting for a decade. Therefore the main cause of inflation is the mafia style economic fascism of TPLF to control the economy racially by its own cronies and Tigres. It can not be simply explained by the usual economic terms. The inflation has also a political motive to control the economy by a business scam.
    Knowing these all things why Western powers still support TPLF? Because they want social, political, economical ,military and other tensions to escalate until it accidentally irrupts out of control so that the country will be in mess and disintegrate like Iraq, Libya, Syria, Yugoslavia, Somalia and others. Western governments especially CIA,MI6 and Mosad very well know that the country is controlled by a mafia and racial group. But they want Ethiopia to be ruled this way.

  2. JOHN
    | #2

    Our intellectuals do please wake up even after 25 years.
    Ethnic politics is just the symptom.
    The main cause is as follows.
    TPLF Is a Zionist agent. The entire social, cultural, economical, and political and finally the spiritual architecture is designed and organized that way. Infiltration, perversion, deception, bribe, blackmail are the main tools to carry out this diabolical scheme. EPRDF is a cover for TPLF. Likewise TPLF is a cover. TPLF at the core is a Zionist agent. Only very few adepts are privy to this diabolical scheme. Ethiopians now tend to understand the general situation in Ethiopia this way.Ethinc politics is just a means to this end.As for addis ababa and oromia case the cause is Ethnic federalism.This is the big picture and we are all pawns in this big game.Addis Abababa master plan is intended to gradually evict non-Tigreans.It is a systematic ethnic cleansing.Greater Ethiopia has gradually diminished and changed in to greater Addis Ababa which is the result of thnic federalism.Ethnic federalism works for TPLF but does not work for Ethiopians.Do not worry to please every body but try to speak the truth and only the truth.

    Additional source TPLF is a Zionist agent

    | #3

    Oromos please wake up. Amharas please wake up. And others please wake up. We can not afford childish game of politics. We are paying a huge price for our irresponsibility. Let alone being ethnically fragmented we are not even able to withstand the challenge even by unity. The challenge lurking and a head of us is very complicated and worrisome beyond we can imagine. Appealing for Western governments by the demonstrations we usually do is even futile. They know every thing more than we imagine. Who helped and installed TPLF in the first place? Is it not Western governments and other foreign bidders? They want TPLF to stay in power as long as TPLF serves their interests. They want TPLF to stay in power as long as they hire another similar servant in power. And TPLF also knows this. They know and understand each other. The other thing the intellectuals, politicians and oppositions must know is first they have to be honest for themselves .Either they can stand loyal for their country and their peoples or they can work for TPLF and foreign bidders. But they can not do both things at the same time. Simply blaming the same force time and gain is worthless. We already know what TPLF is and its foreign bidders. Now it is time about us to carry out our own homework. Even every time blaming past regimes far away hundred years does not help us any more. The past monarch regimes protected from foreign occupation and gave us this country. Our forefathers sacrificed their dear life for Ethiopia. But what are we ourselves doing now?
    It is very nonsense to blame every time Haileselassie, Menelik, Yohaness, Tewodros and the likes. Trust me they laugh at us in their grave. Especially the near ones like Haileselassie and Menelik will not only laugh at us they also lament for what we are doing today. They created the very foundation for modern day Ethiopia under so many challenges and pressures. Both rulers faced European colonizers (Italy) and eventually succeeded in securing the territorial integrity of their country by force or by diplomacy.
    Haileselassie even managed to secure Eritrea back again by diplomacy for what Menelik is allegedly condemned to have made a mistake. All these rulers and their elite colleagues worked and sacrificed their dear life for Ethiopia ignoring any sort of ethnic differences. For that matter Haileselassie, Menelik are considered as not a pure Amahara. They are mixed with Oromo and other ethnicity.And yet irrespective of their ethnic identity they managed to form unity as an Ethiopian and established greater Ethiopia. But what are we doing now? We have to be ashamed of ourselves let alone time and again to blame and condemn such rulers. Who are we after all to blame these rulers? Which country in history, including USA, is established by electoral democracy? I think those ethnic thinkers who condemn Menelik as expansionist are living in their own fantasy world. They do not have any idea of what a nation-state is in essence and in practice. A country that was once the hallmark of liberty and dignity for the entire black race is now ethnically fragmented. Shame on us. Is it not the land that Haileselassie, and Menelik secured for so long from occupation of colonialists that TPLF and Tigre peoples are selling out and benefiting economically? Do TPLF and Tigre have the moral conscious to as such hate and condemn Haileselassie, and Menelik?For those Oromo intellectuals you are the main part of Ethiopianity. But it is OLF who teaches you very bad lessons about Ethiopia and Ethiopianity and make you deny your own beloved country which you have a big share of common life and history. Therefore blame OLF and stop blaming and hating Amaharas for every wrong doings. Today there are not existing even a significant number of Amahara elites or rulers of the past monarchs. It is Derg itself who massacred and weakened Amahara elites. And because the satanic TPLF has unwarranted historical rivalry and hatred against Amahars, well we know that TPLF does not want even to see and single Amhara living in Ethiopia or in planet earth let alone those ruling elites of Amahara to live or come back to power.
    TPLF and Tigre elites have hold unwarranted hatred against Amharas. They have become like Cain against Abel.Only poor Amaharas are remaining in today Ethiopia. If Amaharas were the main beneficiary of those past Amhara rulers how comes Amhara as an ethnic group failed to organize and defend itself and finally fall under the mercy of satanic TPLF? If all Amahara were in collusion with Amahara rulers then Haileselassie would not have fallen from power. It is mainly Amharas who revolted against the monarchy. Until recently forced by TPLF, Amaharas never identified themselves as a single localized ethnic group. They have always identified themselves as Ethiopian. And having this mentality in mind the majority of Amharas never felt insecure or have neither inferiority nor superiority complex .Because when you consider yourself or become part of the greater entity you do not feel isolated or insecure and you cherish being part of the greater entity. What makes some ethnically extremist Tigre and Oromo elites so insecure, isolated and confused is just because they failed to make themselves part of the greater Ethiopia.
    They yearn for more of their security in their own ethnic identity that in Ethiopianity. The essence of Nation-State is where you surrender, compromise and contribute more of your ethnic and other identity for the common and collective well-being of the larger entity then in return cherish its benefits more of as a citizenry rather than as an more of as an ethnic identity. It is not that way that the bigger entity Nation-State has to surrender compromise and sacrifice so much of its integrity for the sake of the smaller units of ethnicity. You can not just build unrelated and isolated ethnic rooms with in a Nation-State. There is no such a thing as dual identity, one ethnic and one Ethiopian. If two is allowed why not three adding religion? However, only one main top level identity exists as a citizen of a country and with in this main identity you can have other minor identities you cherish.
    So it is with in an a priori established and legitimized existence of a Nation-State that you claim your other identity rights. No one can claim ethnic identity and its rights if there is no an a priori existence of Nation-State. For example a Tigre can not as such claim its ethnic identity and its rights with its own narrow ethnicity. Therefore, by ridiculing and denying Ethiopianity and then claiming ethnic identity and its rights as the primary goal is the absurdity of all absurdities. A Nation-State is like a cow and if you do not feed and take care of the cow it does not give you the milk. Unlike their forefathers who sacrificed their dear life for Ethiopia some naïve and juvenile oromos claim oromoia only for oromo.They even agitate others to join them under the this motto of oromia for oromo. They do not want to fight for their rights as an Ethiopian but as an oromo but still they expect the support of others.TPLF and EPLF were (I do not know now) the main mentors of OLF and OLF spewed its ethnic hatred against Amahara and denial of Ethiopianity for Oromo elites and other ordinary Oromos. Therefore who denied Ethiopianity for Oromos? No one but OLF and its fanatic supporters.Ethiopia never ever betrayed and denied its children but its children betrayed and denied Ethiopia.

  4. Balcha
    | #4

    The reason why 15 million Ethiopians are starved to death is because TPLF and its cronies are busy day and night on looting and spewing ethnic hatred. They have forgotten that they have peoples under their rule to govern and also provide for basic needs and basic protection as a citizen and as a human-being. What they are all the time busy and ready is for total sell out of this country and its peoples under the disguise of FDI.They cooperate with foreign vulture predators and together they prey upon Ethiopia and its poor peoples. That is what they know and are doing all the last 25 years and it is even unabated but continues aggravated. The current ethnic politics in Ethiopia based on language is satanic. It is the work of evil men in secrecy. It is against the interest and common survival of Ethiopians. Ethnic politics is only the interest of TPLF, OLF and other similar foreign supported elites. Look oppositions who truly support Ethiopian unity do not get foreign fund and support. To the contrary those who spread ethnic politics, including TPLF, get foreign fund and support. This indicates that ethnic politics is the work of very few selfish opportunist elites who exploit it as a means of economic income. Such selfish elites do not see tomorrow but they see only today. However, no one is as such immune or protected from the dangers of ethnic politics. Even TPLF and Tigre elites who think they are master mind of ethnic politics are no immune, if not to be the worst victims even though it will be at last. TPLF and Tigre elites must know that they are sitting complacent on a time bomb. Finally it is my hope that some sort of some Godly miraculous Ethiopian force shall some how emerge out of this whole mess and maintain Ethiopia as it was through divine intervention.

    Long live Ethiopia

  5. Mulugeta Abebe
    | #5

    I felt Dr Worku’s thoughts are very simplistic. Abandon federalism and merge the nation into some sort of provinces. Weyanne did not mint ethnic questions. For that quest, plenty of Oromo intellectuals lost their lives. When we reached 1990s, the only option was to address the Oromo question. After years of effort, I think, the Oromo question is just now floating on international venues. It reached here because of Oromo commitments to research and expose the wrongs done to its people. Why was it and it is still a taboo to speak Oromo but it is not to speak Amharic? why was Oromo identity and language repressed at the cost of flourishing Amharic language and culture and Ethiopianess? … Today we reached here because of the wrongs done to the Oromos that strengthened them to design and launch non-violent struggle. We were told it won’t work. But Oromo leaders, such as Bekele Gerba, assured their people and demonstrated that it works. Worku Abera popped up out of his anger to a lack space. He has been in diaspora for about 40 years and comes yesterday and tells what Oromos should do. Where was he when the Oromo was spitted at and intimidated? The victory that opened Dr Worku’s minds belongs to the Oromo. They could choose what to do with it. Dr Worku is an economist, his dissertation is incomplete agriculture studies and, as a result, his pieces lacked philosophical and political dimensions. He tries to change the world in four paragraphs. There are tonnes of works on the matter. Dr Worku should read and improve his thoughts and come back. The task is not that easy. The Oromo know the job is theirs, it is them who should fight for themselves. Worku is better off writing a research paper pertinent to his PhD and get into peer reviewed journals to feed his empty CV. Always, failure is orphan, as one of Oromo analysts said, while victory has ocean of claimants.

  6. Kadiro
    | #6

    Dr. Worku’s article is just an academic rhetoric. It is not empowering. It is not unifying the diverse interest groups in Ethiopia. Rejection breeds rejection.

    Liberal democracy is not uniform throughout the world. It takes into account the reality on the ground (specificity of a given country). In the context of Ethiopia, the definition of democracy is not the same. The same holds true when it comes to unity. I think the Ethiopian elites need to stop living in the box with the people who have the same mindset. Let’s learn to listen to the issues the diverse interest groups raise in order to search for a unifying middle ground. I think we should think like Tamagn Beyene when it comes to the issues like the diverse cultures, languages, etc. of Ethiopia. There is no similarity whatsoever between USA and Ethiopia. We cannot import democracy from USA.

  7. yimmer
    | #7

    In 1991, when olf and tplf were at the height of their honeymoon, did untold damage to the country. A major political shift is required to reverse the mind set of ethnic segregation which these satanic forces have created.

    tplf and olf have manged to put everybody in a ghetto, to blind the minds of people with hatred of their neighbours and to the suffering of their fellow countrymen and women. and to see everything in the colour of ethnicity.

  8. Tesfa
    | #8

    This article gives a sound analysis regarding the student movement in the South Western part of Ethiopia. In my judgment none of the stated reasons by different commentators was the reason as to why the rest of Ethiopians did not joined the uprising. If I have to put one single dominant factor as a possible cause, it is this: the prevailing political parochialism in the country. It appears to me every organization and party is fixated in achieving what may be considered as its long term plan. Such approach to problem solving is untenable. And the longer we choose to push the issue of problem solving in to the shelve it will be over for us. So how do we change the mind set from mere chat room politc to actually reaching a consensus ?

    One way to do away with such laziness, none involvement is to anonymously agree to outlaw fringe and extremist including OLF. On the ground that one can not want to remove TPLF and at the same time make alliance with OLF who has similar goal and aspirations. It makes no sense to continue to do the same mistake all over again. After all it is not mere alliance with any one and every one that guaranty freedom, but principle. Therefore, it behooves us to reconsider the strategy of entanglement with unlikely organizations. Whenever such clarity is reached then the next move can be easy because many who are on the fence will join to help. At the same time it is not just TPLF that we have to deal but her clients. As some have rightly pointed out the western powers in particular the U.S after the cold war come to closures, she has felt she has to re run her motto of “manifest destiny” . And so we have these days U.N and her axillary organizations running all Africa and in particular Ethiopia. Unless we agree to bar extremist organizations such as OLF and move on for ward with organizations that can share national aspirations our national survival will be at stake. The way out from the stalemate is to redefine with clarity a strategy and a consistent principle that will land us to victory. The people of Ethiopia are willing to live in peace under a democratic constitutional government that respect individual liberty, law and order.

  9. Lemma
    | #9

    Mulugetta Abebe,

    You seem like an angry man. Your ad hominem attack on Dr. Worku has addressed none of the points he has raised and you contradict yourself, when you say “The victory that opened Dr Worku’s minds belongs to the Oromo”. Why attack him if he has an open mind. And how do you know that he has acquiesced to the oppression of Oromo people in the past? You are a simple troll hiding behind a fake name. You don’t even have the courage to engage Dr. Worku in a public discussion. I know who you are. You have revealed on numerous occasions your own intellectual insecurity by always minimizing Dr. Worku’s contribution. How sad!!

  10. ermiasAR
    | #10

    @Mulugeta Abebe

    Your reply made very little sense to me. It was hard to understand how someone who themselves were unable to write in proper English can come to criticize another for having an “empty CV”. It is one thing to not agree with someone’s ideas. But it is a little silly to put down someone’s academic merits as a result. I’ll be honest, I took his class a year ago. I’m not his biggest fan but he’s a McGill graduate, a department head and I’m now reading a textbook that he co-authored for another course. That said, if you want to discuss ideas with him, he’s got a pretty nice office and is always open to discussion!

  11. SenaitBeka
    | #11

    @Mulugeta Abebe

    How is it that “Dr Worku should read and improve his thoughts and come back” when you say “There are tonnes of works on the matter”. Am I the only one that sees the irony here? How can I take you as a credible source of criticism if your own thoughts make no sense? I’m just curious. It’s very easy to sit there behind a screen and criticize someone in broken English but for the love of God try and be coherent

