NES COMMENTARY. No.16: Ideas for Ending the ENDEMIC Governance Crises in Ethiopia – Network of Ethiopian Scholars (NES)

March 21st, 2008 Print Print Email Email


“Ethiopia: the name was used by the Greeks for the people of Africa in general who, to them, were Ethiopians, meaning ‘people with burned faces’. They are mentioned in both Homer & Herodotus. In the 11th century B.C., there arose a kingdom of Ethiopia and early in the Christian era the state was set up” (more…)


“Ethiopia: the name was used by the Greeks for the people of Africa in general who, to them, were Ethiopians, meaning ‘people with burned faces’. They are mentioned in both Homer & Herodotus. In the 11th century B.C., there arose a kingdom of Ethiopia and early in the Christian era the state was set up”

Source: The New Standard Encyclopaedia & World Atlas,
Rev. C.A. Arlington, D.D. Oldhams Press Ltd. London, 1932 Great Britain, p.461


Any Ethiopian who loves ones people, country and nation must feel huge discomfort listening to successive shocking stories coming out of that far too much abused land. Once more we heard that 9 million people still need food aid handout despite the fact there is absolutely no justifiable reason for the country to remain in this humiliating condition for such a long and protracted time now. It has enough arable land were it not in recent times the regime is leasing out good arable land to the flower and rose- producing unscrupulous syndicate of foreign and local business persons that have chosen to impose and infect the land with water thirsty rose growing for cheap export. When countries like Portugal and Spain ban the production of roses in their farmland owing to the recognition that this crop not only dries the land where it grows from but also dries water in lands widely adjacent to the flower farms, poor African countries are trying to out-compete each other by giving incentives to attract what will make them remain in a permanent state of food shortage, hunger and humiliation. Bad economics combined with bad governance is a recipe for prolonged crises rather than opportunity!

2. Governance Crises is at the Root of the Persistence of the Food Problem

As a people, as a nation, and as a country, by putting all our heads, hearts, soul and ingenuities together, Ethiopians both inside and outside scattered around the world must solve the food problem as a matter of priority without any delay. This regime seems comfortable with the humiliation of begging food aid not being able to solve the most important problem of the country: feeding the people to create a strong nation. It has not been able to lead the agricultural revolution, the white revolution (milk) and the blue revolution (fresh water in every home which is not a matter of privilege but a right!)

But perhaps we are used to the idea that those who govern Ethiopia do not have it within them to solve the food, milk, and water problem. We do not have an Indra Ghandi, who, faced with the humiliation of famine invited all her scientists and told them that we have come out of colonial humiliation; we cannot allow ourselves a second one- this time the humiliation that we cannot feed ourselves. She demanded of her scientists that the country must solve the hunger problem and she said since you are scientists, come up with a solution she demanded of the learned women and men of India. And India went through a biotechnology revolution or green revolution that made it a food and milk surplus country rather than a chronically food deficit and hunger prone country. That is what leadership means.

In Africa the people with knowledge fear power, and those in power fear knowledge. How are the power-men going to invite knowledge to solve the real problem of real people? Sycophancy to power rather than a strong willingness to use distilled knowledge that passed the withering criticism of those who are best in their fields still govern the research, higher education and knowledge production practice in much of Africa, sad to admit it, in the 21st century!

3. The Gold Scandal: Ransacking the National Treasure

The media from South Africa to Denmark has reported that Ethiopia may be in a situation where much of the national gold treasure may be unreal. One wonders where the real gold disappeared and even more how the governance of such an important sector of the national economic grid failed? It is indeed very shocking and unexpected to hear such abominable news. Such robbery of any national treasure has a huge implication in destabilising the monetary and economic balance of any country that happens to be confronted with such a treacherous action. We ask the question: how come that such a colossal treachery against the nation, the people and the country has been allowed to go on until South Africans discovered it when the traders had the audacity to de-fraud outsiders having milked the nation? We heard the news that some of the perpetrators have moved out of the country apparently some of whom after having won prizes for business leadership from the regime in power? Any self-respecting regime must do all in its power to find the culprits, make them pay back the nation they pillaged and punish all the wrong doers including the possible Government and para-government liaisons that facilitated this treachery.