  12. Moges
    | #12

    ተናግረህ ባታናግረን ጥሩ ነው፡፡
    ስለዘገያችሁ ብዙም የምትቀይሩት ነገር አይኖርም፡፡
    እርግጥ ነው ህውሃት የሚባለውን ዘረኛ ድርጅት የፈጠርነው እኛው ነን፡፡ለአላማችንም በጥሩ ሁኔታ እየተጠቀምንበት ነው፡፡ለትግራይ ልሂቃን በአጠቃላዩ ተንኮልን ያሰተማርናቸውና ያሰለጠናቸው እኛው ነን፡፡ታሪካዊ ቅድስት ኢትዮጵያን በቁጥጥራችን ስር የማድረግ የረጅም ጊዜ ህልም ነበረን፡፡የእያንዳነዱን ኢትዮጵያዊ የህብረተሰብ ክፍል ስስ ብልትና አመለካከት በቂ ጊዜ ወስደን በቅጡ አጥንተን ነው የተንቀሳቀስነው፡፡በዘር በሃይማኖት በፆታ በእድሜ በሁሉም ዘርፍ ቀዳዳዎችን አጥንተናል፡፡ህልማችንን ለማሰካት ሀ-ብለን የጀመርነው ግን ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙን በመጣል ነበር፡፡ለምን ቢባል ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙ የእውነተኛይቱ ፅዬን ሀቀኛ የበላይ ጠባቂ ነበር፡፡ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙ እውነተኛ የፅዮን ልጅ እና ቀናኢ የኢትዮጵያ ሙሽራ ባልተቤት ነበር፡፡አሁን ግን ሙሽሪት ኢትዮጵያ በውሽሞች በደላሎች የቀን ጅቦች እና ተኩላዎች እንድትደዳር ነው ያደረግነው፡፡ንጉሱን ስንገረስስ ቀጥሎ ቤተክርስቲያኒቱንም ቀስ በቀስ ለመገዝገዝ እንደምንችል እናውቅ ነበር፡፡ምክንያቱም ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙና ቤተ-ክርስቲያን እጅና ጓንት ነበሩ፡፡ሁለቱ እጅና ጓንት ሆነው ኢትዮጵያን ጠንክረው ከውጪ ጠላት ለመከላከልና ማንነቷን ለማስጠበቅ ችለዋል፡፡ንጉሱን ለመጣል ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ ምህሩን ተጠቅመንበታል፡፡ምክንያቱም ምሁሩ ሳያገናዝብ ዝም ብሎ በመጤ አዲኦሎጂ በጭፍን የሚነዳ ከብት ነበር፡፡ሶሻሊዝም ስንለው ሶሻሊዝም ኮሙኒዝም ስንለው ኮሙኒዝም ይላል፡፡ቀጥሎ ደግሞ ካፒታሊዝም ስንለው ካፒታሊዝም ዲሞክራሲ ስንለው ዲሞክራሲ ሊበራሊዝም ስንለው ሊበራሊዝም ብሎ ይጮሃል፡፡የነገርነውን ነገር በደንብ ሳይመረምር እንደ ገደል ማሚቶ መልሶ ያስተጋባልናል፡፡የሀገሩንና የአለም ታሪክ ማገናዘብ የሚባል ነገር የለም፡፡የሰውንም ውስብስብ ባህሪ ገና በቅጡ አልተረዳም፡፡ይህንን ግልብ ምሁር እና ደርግን ተጠቅመን ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙን ስንገረስስ በዙሪያው ያለውንም የልሂቃን ስብስብ ጨምረን ነው አብረን ያዳከምነው የገረሰስነውና ያጠፋነው፡፡ንጉሳዊ አገዛዙን ብቻም ሳይሆን በዙሪያው ያለውን እርዝራዥ ልሂቃንና ወጣት ምሁሩንም ጭምር በቀይ-ሽብር ነጭ-ሽብር ለማጥፋት ደርግ የተባለውን ሃይል እስከመጨረሻው ውድቀቱ ድረስ በዘዴ ተጠቅመንበታል፡፡እንደዚህ እያደረግን የአላማችን ታማኝ አገልጋይ የሆኑትን የትግራይ ልሂቃኖችን ለስልጣን እስከምናበቃ ድረስ እውነተኛዎቹን የፅዮን ልጆችና ቀናኢ የኢትዮጵያን ባሎች ሁሉ ቀበቶ አስፈትተን ሱሪያቸውን በዘዴም በሃይልም ስናስወልቅ ቀጥሎ ኢትዮጵያንም የክብር ቀሚሷን እንደምናስወልቃት ሳይታለም የተፈታ ነበር፡፡ሀገር በሴት ትመሰላለች አይደል የሚባለው፡፡ታሪካዊት ድንግል ቅድስት ኢትዮጵያም የክብር ቀሚሷን አውልቃ በዘመኑ አባባል ሬፕ መደረግ ጀመረች፡፡በውሽሞች በደላሎች የቀን ጅቦች እና ተኩላዎች የምትተዳረው ኢትዮጵያ የክብር ቀሚሷን አውልቃ እንደ ሴተኛ አዳሪ ክብሯን ሸጣ በምታገኘው የውጪ ዶላር ዩሮና ፓውንድ አርተፊሻል የኢኮኖሚ እድገት እንድታስመዘግብ እያደረግን ነው፡፡የሚገርመው ደግሞ 15 ሚሊዮን ልጆቼ ተራቡብኝ እርዱኝ እያለችን ነው፡፡እኛ ግን ተይ አትቀልጂ እስኪ ቀናብለሽ ተመልከቺ ፎቁን መንገዱን አድገሻል ተመንደገሻል እያልናት ነው፡፡የኢኮኖሚ ሴክተሩንም ሆነ ተመዘገበ የሚባለውን አሳሳችና አርተፊሻል የኢኮኖሚ እድገቱን ለራሳችን አላማ በሚጠቅመን አቅጣጫ አስበንበት ነው ያዋቀርነው፡፡ስለዚህ 15 ሚሊዮን ህዝብ ቢራብ እና የቀረውም በገፍ ቢሰደድ ብዙም የሚገርም አይደለም፡፡ከላይ እንደተገለፀው የእያንዳንዱን የህብረተሰብ ክፍል ስስ ብልትና አመለካከት በደንብ አድርገን ውስጣ ውስጡን መርምረን አጥንተናል፡፡ምሁሩ ምን ይፈልጋል? ፖለቲከኛው ምን ይፈልጋል? ወጣቱ ምን ይፈልጋል?ሴቱ ምን ይፈልጋል?ወንዱ ምን ይፈልጋል?እስላሙ ክርስቲያኑ ምን ይፈልጋል ? ትግሬው አማራው ኦሮሞው ወዘተ ምን ይፈልጋል? ገጠሬው ከተሜው ምን ይፈልጋል? የሁሉንም እንደበአቱ ለማጥናት ሞክረናል፡፡ማስመሰልና ምስጢራዊነት የጥንካሬያችን ዋና ምንጭ ናቸው፡፡እራሱን እውነትን ሳይሆን እውነት የሚመስልን ነገር ማቅረብ እንዳለብን እንረዳ ነበር፡፡እውነትንማ ማንም ተስማምቶት እንደማይወደው እናውቃለን፡፡ምሁሩና ፖለቲከኛው ነፃ-ፕሬስ ዲሞክራሲና ሌሎችንም አይዲኦሎጂ የሚባሉትን ቲዎሬቲካል ነገሮች በጭፍን ማራገብ እንደሚወድ ተረድተናል፡፡ብዙም ተግበራዊነት የሌላቸውን ቲዎሬቲካል ነገሮች በማቅረብ ደረጃ በማስመሰል ክህሎታችን ተጠቅመን ማህበረሰቡን ማደናገር ችለናል፡፡የኢትዮጵያ ምሁርና ፖለቲከኛ ቀስ በቀስ እግዚአብሄር የሚለውን ጉዳይ ከልቦናውና ከአእምሮው እንዲፍቅና በአለማዊ እውቀቱ ብቻ እንዲመፃደቅ ማድረግ ችለናል፡፡ዳርዊንዝምን ሴኩላር-ሁማኒዝምን ኮሙኒዝምን ካፒታሊዝምን ሊበራሊዝምን ወዘተ ተመሳሳይ አስተሳሰቦችን በምሁሩና በፖለቲከኛው አስተሳሰብ ውስጥ አስርፀናል፡፡ሁሉም አይዲኦሎጂ እጃችን ያለበት የእኛው የፈጠራ ውጤት፡፡ነገር ግን የሁሉም ቲዎሬቲካል አይዲኦሎጂ ድብቅ አላማ መጨረሻ ላይ የሰውን ልጅ ከፈጣሪ አምልኮት ማስካድና የእኛ ተከታይ ማድረግ ነው፡፡በእርግጥ ሁሉንም የምናቀርባቸው በማር የተለወሱ መርዞች አድርገን ነው፡፡ለምሳሌ ሴኩላር-ሂዩማኒዝም ስንል ሰሙና ወርቁ የተለያየ ነው፡፡ውጪያዊ ሰሙ ለሰው ልጅ ከፍተኛ ሰብዓዊነትን ማላበስ ወይንም ለሰው ልጅ ሰብዓዊ ፍቅርና አክብሮት ማሳየት የሚል ሊመስል ይችላል፡፡ውስጣዊ ቅኔው ግን ሌላ ነው፡፡ ማለትም ሰው በራሱ ለራሱ አምላክ ነው ስለዚህም ሰው የአምላኩን መመርያ ሳይከተል የራሱን ውስጣዊ ፍላጎቱንና አመለካከቱን ብቻ በመከተል እውነተኛ ማንነቱን እና የመጨረሻውን የስውነት ደረጃውን እራሱ በራሱ ማግኘት ይችላል የሚል ነው፡፡በአጭሩ እግዚአብሄር የለም ማለት እራስህን አምልክ እራስህን ተከተል ማለት ነው፡፡እንደዚህ እያደረግን ብዙውን ምሁር አሳስተናል፡፡ወደ ወጣቱ ትውልድ ስንመጣ የአውሮፓ ኳስ ፊልም ጫትና አደንዛዥ እፅ ሌላውንም ብልጭልጭ ቁሳቁስ በገፍ አቅርበንለታል፡፡ለሴቶቹ ፋሽን ኮስሞቲክ እና በአጠቃላይ ብልጭልጭ የሆነውን ማቴሪያል ነገር ሁሉ በገፍ አቅርበንላቸዋል፡፡ይህ ብቻውን ስለማይበቃ ሴቶቹ በራሳቸው የቅዠት አለም ውስጥ እየተቅበዘበዙ እንዲኖሩ ማድረግ አለብን፡፡ለዚህም እንዲረዳን ስሜታዊና የተፈጥሮ ደካማ ጎናቸውን በመጠቀም የሴቶች ነፃነት የፆታ እኩልነት የሴቶች ጥቃት የሚለውን በመርዝ የተለወሰ ማር አቅርበንላቸዋል፡፡ሴቶች በተፈጥሯቸው አቅጣጫ መሪ ጠባቂና ሃይ ባይ ከሌላቸው በቀላሉ እንደሚበላሹ ጥንቱንም እናውቃለን፡፡ለዚህ እንዲረዳንም ፌሚንዝምን በማስፋፋት በወንዶችና በሴቶች መካከል ጥላቻንና ጥርጣሬን በማራገብ በመካከላቸው የፆታ ጦርነት ከፍተናል፡፡በመካከላቸው ድልድይ ሳይሆን ግንብ ገንበተናል፡፡ሴቱን ወንድ ወንዱን ሴት አድርገነዋል፡፡በፊልሙ በሚዲያው በመዝናኛው በአካዳሚው ወዘተ አማካኝነት ልቅ ወሲብን ሽርሙጥናን ግብረ-ሰዶምንና አስፋፍተናል፡፡እውነቱን ሃሰት ሀሰቱን እውነት ጥሩውን መጥፎ መጥፎውንም ጥሩ አስመስለን አቅርበነዋል፡፡በዚህም የማህበረሰቡን የቆየ ወግ ባህል ሞራል ሃይማኖት ታሪክ ፈሪሃ-እግዚአብሄር በርዘን እያፈራረስነው ነው፡፡ወሲብ ገንዘብና ስልጣን የሰው ልጅ ደካማ ስስ ብልቶች እንደሆኑ እናውቃለን፡፡የማህበረሰብ ዋና መሰረት የሆነውን በጋብቻ ጥምረት የሚፈጠረውን ቤተሰብ የሚባለውን የተከበረ የሰው ልጅ የቆየ ተፈጥሯዊና ማህበራዊ ተቋም ቀስ በቀስ ዋጋ እንዲያጣና እንዲፈራርስ እያደረግን ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ማህበረሰቡ በማንኛውም አቅጣጫ አንድ ሆኖ ተረጋግቶና ጠንክሮ አቅም አግኝቶ ሊታገለን አይችልም ማለት ነው፡፡በህብረተሰቡ ውስጥ የተለያዩ ጊዚያዊ አጀንዳዎችን በመፍጠር ከራሱ ውስጣዊ ማንነት እና ከአምላኩ ጋር የሚገናኝበት ማህበረሰባዊ ፋታ አሳጥተነዋል፡፡ለማህበረሰቡ ዲሞክራሲን እራሱን በራሱ ማጥፊያ እንዲሆን አድርገን አቅርበንለታል፡፡ቅድሚያ እራሱን በደንብ የማያውቅ ማህበረሰብ እንዴት ብሎ እራሱን በራሱ እንደ ሀገር ሊያስተዳድር ይቻለዋል?መንግስተ-ሰማያት እንኳን በተጋድሎ በእምነት ፅናትና በምግባር እንጂ በዲሞክራሲ ይገባል እንዴ?ዲሞክራሲና ነፃነት እንደ ተግባርህ የሃላፊነት ደረጃና መጠንህ በአቅምህ ተመጥኖልህ የምታገኘው የመብት ትሩፋት ነው፡፡እኛ የምናምነው እንደዚያ ነው፡፡ዋና ተቀናቃኞቻችንም የሚያምኑት እንደዚያ ይመስለናል፡፡ስለዚህ ዲሞክራሲ የሚባለው ቅዠት ለሁሉም ሰው ያን ያህል እንደማይሰራ ጥቂቶች ልሂቃን ብቻ ያውቁታል፡፡ዲሞክራሲ የሚባለውን ነገር ንጉሳዊ አገዛዞችና ቤተ-ክርስቲያን አንድ ሆነው የመሰረቱትን የቆየ ጠንካራ ስርአት ለመገርሰስ እንደ ዋና መሳሪያ ተጠቅመንበታል፡፡
    ምክንያቱም ህዝቡን እርስ በርሱ አስማምተው ከራሱም ከአምላክም ጋር አንድ እንዲሆን በማድረግ ለብዙ ዘመናት ዋና አስቸጋሪዎቹ ተቀናቃኞቻችን የሆኑት እነሱ ነበሩ፡፡ለማንኛውም ዲሞክራሲ የሚለውን የላም አለኝ በሰማይ ቅዠት ወይንም ኢሉዥናል ፋንታሲ በማህበረሰቡ ውስጥ ፈጥረናል፡፡የእኛ አጀንቱር ምሁራኖችና ፖለቲከኞቻችንንም ለዚህ የቅዠት ድራማ ተግባራዊነት እንዲረዱን ተባባሪ አድርገናቸዋል፡፡ህዝቡን ሳይሆን እኛን ነው የሚያገለግሉት፡፡ምክንያቱም እኛ ነን ጠቀም ያለ ገንዘብ ፈንድ የምናደርጋቸውና በምርጫ ሽፋን ለስልጣን የምናበቃቸው፡፡ በዩዘሪ እና እስፔኩሌሽን ላይ በዋናነት የተመሰረተው ዘመናዊው አለም-አቀፋዊው ፋይናንስ ካፒታሊዝም አለምን በማንኛውም አቅጣጫ በመዳፋችን ቁጥጥር ስር ለማድረግ የተጠቀምንበት የራሳችን ንብረት የፈጠራ ውጤት ነው፡፡ህውሃቶች ዶላር ከሰጠናቸውና ስልጣናቸውን ከጠበቅንላቸው ሀገሪቱን ከነህዝቦቿ አሳልፈው እንደሚሸጡሉን እንተማመናለን፡፡በእርግጥ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ዜጋው በገዛ ሀገሩ የህውሃቶች የመሬት ጭሰኛ ተደርጓል፡፡በገዛ ሀገሩ ሀገሩን ተቀምቶ ከሁለተኛ ዜጋ በታች እንዲወርድ ተደርጓል፡፡ህውሃቶች መሬትና በገፍ የሚያትሙት ብራቸው ከእኛ ሁለ-ገብ ድጋፍ ጋር ተጨምሮ ሌላውን ዘር በተለይም አማራውን እያሰቃዩና እየገፈተሩ ሀገሪቱን በማንኛውም አቅጣጫ ለመቆጣጠር አስችሏቸዋል፡፡ይህ አካሄድ መጨረሻው ጥሩ እንደማይሆን እናውቃለን፡፡ነገር ግን አላማችንን እስካሳካልን ድረስ ማን ወደቀ ማን ተነሳ ግዳችን አይደለም፡፡ጦር ማዝመት ሳያስፈልገን ገንዘብና ቁሳቁስ ብቻ በማቅረብና ባህሉን ሃይማኖቱን ታሪኩን በመበረዝና በዘር በሃይማኖት በፆታ እርስ በርስ በማናከስ ብቻ ኢትዮጵያን በቁጥጥራችን ስር አድርገን ቀስ በቀስ ለማፈራረስ እድሉን አግኝተናል፡፡አላማችንን ለማሳካት ስንል ለአገልጋዮቻችን በገፍ የምናቀርበው ገንዘብና ቁሳቁስ ጠቀሜታው ወደ መታሰሪያው በረት ወይንም ወደመታረጃው የሚያመራው በሬ አሞሌ ጨው እየላሰ እንደሚሄደው ከብት ማለት ነው፡፡በተረፈ ኤትኒክ ፖለቲክስ ስለምትሉት ጉዳይ ከአላማችን ውጪ የትኛውም በሄር የሚባለው ነገር ለእኛ የተለየ ወዳጃችንም ሆነ ጠላታችን አይደለም፡፡
    ለትግሬው ያለን ጊዚያዊ ወዳጅነትም ሆነ አማራ ከሚባለው ጋር ያለን ጊዚያዊ ቅራኔ ከአላማችን እና አላማችን ጋር ብቻ የተያያዘ ነው፡፡አላማችንን እስከደገፈ ድረስ ሁሉም ጊዚያዊ ወዳጃችን ነው አላማችንንም እስከተቃወመ ድረስ ሁሉም ጊዚያዊ ባላንጣታችን ነው፡፡ለእኛ ሁሉም የአዳም ዘር አንድ አይነት ነው፡፡እኛ እንደዚያ ነው የምንመለከተው፡፡የእናንተን አመለካከት ግን አናውቅም፡፡
    እርግጥ ነው የእያንዳንዱን በሄር ወይንም ሃይማኖት ስስ ብልትና አመለካከት ለራሳችን አላማ እንደመዳረሻ በጊዚያዊ መሳርያነት በብልሃት እየተጠቀምንበት ነው፡፡ሁሉንም ነጣጥለን ተራ በተራ እየለየን ለማዳከምና ለመምታት እንዲመቸን እያንዳንዱ በየራሱ የነፃነትና የዲሞክራሲ የቅዠት አለም ኢሉዥን ውስጥ እንዲኖር እድል ፈጥረንለታል፡፡በአጭሩ ብሄር በሄረሰብን ለከፋፍለህ ግዛው ስልታችን በዘዴ እየተጠቀምንበት ነው፡፡የህውሃት ተቃዋሚ ናቸው የሚባሉቱ ብዙዎቹ ተቃዋሚ ተብዬዎችም የኢትዮጵያ ምሁራኖችና ፖለቲከኞች በፀጉር ስንጠቃ ንትርክ ጥቃቅን ልዩነቶቻቸውን እያራገቡ ለሀገራቸውም ለህዝባቸውም ትርጉም ያለው ስራ እንዳይሰሩ ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ እያልን በአፍራሽ ተግባር ውስጥ ተብትበን ይዘናቸዋል፡፡ለምንድነው ተስማምታችሁ አንድ ትርጉም ያለው ነገር ለሀገራችሁና ለህዝባችሁ የማትሰሩት ሲባሉ የሚመልሱት መልስ አለመስማማትም ዲሞክራሲያዊ መብታችን ነው የሚል የምሁራዊ የድንቁርና መልስ እንዲሰጡ እያደርግናቸው ነው፡፡ምናልባትም መለሳችን ኢዲዬት ብሎ የሰደባቸው ለዚህ ሳይሆን አይቀርም ይባላል፡፡
    ብዙዎቹ እርስ በርስ መጠላለፍን እንደ አዋቂነት የሚቆጥሩ ብልጣብልጥ አድርባይ ከሃዲዎችና ሆዳሞች ናቸው፡፡ስልጣንን የሚያዩት የራሳቸው ሊያደርጓት እንደሚጎመጁባት ቆንጆ ልጃገረድ ሴት አድርገው ነው፡፡የስልጣን ክብሩንና ጥቅሙን እንጂ ይዞት የሚመጣውን ሃላፊነትና መዘዝ ፈፅሞ አይረዱትም፡፡በዚህ ባህሪያቸው ለእኛ ጥሩ ታማኝ አገልጋይ መሳሪያዎች ሆነው እያገለገሉን ነው፡፡ብዙዎቹን ተቃዋሚ ተብዬዎችን ህዝቡን እንዲያደናግሩልን ህውሃቶቻችን ደግሞ እኛ በምንፈልገው መንገድ ህዝቡን እንዲገዙልን ያስቀመጥናቸው አገልጋዮቻችን ናቸው፡፡ሁለቱም በየፊናቸው የእኛኑ ስራ ነው የሚሰሩልን፡፡ከዚህ አንፃር የትግሬ ልሂቃን ባንዳዎች በብዛት ግንባር ቀደም መሪ አገልጋዮቻችን ናቸው፡፡ነገር ግን ከሁሉም ብሄር ብሄረሰብ ከአማራውም ከኦሮሞውም ከጉራጌውም ከሌላውም ተመሳሳይ አገልጋይ ልሂቃን ባንዳዎችን በየደረጃውና በየአይነቱ ለምንፈልገው ተግባር በየአቅጣጫው አሰልፈናል፡፡ነገር ግን ለእኛ አስቸጋሪ ፈተና የሆኑቱ ብሩህ አእምሮ የታደሉቱ ብልሆቹና ቀናኢዎቹ ኢትዮጵያውያኖች ጥቂቶች ናቸው፡፡እነዚህን አብዛኛዎቹን ቀናኢ ኢትዮጵያውያን ለእኛ አደገኛ ስለሆኑ ቀስ በቀስ በሂደት በዘዴ ግማሾቹን አዳክመናቸዋል ግማሾቹን አስወግደናቸዋል፡፡ለወደፊቱ ግባችን ዋና ፈተና ሆና የተጋረጠችብን ቤተ-ክርስቲያኑቱና እርሷን የመጨረሻ የህልውናቸው መሸሸጊያ ያደረጉና በእምነታቸው የፀኑ ምእመናን ብቻ ነው፡፡ለዚህ ፈተና ዋና ጋሻችን ገንዘባችን ነው ብለን እናስባለን፡፡ቤቴን የንግድ ቤት አደረጋችሁት ብሎ በጅራፍ ገርፎ የሚያባርረን ያለ አይመስለንም፡፡በገንዘብ የማንገዛው ነገር የለምና፡፡ቤተ-ክርስቲያኒቱን ልማት በሚል አሳሳች ፈሊጥ ከሃይማኖትና መንፈሳዊ ተቋምነት ወደ አለማዊ የኢኮኖሚ ተቋምነት ለመቀየር ቀስ በቀስ ጥረት እናደርጋለን፡፡በገንዘብ የገዛናቸውን የራሳችንን ሰዎች ወይንም አጀንቱር እንደተለመደው በሁሉም መንግስታዊና መንግስታዊ ባልሆኑ ተቋማት ውስጥ በሰፊው በኢንፍልትሬሽን አስርገን አስገብተናል፡፡ሁልጊዜም እንደምናደርገው በገንዘባችን ብዙ አርተፊሻል ድርጅቶችንና ሃይማኖቶችን እንደአሸን እንዲፈሉ ማድረግ እንችላለን፡፡እውነተኛውን ጥሩውንና ንፁሁን ነገር ሁሉ የምናበላሸው የምናዳክመውና የምናጠፋው በቀጥታ ፊት ለፊት በመጋፈጥና በመቃወም አይደለም፡፡ከፊት ከኋላ ከግራ ከቀኝ ከላይ ከታች በሁሉም አቅጣጫ የውሸት ነገሮችን አመሳስለን በማቅረብና በሂደት ቀስ በቀስ በማሳሳትና አቅጣጫ በማሳት ነው፡፡እናንተ ፐርቨርዥን የምትሉትን ተግባራዊ በማድረግ ማለት ነው፡፡ሌላው ያው እንደሚታወቀው ማስመሰለንም በእጅጉ የተካንበት ነው፡፡ከውጪ ያማረ የተፃፈ የታይታ ህጋችንን ለህዝባዊ መልካም ግንኙነታችን ማሳመሪያነት አልፎ አልፎ ስንጠቀምበት በአብዛኛው በተግባር የምንፈፅመው ግን ያልተፃፈውን የውስጥ ህጋችንን ነው፡፡ላለፉት 25 ዓመታት በኢትዮጵያ ላይ የሰራነው ስራ ይኸው ነው፡፡ኢትዮጵያ እንደ አቡነ-ጴጥሮስ አይነት ቀናኢ የሃይማኖትና የሀገር ሰማእት እንደሌላት ተረድተናል፡፡ሁሉም በጥቅምና በስልጣን ሀገሩን እንደሚሸጥ አውቀናል፡፡የሚላስ የሚቀመስ ያጣ ብዙ ሚሊዮን ኢትዮጵያዊ እንዳለ ሁሉ ወገኑን እየዘረፈ በሙስና ሀብት አከማችቶ የስጋ ምቾቱ ቁንጣን እረፍት የነሳውን የህብረተሰብ ክፍልም ለእኛ እንደሚታረድ ከብት ወደፈለግነው አቅጣጫ እየመራን ለራሳችን መጠቀሚያ ለማድረግ ብዙም አይከብደንም፡፡ስለዚህም በጥቅምና በስልጣን ብቻም ሳይሆን አንዳንዴም በወሲብ ቅሌት ጭምር የፈለግነውን ማንበርከክና የአላማችን አስፈፃሚ አገልጋይ ማድረግ እንችላለን፡፡በኢትዮጵያችሁ ውስጥ ድህነትንም ሀብትንም ጎን ለጎን በተቃራኒ አቅጥጫ ግራና ቀኝ ስናስፋፋ ሁለቱንም ለራሳችን መጠቀሚያ ለማድረግ እንዲመቸን አድርገን አስበን ነው፡፡ድሃውም በድህነቱ ሃብታሙም ለምቾቱ የእኛው ጥገኛ እንዲሆን በማድረግ ሁለቱንም ከአምላካቸው እንዲራራቁ ማድረግ ዋና አላማችን ነው፡፡ሃብታሙ ለምቾቱ ድሃውም ለህልውናው ሰርቫይቫል ቀጣይነት ሲል በቀጥታም ሆነ በተዘዋዋሪ የእኛው የእኛው ጥገኞች ሆነዋል፡፡በዚህም እያንዳንዱ የህብረተሰብ ክፍል እርካታና እርጋታ የተለየው ተቅበዝባዥ እንዲሆን ማድረግ ችለናል፡፡የሰውነት ባህሪውን እየረሳ ወደ እንስሳዊ የአውሬነት ባህሪ እንዲቀየር እያደርግነው ነው፡፡
    አንገቱ ላይ ባስገባንለት ልጓም ወደፈለግነው አቅጣጫ ልንጋልበውና ልንመራው በእጃችን ስር ነው፡፡
    እንደ ባህሪውና አመለካከቱ የእስር ገመዳችንን ያሳጠርንበትም ሆነ ያስረዘምንለት የህብረተሰብ ክፍል ዞሮ ዞሮ በእኛው በረት ውስጥ ነው ያለው፡፡አንድ ነገር ብቻ ነው ከእኛ መዳፍ ወይንም የባርነት ቀንበር ስር ሊያወጣችሁ የሚችለው፡፡እውቀታችሁ?ሃሃ ሄሄ ይህማ ከእኛ አዋቂና ጠቢብ የሆነ ላሳር ነው፡፡ያውም ግልብ የሆነው ጥራዝ-ነጠቅ እውቀታችሁና ጥበባችሁ ሊያድናችሁ? ሃሃ ሄሄ ይህማ አያድናችሁም፡፡ፈፅሞ ፈፅሞ፡፡የአለማዊ አስተሳሰብ ፍቅራችሁና አንድነታችሁ? ሃሃ ሄሄ ይህም እውቀትና ጥበብ የሌለው የቁጥር ብዛት አንድነት መንጋ መሆን ብቻውን ምንም ዋጋ የለውም፡፡
    በአምላካችሁ ላይ ባላችሁ የፀናና የጠራ ፍቅራችሁና እምነታችሁ የፀጋ ልጅነታችሁን ማስጠበቅ ስትችሉ ብቻ ነው ከእኛ ባርነት ነፃ መውጣት የምትችሉት፡፡ይህንን ፈተናችንን ተቋቁሞ ከእኛ የባርነት ቀንበር ነፃ ለመውጣት የሚችል ካለ ይህንን ካላይ ያለውን እውነት አሳውቀን ከእስራታችን ለመፈታት የሚችል ካለ እድሉን እንሰጣለን፡፡እኛም እንደ አምላካችሁና እንደ አምላካችን በነፃ-ፍቃድ ላይ የተመሰረተ የመወሰን እድል መርህን በማክበር እናምናለን፡፡እሳቱም ይኸው ውሃውም ይኸው እጅህን የፈለክበት ስደድ እንደሚባለው ማለት ነው፡፡ከዚያ ውጪ እየነካካችሁ አታናግሩን፡፡እናንተም ወደ ስራችሁ እኛም ወደ ስራችን፡

  13. Wake-Up
    | #13

    The first question every politician and intellectual has to raise is as follows.
    Who rules this world?
    In my spiritual view almighty God rules not only the world but also the entire universe or omni-verse. Well eventually omniscient, omnipresent and almighty God is the one who has the final say on every thing be it Satan(Lucifer), this world and the entire universe or omni-verse. However, Satan has been granted his own share to rule this world by almighty God. Satan has been granted permission by God to rule those who do not obey to God or those who denied God. Therefore the ruling or governance of this world has been divided in to two main camps. The first camp is those who deny Satan and only obey to God and derive their power from God. The second camp is those who deny God and obey to their own god Satan and then derive their power from Satan. Since most of the world gradually has gone astray or deviated from obeying and worshiping almighty God then Satan has managed to use its promised right to rule this world. Political power in almost all parts of the world has been clandestinely and gradually hijacked by the shadowy Satanic forces. Globalization, which is another name of NWO (New World Order) , is the work of Satan. UN is the vehicle that paves the way for NWO. Actually Satan has always employed multi-front battles against the entire humanity by using different camouflages. Hegelian dialectics of artificially created but controlled factions based on Thesis -Vs -Anti-thesis and then creating the Thesis is the main modus-operandi of Satan. This is how world politics has run for millennia. The artificially created and managed conflicts and the resulting devastating wars all over across the globe under different disguises (including the ethnic politics and its conflicts in Ethiopia) is the work of Satan. Those satanic shadowy political forces periodically sacrifice human life for their Lucifer in order to harness and secure their satanic power and its secular privileges. Look the many ware here and there.Wars have so many advantages for these shadowy satanic forces. First they make lucrative business out of it by using the MIC(Military Industrial Complex) sector for destruction and then use other sectors as a means for the next reconstruction and rehabilitation. Second they take it as a sacrifice for Satan. Third they take it as a depopulation mechanism for the growing world population. Wars are used first as a means of immediately and directly killing and maiming human beings. Second it is used as a mean of physical and spiritual impoverishment in order to gradually and indirectly kill humanity by the indirect destruction of the man-made infrastructure and spoilage of natural resources. That is why satanic forces every time instigate and engineer wars, civil unrest and violence in society. Order out of chaos is their mantra. What do you think why this whole world is in chaos from time to time ? The satanic forces have an age-old plan of erecting their satanic world government. To attain this goal they have to abolish all sovereign nation-states including USA by any means feasible .To attain this goal they use all means of attacks using financial, economic, military, religious, cultural, historical, moral, psychological. They use every means to weaken, destabilize and disintegrate every nation-state one after the other.
    When you surrender and obey to Satan you have to have an oath of allegiance agreements which you have to fulfill as your commitment. So many of very famous politicians, leaders, business men, intellectuals, militarists, celebrities, professionals who control the front stage world events are controlled dupes who knowingly or unknowingly are slaves of shadowy satanic forces. They are mind controlled by satanic mind programming institutions like the Tavistock Institute run by CIA.The final tragic fate of so many black American celebrities is because of this reason. The satanic forces lure and mislead so many of such famous celebrities for their own objective. Actually every time some one is elevated to the heights of idolization as a celebrity most of the time something is behind such persons. Without the backing of such shadowy satanic forces no one can reach to the heights of such idolization. Take Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston and others. Recently the idolized Beyonce has emerged emulating as Jesus Christ .As we all know Beyonce is female. Female idolization is the sinister work of shadowy stannic forces. Why do you think feminism is very much inculcated under different disguises? To the contrary why very sinister men victimization and emasculation is so rampant world wide?
    What is the insidious agenda of gender-war? To get the answer it is written in Bible that Satan (as a serpent incarnate) first tempted and misled Eve to disobey God. What Satan duped eve was in to believing the idolization of her-self to emulate like God. And Satan is using that same old-age insidious technique to deceive the entire humanity by using the unbridled idolization of feminine. The root of feminism is very satanic. Gender-war is the work of Satan. Look how the entire entertainment industry and the media is doing it in an organized but very subtle and clandestine manner. There is no such a thing as patriarchy and matriarchy gender-war in a sane natural and spiritual sense and only the rule of almighty God has to prevail. The artificially induced gender-war between the patriarchy (masculine) and matriarchy (feminine) is very satanic. This type of conflict, including the original-sin ,has been reconciled and harmonized through Christ in the spiritual assimilation of the son lord Jesus Christ and the mother saint Mary. Therefore as a Christian if we have to idolize or worship if any, then what we have to worship or idolize the feminine is through saint marry and the masculine through Jesus-Christ and not through Beyonce or the likes of some other satanically possessed and mind-controlled freaks.
    Finally to know about satanic mind control and what had happened to Michael Jackson and others please read as follows. Remember what Michael Jackson did when he reached the apex of his performance in to composing and performing THRILLER.

  14. Old-Man
    | #14

    ፖለቲከኞች ምሁራኖች እባካችሁ የሽማግሌ ምክር እስኪ ስሙ፡፡
    እንደናንተ ፖለቲካ ፓርቲ መስርተን ሀገር ለመምራት አንችልም፡፡
    ምክንያቱም እድሜያችን ገፍቷል፡፡በመሰረቱ እኔ የዘመኑ ሰዎች አይነት ፖለቲከኛ አይደለሁም፡፡
    እንደዚህ አይነት ፖለቲከኛ ለመሆንም ፍላጎት ኖሮኝ አያውቅም፡፡
    ነገር ግን ቀጣዩ ትውልድ ሀገር አልባ ሆኖ በእኩይ ሃይሎች እየተሰቃየ እንዲገዛና እንዲጠፋ አንፈልግም፡፡የዜግነትና የሰብአዊነት ግዴታ አለብን፡፡እያወቅን ዝም ብንል በታሪክ በህሊናችንና በፈጣሪ ዘንድ ተጠያቂ እንሆናለን፡፡ስለዚህ ከህይወት ተሞክሯችን የቀሰምነው ልምድ ብናካፍላችሁ ጥሩ ነው፡፡እውነት መራራ ስለሆነ ቢመራችሁም ተጋፈጡት፡፡በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ የሀገራችሁን የዓለምን አጠቃላይ ሁኔታ ከቅዱስ መፅሀፍ ብትረዱ ጥሩ ነው፡፡የአለም ፖለቲካን በቅጡ ለመረዳት ከ ኦሪት-ዘፍጥረት ጀምራችሁ መጨረሻውን ደግሞ ከዮሀንስ ራእይ ላይ ለመረዳት ሞክሩ፡፡ይህንን ለመረዳት ደግሞ የበቁ እውነተኛ የሃይማኖት አባቶችን አማክሩ፡፡አለማዊ እውቀት ብቻውን ስለ ፖለቲካ ለመረዳት በቂ አይደለም፡፡ሀገርን ህዝብን በብቃት በጥበብ ለመምራት መንፈሳዊ እውቀትም እጅግ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ዝም ብላችሁ ትናንትም ዛሬም ነገም ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ እያላችሁ የምታወሩትን ተመሳሳይ ነገር ጋብ አድርጉት፡፡ይህ አለም እና አጠቃላዩ ህይወት ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ ከሚባለው ጠባብ እይታ እጅገ የተወሳሰበና የሰፋ ነገር በውስጡ እንደያዘ ልንረዳ ይገባል፡፡ሁልጊዜ ተመሳሳይ ነገሮችን ነው የምንሰማው የምናነበው፡፡ችግሩ መከራው ግራ መጋባቱ ግን ከእለት እለት እየባሰ እየቀጠለ እንጂ ሲቀንስ አይታይም፡፡ስለዚህ ከእኛም ዘንድ አንድ የሆነ ችግር እንዳለ ያመላክታል፡፡ይቅርታ አድርጉልኝና ተቃዋሚ የምትባሉት ሃይሎች የምትሰሩትን ነገር በትክክል አላወቃችሁትም ብዬ ለመናገር እደፍራለሁ፡፡ብልህና ጠቢባን ሰዎች ጠላቶቻችን ከሚሏቸው ጭምር ብዙ ነገር ይማራሉ፡፡ስለዚህ ተቃዋሚ የምትባሉት ሁሉ እንኳንስ ከእንደኔ አይነቱ ሽማግሌ አይደለም ከራሱ ከወያኔ ብዙ ነገር ለመማር ትችላላችሁ፡፡ቅድሚያ እራሱን የማያውቅ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ ጠላቴ የሚለውን ምንነት የማያውቅ ትግል ውስጥ ባይገባ ጥሩ ነው፡፡እንደዚህ አይነቱ ለራሱም ለተከታዩም ውድቀትና ውርደት ነው የሚያስከትለው፡፡
    ወደ ነጥቡ ለመምጣት የዘር ፖለቲካ አጥብቀው ከያዙት የራሱ አስፈሪ እውነት አይኖረውም ለማለት አይቻልም፡፡ምናልባትም አሳ ጎርጓሪ ዘንዶ ያወጣል እንዳይሆንብን እንጂ፡፡አለም በሁለት ዘሮች መካከል ከስነ-ፍጥረት ጀምሮ እርስ በርስ ሲፋጭ እንደኖረ ኦሪት-ዘፍጥረትን ማንበብ ይቻላል፡፡ለእውነተኛነቱና ለትክክለኛ ትርጉሙ የበቁ የሃይማኖት ሰዎችን ማማከርና መረዳት ይቻላል፡፡ቃየን ወንድሙን አቤልን ለምን ገደለው?የመጀመሪያው ነፍሰ ገዳይ ቃየን ነበረ ማለት ነው፡፡ቃየን ወንድሙን በምን ገደለው? መቼም በጠመንጃ ወይንም በመትረየስ ወይንም በመድፍ እንዳልሆነ ግን ለመገመት ይቻላል፡፡ነገር ግን አንዱ ሌላውን መግደል በቃየን ተጀምሮ ዛሬ የደረሰበትን መረዳት እንችላለን፡፡እርስ በርስ ለመገዳደል ጠመንጃ መትረየስ መድፍ ሚሳይል ጀት አልበቃ ብሎ ዛሬ ሌላ ደረጃ ተደረሰ፡፡የኒውክሊየር ቦንብ ለምን ተፈጠረ?ሂሮሽማና ናጋሳኪን ካጠፋው ቦንብ አስርና ሃያ እጅ የሚበልጥ የኒውክሊየር ቦንብ ለምን ተፈጠረ?
    እንግዲህ ይህ አይነት የተራቀቀ አደገኛ ሰው ጨራሽ ቦንብ ነጭ ከጥቁር አርያን ከአይሁድ እስላም ከክርስቲያን አማራ ከትግሬ ብሎ የማይመርጥ የመጨረሻው የሰው ልጅ መጠፋፊያ መሳሪያ ነው፡፡ይህ የሚያሳየው አንድ የሆነ ዘር የተቀረውን መላውን የሰው ዘር ረግጦ የመግዛት ካልሆነ ደግሞ ጭራሽኑ የማጥፋት ሰይጣናዊ አጀንዳ እንደሚያራምድ ግልፅ ነው፡፡ፖለቲከኞቻችን ዘወትር ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር-በሄረሰብ እያሉ ያወራሉ አሁን በአለም ላይ የሚታየው አጠቃላይ ሁኔታ ግን ፈፅሞ ከዚህ የተለየ አስፈሪና አስጨናቂ ነው፡፡ሀገራት እየፈራረሱ ወደ ጥንታዊ ጋርዮሽ ተቀይረው ህዝብ እየተሰደደ እየተሰቃየና እያለቀ ነው፡፡አለም በከፍተኛ የሚሊታሪ ውጥረት ውስጥ ነው ያለችው፡፡አንዳንዶች እንደሚሉት ከመስከረም-11 የኒዎርክ የሽብር ጥቃት በኋላ የ3ኛው የዓለም ጦርነት ገና ድሮ አስቀድሞ ተጀምሯል ነው የሚባለው፡፡ለምሳሌ በሶርያ ያለው ሁኔታ ወደ 3ኛው የዓለም ጦርነት እንዳያመራ የሚያስፈራ ነው፡፡ከዚህ ምን እንረዳለን?አማራ ትግሬ ኦሮሞ እስላም ክርስቲያን እያልን እርስ በርስ መተላለቅ እኛ የማናውቀው አንድ የሆነ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ግብር ጭዳ መሆን ነው፡፡አንዳንድ የሰለጠነው ዓለም ሊቃውንት እንደሚናገሩት ከሆነ አሁን ከሚታየው የሰው ልጅ አጠቃላይ እርስ በርስ መናከስና መተላለቅ ጀርባ አንድ የሆነ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል አለ ነው የሚሉት፡፡ይህ ማለት በሰዎች መካከል በዘር በሃይማኖት በፆታ በእውቀት በስልጣኔ ወዘተ ደረጃ የፍላጎት ወይንም የአመለካከት ልዩነትና አለመግባባት ወይንም ግጭት የለም ለማለት አይደለም፡፡ነገር ግን በሰዎች በካከል ያለ የፍላጎት ወይንም የአመለካከት ልዩነትና አለመግባባት ብቻውን የሰውን ልጅ በኒውክሊየር ለመጠፋፋት እስከመፋጠጥ የሚያደርስ መሆን አለበትዎይ የሚለው ወሳኝ ጥያቄ ነው?ኒውክሊየር የመጨረሻው መጠፋፊያ መሳርያ ይሁን እንጂ በእርግጥ የሰው ልጅ እለት በእለት በሌሎች ድምፅ በሌላቸው መሳሪያዎች በተለያየ መንገድ እያለቀ ነው፡፡ሃሳቤን የማጠቃልለው የዘረኝነት ጉዳይ አጥብቆ ከተነሳ የሰው ልጅ እርስ በርሱ የተፋጠጠውና በስተመጨረሻ የሚጠፋፋው በሁለት ዋና-ዋና ዘሮች መካከል ባለ የማይታረቅ ተቃርኖ ወይንም ጠላትነት የተነሳ ነው፡፡የአለም አጠቃላይ
    ታሪክ፣የስልጣኔ፣የቴክኖሎጂ፣ሚሊታሪ፣ፆታዊ፣ማህበራዊ፣ባህላዊ፣ኢኮኖሚያዊ፣ፖለቲካዊ፣ሃይማኖታዊና መንፈሳዊ አጠቃላይ መስተጋብር ላይ የነዚህ ሁለት ዘሮች ጉዳይ ግንባር ቀደም ወሳኝ ሚና አለው፡፡ይህም ወሳኝ የሰው ልጅ ጉዳይ ከኦሪት-ዘፍጥረት ጀምሮ በዮሀንስ ራእይ የሚያበቃ ሆኖ በእነዚህ ሁለቱ ቅዱስ መፅሀፍት ላይ የሚገኝ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ይህንን ስናስብ ነጭ ጥቁር አማራ ኦሮሞ ትግሬ ብሎ የከረረ የዘረኝነት ፀብ ውስጥ መግባትና እርስ በርስ መጠፋፋቱ አጉል ሞኝነት ነው፡፡አንዳንዴ ሁላችንም የአዳም ዘር መሆናችንን ማሰብም ይጠቅማል፡፡ሌሎች ጥቃቅን ልዩነቶቻችንን አምነንና አክብረን በጋራ ለሰው ልጅ ደህንነትና ህልውና በጋራ መስራት ይበጀናል፡፡ሁሉም የአዳም ዘሮች ከሚያለያዩን ጥቃቅን ነገሮች ይልቅ አንድ የሚያደርገን የጋራ ነገር ይበልጣል፡፡ይህንን አለመረዳት ለከፋው የጋራ ጠላታችን እራስን አሳልፎ መስጠት ነው የሚሆነው፡፡