What does this fraud show? What is the relationship between the prevailing ethnic governance and such grand theft committed against the nation? Is this colossal theft related to ethnic de-valorisation of Ethiopianess and Ethiopian patriotic belonging where those who steal prefer to privilege their private pockets to the decent matter of allegiance to the national well being? How can they imagine they can rob the national treasury for so long undetected, unless they have powerful official and intelligence people backing them? Where did the real gold go? These are indeed trying questions at trying times where this unfortunate nation seems to continue to lurch from one disastrous episode to another? How much has ethnic politics to do with this colossal treachery against the nation? This question cannot be ignored anymore, as there can be no doubt that more of these sorts of scandals in more grotesque forms are likely yet to transpire!

4. Even More Alarming is the Concentration of Economic and Political Power!

There is something truly scary when a whole nation of 80 million people’s economy are dominated by two highly colluding syndicates, the business organisations that have political backing from the regime and the rich billionaire Sheikh Al Amoundin.. The problem with poor countries like Ethiopia is that wealth concentrated under private capitalists is even worse than those put under the custody of the state. Under the imperial system, many of the commanding heights of the economy were nationally owned, now it looks a disproportionate portion of the national economy is under unscrupulous traders and business persons loyal to two overweening masters: the TPLF/EPDRF and those working for the business empire being built assiduously by the said billionaire!

One wonders how much these two syndicates between them control the proportion of size of the national economy. Our guess is that a disproportionate share of the nation’s GDP is probably owned by them. Research is highly needed to find out the real picture. We would not be surprised with a guess-estimate, if between them, they may not be controlling something like over half the size of the nation’s GDP!

Wealth concentration goes hand in hand with gross social and regional inequalities. This is very worrying indeed. How come the people live in more and more hardship whilst the obscene wealthy persons try to fantasise helicopter landing on the rooftops of their new flash buildings? What kind of society is being manufactured under the bizarre ethnic fractured society of this historic and indeed potentially great and viable nation dominated by two major economic houses- one that controls the politics to build its own economy, and the other the billionaire who uses his economic advantage and political connections to muscle in and crowd others out, and control the politics of the country? This state of affairs cannot be ignored anymore. Neither can it be condoned. The economy and the politics of the land must serve to promote the infinite well being of the people, the nation and the country. The people must be united to achieve food self- sufficiency without delay. The nation needs liberation from those that want to privatise it through ethnicism and the private economic monopoly of a few billionaires, and the country needs to be independent from those that use donorisation and foreign aid to pursue anti-Ethiopian purposes.

5. The ethnic framed rule system is destructive!

Ethnic division is very corrosive. It can destroy the national glue. Ethnic solidarity becomes like the solidarity of the Masonic order and the illumnati.The purchase of ethnic social capital comes with the loss of national social capital. In poor country contexts where there is resource deficit and all sorts of problems and conflicts, the sum of individual ethnic based social capitals does not add up to a national social capital. Nor are the parts put together or adjacent to each other greater than or near enough the social capital of the whole. Our country is at high risk blackmailed willy-nilly with the politics of ethnic fracturing that often spreads deceptions, lies, treachery, theft and all sorts of ugly characteristics such as the discourse and narratives of bigotry, narrow mindedness and hypocrisy. A large portion of the ethnic politicians are more often than not tainted and contaminated by their commerce of identity, existing and occupying very often a de contextualised, spiritless and hopelessly superficial selfish world running around to fill in their pockets and belly by diluting Ethiopia’s national identity, forgetting that the national identity has been shaped by tears, blood and sweat, sacrifices and struggles of successive generations. The nation was earned and made. To undo it is a crime. It has been shaped by long historical communication and a will to forge a shared destiny to build a future with justice and opportunity to all starting from the least advantaged.

There is a very strong need to counter ethnicism with Ethiopian patriotic nationalism. There is a strong need for individuals who wish to express high citizenship by wishing to live not only their own lives but also to stand and be counted in wishing to sacrifice for helping to improve the livelihood of people and the prioritisation of civic sense and expression and engagement with citizenship in social action, solidarity and belief. For the people, nation and Ethiopia, there is no better cause to die for, though some of us are not convinced it is worth killing anybody for.

If the reason for dividing the country along ethnic frames was supposed to stem the tide of ethnic based grievances, it has miserably failed. How are we going to explain the fact that there are as many ethnic based grievances expressed now even by sections of the Tigrayan elite that constituted the formation of TPLF in the first place? We hear them accusing the regime not serving Tigrayan interests but the interests of the Eritrean front led by Isias with whom there exists still a belligerent stalemate where all are concerned that people may be slaughtered as they were in hundreds and thousands as in 1998-2000. Grievances manifest everywhere from the North, South, Central, West and Easter part of this ancient country.

6. The Ethnic System is Anathema to Fair Governance!

We all have commented a number of times on the negative implication of imposing a radically new agenda by founding the ethnic principle for organising the politics, economics, society and state system in the country. (See Berhanu Balcha, Divide and Rule, NES, Ethiomedia, Nazret, Ethiopian Review and others!)) In spite of the ethnic restructuring of the Ethiopian state and territory, the opposition from Eritrea, from Ogaden, the Oromos and the urban based disaffections have not gone to sleep. There seems to be a variety of dissatisfactions with the way the current power holders- the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) and their loyal supporters from other ethnically concept-framed or circumferenced groups they like to describe as a coalition despite the fact these are largely controlled under the umbrella of the so-called Ethiopian Peoples Democratic Revolutionary Front (EPDRF) – are managing or mismanaging Ethiopian public life. Both armed and non-armed opposition has continued and a national will to convert opposition from its current manifestations into a legitimate and integrated factor in public life, as played within a system shared by all, is still far off the agenda.

The deeper question to ponder relates to the very concept and practice of organising politics, society, space, economy and state with ethnicity which often defines and classifies a population in a given territory with those who belong and those that do not belong to the ethnic group. For a country as old as Ethiopia, the politics unleashed by the TPLF is the politics based on the primordial prejudice that blood is thicker than water. Is ethnicity fixed and permanent related to defining characteristics of biology, physical attributes and characteristics or is it a historical and social phenomenon subject to the workings of history shaped by the concatenation of global and local social forces? The defining concept of ethnicity often associates its meaning with a barrier to cross-ethnic solidarity and the politics of this conception often invokes opposition to it. The new power holders converted this barrier into a positive attribute where the recognition of ethnic rights is supposed to be synonymous with the construction of ‘national solidarity’, and even more the latter’s possible entrenchment. To sell this politics the current power holders claimed that unless they re- classify the provinces into vernacular re-cast sub-regional nation-states, the country will disintegrate. They thus try to forestall disintegration by inviting and welcoming vernacularly circumferenced and grouped states that prioritised vernacular-ethnic citizenship over civic Ethiopian citizenship for distributing entitlements to services, economy, education and health. Thus instead of unity of citizenship based on the idea of the Ethiopian nation, the fracturing of citizenship along ethnic-vernacular lines was entrenched… Instead of national solidarity, the ill-thought out logic of ‘othering’ took centre stage with divisions of one country Ethiopia literally into a number of mini-states or ‘mini-nations.’

The risk of many min-nations is that loyalty to the one nation of Ethiopia is most likely to be sacrificed, if not killed altogether. The sign that nationalism is diluted is, for example, when we see persons that ransacked the treasury are not restrained by any feeling that this will hurt the country, the people and the nation. They simply do not care. They may be thinking they are pillaging a regime which is as foreign to them as the various divisions have made an’ abroad’ from the ’inside’ one country! Ethiopia is now many and those who do not pay allegiance to it can sanitise their conscience to pillage it. This robbery of the national treasury is thus no ordinary crime committed by mere criminals. This episode demonstrates a deeper malaise of a country whose politics has been ethnicised, the country has been divided into many nations, its patriotism has been corrosively sullied and the moral restraint of doing harm to country has been weakened. Ethiopians should have been feeling strongly African in order to be even stronger Ethiopians; instead we have the opposite logic where feeling and flaunting vernacular and ethnic identity is given primacy for political and economic primitive accumulation more than anything else. The argument that with these ethnic-based political and economic accumulations and loyalties first a derivative and even stronger loyalty to Ethiopia will be attained is an argument in sophistry lacking context, history, commonsense and reason combined together.