    ፖለቲከኞች ምሁራኖች እባካችሁ የሽማግሌ ምክር እስኪ ስሙ፡፡
    እንደናንተ ፖለቲካ ፓርቲ መስርተን ሀገር ለመምራት አንችልም፡፡
    ምክንያቱም እድሜያችን ገፍቷል፡፡በመሰረቱ እኔ የዘመኑ ሰዎች አይነት ፖለቲከኛ አይደለሁም፡፡
    እንደዚህ አይነት ፖለቲከኛ ለመሆንም ፍላጎት ኖሮኝ አያውቅም፡፡
    ነገር ግን ቀጣዩ ትውልድ ሀገር አልባ ሆኖ በእኩይ ሃይሎች እየተሰቃየ እንዲገዛና እንዲጠፋ አንፈልግም፡፡የዜግነትና የሰብአዊነት ግዴታ አለብን፡፡እያወቅን ዝም ብንል በታሪክ በህሊናችንና በፈጣሪ ዘንድ ተጠያቂ እንሆናለን፡፡ስለዚህ ከህይወት ተሞክሯችን የቀሰምነው ልምድ ብናካፍላችሁ ጥሩ ነው፡፡እውነት መራራ ስለሆነ ቢመራችሁም ተጋፈጡት፡፡በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ የሀገራችሁን የዓለምን አጠቃላይ ሁኔታ ከቅዱስ መፅሀፍ ብትረዱ ጥሩ ነው፡፡የአለም ፖለቲካን በቅጡ ለመረዳት ከ ኦሪት-ዘፍጥረት ጀምራችሁ መጨረሻውን ደግሞ ከዮሀንስ ራእይ ላይ ለመረዳት ሞክሩ፡፡ይህንን ለመረዳት ደግሞ የበቁ እውነተኛ የሃይማኖት አባቶችን አማክሩ፡፡አለማዊ እውቀት ብቻውን ስለ ፖለቲካ ለመረዳት በቂ አይደለም፡፡ሀገርን ህዝብን በብቃት በጥበብ ለመምራት መንፈሳዊ እውቀትም እጅግ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ዝም ብላችሁ ትናንትም ዛሬም ነገም ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ እያላችሁ የምታወሩትን ተመሳሳይ ነገር ጋብ አድርጉት፡፡ይህ አለም እና አጠቃላዩ ህይወት ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር ብሄረሰብ ከሚባለው ጠባብ እይታ እጅገ የተወሳሰበና የሰፋ ነገር በውስጡ እንደያዘ ልንረዳ ይገባል፡፡ሁልጊዜ ተመሳሳይ ነገሮችን ነው የምንሰማው የምናነበው፡፡ችግሩ መከራው ግራ መጋባቱ ግን ከእለት እለት እየባሰ እየቀጠለ እንጂ ሲቀንስ አይታይም፡፡ስለዚህ ከእኛም ዘንድ አንድ የሆነ ችግር እንዳለ ያመላክታል፡፡ይቅርታ አድርጉልኝና ተቃዋሚ የምትባሉት ሃይሎች የምትሰሩትን ነገር በትክክል አላወቃችሁትም ብዬ ለመናገር እደፍራለሁ፡፡ብልህና ጠቢባን ሰዎች ጠላቶቻችን ከሚሏቸው ጭምር ብዙ ነገር ይማራሉ፡፡ስለዚህ ተቃዋሚ የምትባሉት ሁሉ እንኳንስ ከእንደኔ አይነቱ ሽማግሌ አይደለም ከራሱ ከወያኔ ብዙ ነገር ለመማር ትችላላችሁ፡፡ቅድሚያ እራሱን የማያውቅ ቀጥሎ ደግሞ ጠላቴ የሚለውን ምንነት የማያውቅ ትግል ውስጥ ባይገባ ጥሩ ነው፡፡እንደዚህ አይነቱ ለራሱም ለተከታዩም ውድቀትና ውርደት ነው የሚያስከትለው፡፡
    ወደ ነጥቡ ለመምጣት የዘር ፖለቲካ አጥብቀው ከያዙት የራሱ አስፈሪ እውነት አይኖረውም ለማለት አይቻልም፡፡ምናልባትም አሳ ጎርጓሪ ዘንዶ ያወጣል እንዳይሆንብን እንጂ፡፡አለም በሁለት ዘሮች መካከል ከስነ-ፍጥረት ጀምሮ እርስ በርስ ሲፋጭ እንደኖረ ኦሪት-ዘፍጥረትን ማንበብ ይቻላል፡፡ለእውነተኛነቱና ለትክክለኛ ትርጉሙ የበቁ የሃይማኖት ሰዎችን ማማከርና መረዳት ይቻላል፡፡ቃየን ወንድሙን አቤልን ለምን ገደለው?የመጀመሪያው ነፍሰ ገዳይ ቃየን ነበረ ማለት ነው፡፡ቃየን ወንድሙን በምን ገደለው? መቼም በጠመንጃ ወይንም በመትረየስ ወይንም በመድፍ እንዳልሆነ ግን ለመገመት ይቻላል፡፡ነገር ግን አንዱ ሌላውን መግደል በቃየን ተጀምሮ ዛሬ የደረሰበትን መረዳት እንችላለን፡፡እርስ በርስ ለመገዳደል ጠመንጃ መትረየስ መድፍ ሚሳይል ጀት አልበቃ ብሎ ዛሬ ሌላ ደረጃ ተደረሰ፡፡የኒውክሊየር ቦንብ ለምን ተፈጠረ?ሂሮሽማና ናጋሳኪን ካጠፋው ቦንብ አስርና ሃያ እጅ የሚበልጥ የኒውክሊየር ቦንብ ለምን ተፈጠረ?
    እንግዲህ ይህ አይነት የተራቀቀ አደገኛ ሰው ጨራሽ ቦንብ ነጭ ከጥቁር አርያን ከአይሁድ እስላም ከክርስቲያን አማራ ከትግሬ ብሎ የማይመርጥ የመጨረሻው የሰው ልጅ መጠፋፊያ መሳሪያ ነው፡፡ይህ የሚያሳየው አንድ የሆነ ዘር የተቀረውን መላውን የሰው ዘር ረግጦ የመግዛት ካልሆነ ደግሞ ጭራሽኑ የማጥፋት ሰይጣናዊ አጀንዳ እንደሚያራምድ ግልፅ ነው፡፡ፖለቲከኞቻችን ዘወትር ዲሞክራሲ ብሄር-በሄረሰብ እያሉ ያወራሉ አሁን በአለም ላይ የሚታየው አጠቃላይ ሁኔታ ግን ፈፅሞ ከዚህ የተለየ አስፈሪና አስጨናቂ ነው፡፡ሀገራት እየፈራረሱ ወደ ጥንታዊ ጋርዮሽ ተቀይረው ህዝብ እየተሰደደ እየተሰቃየና እያለቀ ነው፡፡አለም በከፍተኛ የሚሊታሪ ውጥረት ውስጥ ነው ያለችው፡፡አንዳንዶች እንደሚሉት ከመስከረም-11 የኒዎርክ የሽብር ጥቃት በኋላ የ3ኛው የዓለም ጦርነት ገና ድሮ አስቀድሞ ተጀምሯል ነው የሚባለው፡፡ለምሳሌ በሶርያ ያለው ሁኔታ ወደ 3ኛው የዓለም ጦርነት እንዳያመራ የሚያስፈራ ነው፡፡ከዚህ ምን እንረዳለን?አማራ ትግሬ ኦሮሞ እስላም ክርስቲያን እያልን እርስ በርስ መተላለቅ እኛ የማናውቀው አንድ የሆነ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል ግብር ጭዳ መሆን ነው፡፡አንዳንድ የሰለጠነው ዓለም ሊቃውንት እንደሚናገሩት ከሆነ አሁን ከሚታየው የሰው ልጅ አጠቃላይ እርስ በርስ መናከስና መተላለቅ ጀርባ አንድ የሆነ ሰይጣናዊ ሃይል አለ ነው የሚሉት፡፡ይህ ማለት በሰዎች መካከል በዘር በሃይማኖት በፆታ በእውቀት በስልጣኔ ወዘተ ደረጃ የፍላጎት ወይንም የአመለካከት ልዩነትና አለመግባባት ወይንም ግጭት የለም ለማለት አይደለም፡፡ነገር ግን በሰዎች በካከል ያለ የፍላጎት ወይንም የአመለካከት ልዩነትና አለመግባባት ብቻውን የሰውን ልጅ በኒውክሊየር ለመጠፋፋት እስከመፋጠጥ የሚያደርስ መሆን አለበትዎይ የሚለው ወሳኝ ጥያቄ ነው?ኒውክሊየር የመጨረሻው መጠፋፊያ መሳርያ ይሁን እንጂ በእርግጥ የሰው ልጅ እለት በእለት በሌሎች ድምፅ በሌላቸው መሳሪያዎች በተለያየ መንገድ እያለቀ ነው፡፡ሃሳቤን የማጠቃልለው የዘረኝነት ጉዳይ አጥብቆ ከተነሳ የሰው ልጅ እርስ በርሱ የተፋጠጠውና በስተመጨረሻ የሚጠፋፋው በሁለት ዋና-ዋና ዘሮች መካከል ባለ የማይታረቅ ተቃርኖ ወይንም ጠላትነት የተነሳ ነው፡፡የአለም አጠቃላይ
    ታሪክ፣የስልጣኔ፣የቴክኖሎጂ፣ሚሊታሪ፣ፆታዊ፣ማህበራዊ፣ባህላዊ፣ኢኮኖሚያዊ፣ፖለቲካዊ፣ሃይማኖታዊና መንፈሳዊ አጠቃላይ መስተጋብር ላይ የነዚህ ሁለት ዘሮች ጉዳይ ግንባር ቀደም ወሳኝ ሚና አለው፡፡ይህም ወሳኝ የሰው ልጅ ጉዳይ ከኦሪት-ዘፍጥረት ጀምሮ በዮሀንስ ራእይ የሚያበቃ ሆኖ በእነዚህ ሁለቱ ቅዱስ መፅሀፍት ላይ የሚገኝ ነው፡፡ስለዚህም ይህንን ስናስብ ነጭ ጥቁር አማራ ኦሮሞ ትግሬ ብሎ የከረረ የዘረኝነት ፀብ ውስጥ መግባትና እርስ በርስ መጠፋፋቱ አጉል ሞኝነት ነው፡፡አንዳንዴ ሁላችንም የአዳም ዘር መሆናችንን ማሰብም ይጠቅማል፡፡ሌሎች ጥቃቅን ልዩነቶቻችንን አምነንና አክብረን በጋራ ለሰው ልጅ ደህንነትና ህልውና በጋራ መስራት ይበጀናል፡፡ሁሉም የአዳም ዘሮች ከሚያለያዩን ጥቃቅን ነገሮች ይልቅ አንድ የሚያደርገን የጋራ ነገር ይበልጣል፡፡ይህንን አለመረዳት ለከፋው የጋራ ጠላታችን እራስን አሳልፎ መስጠት ነው የሚሆነው፡፡

  15. Dawi
    | #15

    Prof. Worku said:

    [[The long history of co-existence explains the relatively low level of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia...The mutual tolerance that the Ethiopian people have exhibited for one another bodes well for national unity.. ]]

    “Low level” relative to now? It can’t be because there is less armed resistance today compared to the nationalist resistance by Oromos, Somalis and Eritreans since the early 1960s, peasant uprisings in Tigray in the 1940s, Gojjam and Bale in the late 1960s and early 1970s that culminated in the final overthrow of HIM by Derg.

    If Ethiopians “mutual tolerance” boded well as you are telling us, the country wouldn’t have imploded in 1991 for a second time. The bottom line, creating ideal situation for a unified statehood need successful institutions that advocate for it. The “ethnic federation” seems a good attempt and has shown positive things so far in reaching that. There is no compelling reason to resort to the old ways.

    The experience with ethnic federalism under EPRDF over the years shows unmistakable political uniformity. State constitutions, economic plans and social policies are very similar; good practices are scaled up throughout the nation and very few signs of divergence from federal constitution and policy can be observed. Ethiopian federalism therefore displays rich cultural diversity without political diversity and with less armed resistance by cultural communities as in the past. That is a good thing.

    As a matter of fact even when allegiance of regional states to country and the federal union faced a test in the Ethio-Eritrean war, Cultural communities that remained aloof in past Ethiopian wars, volunteered in large numbers to defend Ethiopia’s territorial sovereignty. What does that tell you? The shared nationalism not only survived devolution under ethnic federalism but was enhanced.

    On the other hand, allowing Eritrea’s secession and fighting with it one more time made folks question the value of “secession” clause in the constitution. Revisiting it and looking into it if it has any value at all is called for.

  16. Densa
    | #16

    In my comment in a related subject previously written by Mike.A, I argued ethnic based politics and separation aspirations based on exclusive ethnic membership is based on a false view of Human events and of history. Whether one takes the Judo- Christian world view or the scientific world view the commonly held dominant view in both is: The human race has its foundation in a common human family and in a shared linguistic origin. Beside, this societies who have lived in close proximity and interaction have through centuries developed commonly shared values ,manners and etiquettes among themselves.

    However, ethnic based exclusive political organizations have a tendency to gaze long on people’s differences than to consider their relationship in their natural settings, there by losing site of the commonly shared values manners.
    One of the striking feature in the current movement in the South Western part of the country is we see the horrific killings and government atrocity. It is very sad of the scene we are witnessing.
    Consider this in spite of the insistence of the strict adherence for ethnic based organizations on the basis of language, some of the protest scene we see reveals to us some facts that indicate Ethiopians no matter where they live have much in common than we like to admit.
    It is worth mentioning here to share what I discovered in the many clips I watched Ethiopians in their natural settings. In such events as burial attendance, or the protest of the traditional leaders with their costume dress, it becomes clear to any candid observer the way they morn and dress manner are very similar to that of the rest of Ethiopians including Eritreans. Please see the links I posted below to see to what I stated above.

    Therefore there is no excuse for the OLFits not to moderate their view and negotiate with the rest of Ethiopians to solve the burden of the people. The ongoing abuse of our people ,one would think, will cause everyone to set a side political differences and reach a consensus on some binding statement to solve the problem. Unfortunately, we have yet to see whether such a consensus is to be reached, and much of the blame for its lack is may go the hardliner OLFits.

    One of the factors the culture of extremism remained un tackled within the current OLF leadership is the fact the members of this organizations fail to resolve their past. We appreciate the fact the former OLF chairman and vice chair, respectively, Dima Negewo,and Lencho Letta have made the right political adjustments.

    Now we may ask the present leader of OLF Dr. Dawud Ibsa Ayana or other wise known as Firew Ibsa who assumed OLF chairmanship since 1999,
    What does he has that the previous leaders don’t that he thinks can offer?The only thing I think is this.He may recruits young radical religious zealots such as Juwar Mohamed to agitate the youth to see if this approach will do miracle.



  17. Densa
    | #17

    I noticed that the first link fails to open I posted again you may try it.


  18. Tizita
    | #18

    Mulugeta Abebe,
    Funny enough, your ‘skin deep shallow analysis’ regarding to Worku Abera’s dissertation, it merely reveals that you are an imbecile person to me. Can’t you feel ashamed of yourself to questioning an erudite person’s educational integrity? How do you know his dissertation is not completed? I read the article carefully, and the author eloquently pointed out the reality where the OLF is stuck the last 50 years. The TPLF and OLF’s ethnic line fedralism is not working, and will never work. Oromos are majorities in Ethiopia politically, but when it comes to Ethiopianess, OLF and its supporters are minorities. If are a dreamer of the Oromia nation, Please listen to Lcho leta’s interview on Esat. I think that is enough for you. Your hatred towards to Amharas, it does not take you anywhere except burning yourself.

  19. Michael
    | #19

    To which direction Ethiopia is going?

    Beneath the broad tide of human history there flow the stealthy undercurrents of the secret societies, which frequently determine in the depths the changes that take place upon the surface.
    – A.E. Waite1

    Have secret societies and occult brotherhoods been active behind the scenes of world events for thousands of years? Do these guardians of secret wisdom shape the growth of human consciousness and influence the destiny of nations? Are hidden masters of occult knowledge empowering and infiltrating certain political, cultural, spiritual and economic movements, in fulfilment of an ancient plan? Could it be that man’s great upheavals, wars, and revolutions, as well as his pioneering discoveries in science, literature, philosophy and the arts, are the result of a ‘hidden hand’? Can we decode history and find the mysterious interface between politics and occultism, thereby uncovering the real movers and shakers in our modern world?

    The German philosopher Oswald Spengler warned of a “mighty contest” between groups of men of “immense intellect” who the “simple citizen neither observes nor comprehends.” Back in 1930 Ralph Shirley, the editor of the London Occult Review, Britain’s leading journal of esoteric sciences, endorsed “the suspicion that the ranks of occultism are secretly working for disintegration and revolution. Positive proof in the shape of a group of occultists working with this objective in view recently came under the notice of the present writer.”

    Major-General Fuller, a former disciple of Aleister Crowley, who had links to British military intelligence, wrote about an insidious force using “Magic and Gold” striving “to gain world domination under an avenging Messiah as foretold by Talmud and Qabalah.” Fuller’s former chief Crowley worked as a secret agent for both Britain and Germany, although his British handlers noted his ‘unreliability’ warning he should only be used in espionage operations with the utmost care. During the First World War the German Foreign Office secretly requested the occultist Gustav Meyrink to write a novel blaming the Freemasons of France and Italy for the outbreak of war.

    Madame Blavatsky believed the Catholic society of Jesuits had transferred their headquarters from the continent to England where they plotted to plunge man into passive ignorance and institute “Universal Despotism”. The founder of the Theosophical Society, a woman of immense intellect and first hand experience of secret societies, warned:

    Students of Occultism should know that while the Jesuits have by their devices contrived to make the world in general, and Englishmen in particular think there is no such thing as Magic and laugh at Black Magic, these astute and wily schemers themselves hold magnetic circles and form magnetic chains by the concentration of theircollective WILL, and when they have any special object to effect or any particular and important person to influence.2

    The French Revolution, one of Europe’s most important political upheavals, was largely the work of Masonic lodges dedicated to the overturning of the monarchy and an end of the established Catholic religion. In Proofs of a Conspiracy (1798), John Robison showed that the political clubs and correspondence committees during the revolution, including the famous Jacobin Club, sprang from these Masonic lodges.

    The influence on history of mysticism, the occult and secret societies is generally dismissed by Western academics. Mainstream historians choose to ignore this aspect because they believe it has no real significance to world politics. In fact it is only through acknowledging the role and influence of the ‘occult underground’ that important world events can be fully understood and placed in their real historical perspective.
    Atlantism Verses Eurasianism

    Secret societies and the teachers of occult wisdom consistently trace their origins back to the very dawn of civilisation. Within Judeo-Christian culture, the secret schools speak of Adam, Seth, Moses and the Patriarchs as initiates of a divine wisdom carefully passed from one generation to the next. Other occult groups look back beyond ancient Egypt and the Mystery schools of Greece, to the lost continent of Atlantis. Still others trace their lineage to Sumeria or Babylon and the mysterious plains of Tartary.

    Examining mankind’s myths, legends and arcane stories we encounter countless references to a vanished primordial civilisation. The brilliant French metaphysician Rene Guenon wrote of a great Hyperborean culture that flourished around the Arctic Circle and of its outposts Shambhala in the East and Atlantis in the West. Plato wrote of Atlantis, describing it as the heart of a great and powerful empire which, due to the indiscriminate mixing of “the sons of God” with “the children of men,” suffered “violent earthquakes and floods” and “disappeared beneath the sea”. According to occult tradition, Atlantis came to an end after a lengthy period of chaos and disaster brought about, in the words of Madame Blavatsky, because the “Atlantis-race became a nation of wicked magicians.” Atlantis was destroyed by a conspiracy of evil magicians who had seized control of the mighty continent.

    Long before the final end of Atlantis, great migrations took place to different centres of the earth. In one legend we are told of a righteous remnant journeying from the Arctic Circle to Shambhala, in the remote fastness of Central Asia. Other legends suggest Atlantean survivors established the ancient Egyptian civilisation.

    Victoria LePage, the author of one of the most comprehensive studies of Shambhala explains how Atlantis and Shambhala are more than mere geographic locations:

    In folklore Atlantis and Shambhala are implicitly linked together as charismatic images of heart’s desire, two shining mirages that lie on the farthest horizon of human longing, unattainable, always receding as we reach for them; at best no more than ideal states of consciousness never realized. But their association seems to have a far more real and historically concrete basis than that. Initiatic tradition affirms they have both genuinely existed, one in the western sea, the other in the eastern mountains, as lynchpins of what was once a network of Wisdom centers located on a great power-grid extending around the globe. Further, Shambhala still exists within a framework that awaits reactivation.3

    In order to identify the historical activities of secret societies we need to appreciate the origin of a most powerful idea. Occult lore speaks of Shambhala as the positive centre of the Brotherhood of Light, and Atlantis the negative centre of the evil magicians, the Brothers of the Shadow. Wherever we look we see the division of secret societies and occult endeavours into these two opposing ‘Orders’. All occult movements and teachings inevitably serve either the “Order of Eurasia” or the “Order of Atlantism”, with their respective symbolic centres of Shambhala and Atlantis. Concealed behind a multitude of different forms and represented by an array of unsuspecting agents of influence, these two centres – Shambhala and Atlantis – represent two different impulses in human evolution.

    Viewed from the perspective of sacred geography, in our present historical cycle, Atlantism is the triumph of the most destructive and diabolical elements in the civilisation of the West. One modern authority on sacred geography and geopolitics observes:

    Sacred geography on the basis of “space symbolism” traditionally considers the East as “the land of Spirit”, the paradise land, the land of a completeness, abundance, the Sacred “native land” in its fullest and most perfect kind. In particular, this idea is mirrored in the Bible text, where the eastern disposition of “Eden” is treated.

    Precisely such understanding is peculiar also to other Abrahamic traditions (Islam and Judaism), and also to many non-Abrahamic traditions – Chinese, Hindu and Iranian. “East is the mansion of the gods”, states the sacred formula of the ancient Egyptians, and the same word “east” (“neter” in Egyptian) meant at the same time “god”. From the point of view of natural symbolism, East is the place where the sun rises, Light of the World, material symbol of Divinity and Spirit.

    The West has the opposite symbolical meaning. It is the “country of death”, the “lifeless world”, the “green country” (as the ancient Egyptians called it). West is “the empire of exile”, “the pit of the rejected”, according to the expression of Islamic mystics. West is “anti-East”, the country of decay, degradation transition from the manifest to the non-manifest, from life to death, from completeness to need, etc. West is the place where the sun goes, where it “sinks down”.4
    Russia & the Magical Universe

    Russia, geographically the largest country on earth, occupies a unique position in the study of human history furnishing us with a window into the world of secret societies, occult teachers, and subterranean political currents.

    Ideas and practices drawn from magic and the occult have always been a part of Russian life. In the sixteenth century Tsar Ivan IV consulted magicians and was aware of the occult significance of the precious stones set in his staff. His reign was the culmination of the dream of building a prophetic, religious civilisation in the Eastern Christian tradition of Byzantium. Surrounded by secret orders of apocalyptical monks, Ivan saw himself as heir to the Israelite kings and attempted to transform Russian life in accord with his magical view of reality. Ivan was convinced the Russian nation had a special mission to accomplish, nothing short of the redemption of the world.

    In 1586, Tsar Boris Godunov offered the huge salary of 2000 English pounds a year, with a house and all provisions free, to John Dee, the English magus and spy master, to enter his service. Dee’s son Dr. Arthur Dee, who like his father was an alchemist and Rosicrucian, went to Moscow to work as a physician. Mikhail Romanov, the first Tsar of the Romanov dynasty, allegedly ascended the throne with the help of Dr. Arthur Dee and the British Secret Service. Before their rise to power the Romanovs were accused by their enemies of practising magic and possessing occult powers.

    The legendary Count of Saint Germain, described as an alchemist, spy, industrialist, diplomat and Rosicrucian, became involved in several political intrigues in Russia and was, according Nicholas Roerich, “a member of the Himalayan brotherhood.” In 1755 he traveled throughout Eurasia to study occult teachings, and may even have visited Tibet. It is said that while studying occultism in Central Asia the Count was introduced to the secret rites of Tantric sex magic which provided him with a technique to prolong his youth. He also engaged in spying operations against the notorious British India Company. Saint Germain founded two secret societies called the Asiatic Brethren and the Knights of Light. As early as 1780 he warned Marie Antoinette that the French throne was in danger from an international conspiracy of ‘Brothers of the Shadow’. Rumours continued to circulate for many years after his alleged death that Saint Germain was still alive working behind the scenes in European politics or studying occult doctrines in Central Asia.
    West Meets East

    Occult powers seem to be a matter of national temperament… Russia tends to produce mages – men or women who impress by their spiritual authority; no other nation has a spiritual equivalent of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, or even of Rozanov, Merezhkovsky, Soloviev, Fedorov, Berdaev, Shestov. Certainly no other nation has come near to producing anyone like Madame Blavatsky, Gregory Rasputin or George Gurdjieff. Each is completely unique.
    – Colin Wilson, The Occult

    The process of synthesis of the occult traditions of East and West is seen in the work of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, founder of the Theosophical Society and the author of the magnus opus The Secret Doctrine. Born Helena von Hahn, the daughter of a Russian military family and cousin to the future Russian Prime Minister Count Witte, she is a true emissary of the Eurasian Order. Nevill Drury says of the Russian occultist:

    Her main contribution to mystical thought was the manner in which she sought to synthesise Eastern and Western philosophy and religion, thereby providing a framework for understanding universal occult teaching.5

    Madame Blavatsky traveled throughout Asia and Europe, joined Garibaldi’s national revolutionary militia, fighting in the battle of Mentana, in which she was severely wounded. In the late 1870s, shortly after the publication of her first book Isis Unveiled, a compelling indictment of contemporary Western religion as spiritually bankrupt, she moved from the United States to India where the headquarters of the Theosophical Society remains until this day.