How can loyalty to Ethiopia be forged when society is fractured by a series of in-group and out-group identities that communicate mainly inside the group and with very often mistrust and suspicion of the centre and not necessarily with each other? How can those inside a group and those outside a group give in to communication and solidarity when’ selfing’ and the ‘othering’ becomes the foundation for entitlement of political and economic rights well and above the legitimate social and cultural entitlements groups deserve to have, and no one has a right to deprive them of?

In the Ethiopian context, ethnicity comes also with the hazard of whether it is possible to clearly distinguish one ethnic group from another based on the assumed common features differentially held by a group. It also will not prevent the query of how such common distinguishing features provide primary and foundational significance to identify and classify group from group with a neat sense of clarity. Moreover, there may be people belonging to certain ethnic groups that wish to claim rights on other grounds other than ethnicity without rejecting cultural and social entitlement also due to their belonging to specific ethnic groups.

Governance crises are endemic when the rights of the many are under the rights of the few. Such a system is inherently unstable. The ethnic based rule in Ethiopia, no matter how anyone wishes to embellish it, puts not only the governance but also the country’s future in doubt. It is the enemy of building social capital, networks of interactions and relationships based on citizenship concepts, norms, rules, institutions and principles at a national level. Mico-level social capitals would not add up or be greater than the macro-level national social capital which is critically needed to be built to construct in turn and assure the country coming out of both its governance crises and attaining a sustainable future.

7. Reversing the Long Governance Crises

During and after the Scramble for Africa, Ethiopian leaders from Aste Twedros, Aste Yohannes, Aste Menelik and Aste Haile Selassie followed a cautious modernisation and national unification strategy. It was slow and replete with immense difficulties and internal oppositions, but on the whole we know they followed an Ethiopian national strategy to unite and modernise the country. The modernisation and unification project of tradition did not embrace democratisation and social justice. Force was the means not democracy to undertake unification. Justice for the people was not the principle but preserving feudal prerogatives and serfdom in the introduction of modern schools, telephones, telegraph, post offices and other technical-economic symbols of modernity.

The non-traditional actors that self-initiated their movements from the student movement, the Eritrean Fronts, the Derg, the TPLF and all others that have chequered the Ethiopian political landscape after World War II have not followed a modernisation programme that is free from mimicry to either the West or the Soviet Union, China, Albania, North Korea and so on. This mimicry was also partial. It may have mimicked China’s revolutionary strategy but not China’s strong sense of nationhood rooted in that great country’s historical depth. Since most of the movements rejected the past and history, they were prepared to ignore the hard job of extracting lessons from Ethiopia’s own historical depth.

There was a clear rupture and selectivity in the mimicry. The project turned hollow having become flimsy by showing scant concern and regard for the important purpose of building patiently the unity of the people, the country and the nation. With all of these movements there was more ideology and phrase mongering than substance in their project except that they all have, to varied degrees, stood for one variety or another form of democracy and social justice expressed and understood to them in their own ways. Where all these movements were strong is in championing social justice and voice for the voiceless, but where they failed is to pay lip service to forging strong national purpose and unity.

Unfortunately except for the aborted election of 2005 where there appears to be a resurrection of both a unity and modernisation project based on democratisation and social justice, there is still no clear politics coming out of the varied forces that fight against each other with arms and propaganda or make alliances with each other from those who hold power to those who are determined to unseat them. The country still is looking for its children to move beyond the current impasse and provide a project of unification and modernisation where patriotism and strong national sense as Ethiopian-Africans is centrally pursued without any ambiguity by combining these goals with democratisation and social justice. The 19th century project of unification and modernisation must be appropriated. Those who rejected it in order to pursue objectives they thought worthy must be told that they are wrong. The alternative is to learn from the project and combine it with the objectives of fulfilling democratisation and social justice of the post-war era. The past must be used to learn from lessons, the present must deal with real challenges that confront the ordinary people, and the future must open hope, opportunity and possibility. There is no reason why lessons from the 19th century can be added with lessons and objectives of the 20th century to forge a robust society, economy and governance system in the 21st century.