    In 1891 the future Tsar Nicholas II, in the company of the mystic Eurasian scholar Prince Ukhtomsky, visited the headquarters of the Theosophical headquarters at Adyar. Prince Ukhtomsky’s description of the society is revealing:

    At the insistence of H.P. Blavatsky, a Russian lady who knew and had seen much, the idea sprang up of the possibility, and even the necessity, of founding a society of theosophists, of searchers for the truth in the broadest sense of the word, for the purpose of enlisting adepts of all creeds and races, of penetrating deeper into the most secret doctrines of oriental religions, of drawing Asiatics into true spiritual communion with educated foreigners in the West, of keeping up secret relations with different high priests, ascetics, magicians, and so on.6

    Madame Blavatsky wanted to unite Central Asia, India, Mongolia, Tibet and China, in order – with the involvement of Russia – to create a grand Eurasian power able to oppose British ambitions. Traveling across India Blavatsky agitated against British rule and found herself accused by the colonial authorities of being a Russian spy. Prince Ukhtomsky saw support for Eurasia in the “readiness of the Indians to group themselves under the banner of the strange northern woman.” He believed Madame Blavatsky had been forced to leave India by “the suspiciousness of the English.”

    As early as 1887 H.P. Blavatsky had become a topic of debate in “mystic Petersburg” and received the prestigious support of Ukhtomsky’s friend the mysterious Tibetan Dr. Badmaev, soon to become notorious for the favour he received at the Russian imperial court and his relationship with Rasputin. Madame Blavatsky’s sister insisted that the Russian Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev had recognised the young Helena’s psychic gift, and admonished her to use her powers with discretion, as he felt sure they were given her for some higher purpose.

    Dr. Stephan A. Hoeller, a scholar of comparative religion and a Gnostic Bishop, reminds us that Blavatsky,

    was a true daughter of Mother Russia. Some feel that her life and character correspond strongly to the archetype of the traditional Russian wandering holy person, known as the staretz (literally ‘old one’), denoting a wandering, non-clerical ascetic, or pilgrim, who travels about the countryside, exhorting people concerning spiritual matters, sometimes in a decidedly unorthodox manner.7

    After H.P. Blavatsky’s death in London in 1891, the Theosophical Society came under the firm control of the English occultists Annie Besant and C.W. Leadbeater, a confirmed British imperialist. The Eurasian orientation given to early Theosophy by H.P. Blavatsky was compromised by the influence of British Masonry and Leadbeater’s esoteric High Anglicanism. In the great struggle of the magicians the Eurasian impulse found new historical agents in the West, among them the celebrated French magus Papus.
    Grand Battle of the Magicians

    When the 19th century will have come to an end, one of the Brothers of Hermes will come from Asia to unite humanity again.
    – Nostradamus

    Papus, together with Oswald Wirth and De Guaita, dreamed of uniting occultists everywhere into a revived Rosicrucian brotherhood, an international occult order in which they hoped the Russian Empire would play a leading role as the bridge between East and West.

    Papus was the pseudonym of Dr. Gerard Encausse (1865-1916), a disciple of Joseph Saint-Yves d’Alveydre (1842-1910), an initiate of the French Gnostic Church and often the instigator of many of the occult groups of his time. One of the most famous turn-of-the century occultists, he was the founder of the Hermetic School in Paris, which attracted many Russian students, and directed the leading French occult review, L’Initiation. Papus was also the head of two secret societies, the L’Ordre du Martinisme and the L’Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose-Croix.

    When the Russian Tsar and Tsaritsa visited France in 1896, it was Papus who sent them a greeting on behalf of “the French Spiritualists,” hoping that the Tsar would “immortalise his Empire by its total union with Divine Providence.” This greeting was reminiscent of the hopes of mystics at the time of Tsar Alexander I’s Holy Alliance.

    Papus made his first visit to Russia in 1901 and was introduced to the Tsar. He quickly set up a lodge of his Martinist Order in St. Petersburg with the Tsar as the president of the “Unknown Superiors” who controlled it. The historian James Webb says Papus “was merely reviving a devotion to a philosophy that had flourished in Russia at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries before being suppressed.”

    As the foremost student of Saint-Yves d’Alveydre, Papus knew of the key role to be played by Russia in unifying Eurasia and her occult destiny as the Empire of the End, the outward manifestation of the enigmatic power of ‘Northern Shambhala’.

    Through Papus the Imperial family became acquainted with his friend and spiritual mentor Master Philippe (Nizier Anthelme Philippe). A sincere Christian mystic, he was given rank and honours by the Russian Tsar, and maintained contact with the imperial court until his death in 1905.

    Papus returned to St. Petersburg in 1905 where it was rumoured he, in the presence of the Imperial couple, evoked the spirit of the Tsar’s father, Alexander III, who offered practical advise on handling a political crisis.

    Both Master Philippe and Papus played an important political role at the Russian court. They not only advised the Tsar on affairs of state but maintained contact with influential Russian initiates of the Martinist Order, among them two of the Tsar’s uncles and numerous relatives. The German occultist Rudolf Steiner, who had his own disciples among the German General Staff, followed the mission of the two Frenchmen, disturbed by Papus’ “extensive influence in Russia”. A strong advocate of the alliance between France and Russia, Papus warned the Tsar of an international conspiracy aimed at world domination.

    He believed that the vast Russian Empire was the only power capable of thwarting the conspiracy of the ‘Shadow Brothers’. He also urged the Tsar to prepare for the coming war with Germany, then being engineered by sinister forces in Berlin. According to one account, he promised the imperial family that, the Romanov monarchy would be protected as long as he, Papus, was alive. When the news of his death reached Alexandra in 1916, she sent a note to her husband (at the time commanding the Russian armies at the front in World War I) containing the words ‘Papus is dead, we are doomed!’8

    Papus promoted his Martinist Order as a counter to the Masonic lodges which, he believed, were in the service of British imperialism and the international financial syndicates. From his papers it is known that he furnished documentation to the Russian authorities about Masonic activities in Russia and Europe. Papus condemned Freemasonry as atheistic in contrast to the esoteric Christianity of the Martinist Order. He castigated “our epoch of scepticism, adoration of material forms, so vitally in need of a frankly Christian reaction, independent of all priesthoods.” Shortly after returning from his first visit to Russia in 1901, a series of articles appeared in the French press for which Papus was largely responsible. They warned of a “hidden conspiracy” the existence of which the public was totally unaware and of the machinations of a sinister financial syndicate trying to disrupt the Franco-Russian alliance. The public is blind to the real forces of history:

    It does not see that in all conflicts whether arising within or between nations, there are at the side of the apparent actors hidden movers who by their self-interested calculations make these conflicts inevitable….

    Everything which happens in the confused evolution of nations is thus prepared in secret with the goal of securing the supremacy of a few men; and it is these few men, sometimes famous, sometimes unknown, who must be sought behind all public events.

    Now, today, supremacy is ensured by the possession of gold. It is the financial syndicates who hold at this moment the secret threads of European politics…

    A few years ago there was thus founded in Europe a financial syndicate, today all-powerful, whose supreme aim is to monopolise all the markets of the world, and which in order to facilitate its activities has to acquire political influence.

    The Papus inspired articles in Echo de Paris revealed the role of the British Secret Service, which was exposed as being behind British Freemasonry, to isolate and weaken Russia. In France British agents concentrated on anti-Russian propaganda, while in Russia they used “financial trickery” to infiltrate all levels of society. Every effort was required “to preserve the Russian Emperor – so loyal and so generous – from the evils… [of ] the syndicate of financiers… which at present controls the destinies of Europe and the world.”
    The Mysterious Tibetan

    St. Petersburg… in 1905 was probably the mystical centre of the world.
    – Colin Wilson, The Occult

    Shamzaran (Pyotr) Badmaev was a Buriat Mongol who had grown up in Siberia and converted to Russian Orthodoxy with Alexander III acting as his godfather. He gained considerable influence at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Tsar granted him the title of Privy Councillor. Badmaev was renowned as a doctor of Tibetan medicine, herbalist, and healer, who treated high society patients at his fashionable ‘Oriental Medicine’ clinic in St. Petersburg. Described by a Russian historian as “one of the most mysteries personalities of the day,” and a “master of intrigue”, Badmaev enjoyed a close association with the mystic healer Rasputin.

    Known as ‘the Tibetan’, Badmaev dreamed of the unification of Russia with Mongolia and Tibet. He involved himself in endless projects aimed at the creation of a great Eurasian empire. Russia’s historic mission, he believed, lay in the East, where she was destined to unite the Buddhist and Muslim peoples, as a counter to Western colonialism. Badmaev outlined his vision in a 1893 report to Tsar Alexander III entitled ‘The Tasks of Russia in the Asiatic East’. His considerable political expertise secured the support of the Mongol tribes in the Russo-Japanese War.

    In a letter of 19 December 1896, Badmaev wrote to Tsar Nicholas II: “…my activities have the aim that Russia should have greater influence than other powers upon the Mongolian-Tibetan-Chinese East.” Badmaev expressed particular concern over the influence of England in the East, stating in a special memorandum:

    Tibet, which – as the highest plateau of Asia – rules over the Asiatic continent, must without doubt be in the hands of Russia. By commanding this point, Russia will surely be able to make England more compliant.

    Badmaev knew of the legend, popular in Mongolia, China and Tibet, about the ‘White Tsar’ who would come from the North (from ‘Northern Shambhala’) and restore the now decadent traditions of true Buddhism. He reported to Tsar Nicholas II how “Buryats, Mongols and especially lamas… were always repeating that the time had come to extend the frontiers of the White Tsar in the east….”

    Badmaev had a close association with a highly placed Tibetan, the lama Agvan Dordzhiyev, the tutor and confidant of the 13th Dalai Lama. Dordzhiyev equated Russia with the coming Kingdom of Shambhala anticipated in theKalachakra texts of Tibetan Buddhism. The lama opened the first Buddhist temple in Europe, in St. Petersburg, significantly dedicated to the Kalachakrateaching. One of the Russian artists who worked on the St. Petersburg temple was Nicholas Roerich, who had been introduced to the legend of Shambhala and Eastern thought by lama Dordzhiyev. George Gurdjieff, another man of mystery who had a tremendous impact on Western esotericism, knew Prince Ukhtomsky, Badmaev, and lama Dordzhiyev. Was Gurdjieff, accused by the British of being a Russian spy in Central Asia, a pupil of the mysterious Tibetans?

    “I am training young men in two capitals – Peking and Petersburg – for further activities,” Dr. Badmaev had written to Tsar Nicholas II.
    Mystical Anarchism

    The sway of ‘the Tibetan’ reached beyond the Imperial court into the Russian intelligentsia and further still to the subterranean world of espionage and revolutionary politics. One of the intellectual movements at the time of the 1905 political upheavals was called “Mystical Anarchism”. Two of its leading exponents were the poet and writer Viacheslav Ivanov and George Chulkov, both associates of Dr. Badmaev. Chulkov, like ‘the Tibetan’, is described as an unconscious medium transmitting mysterious forces.

    A radical political doctrine aimed at reconciling individual freedom and social harmony, Mystical Anarchism drew on the ideas of Friedrick Nietzsche. This is not surprising when we consider Nietzsche’s positive view of Russia as the antithesis of the decadent West, and the German philosopher’s appreciation of Buddhism and Oriental culture.

    According to the historian Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal, Mystical Anarchists, convinced “that unseen forces are guiding events here on earth, believed that political revolution reflected realignments in the cosmic sphere, and that a new world of freedom, beauty, and love was imminent.”

    Advocating the abolition of all external authorities and all constraints on the individual – government, law, morality, social custom – they were indifferent to legal rights as merely “formal freedoms” and opposed constitutions and parliaments in favor of sobornost’. By sobornost’ they meant a free community united by love and faith whose members retain their individuality (as distinct from individualism, self-affirmation apart from or against the community)….

    They grounded this ideal in their notion of the “mystical person,” the soul or the psyche, which seeks union with others and recognizes itself as a microcosm of the macrocosm, as distinct from the “empirical person,” the I or the ego, which asserts itself apart from or against others. Evoking and developing this “mystical person” would make feasible a “new organic society” united by invisible inner ties of love (eros, not agape), “mystical experience,” and sacrifice – the very opposite of liberal society, based on the social contract and mutual self-interest and characterized by rational discourse.9

    Mystical Anarchism is a thoroughly Eurasian sociopolitical idea. Here we have a most arcane motif in a modern form: The great struggle of the empirical, plutocratic Western civilisation, against the mystical, sacrificial culture of Eurasia. In occult terms it is the conflict of the impulse of ‘Shambhala’ with the renegades of ‘Atlantean civilisation’. The Brotherhood of the Northern Light battling it out with the Brothers of the Shadow, external manifestation of the long war between the agents of Being and Non-Being.

    Nicholas Berdyaev, Dmitri Merezhkovsky, Zenaida Hippius, Valerri Briusov, Mikhail Kuzmin, Alexandre Blok, Vasili Rozanov, along with a host of other Russian poets, writers and artists, transmitted different aspects of Mystical Anarchism and the Eurasian vision. When in the years before the Revolution the Sufi Master Inayat Khan visited Russia, he found much to commend in “the Eastern type of discipleship which is natural to the nation.”

    Merezhkovsky saw the possibility of evolving a “new religious consciousness” from the two peculiarly Russian types represented by Tolstoy and Dostoievsky. Tolstoy stood for a pantheistic mysticism of the flesh, and Dostoievsky for the more ascetic spiritual values. “In this Russia the ‘Man-God’ shall be manifested to the Western world, and the ‘God-man’ for the first time to the Eastern, and shall be, for those whose thinking already reconciles both hemispheres the ‘One in Two.’”

    After the Bolshevic Revolution, Blok contrasted the new Russia with the West. He called Russia the “Scythian,” i.e., the young, fresh nation whose destiny it was to challenge the decaying West:

    We are the Scythians, we are the Asians… Centuries of your days are but an hour to us, Yet like obedient slaves, We’ve held a shield between two hostile races – Europe, and the Mongol hordes… From war and horror come to our open arms, The embrace of kin, Put the old sword away while there’s time, Hail us brothers… Ah, Old World, before you have perished, join our fraternal banquet.

    The poet Nikolai Kliuev and his young friend Sergei Esenin featured occult images and Eurasian themes in their work. At the end of 1917 Kliuev (1887-1937), a prophet and emissary of Eurasia, wrote:

    We are the host of sunbearers.
    On the hub of the universe
    we will erect a hundred-story, fiery house.
    China and Europe, the North and the South
    Will come to the chamber in a round-dance of playmates
    to match together Abyss and Zenith.
    Their godfather is God Himself and their Mother
    is Russia.

    Kliuev’s protege, Esenin (1895-1925), longed for the end of the old world and its replacement by a new one, and even proclaimed a new religious trend called “Aggelism,” with clear roots in Russian Gnosticism. He hailed both Christ and Gautama the Buddha as geniuses because they were men of “word and deed”. In a letter to a friend, Esenin wrote:

    People, look at yourselves, did not Christs emerge from you, and can you not be Christs? Can I with will-power not be a Christ…? How absurd all our life is. It distorts us from the cradle, and instead of truly real people some kind of monster emerges.

    He warned the United States, to him the symbol of all non-Russian and rationalist sources, not to commit the mistake of “unbelief” and ignore the new “message” from Russia, as the way to the new life is only through Russia. A friend wrote how Esenin and his fellow ‘Scythian’ poets wanted a “deepening of the political revolution to the social” and came to regard Russian Marxism as “coarse”. Before his death Esenin became convinced ‘evil forces’ had usurped the Revolution and the Bolshevics betrayed Russia’s mission.

    The famed poet Nikolai Kliuev knew both Dr. Badmaev and Grigory Rasputin, and like the latter had been initiated into a secret school of Christian sexual mysticism with similarities to Tibetan Tantra and Indian Shivaism. “They called me a Rasputin,” Kliuev wrote in a 1918 poem. Kliuev’s spirituality was deeply rooted in the tradition of the Russian religious dissidents like the Old Believers, the Khlysty and Skoptsy, who formed a veritable subterranean river among the common people. Kliuev admitted how challenged by a Khlyst elder to “become a Christ,” he was introduced to the secret community of “Dove brethren”. With the help of “various people of secret identity”, Kliuev traveled all over Russia participating in secret rituals and imbibing the occult traditions of the Russian East.

    In his poems Kliuev sought to convey the mystic spirit of Eurasia. He was a prophet of Belovodia, the name given by Russian Old Believers to the awaited earthly paradise similar to Shambhala. Kliuev envisioned a radical transformation of Russia that would bring about a classless society where peasant culture would triumph over industrialism, capitalism, and the general mechanisation of life. He expressed his concern about the dangers of soulless Western civilisation in a 1914 letter to a friend:

    Every day I go into the grove – and sit there by a little chapel – and the age-old pine tree, but an inch to the sky, I think about you… I kiss your eyes and your dear heart… O, mother wilderness! Paradise of the spirit… How hateful and black seems all the so-called civilised world and what I would give, what Golgotha I would bear – so that America should not encroach upon the blue-feathered dawn… upon the fairy tale hut.

    The Russian philosopher Nicholas Berdyaev articulated the vision shared by pre-revolution Russian thinkers as well as the cultural elite, when he wrote of the end of Western rationalism and the birth of a new era of the spirit which would witness the struggle of Christ and Antichrist. He saw the popularity of mystical and occult doctrines as proof of the approach of this New Era, and called for a “new knighthood”. “Man is not a unit in the universe, forming part of an unrational machine, but a living member of an organic hierarchy, belonging to a real and living whole.” Berdyaev’s attacks on Western materialist values only reflected a view widely held by Russian society. Writing in exile in the early 1930s he observed:

    Individualism, the ‘atomisation’ of society, the inordinate acquisitiveness of the world, indefinite over-population and the endlessness of people’s needs, the lack of faith, the weakening of the spiritual life, these and other are the causes which have contributed to build up that industrial capitalist system which has changed the face of human life and broken its rhythm with nature.
    Journey to Shambhala

    Nicholas Roerich was a man who brought glory to our [Russian] people; he is a representative of our civilisation and of its culture, one of its pillars.
    – Mikhail Gorbachev

    Nikolai Konstantinovitch Roerich (1874-1947) had been introduced to the idea of Shambhala while working on the construction of the first Buddhist temple ever to be built in Europe. Personally acquainted with Russia’s pre-revolution intelligentsia, Roerich became a highly respected and prolific artist. A student of Madame Blavatsky’s works, Roerich believed in the transcendent unity of religions – in the notion that one day the Buddhist, the Muslim, and the Christian would realise their separate dogmas were husks concealing the truth within. Between 1925 and 1928, Roerich undertook five remarkable expeditions through Central Asia, focusing on the mysterious region between the Urals and the Himalayas, the area regarded as the heart of Eurasia. The traditions and legends encountered by Roerich in his travels are described in the books Altai-Himalaya, Heart of Asia and Shambhala.

    In the tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, Shambhala is the hidden land in which the teachings of the Kalachakra (‘Wheel of Time’) Tantric school are kept in their purest form. Roerich discovered that the Shambhala of Tibetan Buddhism is not too different from the legend of Belovodia preserved by Russian Christian mystics. An elder of the Old Believer sect confided to Roerich:

    In distant lands, beyond the great lakes, beyond the highest mountains, is a sacred place where all truth flourishes. There one may find the supreme knowledge and the future salvation of mankind. And this place is called Belovodia, meaning the white waters.10

    Nicholas Roerich wrote how on a visit to the Mongolian capital Ulan-Bator in the 1920s, he heard soldier-revolutionaries singing:

    The war of Northern Shambhala.
    Let us die in this war
    To be reborn again
    As Knights of the Ruler of Shambhala.

    By ‘Northern Shambhala’ is meant Russia-Eurasia. In his book Heart of Asia, Roerich defined Shambhala not so much as a coming kingdom but an event – a new epoch for humanity of which Shambhala and Belovodia are timeless symbols:

    You have noted the concept of Shambhala corresponds to the aspirations of our most serious Western scientific research…. In their striving, the Eastern disciplines of Shambhala and the best minds of the West, which do not fear to look beyond the outworn methods, are uniting.

    Roerich never doubted the crucial role Russia would play in bringing together the noblest wisdom of both the East and the West. In Russia a new synthesis would emerge and a new day dawn for humanity, neither exclusively Western nor wholly Eastern, but truly Eurasian. In 1940, as the world found itself plunged into war, Roerich discerned the first glimpses of a New Era and wrote:

    The Russian people have piled together great stones. To the admiration of everyone they have built no tower of Babel but a Russian tower. A Kremlin of Sun-bearers with a hundred towers!… Listen – that is the future, and how radiant it is!”

    A year later in 1941 he commented:

    The whole world is rushing towards Armageddon. Everyone is confused. Everyone is unsure about the future. But the Russian people have found their course and with a mighty flood are streaming towards their radiant future.
    ‘You Must Pay Attention to Me, In Order to See Me’

    Humanity’s radiant future, like Shambhala, stands at the threshold. An invisible college of men and women in every age and nation have glimpsed it and responded to the impulse. Living in the first years of a new millennium we are witnessing the unfolding of an ancient plan. Just as there is no day without night, so too there is no authentic New Era without its counterfeit. And as the darkness must give way to the new dawn, so our present Dark Era will pass away in the great light of ‘Northern Shambhala’.