If we come fast forward, ironically enough, under the imperial systems, the Ethiopian citizen was recognised as a primary unit. In fact, under the Haile Selassie imperial system the traditional system was engaged in developing gradually a constitutional system with the Ethiopian citizen as a repository of rights and obligations. Though the citizen was oppressed and cultural rights and languages were unfortunately not recognised, her or his citizenship was considered in the 1930s constitution as the primary unit for allocating rights and obligations.

The military Government imposed violence for solving most contradictions making the citizen lose entitlement though languages and cultural rights were recognised under the military system.

The current ethnic system displaced the citizen and substituted the ethnic category under the guise of restoring vernacular and cultural rights to ethnic nations. A new model or governance arrangement that needs to serve as a mobilising perspective to come out of the endemic governance crises is the following: make the vernacularly and ethnically un-circumferenced and un-fractionalised Ethiopian citizen as the ultimate unit for according political and economic rights and obligations unencumbered with other concerns when establishing the core of the state-society and economy linkages and system. This should be followed by distinguishing clearly cultural and social rights such as ethnic, gender, language and other rights from political and economic rights and constitutionally guarantee their free expressions and use. Given modern technology and information and communication technologies most linguistic problems can be harmonised and should not pause a major obstacle provided people are willing to solve problems rather than make and exacerbate them.

8. Concluding Remark

Ethiopia needs to move on to a post- ethnic federal system where the ideals of national unification, modernisation, democratisation and social justice are the vision, the value, the challenge, the hope, the possibility and the opportunity. These four concepts- unification, modernisation, democratisation and social justice- must constitute the bedrock for a sustainable governance system to end all crises of governance in the country once and for all.

The sate- society and economy must be interlinked in a system with the four concepts to bring about improved governance in the Government, public life and the economy based on the Ethiopian citizen as a primary unit for the bearer of rights and obligations.

The traditional system had ideals that we can only reject at the expense of our national dispersal—we must recognise that modernisation and unification are necessary and something none can dispense with. To say that they are necessary is not to say that they are sufficient. The modern self- initiated movements have brought on the agenda democratisation and social justice and rights but at the expense of national unification and the needed build up of legitimacy to undertake comprehensive modernisation based on self-reliance and national independence.

The time is right to combine tradition with modernity, history with the present to chart a future that is robust and serves without discrimination and prejudice all concerned and involved.

Mammo Muchie, Dphil
Coordinator of DIIPER
Research Centre on Development Innovation and IPER and
NRF/DST SARCHI Professorial Research Chairholder, TUT, Pretoria, South Africa
Aalborg University
Fibigertraede 2
9220-Aalborg East
Aalborg, Denmark 00-45 9940 9813 00-45 9815 3298

    | #1

    What a heart warming feeling to read this brilliant, spectacular and outstanding article as an Ethiopian?!
    Thank you professor Mammo Muchie!

    Ethiopia is blessed to have such people like professor Mammo Muchie:I would rather classify him as the brain of Ethiopia on the fields of history, economics ,and social aspects.

    Ethiopia is also blessed to have such individuals like Professor Alemayehu Gebremariam as true son of Ethiopia on the legal and human right fields.

    Ethiopia is blessed to have such individuals like Obang Metho, who is not only Human right defender of the innocent people of Anuaks who suffered like the other regions of Ethiopia but also for the whole country. I would classify him also as the true son of Ethiopia, spiritual and human right defender.

    Thank you all for your wonderful contributions in this desperate situation of our mother land!

  2. fasil
    | #2

    You are a liar i am from Windsor Ontario. What you are talking about is absolute lie. May be ppls are avoiding you for some reason but Windsor a very active ethiopian comunity and i guess you have to look in to your self. But the agames are hated ppls not only in windsor but all over the world. The only way to get accepted back in to ethiopian community is to repent and condemn the savage and primitive agames.

  3. Hab
    | #3

    What an inspiring article I have just read!

    Indeed we, as a nation are blessed to have people like you, Prof. Mamo. God bless you a great deal and please keep up the good work you are doing. Young Ethiopians like me always need such a bright people who stand firm and tell the truth so that we also see what we can contribute for the betterment of our country.

    Let God rise and guide us so that we may know what is expected of us in order to play our role to bring all our dreams come true as a nation.

    God bless Ethiopia.


  4. Arefe
    | #4

    Dear,Pro. Mamo I have read the article’s I have disagreement the name “burned face” that the name given to ethiopia by Greek philosophers that is not true history. Greeks always want be the first and uniq in this world. Because of their country and language is older
    they try to confused the new generation.
    Example when we accept that all medicine names are in Greek word and invented Greek’s teach their children’s “we invent the world”that is automatically wrong. now days world Knows ethiopia is the first human being foundation’s of civilization before anywhere else.the first Greeks came to ethiopia 1300 to
    to teach religion but they found us we were a
    head of them the name abyssinia existed.
    Ethiopian= Archaic a black person
    Ethiopic= the Christian liturgical language of Ethiopia. See Curtsy- Archaic
    “Aithiops—- is not a Greek word”
    With full confidence proof knowing the Language and the country I condemned misleading against
    the source and for those who accept as is.!!!!
    Please read “ADDIS ABABA HISTORY” Written by the Greek ambassador in Ethiopia MR,Athanasios petor mikos after Ras Taffari visit Greece 1924 the Greek news papers said it all about Ethiopians genorousity.
    “I left my country July 1929 there was no food
    I was poor my dad to America me to Abyssinia
    I lived as rich better than my dad”(….)
    read how he saw the religion, people,culture,
    hspitablity,justice,ethiopians poverty and people struggle,how rich we were.a book written 1998 and published 1992 Athens Greece.

  5. fasil
    | #5

    can you please forget the books written during woyane period doesn’t count in history it is distortion of history i mean anything.

  6. Atlabachew
    | #6

    dear,fasil if dont know ethiopia where you got your name? don’t mixup country and politics.
    country stands for the nation. politics is for money lovers!don’t be tourist without a map!!!

    Hnourable Pro,Mammo Muchie I agree in your articles based on present ethiopian situation.
    but your enterance is not interesting.
    “tell me your frinds to tell you who you are”
    To know what is British ask Italians
    To know what is Greek ask Turkish
    To know What is Ethiopia ask Portugize,Germen,
    France and Ethipoians themselves.or ask British
    why they burned our history and have it in thire know who is Woyanne don’t ask me ask
    Americans they are close alliance.!!!!!
    Let me take you to my concern.
    Do you know in Albanian Language what America means? AME=come RI=eat CA=go
    so,name America given by Albanian?
    SO, show me Greek Dictionary that it tells you Ethiopia? oonly I saw when

  7. Atlabachew
    | #7

    Ethiopians T-shirts Says. what a shame!
    Would you tell me in which Greek dictionary you
    found it? Aitho= burn ops= face may be
    “KAMENO PROSOPO” similar to “burned face”
    So, Greek’s always they go to beach naked you telling me they want be ETHIOPIANS? Good news
    But impossible!! may be it is in”ArkiaElinika”
    which they don’t like it because it is similar
    version of Ge’ez they call it ETHIOPIC.
    Fellow citizens I don’t care politics But Idon’t let nobody to tell me who I am. I proud
    Born ETHIOPIAN Live as a true ETHIOPIAN.!!!!
    Montreal, Canada