    Behind the tangle of present day events the ancient battle is being concluded. “In wartime,” said the emissary of Atlantism Winston Churchill, “truth is so precious that she should always be attended by a bodyguard of lies.” Empowered by the wicked Magicians of Atlantis, Western secret societies are in a state of occult warfare with the Order of Eurasia.

    We await the arrival of the New Era of Shambhala, the casting out of the Brothers of the Shadow from the governmental and financial centres of the earth, and the end of the evil karma inherited from the darkness of Atlantis.

    Alice Bailey, who described Shambhala as “the vital centre in the planetary consciousness” and related it to the Second Coming of the Christ, also prophesied Russia’s special role in bringing in the true New Era:

    Out of Russia… will emerge that new and magical religion about which I have so often told you. It will be the product of the great and imminent Approach which will take place between Humanity and the Hierarchy. From these two centres of spiritual force, in which the light which ever shineth in and from the East will irradiate the West; the whole world will be flooded with the radiance of the Sun of Righteousness. I am not here referring, in connection with Russia, to the imposition of any political ideology, but to the appearance of a great and spiritual religion, which will justify the crucifixion of a great nation and which will demonstrate itself and be focused in a great and spiritual Light which will be held aloft by a vital Russian exponent of true religion – that man for whom many Russians have been looking, and who will be the justification of a most ancient prophecy.11

  20. rebbu
    | #20

    ethnic politics is by its nature discriminatory. to be olf member you have to be oromo, to be a tplf recruit you have to be a tigre.
    all the employees in the majority of government offices are tplf cadres, including the office cleaners. why is this so. are there not other capable people from other ethnic groups to do the same work.
    at the air port it is the same. tplf cadres get bank loans in preference to others, why? these are some of the most glaring forms of discrimination. the so called ”army” is controlled by tplf ‘tegadalay’, infact there is only one none tigre person out of the top 101 military generals/commanders in the army. why? why?

  21. እውነት
    | #21

    እውነቱ አይታወቅ መነሻ መድረሻው
    ሁሉም ጸሀፊ ነው ችሉታም ባይኖረው
    አቅማዳ ቀልቀሎ–መቅሰንት አቅማዳ ሆነና ነገሩ
    መጨቃጨቅ ብቻ ሳይታይ መፍትሄው ሳይታወቅ ውሉ::
    ያሸነፈ ይገዛል—-የከፈለ ያዛል—ማን አለው ከልካይ
    የወደቀ አምጾ– እንደገና ታግሎ ካልሆነ ከላይ::
    ዱሮም የነበረ –ዛሬም የሚሰራ ነገም የሚኖር
    ሰላም ሰቶ አያውቅም—ሁሌም ሰው ያፋጃል ስልጣንና ጥቅም::
    አማራ ኦሮሞ –ትግሬም ሆነ አገው
    ቤንሻንጉል አፋሩ–ደቡቡም ሶማሌው
    ሁሉም ለራስ ሆነ ቅድሚያን የሚሰጠው::
    እግዜርም ተቆቶን ፍርዱን አልሰጥ ብሎ
    አንዱ አንዱን ጨረሰው ርህራሄ አልቦ::
    እግዜር ግን ይገርማል— እንድተጀመረ ምነው ቢጨርሰው?
    ቄስ መለስን ወስዶ–አባና ዲያቆኑን ወደኋላ ተወው?

  22. Dawi
    | #22

    Cont’d Prof. Worku said:

    [[.. Just as it was created to serve the political interests of the EPLF, OLF, and TPLF, it can be replaced by democratic federalism to serve the interests of all Ethiopians...]]

    Wasn’t the present “federalism” constructed after the victory against the tyranny to be used as a political instrument in Ethiopia’s transition to democracy? Why are we talking “can be replaced” then? For what?

    The real world it is not going to be as a smooth of a “transition” as on paper therefore, one shouldn’t replace systems, particularly a one that is taking country in a fast development road, for every ups and down occasions. How many times does a country afford to start from scratch? Have you ever thought about that?

    The present protest is a one down issue to “transition to democracy”; it needs to be dealt with accordingly. The protest in Oromia looks like a paradox similar to Saliha Sami songs of “As Koottuu” VS “Sanggawwee”? :-)

    There are two forces involved, those that want to “stay” and others fishing a way to “exit” as in the political unity paper drafted by OLF spells out; nevertheless, the existing federalism still has a built in instrument to deal with a past and present issues of such magnitude resolving it without serious fragmentation or antagonistic community confrontation? Therefore, there is no need/reason to go back to the drawing board as you seem to be suggesting because to genuinely serve the “interests of all Ethiopians”, it should be done without bypassing the stake holders paradox in a federation. The present protests seems to me are the necessary practices of a “transition to democracy”.

    On another note, what if the other groups who look like by standers are not doing it because of “A killilized administrative division of Ethiopians has created an equally killilized mindset” as such but, expect the existing federation to resolve the issue amicably and are giving it time to do that? Have you ever thought of that possibility?

    There is a good reason to think that as in the following example. I pointed out earlier, during “Ethio-Eritrean war, Cultural communities that remained aloof in past Ethiopian wars, volunteered in large numbers to defend Ethiopia’s territorial sovereignty.” meaning the shared nationalism not only survived devolution under ethnic federalism but was enhanced. How do you explain that away?

  23. SenaitBeka
    | #23


    Well said!!

  24. SenaitBeka
    | #24


    Ahmen. Absolutely right

  25. Shmaglae
    | #25

    For people to rise up and revolt in unison, there has to be a common rallying cause and the consequences of doing so have to be weighed meticulously against the anticipated success of the goal desired.
    In the Ethiopian scenario, the Oromos are fighting for secession from the tell-tale signs of diaspora Oromos. Nobody that believes in Ethiopianism would support that, mainly because of the chaos that would follow vis-a-vis border demarcations and the expulsion of other ethnic groups from their claimed areas, like in Yugoslavia.
    I believe that is why other Ethiopians are not keen about #Oromoprotests. If the protests were against misappropriation of their lands by the TPLF government, they would have got popular support for their fight of injustice. After all, that was why university students of the 1960s and early 1970s fought for the serfs under the slogan of “Land to the tiller”
    Most ethnic groups have been harshly dealt with by TPLF Agazi soldiers and hence could not muster courage to rise up. This is specially true with the Amharas that have been severely mistreated and maligned for the last 25 years. They are being led by TPLF-appointed non-Amharas;they have been disarmed and large tracts of their lands have been taken by Tigray kilil and the Sudan. How are Amharas supposed to support others when they are under the yoke of colonialist grip?

  26. Dawi
    | #26

    There was a Bloomberg interview of Arkebe (HD advisor); He reiterated his boss’s dismissal of the remaining Oromia protest as nothing but a lack of youth employment issue.

    HD unequivocally said the protest is not a political issue anymore but, youth unemployment; as in lack of jobs for thousands of college graduates. It makes a lot of sense and we should tell those who don’t have an alternative solution for unemployment to not waste their breath.

    Another interesting conference was held by CSIS “sustaining Ethiopia’s progress”

  27. Solomon
    | #27

    I found this article interesting and encouraging look at what is happening in Ethiopia. After reading articles on the Bantustan approach the current government is taking it is refreshing in that at least it opens the discussion. It gave me hope to know that some people were exploring options to breaking up the country along ethnic lines. It is encouraging to see that some people put serious thought and vision into this question.
    One can agree or disagree on the content – there are always many perspectives borne out of our different experiences. Dialogue and discussion helps us clarify our challenges and develop strategies to move forward. This author has opened the discussion and I thank him.
    Most of the comments are thoughtful and informative, taken from difference perspectives. I am therefore a bit amused at the personal attack by Mulugeta Abebe or whoever he really is. He obviously struggles with expressing himself – perhaps does not have the courage to do so in a public forum.
    Instead, he seems to find that his contribution to the discussion is in distorting the pedigree of the author rather than the ideas put forward. Unfortunately this is often the tactic taken by little and insecure men.
    Just to set the record straight I did some research, curious myself. This is certainly easy enough to do with the internet. I was a bit amused that Mulugeta with the “peer reviewed article” fetish was unable to do so. So, contrary to what Mulugeta stated, the author W. Aberra indeed has a PhD from McGill University in Montreal, Canada and contrary to Mulugeta a “complete” PhD. Indeed Aberra has taught at McGill University in Continuing education and subsequently has been the Chair of Economics at Dawson College in Montreal Canada for over ten years. He has co-authored a popular economics textbook, and has written widely on Ethiopian politics as a founding member of the editorial board of the Ethiopian Register. He has spoken at conferences and been interviewed on national and international radio.
    Interestingly, I also found that he was an active member of the student movement in the 1970’s and imprisoned for several months for his part in the struggle against the Haile Selassie government. I have probably just touched the surface of what this person has accomplished – everything is not on the internet – but I would say that he has quite an impressive CV.
    Perhaps Mulugeta has several PhD’s, certainly a fetish of “peer reviewed” articles, or maybe has amazing credentials. He certainly is unable to analyze and present a strong case – for this kind of person it is always easier to attack the messenger than address the message.
    Mulugeta speaks about peer reviewed articles – I think from this he is quite familiar with the academic milieu so he should have been able to research the background of this author just as I have had he wanted to present the facts. Instead, he chose to distort. One has to wonder why he has to resort to this – perhaps an inability to analyze and honestly discuss these questions. Maybe a long held grudge… Let’s return to serious issues confronting Ethiopia today and avoid childish innuendos – they do a disservice to the issues at hand.

  28. Abriham
    | #28

    The Ethiopian case is not completely detached from significant world events. It is very related to the rest of the world. Therefore, it is timely to discuss and clarify something about the issues of Zionism, Jew, Israel and Israelites.The Jews case and cause is so mysteries and controversial through out history and all over the world. Because it is related to the “chosen people of God” and they have scattered all over the world and then re-established 3 times more or less maintaining their identity. Because they are scattered all over the world, they have such a pervasive social, cultural, historical, political, economical assimilation and influence (negative and positive) all over the world. Therefore, significant world events are significantly related to Jewry. Not all Jews (self-proclaimed or assumed ) belong to the ancient 12 racial tribes of Israelites (ancient Hebrews).And not all Israelites belong to the so called Jews. It is very important to remind that there are so many self-proclaimed Jews who falsely claim they belong to the ancient 12l tribes of Israelites. Israelites (Hebrews) are the ancient 12 tribes of Israel who belong to the 12 sons of Jacob. Jacob is the son of Isaac and Isaac is the son of Abraham. In holy bible Jacob is also later called Israel. Therefore, historically the name Israel belongs to the 12 sons of Jacob. The geographic area that is/was called Israel is/was the land of Canaan to the West of Jordan river which is found in Palestine which was possessed by the ancient Hebrews like Abraham and latter by the 12 tribes of Israel. Therefore, before and after the settlement of the ancient Hebrews or 12 tribes of Israel there were other different tribes like the Canaanites who settled there. By the time the Assyrians and Babylonians invaded, displaced and disintegrated the 12 tribes of Israel after king Solomon rule there was a racial and religious assimilation around that region called Middle-East. Hence among the 12 tribes of Israel there were many who accustomed to Babylonian-Talmud as their religion during the Babylon invasion and captivity. And later on during and after the captivity of Israel by the Roman Empire the same thing happened. According to historians, academicians and spiritual scholars many of the self-proclaimed Jews, who are International Zionists and many establishment elites (Zionist Ashkenazi Jews) who rule Israel this time, are mainly the spiritual and/or racial ancestors and/or descendants of Pharisees who crucified Jesus Christ of Nazareth. They are ruled by Babylonian-Talmud not by old-testament bible. They do not even obey the law of Moses. In history we know the rise and fall of Babylonian empires and still exist and will come in the future as replica of it. The current global political-economy is another type of Babylonian empire significantly influenced by Babylonian-Talmud. International Zionism and world Jewry is very much influenced by this Babylonian-Talmud. Therefore, the definition of a Jew is very controversial among so many historians and academicians and it has remained for so long as the most controversial of all issues. Some take it as a racial, some take it as a religious and others take it as a cultural and political. And some take it as a combination of all the above. However the most convincing definition of a Jew (which I read somewhere) also includes that a Jew can never become a non-Jew and a non-Jew can never become a Jew. Many historians and academicians assert that the elite establishment (Zionist Ashkenazi Jews) dominating and ruling Israel since its establishment does not have any racial attachment to the ancient 12 tribes of Israelites. This Zionist Ashkenazi Jews are assumed as self-proclaimed Jews. Some say they are mainly Khazars of Caucasian origin. However, there are ordinary genuine Israelites in today’s Israel. Due to this reason there is a very serious and significant religious and racial difference between the ancient 12 tribes of Israelites and the majority of self-proclaimed Jews (Zionists) living in Israel or outside of Israel. Especially the Zionist elite establishment (Ashkenazi Jews) dominating Israel and the rest of the world as the shakers and movers of world events are assumed to be non-Israelites and even they are assumed to be anti-Semites. However, every time their diabolical lies are exposed they victimize their detractors as ant-Semite as the very instrument of distraction from the truth. The true descendants of the Israelites are dominated by these self-proclaimed-Jews (International Zionists).These Zionists exploit the issue of the Jewry and anti-Semitism for their diabolical cause. In Bible (Revelation) it is written that there are self-proclaimed Jews who are not really a Jew but are members of the synagogue of Satan. It is this self-proclaimed Jews (International Zionists) who are the shakers and movers of most of critical world events. They create the majority of crisis for humanity. First world-war 2nd world-war and the 3rd will be initiated by these satanic forces. Zionism was first mainly considered as the political movement for the establishment of National home for Jews scattered all over the world. Initially it was a good cause supported by others as well. However after having established a National home (State of Israel) in Palestine its influence is still growing internationally. The cause of this whole chaos in the Middle East is Zionism. Ordinary innocent real Jews (Israelites) are just dupes and cannon fodder victims exploited by the Zionists. According to these satanic international Zionists the State of Israel shall become the centre seat of World-Government. All other Nation-States shall be gradually wiped out from the map of the world. That is why there is chaos and war all over the world. Finally, by the mantra of order out of chaos, Israel shall become the main seat of Anti-Christ. Anti-Christ is a self-proclaimed Christ who is actually a devil incarnate. Therefore, throughout history the whole world has been significantly influenced by the issue of world Jewry.

  29. Tesfaye
    | #29

    To understand the true cause of poverty and unemployment:
    Deconstructing the true hidden agenda of Developmental-State (DS) theory of Meles and TPLF is very timely and important issue. Why Meles brought forward the issue of DS especially after the 2005 electoral defeat? It has to be exposed. As some Ethiopians put it TPLF is entangled with some sort of clash of civilization and class of historical realities. All the time TPLF considers it self as if it is a harbinger of every good thing of Ethiopia. TPLF assumes as if it has created its New-Ethiopia from scratch or ground zero-level. It is this same mentality and internal contradictions of TPLF that tempted or led Meles to claim as the champion of DS. To disprove this misleading claim of Meles as vanguard of DS, first it is vital to remind some fallacious premises and other many exiting realities on the ground as mentioned below.

    1) TPLF collaborated with EPLF and fought for secession of Eritrea and deliberate land-locking of Ethiopia. The deliberate land-locking of Ethiopia was such a historical sabotage ever committed by TPLF against Ethiopia. In addition to losing the strategic importance of the sea outlet, Ethiopia now pays close to one Billion dollar every year for Djibouti port rent.

    2) TPLF came to power by the barrel of the gun after 17 years of bloody civil-war. It was even defeated in 2005 national election by landslide victory of Kinjit. Therefore, it does not have a good track record to be accepted unanimously as a Developmental-State.

    3) TPLF formulated a diabolical policy of targeting Amhara and Orthodox Church as its arch enemy. And hence TPLF worked hard for the last 40 years to weaken and wipe-out the two vital parts of Ethiopianity. How can you be accepted by the majority mass as a DS or whatever legitimate power while you are targeting the vital part of the majority Ethiopianity?

    4)TPLF has a hidden agenda of establishing independent and Sovereign greater Tigray State. To achieve this goal TPLF has forcefully annexed land from Amhara region through systemic ethnic cleansing. The very reason article-39 is included in the constitution. And indeed the very economic hegemony of TPLF by using EFFORT and other proxy agents locally or abroad originates from this hidden agenda of TPLF.

    5) TPLF formulated and practiced ethnically and linguistically based federalism in Ethiopia with the addition of the right for secession any time (article-39). No other country in the world practiced such type of Federalism.

    6) TPLF still uses its ethnic brand name of TPLF even after 25 years of stay in power. Is Tigray and its people still not liberated? EPRDF is also still a front with ethnically based independent parties.

    7) TPLF is the real Fascist-Communist power while Derg was just a bogus Communist only by name. Take the acronym EPRDF. It contains names Revolution and Democracy.
    The name Revolution (similar to the name Weyane) stands for its Materialistic and Communist ideology. The name Democracy is used just as a PR mask to appease or mislead its Western bidders and the international community abroad and other naïve Ethiopians at home. Some one once said that TPLF is characterized by a communist mentality in theory but with a capitalist stomach in reality.

    8)TPLF came to power by the main support of foreign powers especially the West. Therefore, it has to obey the Neo-Liberal policy of the West to stay in power. And accordingly TPLF and Meles has implemented the Neo-Liberal policy of Western institutions like IMF and World Bank for the last 25 years and is till obeying the same policy and will continue to obey the same policy to stay in power. Meles’s brag against Neo-Liberalism is just a misleading pretence not a serious challenge.

    9) The DS nature of South-Korea and China does not have that much historical or contemporary similarity or match with Ethiopia. In very simple terms those countries are not at least as ethnically fragmented as Ethiopia is today .Those countries do not adopt ethnic federalism. Those countries never strived to convert their entire citizenry and manpower in to a blindly submissive CADRE of political machine or ideologue. They have invested a lot in knowledge, expertise and Research and Development (R&D). They have undertaken ‘cultural revolution’ and some sort of political consensus that paves the way for economic development. So they do not necessary need to implement a multi-party chaotic elections every term that has a potential of hassle and political instability. The other thing that contributes for the economic development of South-Korea is related to the previous colonial power of Japan. The divide b/n North and South Korea is traced back to the colonial power of Japan.The elites of the North were anti-colonial where as the elites of the South were some how pro-colonial. USA follows same suit of pre-colonial times of Japan to divide Koreans in to the North-South line. Because of this colonial history USA favored the South Koreans and marginalized the Northerners. Therefore US and Western Trans National Companies (TNS) made alliance with Southern Korean elites and contributed a great deal for the advancement of the South economically and technologically. However the North is demonized as belligerent and rogue state because of its historical nationalist and anti-colonial background. At the beginning of the division it was the North that was advancing economically and technologically because of its nationalist nature. But later because of the cold war and the way the cold war ended and the afterward pressure the North is experiencing from the West by so many sanctions as we all now know the North is in problem specially for the last 2 decades. Therefore, because of geo-political and other global-power relations the West has contributed a great deal for the technological and economic development of South-Korea. Meles also raised the issue of the divide between Northern and Southern Italy .Does this analogical example remind us the historical and contemporary divide that has existed in Ethiopia as well ? Tigray and Eritrea considered as Northern Ethiopia and the rest considered as Southern Ethiopia? What are the psychological, social, cultural, historical, political, economical, factors for the existing divide that Meles raised to exist both in Italy and Ethiopia? What is its influence in his DS model? Well Germany also experienced half-century East-West divide because of Second-world war and the remaining residual cold-war but managed to defeat the challenge of divide..

    10) What is Neo-Liberalism? Neo-Liberalism is in short rent-seeking and patronage economic system for the benefit of the very few capitalist oligarchies who control state-power directly or indirectly. As in the case of the West Neo-Liberalism utilizes government monetary and fiscal policies like bank-bailout and austerity measures to plunder and accumulate wealth for the very few capitalist oligarchies by impoverishing the mass. Especially after the 2008 financial bubble in the West, bank-bailout and austerity measures were implemented by the governments of the West. In the case of developing-countries, for to this economic policy to be applied, first regime-change takes place by war or other means in order to install subservient puppet regimes like TPLF. Because neo-liberalism is implemented as a peace time economic policy it can not be implemented without compliant puppet regimes in power. Therefore, in general Neo-Liberalism can not be even implemented with out intermediary state intervention and its patronage. TPLF was defeated in the 2005 national election by Kinjit but managed to continue ruling Ethiopia by force and deceit of Ethiopians by using the fabricated DS new-speak. TPLF does not have the required legitimacy to rule Ethiopia. Because of its ethnic politics that originates from its narrow ethnic origin or background it can not achieve political legitimacy or hegemony through free and fair election through the majority consent of the mass. That is why it must always resort to cheating and harassing elections. Likewise, to achieve economic hegemony it has to rely on mischievous, predatory, rent-seeking and patronage economic-system. TPLF can not outsmart only by fair play of genuine free-market economy let alone to become a welfare-state like Derg or Haileselassie. Therefore, TPLF has to follow a mafia-style economic fascism in order to thrive as an ethnically narrow special interest-group or oligarchy under the disguise of DS .Take EFFORT as a good example of rent-seeking and patronage economic empire. EFFORT enjoys the patronage of TPLF to thrive in the economic sector. However, EFFORT is virtually a private company that belongs to TPLF members .It is neither a state-owned nor a public- owned company. That is why Meles and TPLF has established EFFORT and then has adopted rent-seeking and patronage economic-system which is called Neo-Liberalism. Theoretically Meles and TPLF denounce Neo-Liberalism but practically they implements the same Neo-Liberalism they appear to denounce. Meles’s draft paper for his doctoral thesis “African Development Dead-Ends and New-Beginnings” is just a sheer hypocrisy and double-standard which is very contradictory to existing realities on the ground. May be it is a subtle way of personal confession for wrong doing or sin because of the damages incurred by this wrong Neo-Liberal economic policy. Meles was indirectly striving to reconcile TPLF’s Marxist-Leninist mentality with TPLF’s capitalist stomach. For me this draft thesis is like that of “Confessions of The Economic Hit Men” of John Perkins. While Meles and TPLF has implemented ethnic-politics and ethnic-federalism at home I even take it as a crocodile tear to stand-up for Africa.The selection of Ethiopia as the seat of African Union has a historical background that arises from Ethiopia’s long time exemplary anti-colonial resistance. Therefore, according to TPLF ethnic policy even Africa Union must have been removed from Ethiopia long time ago. Because ethnic politics is against the vision of African union it was founded. Meles mentioned about the night watch-man type of state in his draft paper. Actually there was no such state in Ethiopia or in most of the world including USA. The last 3 regimes in Ethiopia before TPLF were all active state players not only in the political sector but also in the Economic sector. The economy was not as such too liberal from the intervention of the state the way Meles tries to misleadingly depict it as night watch-man type of state. Especially Derg was the very active decision maker and active player in the economic sector because of its socialist ideology. While Derg was working hard on nationalization of economic sectors,it is rather TPLF which has carried our de-nationalization and implemented a sell out of public and state enterprises by the cover of privatization of the economic sector through Privatization Agency.

    Meles in his paper clearly announces and admits rent-seeking and patronage as the inevitable vital merit part of Developmental-State and on the other hand he denounces the same rent-seeking and patronage as the main demerit and obstacle for Developmental-State.His DS model, both in theory and practice, is very hypocritical and double-standard approach which is based on wrong premises. How can we reconcile this paradox or contradiction? According to Meles and TPLF stealing is allowed as long as you are not identified but is only a crime if you are caught red-handed. Likewise rent-seeking and patronage under the disguise of DS is allowed as a blessing only for EFFORT, TPLF, Tigres and the associated local and foreign cronies in the food-chain but it is a forbidden taboo for other Ethiopians who are outside of these domains. Free enterprise and the private sector has been discouraged and sabotaged to failure in order to provide a comparative advantage for EFFORT and other TPLF affiliates. By the stretched long hand of the state (TPLF) as an intermediary regulator EFFORT and other local and foreign business affiliates have been interlocked with the financial, military, bureaucracy, security and other branches of the state in order to serve minority interest-groups or oligarchies.Knowing these all things Developmental-State is just a mere intellectual jargon created by Meles in order to mislead and cover up the exiting reality on the ground. DS is just a very insidious mechanism of creating a preferential and comparative advantage for the political and economic hegemony of TPLF and Tigre peoples by marginalizing and disfranchising the remaining Ethiopians. The very misleading wrong premise of Meles is that Neo-Liberalism can be implemented without state intervention and patronage. Neo-Liberalism is in short rent-seeking and patronage economic system for the benefit of the very few capitalist oligarchies who control state-power directly or indirectly. Neo-Liberalism can not be even implemented with out intermediary state intervention and its patronage. In the Ethiopian context TPLF is an intermediary entity that works both as the sate and the local oligarchy. Meles or TPLF has misleadingly held a wrong premise of view as if the state(TPLF) is carrying out a fair and just economic redistribution intermediary role by exploiting the status of state’s privileged or unearned gain of rent-seeking and patronage economic activities as a DS.
    No that is not what is actually happening on the ground. The state(TPLF) is rather playing the intermediary bridging role of exploiting the majority mass and then systemically transferring wealth to the minorities by impoverishing the majorities. TPLF is especially exploiting intensively and extensively the unjust land policy and its corrupt monetary policy as a means of rent-seeking and patronage to accumulate wealth for the minorities. The system of TPLF has relied mainly on rent-seeking and patronage rather than actual value creation by a fair and just means. And this corrupt and mafia style economic system that mainly relies on rent-seeking and patronage mainly originates from the very inception nature of TPLF as a narrowly and ethnically organized apartheid style political force. Therefore rent-seeking and patronage predatory economic system (Neo-Liberalism) is the main unavoidable attributive nature of TPLF. As I said it above Meles was just subtly making confessions in his draft doctoral thesis by providing it an academic cover-up in order to reconcile with his previous soul of Marxist-Leninist ideology. Why Meles lastly comes out with anti-Neo-Liberalism and pro-DS stand while to the contrary implementing the same Neo-Liberal economic policy all his life in power and TPLF still continues the same policy? For me, in the context of TPLF, both DS and Neo-Liberalism are the same in practice except a matter of difference in terminology. It is all a game of words in appearance but with no difference in substance.

  30. አትከልክሉን አትከልሉን
    | #30

    ከዚህ በታች የምታነቡት በትግረኛ ተጽፎ የህወሓት ባለስልጣናት የተወያዩበትና የተስማሙበት ድብቅ መረጃ በከፊል ነው። ይህ ረቂቅ ዶኩመንት በወያኔም ባለስልጣናት ተቀባይነት አግኝቶና ጸድቆ በተግባር በአስቸኳይ በወልቃይት ጠገዴና ቃብቲያ ሁመራ ህዝብ ላይ በተግባር ላይ እንዲውል ስምምነት ተደርሶበታል።
    ይህ በትግረኛ የተዘጋጀውና ወደ አማርኛ የተተረጎመው ሰንድ የተዘጋጀውና በህወሃት ባለስልጣናት እንዲተገበር ያቀረበው በብዕር ስሙ ዘጽኣት አናንያ በሚል ስም የሚታወቅ እውነትኛ ስሙ ግን ጎይቶኦም የማነ ገብረኣናንያ የተባለ ቀንደኛ የህወሃት ስውር ፊታውራሪ ነው።

    ከትግረኛ ወደ አማርኛ የተተረጎመውን ከዚህ ቀጥሎ ያንብቡ።
    እኛ ትግሬዎች ምን ብናደርግ ነው የሚሻለው?
    የወልቃይት ጠገዴና ኣካባቢዎቹ የታወቁ የናይዝጊ ልጆች መሆናቸው ያ መሰረቱ የማይጠፋው የናይዝጊ ቤተ መንግስትና የትግርኛ ታናጋሪዎች መሆናቸውን የሚያጠያይቅ ስላልሆነ የፅሑፍ ሓተታ ኣያሰፈልገንም። ታዲያ ለምን? ቢሉ ከፊላችን እያወቅን ከፊላችን ደግሞ በየዋህነት እንዳንዘናጋ ወይ ደግሞ ብአዴን ያን ውስጣዊ የክልላዊ ስልጣን ተቀባይነቱ ለማናር ብሎ ብአዴን ህዝብ እየጠዬቀ ነው በሚል በግልፅ ጥያቄው ለፌደረሽን ምክር ቤት ሊያቀርብ ስለሚችል ሳንታለል ተዘጋጅተን መቆየት ስልያስፈልገን ነው። ይህ የተንኮል ምልክት በታየባቸው የምዕራባዊ ዞን ኣካባቢዎች ብቻ ሰርተን የምንተኛ ሳይሆን በራያ ኣንዳንድ ኣካባቢዎችም በልዩ ሁኔታ ደግሞ ራያ ኣላማጣ፣ ኦፍላ፣ በኮረም ከተማና ኣላማጣ ከተማ ጭምርም ሊሰራበት ይገባል። ለዚህ ደግሞ በግልፅና በውስጣዊ ኣሰራር ሊተገበሩ የሚገቡ ኣንገብጋቢ መርሃ ግብሮች ኣሉ።
    ሀ. በግልፅ ሊሰራባቸው የተገቡ መርሃ ግብሮች
    የህወሓት ፓርቲ ገዢዎችና በትግራይ ክልል ብቻ የተመሰረቱት ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች ከመወነጃጀል ስራ ነፃ ሆነው በትግራይ የበላይነት ኣላማ ኣምነው የዚህ ክልልና ሃገር እድገት ለማረጋገጥ የኣቋምና የመተማመን የምናይበት ግዜ እየናፈቀን ነው። ይህ ኣሁን ያለንበት ግዜ ደግሞ ይሔን ጉዳይ ኣጥብቆ የሚፈልግበት ሁኔታ መሆኑ ማስተዋል ይጠይቃል። በኦሮሚያ ያሉ ተቃዋሚዎችና ገዢው ኦህዴድን ብናይ በሉኣላዊነትና የህዝብ የድህንነት መብትና ተጠቃሚነት የተዋሃዱና የተናበቡ ሆነው ይታያሉ።
    በወረዳዎች ያለው የመልካም ኣስተዳደር እጦትና በሕብረተሰቡ መሰላቸትና ማጉረምረም ስለሚፈጥር ለእነዚህ እየተነሱ ያሉ ጥያቄዎች የሚበቅሉበት በማዳበሪያ የተዘጋጀ ለም መሬት በራሳችን እየፈጠርንላቸው ስላለን በኣፋጣኝ የሚታረምበትና ስርኣትና መልክ የሚይዙበት ሁኔታ መፈጠር ኣለበት። ወደ ምዕራባዊው የትግራይ ዞን (ወልቃይትና ጠገዴ) የሚላኩት የተሾሙ የዞንና የወረዳ ኣመራሮች፣ የፍትህ ኣካላት በደጋማው የትግራይ ኣካባቢዎች ደካማ የስራ ኣፈፃፀም ያላቸውና ጥፋትም ያላቸው በቅጣት መልክ ወደ ኣካባቢው እንዲላኩ መደረጉ፤ መምህራን፣ የጤና ባላሙያዎች እንዲሁም ሌሎች ባለሙያዎች ደግሞ ለስራቸው መጀምሪያ ልምድ እንዲያገኙበት እንዲሆን ተደርጎ የተፈረደበት ኣካባቢ ነው። ይህ ደግሞ በኣካባቢው ልማትና መልካም ኣስተዳደር ትልቅ ኣሉታዊ ተፅእኖ ኣለው።
    የመፍትሔ ሓሳብ፦
    ያ ኣካባቢ በልማት ተጠቃሚ የሚሆንበትን በተጠቃሚነቱ በጎረቤቱ ከሚገኙት የኣማራ ክልል ወረዳዎች የተሻለ የልማት ተጠቃሚ ሆኖ በሚያይበት ግዜ ትግሬነቱ ኣጠናክሮ የሚቀጥልበትና ለሚመጡ የትግሬነቱ ጠላቶች በጣም ኣጠንክሮ የሚዋጋበት ሁኔታ ስለሚፈጥር በዚህ ጉዳይ በጣም ተጠናክሮ ቢሰራበት ዘላቂ መፍትሔ ያስገኛል። በተጨማሪ ከምዕራባዊው የትግራይ ዞን ውጭ ብንመለከት እንኳን በደርቅ የተጠቁ የኣማራ ክልል ወረዳዎች ዋግሀምራና ራያ ቆቦን በቂ የሰውና እንሰሳ ምግብና የመጠጥ ዉሃ ሲቀርብላቸው በኣንፃሩ ደግሞ በእነዚህ ኣከባቢ የሚገኙ የኣማራ ክልል ኣዋሳኝ የሆኑ የትግራይ ወረዳዎች እንደ ጣንቋ ኣበርገሌ፤ ሰሓርቲ ሳምረና ራያ ለሰዉና እንሰሳ የሚያስፈልግ ምግብና የመጠጥ ውሃ ከጅምር በዘለለ የሚታይ ስራ ኣለ የሚያስብል ኣይደለም። ራያ ቆቦ ከከርሰ ምድር በሚገኝ ውሃ በመስኖ ሲለማ በኣንፃሩ ደግሞ ቀድሞ የተጀመረው የራያ መስኖ ስራ በትግራይ ስላልተሰራበት የራያ ትግራይ ህዝብ ለልማት ተጠቃሚነት ሲል ወደ ኣማራ ክልል ከሔድን እንደራያ ቆቦ እንለማለን የሚል መንፈስ ፈጥሮ ችግር እስከሚፈጠር ድረስ እንዲያድግ ሰለማያስፈልግ በፍጥነት መፍትሔ ቢደርግለት ኣሁንም ጠቀሜታን ያስገኛል።
    ሀ. በውስጣዊ ኣሰራር ሊተገበሩ የሚገባቸው መርሃ ግብሮች
    1. ለእነዛ ከህግ ውጭ ኮሚቴ ኣቋቁመው በኣካባቢውና በውጭ (በኣሜሪክ ኣውሮፓና ሌሎች ኣግሮች) እየተንቀሳቀሱ ያሉትን ኮሚቴና ኣባላቶቹ ጉዟቸው የሚደናቀፍበትና በተጓዙበት ሁሉ እንቅፋት እንዲያጋጥማቸውና ተስፋ እንዲቆርጡ ጠንክሮ መስራት ያስፈልጋል። ይሔም በዛ በሚንቀሳቀሱበት ቦታ ባሉ ትግሬዎችና የትግራይን ጣዕም በሚገባ የሚያውቁ ኣካላት በሚስጥር ሊሰራና ሊከናወን ይችላል።
    እነዚያ ኣባላቶቹ ጉዟቸው የሚያቋርጡበትና ከሕብረተሰቡ እንዲሁም ከቤተሰቦቻቸው ጫና እንዲያድርባቸው መስራት ያስፈልጋል። በዚህ የማይመለሱ ከሆነ ደግሞ ከሕብረተሰባቸውና ቤተሰቦቻቸው የሚለዩበት ስራዎች መስራት የግድ ይለናል። ለዚህ ሃሳብ የሚያንቀሳቅሱ ኣባላት፣ ኮሚቴውና ተባባሪዎቻቸው ከማህበራዊ ኣገልግሎት እንዲገለሉ መስራት፤ሆቴል ፣ መኪና ወዘተርፈ እንዲጠቀሙ በሚቀርቡበት ግዜ ለባለንብረቶቹና ኣግልግሎት ሰጪዎቹ የማንቂያ ሰራ በመስራት እነርሱ የሚፈልጉትን ኣገልግሎት እንዳያገኙ በማድረግ ባለንብረቶቹ ግዴታዎቻቸው እንዲወጡ መስራት ያስፈልጋል።
    2. ይህ የትግራይ የቆላ ኣካባቢ ህዝብ (ምዕራባዊው ዞን)በደጋ ከሚኖረው የትግራይ ህዝብ ጋር ስነ-ልቦናዊና ማህበረ-ኢኮኖሚያዊ ግንኙነት እንዲደለደል ማድረግ። የወልቃይት ጠገዴና ቃብቲያ ሁመራ ወረዳዎች ካለፉት መንግስታት ጀምሮ እስከ ኣሁን ድረስ ማህበረ-ኢኮኖሚያዊ ግንኙነቱና ማዕከሉ የጎንደር ከተማ ብቻ እንዲሆን ነው የተፈረደበት። የንግድ ሸቀጣ ሸቀጦች ከፋብሪካ ውጤቶች እስከ ኣትክልቶችና ፍራፍሬዎች የሚቀርብለት ከጎንደር ብቻ ነው። ለተጨማሪ የግል ትምህርት ልጆቹ የሚጓዙት ወደ ጎንደር ነው፤የሱዳን ሸቀጣ ሸቀጦች የሚገኝበት በመተማ በኩል ነው፤ በትግራይ ምዕራባዊው ዞን (በወልቃይት ጠገዴና ቃብቲያ ሁመራ) እንደምንም ተጠጋግቶ ተጣቦ ኣርሶ ብር ያጠራቀመ ሰው ሲኖር ህንፃና የንግድ ቤቶች የሚሰራበትና የሚከትምበት ጎንደር ወዘተርፈ…ይህ በጣም ሓይለኛ የሆነ ስነ-ልቦናዊና ማህበረ-ኢኮኖሚያዊ ጫና ፈጥሮ ስለሚገኝ ይሔን ችግር ለመቀልበስ ደግሞ ደረሰኝ የሌላቸው ሸቀጣ ሸቀጦች ከጎንደር እንዳይመጡ የክልከላ ጫና ሰለባ እንዲሆን በማድረግ በተቃራኒው ከደጋማው የትግራይ ኣካባቢ ጋር ግንኙነት ለማጠናከር ደግሞ በሽሬና መቀሌ የሚገኙ ታላላቅ ነጋዴዎች በልዩ ሁኔት በማናገር በኣከፋፋዮች ደረጃ ከሁሉም ዓይነት የንግድ ዉጤቶችና ሸቀጣሸቀጦች ከጎንደር ከሚመጣው ንብረት ሁሉ በጣም በቀነሰ የዋጋ መጠን ቢያንስ ግን ተመጣጣኝ በሆነ ዋጋ ሙሉ ብሙሉ የሚሸፈንበት መንገድ በኣጭር ግዜ ውስጥ መፈጠር ኣለበት። ከሽሬ ጀምሮ በሉግዲ በኩል የተዘረጋው ጥርጊያ (ሱዳንና ትግራይ የሚያገናኘው የጥርጊያ መስመር) በጣም ተጠናክሮ በፍጥነት እንዲሰራበትና ይህ የጥርጊያ መስመር እንዲጠናከር በጣም ጠንክሮ መስራትና ማገዝ፤ በዚህ ጉዳይ ከሱዳን ጋር በጥልቅትና በፍጥነት መወያየት ያስፈልጋል።
    የትግራይ ኪነ-ጥበብ በተለይ የትግርኛ ዘፈኖች ብናያቸው በሁሉም ዘፈኖቹ ሲጠሩ የምንሰማቸው የኣካባቢ ስሞች ትግራይ ማለት ከሽሬ የሚመለስ እንደሆነ የሚሰብኩ ናቸው። ይህን ችግር ከመሰረቱ በማረም ወልቃይት፣ ጠገዴ፣ ጠለምትና ሁመራ ያካተተ እንዲሆን የትግራይ ጥበበኞች እንዲያስቡበት ማድረግ፤ ምክንያቱም በኣማርኛ ቋንቋ የሚዘፈኑ የጎንደር ኣካባቢ ስም የሚያነሱ ዘፈኖች ሁሉ ብንመለከት ኣሁንም ያልተዋቸው በሽታ የእነዚህ ኣካባቢ (ወልቃይት፣ ጠገዴ፣ ሰሜን፣ኣርማጭሆ፣ጠለምትና ሁመራ) ስም ሳይጠሩ ኣያልፉም። ስለሆነም የጥበብ ድርሻ በሰው ልጅ ስነ-ልቦና ከፍተኛ ተፅእኖ ስላለው የትግራይ ጥበበኞች ልንሰራበት ይገባል። የቆላው የትግራይ ተወላጅ (ወልቃይት፣ ጠገዴ፣ ሁመራ፣ ቃብቲያና ጠለምት) ከጎንደር ታሪክ በላይ በኣክሱምና ይሓ ታሪክ ኩራት እንዲሰማዉና የእኔነት ስሜት እንዲያድርበት ማድረግ የግድ ያስፈልጋል። ከኣጤ ቴድሮስ ታሪክ በላይ የኢትዮጵያን ዳርድንበርን ለማስከበር ላይ እና ታች እያለ ሳለ የሞተውን የኣጤ ዮሃንስ ኣራተኛ ጀግንነት ኣውቆ እንዲኮራበትና እንዲመካበት ቢደረግ የትምክህተኞቹ የኣማራዎቹ ተግባር ማለትም ከድሮ ጀምሮ በተዋረድ የመጣውን ክፋታቸውና ዉሸታቸው እንዲሁም የትግራዋይን ስም የማጥፋትና በወሬ በማስተጋባት ብልግና እንደሰሩ በማስተማር በተቃራኒው ደግሞ የትግራይና ትግራዎትን የበላይነትንና ብሔርተኝነትን ከፍ በማድረግ በውስጣዊ ስብከት እንዲያስተጋባ በማድረግ ጫና መፍጠር።
    3. የሐይማኖት ኣባቶች ግዴታዎች፦
    በኣካባቢው ኣብዛኛው የኦርቶዶክስ ሐይማኖት እምነት ተከታይና የትግርኛ ቋንቋ ተናጋሪ በመሆኑ በኣብያተ-ክርስቲያናት ላይ የሚደረጉት ስብከቶችና ኣገልግሎቶች ከኣማርኛ ሙሉ በሙሉ ነፃ እንዲሆኑ በማድረግ በትግርኛ እንዲገለገሉ ማድረግ። በኣከባቢው ወደ ሚገኙ ኣብያተ-ክርስቲያናት የሚመደቡ ገበዝ፣ ቀሳውስትና ዲያቆናት ከኣካባቢ ሰዎች እንዳለ ሆኖ በተጨማሪ ሙሉ በሙሉ ትግርኛ ብቻ የሚናገሩ ኣገልጋዮች ከሁሉም የደጋው የትግራይ ኣካበቢ የሚመደቡበት ሁኔታ በማመቻቸት የመስበኪያ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ እንዲቆጣጠረው ማድረግ። ይህም ማለት ያ ኣሁን ያለው የኣካባቢው የኣብያተ-ክርስቲያናት ኣገልግሎት የኣማርኛ ቋንቋ የበላይነት የሚያራምዱ የጎንደሬዎችና የጎጃሞች ቋንቋ ለትግርኛ ቋንቋ የሚቆጣጠረው ስለሆነ ነው።
    4. የኣካባቢው ተወላጅ የሆኑ ተሰሚነት ያላቸው የኣገር ሽማግሌዎች፣ የሐይማኖት መሪዎችና ሃብታሞች ትግሬነታቸው እንዲኮሩበትና ለእነዛ በመሓል ስሜት ያሉ ሰዎች ሰብከው የሚያመጡበት ሁኔታዎች ለመፍጠር መነጋገርና መግባባት በመፍጠር እንዲሰሩበት ማድረግና በልዩ እንክብካቤ መያዝ ያስፈልጋል።
    5. የኣካባቢው ኗሪ ተወላጆች በመንግስት ስራዎችና በግል ስራዎች በሁሉም የትግራይ ደጋማው ኣካባቢ ከሚኖሩብት የተሻለ ስራ እንዲሰሩ ማድረግና ከትግራይ ነጋዴዎች ጋር ጥብቅ ሁኔታዎችና ግንኙነት እንዲኖር መፍጠር። በተቃራኒው ደግሞ ወደ ትግራይ ምዕራባዊው ዞን የደጋማው የትግራይ ህዝብ በብዛት በማምጣት ቋሚ ኑሮ የሚኖርበትና የሚመራበት ሁኔታዎች በመፍጠር ይህ መርሃ ግብር በፍጥነት እውን እንዲሆን ማድረግ ኣስፈላጊ ነው።
    6. ኣዳዲስ የሰፈራ ማዕከሎችን በማቋቋም በሸራሮና ሁመራ የጥርጊያ መስመር ፈቃደኛ የወልቃይትና የጠገዴ ተወላጆች በዛ ኣድርገን ከሌላ ኣካባቢዎች ኣደባልቆ በሰፈራ ማዕከሎች ማስፈር። በኣማራ ክልል ድንበር የሚገኙ ኣዋሳኝ የወልቃይትና የጠገዴ ቀበሌዎች ላይ ከትግራይ በሚመጡ ሰፋሪዎች በቋሚነት እንዲሰፍሩና በእርሻና ንግድ በጣም ፈጣንና ጠንካራ እንዲሆኑ በማድረግ የተለያዩ የብድር ኣገልግሎት እንዲያገኙ በማድረግ እንዲሁም ግብር እንዳይከፍሉ በማድረግ በቋሚነት የሚኖሩበት ሁኔታ ማመቻቸት።
    7. በባላባት የወልቃይት ጠገዴ ተወላጆችና ለስራ ከደጋው የትግራይ ኣካባቢበሔዱትና በሚሔዱት የትግራይ ተወላጆች መካከል በትዳር በሰፊው እንዲገናኙ በማድረግ የትግራይ ልጆች ኣንድነት እንዲጠነክር መስራት ያስፈልጋል። በመጨረሻ እነዚህ የመሳሰሉትን የሚነሱ ጥያቄዎች የሚከታተል ውስጣዊና ሚስጥራዊ ኮሚቴ በማቋቋም መፍትሔዎችን ያፈላልጋል፤ በትምክህተኛ የኣማራ ሓይል በኩል የሚደረጉ ዉስጣዊና ዉጫዊ እንቅስቃሴዎች በትኩረት መከታተል ያስፈልጋል።