  8. fasil
    | #8

    Little knowledge very dangerous. Mr.Atlabachew. Brsinging albaniann word doesn’t make you a linguist or any better than the primitive woyanes. They were followers Albanian revolution and you and woyanes are the only groups i ever know who referred to Albania do you think it is a coincidence i don’t.To just pay attention to what you have said up to know can please tell us about your crednetioal i.e your educational back ground and what you are doing in montrial but please don’t tell me you are a fellowship in McGill university.hahahah

  9. The real Fasil from windsor
    | #9

    Dear windsorite readers, please do not be deceived by this ignorant individual called “fasil”, he is misusing my name to blackmail me.
    I am the Original ‘Fasil’ who residing in windsor, and i do not have no problem with no body included the Tigreans and oromos whatsoever.
    The matter of fact, my friend told me that some body been posting paganacious articles to get me involved in things i do not even know.

  10. Wase
    | #10

    Dear Ben,
    Knowing that the clear policy of your website is to be a shameless apologist for the TPLF led tyranny in Ethiopia, you may not post this piece. Here goes if for nothing else than your own reckoning.
    Mathaza’s (Melles Zenawi’s pen name) propaganda, posted on your fiercely partisan website, entitled: “Observing development in Ethiopia…” suggests that Ethiopia has achieved significant strides in its economic development and quotes, in his usual style of presenting half-truths, only positive statements by some institutions which, if quoted fully, would be seen to mix some diplomatic comments along with some bitter pills regarding the truth of Ethiopia’s grinding poverty. The latter is of course conveniently ignored by Mathaza (Melles Zenawi).
    Here are some examples of the truth = the bitter pill:
    (1) According to the UNDP’s Human Devlopment Index, Ethiopia is 170th out of 177 nations.
    (2) Isn’t it a fact that because of the TPLF regime’s 17 years of misrule, Ethiopia is still one of the very poorest nations in the world?
    (3) Despite TPLF’s so-called rural oriented policy, isn’t it a fact that the vast majority of Ethiopians, especilly the 85% living as farmers, are sustaining a grinding poverty for several reasons including TPLF’s backward and inefficient land use policy which renders the Ethiopian people landless peasants for the purpose of oppressing them for political reasons?
    (4) What about the rampant corruption being perpetrated by TPLF which directly owns over 35 companies permitted to operate without paying any tax and are engaging in unfair competition against the private sector? What about the scandalous corruption cases including the theft of gold from the bank’s vaults!, the telecommunications swindling, the hundreds of millions of Eth. Birr given out by the bank to TPLF cadres who never pay it back, etc. which implicate high level TPLF functionaries who are unlikely to be brought to justice? “Abbatu dagna liju qemmagna”.
    (5) What about TPLF’s dismal tribalist policy which, among other things, stifles mobility in development activities within Ethiopia?
    (6) What about the huge inflation which is making life for the common Ethiopian even more desperate?
    (7) What about the role of your mentor and financier who is given a free hand to facilitate corruption and unbridled expansion of fundamentalists in Ethiopia?
    (8) I wonder what you think about TPLF’s enmity against Ethiopia by rendering it a landlocked entity making it dependent on tiny Djibouti which is now under the tight control of the Arabs (Dubai) who are running the port. Does anyone know the financial consequences incurred by Ethiopia as a result of TPLF’s disastrous action of losing the nation’s sea ports? Did Eritrea’s independence bring peace and development to the Horn of Africa?
    (9) How about the invasion of Southern Somalia which according to Meles Zenawi (Mathaza) was supposed to be for a few weeks but still going on at great economic and political loss to Ethiopia?
    (10)What about the extremely poor health situation in Ethiopia having a devastating impact on Ethiopia’s economy? Thanks to TPLF’s dismal performance, malaria has multiplied, TB is endemic, 3 million Ethiopians are suffering from avoidable eye diseases, etc. The “smart” Prime Dictator has stated that Ethiopia does not need doctors!!!
    (11) And so on……..
    Ben, you claim to follow an even handed policy in the presentation of perspectives about Ethiopia. You should search your soul as, believe it or not, you are merely a tool of TPLF’s blatant propaganda! Your website’s name: EthiopiaFirst is a flagrant misnomer.
    May YeEthiopia Amlak show you the path of truth and fairness!

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