  31. Tesema
    | #31

    Solomon @27,

    Thank you for sharing with us about the academic credentials and commitment of professor Worku Aberra to social justice. His credentials are public. I also verified on the internet that he has a PhD degree in economics from McGill University, one of the best universities in Canada, in Economics and that he also served a member of Board of Governors of his college. Mulugetta Abebe’s attack on the professor has no merit. It simply shows the person using the pseudo name Mulugetta suffers from his own intellectual insecurity and tries to pull down Dr. Worku. He is a small man with a small brain. Let’s concentrate on this issue that the professor has raised so eloquently in his four instalments.

  32. Dawi
    | #32

    An answer to Tesfaye’s diatribe:

    [[..All the time TPLF considers it self as if it is a harbinger of every good thing of Ethiopia. TPLF assumes as if it has created its New-Ethiopia from scratch or ground zero-level..]]

    What is it then when multi national organizations were defeated or weren’t in the picture and the ones in charge forming the federation were ethnic communities? One can call it new-Ethiopia creation if s/he chooses. Can’t s/he?

    1) Yes TPLF collaborated with EPLF but provoked it by advocating self-determination for ethnic communities within Eritrea. “Land locking” charge can be spread to many however, when EPLF chose to be an observer and “secession” included in the new constitution, the decision to exit seized to be based on TPLF whim. I give the lions share of the decision to exit to EPLF.

    2) Yes TPLF came to power by armed struggle. Who said DS can’t formed “out the barrel of gun” as in elsewhere? Add the ability to convince the people while you are at it. Yes EPRDF was “defeated” in 2005 and its leader acknowledged it.

    3 – 7) It is grand exaggeration to say “TPLF formulated a diabolical policy of targeting Amhara and Orthodox Church”; itself comes from a state of the foundation of the Orthodox church to begin with; only those who identify themselves to past tyrannical regime accuse the Ethiopian Student Movement that stood for equality and freedom of Ethiopia’s diverse faiths and cultures is to “wipe-out the two vital parts of Ethiopianity”; TPLF was an off-shoot of ESM and can’t be as bad as you stated.

    After victory, a federation arrangement was formed because the movements that were part of the united front weren’t going to take anything less than a system that fully accepts the equality and freedom of their communities. They eventually agreed on an entitlement to enter and to exit the political unity freely as drafted by OLF; EPLF took advantage of that to exit the union.

    On the other hand, when one champions the equality and freedom of Ethiopia’s diverse faiths and cultures, it is considered going through a revolution void of targeting a particular group in principle. TPLF as a branch of ESM had a motto to correct past injustices that went beyond there own cultural community. That is a fact.

    TPLF urged national self-determination for ethnic communities within Eritrea, thereby challenged EPLF’s policy of fostering inclusive nationalism. That is still on the table.

    Regarding EFFORT, the then CEO, Azeb Mesfin (an Amara), explained that “EFFORT employees are working harder than ever to keep the visions of the late PM Meles Zenawi.” And his vision was DS. There is no reason for Ethiopians to dispute her claim. We expect Ethnic brand names to go away down the line. EPRDF turning to a single party is a possibility in my view.

    8) DS is recognized by IMF; the Chinese are its major sponsors today; so the West do not have the final say on anything as in the past.

    9) DS is not one shoe fits all as you make it look like; to each its own; “..The abiding impression left by Meles and the TPLF leadership was that their theory and practice were deeply rooted in the realities of Ethiopia, and that they would succeed or fail on their terms and no others…” why have a problem with that? That is based on Ethiopia’s history.

    “..TPLF does not have the required legitimacy to rule Ethiopia…”? What? Neither the past tyrants HIM and Derg? What is your point?

    You said, “..according to TPLF ethnic policy even Africa Union must have been removed from Ethiopia long time ago…”. You must not know Meles saved AU from moving it else where; find and watch the Libyan AU conference of the past.

    Who allocates the “rent”? Is the central question. Other than that DS is Capitalism pure and simple. If you like to know the latest on the issue read the following view:

    Alex De Waal’s statement was quoted by Zehabesha this week from; it was his observation of what is going on regarding “rent” in Ethiopia post-Meles.

    “The political governance is I think in a very interesting moment by which the highly centralized rent allocation that was undertaken by the late PM Meles Zenawi is breaking down. And Meles was very explicit that he was not interested in eliminating rent but in allocating rent. Now his successors, therefore, have huge amount of resources in their hands to allocate. And given that none of them has that same centralized command over everything that goes on in investment development policy, the system is becoming more like of cartel of different power centers, each of which is allocating resources. This is likely to lead to a sharp increase in corruption. It does not mean that the developmental project is going to be derailed but it will take on a different character and the extent to which in that transition the voices of the people can be heard so that there can be a democratic debate is going to be really challenging because one of the things that happens when you centralize power in a single party with no opposition is that party rocks from the middle. That always happens and this is a challenge of Ethiopia how to prevent that rock at the center given that the EPRDF is politically dominant otherwise it will be in a trouble.” – Zehabesha



  33. Samuel
    | #33

    በምስራቁና በምእራቡ አለም ወይም በየትኛውም ሃገር ውስጥ በሚኖሩ ህዝቦች መሃከል ጦርነት የለም። ጦርነት ያለው ሰይጣናዊ አመለካከት ባላቸው ልዩ ፍጡር ነን በሚሉና እንዲሁም ምድርን በሙሉ ተቆጣጥረን ሌላውን ህዝብ ባሪያ አድርገን እንገዛለን ወይም የተለያዬ ዘዴ ተጠቅመን ከምድረ ገጽ እናጠፋቸዋለን በሚሉና ከአብዛኛው የአለም(የምድሪቱ) ነዋሪ ህዝብ ጋር ነው። ዋናው መሳሪያቸው ገንዘብና የሃሰት ፕሮፓጋንዳ ነው። አፍሪካ ከ300 አመት በፊት እንደዚህ እንደ አሁኑ ጊዜ የከፋ ጦርነት፤ረህብ፤ በሽታ፤የድንበር ክልል አልነበረም። ይሄ ሁሉ የሆነው ቀኝ ገዥዎች ወደ አፍሪካ ከመጡ በኋላ ነው።
    ካነበብኩትና ከሰማሁት በመመርኮዝ፦ እስኪ የአለምን ህዝብ የሚመሩበትን ዘዴ ከዚህ በታች ለመዘርዘ እሞክራለሁኝ።
    (00) cold war A) information weapons, of a charged with lies.
    B) material weapons
    The six priorities of generalized methods of global management.
    A) information weapons, of a charged with lies.
    1st priority – world view – the methodological, philosophy, educational, cultural
    2nd priority – The chronological weapons – factual, historical myths and legends.
    3rd priority – ideological – religious, technological.
    B) material weapons
    4th priority – economic, monetary, finance.
    5th priority – intoxicating, the weapon of genocide.
    6th priority -The power( force).
    1st priority – world view – the methodological, philosophy, educational, cultural
    የተሟላ እውቀት አይሰጡህም። የአዳዲስ እውቀቶችን ዘዴዎች ማግኛ ስልትም አያስተምሩህም። ለምሳሌ አንዳንድ የመንግስት መሪዎች ሃይማኖት ከመንግስት የተለየች ናት ብለው ይናገራሉ። እነዚህ መሪዎች የመንግስት አመራርና ሃይማኖትን ለይተው አያውቁም። ሃይማኖት አይደለም እንዴ በምድር ላይ በቢሊዬን የሚቆጠር የህዝብን አይምሮ እየመሩ ያሉት። እንደዚህ አይነቶቹ መሪዎች አሻንጉሊቶች ናቸው። ዝም ብሎ የglobal management ያስቀመጡዋቸው N# ፕሬዚደንቶች ናቸው።
    2nd priority – The chronological weapons – factual, historical myths and legends.
    የወደፊቱን መምራት የምትችለው ያለፈውን ታሪክ በመለወጥ ብቻ ነው። ያለፈውን ታሪክ መለወጥ የምትችለው የጦርነት ወረራ ተጠቂ ሆኖ በመቅረብና ጥፋተኛ (ሃጢአተኛ) በመፈለግ ነው። ይሄ ሊሆን የሚችለው በሰዎች ንቃተ ህሊና ውስጥ እውነትና ሃሰትን መለየት ሳይችሉ ሲቀሩ ነው።
    ታሪክን እንዴት አድርገው እንደሚለውጡ፡-
    ለምሳሌ ያህል፡ቪክተር ኢሉሂን የሶቬት ህብረት አቃቤ ህግ በዋናነት ሆነው አገልግለዋል። በአንድ ወቅት አንድ ሃቀኛ የሃገሪቱ ዜጋ የጥንት የታሪክ መጽሃፍቶችን እየሰበሰቡ በረቀቀ መንገድ የተለያዩ ማህተሞችን በመጠቀምና ቃላትን በመቀየር እንደሚሰራ መረጃ ይሰጣቸዋል-።ይሄንን መረጃ በፓርቲያቸው ቁጥጥር ስር በሆነው ቲቪ ለህዝብ ይፋ ያደርጋሉ። ከተወሰነ ጊዜ በኋላ ባደረባቸው ህመም ምክንያት ከዚህ አለም ተለዩ ተብሎ ተነገረ። ይሄንን ምሳሌ የወሰድኩት እኛንም በውሸት ታሪክ የኛን ህዝብ እርስ በራሱ እንዲጠላላ አንዳንድ ታሪክ እናውቃለን የሚሉ ጸሃፊዎች ከእንደዚህ ካልተረጋገጡ መጽሃፎች እየገለበጡ ነው ህዝብን ለድንቁርናና ለሞት የሚዳርጉት።
    3rd priority – ideological – religious, technological.
    (Dvide and rule) ከፋፍለህ ግዛው፦ የተለያዩ ፓርቲዎች፤የተለያዩ የደፈጣ ተዋጊዎች፤የተለያዩ የሃይማኖት ድርጅቶች በመፍጠር እርስ በርስ ማጋጨት።
    ideological :- ኮሙኒዝም፤ሶሻሊዝም፤ካፒታሊዝም፤ኢምፔሪአሊዝም፤ፌሚኒዝም፤ፋሺዝም ወ.ዘ.ተ. እያለ እርስ በርስ ማጋጨት። ይሄ ማለት አለም አቀፋዊ የሃይማኖት ወይም የርእዮት አለም ጦርነት በመቀስቀስ ህዝብን እርስ በርሱ ማጋጨት።
    ለምሳሌ ያህል በ2ተኛው አለም ጦርንት በብዙ ሚሊዮን የሚቆጠር ህዝብ አልቋል። በተለይ የጀርመን (የሂትለር) ጦር ሶቪዬት ህብረትን መውረር ከጀመረ ከ2ት ቀን በኋላ JUNE 24 1941 ሴናተር USA (ባኋላ ላይ ፕሬዚደንት የሆኑ) ሃሪ ትሩማን ለኒዎርክ ታይምስ ምንድን ነው ያሉት፡- “If we see that Germany is winning we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany, and that way let them kill as many as possible.”
    NEW YORK TUESDAY, JUNE 24 1941 በተጨማሪ ይሄንን ንግግር “የሶቪዬት ህብረትና የአሜሪካ ግንኙነት በ2ተኛው የአለም ጦርነት 1941-1945″ በሚለው volume 2, moscow, political literature, 1984, page 64 ላይ ተጽፎ ይገኛል።
    ሌላው ምሳሌ፡ ሌኒንን ሌሎቹ ጓደቹ ምን እያሉ እንደሚይስተምሩ፡- Lenin said: “We must hate – hatred is the basis of Communism. Children must be taught to hate their parents if they are not Communists” in a speech in Moscow in 1925. News, Congressional Record, Vol 77, pp. 1539-40.
    እየሱስ ስል ፍቅር የተናገርውን ቃል (1ዮሃንስ.4:8) ኮሚኒስቶች እንዴት እንደሚቃወሙ፦
    - We hate Christianity and Christians. Even the best of them should be considered as our worst enemies. They preach love for one’s neighbor. This is opposite to our interests. What we need – it is hate. Only then can we will conquer the world. Anatoly Lunacharsky (Jew). The Soviet Minister of Education, in a speech in Moscow in 1925. News, Congressional Record, Vol 77, pp. 1539-40. (google translate from russian to english)
    4th priority – economic, monetary, usury and financial management . አለማቀፋዊ ገንዘብ (የእያንዳንዱ ሃገር ብሄራዊ ባንኮች በሃብታሞች ቁጥጥር ስር በሚገኙት አበዳሪ ባንኮች ጥብቅ ቁጥጥር ስርና በነሱ ፕላን የሚመሩ ናቸው)። በከፍተኛ ፐርሰንት ብድር በመስጠት ሃገርን መዝረፍ።
    5th priority – intoxicating, the weapon of genocide. የአንድን ብሄር አጠቃላይ ህዝብ በአልኮል፤ሲጋራ፤ናርኮቲክ፤ሰውነትን ጎጂ በሆኑ መድሃኒቶች፤የተበላሹና ጊዜው ያለፈባቸውን ምግቦች በመሸጥ ዘር ማጥፋት።
    በተፈጥሮ የሚያበቅሉ ለህዝብ በምግብነት የሚያገለግሉ ምግቦችን ከመመገብ ይልቅ በዚያ ፋንታ የሰውን ጀነቲክ ሊያፈራርሱ የሚችሉና (Genetically modified foods destroying human genetics) የካንሰር በሽታ ሊያመጡ የሚችሉ ምግቦችን ህዝብን መመገብ።
    እኔ መጠየቅ የምፈልገው የክርስቶስ ተከታዮች ነን የምትሉ ቄሶች፤ፓስተሮች የት ነው ያለው የናንተ ሃቀኛ ክርስቲያንነት? የሰይጣንን ስራ እንዴት ነው የምትታገሉት? ወንጌልን አላነበባችሁትም እንዴ? (ኤፊ 6:11-12).
    6th priority -The power( force). ተቃዋሚህ ላይ ወይም ተጻራሪህ ላይ በማታለል በሃገር ውስጥና ከሃገር ውጭ ጦርነት መቀስቀስ(ከጎረቤት ሃገሮች ጋር)። ቴረሪዝምን እየታገልን ነው በሚል ሰበብ የንጹህ ሰዎች ህይወትን መቅጨት።
    የመጨረሻው መዳኛ እየሱስ ይነግረናል፦ (የማቴዎስ. 13:37-43)
    እነዚህ ሰይጣኖች በምድር ላይ እስካሁን ያጠፉት ጥፋት ምህረት የለውም ስለዚህ እየሱስ ህዝብን ከሰይጣኖች ለማዳን ከአምላክ የሰማው ቃል እንዲህ ይላል፦ (ማቴዎስ. 23:33-36).

  34. aha!
    | #34

    On the question of ethnic federalism as an ideology built into the constitution, your argumentative position is that “ethnic federalism, ,,, has created ethnic cleavage, discord, and hostility unprecedented in Ethiopian history”. Whereas my argumentative position: that ethnic federalism,(art. 46) a division of Ethiopian land mass by “settlements, languages and (ethnic) identity serves as a prelude to ethnic secessionism /nationalism (art 39(1), ethnic cleansing precede by genocide and outmigration for slave labor denial of individual freedom. The economic model of totalitarianism (art. 40) and developmental state capitalism in East Asian style deny the silent majority of Ethiopians free market capitalism at least in terms of private land ownership anywhere in Ethiopia. Both of them may be tested and validated by survey research and literature review.

    The survey research results could illustrate the focus to saving Ethiopia from the negative forces of disintegration and help the focus for the struggle under Ethiopian nationalism of Ethiopia as multi-ethnic groups as an integral part of Ethiopia where the larger ethnic groups and smaller ethnic groups serve a specific function for Ethiopia to function as a nation state with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians and the strategies to achieve those goals by all opposition parties and their followers.

  35. aha!
    | #35

    Dawi @ #22, you are probably anticipating a response from the author by citing his argumentative position on “federalism” ( ethnic federalism to be exact) that can be replaced by “democratic federalism” to serve the interests of all Ethiopians” as opposed to serving the interests of EPLF, TPLF and OLF. You will have to wait for his explanation, on his argumentative position. How ever I thank you raising the focal point in Ethiopian politics and constitution centered around ethnic politics and/or policies built that sets the confrontations between the ideologies of Ethiopian Nationalism and ethnic federalism, secessionism and totalitarianism and/or developmental state capitalism, built into the constitution, whose constitution is directly supported by the “teletafi” parties and impolitely supported by the opposition party OPDO/EFDF/Medrek/fdre both with ethnic than national agenda, where the latter engages the TPLF/eprdf regime in a peaceful struggle with the goals for respect ethnic rights: the rights to ethnic self-rule, and ethnic self determination, in a constitution formatted after the USSER, but not the United States to coincide with the original provinces of Ethiopia with assorted ethnic groups. Further more it engages with the TPLF/eprdf regime with the struggle for “yekilil Mengistats iqulinet Mebit Mekeber, as wellas respect for human rights, a common denominator and democracy to be supper imposed over ethnic rule, minority now and majority in the future. Those under Ethiopian Nationalism of Ethiopia as one nation state of multi-ethnic groups both Oromos, Amharas and other ethnic groups are engaged with the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians, where the last item refers to individual freedom, liberty and equality to prevail over ethnic and secessionist rights as precursor to liberal and/or social democracy. Those paradigms being the options, the only path to individual freedom and liberal and/or social democracy is the ideology of Ethiopian Nationalism which could be accomplished by ratifying the constitution in terms of art. 2, the flag, art 46. ethnic federalism by resorting to the original autonomous provinces, art. 39 (1) nullified, art. 8, the sovereignty of Ethiopia and art. 10 (1&2) for individual rights to override ethnic and secessionist rights by abolishing gossa( ethnic) cards and replacing it voter registration card to replace the current ideologies, the TPLF/eprdf regime and its constitution to establish liberal and/or social democracy. To achieve liberal and/or social democracy calls for all opposition parties to coalesce around the goals for unity, territorial integrity, sovereignty of Ethiopia and Ethiopians the TPLF/eprdf regime, which a conglomerate of ex-liberation fronts that fought the previous regimes for the oppression of nations and nationalities, but not for class struggle, with previous regimes gone, has outlived its expectations, unless it is intended to replace ethnic minority rule by ethnic majority rule, which still excludes Ethiopian Nationalism.

  36. aha!
    | #36

    Ctd from #35, please include art. 40, totalitarianism as part of the ratification of the constitution in terms of private ownership of land anywhere in Ethiopia with government having eminent domain with claiming land for the common good of Ethiopians, and for conservation and preservation of land. Nether should the TPLF/eprdf regime have monopoly of communication media, but the power of regulating private media.

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